Fast Facts & Figures About Social Security, 2013

 
Percentage of aged units receiving income, by source
Source of income 1962 2011
Social Security 69 86
Asset income 54 52
Private pensions 9 27
Government employee pensions 9 15
Earnings 36 28
SOURCES: Data for 1962 are from Social Security Administration, The Aged Population of the United States: The 1963 Social Security Survery of the Aged (1967). Data for 2011 are Social Security Administration calculations from the March 2012 Annual Social and Economic Supplement to the Current Population Survey.
NOTE: An aged unit is a married couple living together or a nonmarried person, which also includes persons who are separated or married but not living together.
Percentage distribution of aggregate income, by source, 1962 and 2011
Income source 1962 2011
Social Security 30 36
Earnings 28 32
Asset income 15 11
Private pensions 3 9
Government employee pensions 6 9
Other 16 3
SOURCES: Data for 1962 are from Social Security Administration, The Aged Population of the United States: The 1963 Social Security Survey of the Aged (1967). Data for 2011 are Social Security Administration calculations from the March 2012 Annual Social and Economic Supplement to the Current Population Survey.
NOTES: The unit of analysis is the aged unit, defined as a married couple living together or a nonmarried person, which also includes persons who are separated or married but not living together.
Totals do not necessarily equal the sum of rounded components.
Poverty status, by marital status, sex of nonmarried persons, race, and Hispanic origin, 2011
Characteristic Percent
poor
Percent
near poor
All persons 8.7 5.8
By marital status
Married 3.9 2.4
Nonmarried men 11.7 8.6
Nonmarried women 16.3 11.0
By race and Hispanic origin
White alone a 7.7 5.2
Black alone a 17.3 11.0
Hispanic 18.7 9.5
SOURCE: Social Security Administration calculations from the March 2012 Annual Social and Economic Supplement to the Current Population Survey.
a. Current Population Survey respondents may identify themselves in more than one racial group. The “white alone” and “black alone” categories reflect respondents who reported only one race.
Percentage of population in the Social Security area fully insured and insured for disability benefits, by sex
Sex 1970 2012
Fully insured
Men 93 90
Women 63 84
Insured for disability a
Men 84 79
Women 41 73
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Office of the Chief Actuary.
NOTES: The population in the Social Security area includes residents of the 50 states and the District of Columbia adjusted for net census undercount; civilian residents of American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands; federal civilian employees and persons in the U.S. armed forces abroad and their dependents; noncitizens living abroad who are insured for Social Security benefits; and all other U.S. citizens abroad.
Figures are subject to revision.
a. Insured for disability excludes those over full retirement age.
New awards to retired and disabled workers (in thousands)
Year Retired workers Disabled workers
1972 1,461.40 455.44
1973 1,493.19 491.62
1974 1,413.15 535.98
1975 1,505.75 592.05
1976 1,475.77 551.46
1977 1,593.63 568.87
1978 1,472.79 464.42
1979 1,590.85 416.71
1980 1,612.67 396.56
1981 1,578.99 351.85
1982 1,618.41 297.13
1983 1,669.74 311.55
1984 1,607.37 362.00
1985 1,690.49 377.37
1986 1,734.25 416.87
1987 1,681.72 415.85
1988 1,654.07 409.49
1989 1,656.74 425.58
1990 1,664.75 467.98
1991 1,695.35 536.43
1992 1,707.95 636.64
1993 1,661.28 635.24
1994 1,625.35 631.87
1995 1,609.17 645.83
1996 1,581.45 624.34
1997 1,718.62 587.42
1998 1,631.51 608.13
1999 1,690.02 620.49
2000 1,960.65 621.65
2001 1,779.23 691.31
2002 1,812.55 750.00
2003 1,791.32 777.46
2004 1,883.06 795.78
2005 2,000.00 830.00
2006 1,999.00 799.00
2007 2,036.00 805.00
2008 2,279.00 877.00
2009 2,740.00 971.00
2010 2,634.00 1,027.00
2011 2,578.00 999.00
2012 2,735.01 960.22
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Master Beneficiary Record, 100 percent data.
Average age of disabled and retired workers, selected years
Year Retired workers Disabled workers
1960 72.4 57.2
1965 72.5 54.7
1970 72.3 54.2
1975 72.3 53.8
1980 72.4 53.2
1985 72.8 52.1
1990 73.1 50.5
1995 73.6 49.8
2000 73.9 50.8
2005 73.9 51.8
2010 73.7 52.8
2012 73.7 53.2
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Master Beneficiary Record, 10 percent sample for 1990–2005 and 100 percent data for all other years.
Women as a percentage of retired worker and disabled worker beneficiaries, selected years
Year Retired workers Disabled workers
1940 11.6 --
1950 17.1 --
1957 -- 19.1
1960 35.3 21.8
1970 42.4 28.4
1980 46.5 32.6
1990 47.7 34.7
2000 48.2 43.3
2010 49.0 47.0
2012 49.0 48.0
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Master Beneficiary Record, 100 percent data.
NOTE: -- = not available.
Number and average monthly benefit for children receiving OASDI, by type of beneficiary, December 2012
Type of beneficiary Number
(thousands)
Average
monthly
benefit
(dollars)
Children of retired workers 342 607
Children of disabled workers 1,788 328
Children of deceased workers 1,283 796
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Master Beneficiary Record, 100 percent data.
Persons receiving federally administered SSI payments, December (in millions)
Year Total Under 18 18–64 65 or older
1974 4.0 0.1 1.5 2.4
1975 4.3 0.1 1.7 2.5
1976 4.2 0.1 1.7 2.4
1977 4.2 0.1 1.7 2.4
1978 4.2 0.2 1.7 2.3
1979 4.1 0.2 1.7 2.2
1980 4.1 0.2 1.7 2.2
1981 4.0 0.2 1.7 2.1
1982 3.9 0.2 1.7 2.0
1983 3.9 0.2 1.7 2.0
1984 4.0 0.2 1.8 2.0
1985 4.1 0.2 1.9 2.0
1986 4.3 0.2 2.0 2.0
1987 4.4 0.3 2.1 2.0
1988 4.5 0.3 2.2 2.0
1989 4.6 0.3 2.3 2.0
1990 4.8 0.3 2.4 2.1
1991 5.1 0.4 2.6 2.1
1992 5.6 0.6 2.9 2.1
1993 6.0 0.7 3.1 2.1
1994 6.3 0.8 3.3 2.1
1995 6.5 0.9 3.5 2.1
1996 6.6 1.0 3.6 2.1
1997 6.5 0.9 3.6 2.1
1998 6.6 0.9 3.6 2.0
1999 6.6 0.8 3.7 2.0
2000 6.6 0.8 3.7 2.0
2001 6.7 0.9 3.8 2.0
2002 6.8 0.9 3.9 2.0
2003 6.9 1.0 4.0 2.0
2004 7.0 1.0 4.0 2.0
2005 7.1 1.0 4.1 2.0
2006 7.2 1.1 4.2 2.0
2007 7.4 1.1 4.2 2.0
2008 7.5 1.2 4.3 2.0
2009 7.7 1.2 4.5 2.0
2010 7.9 1.2 4.6 2.0
2011 8.1 1.3 4.8 2.1
2012 8.3 1.3 4.9 2.1
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
Percentage distribution of SSI recipients, by age, December
Year Under 18 18–64 65 or older
1974 1.8 37.6 60.6
1975 2.5 39.4 58.1
1976 3.0 40.5 56.6
1977 3.5 41.0 55.5
1978 3.9 41.4 54.6
1979 4.3 41.6 54.1
1980 4.6 41.8 53.6
1981 4.8 42.4 52.8
1982 5.0 42.9 52.1
1983 5.1 43.6 51.3
1984 5.3 44.2 50.6
1985 5.5 45.4 49.1
1986 5.6 47.1 47.3
1987 5.7 48.3 46.0
1988 5.7 49.3 44.9
1989 5.8 50.1 44.1
1990 6.4 50.9 42.7
1991 7.8 51.6 40.6
1992 10.0 52.3 37.7
1993 12.1 52.6 35.3
1994 13.4 53.0 33.7
1995 14.1 53.5 32.5
1996 14.4 54.0 31.6
1997 13.5 54.8 31.6
1998 13.5 55.5 31.0
1999 12.9 56.3 30.8
2000 12.8 56.7 30.5
2001 13.2 57.0 29.8
2002 13.5 57.1 29.4
2003 13.9 57.3 28.8
2004 14.2 57.5 28.3
2005 14.6 57.4 28.0
2006 14.9 57.4 27.7
2007 15.2 57.4 27.4
2008 15.3 57.6 27.0
2009 15.6 58.0 26.4
2010 15.7 58.5 25.8
2011 15.7 58.9 25.4
2012 15.9 58.9 25.2
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
Percentage distribution of SSI recipients by sex, by age, December 2012
Age Men Women
All ages 46 54
Under 18 67 33
18–64 46 54
65 or older 33 67
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
Percentage of SSI recipients with other income, by source and age, December 2012
Age OASDI Other
unearned
income
Earnings
All ages 33.5 10.1 3.2
Under 18 7.6 20.2 0.2
18–64 30.8 6.9 4.8
65 or older 56.3 11.3 1.3
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
Number of children under age 18 receiving SSI, and average monthly SSI payment to children under age 18
Year Number of children receiving SSI (in thousands) Average monthly SSI payment (in percent) a
1974 70.90 109.15
1975 107.03 141.09
1976 125.41 154.24
1977 147.36 170.03
1978 165.90 171.72
1979 177.31 193.26
1980 190.39 219.08
1981 194.89 240.84
1982 191.57 263.22
1983 198.32 280.96
1984 211.59 292.86
1985 227.38 301.26
1986 241.20 321.34
1987 250.90 327.27
1988 255.14 343.24
1989 264.89 357.64
1990 308.59 403.72
1991 397.16 446.05
1992 556.47 610.98
1993 722.68 460.54
1994 841.47 448.07
1995 917.05 447.57
1996 955.17 442.01
1997 879.83 433.83
1998 887.07 441.75
1999 847.06 450.13
2000 846.78 463.05
2001 881.84 476.09
2002 914.82 487.73
2003 959.38 490.63
2004 993.13 505.98
2005 1,036.50 522.80
2006 1,079.00 542.00
2007 1,121.00 555.00
2008 1,153.80 561.00
2009 1,199.79 593.00
2010 1,239.30 597.00
2011 1,277.00 601.00
2012 1,311.86 621.00
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
NOTE: SSI = Supplemental Security Income.
a. As of 1998, these figures exclude retroactive payments.