Trends in the Social Security and Supplemental Security Income Disability Programs

 

Chart Descriptions for Entry into and Exit from the Disability Programs section

Table equivalent for Chart 21. Number of awards and terminations for disabled workers, 1970–2003
Year Awards Terminations
1970 350,384 260,444
1971 415,900 266,471
1972 455,400 261,739
1973 491,600 304,792
1974 536,000 320,958
1975 592,049 329,532
1976 551,500 351,504
1977 568,900 401,334
1978 464,400 413,571
1979 416,700 422,503
1980 396,559 408,051
1981 351,847 434,187
1982 297,131 483,847
1983 311,549 453,621
1984 361,998 371,913
1985 408,900 339,984
1986 409,400 341,276
1987 409,600 347,948
1988 412,700 356,143
1989 415,500 351,402
1990 461,800 348,194
1991 513,100 351,303
1992 636,900 361,796
1993 629,700 372,317
1994 613,300 384,590
1995 631,600 399,475
1996 604,000 396,980
1997 561,300 464,984
1998 603,300 409,489
1999 605,800 433,950
2000 610,700 460,351
2001 661,900 459,073
2002 730,383 479,364
2003 755,706 447,485
SOURCES: Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003, Tables 31 and 45; Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin (authors' compilation of missing years).
Table equivalent for Chart 22. Rate of awards for disabled workers per 1,000 disability-insured workers and terminations as a percentage of disabled-worker beneficiaries, 1970–2003
Year Terminations as a
percentage of
disabled-worker
beneficiaries
Awards per
1,000 insured
1970 17.44 4.70
1971 16.17 5.47
1972 14.28 5.85
1973 15.11 6.11
1974 14.35 6.43
1975 13.24 6.94
1976 13.16 6.34
1977 14.16 6.37
1978 14.36 4.96
1979 14.72 4.25
1980 14.26 3.95
1981 15.64 3.43
1982 18.58 2.84
1983 17.66 2.96
1984 14.32 3.38
1985 12.80 3.73
1986 12.51 3.67
1987 12.49 3.61
1988 12.58 3.57
1989 12.14 3.52
1990 11.56 3.85
1991 11.00 4.22
1992 10.43 5.18
1993 9.99 5.06
1994 9.70 4.86
1995 9.54 4.93
1996 9.05 4.64
1997 10.31 4.24
1998 8.72 4.48
1999 8.89 4.43
2000 9.13 4.39
2001 8.70 4.70
2002 8.65 5.11
2003 7.62 5.20
SOURCES: Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003, Tables 1, 31, and 45; Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin (authors' compilation of missing years); Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin, 2004, Table 4.C1.
Table equivalent for Chart 23. Number of awards and terminations for blind and disabled adults and children, 1974–2003
Year Terminations a Awards
1974 . . . 558,050
1975 242,970 571,830
1976 314,083 448,380
1977 279,373 426,920
1978 260,748 370,220
1979 254,822 338,190
1980 238,000 340,000
1981 218,000 287,390
1982 231,000 238,260
1983 201,000 304,770
1984 223,000 368,130
1985 204,000 370,660
1986 239,000 442,620
1987 248,000 421,800
1988 254,000 408,630
1989 259,000 439,640
1990 263,000 523,010
1991 298,000 631,050
1992 375,000 857,380
1993 398,000 866,250
1994 410,000 783,830
1995 448,000 748,630
1996 476,000 670,960
1997 580,000 577,540
1998 460,000 624,840
1999 551,000 633,360
2000 493,000 627,560
2001 478,000 659,490
2002 523,000 702,600
2003 515,000 717,010
SOURCES: SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003, Tables 3 and 47; 2004 Annual Report of the Supplemental Security Income Program, Table IV.B5.
NOTE: . . . = not applicable.
a. SSI benefits that have been suspended for 12 months or longer are referred to as terminations, even though in some cases (for example, workers under section 1619b) eligibility has not been terminated.
Table equivalent for Chart 24. Rate of awards per 1,000 in population aged 0–64 and terminations as a percentage of SSI recipients, 1974–2003
Year Terminations as a
percentage of
SSI recipients a
Awards per
1,000 in
population
1974 . . . 2.79
1975 13.45 2.84
1976 17.08 2.21
1977 14.83 2.09
1978 13.63 1.80
1979 13.38 1.63
1980 12.39 1.63
1981 11.49 1.36
1982 12.51 1.12
1983 10.59 1.42
1984 11.19 1.70
1985 9.68 1.70
1986 10.61 2.01
1987 10.47 1.90
1988 10.33 1.83
1989 10.09 1.95
1990 9.53 2.29
1991 9.81 2.74
1992 10.82 3.68
1993 10.28 3.68
1994 9.82 3.29
1995 10.18 3.11
1996 10.52 2.76
1997 13.06 2.35
1998 10.15 2.52
1999 12.14 2.53
2000 10.74 2.48
2001 10.18 2.58
2002 10.91 2.72
2003 10.48 2.75
SOURCES: SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003, Tables 3 and 47; 2004 Annual Report of the Supplemental Security Income Program, Table IV.B5.
NOTE: The reference population for the award rate is the "Selected Social Security Area Population" of the appropriate age group and includes the population of the United States and several additional areas. See the glossary for a complete definition.
. . . = not applicable.
a. SSI benefits that have been suspended for 12 months or longer are referred to as terminations, even though in some cases (for example, workers under section 1619b) eligibility has not been terminated.
Table equivalent for Chart 25. Number of awards to disabled workers, by sex, 1970–2003 (in thousands)
Year Men Women
1970 258.07 92.31
1971 305.10 110.80
1972 330.01 125.43
1973 350.07 141.55
1974 369.16 166.82
1975 408.53 183.52
1976 381.89 169.57
1977 394.97 173.90
1978 323.48 140.93
1979 288.54 128.17
1980 275.19 121.37
1981 244.98 106.86
1982 207.45 89.68
1983 217.42 94.13
1984 247.83 114.17
1985 274.40 134.50
1986 273.70 135.70
1987 265.90 143.70
1988 265.70 147.00
1989 268.60 146.90
1990 293.30 168.50
1991 322.70 190.40
1992 395.60 241.30
1993 391.80 237.90
1994 379.30 234.00
1995 368.40 263.20
1996 347.10 256.90
1997 311.10 250.20
1998 331.40 271.90
1999 338.90 266.90
2000 329.80 282.40
2001 364.50 304.80
2002 394.74 335.64
2003 408.52 347.19
SOURCES: Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003, Table 35; Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin (authors' compilation of missing years).
Table equivalent for Chart 26. Percentage distribution of awards to disabled workers, by age at entitlement, 1970–2003
Year Under 30 30–39 40–49 50–59 60–64
1970 6.04 7.25 16.72 39.89 30.09
1971 5.69 7.22 16.31 39.99 30.80
1972 5.36 6.92 15.92 40.69 31.12
1973 4.95 6.88 15.47 41.91 30.79
1974 6.23 7.52 15.55 40.81 29.89
1975 7.20 8.20 15.85 40.16 28.58
1976 6.94 8.37 15.60 39.89 29.21
1977 7.11 8.87 15.50 39.92 28.60
1978 7.33 9.16 15.58 39.99 27.94
1979 7.65 9.17 14.75 40.31 28.12
1980 8.02 9.70 14.80 40.07 27.41
1981 8.36 10.20 15.03 39.62 26.80
1982 8.29 10.56 15.20 39.28 26.67
1983 9.35 11.85 15.57 37.39 25.83
1984 8.90 12.90 16.34 36.47 25.40
1985 8.68 13.18 17.48 38.20 22.47
1986 10.14 15.37 18.63 35.78 20.08
1987 8.73 15.71 18.39 36.27 20.90
1988 8.44 15.30 19.07 37.24 19.95
1989 8.38 15.58 20.63 34.88 20.52
1990 10.03 16.69 20.37 34.93 17.97
1991 9.13 17.37 21.86 33.69 17.96
1992 9.15 18.19 22.77 32.19 17.70
1993 8.56 18.38 22.75 34.53 15.77
1994 7.02 17.82 23.68 35.86 15.62
1995 6.87 16.47 23.45 36.77 16.45
1996 6.21 15.72 24.53 37.81 15.74
1997 6.26 15.36 25.19 37.83 15.36
1998 5.89 14.56 24.93 39.70 14.92
1999 5.97 13.75 25.53 39.43 15.32
2000 6.34 13.28 24.52 39.46 16.40
2001 7.68 13.56 23.83 39.36 15.56
2002 7.62 12.49 24.08 40.13 15.67
2003 6.91 12.23 23.98 40.62 16.27
SOURCES: Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003, Table 35; Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin (authors' compilation of missing years).
Table equivalent for Chart 27. Percentage distribution of awards to disabled workers, by diagnostic group, 1982–2003
Year Mental
disorders
Musculoskeletal Circulatory Neoplasms Nervous
system
Endocrine/
nutritional/
metabolic
Respiratory Infectious/
parasitic
Injuries Other
1982 10.60 16.40 24.90 17.10 9.00 4.40 6.60 0.80 5.60 4.60
1983 16.30 13.40 21.90 16.80 8.40 4.80 5.80 2.20 5.00 5.40
1984 17.90 12.80 19.80 16.50 7.90 4.00 5.30 0.90 4.50 10.40
1985 18.20 13.00 19.30 14.60 7.60 4.50 5.40 0.80 4.40 12.20
1986 29.70 13.10 17.60 12.80 7.30 5.10 5.60 0.70 4.00 4.10
1987 19.50 15.30 18.50 13.30 8.50 5.10 5.50 1.10 5.00 8.20
1988 20.90 16.80 17.60 13.20 8.40 3.50 5.60 0.70 5.10 8.20
1989 20.80 16.80 16.50 14.20 8.20 3.40 5.00 0.90 5.10 9.10
1990 22.50 15.90 15.70 14.10 8.10 3.50 4.70 4.70 4.80 6.00
1991 23.50 17.20 14.60 12.90 7.70 3.70 4.40 5.30 4.50 6.20
1992 25.80 15.20 14.10 12.10 7.40 4.70 4.30 6.20 3.90 6.30
1993 26.10 14.80 14.00 12.60 7.20 4.90 4.30 5.90 3.70 6.50
1994 24.80 13.40 13.70 14.10 7.60 5.00 4.90 5.70 3.60 7.20
1995 23.00 22.00 12.90 10.00 7.20 5.20 4.50 4.30 4.30 6.60
1996 21.20 22.90 12.90 10.10 7.40 5.40 4.50 3.70 4.40 7.50
1997 21.00 23.10 13.10 10.60 7.80 5.80 4.50 2.60 4.40 7.10
1998 21.70 23.40 12.80 10.50 7.80 6.00 4.50 2.10 4.30 7.10
1999 22.50 23.70 12.10 10.60 8.00 6.00 4.30 1.90 4.20 6.70
2000 23.50 24.70 12.20 10.90 8.40 3.00 4.40 1.80 4.20 6.80
2001 25.50 24.70 11.90 10.00 8.50 3.10 4.20 1.70 4.10 6.40
2002 25.40 25.60 11.70 9.60 8.60 3.00 4.20 1.50 3.90 6.60
2003 25.40 26.30 11.40 9.40 8.50 3.10 4.20 1.40 3.80 6.40
SOURCE: Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003, Table 36.
NOTES: Unknown diagnoses are excluded from the series.
There was a change in the data series in 1995. Before 1995, the diagnostic data for awards at the appeals level were estimated from the diagnoses of cases allowed at the initial level. Beginning in 1995, all levels of decisions were included in the diagnostic data.
Table equivalent for Chart 28. Number of awards to blind and disabled adults (aged 18–64), by sex, 1976–2003 (in thousands)
Year Men Women
1976 189.45 213.90
1977 179.89 196.06
1978 157.30 165.87
1979 142.82 149.56
1980 144.72 149.02
1981 123.21 125.13
1982 103.23 99.36
1983 133.14 129.52
1984 163.11 159.28
1985 160.84 163.23
1986 194.35 197.25
1987 187.12 186.20
1988 180.79 180.28
1989 197.75 190.37
1990 226.79 220.15
1991 256.25 248.61
1992 324.78 311.52
1993 321.03 309.00
1994 291.45 289.19
1995 282.69 288.39
1996 260.01 266.68
1997 221.44 239.82
1998 232.67 256.57
1999 234.38 259.58
2000 234.92 248.10
2001 244.57 258.02
2002 262.83 270.64
2003 264.01 273.41
SOURCE: SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003, Table 49.
NOTE: Unpublished data for missing time points were obtained from the Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample.
Table equivalent for Chart 29. Percentage distribution of awards to blind and disabled adults (aged 18–64), by age at first receipt, 1976–2003
Year 18–21 22–29 30–39 40–49 50–59 60–64
1976 10.13 11.23 10.95 16.52 33.15 18.02
1977 10.53 11.58 11.87 16.36 32.69 16.98
1978 10.73 12.02 12.37 16.60 32.52 15.77
1979 10.98 12.25 12.97 15.96 32.43 15.41
1980 11.29 12.34 12.97 16.58 32.17 14.65
1981 12.85 12.75 13.44 16.16 31.36 13.43
1982 12.56 13.21 14.39 16.44 30.25 13.13
1983 12.18 14.00 15.24 16.25 28.77 13.55
1984 10.59 14.06 15.58 17.27 29.41 13.08
1985 9.90 13.97 16.17 17.27 28.93 13.76
1986 9.61 15.13 18.38 17.57 26.98 12.34
1987 8.59 13.59 18.55 18.63 27.99 12.66
1988 8.33 12.85 18.73 18.99 28.51 12.59
1989 8.04 12.40 19.27 20.06 27.92 12.30
1990 7.61 11.90 20.42 20.78 27.32 11.97
1991 7.20 11.66 21.30 21.39 26.96 11.49
1992 7.92 12.29 22.38 21.99 25.23 10.18
1993 7.46 12.25 23.07 22.22 25.38 9.61
1994 6.50 11.14 23.06 22.95 26.73 9.63
1995 6.05 10.07 22.35 23.93 27.78 9.83
1996 6.33 9.66 21.86 24.66 28.39 9.09
1997 6.52 9.20 20.81 25.59 29.12 8.75
1998 6.84 9.00 19.88 25.66 29.21 9.40
1999 7.02 8.61 19.34 26.55 29.12 9.35
2000 7.59 8.26 18.69 26.55 29.54 9.38
2001 8.20 8.79 18.06 26.49 29.67 8.78
2002 8.14 8.91 17.24 27.09 29.73 8.90
2003 8.25 9.21 16.98 26.86 30.22 8.48
SOURCE: SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003, Table 49.
NOTE: Unpublished data for missing time points were obtained from the Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample.
Table equivalent for Chart 30. Percentage distribution of awards to blind and disabled adults (aged 18–64), by diagnostic group, 1983–2003
Year Mental
retardation
Other
mental
disorders
Musculoskeletal Circulatory Neoplasms Nervous
system
Endocrine/
nutritional/
metabolic
Respiratory Injuries Infectious/
parasitic
Other
1983 16.31 22.05 8.56 13.42 7.48 11.43 4.51 5.27 4.77 1.14 5.06
1984 16.25 25.95 8.75 13.17 7.03 10.05 4.62 4.62 4.05 1.19 4.32
1985 16.19 26.85 9.07 12.87 6.93 9.07 5.41 4.82 3.60 0.92 4.27
1986 16.60 35.70 7.36 10.91 5.53 7.51 4.89 4.11 3.24 0.74 3.42
1987 14.34 31.93 9.03 11.58 6.11 8.31 5.90 4.21 3.75 1.18 3.65
1988 13.34 28.99 9.94 11.91 6.28 8.36 4.87 4.42 4.05 3.69 4.14
1989 12.36 29.00 11.04 11.25 6.21 8.19 4.99 4.15 4.03 4.42 4.35
1990 11.87 29.62 11.52 10.94 5.76 7.71 5.24 4.02 3.79 5.28 4.24
1991 12.22 30.08 12.04 10.51 5.52 7.20 5.28 3.85 3.57 5.57 4.17
1992 13.41 30.89 11.72 9.84 4.67 6.38 6.17 3.59 3.30 6.38 3.65
1993 13.30 32.78 11.60 9.14 4.66 6.41 6.08 3.44 3.02 5.89 3.68
1994 11.61 32.37 12.07 9.59 5.27 6.53 6.08 3.81 3.27 5.41 4.00
1995 9.82 32.56 13.08 9.71 5.59 6.59 6.15 3.83 3.24 5.29 4.15
1996 9.12 30.62 13.72 9.94 5.94 6.87 6.43 4.21 3.56 5.21 4.38
1997 9.01 29.86 13.88 10.34 6.53 6.67 6.85 4.02 3.49 4.30 5.05
1998 8.41 31.29 14.34 9.85 6.22 7.13 6.63 4.05 3.62 3.62 4.83
1999 8.14 32.25 14.81 9.37 6.03 7.01 6.56 3.87 3.60 3.27 5.09
2000 8.08 33.87 16.13 9.71 6.11 6.92 3.23 3.94 3.70 3.10 5.23
2001 7.73 34.30 16.37 9.82 5.87 7.08 3.27 3.80 3.63 2.73 5.40
2002 7.22 34.57 17.21 9.66 5.66 7.06 3.13 3.79 3.87 2.44 5.38
2003 6.94 34.80 17.55 9.42 5.78 7.12 3.18 3.79 3.47 2.30 5.63
SOURCE: SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003, Table 49.
NOTES: Unpublished data for missing time points were obtained from the Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample.
Unknown diagnoses are excluded from the series.
A change in the data series occurred in 1995. Before 1995, the diagnostic data for awards at the appeals level were estimated from the diagnoses of cases allowed at the initial level. Beginning in 1995, all levels of decisions were included in the diagnostic data.
Table equivalent for Chart 31. Number of awards to disabled children, by sex, 1976–2003 (in thousands)
Year Male Female
1976 25.57 19.46
1977 29.31 21.66
1978 27.46 19.59
1979 26.66 19.15
1980 26.41 19.85
1981 22.12 16.93
1982 20.06 15.61
1983 24.20 17.91
1984 26.67 19.07
1985 27.56 19.03
1986 29.71 21.31
1987 28.22 20.26
1988 28.24 19.32
1989 30.40 21.12
1990 46.16 29.91
1991 80.08 46.11
1992 141.25 79.83
1993 152.69 83.53
1994 130.07 73.12
1995 113.16 64.39
1996 90.11 54.16
1997 71.78 44.50
1998 85.14 50.46
1999 87.83 51.57
2000 90.96 53.58
2001 98.91 57.99
2002 108.54 60.59
2003 116.19 63.40
SOURCE: SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003, Table 48.
NOTE: Unpublished data for missing time points were obtained from the Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample.
Table equivalent for Chart 32. Percentage distribution of awards to disabled children, by age at first receipt, 1976–2003
Year Under 5 5–12 13–17
1976 19.30 43.59 37.11
1977 22.09 42.52 35.39
1978 26.08 40.15 33.77
1979 28.95 40.17 30.89
1980 32.75 38.89 28.36
1981 35.83 35.70 28.48
1982 39.28 37.03 23.69
1983 40.01 37.02 22.96
1984 40.53 36.29 23.17
1985 40.39 36.06 23.55
1986 39.46 36.91 23.64
1987 39.09 38.08 22.83
1988 40.98 38.29 20.73
1989 42.86 38.24 18.91
1990 38.90 40.30 20.80
1991 33.73 44.58 21.69
1992 26.12 48.02 25.86
1993 28.11 48.01 23.88
1994 34.05 45.28 20.67
1995 38.98 42.02 19.00
1996 43.97 39.28 16.75
1997 46.86 38.09 15.05
1998 43.34 41.27 15.39
1999 43.09 41.25 15.66
2000 43.24 41.63 15.13
2001 41.34 42.69 15.97
2002 40.22 42.52 17.26
2003 39.54 43.16 17.30
SOURCE: SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003, Table 48.
NOTE: Unpublished data for missing time points were obtained from the Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample.
Table equivalent for Chart 33. Percentage distribution of awards to disabled children, by diagnostic group, 1983–2003
Year Mental
retardation
Other
mental
disorders
Musculoskeletal Circulatory Neoplasms Nervous
system
Endocrine/
nutritional/
metabolic
Respiratory Infectious/
parasitic
Injuries Congenital
anomalies
Low
birth
weight a
Other
1983 40.70 5.81 1.58 1.34 4.08 24.63 1.53 1.18 0.47 1.45 10.13 0.00 7.10
1984 41.07 6.10 1.34 0.97 4.10 22.17 2.07 1.57 0.46 1.45 10.04 0.00 8.67
1985 42.55 7.00 1.20 1.11 3.97 21.55 1.74 1.81 0.51 1.36 9.32 0.00 7.89
1986 46.16 7.77 1.82 0.93 3.96 22.44 1.27 2.00 0.16 0.87 5.63 0.00 7.00
1987 44.93 8.23 2.17 0.84 4.30 22.35 1.76 1.55 0.26 1.14 5.59 0.00 6.90
1988 44.71 8.50 1.83 0.81 3.90 23.33 1.19 2.16 0.29 1.04 4.98 0.00 7.27
1989 43.58 9.50 1.83 1.06 4.19 22.19 1.65 1.79 0.65 1.24 5.51 0.00 6.81
1990 43.17 14.53 2.02 0.92 2.73 19.35 1.76 2.47 0.67 0.88 4.53 0.00 6.95
1991 41.07 22.99 1.74 0.96 2.19 13.54 1.27 2.57 0.42 1.01 5.60 0.01 6.62
1992 43.30 27.17 1.37 0.68 1.39 10.64 1.16 2.65 0.45 0.79 3.92 0.01 6.46
1993 42.46 31.07 0.96 0.59 1.44 9.02 0.77 2.17 0.37 0.61 3.37 0.03 7.14
1994 37.01 34.18 0.75 0.48 1.78 8.21 0.69 2.63 0.34 0.61 3.56 0.57 9.19
1995 32.59 34.67 0.90 0.64 1.85 8.40 0.78 2.88 0.40 0.57 4.37 1.72 10.22
1996 31.03 31.29 0.96 0.69 2.13 8.99 0.73 3.27 0.35 0.77 5.12 2.76 11.91
1997 27.23 30.10 1.15 0.76 2.29 9.52 0.76 3.83 0.35 1.01 5.48 6.02 11.50
1998 24.70 35.12 1.10 0.63 2.15 8.85 0.77 3.20 0.22 0.79 5.20 8.77 8.51
1999 21.81 39.55 0.90 0.63 1.99 8.11 0.70 3.10 0.27 0.81 4.67 10.16 7.31
2000 19.30 41.30 1.02 0.68 1.87 7.84 0.77 3.24 0.18 0.70 5.05 10.48 7.57
2001 17.40 45.33 1.08 0.51 1.97 7.10 0.60 2.99 0.18 0.72 4.61 10.03 7.47
2002 16.46 48.68 0.89 0.58 1.73 7.12 0.55 2.71 0.21 0.61 4.49 9.56 6.42
2003 14.84 51.80 0.67 0.57 1.61 6.25 0.61 2.44 0.10 0.56 4.67 9.69 6.20
SOURCE: SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003, Table 48.
NOTES: Unpublished data for low birth weight and missing time points were obtained from the Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample.
Unknown diagnoses are excluded from the series. Before 1995, the diagnostic data for awards at the appeals level were estimated from the diagnoses of cases allowed at the initial level. Beginning in 1995, all levels of decisions were included in the diagnostic data.
a. "Low birth weight" is part of the "Other" category but is shown separately here.
Table equivalent for Chart 34. Number of terminations for disabled Social Security beneficiaries, by type of beneficiary, 1970–2003
Year Disabled
workers
Disabled
adult children
Disabled
widow(er)s
1970 260.44 11.80 --
1971 266.47 11.62 --
1972 261.74 13.92 --
1973 304.79 12.45 --
1974 320.96 15.29 --
1975 329.53 15.20 --
1976 351.50 16.10 --
1977 401.33 17.06 --
1978 413.57 17.50 --
1979 422.50 18.60 --
1980 408.05 14.56 --
1981 434.19 15.48 --
1982 483.85 16.44 --
1983 453.62 19.71 --
1984 371.91 19.28 --
1985 339.98 17.02 --
1986 341.28 17.01 --
1987 347.95 17.06 --
1988 356.14 19.48 --
1989 351.40 19.73 --
1990 348.19 20.01 --
1991 351.30 17.72 --
1992 361.80 17.86 --
1993 372.32 18.84 --
1994 384.59 20.03 --
1995 399.48 22.64 --
1996 396.98 23.78 --
1997 464.98 26.21 --
1998 409.49 26.76 --
1999 433.95 29.44 --
2000 460.35 33.30 --
2001 459.07 32.99 21.41
2002 479.36 34.72 21.38
2003 447.49 33.03 20.71
SOURCE: Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003, Table 45.
NOTE: -- = not available.
Table equivalent for Chart 35. Rate of terminations per 1,000 disabled Social Security beneficiaries, by type of beneficiary, 1970–2003
Year Disabled
workers
Disabled
adult children
Disabled
widow(er)s
1970 174 44 --
1971 162 41 --
1972 143 46 --
1973 151 39 --
1974 143 45 --
1975 132 42 --
1976 132 42 --
1977 141 42 --
1978 144 42 --
1979 147 43 --
1980 143 32 --
1981 156 33 --
1982 186 35 --
1983 177 40 --
1984 143 38 --
1985 128 32 --
1986 125 31 --
1987 125 30 --
1988 126 34 --
1989 121 34 --
1990 116 33 --
1991 110 29 --
1992 104 28 --
1993 100 29 --
1994 97 30 --
1995 95 33 --
1996 91 34 --
1997 103 37 --
1998 87 38 --
1999 89 41 --
2000 91 46 --
2001 87 45 105
2002 87 47 103
2003 76 44 99
SOURCE: Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003, Table 45.
NOTE: -- = not available.
Table equivalent for Chart 36. Number of terminations for disabled workers, by reason, 1970–2003
Year Other Death Retirement
conversion
Recovery
1970 10.93 105.80 102.92 40.80
1971 6.59 109.88 107.02 42.98
1972 7.41 108.66 106.27 39.39
1973 7.07 125.58 135.45 36.70
1974 6.68 135.08 142.72 36.48
1975 7.26 139.81 158.30 34.39
1976 7.30 137.89 173.06 50.36
1977 5.75 140.34 190.51 68.31
1978 6.47 144.88 198.36 93.67
1979 3.62 141.92 211.04 99.11
1980 3.24 142.80 203.47 85.13
1981 3.31 135.92 200.08 120.83
1982 2.93 129.29 200.67 169.20
1983 3.32 134.28 195.51 129.78
1984 3.19 133.86 186.96 57.55
1985 3.40 136.71 189.32 23.45
1986 3.39 134.78 189.33 23.88
1987 7.22 136.06 179.82 37.83
1988 9.16 141.38 176.57 38.00
1989 6.46 138.87 180.90 31.40
1990 4.90 141.41 177.33 30.44
1991 5.11 148.69 174.97 26.71
1992 5.11 154.40 178.45 29.85
1993 5.44 163.84 177.62 29.67
1994 5.55 169.67 176.43 35.92
1995 6.57 171.87 185.64 47.28
1996 6.33 167.15 186.43 50.57
1997 5.60 157.95 194.16 105.96
1998 5.97 160.82 191.73 51.53
1999 8.12 165.43 205.08 57.80
2000 10.18 169.00 210.07 69.48
2001 10.26 164.97 213.12 66.78
2002 10.30 180.60 225.67 62.79
2003 9.22 185.21 193.31 58.01
SOURCES: Tim Zayatz, Social Security Disability Insurance Program Worker Experience, Actuarial Studies No. 114 (June 1999) and No. 118 (June 2005) (Washington, DC: Social Security Administration, Office of the Chief Actuary), Table 5; Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin (authors' compilation of missing data).
Table equivalent for Chart 37. Rate of termination per 1,000 disabled-worker beneficiaries, by reason, 1970–2003
Year All terminations Retirement conversion Death Recovery Other
1970 164.20 64.90 66.70 25.70 6.90
1971 155.20 62.30 64.00 25.00 3.80
1972 138.40 56.20 57.50 20.80 3.90
1973 145.90 64.80 60.10 17.60 3.40
1974 139.60 62.10 58.70 15.90 2.90
1975 137.60 64.10 56.60 13.90 2.90
1976 136.80 64.30 51.20 18.70 2.70
1977 140.80 66.20 48.80 23.80 2.00
1978 148.00 66.20 48.40 31.30 2.20
1979 151.30 70.10 47.10 32.90 1.20
1980 145.40 68.10 47.80 28.50 1.10
1981 155.60 67.70 46.00 40.90 1.10
1982 175.90 70.30 45.30 59.30 1.00
1983 169.10 71.40 49.10 47.40 1.20
1984 141.40 69.30 49.60 21.30 1.20
1985 129.30 69.40 50.10 8.60 1.20
1986 125.70 67.70 48.20 8.50 1.20
1987 125.70 62.60 47.40 13.20 2.50
1988 124.60 60.30 48.30 13.00 3.10
1989 119.80 60.60 46.50 10.50 2.20
1990 114.90 57.50 45.90 9.90 1.60
1991 109.90 54.10 45.90 8.30 1.60
1992 106.00 51.40 44.50 8.60 1.50
1993 100.60 47.50 43.80 7.90 1.50
1994 96.90 44.10 42.40 9.00 1.40
1995 96.90 43.70 40.50 11.10 1.50
1996 91.80 41.70 37.40 11.30 1.40
1997 99.50 41.70 33.90 22.70 1.20
1998 85.50 40.00 33.50 10.70 1.20
1999 87.40 41.10 33.10 11.60 1.60
2000 88.60 40.60 32.70 13.40 2.00
2001 84.70 39.70 30.70 12.40 1.90
2002 86.53 40.74 32.60 11.33 1.86
2003 80.01 33.71 35.28 10.07 1.85
SOURCES: Tim Zayatz, Social Security Disability Insurance Program Worker Experience, Actuarial Studies No. 114 (June 1999) and No. 118 (June 2005) (Washington, DC: Social Security Administration, Office of the Chief Actuary), Table 5; Annual Statistical Supplement to the Social Security Bulletin (authors' compilation of missing data).
Table equivalent for Chart 38. Number of terminations for blind and disabled adults and children, 1980–2003
Year Children Adults
(aged 18–64)
1980 22 216
1981 20 198
1982 21 210
1983 21 180
1984 16 207
1985 13 191
1986 21 218
1987 22 226
1988 24 230
1989 22 237
1990 18 245
1991 25 273
1992 42 333
1993 40 358
1994 47 363
1995 54 394
1996 54 422
1997 133 447
1998 73 387
1999 124 427
2000 89 404
2001 70 408
2002 83 440
2003 76 439
SOURCE: 2004 Annual Report of the Supplemental Security Income Program, Table IV.B5.
NOTE: SSI benefits that have been suspended for 12 months or longer are referred to as terminations, even though in come cases (for example, workers under section 1619b) eligibility has not been terminated.
Table equivalent for Chart 39. Rate of termination for blind and disabled adults and children per 1,000 recipients in age group, 1980–2003
Year Children Adults
(aged 18–64)
1980 115.55 124.79
1981 102.62 116.27
1982 109.62 126.87
1983 105.89 105.90
1984 75.62 116.26
1985 57.17 101.64
1986 87.07 108.43
1987 87.68 106.67
1988 94.07 104.42
1989 83.05 102.96
1990 58.33 100.00
1991 62.95 103.35
1992 75.48 114.43
1993 55.35 113.71
1994 55.85 108.84
1995 58.88 113.15
1996 56.53 118.26
1997 151.17 125.50
1998 82.29 106.14
1999 146.39 115.69
2000 105.10 107.91
2001 79.38 107.04
2002 90.73 113.47
2003 79.22 111.05
SOURCES: 2004 Annual Report of the Supplemental Security Income Program, Table IV.B5; SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003, Table 3.
NOTE: SSI benefits that have been suspended for 12 months or longer are referred to as terminations, even though in come cases (for example, workers under section 1619b) eligibility has not been terminated.
Table equivalent for Chart 40. Number of terminations for blind and disabled adults and children, by reason, 1980–2003
Year Children Adults 18–64
Death Other
reason
Death Other
reason
1980 3 19 45 171
1981 3 17 44 154
1982 3 19 40 170
1983 3 18 39 142
1984 3 13 42 165
1985 2 11 45 147
1986 2 18 48 169
1987 3 19 51 174
1988 5 19 53 177
1989 3 19 57 179
1990 4 14 63 182
1991 4 20 68 204
1992 4 39 71 265
1993 6 34 81 276
1994 6 41 82 281
1995 6 47 86 307
1996 7 47 86 336
1997 5 128 77 367
1998 5 67 76 311
1999 5 119 79 347
2000 5 84 81 322
2001 5 65 83 324
2002 5 78 85 355
2003 5 72 88 352
SOURCE: 2004 Annual Report of the Supplemental Security Income Program, Tables IV.B3 and IV.B4.
Table equivalent for Chart 41. Rate of termination for blind and disabled adults and children per 1,000 recipients in age group, by reason, 1980–2003
Year Children Adults 18–64
Death Other
reason
Death Other
reason
1980 15.76 99.79 26.00 98.80
1981 15.39 87.23 25.84 90.43
1982 15.66 99.18 24.17 102.70
1983 15.13 90.76 22.94 83.54
1984 14.18 61.44 23.59 92.67
1985 8.80 48.38 23.95 78.23
1986 8.29 74.63 23.88 84.06
1987 11.96 75.73 24.07 82.13
1988 19.60 74.47 24.06 80.36
1989 11.33 71.73 24.76 77.76
1990 12.96 45.37 25.72 74.29
1991 10.07 50.36 25.74 77.23
1992 7.19 70.08 24.40 91.06
1993 8.30 47.05 25.73 87.66
1994 7.13 48.72 24.59 84.25
1995 6.54 51.25 24.70 88.16
1996 7.33 49.21 24.10 94.16
1997 5.68 145.48 21.62 103.04
1998 5.64 75.53 20.84 85.30
1999 5.90 140.49 21.40 94.01
2000 5.90 99.20 21.63 86.00
2001 5.67 73.71 21.78 85.01
2002 5.47 85.26 21.92 91.55
2003 5.21 75.05 22.26 89.04
SOURCES: 2004 Annual Report of the Supplemental Security Income Program, Tables IV.B3 and IV.B4; SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003, Table 3.
Table equivalent for Chart 42. Percentage distribution of terminations for blind and disabled adults (aged 18–64), by reason, 1988–2003
Year Death Institutionalized Excess
resources
Excess
income
No longer
disabled
All other
reasons
1988 21.57 4.31 2.83 53.89 1.86 15.52
1989 23.11 4.03 2.78 51.70 2.04 16.33
1990 23.50 3.90 2.79 56.67 1.38 11.77
1991 23.31 3.22 2.91 59.92 0.77 9.87
1992 22.45 3.52 2.93 61.67 0.90 8.52
1993 21.74 3.57 2.68 61.97 0.75 9.29
1994 20.98 4.20 3.38 61.05 1.44 8.96
1995 20.70 3.86 2.20 62.43 2.27 8.54
1996 18.65 5.01 2.03 47.68 18.08 8.55
1997 19.42 5.61 2.38 51.92 11.68 8.99
1998 19.87 4.38 2.37 56.65 8.26 8.47
1999 19.75 4.45 2.94 55.62 8.80 8.44
2000 20.37 4.39 2.39 55.00 9.09 8.77
2001 20.01 4.57 2.88 56.04 7.11 9.38
2002 19.76 4.23 2.64 57.08 7.35 8.94
2003 19.40 4.03 2.41 59.55 5.82 8.79
SOURCES: SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003, Table 61; data for earlier years were obtained from the Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 1 percent sample.
Table equivalent for Chart 43. Percentage distribution of terminations for disabled children, by reason, 1988–2003
Year Death Institutionalized Excess
resources
Excess
income
No longer
disabled
All other
reasons
1988 21.07 0.83 4.13 37.60 1.65 34.71
1989 11.79 1.63 3.66 38.21 7.32 37.40
1990 16.52 1.79 2.23 50.45 2.23 26.79
1991 18.49 2.10 7.56 58.40 0.00 13.45
1992 14.08 1.76 6.69 54.93 0.70 21.83
1993 14.29 4.42 11.17 44.68 1.30 24.16
1994 10.68 3.63 13.25 48.50 1.92 22.01
1995 11.98 2.78 7.29 48.09 9.38 20.49
1996 9.39 5.69 7.68 50.92 8.96 17.35
1997 2.91 1.20 2.28 19.95 66.12 7.54
1998 6.57 2.55 3.53 34.91 37.96 14.48
1999 5.24 2.20 5.24 26.28 47.12 13.93
2000 7.98 2.00 4.61 30.05 35.91 19.45
2001 7.46 2.19 8.63 34.21 27.34 20.18
2002 6.86 1.68 6.86 33.57 33.09 17.93
2003 5.81 2.83 7.85 40.19 22.14 21.19
SOURCES: SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003, Table 61; data for earlier years were obtained from the Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 1 percent sample.