Papers of Paul and Elizabeth Brandeis Raushenbush
Information from Online Catalog
|Raushenbush, Elizabeth Brandeis.|
|Paul A. Raushenbush and Elizabeth Brandeis Raushenbush papers, 1918-1980.|
|9.6 c.f. (24 archives boxes),1 tape recording, and photographs.|
|Papers of a husband and wife team of economists
who were important in the drafting and enactment of the Wisconsin
Unemployment Compensation law. In addition, Paul Raushenbush (1898-1980)
was head of the Wisconsin Unemployment Division from 1934 to 1967
and Elizabeth Brandeis Raushenbush (1896-1984) was a professor of
economics at the University of Wisconsin and a leader in the Wisconsin
League of Women Voters.
Her papers document teaching at the University of Wisconsin, activities in the League of Women Voters (especially its Wisconsin Tax Study Committee) and the American Federation of Teachers Local 223, extensive public speaking and writing on labor-related topics, and service on various state and federal study committees. Included are Paul's general correspondence, speeches and writings (including an edited oral history published as "Our U.C. Story"), and unemployment compensation materials (1932-1934) not related to administration of the Wisconsin Unemployment Division.
Prominent correspondents include Grace Abbott, Arthur Altmeyer, John B. Andrews, Fr. Joseph Becker, Clara M. Beyer, Andrew J. Biemiller, John R. Commons, Morris L. Ernst, Lincoln Filene, Felix Frankfurter, Josephine Goldmark, Harold Groves, Roger Sherman Hoar, David E. Lilienthal, Harold W. Story, Mary E. Switzer, Edwin E. Witte, members of the Raushenbush family, and Louis B. Brandeis.
|Files of Paul Raushenbush as head of the Wisconsin Unemployment Division are in the Wisconsin State Archives as Series 2145.|
|Abbott, Grace, 1878-1939.
Altmeyer, Arthur Joseph, 1891- .
Andrews, John B. (John Bertram), 1880-1943.
Becker, Joseph M.
Beyer, Clara Mortenson, 1892- .
Biemiller, Andrew J. (Andrew John), 1906-1982.
Brandeis, Louis Dembitz, 1856-1941.
Commons, John Rogers, 1862-1945.
Ernst, Morris Leopold, 1888- .
Filene, A. Lincoln, 1865- .
Frankfurter, Felix, 1882-1965.
Goldmark, Josephine Clara, 1877-1950.
Groves, Harold M. (Harold Martin), 1897-1969.
Hoar, Roger Sherman.
Lilienthal, David Eli, 1899-1981.
Story, Harold Willis, 1890- .
Switzer, Mary Elizabeth, 1900- .
Witte, Edwin Emil, 1887-1960.
American Federation of Teachers. Local 223 (University of Wisconsin)
League of Women Voters of Wisconsin.
University of Wisconsin--Faculty.
College teachers' unions--Wisconsin.
|Raushenbush, Paul A. (Paul Arthur), b. 1898|
|Archives Main Stacks|
|Box 1-24 MAD 3 / 4/C5-6, D5-6|
|Archives Main Stacks|
|Photographs MAD Icon/Lot 3652|
|Archives Sound Holdings|
|1 tape recording MAD Sound/Tape 1250A|
The papers are arranged in two series: ELIZABETH BRANDEIS RAUSHENBUSH and PAUL A. RAUSHENBUSH.
Scope and Content
The researcher using the Raushenbush Papers may be aided by understanding some of the history of the collection. The papers were donated to the historical Society by the Raushenbush family in many accessions over a course of several years. During his retirement Paul attempted to organize the material, which consisted of his personal files as well as some records of the Unemployment Compensation Division, but at the time of their receipt at the Society the arrangement was inconsistent and the original order indiscernible. In the meantime Elizabeth Raushenbush had donated a small collection of her papers to the Schlesinger Library.
In 1985 SHSW catalogued all of Paul Raushenbush's papers as Public Records Series 2145 and removed Elizabeth Raushenbush's papers which were regarded as a manuscript collection. In 1991 Mrs. Raushenbush's papers were reviewed and, based on the close professional involvement of the couple, the couple's papers were redefined based on their original legal status as archival material: records relating to the administration of the Unemployment Compensation Division during Paul Raushenbush's tenure as director, 1934-1967, remained part of Series 2145, while all EB's papers, PAR's papers outside the chronological scope of Series, 2145 and his personal correspondence and writings were catalogued as a manuscript collection.
The manuscript collection is divided into two series: one series comprised of his papers and a second series of her papers, but given the interrelatedness of their careers and interests that distinction is not precise. Documentation on the 1930's is very rich, covering well the important position of the Raushenbushes in the social insurance legislation of that decade, both. nationally and in Wisconsin. In general, personal and family correspondence addressed to both of them and their joint autobiographical writings may be found in the PAUL A. RAUSHENBUSH section of the collection. The small quantity of photographs received with the papers are also listed under his section.
The ELIZABETH BRANDEIS RAUSHENBUSH papers, which form the larger section of the manuscript collection, are organized into six categories: University of Wisconsin career; speeches and writings; League of Women Voters, governmental committees memberships, correspondence and notes, and miscellany.
E.B. began teaching as a graduate student and progressed through the instructor and professorial ranks in the Economics Department, ending as a full professor. Her teaching was entirely part-time, generally alternating between American Economic History and Labor Legislation, although she also taught in some interdisciplinary courses. In addition, she served on various faculty committees and was an active member of AFT Local 223, serving as president in 1945. All of these endeavors are represented in this section, but especially notable are notes on course development; lecture notes for her courses; and correspondence, memoranda and statistical information gathered as part of her union activities. Correspondence with former students and others relating to her teaching is interfiled with the CORRESPONDENCE AND NOTES. Researchers on this area of E.B.'s career may also wish to consult a 1974 oral history interview held by the University of Wisconsin Archives.
Her speeches and writings are extensively documented. During her career E.B. spoke both live and over the radio on topics ranging from her support of Progressive political candidates to her interest in labor. Many of these speeches and notes contain interesting reminiscences of people she knew such as her father, John R. Commons, Clara Beyer, Selig Perlman, Pauline Goldmark, and Harold Groves. The speeches are largely arranged by date, although some material is arranged, as she did herself, by subject. In some cases both notes and final copy are included. Several additional speeches presented to LWV audiences may be found filed in that section of the collection.
The writings are arranged chronologically by date. Several files include drafts and related correspondence. Of special note is the manuscript (filed as circa 1953) on Florence Kelley begun by Josephine Goldmark which E.B. completed after her aunt's death. League of Women Voters material primarily relates to E.B.'s work with the Wisconsin League, although there is some documentation on both the national and Madison groups. Her collection augments the LWV records held by the Historical Society primarily in its documentation of the League's interest during the 1950's in the important taxation issue. Her League subject files also have parallel files in the State League records, with E.B.'s files containing useful supplementary material and notes. Some of the documentation on the Equal Rights Amendment, of which E.B. was an opponent, is from the National Committee to Defeat the Unequal Equal Rights Amendment.
Small files document Mrs. Raushenbush's membership on various government committees and commissions, especially various industry committees of the U.S. Department of Labor during the later 1930's and 1940's.
Her correspondence and notes are divided into two categories: a general chronological file covering the period 1935 to 1953 and an alphabetical subject file. However, because of the breath and complexity of her interests, the two files are not mutually exclusive. The correspondence, which includes both incoming and carbons of her outgoing letters, is largely concerned with professional interests, teaching, and publications, although, because she knew so well such individuals as Felix Frankfurter, Clara Morteason Beyer, and Mary Switzer, the distinction between personal and professional correspondence is not precise. In addition to letters this section contains handwritten notes, writings by E.B. and others, and legislative drafts.
The general section of E.B.'s correspondence contains scattered letters from Arthur Altmeyer, Grace Abbott, John B. Andrews, Andrew Biemiller, John R. Commons, Morris Ernst, Lincoln Filene, Harold Groves, David Lilienthal, William Gorham Rice, Harold W. Story, Mary E. Switzer, and Edwin E. Witte, as well as documenting her relationship with many governmental agencies and organizations such as the National Consumers League, the U.S. Department of Labor, the Social Security Board, and the National Child Labor Committee. There is also some correspondence here concerning Carl Raushenbush and the Raushenbush family and their respective interests in social issues during the 1930's. Correspondence with the Brandeis family includes letters to and from Josephine Goldmark and numerous items concerning management of property in Massachusetts of the Raushenbush and Brandeis families.
The subject portion of her correspondence contains files documenting topics in which she was interested, primarily minimum wage legislation, unemployment compensation, and protective labor laws for women and children. Also represented is additional correspondence with John B. Andrews, Clara Mortenson Beyer, and Josephine Goldmark. The folder containing correspondence with Louis Brandeis consists of xerox copies of letters from the chief justice, primarily on unemployment matters, as well as a few copies of letters from E.B. to her father. Unfortunately the xerox copies are difficult to read and the location of the originals is unknown. The miscellaneous material consists primarily of informational material and writings by others unaccompanied by correspondence.
The PAUL A. RAUSHENBUSH papers consist of biographical information, correspondence, speeches and writings, and unemployment compensation files.
His correspondence consists of a chronologically-arranged general section and two alphabetical subject files. The general category begins with a 1917 form letter from Robert M. La Follette, Sr. and material pertaining to Raushenbush's overseas travel after World War I. More significant correspondence from the 1930's contains numerous exchanges with Harold Groves and E.E. Witte, as well as less frequent letters from Louis B. Brandeis, Abraham Epstein of the American Association for Old Age Security, and Aubrey Williams of the Wisconsin Conference of. Social Work. Coverage of the late 1930's and 1940's is fragmentary and incomplete, while later years are more extensively covered. The majority of these later items consist of personal correspondence, especially incoming and outgoing letters from Carl Raushenbush and Winifred Raushenbush Rorty. Special files within the correspondence document Raushenbush's long professional relationship with Fr. Joseph Becker and his teaching experience at the University of Wisconsin Experimental College.
Speeches and writings include chapter drafts and notes for his uncompleted dissertation on labor relations in the Philadelphia transit industry and an edited version of the couple's Columbia University oral history interview which was eventually published as Our U.C. Story. Also present are drafts and final copies of speeches and writings and a recording of remarks concerning the role of Jacob F. Friedrick in the unemployment compensation effort in Wisconsin.
The unemployment compensation files in this collection cover only the period 1932-1934 when Raushenbush was working as a consultant to the Wisconsin Unemployment Compensation Advisory Committee. Included is correspondence with Arthur Altmeyer, B. J. Gehrmann, Roger Sherman Hoar, H. W. Story, and others concerning the preparation of the Wisconsin standard voluntary plan. Also related to the early days of unemployment compensation in Wisconsin is background information on the J.I. Case unemployment benefit plan, a draft U.C. handbook, and form letters to employers. Raushenbush's work as a consultant to Massachusetts is also represented here, and the correspondence with Felix Frankfurter is especially rich in that regard. Several folders relate to consultations with Tom Corcoran, Thomas H. Eliot, and other federal officials over the drafting of the Wagner-Lewis bill.
|ELIZABETH BRANDEIS RAUSHENBUSH|
|University of Wisconsin career, 1924 1966|
|1||1||Thesis material, 1925-1966|
|Course and lecture material|
|2||Contemporary trends, 1942-1943|
|3||Economic Institution, 1930-1932|
|4||Economics of War, 1943|
|5||Freshman Forum and Contemporary Trends, 1944-1954|
|6||Labor Law, 1931-1932|
|7||Labor Legislation and Social Security, 1963-1966|
|8||Social Security seminar proposal, 1945|
|9||American Institutions major, 1949-1951|
|10||Integrated Introduction to Social Science, 1944-1945|
|11||Unemployment compensation and public administration, training proposal, 1937-1938|
|12||Wisconsin population, Science study by Agricultural Experiment Station, 1940-1942|
|2||1-3||University Committee, 1951-1954|
|4-6||American Federation of Teachers, Local 223, 1932-1953|
|Speeches and writings
Speeches and radio talks
|8||Government and labor relations, 1937|
|9||Groves memorial, 1969|
|10||Labor legislation, 1926|
|11-12||Progressive campaign speeches, 1934, 1936|
|13||Unemployment reserves, 1931|
|4||1||Women's hours, 1931|
|Articles and books|
|6||1||ca. 1953, Continued|
|3||Book reviews, 1938-1944|
|League of Women Voters|
|5-9||General correspondence, 1948-1956|
|10||Personal correspondence, 1952-1953|
|11||Speeches and talks, 1948 1953|
|Taxation Study Committee|
|Issues and events|
|7||1||Chicago regional economic conference,1948|
|2||Tax fight in Wisconsin Legislature, 1949|
|3||Legislation supported, 1952|
|4||Income tax secrecy, 1952-1953|
|5||Tag kits and short memos, 1952 1953|
|6||Tax questionnaires, 1952-1953|
|7||Railroad taxation, 1952, n.d.|
|8||25% tax ceiling amendment, 1953|
|9||Tax yield work sheets, 1954|
|11||Continuing responsibilities (CR's) of LWV, n.d.|
|12-13||Education, State aid to, 1949-1950, 1956|
|14-15||Equal Rights Amendment, 1931-1951|
|16||Highway taxation, 1947-1949|
|17||Indian rights, 1956|
|18||Non-tag legislation, 1950 1953|
|3-4||Tax Study Group meetings, 1947-1949|
|Governmental committees and commission memberships|
|5||Industry committees, U.S. Dept of Labor, Wage and Hour Division, 1939-1942|
|6||Migratory Labor, Governor's Commission on, 1959 1970|
|7||Wisconsin State Employment Service Advisory Council,1934-1938|
|8-9||Young Workers Advisory Council, U.S. Bureau of Labor Standards, 1951-1958|
|Correspondence and notes
General chronological file
|Correspondence and notes, Continued
|11||1-2||American Federation of Labor, 1925-1926, 1932|
|3||Andrews, John B., 1935-1936|
|4||Brandeis, Louis D., 1914-1941|
|5-6||Child labor, 1933-1937|
|7||Family planning, 1967-1969|
|8-9||Health insurance, 1937 1938, 1971|
|10||Hertz, Hermann, 1941-1942|
|11||Human Rights, Governor's Commission on, 1966|
|12||1||Labor law administration, n.d.|
|2||Migrant Farm Workers Amendment to Social Security,1967-1971|
|5||EB drafts, 1967|
|6||Other state legislation, 1932-1933|
|7||Revisions, 1945 19046|
|8-9||Wisconsin, 1933, 1939|
|10||National Progressives of America, 1938|
|11||National Recovery Administration, 1933-1935|
|12-13||No-fault auto insurance, Saskatchewan, 1957, 1967-1971|
|14||Progressive National Committee for FDR, 1936|
|15||Progressive Party, 1940|
|16||Refugee children bill, 1939|
|17||Rice, Peter, Memorial fund, 1946-1947|
|13||1||Street traders bill, 1937|
|2||General correspondence, 1932-1933|
|3||Chicago, 1923, 1927|
|4||Miscellaneous states, 1932|
|6||Wagner-Lewis bill (and Massachusetts), 1934|
|7||Morton critique of EB position, 1945|
|8||Anniversary luncheon, 1967|
|Women and children's wages and hours|
|3-4||1932 Waupun hearing|
|7||Commons, "Preface," n.d.|
|8||Employment agencies' court cases, 1931|
|9||Farmer attitudes toward labor relations boards, (Student paper), 1939|
|10||"Hogben" lecture notes, 1940|
|11||Married women's names, 1974|
|12||Negative income tax (Robert Lampman), 1965|
|13||Personnel of Wisconsin Industrial Commission, n.d.|
|14||Sex equality and protective laws (Richard Brockel), 1926|
|15||Summer School for Workers, 1936-1939|
|16||Unemployment Compensation merit rating (student paper ?), 1939|
|17||Wage collection memos, n.d.|
|18||Wisconsin governmental reorganization, 1967|
|15||1||Biographical miscellany and income tag forms,
Workmen's compensation brief (Weiss, Harry), 1937
|2||Workmen's compensation opposition, a.d.|
|PAUL A. RAUSHENBUSH|
|4||Resumes and Rauschenbusch genealogical information|
|Photo Lot 3652||Photographs concerning general career activities|
|Becker, Father Joseph|
|4||Experimental College, 1977-1978|
|Speeches and writings|
|5-6||Dissertation drafts and notes|
|7-8||Columbia oral history correspondence and insertions, 1966-1979|
|Our U.C. Story-Edited oral history draft|
|Tape 1250A||Recorded testimonial about Jacob F. Friedrick
August 28, 1974, by Paul A. Raushenbush, particularly concerning-Friedrick's early
advocacy for unemployment compensation legislation
|Unemployment compensation files|
|20||1-7||General correspondence, 1932 1934|
|8||Altmeyer, Arthur, 1933|
|9||American Federation of Labor, 1932
Andrews, John B.
|4||Bills and letters, 1932-1933|
|5||Chronology of unemployment compensation pre 1931|
|6-7||Case unemployment benefit plan, 1931-1933|
|8||Eliot, Thomas, 1934|
|9||Employees covered, 1932|
|10||Employers with ten or more employees, 1932|
|11||Epstein, Abraham, 1933|
|12||Form letters, rules of Unemployment Compensation Dept.,1932-1934|
|13||Guaranteed employment, 1933 1934
Handbook for U.C. Act, 1932
|3-4||Hoar, Roger Sherman, 1932-1934|
|5||Industrial relations counselors memoranda, 1932-1933|
|23||1||Metropolitan Assurance, 1932-1933|
|2||Miscellaneous articles and speeches, 1931-1933|
|3||Miscellaneous material re U.C. Dept., 1932-1934|
|4||Story, H.W., 1933|
|5||Voluntary unemployment compensation plans (A.B.C. and other plans), 1932-1933|
|6||Unemployment compensation bill, 1925|
|7||Wisconsin Manufacturers Association meeting, 1933|
|8||XYZ Voluntary unemployment reserve plan, 1933|
|24||Wagner-Lewis bill, Correspondence and drafts, 1934|