Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2003

 

Noninstitutionalized Disabled Beneficiaries: Survey of Income and Program Participation

Notes

The Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) is a household survey of the noninstitutionalized resident population of the United States conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. The survey was designed to improve the measurement of the economic situation of persons, families, and households in the United States and to provide a tool for managing and evaluating government transfer and service programs.

The 2001 SIPP panel consists of 9 interviews, or waves, each of which gathered 4 months of retrospective data. The initial sample includes approximately 36,700 households, divided into 4 rotation groups. The SIPP has been matched to the Social Security Administration's (SSA's) administrative records for respondents who provided their Social Security number. The administrative records provide data on the receipt and amount of Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Social Security benefits for all months covered by the SIPP panel. For SIPP respondents who did not provide their Social Security number, benefit receipt and amounts are taken from the SIPP. All other characteristics and income amounts are taken from the SIPP.

The tables in this section use data from wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP. Social Security Disability Insurance beneficiaries are identified as of reference month 4 of the wave 2 interviews, which corresponds to May, June, July, or August 2001, depending on the rotation group. Sample cases are weighted using SIPP person weights. In this year's tables, the weights are adjusted by type of beneficiary so that the weighted total number of Social Security Disability Insurance beneficiaries matches the estimated number of noninstitutionalized Social Security Disability Insurance beneficiaries in SSA administrative records. Beneficiary characteristics, such as age, sex, race, education, marital status, living arrangements, and health insurance, reflect reference month 4. Income and poverty data are based on all 4 months included in the wave 2 interviews and thus cover a 4-month period between February 2001 and August 2001, depending on the rotation group. The poverty thresholds are provided in the SIPP for the 4 months covered in wave 2 and are adjusted for family size and composition.

The use of a single wave, or 4 months, of data for income and poverty estimates is a significant change from previous years, in which annual income and poverty data were reported. The single-wave approach, and particularly the use of wave 2, was followed for several reasons: Social Security numbers for matching to SSA administrative records were collected in wave 2; the sample in the 2001 SIPP panel was cut between waves 1 and 2; and sample attrition is less of a concern early in a panel.

An additional change from the SIPP-based estimates published in the 2002 Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program is the method of defining Disability Insurance beneficiaries. In the 2002 publication, estimates were based on actual payments received in a given month, which may include lump-sum payments of retroactive benefits. This year, the estimates are based on payment eligibility, which is consistent with the definition of beneficiaries used elsewhere in the report.

In tabulations of Medicaid coverage for SSI recipients, the SIPP Medicaid variable has been recoded to reflect the fact that SSI recipients in certain states, sometimes referred to as Section 1634 states, are automatically covered by Medicaid. Thirty-two states and the District of Columbia provide automatic Medicaid coverage for SSI recipients, accounting for approximately 78 percent of all SSI recipients.

SIPP and SSA counts of disabled beneficiaries differ because the SIPP excludes people living in institutions or outside the continental United States. In addition, the match rate between the SIPP and SSA records is not perfect; thus, self-reported benefit information must be used for individuals who could not be matched to SSA records. Furthermore, the SIPP estimates are based on a sample and therefore are subject to sampling error. Standard errors can be used to measure this sampling variability and to determine the statistical significance of the estimates. Various sources of nonsampling error also may be important.

Because the SIPP uses a complex sample design, it is inappropriate to calculate standard errors assuming a simple random sample. Doing so will result in estimated standard errors that are biased downward. Readers interested in information about SIPP variance estimates are referred to the SIPP Users' Guide, available on the SIPP Web site at http://www.sipp.census.gov/sipp/usrguide/sipp2001.pdf. The Users' Guide provides information on direct calculation of standard errors for SIPP estimates. It also provides detailed instructions for calculating standard errors using generalized variance parameters.

Because of concerns about sampling variability and statistical reliability, distributions for which the base is fewer than 150,000 weighted cases are not shown. In addition, individual cells that contain less than 1.0 percent of a distribution are rounded to zero. Therefore, some distributions will not sum to the total.

Table 62. Distribution, by selected personal characteristics, December 2001
Characteristic Number Percentage of all beneficiaries
Total Workers Total Workers
All beneficiaries 5,777,265 5,021,777 100.0 100.0
Sex
Men 3,014,079 2,700,928 52.2 53.8
Women 2,763,187 2,320,849 47.8 46.2
Race
White 4,440,305 3,891,451 76.9 77.5
Black 1,187,309 989,515 20.6 19.7
American Indian, Alaska Native 69,954 66,967 1.2 1.3
Asian, Pacific Islander 79,697 73,845 1.4 1.5
Ethnicity
Hispanic 550,336 466,823 9.5 9.3
Non-Hispanic 5,226,929 4,554,954 90.5 90.7
Marital status
Married 2,493,490 2,435,673 43.2 48.5
Widowed 441,994 242,463 7.7 4.8
Divorced or separated 1,301,189 1,273,787 22.5 25.4
Never married 1,540,593 1,069,854 26.7 21.3
Years of education
0–8 708,150 486,667 12.3 9.7
9–11 848,884 729,622 14.7 14.5
12 2,212,433 1,885,525 38.3 37.6
13–15 1,454,797 1,395,925 25.2 27.8
16 or more 553,001 524,038 9.6 10.4
Relationship to householder
Householder 3,370,987 3,092,060 58.4 61.6
Spouse 1,030,976 1,011,721 17.9 20.2
Child 714,987 419,582 12.4 8.4
Grandchild 0 0 0.1 0.1
Parent 106,616 62,148 1.9 1.2
Sibling 135,914 81,704 2.4 1.6
Other relative 97,499 74,313 1.7 1.5
Other nonrelative 313,160 273,125 5.4 5.4
Health insurance a
Medicaid 2,224,650 1,712,883 38.5 34.1
Medicare 3,237,302 2,828,038 56.0 56.3
Private 2,406,953 2,200,805 41.7 43.8
None 537,687 498,842 9.3 9.9
Source of income a
Public assistance
Supplemental Security Income 1,219,905 826,982 21.1 16.5
Other 1,526,269 1,116,829 26.4 22.2
Earnings 1,287,381 1,116,572 22.3 22.2
Property income 1,643,520 1,527,355 28.5 30.4
Other 1,394,892 1,282,030 24.1 25.5
Total personal income in wave 2 b (dollars)
Less than 500 137,268 126,516 2.4 2.5
500–999 68,568 63,383 1.2 1.3
1,000–1,499 109,145 83,288 1.9 1.7
1,500–1,999 279,175 240,287 4.8 4.8
2,000–2,499 999,972 739,141 17.3 14.7
2,500–2,999 658,695 574,236 11.4 11.4
3,000–3,499 540,878 448,378 9.4 8.9
3,500–3,999 444,514 396,720 7.7 7.9
4,000–4,499 412,388 380,887 7.1 7.6
4,500–4,999 288,747 279,128 5.0 5.6
5,000 or more 1,837,916 1,689,813 31.8 33.7
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSA administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 Survey of Income and Program Participation, wave 2, reference month 4.
NOTES: Individuals receiving disability benefits in reference month 4 of wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP are identified using SSA administrative data for those who provided a valid Social Security number and using self-reported SIPP data for those who did not provide a valid number. The unweighted sample size is 1,514 cases for all disabled beneficiaries and 1,389 for disabled workers. Disabled widow(er)s and disabled adult children are not shown separately because the unweighted sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates.
Cells that contain less than 1.0 percent of all beneficiaries are rounded to zero because of concerns about sampling variability. Therefore, some distributions will not add to the total.
a. Individuals may be counted in more than one category.
b. Data are based on the sum of the 4 months included in wave 2. This represents a change from tables for previous years, in which annual income data were reported.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (410) 966-0299 or di.asr@ssa.gov.
Table 63. Social Security as a percentage of personal income, by selected characteristics, December 2001
Characteristic Number Percentage of total Percentage distribution
Total Under 25%
of income
25–49%
of income
50–74%
of income
75–99%
of income
100% of
income
All disabled beneficiaries
Total 5,777,265 100.0 100.0 20.7 12.7 17.6 21.2 27.8
Sex
Men 3,014,079 52.2 100.0 22.3 13.1 14.9 19.3 30.5
Women 2,763,187 47.8 100.0 18.9 12.3 20.7 23.4 24.8
Age
Under 25 171,455 3.0 100.0 37.8 20.3 7.2 7.5 27.2
25–34 563,498 9.8 100.0 23.6 14.0 19.6 16.3 26.5
35–44 1,199,514 20.8 100.0 26.7 14.3 16.1 16.4 26.4
45–54 1,968,254 34.1 100.0 19.8 12.7 16.9 25.0 25.5
55 or older 1,874,543 32.5 100.0 15.3 10.5 19.7 23.1 31.4
Race
White 4,440,305 76.9 100.0 21.2 12.2 16.9 23.0 26.7
Black 1,187,309 20.6 100.0 19.7 13.2 18.6 15.2 33.4
American Indian, Alaska Native 69,954 1.2 100.0 a a a a a
Asian, Pacific Islander 79,697 1.4 100.0 a a a a a
Ethnicity
Hispanic 550,336 9.5 100.0 28.4 10.1 12.2 14.2 35.0
Non-Hispanic 5,226,929 90.5 100.0 19.9 13.0 18.2 22.0 27.0
Marital status
Married 2,493,490 43.2 100.0 22.9 11.5 12.6 24.0 29.1
Widowed 441,994 7.7 100.0 16.0 9.2 39.2 20.3 15.4
Divorced or separated 1,301,189 22.5 100.0 18.1 13.4 20.3 19.1 29.2
Never married 1,540,593 26.7 100.0 20.6 15.0 17.5 19.0 27.9
Years of education
0–8 708,150 12.3 100.0 16.8 10.3 22.3 15.7 35.0
9–11 848,884 14.7 100.0 14.1 10.5 20.1 18.3 37.1
12 2,212,433 38.3 100.0 20.2 13.1 17.8 22.2 26.8
13–15 1,454,797 25.2 100.0 22.4 12.4 15.6 24.0 25.6
16 or more 553,001 9.6 100.0 33.1 18.1 12.9 22.0 13.9
Living arrangement
Lives alone 1,149,840 19.9 100.0 15.4 14.5 21.7 24.3 24.1
Lives with relatives 4,317,837 74.7 100.0 22.3 12.0 16.0 20.9 28.8
Lives only with nonrelatives 309,589 5.4 100.0 17.6 16.1 25.4 14.5 26.6
Disabled workers
Total 5,021,777 100.0 100.0 20.2 12.9 15.8 22.1 28.9
Sex
Men 2,700,928 53.8 100.0 21.5 12.8 14.3 20.3 31.1
Women 2,320,849 46.2 100.0 18.7 13.1 17.7 24.3 26.3
Age
Under 25 80,553 1.6 100.0 a a a a a
25–34 386,793 7.7 100.0 24.7 16.6 12.8 16.8 29.2
35–44 1,038,800 20.7 100.0 25.0 14.7 16.4 17.0 27.0
45–54 1,752,882 34.9 100.0 20.4 12.5 13.8 26.6 26.8
55 or older 1,762,749 35.1 100.0 15.2 10.8 18.6 22.9 32.5
Race
White 3,891,451 77.5 100.0 20.9 12.3 15.4 23.9 27.5
Black 989,515 19.7 100.0 18.2 14.1 14.9 16.5 36.4
American Indian, Alaska Native 66,967 1.3 100.0 a a a a a
Asian, Pacific Islander 73,845 1.5 100.0 a a a a a
Ethnicity
Hispanic 466,823 9.3 100.0 25.3 10.1 12.9 14.7 37.0
Non-Hispanic 4,554,954 90.7 100.0 19.7 13.2 16.2 22.9 28.1
Marital status
Married 2,435,673 48.5 100.0 22.4 11.5 12.6 24.5 29.0
Widowed 242,463 4.8 100.0 15.5 16.8 25.4 19.8 22.5
Divorced or separated 1,273,787 25.4 100.0 17.6 13.5 19.9 19.2 29.8
Never married 1,069,854 21.3 100.0 19.3 14.7 16.3 20.6 29.0
Years of education
0–8 486,667 9.7 100.0 16.9 11.5 15.7 18.1 37.9
9–11 729,622 14.5 100.0 14.5 11.4 15.6 20.0 38.5
12 1,885,525 37.6 100.0 18.4 13.1 17.0 22.1 29.3
13–15 1,395,925 27.8 100.0 22.0 12.6 15.3 24.7 25.5
16 or more 524,038 10.4 100.0 32.8 16.8 13.6 22.1 14.7
Living arrangement
Lives alone 1,044,469 20.8 100.0 14.5 14.8 19.0 25.7 26.1
Lives with relatives 3,707,754 73.8 100.0 21.9 12.3 14.6 21.7 29.6
Lives only with nonrelatives 269,554 5.4 100.0 19.0 14.4 21.2 14.8 30.5
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSA administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 Survey of Income and Program Participation, wave 2, reference month 4.
NOTES: Individuals receiving disability benefits in reference month 4 of wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP are identified using SSA administrative data for those who provided a valid Social Security number and using self-reported SIPP data for those who did not provide a valid number. The unweighted sample size is 1,514 cases for all disabled beneficiaries and 1,389 for disabled workers. Disabled widow(er)s and disabled adult children are not shown separately because the unweighted sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates.
Cells that contain less than 1.0 percent of all beneficiaries are rounded to zero because of concerns about sampling variability. Therefore, some distributions will not add to the total.
Personal income data are based on the 4 months included in wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP. This represents a change from tables for previous years, in which annual income data were reported.
a. Sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates. Distributions for which the base is fewer than 150,000 weighted cases are not shown.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (410) 966-0299 or di.asr@ssa.gov.
Table 64. Distribution, by household and family characteristics, December 2001
Characteristic Number Percentage of all beneficiaries
Total Workers Total Workers
All beneficiaries 5,777,265 5,021,777 100.0 100.0
Household type
Family
Married couple present 2,831,071 2,594,974 49.0 51.7
No married couple, male householder 267,032 218,973 4.6 4.4
No married couple, female householder 1,105,663 792,601 19.1 15.8
Nonfamily
Male householder 771,521 714,338 13.4 14.2
Female householder 762,361 671,468 13.2 13.4
Group quarters 0 0 0 0
Ownership status of living quarters
Owned 3,570,146 3,121,776 61.8 62.2
Not owned 2,207,119 1,900,001 38.2 37.8
Residence in public housing 360,529 310,431 6.2 6.2
Household receipt of a
Energy assistance 331,546 269,639 5.7 5.4
Housing assistance 247,775 193,185 4.3 3.9
Food stamps 1,025,286 828,981 17.8 16.5
Household size
1 person 1,149,840 1,044,469 19.9 20.8
2 persons 2,206,623 2,036,483 38.2 40.6
3–4 persons 1,819,890 1,446,651 31.5 28.8
5 or more persons 600,912 494,174 10.4 9.8
Family size
1 person 1,646,811 1,474,710 28.5 29.4
2 persons 1,956,850 1,811,651 33.9 36.1
3–4 persons 1,636,164 1,299,655 28.3 25.9
5 or more persons 537,440 435,760 9.3 8.7
Under age 18 in family
None 4,382,538 3,853,649 75.9 76.7
1 person 661,458 551,426 11.5 11.0
2 persons 405,656 350,144 7.0 7.0
3–4 persons 286,758 225,703 5.0 4.5
5 or more persons 0 0 0 0
Total household income in wave 2 b (dollars)
Less than 2,500 396,603 358,895 6.9 7.2
2,500–4,999 909,093 807,594 15.7 16.1
5,000–7,499 946,869 745,531 16.4 14.9
7,500–9,999 721,602 625,267 12.5 12.5
10,000–14,999 1,149,663 1,023,142 19.9 20.4
15,000–19,999 662,221 567,917 11.5 11.3
20,000 or more 991,214 893,431 17.2 17.8
Total family income in wave 2 b (dollars)
Less than 2,500 530,713 455,848 9.2 9.1
2,500–4,999 1,087,008 977,045 18.8 19.5
5,000–7,499 997,029 796,269 17.3 15.9
7,500–9,999 695,567 609,334 12.0 12.1
10,000–14,999 997,817 890,870 17.3 17.7
15,000–19,999 582,716 503,778 10.1 10.0
20,000 or more 886,416 788,633 15.3 15.7
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSA administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 Survey of Income and Program Participation, wave 2, reference month 4.
NOTES: Individuals receiving disability benefits in reference month 4 of wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP are identified using SSA administrative data for those who provided a valid Social Security number and using self-reported SIPP data for those who did not provide a valid number. The unweighted sample size is 1,514 cases for all disabled beneficiaries and 1,389 for disabled workers. Disabled widow(er)s and disabled adult children are not shown separately because the unweighted sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates.
Cells that contain less than 1.0 percent of all beneficiaries are rounded to zero because of concerns about sampling variability. Therefore, some distributions will not add to the total.
A family is a group of two or more persons related by birth, marriage, or adoption and residing together. A household includes related family members and all the unrelated persons, if any, such as lodgers, foster children, wards, or employees who share the housing unit. A person living alone in a housing unit or a group of unrelated persons sharing a housing unit as partners is also counted as a household.
a. Individuals may be counted in more than one category.
b. Data are based on the sum of the 4 months included in wave 2. This represents a change from tables for previous years, in which annual income data were reported.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (410) 966-0299 or di.asr@ssa.gov.
Table 65. Percentage distribution of family income, by source and selected characteristics, December 2001
Characteristic Total Social Security Public assistance Earnings Property income Other
Supplemental Security Income Other
All beneficiaries
Total 100.0 45.0 6.1 1.4 34.8 1.5 11.0
Sex
Men 100.0 45.8 4.9 1.2 35.1 1.6 11.5
Women 100.0 44.2 7.5 1.7 34.5 1.5 10.6
Age
Under 25 100.0 24.5 13.6 2.0 50.8 0 8.9
25–34 100.0 41.0 8.7 1.5 38.6 0 9.4
35–44 100.0 41.5 6.9 2.0 37.7 1.3 10.7
45–54 100.0 44.6 6.3 1.5 36.8 1.3 9.5
55 or older 100.0 50.8 4.0 1.0 28.4 2.2 13.6
Race
White 100.0 44.4 5.0 1.1 36.1 1.9 11.5
Black 100.0 47.2 10.0 2.6 31.4 0 8.6
American Indian, Alaska Native 100.0 a a a a a a
Asian, Pacific Islander 100.0 a a a a a a
Ethnicity
Hispanic 100.0 41.5 8.7 0 40.2 0 8.0
Non-Hispanic 100.0 45.4 5.9 1.5 34.3 1.6 11.4
Marital status
Married 100.0 34.4 2.8 0 50.1 1.7 10.7
Widowed 100.0 49.3 14.4 2.3 22.2 0 11.0
Divorced or separated 100.0 57.1 6.6 2.9 19.6 0 13.0
Never married 100.0 50.9 8.7 1.6 26.6 2.0 10.1
Years of education
0–8 100.0 50.5 10.7 1.3 27.0 1.7 8.8
9–11 100.0 49.2 7.6 0 31.4 0 10.3
12 100.0 43.8 6.4 1.6 36.0 1.4 10.7
13–15 100.0 45.0 4.5 1.8 36.3 1.4 11.0
16 or more 100.0 36.7 1.1 0 41.6 3.3 16.5
Living arrangement
Lives alone 100.0 65.0 8.1 1.5 13.0 1.0 11.5
Lives with relatives 100.0 38.5 5.3 1.3 41.9 1.8 11.2
Lives only with nonrelatives 100.0 61.8 10.2 3.1 17.5 0 7.3
Disabled workers
Total 100.0 45.4 4.4 1.2 36.2 1.5 11.3
Sex
Men 100.0 46.4 3.7 1.0 35.7 1.4 11.7
Women 100.0 44.2 5.2 1.4 36.7 1.6 10.9
Age
Under 25 100.0 a a a a a a
25–34 100.0 38.2 6.2 1.5 42.9 0 10.3
35–44 100.0 41.6 5.0 1.7 39.8 0 11.0
45–54 100.0 44.8 4.4 1.5 38.4 1.1 9.7
55 or older 100.0 51.0 3.3 0 29.1 2.3 13.9
Race
White 100.0 44.6 3.4 1.0 37.5 1.8 11.7
Black 100.0 48.7 7.6 2.0 32.3 0 9.1
American Indian, Alaska Native 100.0 a a a a a a
Asian, Pacific Islander 100.0 a a a a a a
Ethnicity
Hispanic 100.0 43.6 5.0 0 41.5 1.0 8.4
Non-Hispanic 100.0 45.6 4.4 1.3 35.6 1.5 11.6
Marital status
Married 100.0 34.8 2.3 0 50.0 1.7 10.9
Widowed 100.0 52.2 6.6 0 26.8 1.5 12.7
Divorced or separated 100.0 57.8 6.0 2.7 19.4 0 13.2
Never married 100.0 53.2 6.9 1.7 26.8 1.6 9.8
Years of education
0–8 100.0 51.0 7.5 0 31.4 0 9.0
9–11 100.0 51.1 7.0 1.0 30.9 0 9.2
12 100.0 44.1 4.1 1.3 37.7 1.4 11.3
13–15 100.0 45.5 3.6 1.7 36.6 1.4 11.2
16 or more 100.0 36.5 1.1 0 41.1 3.5 17.0
Living arrangement
Lives alone 100.0 66.8 7.2 1.6 12.8 1.0 10.5
Lives with relatives 100.0 38.1 3.5 1.0 43.9 1.7 11.9
Lives only with nonrelatives 100.0 62.9 7.0 3.1 19.6 0 7.3
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSA administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 Survey of Income and Program Participation, wave 2, reference month 4.
NOTES: Individuals receiving disability benefits in reference month 4 of wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP are identified using SSA administrative data for those who provided a valid Social Security number and using self-reported SIPP data for those who did not provide a valid number. The unweighted sample size is 1,514 cases for all disabled beneficiaries and 1,389 for disabled workers. Disabled widow(er)s and disabled adult children are not shown separately because the unweighted sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates.
Cells that contain less than 1.0 percent of all beneficiaries are rounded to zero because of concerns about sampling variability. Therefore, some distributions will not add to the total.
Family income data are based on the 4 months included in wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP. This represents a change from tables for previous years, in which annual income data were reported.
a. Sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates. Distributions for which the base is fewer than 150,000 weighted cases are not shown.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (410) 966-0299 or di.asr@ssa.gov.
Table 66. Poverty status, by selected characteristics, December 2001
Characteristic Total Family income relative to poverty threshold
Under 100% 100–124% 125–149% 150–199% 200–299% 300% or more
Subtotal Under 50% 50–99%
All beneficiaries
Total 5,777,265 20.2 2.7 17.5 8.9 7.4 13.8 20.5 29.2
Sex
Men 3,014,079 16.6 2.2 14.4 8.4 7.1 14.2 22.9 30.8
Women 2,763,187 24.1 3.3 20.9 9.5 7.7 13.3 17.8 27.5
Age
Under 25 171,455 19.5 3.0 16.4 0 9.4 20.8 20.7 29.6
25–34 563,498 19.3 2.9 16.4 9.1 9.2 13.1 21.3 28.1
35–44 1,199,514 22.6 4.3 18.3 8.2 8.5 13.9 21.1 25.7
45–54 1,968,254 19.0 1.7 17.3 9.6 6.2 13.6 20.1 31.6
55 or older 1,874,543 20.3 2.6 17.6 9.5 7.3 13.5 20.2 29.3
Race
White 4,440,305 18.4 1.9 16.6 7.4 7.1 13.2 21.0 32.7
Black 1,187,309 26.0 5.9 20.1 14.3 8.9 16.6 17.6 16.6
American Indian, Alaska Native 69,954 a a a a a a a a
Asian, Pacific Islander 79,697 a a a a a a a a
Ethnicity
Hispanic 550,336 25.3 5.6 19.7 6.5 8.7 18.3 19.4 21.8
Non-Hispanic 5,226,929 19.7 2.4 17.3 9.2 7.3 13.3 20.6 30.0
Marital status
Married 2,493,490 10.1 1.4 8.7 6.0 6.1 13.8 21.6 42.4
Widowed 441,994 35.6 5.2 30.5 15.8 5.2 8.2 24.9 10.3
Divorced or separated 1,301,189 31.9 4.7 27.2 12.0 9.9 13.6 14.2 18.4
Never married 1,540,593 22.2 2.4 19.8 9.1 8.1 15.4 22.6 22.5
Years of education
0–8 708,150 29.4 5.5 24.0 10.8 8.4 13.2 21.5 16.8
9–11 848,884 24.8 4.9 20.0 12.5 10.0 12.6 20.1 19.9
12 2,212,433 19.0 1.3 17.7 9.7 7.1 13.8 21.7 28.8
13–15 1,454,797 18.7 2.8 15.9 6.2 6.7 15.6 20.0 32.8
16 or more 553,001 10.2 1.2 9.0 5.5 5.2 11.5 16.0 51.6
Disabled workers
Total 5,021,777 19.6 2.5 17.1 8.5 7.5 13.9 20.2 30.3
Sex
Men 2,700,928 15.9 2.1 13.7 8.7 7.6 14.3 23.0 30.6
Women 2,320,849 24.0 2.9 21.1 8.3 7.5 13.5 16.9 29.8
Age
Under 25 80,553 a a a a a a a a
25–34 386,793 21.1 0 20.4 9.1 8.9 14.1 23.0 23.7
35–44 1,038,800 21.8 5.0 16.9 8.7 8.1 14.0 22.2 25.1
45–54 1,752,882 19.0 1.9 17.1 8.1 6.7 13.5 19.1 33.6
55 or older 1,762,749 18.8 1.8 17.1 9.2 7.3 14.3 19.3 31.1
Race
White 3,891,451 17.9 2.0 15.9 7.2 7.4 13.3 20.1 34.0
Black 989,515 25.3 4.3 21.0 13.5 8.5 17.2 19.7 15.9
American Indian, Alaska Native 66,967 a a a a a a a a
Asian, Pacific Islander 73,845 a a a a a a a a
Ethnicity
Hispanic 466,823 24.0 6.6 17.3 6.2 9.1 18.6 19.6 22.5
Non-Hispanic 4,554,954 19.2 2.0 17.1 8.8 7.4 13.4 20.2 31.1
Marital status
Married 2,435,673 9.3 1.1 8.2 6.1 6.2 13.8 22.1 42.5
Widowed 242,463 34.3 2.2 32.1 10.2 7.3 9.1 20.3 18.8
Divorced or separated 1,273,787 31.9 4.8 27.2 11.5 9.9 13.9 14.5 18.3
Never married 1,069,854 25.2 2.9 22.2 10.1 7.6 15.3 22.4 19.3
Years of education
0–8 486,667 26.1 4.4 21.7 10.6 9.7 14.3 22.3 16.9
9–11 729,622 25.5 4.2 21.3 14.5 11.7 13.6 14.5 20.2
12 1,885,525 18.9 1.5 17.4 8.2 6.4 14.2 23.1 29.2
13–15 1,395,925 18.6 2.7 15.9 6.2 6.7 14.7 20.4 33.4
16 or more 524,038 10.7 1.2 9.5 5.8 5.5 11.0 14.7 52.3
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSA administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 Survey of Income and Program Participation, wave 2, reference month 4.
NOTES: Individuals receiving disability benefits in reference month 4 of wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP are identified using SSA administrative data for those who provided a valid Social Security number and using self-reported SIPP data for those who did not provide a valid number. The unweighted sample size is 1,514 cases for all disabled beneficiaries and 1,389 for disabled workers. Disabled widow(er)s and disabled adult children are not shown separately because the unweighted sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates.
Cells that contain less than 1.0 percent of all beneficiaries are rounded to zero because of concerns about sampling variability. Therefore, some distributions will not add to the total.
Family income data and poverty thresholds are based on the 4 months included in wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP. This represents a change from tables for previous years, in which annual income and poverty data were reported.
a. Sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates. Distributions for which the base is fewer than 150,000 weighted cases are not shown.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (410) 966-0299 or di.asr@ssa.gov.