Trends in Mortality Differentials and Life Expectancy for Male Social Security-Covered Workers, by Socioeconomic Status

by Hilary Waldron
Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 67 No. 3, 2007
Table equivalent for Chart 1. Selected cohort survival rates for male Social Security–covered workers, by age and earnings group
Age 1912, earnings in
bottom half of
distribution
1912, earnings in
top half of
distribution
1941, earnings in
bottom half of
distribution
1941, earnings in
top half of
distribution
60 98.872400 99.174300 99.268300 99.626800
61 96.569900 97.470200 97.754400 98.850200
62 94.172600 95.658900 96.136900 98.011100
63 91.680700 93.736500 94.411200 97.105100
64 89.095200 91.699700 92.573000 96.127700
65 86.417600 89.545400 90.618100 95.074200
66 83.650400 87.271500 88.543000 93.939900
67 80.796700 84.876300 86.344600 92.719900
68 77.860600 82.359000 84.020600 91.409100
69 74.847100 79.720000 81.569500 90.002700
70 71.762300 76.960800 78.991000 88.495700
71 68.613300 74.084200 76.285700 86.883400
72 65.408300 71.094300 73.455700 85.161200
73 62.156500 67.997300 70.505000 83.325000
74 58.868400 64.800800 67.438800 81.370900
75 55.555500 61.514400 64.264700 79.295700
76 52.230100 58.149900 60.992200 77.097100
77 48.905800 54.721000 57.633000 74.773400
78 45.596700 51.243500 54.201200 72.324200
79 42.317900 47.735200 50.713000 69.750200
80 39.084800 44.215800 47.187300 67.053800
81 35.913200 40.706900 43.645000 64.238900
82 32.818800 37.231400 40.108700 61.311300
83 29.817400 33.813000 36.603200 58.278900
84 26.924000 30.476500 33.154100 55.151900
85 24.152900 27.246200 29.788000 51.942800
86 21.517400 24.146100 26.531400 48.666500
87 19.029100 21.198800 23.410200 45.340600
88 16.698100 18.424800 20.448900 41.984700
89 14.532300 15.842000 17.669500 38.621000
90 12.506100 13.440600 15.072600 35.261500
91 10.600700 11.214300 12.663200 31.925200
92 8.836800 9.185790 10.467600 28.648500
93 7.234530 7.375200 8.503600 25.466300
94 5.810420 5.796990 6.780560 22.411100
95 4.575180 4.457320 5.302780 19.519100
96 3.532060 3.352590 4.067800 16.827600
97 2.674470 2.467700 3.062110 14.364600
98 1.987800 1.778920 2.263770 12.147600
99 1.451900 1.257550 1.645550 10.184000
100 1.042640 0.872192 1.176630 8.466170
101 0.735501 0.592887 0.826746 6.975820
102 0.509169 0.394556 0.570206 5.694270
103 0.345546 0.256728 0.385570 4.602520
104 0.229617 0.163102 0.255287 3.681580
105 0.149207 0.101016 0.165271 2.912770
106 0.094676 0.060887 0.104457 2.277930
107 0.058570 0.035649 0.064346 1.759760
108 0.035264 0.020231 0.038561 1.341960
109 0.020625 0.011103 0.022436 1.009430
110 0.011693 0.005877 0.012645 0.748359
111 0.006410 0.002992 0.006886 0.546341
112 0.003390 0.001460 0.003614 0.392402
113 0.001724 0.000680 0.001821 0.276998
114 0.000840 0.000301 0.000879 0.191966
115 0.000391 0.000126 0.000404 0.130454
116 0.000173 0.000050 0.000176 0.086818
117 0.000072 0.000018 0.000073 0.056506
118 0.000028 0.000006 0.000028 0.035912
119 0.000010 0.000002 0.000010 0.022251
SOURCE: Author's calculations using a matched 2001 Continuous Work History Sample.
Table equivalent for Chart 2. Percentage change between the 1912 and 1941 birth cohorts in the death rate for male Social Security-covered workers, by selected age and earnings group
Age Earnings in
bottom half of
distribution
Earnings in
top half of
distribution
60 35.1 54.8
65 29.1 53.2
70 22.7 51.5
75 15.7 49.5
80 8.3 47.4
85 0.6 44.9
SOURCE: Author's calculations using a matched 2001 Continuous Work History Sample.
Table equivalent for Chart 3. Cohort life expectancy at age 65 (and 95 percent confidence intervals) for male Social Security-covered workers, by selected birth years and earnings group
Year Earnings in bottom
half of distribution
Earnings in top
half of distribution
Years of life
expectancy
95% confidence
interval lower bound
95% confidence
interval upper bound
Years of life
expectancy
95% confidence
interval lower bound
95% confidence
interval upper bound
1912 14.8 14.7 14.9 15.5 15.4 15.6
1917 15.0 15.0 15.1 16.5 16.4 16.6
1922 15.3 15.2 15.4 17.5 17.4 17.6
1927 15.5 15.3 15.7 18.5 18.3 18.8
1932 15.7 15.5 16.0 19.6 19.2 19.9
1937 16.0 15.6 16.3 20.6 20.1 21.1
1941 16.1 15.7 16.5 21.5 20.9 22.2
SOURCE: Author's calculations using a matched 2001 Continuous Work History Sample.