Social Security Programs Throughout the World: Asia and the Pacific, 2012

 

Marshall Islands

Exchange rate: Currency is the US dollar (US$).

Old Age, Disability, and Survivors

Regulatory Framework

First law: 1967.

Current law: 1990 (social security).

Type of program: Social insurance system.

Coverage

Gainfully employed persons, including self-employed persons.

Exclusions: Certain casual workers.

Source of Funds

Insured person: 7% of earnings.

The maximum earnings used to calculate contributions are US$5,000 a quarter.

Self-employed person: 14% of 75% of gross income.

The maximum earnings used to calculate contributions are US$5,000 a quarter.

Employer: 7% of payroll; small business employers contribute 14% of twice the salary of the highest-paid employee.

The maximum earnings used to calculate contributions are US$5,000 a quarter.

Government: None; contributes as an employer.

Qualifying Conditions

Old-age pension: Age 60 with one quarter of coverage for each year after June 30, 1968 (or since age 21, if younger than age 21 on June 30, 1968).

A minimum pension is paid with at least 12 quarters of coverage.

Early pension: Age 55 with at least 80 quarters of coverage.

Deferred pension: The pension may be deferred.

Disability pension: Must have an incapacity for usual work and at least one quarter of coverage for each year after June 30, 1968 (or since age 21, if younger than age 21 on June 30, 1968), with at least 12 quarters of coverage including at least six quarters of coverage in the last 40 quarters before the disability began.

Survivor pension: The deceased had one quarter of coverage for each year after June 30, 1968 (or since age 21, if younger than age 21 on June 30, 1968), or at least six quarters of coverage in the 40 quarters before death.

Eligible survivors include a widow(er) of any age and orphans younger than age 18 (age 22 if a full-time student, no limit if disabled before age 22).

Income test: The pension is reduced by US$1 for each US$3 of earnings above US$1,500 a quarter for pensioners who are younger than age 62.

Benefits are normally payable abroad to noncitizens for six months; may be paid for longer under a reciprocal agreement.

Lump-sum survivor benefit: Paid when all eligible survivors no longer qualify for survivor benefits as a result of death, remarriage, or age.

Old-Age Benefits

Old-age pension: 8.3% of the sum of 2% of indexed covered earnings plus 14.5% of the first US$11,000 of cumulative covered earnings plus 0.7% of cumulative covered earnings from US$11,001 to US$44,000 is paid.

The minimum old-age pension is US$128.99 a month.

Early pension: The pension is reduced by 0.5% for each month the pension is taken before age 60.

Deferred pension: The pension is increased by 0.5% for each month the pension is deferred after age 60.

Permanent Disability Benefits

Disability pension: 8.3% of the sum of 2% of indexed covered earnings plus 14.5% of the first US$11,000 of cumulative covered earnings plus 0.7% of cumulative covered earnings from US$11,001 to US$44,000 is paid.

The minimum disability pension is US$128.99 a month.

Survivor Benefits

Survivor pension: 8.3% of the sum of 2% of the insured's indexed earnings plus 14.5% of the first US$11,000 of cumulative covered earnings plus 0.7% of cumulative covered earnings from US$11,001 to US$44,000 is paid.

The minimum survivor pension is US$128.99 a month.

Orphan's pension: 25% of the old-age or disability pension the deceased received or was eligible to receive is paid to each eligible orphan.

The minimum survivor pension is US$128.99 a month.

The maximum survivor pension is 100% of the deceased's pension.

Lump-sum survivor benefit: A lump sum is paid of 4% of cumulative covered earnings minus the sum of all survivor benefits already paid.

Administrative Organization

Marshall Islands Social Security Administration (http://www.rmimissa.org) administers the program.

Sickness and Maternity

Regulatory Framework

First law: 1991 (health fund).

Current law: 2002 (health fund administration).

Type of program: Social insurance program. Medical benefits only.

Coverage

Gainfully employed persons, including self-employed persons.

Exclusions: Certain casual workers.

Source of Funds

Insured person: 3.5% of earnings.

The maximum earnings used to calculate contributions are US$5,000 a quarter.

Self-employed person: 10% of 75% of gross income.

The maximum earnings used to calculate contributions are US$5,000 a quarter.

Employer: 3.5% of payroll; small business employers contribute 10% of twice the salary of the highest-paid employee.

The maximum earnings used to calculate contributions are US$5,000 a quarter.

Government: None; contributes as an employer.

Qualifying Conditions

Cash sickness and maternity benefits: No cash benefits are provided.

Medical benefits: There is no minimum qualifying period.

Sickness and Maternity Benefits

Sickness benefits: No cash benefits are provided.

Maternity benefits: No cash benefits are provided.

Workers' Medical Benefits

General medical services are delivered through a public hospital and a private clinic in Majuro and through a public hospital in Ebeye.

Dependents' Medical Benefits

Medical benefits for dependents: No information is available.

Administrative Organization

Ministry of Health Services administers the Social Security Health Fund.

Marshall Islands Social Security Administration (http://www.rmimissa.org) is responsible for the collection of contributions for the Social Security Health Fund.