Selected Bibliography of the Social Security Administration's Research on Disability Issues

 
Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 66 No. 3, 2005/2006

The Social Security Disability Insurance program was established in 1956. This selected bibliography highlights the research and statistical work that the Social Security Administration (SSA) has done on the subject of disability. It focuses on articles that have appeared in the Social Security Bulletin since 1956 and earlier Bulletin articles about events leading up to the program's establishment. The bibliography also includes ORES Working Papers and disability-related research done by the Center for Retirement Research at Boston College and the Michigan Retirement Research Center at the University of Michigan funded through grants from SSA.


The bibliography was compiled by John R. Kearney, Concepcion McNeace, Karen Morris, L. Scott Muller, Anthony Nathe, Nicole Pascua, and Karyn Tucker. All are with the Office of Research, Evaluation, and Statistics, Office of Policy, Social Security Administration.

Availability of Publications

Articles that appeared in the Social Security Bulletin from 1999 to the present are available at http://www.socialsecurity.gov/policy/docs/ssb. For information about the availability of printed copies or copies of articles issued before 1999, please e-mail op.publications@ssa.gov. Copies of the Bulletin are also available from depository libraries.

Papers from the Center for Retirement Research at Boston College are available at http://crr.bc.edu or by e-mail from crr@bc.edu.

Papers from the Retirement Research Center at the University of Michigan are available at http://www.mrrc.isr.umich.edu or by e-mail from mrrc@isr.umich.edu.

For information about the availability of all other publications included in the bibliography, please e-mail op.publications@ssa.gov.

Adler, Michele C., Robert F. Clark, Theresa J. DeMaio, Louisa F. Miller, and Arlene F. Saluter. 1999. "Collecting Information on Disability in the 2000 Census: An Example of Interagency Cooperation." Social Security Bulletin 62(4): 21–30.

Allan, Kathryn H. 1976. "First Findings of the 1972 Survey of the Disabled: General Characteristics." Social Security Bulletin 39(10): 18–37.

Allan, Kathryn H., and Mildred E. Cinsky. 1972. "General Characteristics of the Disabled Population." Social Security Bulletin 35(8): 24–37.

Altmeyer, Arthur J. 1949. "Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance." Social Security Bulletin 12(4): 3–15.

———. 1941. "Social Insurance for Permanently Disabled Workers." Social Security Bulletin 4(3): 3–10.

Autor, David H., and Mark G. Duggan. 2001. The Rise in Disability Recipiency and the Decline in Unemployment. CRR Working Paper No. 2002-07. Chestnut Hill, MA: Center for Retirement Research, Boston College (September).

Balkus, Richard, and Susan Wilschke. 2003. Treatment of Married Couples in the SSI Program. Issue Paper No. 2003-01. Washington, DC: Social Security Administration, Office of Policy, Office of Disability and Income Assistance Policy (December).

Barth, Peter. 2003/2004. "Compensating Workers for Permanent Partial Disabilities." Social Security Bulletin 65(4): 16–23.

Bound, John, Richard V. Burkhauser, and Austin Nichols. 2001. Tracking the Household Income of SSDI and SSI Applicants. MRRC Working Paper No. 2001-009. Ann Arbor: Michigan Retirement Research Center, University of Michigan (May).

Bound, John, Todd R. Stinebrickner, and Timothy Waidman. 2004. Using a Structural Retirement Model to Simulate the Effect of Changes to the OASDI and Medicare Programs. MRRC Working Paper No. 2004-091. Ann Arbor: Michigan Retirement Research Center, University of Michigan (October).

Bound, John, Julie Berry Cullen, Austin Nichols, and Lucie Schmidt. 2002. The Welfare Implications of Increasing DI Benefit Generosity. MRRC Working Paper No. 2002-024. Ann Arbor: Michigan Retirement Research Center, University of Michigan (July).

Brehm, Henry P. 1970. "The Disabled on Public Assistance." Social Security Bulletin 33(10): 26–30.

Brehm, Henry P., and Robert H. Cormier. 1970. "Medical Care Costs of the Disabled." Social Security Bulletin 33(7): 21–29, 53.

Buchanan, Hammett. 1961. "Disability Insurance Benefits in Current-Payment Status, by State, December 31, 1960." Social Security Bulletin 24(9): 30–31.

Burkhauser, Richard V., and John H. Cawley. 2005. Obesity, Disability, and Movement onto the Disability Insurance Rolls. MRRC Working Paper No. 2005-073. Ann Arbor: Michigan Retirement Research Center, University of Michigan (October).

Burkhauser, Richard V., and Mathis Schröder. 2004. A Cross-National Comparison of the Employment for Men with Disabilities: The United States and Germany in the 1980s and 1990s. MRRC Working Paper No. 2004-071. Ann Arbor: Michigan Retirement Research Center, University of Michigan (January).

Burkhauser, Richard V., J.S. Butler, and Robert R. Weathers II. 2001/2002. "How Policy Variables Influence the Timing of Applications for Social Security Disability Insurance." Social Security Bulletin 64(1): 52–83.

Bye, Barry V., and Gerald F. Riley. 1989. "Eliminating the Medicare Waiting Period for Social Security Disabled-Worker Beneficiaries." Social Security Bulletin 52(5): 2–15.

Bye, Barry V., Gerald F. Riley, and James Lubitz. 1987. "Medicare Utilization by Disabled-Worker Beneficiaries: A Longitudinal Analysis." Social Security Bulletin 50(12): 13–28.

Bye, Barry V., Janice M. Dykacz, John C. Hennessey, and Gerald F. Riley. 1991. "Medicare Costs Prior to Retirement for Disabled-Worker Beneficiaries." Social Security Bulletin 54(4): 2–23.

Cinsky, Mildred, and Gertrude Stanley. 1969. "Medical Care and Health Insurance Coverage: Their Use by Disabled Adults." Social Security Bulletin 32(6): 12–18.

Cohen, Lee, C. Eugene Steuerle, and Adam Carasso. 2002. The Effects of Disability Insurance on Redistribution Within Social Security by Gender, Education, Race, and Income. Research report prepared for the Fourth Annual Joint Conference for the Retirement Research Consortium, "Directions for Social Security Reform." Washington, DC (May).

Collins, Katharine P., and Anne Erfle. 1985. "Social Security Disability Benefits Reform Act of 1984: Legislative History and Summary of Provisions. Social Security Bulletin 48(4): 5–32.

Copeland, Lois S. 1979. "Mandatory Employment of the Handicapped." Social Security Bulletin 42(2): 23–26.

———. 1981. "International Trends in Disability Program Growth." Social Security Bulletin 44(10): 25–36, 6.

Dales, Sophie R. 1957. "Disability Insurance Trust Fund, January–June 1957." Social Security Bulletin 20(9): 14, 17.

Davies, Paul S., and Melissa M. Favreault. 2004. Interactions Between Social Security Reform and the Supplemental Security Income Program for the Aged. CRR Working Paper No. 2004-02. Chestnut Hill, MA: Center for Retirement Research, Boston College (February).

Davies, Paul S., and Michael J. Greenwood. 2004. Welfare Reform and Immigrant Participation in the Supplemental Security Income Program. MRRC Working Paper No. 2004-087. Ann Arbor: Michigan Retirement Research Center, University of Michigan (September).

Davies, Paul S., Howard M. Iams, and Kalman Rupp. 2000. "The Effect of Welfare Reform on SSA's Disability Programs: Design of Policy Evaluation and Early Evidence." Social Security Bulletin 63(1): 3–11.

Davies, Paul S., Kalman Rupp, and Alexander Strand. 2004. "The Potential of the SSI Program to Fight Poverty Among the Poorest Elderly." Journal of Aging and Social Policy 16(1): 21–42.

Department of Health and Human Services. Social Security Administration. 1986. "Implementation and Analysis of Public Law 98-460—Section 1619 (The Social Security Disability Benefits Reform Act of 1984)." Social Security Bulletin 49(11): 11–45.

Department of Health and Human Services. Social Security Administration. Disability Advisory Council. 1988. "Report of the Disability Advisory Council: Executive Summary." Social Security Bulletin 51(9): 13–17.

DeWitt, Larry. 1997. "The Civilian War Benefits Program: SSA's First Disability Program." Social Security Bulletin 60(2): 68–76.

Dwyer, Debra, Jianting Hu, Denton R. Vaughan, and Bernard Wixon. 2001. Counting the Disabled: Using Survey Self-Reports to Estimate Medical Eligibility for Social Security's Disability Programs. ORES Working Paper No. 90. Washington, DC: Social Security Administration, Office of Policy, Office of Research, Evaluation, and Statistics (January).

Dykacz, Janice M. 1998. "Return of Disabled-Worker Beneficiaries to the DI Program: Some Insights from the New Beneficiary Followup." Social Security Bulletin 61(2): 3–11.

Dykacz, Janice M., and John C. Hennessey. 1989. "Postrecovery Experience of Disabled-Worker Beneficiaries." Social Security Bulletin 52(9): 42–66.

Falk, I.S., and B.S. Sanders. 1941. "Prevalence of Disability in the United States with Special Reference to Disability Insurance." Social Security Bulletin 4(1): 2–8.

Favreault, Melissa M. 2000. Forecasting Incidence of Work Limitations, Disability Insurance Receipt, and Mortality in Dynamic Simulation Models Using Social Security Administrative Records: A Research Note. CRR Working Paper No. 2002-09. Chestnut Hill, MA: Center for Retirement Research, Boston College (December).

Favreault, Melissa M., and Douglas A. Wolf. 2004. Living Arrangements and Supplemental Security Income Receipt Among the Aged. CRR Working Paper No. 2004-03. Chestnut Hill, MA: Center for Retirement Research, Boston College (February).

Ferron, Donald T. 1995. "Diagnostic Trends of Disabled Social Security Beneficiaries, 1986–93." Social Security Bulletin 58(3): 15–31.

Frank, Donald S. 1963. "Disabled Workers and Rehabilitation Services." Social Security Bulletin 26(6): 3–6.

Franklin, Paula A. 1974. "Earnings of Disabled-Worker Beneficiaries." Social Security Bulletin 37(6): 18–23.

———. 1975. "The Disabled Widow." Social Security Bulletin 38(1): 20–27.

———. 1976. "Impact of Substantial Gainful Activity Level on Disabled Beneficiary Work Patterns." Social Security Bulletin 39(8): 20–29.

———. 1977. "Impact of Disability on the Family Structure." Social Security Bulletin 40(5): 3–18.

Franklin, Paula A., and John C. Hennessey. 1979. "Effect of Substantial Gainful Activity Level on Disabled Beneficiary Work Patterns." Social Security Bulletin 42(3): 3–17.

Frohlich, Philip. 1967. "Disability Insurance and Aid to the Blind." Social Security Bulletin 30(8): 15–18.

———. 1971. "Who Are the Disabled in Institutions?" Social Security Bulletin 34(10): 3–10.

———. 1975. "Income of the Newly Disabled: Survey of Recently Disabled Adults." Social Security Bulletin 38(9): 3–18.

Frohlich, Philip, and Lawrence D. Haber. 1966. "Disability Insurance and Public Assistance: A Study of APTD Recipients." Social Security Bulletin 29(8): 3–9.

General Accounting Office. 2002. Social Security Administration: Agency Must Position Itself Now to Meet Profound Challenges. Testimony before the House of Representatives, Committee on Ways and Means, Subcommittee on Social Security. GAO-02-289T. Washington, DC: GAO.

———. 2002. Supplemental Security Income: Progress Made in Detecting and Recovering Overpayments, but Management Attention Should Continue. Report to the Commissioner of Social Security. GAO-02-849. Washington, DC: GAO.

Glik, Edward E., and Aaron Krute. 1962. "Disability Filing Rates and Denial Rates." Social Security Bulletin 25(7): 15–19.

Goff, Phoebe H. 1959. "Characteristics of Applicants for Childhood Disability Benefits, 1957." Social Security Bulletin 22(8): 14–16.

———. 1963. "Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance: Characteristics of Beneficiaries Disabled Since Childhood, 1957–61." Social Security Bulletin 26(8): 4–10.

———. 1967. "Childhood Disability Beneficiaries, 1957–64: Characteristics and Geographic Distribution." Social Security Bulletin 30(2): 14–23.

———. 1971. "Disabled Beneficiary Population, 1957–66." Social Security Bulletin 34(7): 32–42.

———. 1973. "Disabled-Worker Beneficiaries Under OASDHI: Regional and State Patterns." Social Security Bulletin 36(9): 3–23.

Greenblum, Joseph. 1975. "Evaluating Vocational Rehabilitation Programs for the Disabled: National Long-Term Follow-up Study." Social Security Bulletin 38(10): 3–12.

———. 1977. "Effect of Vocational Rehabilitation on Employment and Earnings of the Disabled: State Variations." Social Security Bulletin 40(12): 3–16.

———. 1979. "Effect of Rehabilitation on Employment and Earnings of the Disabled: Sociodemographic Factors." Social Security Bulletin 42(8): 11–37.

Greenblum, Joseph, and Barry Bye. 1987. "Work Values of Disabled Beneficiaries." Social Security Bulletin 50(4): 67–74.

Gruber, Jonathan, and Jeffrey Kubik. 2002. Health Insurance Coverage and the Disability Insurance Application Decision. CRR Working Paper No. 2002-04. Chestnut Hill, MA: Center for Retirement Research, Boston College (September).

Haber, Lawrence D. 1967. "Identifying the Disabled: Concepts and Methods in the Measurement of Disability." Social Security Bulletin 30(12): 17–34.

———. 1968. "Disability, Work, and Income Maintenance: Prevalence of Disability, 1966." Social Security Bulletin 31(5): 14–23.

———. 1988. "Identifying the Disabled: Concepts and Methods in the Measurement of Disability." Social Security Bulletin 51(5): 11–28.

Hannsgen, Greg P., and Steven H. Sandell. 1996. "Deeming Rules and the Increase in the Number of Children with Disabilities Receiving SSI: Evaluating the Effects of a Regulatory Change." Social Security Bulletin 59(1): 43–51.

Hennessey, John C. 1996. "Job Patterns of Disabled Beneficiaries." Social Security Bulletin 59(4): 3–11.

———. 1997. "Factors Affecting the Work Efforts of Disabled-Worker Beneficiaries." Social Security Bulletin 60(3): 3–20.

Hennessey, John C., and Janice M. Dykacz. 1989. "Projected Outcomes and Length of Time in the Disability Insurance Program." Social Security Bulletin 52(9): 2–41.

———. 1992. "Comparison of Individual Characteristics and Death Rates of Disabled-Worker Beneficiaries Entitled in 1972 and 1985." Social Security Bulletin 55(3): 24–40.

———. 1993. "A Comparison of the Recovery Termination Rates of Disabled-Worker Beneficiaries Entitled in 1972 and 1985." Social Security Bulletin 56(2): 58–69.

Hennessey, John C., and L. Scott Muller. 1994. "Work Efforts of Disabled-Worker Beneficiaries: Preliminary Findings from the New Beneficiary Followup Survey." Social Security Bulletin 57(3): 42–51.

———. 1995. "The Effect of Vocational Rehabilitation and Work Incentives on Helping the Disabled-Worker Beneficiary Back to Work." Social Security Bulletin 58(1): 15–28.

Hess, Arthur E. 1957. "Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance: Early Problems and Operations of the Disability Provisions." Social Security Bulletin 20(12): 11–21.

———. 1962. "Five Years of Disability Insurance Benefits: A Progress Report." Social Security Bulletin 25(7): 3–14.

Hooker, Michael, and Aaron Krute. 1977. "Disabled-Worker Beneficiaries Under OASDI: Comparison with Severely Disabled PA Recipients." Social Security Bulletin 40(8): 15–22.

Iams, Howard M. 1986. "Characteristics of the Longest Job for New Disabled Workers: Findings from the New Beneficiary Survey." Social Security Bulletin 49(12): 13–18.

Irick, Christine. 1986. "An Overview of OASDI Revenue, Expenditures, and Beneficiaries, 1974–85." Social Security Bulletin 49(6): 21–28.

James, Estelle, and Augusto Iglesias. 2006. How to Integrate Disability Benefits into an Individual Account System: The Chilean Model. MRRC Working Paper No. 2006-111. Ann Arbor: Michigan Retirement Research Center, University of Michigan (February).

Jianting Hu, Kajal Lahiri, Denton R. Vaughan, and Bernard Wixon. 1997. A Structural Model of Social Security's Disability Determination Process. ORES Working Paper No. 72. Washington, DC: Social Security Administration, Office of Policy, Office of Research, Evaluation, and Statistics (August).

Johnson, Richard W., and Favreault, Melissa M. 2001. Retiring Together or Working Alone: The Impact of Spousal Employment and Disability on Retirement Decisions. CRR Working Paper No. 2001-01. Chestnut Hill, MA: Center for Retirement Research, Boston College (March).

Karoly, Lynn A., and Paul S. Davies. 2004. The Impact of the 1996 SSI Childhood Disability Reforms: Evidence from Matched SIPP-SSA Data. MRRC Working Paper No. 2004-079. Ann Arbor: Michigan Retirement Research Center, University of Michigan (June).

Kearney, John R. 1997. "The Work Incapacity and Reintegration Study: Results of the Initial Survey Conducted in the United States." Social Security Bulletin 60(3): 21–32.

Kearney, John R., Herman F. Grundmann, and Salvatore J. Gallicchio. 1995. "The Influence of OASDI and SSI Payments on the Poverty Status of Families with Children." Social Security Bulletin 58(3): 3–14.

Kingson, Eric R., Margaret Morse, and Gary Calhoun. 2003. The Evolution of Social Security Disabled Widow(er)s' Benefits. CRR Working Paper No. 2003-09, Chestnut Hill, MA: Center for Retirement Research, Boston College (May).

Kochhar, Satya. 1979. "Blind and Disabled Persons Awarded Federally Administered SSI Payments, 1975." Social Security Bulletin 42(6): 13–23.

———. 1991. "Development of Diagnostic Data in the 10-Percent Sample of Disabled SSI Recipients." Social Security Bulletin 54(7): 10–26.

Kochhar, Satya, and Charles G. Scott. 1995. "Disability Patterns Among SSI Recipients." Social Security Bulletin 58(1): 3–14.

Kornfeld, Robert, and Kalman Rupp. 2000. "The Net Effects of the Project NetWork Return-to-Work Case Management Experiment of Participant Earnings, Benefit Receipt, and Other Outcomes." Social Security Bulletin 63(1): 12–33.

Kreider, Brent, and John V. Pepper. 2002. Disability and Employment: Reevaluating the Evidence in Light of Reporting Errors. CRR Working Paper No. 2002-06. Chestnut Hill, MA: Center for Retirement Research, Boston College (September).

Krislov, Joseph. 1964. "Definition of Disability in Private Pension Plans." Social Security Bulletin 27(5): 13–19.

Krute, Aaron, and Mary Ellen Burdette. 1978. "1972 Survey of Disabled and Nondisabled Adults: Chronic Disease, Injury, and Work Disability." Social Security Bulletin 41(4): 3–17.

Lahiri, Kajal, Denton R. Vaughan, and Bernard Wixon. 1995. "Modeling SSA's Sequential Disability Determination Process Using Matched SIPP Data." Social Security Bulletin 58(4): 3–42.

Lando, Mordechai E. 1976. "Demographic Characteristics of Disability Applicants: Relationship to Allowances." Social Security Bulletin 39(5): 15–23.

———. 1979. "Prevalence of Work Disability by State, 1976." Social Security Bulletin 42(5): 41–44.

Lando, Mordechai E., and Aaron Krute. 1976. "Disability Insurance: Program Issues and Research." Social Security Bulletin 39(10): 3–17.

Lando, Mordechai E., Alice V. Farley, and Mary A. Brown. 1982. "Recent Trends in the Social Security Disability Insurance Program." Social Security Bulletin 45(8): 3–14.

Lando, Mordechai E., Malcolm B. Coate, and Ruth Kraus. 1979. "Disability Benefit Applications and the Economy." Social Security Bulletin 42(10): 3–10.

Leimer, Dean R. 1998. "Historical Redistribution Under the Social Security Disability Insurance Program." Social Security Bulletin 61(3): 3–19.

———. 1998. Historical Redistribution Under the Social Security Disability Insurance Program. ORES Working Paper No. 77. Washington, DC: Social Security Administration, Office of Policy, Office of Research, Evaluation, and Statistics (July).

———. 2004. Historical Redistribution Under the Social Security Old-Age, Survivors Insurance, and Disability Insurance Programs. ORES Working Paper No. 102. Washington, DC: Social Security Administration, Office of Policy, Office of Research, Evaluation, and Statistics (February).

Leiter, Valerie, Michelle L. Wood, and Stephen H. Bell. 1997. "Case Management at Work for SSA Disability Beneficiaries: Process Results of the Project NetWork Return-to-Work Demonstration." Social Security Bulletin 60(1): 29–48.

Levenson, Barbara, and Aaron Krute. 1964. "Delayed Filing for Disability Benefits Under the Social Security Act." Social Security Bulletin 27(10): 15–24.

Levy, Jesse M. 1980. "Demographic Factors in the Disability Determination Process: A Logistic Approach." Social Security Bulletin 43(3): 11–16.

Lewin Group. 2002. Evaluation Design for the Ticket to Work Program: Preliminary Report on Evaluation Design. Report prepared for the Social Security Administration. Falls Church, VA: Lewin Group (June).

———. 2003. Evaluation Design for the Ticket to Work Program: Preliminary Process Evaluation. Report prepared for the Social Security Administration (March).

Library of Congress, Federal Research Division. 1998. Vocational Factors in the Social Security Disability Decision Process: A Review of the Literature. Report prepared under an interagency agreement for the Social Security Administration, Office of Disability Research. Washington, DC: Library of Congress.

Lingg, Barbara A. 1974. "Benefits for Grandchildren and Certain Blind Persons Under the 1972 Amendments." Social Security Bulletin 37(6): 23–24.

———. 1977. "Lifetime Covered Earnings and Quarters of Coverage of Retired and Disabled Workers, 1972." Social Security Bulletin 40(10): 3–16.

Martin, Teran, and Paul S. Davies. 2003/2004. "Changes in the Demographic and Economic Characteristics of SSI and DI Beneficiaries Between 1984 and 1999." Social Security Bulletin 65(2): 1–13.

McCamman, Dorothy F. 1948. "Disability Protection Under Public Programs." Social Security Bulletin 11(6): 4–13, 23.

McCoy, John L., and Kerry Weems. 1989. "Disabled-Worker Beneficiaries and Disabled SSI Recipients: A Profile of Demographic and Program Characteristics." Social Security Bulletin 52(5): 16–28.

McCoy, John L., Howard M. Iams, and Timothy Armstrong. 1994. "The Hazard of Mortality Among Aging Retired- and Disabled-Worker Men: A Comparative Sociodemographic and Health Status Analysis. Social Security Bulletin 57(3): 76–87.

McCoy, John L., Miles Davis, and Russell E. Hudson. 1994. "Geographic Patterns of Disability in the United States." Social Security Bulletin 57(1): 25–36.

McManus, Leo A. 1981. "Evaluation of Disability Insurance Savings Due to Beneficiary Rehabilitation." Social Security Bulletin 44(2): 19–26.

Mitchell, Olivia S., and John W. R. Phillips. 2001. Eligibility for Social Security Disability Insurance. MRRC Working Paper No. 2001-011. Ann Arbor: Michigan Retirement Research Center, University of Michigan (June).

———. 2002. Applications, Denials, and Appeals for Social Security Disability Insurance. MRRC Working Paper No. 2002-032. Ann Arbor: Michigan Retirement Research Center, University of Michigan (July).

Muller, L. Scott. 1980. "Receipt of Multiple Benefits by Disabled-Worker Beneficiaries." Social Security Bulletin 43(11): 3–19.

———. 1989. "Health Insurance Coverage Among Recently Entitled Disability Insurance Beneficiaries: Findings from the New Beneficiary Survey." Social Security Bulletin 52(11): 2–17.

———. 1992. "Disability Beneficiaries Who Work and Their Experience Under Program Work Incentives." Social Security Bulletin 55(2): 2–19.

Muller, L. Scott, and Peter M. Wheeler. 1998. "The Growth in Disability Programs as Seen by SSA Field Office Managers." In Growth in Disability Benefits: Explanations and Policy Implications, edited by Kalman Rupp and David C. Stapleton, 207–222. Kalamazoo, MI: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.

Muller, L. Scott, Charles G. Scott, and Barry V. Bye. 1996. "Labor-Force Participation and Earnings of SSI Disability Recipients: A Pooled Cross-Sectional Times Series Approach to the Behavior of Individuals." Social Security Bulletin 59(1): 22–42.

Myers, Robert J. 1958. "Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance: Financing Basis and Policy Under the 1958 Amendments." Social Security Bulletin 21(10): 15–21, 39.

Myers, Robert J., and Francisco Bayo. 1966. "Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance: Administrative Expenses." Social Security Bulletin 29(7): 3–18.

———. 1968. "Financing Basis of Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance and Health Insurance Under the 1967 Amendments." Social Security Bulletin 31(2): 20–33.

Nadel, Mark, Steve Wamhoff, and Michael Wiseman. 2003/2004. "Disability, Welfare Reform, and SSI." Social Security Bulletin 65(3): 14–30.

National Academy of Social Insurance, Commission on Childhood Disability. 1995. "Executive Summary of the National Commission on Childhood Disability." Social Security Bulletin 58(4): 108–110.

National Academy of Social Insurance, Disability Policy Panel. 1994. "Rethinking Disability Policy—Preliminary Status Report of the National Academy of Social Insurance." Social Security Bulletin 57(2): 56–62.

Nelson, William J., Jr. 1994. "Disability Trends in the United States: A National and Regional Perspective." Social Security Bulletin 57(3): 27–41.

Packard, Michael D. 1987. "Income of New Disabled-Worker Beneficiaries and Their Families: Findings from the New Beneficiary Survey." Social Security Bulletin 50(3): 5–23.

Powers, Elizabeth T., and David Neumark. 2003. The Supplemental Security Income Program and Incentives to Claim Social Security Retirement Early: Empirical Evidence from Matched SIPP and Social Security Administrative Files. MRRC Working Paper No. 2003-036. Ann Arbor: Michigan Retirement Research Center, University of Michigan (January).

Price, Daniel N. 1977. "Dual Receipt of Disabled-Worker Benefits Under OASDHI and Workers' Compensation." Social Security Bulletin 40(11): 28–32, 34.

Reno, Virginia P., and Daniel N. Price. 1985. "Relationship Between the Retirement, Disability, and Unemployment Insurance Programs: The U.S. Experience." Social Security Bulletin 48(5): 24–37.

Reno, Virginia P., Cecili Thompson Williams, and Ishita Sengupta. 2003/2004. "Workers' Compensation, Social Security Disability Insurance, and the Offset: A Fact Sheet." Social Security Bulletin 65(4): 3–6.

Reville, Robert T., and Robert F. Schoeni. 2003/2004. "The Fraction of Disability Caused at Work." Social Security Bulletin 65(4): 31–37.

Richardson, Caroline, Jennifer T. Hanlon, Hillary J. Mull, Sandeep Vijan, Rodney Hayward, Linda A. Wray, and Kenneth M. Langa. 2003. The Impact of Poor Health Behaviors on Workforce Disability. MRRC Working Paper No. 2003-057. Ann Arbor: Michigan Retirement Research Center, University of Michigan (June).

Rocklin, Sarah G., and David R. Mattson. 1987. "The Employment Opportunities for Disabled Americans Act: Legislative History and Summary of Provisions." Social Security Bulletin 50(3): 25–35.

Rupp, Kalman, and Charles G. Scott. 1995. "Length of Stay in the SSI Disability Program." Social Security Bulletin 58(1): 29–47.

———. 1996. "Trends in the Characteristics of DI and SSI Disability Awardees and Duration of Program Participation." Social Security Bulletin 59(1): 3–21.

Rupp, Kalman, and David C. Stapleton. 1995. "Determinants of the Growth in the Social Security Administration's Disability Programs—An Overview." Social Security Bulletin 58(4): 43–70.

———, eds. 1998. Growth in Disability Benefits: Explanations and Policy Implications. Kalamazoo, MI: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.

Rupp, Kalman, and Paul S. Davies. 2004. "A Long-Term View of Health Status, Disabilities, Mortality, and Participation in the DI and SSI Disability Programs." In Research in Labor Economics, Accounting for Worker Well-Being, vol. 23, edited by Solomon W. Polachek. Amsterdam: Elsevier, JAI Press.

Rupp, Kalman, and Stephen H. Bell, eds. 2003. Paying for Results in Vocational Rehabilitation: Will Provider Incentives Work for Ticket to Work? Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press.

Rupp, Kalman, Stephen H. Bell, and Leo A. McManus. 1994. "Design of the Project NetWork Return-to-Work Experiment for Persons with Disabilities." Social Security Bulletin 57(2): 3–20.

Rupp, Kalman, Michelle Wood, and Stephen H. Bell. 1996. "Targeting People with Severe Disabilities for Return-to-Work: The Project NetWork Demonstration Experience." Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation 7(1): 63–91.

Ruther, Martin. 1974. "Disability Beneficiaries Eligible for Medicare." Social Security Bulletin 37(7): 28–33.

Sanders, Barkev S., and David Federman. 1943. "The Prevalence of Disability Recorded Through Four Monthly Sample Surveys." Social Security Bulletin 6(8): 5–11.

Schechter, Evan S. 1977. "Employment and Work Adjustments of the Disabled: 1972 Survey of Disabled and Nondisabled Adults." Social Security Bulletin 40(7): 3–15.

———. 1981. "Commitment to Work and the Self-Perception of Disability." Social Security Bulletin 44(6): 22–30.

———. 1997. "Work While Receiving Disability Insurance Benefits: Additional Findings from the New Beneficiary Followup Survey." Social Security Bulletin 60(1): 3–17.

———. 1999. "Industry, Occupation, and Disability Insurance Beneficiary Work Return." Social Security Bulletin 62(1): 10–22.

Schmidt, Lucie. 2004. Effects of Welfare Reform on the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Program. National Poverty Center Policy Brief No. 4. Ann Arbor: Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy, University of Michigan (October).

Schmulowitz, Jack. 1973. "Recovery and Benefit Termination: Program Experience of Disabled-Worker Beneficiaries." Social Security Bulletin 36(6): 3–15.

Scott, Charles G. 1992. "Disabled SSI Recipients Who Work." Social Security Bulletin 55(1): 26–36.

Sim, Joann. 1999. "Improving Return-to-Work Strategies in the United States Disability Programs, with Analysis of Program Practices in Germany and Sweden." Social Security Bulletin 62(3): 41–50.

Skolnik, Alfred M. 1960. "Persons Receiving Payments from Public Programs for Long-Term Disability, December 1934–59." Social Security Bulletin 23(9): 17–19.

———. 1964. "Persons Receiving Payments from Public Programs for Long-Term Disability, December 1939–63." Social Security Bulletin 27(10): 24–27.

Social Security Administration. 1958. "Disability Benefit Awards Affected by the Offset Provision, July–October 1957." Social Security Bulletin 21(3): 17–18.

———. 1982. "Foreign-Born Workers Awarded Retirement and Disability Benefits, 1978." Social Security Bulletin 45(7): 22–23.

———. 1991. "Childhood Disability Evaluation Rules Changed." Social Security Bulletin 54(3): 21–22.

———. 1998. Management of the Supplemental Security Income Program: Today and in the Future. SSA Publication No. 05-10103. Baltimore, MD (October).

———. 2000. Social Security Administration's Report on Supplemental Security Income: Income and Resource Exclusions and Disability Insurance Earnings-Related Provisions. Report to the Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives and to the President of the U.S. Senate. Washington, DC (March).

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