Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2000

 
Income Sources of Aged UnitsTable 1.1Percentage with income from specified source, by age, marital status, and sex of nonmarried persons
Source of income Aged
55–61
Aged
62–64
Aged 65 or older
Total 65–69 70–74 75–79 75–79 85 or
older
  All units
Earnings 80 64 22 44 26 14 7 4
Wages and salaries 76 59 19 39 22 12 6 3
Self-employment 13 10 5 9 6 3 2 1
Retirement benefits 26 62 93 89 93 94 96 95
Social Security a 13 53 90 86 91 91 94 93
Benefits other than Social Security 16 30 41 41 44 43 41 33
Other public pensions 7 12 15 15 15 14 15 13
Railroad Retirement 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1
Government employee pensions 6 11 14 14 14 14 14 11
Military 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 2
Federal 1 3 5 4 5 5 6 4
State or local 4 7 8 9 8 7 7 6
Private pensions or annuities 10 20 29 28 31 31 28 22
Income from assets 61 60 59 60 59 60 62 55
Interest 57 57 57 57 57 57 59 52
Other income from assets 37 35 28 32 30 26 27 22
Dividends 33 31 24 27 26 22 22 17
Rent or royalties 11 10 9 11 9 8 8 7
Estates or trusts 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Veterans' benefits 2 2 4 4 4 6 6 3
Unemployment compensation 4 3 1 2 1 0 0 0
Workers' compensation 2 2 1 1 1 0 0 0
Public assistance 5 6 5 5 5 4 3 6
Supplemental Security Income 5 5 5 5 5 4 3 6
Other public assistance 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Personal contributions 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
Memorandum:
Number (thousands)
12,430 4,049 25,230 6,508 6,154 5,689 3,841 3,038
  Married couples
Earnings 92 76 36 55 37 25 14 12
Wages and salaries 87 70 31 49 30 20 10 7
Self-employment 17 14 9 13 10 7 4 5
Retirement benefits 26 63 94 91 95 95 99 98
Social Security a 11 53 92 87 93 92 97 97
Benefits other than Social Security 19 35 51 48 52 52 52 52
Other public pensions 8 15 18 18 18 18 18 22
Railroad Retirement 0 0 1 1 1 1 2 1
Government employee pensions 8 15 17 17 17 17 17 21
Military 2 3 3 3 3 2 3 3
Federal 1 3 6 5 6 5 5 10
State or local 5 9 10 11 9 11 10 10
Private pensions or annuities 12 22 37 34 39 38 37 36
Income from assets 72 71 69 69 71 67 71 70
Interest 69 68 66 66 68 65 69 65
Other income from assets 46 46 38 40 40 34 35 31
Dividends 42 40 32 36 35 28 28 24
Rent or royalties 13 15 12 13 12 11 11 12
Estates or trusts 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Veterans' benefits 2 2 6 4 4 8 11 5
Unemployment compensation 5 3 1 2 1 1 0 0
Workers' compensation 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 0
Public assistance 2 3 2 2 2 2 3 3
Supplemental Security Income 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 2
Other public assistance 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
Personal contributions 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1
Memorandum:
Number (thousands)
6,903 2,170 10,300 3,544 2,794 2,190 1,202 571
  Nonmarried persons
Earnings 66 50 13 30 17 8 4 3
Wages and salaries 61 46 11 27 14 7 3 2
Self-employment 7 5 2 4 3 1 1 1
Retirement benefits 25 60 92 87 92 94 95 94
Social Security a 14 53 90 84 89 91 92 92
Benefits other than Social Security 13 24 34 32 36 38 36 28
Other public pensions 5 8 12 11 13 12 14 10
Railroad Retirement 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1
Government employee pensions 5 8 11 11 12 11 13 9
Military 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 1
Federal 1 2 4 3 5 4 6 3
State or local 3 4 6 7 7 5 6 5
Private pensions or annuities 9 17 23 22 25 27 24 18
Income from assets 46 48 52 49 50 55 58 51
Interest 43 44 50 46 48 53 55 48
Other income from assets 26 23 22 22 22 21 23 20
Dividends 23 21 18 17 18 18 19 15
Rent or royalties 7 4 7 8 7 6 7 6
Estates or trusts 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Veterans' benefits 1 1 4 4 3 4 4 3
Unemployment compensation 3 2 0 1 0 0 0 0
Workers' compensation 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0
Public assistance 9 9 6 8 7 6 4 7
Supplemental Security Income 9 8 6 8 7 5 4 7
Other public assistance 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0
Personal contributions 3 2 1 1 1 1 1 0
Memorandum:
Number (thousands)
5,527 1,880 14,930 2,964 3,361 3,499 2,639 2,467
Nonmarried men
Earnings 68 51 18 35 21 11 9 5
Wages and salaries 61 46 14 29 16 9 6 4
Self-employment 10 7 4 8 5 3 3 0
Retirement benefits 23 56 91 87 91 94 91 93
Social Security a 11 49 88 85 88 90 88 92
Benefits other than Social Security 14 21 37 34 35 44 40 31
Other public pensions 5 8 11 10 12 15 9 8
Railroad Retirement 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
Government employee pensions 5 8 11 10 11 15 9 7
Military 1 2 2 3 2 4 1 1
Federal 1 1 4 1 4 6 6 1
State or local 3 5 5 6 6 5 2 4
Private pensions or annuities 8 13 27 24 24 31 32 24
Income from assets 41 40 50 47 48 53 53 52
Interest 37 38 48 45 47 51 51 49
Other income from assets 24 20 21 23 22 20 20 20
Dividends 20 18 17 18 19 15 19 15
Rent or royalties 8 4 7 9 6 8 3 7
Estates or trusts 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Veterans' benefits 2 1 7 8 6 9 9 4
Unemployment compensation 3 3 0 0 1 0 0 0
Workers' compensation 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0
Public assistance 8 7 4 6 5 3 4 2
Supplemental Security Income 7 7 4 6 5 3 4 2
Other public assistance 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0
Personal contributions 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Memorandum:
Number (thousands)
2,148 631 3,933 928 965 819 650 571
Nonmarried women
Earnings 65 49 11 28 16 7 3 2
Wages and salaries 61 46 10 26 14 7 3 2
Self-employment 5 3 1 3 3 1 0 1
Retirement benefits 26 62 93 87 92 93 96 94
Social Security a 16 55 90 83 90 91 94 92
Benefits other than Social Security 13 26 34 31 37 36 35 27
Other public pensions 5 8 13 12 13 11 15 11
Railroad Retirement 0 0 1 0 1 1 2 1
Government employee pensions 5 7 12 12 12 10 14 10
Military 1 1 1 1 1 2 0 1
Federal 1 3 4 4 5 3 6 3
State or local 3 3 7 8 7 6 8 6
Private pensions or annuities 9 19 22 21 25 26 21 17
Income from assets 49 51 53 50 51 56 60 51
Interest 46 48 51 47 49 53 57 48
Other income from assets 27 25 22 21 22 22 24 20
Dividends 24 22 18 17 18 19 19 15
Rent or royalties 6 5 7 7 7 6 8 6
Estates or trusts 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
Veterans' benefits 1 2 2 2 2 3 3 3
Unemployment compensation 3 2 0 1 0 0 0 0
Workers' compensation 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0
Public assistance 10 10 7 9 7 6 4 8
Supplemental Security Income 9 9 7 9 7 6 3 8
Other public assistance 1 2 0 0 0 1 0 0
Personal contributions 4 3 1 2 1 1 1 0
Memorandum:
Number (thousands)
3,378 1,249 10,997 2,036 2,396 2,680 1,989 1,896
a. Social Security includes retired-worker benefits, dependents' or survivors' benefits, disability benefits, transitionally insured benefits, or special age-72 benefits.
Income Sources of Aged UnitsTable 1.2Percentage with income from specified source, by Social Security beneficiary status, age, marital status, and sex of nonmarried persons
Source of income All units Married couples Nonmarried persons
Total Men Women
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
  Beneficiary
Earnings 42 48 21 70 64 34 15 28 12 9 27 16 17 29 11
Wages and salaries 40 43 18 67 58 29 13 26 10 7 24 12 15 27 10
Self-employment 5 7 5 7 11 9 3 3 2 3 4 4 3 3 1
Retirement benefits 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Social Security a 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Benefits other than Social Security 25 41 43 32 48 53 17 32 36 13 29 39 19 34 34
Other public pensions 7 14 14 10 18 18 5 9 11 2 9 10 6 9 12
Railroad Retirement 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Government employee pensions 7 14 14 10 18 18 4 9 11 2 9 10 5 9 11
Military 0 3 2 1 4 3 0 2 2 0 3 2 0 1 1
Federal 1 2 4 2 3 5 1 2 4 1 1 3 0 2 4
State or local 6 9 8 8 12 11 3 5 7 1 5 5 4 5 7
Private pensions or annuities 19 29 31 25 34 39 13 24 25 11 22 29 14 25 24
Income from assets 39 59 61 52 69 71 25 47 55 16 39 52 29 51 56
Interest 36 56 59 49 66 68 23 45 52 14 37 50 27 48 53
Other income from assets 21 33 29 30 45 39 12 20 23 5 17 22 15 21 23
Dividends 18 29 24 24 39 33 11 17 18 4 16 18 15 18 18
Rent or royalties 6 10 9 9 14 13 2 5 7 1 5 7 3 5 7
Estates or trusts 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Veterans' benefits 3 2 5 4 2 6 2 2 4 2 0 7 2 2 2
Unemployment compensation 2 2 1 3 2 1 1 1 0 2 2 0 1 1 0
Workers' compensation 3 1 1 5 2 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0
Public assistance 13 6 3 6 3 2 20 9 5 19 9 4 20 9 5
Supplemental Security Income 12 5 3 6 2 2 18 8 4 19 9 3 18 8 5
Other public assistance 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 2 0 1 1 0
Personal contributions 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 2 1
Memorandum:
Number (thousands)
1,581 2,146 22,808 789 1,154 9,429 792 992 13,378 243 311 3,473 549 681 9,905
  Nonbeneficiary
Earnings 86 82 35 94 90 57 75 73 22 75 75 34 74 72 17
Wages and salaries 81 76 31 90 83 51 69 68 19 68 67 29 70 69 14
Self-employment 14 13 8 19 18 14 8 6 4 10 10 6 6 4 3
Retirement benefits 15 18 26 17 21 29 13 16 25 14 13 24 12 18 26
Social Security a n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Benefits other than Social Security 15 18 26 17 21 29 13 16 25 14 13 24 12 18 26
Other public pensions 6 10 18 8 12 19 5 7 18 6 8 16 5 6 19
Railroad Retirement 0 1 5 0 1 6 0 1 4 0 1 2 0 0 6
Government employee pensions 6 9 14 7 11 13 5 6 14 6 8 15 5 6 13
Military 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1
Federal 1 3 9 1 4 9 1 2 10 1 1 12 1 3 9
State or local 4 5 5 4 6 6 3 3 4 3 5 3 2 2 5
Private pensions or annuities 9 9 10 10 10 13 8 9 8 8 4 9 8 11 8
Income from assets 64 61 42 75 72 57 49 48 34 44 41 38 53 52 32
Interest 60 58 41 71 69 55 46 44 32 39 40 37 50 47 31
Other income from assets 40 38 19 48 47 28 28 27 14 27 23 15 29 29 14
Dividends 35 33 16 44 41 25 24 24 12 23 21 11 26 26 12
Rent or royalties 11 10 6 14 15 7 8 4 6 9 4 8 7 4 5
Estates or trusts 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
Veterans' benefits 2 2 3 2 2 3 1 1 4 2 1 8 1 2 2
Unemployment compensation 4 3 1 5 4 3 4 3 0 4 4 0 4 2 0
Workers' compensation 2 2 0 2 4 0 1 1 1 2 1 0 1 1 1
Public assistance 4 5 17 2 3 10 8 9 21 6 5 10 9 11 25
Supplemental Security Income 4 5 16 1 2 10 7 8 20 6 5 10 8 9 24
Other public assistance 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 2 1
Personal contributions 2 1 1 1 1 1 3 2 1 1 0 0 4 3 1
Memorandum:
Number (thousands)
10,849 1,903 2,422 6,115 1,016 871 4,735 887 1,551 1,905 319 459 2,829 568 1,092
NOTE: n.a. = not applicable.
a. Social Security includes retired-worker benefits, dependents' or survivors' benefits, disability benefits, transitionally insured benefits, or special age-72 benefits.
Income Sources of Aged UnitsTable 1.3Percentage with income from specified source, by age, marital status, sex of nonmarried persons, race, and Hispanic origin
Source of income All units Married couples Nonmarried persons
Total Men Women
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
  White
Earnings 82 66 23 92 76 36 68 53 13 69 52 19 67 53 11
Wages and salaries 77 60 19 88 70 30 63 48 11 62 46 14 64 49 10
Self-employment 14 11 5 18 15 9 8 5 2 11 8 5 6 4 1
Retirement benefits 26 63 94 27 64 94 25 60 93 24 55 93 26 63 94
Social Security a 12 54 91 11 54 92 14 53 91 11 48 90 15 56 91
Benefits other than Social Security 17 31 43 19 36 52 14 24 36 15 20 39 14 26 35
Other public pensions 7 12 15 8 16 18 5 8 13 6 8 11 5 8 13
Railroad Retirement 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1
Government employee pensions 7 12 14 8 15 17 5 8 12 6 8 11 5 8 12
Military 1 2 2 2 3 3 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1
Federal 1 3 5 1 3 5 1 2 4 1 0 4 1 3 4
State or local 4 7 8 5 10 10 3 5 6 3 6 5 3 4 7
Private pensions or annuities 11 20 31 12 23 38 9 16 25 9 12 29 9 19 24
Income from assets 65 64 63 75 73 72 51 52 57 45 45 54 55 56 58
Interest 61 61 61 71 70 69 47 48 55 40 42 52 53 52 56
Other income from assets 41 39 31 49 48 40 29 26 24 27 21 24 31 28 24
Dividends 37 34 26 44 43 34 26 23 20 23 19 20 28 25 20
Rent or royalties 11 11 10 14 15 13 8 5 7 10 5 7 7 6 7
Estates or trusts 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
Veterans' benefits 2 2 4 2 2 6 2 2 3 2 1 7 1 2 2
Unemployment compensation 4 3 1 5 3 1 4 2 0 3 4 0 4 2 0
Workers' compensation 2 2 0 2 3 1 1 1 0 2 1 0 1 1 0
Public assistance 4 4 4 2 2 2 8 7 5 7 8 3 9 7 5
Supplemental Security Income 4 4 3 2 2 2 7 7 5 7 8 3 8 6 5
Other public assistance 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 0
Personal contributions 2 1 1 1 1 0 3 2 1 1 0 0 4 2 1
Memorandum:
Number (thousands)
10,438 3,468 22,111 6,075 1,952 9,250 4,363 1,515 12,861 1,746 508 3,358 2,617 1,007 9,503
  Black
Earnings 69 47 19 89 72 37 58 35 12 62 45 15 56 30 11
Wages and salaries 66 45 18 85 72 35 55 32 11 59 43 13 53 27 10
Self-employment 6 2 2 11 0 6 3 4 1 3 5 1 3 3 1
Retirement benefits 29 61 92 30 59 95 28 62 90 23 64 88 30 61 91
Social Security a 18 54 88 17 56 89 19 54 87 15 57 86 21 52 87
Benefits other than Social Security 14 26 33 22 24 50 10 27 25 10 24 27 10 28 24
Other public pensions 5 8 15 9 10 23 3 7 11 4 12 14 3 4 10
Railroad Retirement 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Government employee pensions 5 8 14 9 10 22 3 7 11 4 12 14 3 4 10
Military 1 3 1 2 2 2 0 3 1 0 4 1 0 2 1
Federal 2 2 5 2 3 6 2 2 4 2 5 5 2 0 4
State or local 3 3 9 5 5 16 1 2 6 2 3 8 1 2 5
Private pensions or annuities 10 19 19 15 16 30 7 21 14 6 14 13 8 24 15
Income from assets 34 33 29 49 44 44 27 28 22 25 21 29 27 32 20
Interest 32 31 27 47 40 42 24 27 21 23 21 28 25 30 19
Other income from assets 15 11 9 21 14 17 11 10 5 10 12 7 12 8 5
Dividends 12 9 6 18 8 13 9 9 3 9 12 3 9 7 3
Rent or royalties 5 2 4 7 6 6 3 1 3 1 0 4 4 1 2
Estates or trusts 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Veterans' benefits 1 2 5 2 4 5 1 1 5 2 0 8 0 1 4
Unemployment compensation 3 1 1 4 2 2 2 0 0 4 0 0 1 0 0
Workers' compensation 2 1 1 5 3 1 0 1 1 1 2 1 0 0 1
Public assistance 11 15 11 3 9 4 15 17 14 14 3 9 16 24 16
Supplemental Security Income 10 10 10 3 4 4 14 13 13 12 3 8 15 18 15
Other public assistance 1 4 1 0 5 1 1 4 1 2 0 1 1 6 2
Personal contributions 3 0 1 2 0 1 3 0 1 1 0 0 4 0 2
Memorandum:
Number (thousands)
1,496 417 2,286 527 132 691 969 286 1,595 330 98 419 640 188 1,176
  Hispanic origin b
Earnings 73 55 19 88 69 34 59 44 11 67 c 20 53 39 8
Wages and salaries 69 49 17 83 62 30 57 39 10 66 c 18 49 35 8
Self-employment 7 7 3 11 10 8 4 5 1 2 c 3 5 5 0
Retirement benefits 21 47 80 23 50 86 20 45 76 15 c 78 24 48 75
Social Security a 15 43 77 17 48 84 13 40 73 9 c 74 16 41 73
Benefits other than Social Security 9 14 22 9 20 30 8 9 18 6 c 22 9 10 16
Other public pensions 2 3 8 2 3 10 2 3 7 1 c 7 4 4 7
Railroad Retirement 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 c 0 0 0 1
Government employee pensions 2 3 8 2 3 10 2 3 6 1 c 7 4 4 6
Military 0 0 1 0 0 2 0 1 1 0 c 2 0 1 0
Federal 1 1 3 2 2 3 1 1 3 1 c 2 2 1 3
State or local 1 2 4 1 1 5 1 3 3 0 c 3 2 3 3
Private pensions or annuities 6 11 15 7 17 22 6 6 11 6 c 16 5 6 9
Income from assets 30 29 28 39 31 38 21 29 23 17 c 24 24 25 23
Interest 27 27 26 35 29 35 19 27 21 14 c 23 23 24 20
Other income from assets 13 15 9 18 20 13 7 11 7 8 c 4 7 9 7
Dividends 10 10 6 13 15 8 6 7 4 6 c 3 7 5 5
Rent or royalties 4 7 5 7 10 7 1 5 3 2 c 3 1 4 4
Estates or trusts 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 c 0 0 0 0
Veterans' benefits 1 1 2 1 1 4 1 1 1 2 c 2 0 1 0
Unemployment compensation 3 2 1 5 2 3 3 3 0 5 c 0 1 1 0
Workers' compensation 2 3 1 5 4 1 0 2 0 0 c 1 0 1 0
Public assistance 7 11 16 5 8 10 9 13 19 5 c 10 13 17 22
Supplemental Security Income 6 9 16 4 5 10 8 13 19 5 c 9 11 16 22
Other public assistance 1 2 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 0 c 1 2 1 0
Personal contributions 2 2 1 4 1 1 1 3 1 0 c 0 1 5 2
Memorandum:
Number (thousands)
1,041 358 1,502 497 155 540 544 203 962 235 74 243 309 129 719
a. Social Security includes retired-worker benefits, dependents' or survivors' benefits, disability benefits, transitionally insured benefits, or special age-72 benefits.
b. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
c. Fewer than 75,000 weighted cases.
Income Sources of Aged UnitsTable 1.4Percentage with income from specified source, by Social Security beneficiary status, age, race, and Hispanic origin
Source of income Beneficiary Nonbeneficiary
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
  White
Earnings 45 49 22 87 85 36
Retirement benefits 100 100 100 16 19 28
Social Security a 100 100 100 n.a. n.a. n.a.
Benefits other than Social Security 25 41 44 16 19 28
Other public pensions 7 14 14 7 10 20
Railroad Retirement 0 0 1 0 1 6
Government employee pensions 6 14 14 7 10 14
Private pensions or annuities 19 29 32 9 10 10
Income from assets 43 63 65 68 66 47
Veterans' benefits 3 2 5 2 2 3
Public assistance 12 5 3 3 4 14
Memorandum:
Number (thousands)
1,282 1,859 20,226 9,156 1,609 1,885
  Black
Earnings 28 34 18 78 62 31
Retirement benefits 100 100 100 13 15 32
Social Security a 100 100 100 n.a. n.a. n.a.
Benefits other than Social Security 22 35 33 13 15 32
Other public pensions 9 9 14 4 6 20
Railroad Retirement 0 0 0 0 0 3
Government employee pensions 9 9 14 4 6 17
Private pensions or annuities 17 28 20 9 9 16
Income from assets 18 32 29 38 35 31
Veterans' benefits 1 2 5 1 2 4
Public assistance 17 13 10 10 16 20
Memorandum:
Number (thousands)
273 227 2,003 1,223 190 283
  Hispanic origin b
Earnings 32 36 18 80 69 25
Retirement benefits 100 100 100 8 7 13
Social Security a 100 100 100 n.a. n.a. n.a.
Benefits other than Social Security 12 24 25 8 7 13
Other public pensions 2 3 8 2 4 7
Railroad Retirement 0 0 0 0 0 1
Government employee pensions 2 3 8 2 4 6
Private pensions or annuities 11 21 18 5 3 6
Income from assets 24 32 32 31 27 16
Veterans' benefits 1 2 2 1 1 1
Public assistance 17 10 12 6 11 28
Memorandum:
Number (thousands)
152 155 1,155 889 203 347
NOTE: n.a. = not applicable.
a. Social Security includes retired-worker benefits, dependents' or survivors' benefits, disability benefits, transitionally insured benefits, or special age-72 benefits.
b. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
Income Sources of Aged UnitsTable 1.5Distribution of those receiving retirement benefits, earnings, and income from assets, by age, marital status, and sex of nonmarried persons
Retirement benefits Aged 55-61 Aged 62-64 Aged 65 or older
Total Earnings Income from assets Total Earnings Income from assets Total Earnings Income from assets
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
  All units
Total percent 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
No benefit 74 82 43 75 72 38 51 17 36 42 7 12 6 4 12
One benefit 22 16 47 21 25 40 34 51 37 45 54 52 55 47 64
Social Security only a 10 5 28 5 17 32 24 44 25 41 52 50 52 44 63
Private pension or annuity only 8 6 12 10 4 4 5 3 6 2 1 1 1 1 1
Government employee pension only b 5 5 7 6 3 4 5 3 5 2 1 1 1 1 1
Railroad Retirement only 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Two benefits 3 2 9 4 3 20 15 30 25 13 37 33 37 46 23
Social Security and federal pension only 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 1 0 3 2 3 4 2
Social Security and Railroad Retirement, state/local, or military pension only 1 0 2 1 1 5 4 6 6 3 7 8 7 9 4
Social Security and private pension only 2 1 6 2 2 14 10 21 17 9 26 23 27 32 17
Other combination 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0
Three or more benefit types 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 3 2 0 2 2 2 3 1
Memorandum:
Number (thousands)
12,430 9,964 2,466 7,536 4,894 4,049 2,584 1,466 2,434 1,615 25,230 5,675 19,555 14,985 10,245
  Married couples
Total percent 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
No benefit 74 78 29 75 70 37 45 13 36 40 6 11 3 4 10
One benefit 22 20 52 21 26 37 37 38 35 42 45 49 43 40 57
Social Security only a 8 6 23 5 16 28 27 31 24 38 43 47 41 38 55
Private pension or annuity only 8 7 20 10 5 4 5 3 6 1 1 1 1 1 1
Government employee pension only b 6 6 9 6 5 5 5 4 6 3 1 1 1 1 1
Railroad Retirement only 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Two benefits 4 3 16 4 4 24 18 43 26 17 45 37 49 50 32
Social Security and federal pension only 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 3 1 1 3 2 4 4 2
Social Security and Railroad Retirement, state/local, or military pension only 1 0 3 1 1 6 5 11 6 6 9 9 9 10 6
Social Security and private pension only 2 2 12 2 3 16 12 27 18 10 32 25 35 35 23
Other combination 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1
Three or more benefit types 0 0 3 0 0 2 1 7 3 1 4 3 5 5 2
Memorandum:
Number (thousands)
6,903 6,319 584 5,000 1,904 2,170 1,651 519 1,538 632 10,300 3,738 6,562 7,148 3,152
  Nonmarried persons
Total percent 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
No benefit 75 89 47 76 74 40 61 19 37 42 8 15 7 3 13
One benefit 22 10 46 21 24 43 29 58 39 47 60 57 61 53 68
Social Security only a 12 3 30 5 18 36 20 51 29 42 58 55 58 50 66
Private pension or annuity only 7 5 10 10 4 4 5 3 7 2 1 2 1 1 1
Government employee pension only b 4 3 6 6 2 3 3 3 4 2 1 1 1 2 1
Railroad Retirement only 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Two benefits 3 1 7 4 2 17 10 23 23 11 31 27 32 41 19
Social Security and federal pension only 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 2 0 3 2 3 4 1
Social Security and Railroad Retirement, state/local, or military pension only 1 0 1 1 0 3 3 4 5 2 6 6 6 9 4
Social Security and private pension only 2 0 4 2 1 12 7 18 16 9 22 18 22 28 14
Other combination 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0
Three or more benefit types 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 2 0
Memorandum:
Number (thousands)
5,527 3,645 1,881 2,536 2,990 1,880 932 947 896 983 14,930 1,937 12,993 7,837 7,093
Nonmarried men
Total percent 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
No benefit 77 91 47 76 77 44 70 17 42 45 9 19 7 4 13
One benefit 22 9 48 23 21 41 24 60 39 43 57 54 57 49 65
Social Security only a 10 2 27 3 14 35 19 51 29 39 54 52 55 45 64
Private pension or annuity only 7 4 13 11 4 2 2 3 4 1 1 1 1 1 1
Government employee pension only b 5 3 8 8 3 4 3 5 5 3 2 1 2 3 0
Railroad Retirement only 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Two benefits 2 0 5 1 2 14 6 22 17 11 34 26 35 46 22
Social Security and federal pension only 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 2 1 3 3 2
Social Security and Railroad Retirement, state/local, or military pension only 0 0 0 0 0 3 3 3 3 3 6 7 6 9 3
Social Security and private pension only 1 0 4 1 2 10 3 18 13 8 25 18 26 33 17
Other combination 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Three or more benefit types 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 2 0 1 0 1 1 0
Memorandum:
Number (thousands)
2,148 1,458 691 882 1,267 631 323 308 254 376 3,933 704 3,228 1,969 1,964
Nonmarried women
Total percent 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
No benefit 74 88 48 76 72 38 57 19 35 40 7 12 7 3 12
One benefit 23 11 45 19 26 44 31 57 40 49 61 59 62 55 69
Social Security only a 13 3 31 5 21 36 20 51 28 44 59 56 59 52 67
Private pension or annuity only 6 5 8 9 3 5 7 4 8 3 1 2 1 1 1
Government employee pension only b 3 3 5 5 2 3 4 2 3 2 1 1 1 2 1
Railroad Retirement only 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0
Two benefits 4 1 7 5 2 18 12 24 25 11 30 27 30 40 18
Social Security and federal pension only 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 2 0 3 3 3 4 1
Social Security and Railroad Retirement, state/local, or military pension only 1 0 2 1 1 3 3 4 5 1 6 5 7 8 4
Social Security and private pension only 2 1 5 3 1 14 9 18 18 9 20 18 21 27 13
Other combination 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0
Three or more benefit types 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 2 1 2 0
Memorandum:
Number (thousands)
3,378 2,188 1,190 1,655 1,723 1,249 610 639 642 607 10,997 1,233 9,764 5,868 5,129
a. Social Security includes retired-worker benefits, dependents' or survivors' benefits, disability benefits, transitionally insured benefits, or special age-72 benefits.
b. Includes federal, state, local, and military pensions.
Income Sources of Units 65 or OlderTable 1.6Percentage with income from specified source, by quintiles of total money income and marital status
Source of income Total First Second Third Fourth Fifth
  All units
Earnings 22 4 7 16 30 55
Retirement benefits 93 79 98 97 97 94
Social Security a 90 77 96 96 93 91
Benefits other than Social Security 41 8 24 47 65 62
Other public pensions 15 2 7 14 22 28
Railroad Retirement 1 1 1 1 2 1
Government employee pensions 14 2 6 13 21 28
Private pensions or annuities 29 5 17 35 47 40
Income from assets 59 24 46 63 76 87
Veterans' benefits 4 3 3 5 5 6
Public assistance 5 15 4 2 1 1
Memorandum:
Number (thousands)
25,230 5,026 5,107 4,998 5,101 4,999
  Married couples
Earnings 36 15 19 32 49 67
Retirement benefits 94 87 98 98 96 92
Social Security a 92 84 96 96 94 89
Benefits other than Social Security 51 15 44 67 69 59
Other public pensions 18 5 11 19 27 29
Railroad Retirement 1 1 1 3 0 1
Government employee pensions 17 5 10 17 27 28
Private pensions or annuities 37 10 34 51 50 37
Income from assets 69 39 60 75 81 92
Veterans' benefits 6 4 6 6 8 5
Public assistance 2 7 3 1 1 1
Memorandum:
Number (thousands)
10,300 2,048 2,070 2,076 2,056 2,050
  Nonmarried persons
Earnings 13 3 4 7 16 35
Retirement benefits 92 73 96 99 98 95
Social Security a 90 71 95 96 96 89
Benefits other than Social Security 34 6 12 32 60 62
Other public pensions 12 2 3 9 19 29
Railroad Retirement 1 1 1 1 1 1
Government employee pensions 11 1 2 7 18 28
Private pensions or annuities 23 4 10 23 43 37
Income from assets 52 22 31 55 69 84
Veterans' benefits 4 2 3 3 5 5
Public assistance 6 18 9 3 1 1
Memorandum:
Number (thousands)
14,930 2,980 2,950 3,035 2,985 2,980
NOTE: Quintile limits are $9,295, $14,980, $23,631, and $39,719 for all units; $17,877, $26,641, $37,440, and $60,015 for married couples; and $7,616, $10,723, $15,308, and $24,394 for nonmarried persons.
a. Social Security includes retired-worker benefits, dependents' or survivors' benefits, disability benefits, transitionally insured benefits, or special age-72 benefits.
Income Sources of Aged PersonsTable 1.7Percentage with income from specified source, by marital status, age, and sex
Source of income Total Married persons Nonmarried persons
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
  All persons
Earnings 70 50 17 72 50 20 66 50 13
Retirement benefits 20 58 93 17 57 93 25 60 92
Social Security a 9 51 90 7 50 90 14 53 90
Benefits other than Social Security 12 24 34 12 24 34 13 24 34
Other public pensions 5 9 12 5 9 11 5 8 12
Railroad Retirement 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1
Government employee pensions 5 9 11 5 9 11 5 8 11
Private pensions or annuities 8 16 24 7 15 24 9 17 23
Income from assets 60 61 60 66 67 65 46 48 52
Veterans' benefits 1 1 3 1 1 3 1 1 4
Public assistance 4 4 4 1 2 2 9 9 6
Memorandum:
Number (thousands)
17,777 6,007 32,979 12,250 4,127 18,049 5,527 1,880 14,930
  Men
Earnings 79 58 23 83 60 25 68 51 18
Retirement benefits 22 57 93 22 57 93 23 56 91
Social Security a 8 47 89 7 46 90 11 49 88
Benefits other than Social Security 16 30 43 17 32 45 14 21 37
Other public pensions 6 12 13 7 13 14 5 8 11
Railroad Retirement 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0
Government employee pensions 6 12 12 7 13 13 5 8 11
Private pensions or annuities 10 19 31 10 20 32 8 13 27
Income from assets 61 61 62 68 67 66 41 40 50
Veterans' benefits 2 2 6 2 2 6 2 1 7
Public assistance 3 3 2 1 2 2 8 7 4
Memorandum:
Number (thousands)
8,481 2,771 14,179 6,333 2,140 10,246 2,148 631 3,933
  Women
Earnings 62 43 12 61 39 14 65 49 11
Retirement benefits 17 59 92 12 57 92 26 62 93
Social Security a 10 54 90 6 53 90 16 55 90
Benefits other than Social Security 9 19 28 7 15 20 13 26 34
Other public pensions 4 6 11 3 5 8 5 8 13
Railroad Retirement 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
Government employee pensions 4 6 10 3 5 7 5 7 12
Private pensions or annuities 5 13 18 4 10 13 9 19 22
Income from assets 59 61 58 64 67 65 49 51 53
Veterans' benefits 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 2 2
Public assistance 5 5 5 2 2 2 10 10 7
Memorandum:
Number (thousands)
9,296 3,236 18,799 5,917 1,987 7,802 3,378 1,249 10,997
a. Social Security includes retired-worker benefits, dependents' or survivors' benefits, disability benefits, transitionally insured benefits, or special age-72 benefits.
Income Sources of Aged PersonsTable 1.8Percentage with income from specified source, by race, Hispanic origin, age, and sex
Source of income White Black Hispanic origin a
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
  All persons
Earnings 71 51 17 62 39 15 61 43 13
Retirement benefits 19 59 93 25 59 91 16 45 81
Social Security b 9 51 91 14 53 87 11 42 78
Benefits other than Social Security 13 25 35 13 23 29 7 12 19
Other public pensions 5 9 12 5 8 12 2 2 7
Railroad Retirement 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Government employee pensions 5 9 11 5 8 12 2 2 6
Private pensions or annuities 8 16 25 8 16 17 4 9 12
Income from assets 64 64 63 32 35 29 30 29 28
Veterans' benefits 1 1 3 1 2 4 1 1 1
Public assistance 3 3 3 9 11 9 5 8 14
Memorandum:
Number (thousands)
15,191 5,217 29,123 1,863 537 2,789 1,393 490 1,882
  Men
Earnings 80 58 23 70 48 19 74 50 21
Retirement benefits 22 58 93 24 58 92 17 45 84
Social Security b 8 47 91 12 52 85 10 42 81
Benefits other than Social Security 16 31 44 16 22 36 8 16 26
Other public pensions 7 13 13 5 8 17 2 2 8
Railroad Retirement 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0
Government employee pensions 6 12 12 5 8 16 2 2 8
Private pensions or annuities 10 19 32 10 15 20 6 14 18
Income from assets 64 64 65 37 29 35 30 31 32
Veterans' benefits 2 2 6 2 2 6 1 1 3
Public assistance 2 3 2 7 5 5 3 6 8
Memorandum:
Number (thousands)
7,322 2,432 12,562 804 228 1,110 677 222 777
  Women
Earnings 63 44 12 56 33 13 49 38 8
Retirement benefits 17 60 93 26 60 91 16 46 79
Social Security b 9 55 91 16 53 88 11 42 76
Benefits other than Social Security 9 19 29 11 25 24 5 8 14
Other public pensions 4 6 11 4 7 10 2 3 6
Railroad Retirement 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
Government employee pensions 4 6 10 4 7 9 2 3 5
Private pensions or annuities 5 13 19 7 17 15 3 5 8
Income from assets 63 64 62 29 40 24 30 28 26
Veterans' benefits 1 1 1 0 1 3 0 1 0
Public assistance 4 4 3 10 16 12 8 10 18
Memorandum:
Number (thousands)
7,869 2,785 16,560 1,058 309 1,680 716 268 1,104
a. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
b. Social Security includes retired-worker benefits, dependents' or survivors' benefits, disability benefits, transitionally insured benefits, or special age-72 benefits.
Income Sources of Nonmarried Persons 65 or OlderTable 1.9Percentage with income from specified source, by sex and marital status
Source of income Nonmarried men Nonmarried women
Total a Widowed Never
married
Divorced Total a Widowed Never
married
Divorced
Earnings 18 13 21 26 11 9 12 23
Wages and salaries 14 10 16 20 10 8 11 21
Self-employment 4 3 5 6 1 1 1 3
Retirement benefits 91 94 84 92 93 93 85 92
Social Security b 88 92 83 89 90 91 80 89
Benefits other than Social Security 37 38 32 37 34 34 39 32
Other public pensions 11 10 8 14 13 13 14 12
Railroad Retirement 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 1
Government employee pensions 11 9 8 14 12 11 13 12
Military 2 2 1 4 1 1 0 0
Federal 4 3 4 4 4 4 5 5
State or local 5 5 4 6 7 6 9 7
Private pensions or annuities 27 29 23 25 22 23 26 20
Income from assets 50 52 50 47 53 53 53 56
Interest 48 50 47 46 51 51 51 55
Other income from assets 21 22 22 19 22 21 27 23
Dividends 17 18 19 16 18 17 24 20
Rent or royalties 7 8 6 7 7 7 6 7
Estates or trusts 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Veterans' benefits 7 6 11 7 2 3 0 1
Unemployment compensation 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
Workers' compensation 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
Public assistance 4 3 9 5 7 6 10 9
Supplemental Security Income 4 3 8 5 7 6 9 9
Other public assistance 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0
Personal contributions 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 4
Memorandum:
Number (thousands)
3,933 2,072 600 930 10,997 8,528 702 1,395
a. Includes persons who are separated or married but living apart from their spouse.
b. Social Security includes retired-worker benefits, dependents' or survivors' benefits, disability benefits, transitionally insured benefits, or special age-72 benefits.