Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2004
(Expanded Edition)

 

Key Terms and Concepts for Section 2 1

Table characteristics

Age. Age classification is based on the age of the person at his or her last birthday as of March 2005. A married couple's age is defined as the age of the husband—unless he is under age 55 and the wife is 55 or older, in which case it is the age of the wife.

Aged unit. With age 55 as the cutoff, aged units are defined as married couples living together—at least one of whom is 55 or older—and nonmarried persons 55 or older.

Marital status. Married persons are married and living with their spouse. Nonmarried persons may be divorced, widowed, never married, separated, or married but living apart from their spouse.

Race. The categories White alone, Black alone, and Asian alone reflect respondents who reported only one race. Because of changes to the race category, data on race are not directly comparable to editions prior to 2002. A person's race is his or her reported race. A married couple's race is defined as the race of the husband.

Hispanic origin. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. A married couple is of Hispanic origin if the husband is of Hispanic origin.

Family. A family is a group of two or more people (one of whom is the householder) related by birth, marriage, or adoption and residing together; all such people (including related subfamily members) are considered as members of one family.

Social Security beneficiary. A beneficiary may be receiving retired-worker-benefits, dependents' or survivor benefits, disability benefits, or transitionally insured benefits.

Poverty. The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to detect who is poor. If a family's total income is less than that family's threshold, then that family, and every individual in it, is considered poor.

Per capita income. Per capita income is total family income divided by the number of persons in the family.

The ratio of Social Security income to total income. This ratio is defined as Social Security income divided by total income. Units and persons in families with less than $1 of total income or negative earnings or asset income are excluded from these tables.

Income sources

Earnings

Wages and salaries. Wages and salaries is defined as total money earnings received for work performed as an employee during the income year. It includes wages, salary, Armed Forces pay, commissions, tips, piece-rate payments, and cash bonuses earned, before deductions are made for taxes, bonds, pensions, union dues, and so forth. Earnings for self-employed incorporated businesses are considered wage and salary.

Self-employment. Income from self-employment is the combined income from farm and nonfarm self-employment.

Retirement benefits

Social Security. Includes retired-worker benefits, dependents' or survivor benefits, disability benefits, and transitionally insured benefits.

Government employee pensions. Government employee pensions include regular payments from federal government (civil service), military, and state or local governments.

Private pensions and annuities. Private pensions and annuities include regular payments from companies or unions, annuities or paid-up insurance policies, individual retirement accounts (IRAs), Keogh, or 401(k) payments. Nonregular (nonannuitized or lump-sum) withdrawals from IRA, Keogh, and 401(k) plans are not included as income.

Asset income

Interest income. Interest includes payments people receive (or have credited to their accounts) from bonds, treasury notes, IRAs, certificates of deposit, interest-bearing savings and checking accounts, and all other investments that pay interest.

Dividends. Dividends include income people receive from stock holdings and mutual fund shares. The CPS does not include capital gains from the sale of stock holdings as income.

Rents, royalties, and estates and trusts. Include net income people receive from the rental of a house, store, or other property, receipts from boarders or lodgers, net royalty income, and periodic payments from estate or trust funds.

Unemployment compensation. Payments include those the respondent received from government unemployment agencies or private companies during periods of unemployment and any strike benefits the respondent received from union funds.

Workers' compensation. Payment includes those received periodically from public or private insurance companies for injuries received at work Veterans' payments. Include payments disabled members of the Armed Forces or survivors of deceased veterans receive periodically from the Department of Veterans Affairs for education, on-the-job training, and means-tested assistance.

Public Assistance—Cash benefits

Supplemental Security Income. Supplemental Security Income includes payments made by federal, State, and local welfare agencies to low-income persons who are aged (65 or older), blind, or disabled, and who have limited income and financial resources.

Other Public Assistance. Public assistance or welfare payments include public assistance payments such as Aid to Families with Dependent Children (now Temporary Aid to Needy Families) and general assistance.

Public Assistance—Noncash Benefits

Noncash benefits. Include food stamps, energy assistance, and housing assistance. Receipt of noncash benefits is only reported in the section on the sources of income received. No dollar values are assigned to the noncash benefits in this publication, and they are not included in total money income. A person or aged unit is indicated as having received a noncash benefit if any person in the household received food, energy, or housing assistance.

Food. In this publication, food noncash benefits are comprised solely of food stamps.

Energy. The Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program provides financial assistance to qualified households to help them pay heating costs.

Housing. There are some programs through which housing assistance is provided to low-income families and individuals living in public or privately owned dwellings. Two of the more common types of programs in which federal, State, and local funds are used to subsidize private sector housing are rent supplement and interest reduction plans.

Notes

1 For more information, consult the Glossary for this report.

Tables

Table 2.A1 Percentage with income from specified source, by marital status and age, 2004
Source of income Aged
55–61
Aged
62–64
Aged 65 or older
Total 65–69 70–74 75–79 80 or
older
All units
Earnings 81.3 64.5 23.5 44.4 28.3 16.4 6.7
Wages and salaries 76.4 59.7 20.6 40.1 24.2 13.8 5.5
Self-employment 12.4 10.6 4.6 7.9 6.0 3.3 1.7
Retirement benefits 25.6 57.9 91.7 86.9 92.4 93.4 94.3
Social Security 12.8 46.4 89.1 83.8 89.9 91.1 91.7
Benefits other than Social Security 16.1 29.4 41.1 39.0 42.2 43.2 40.6
Other public pensions 7.0 11.7 14.2 14.5 14.7 15.0 13.1
Railroad Retirement 0.1 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.8 1.0 0.9
Government employee pensions 6.9 11.1 13.5 14.1 13.9 14.1 12.3
Military 1.3 2.1 1.7 2.3 1.7 1.4 1.3
Federal 1.5 3.0 4.4 4.0 4.5 4.4 4.7
State or local 4.3 6.4 8.2 8.4 8.5 8.9 7.3
Private pensions or annuities 9.8 19.3 29.2 26.7 30.4 30.5 29.6
Income from assets 58.0 58.7 55.1 56.7 56.9 53.7 53.3
Interest 54.8 55.3 51.6 53.3 53.4 50.2 49.6
Other income from assets 29.6 31.1 25.3 26.7 27.6 24.8 22.7
Dividends 25.2 25.9 20.1 21.6 22.0 19.6 17.8
Rent or royalties 9.2 10.7 8.7 9.1 9.6 8.2 8.0
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.5
Veterans' benefits 3.7 2.4 4.2 3.3 4.2 4.1 5.0
Unemployment compensation 4.9 3.4 0.8 2.0 0.6 0.4 0.2
Workers' compensation 1.6 1.3 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.2 0.1
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 9.4 10.0 11.8 11.9 12.4 10.9 11.9
Cash public assistance 4.8 4.9 4.4 5.1 4.8 3.6 4.0
Supplemental Security Income 4.4 4.6 4.2 5.0 4.3 3.5 3.9
Other 0.7 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.2
Noncash benefits 6.9 7.8 9.8 9.5 10.2 9.3 10.0
Food 4.5 4.8 4.3 4.8 5.0 3.9 3.6
Energy 1.7 2.3 2.9 2.7 2.8 2.8 3.1
Housing 2.8 3.2 4.8 4.3 5.0 4.9 5.2
Personal contributions 2.1 1.3 0.9 1.2 0.8 0.6 0.9
Number (thousands) 15,772 4,990 26,865 7,078 5,999 5,827 7,960
Married couples
Earnings 91.7 77.1 36.9 57.1 39.1 23.7 13.4
Wages and salaries 86.9 71.9 32.2 51.6 33.0 20.1 11.0
Self-employment 16.5 13.8 8.4 11.9 9.9 5.1 3.8
Retirement benefits 26.5 59.0 93.1 88.9 94.6 95.5 95.7
Social Security 12.0 45.2 90.1 85.5 91.7 93.0 92.8
Benefits other than Social Security 18.4 35.8 50.7 46.7 52.0 53.1 53.5
Other public pensions 8.1 14.2 18.5 17.1 19.4 19.4 18.9
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.9 1.0 0.5 1.0 1.3 1.2
Government employee pensions 8.0 13.5 17.6 16.6 18.4 18.1 17.9
Military 1.8 3.0 2.3 2.7 2.3 1.7 2.2
Federal 1.8 3.4 5.8 5.2 6.2 5.6 6.7
State or local 4.7 7.7 10.7 9.6 11.0 11.8 11.3
Private pensions or annuities 11.0 23.9 36.5 33.2 37.3 38.0 39.3
Income from assets 69.0 68.0 67.4 67.7 68.3 64.8 68.5
Interest 65.5 64.4 63.7 64.2 64.1 61.5 64.5
Other income from assets 37.7 38.7 34.8 35.4 36.2 32.4 34.7
Dividends 32.4 33.3 28.7 29.5 29.7 26.2 28.9
Rent or royalties 11.8 12.7 12.0 12.1 13.2 10.4 12.0
Estates or trusts 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2
Veterans' benefits 4.3 2.7 5.4 4.1 4.7 5.1 8.9
Unemployment compensation 5.6 4.2 1.4 2.8 1.1 0.6 0.2
Workers' compensation 1.8 1.3 0.6 0.8 0.9 0.2 0.1
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 4.6 4.3 4.9 4.9 5.5 4.1 5.0
Cash public assistance 2.9 2.6 2.4 2.8 2.9 1.8 1.7
Supplemental Security Income 2.7 2.6 2.2 2.7 2.3 1.6 1.7
Other 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.7 0.2 0
Noncash benefits 2.6 2.4 3.5 3.0 4.2 3.1 4.0
Food 1.8 1.5 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8
Energy 0.6 0.9 1.2 1.0 1.3 1.1 1.4
Housing 0.8 0.4 1.2 0.8 1.6 1.1 1.6
Personal contributions 0.9 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.7
Number (thousands) 8,681 2,745 10,930 3,710 2,731 2,342 2,146
Nonmarried persons
Earnings 68.6 49.2 14.4 30.4 19.2 11.4 4.2
Wages and salaries 63.5 44.8 12.6 27.5 16.9 9.6 3.5
Self-employment 7.3 6.8 2.1 3.5 2.8 2.1 0.9
Retirement benefits 24.5 56.6 90.8 84.7 90.5 92.0 93.7
Social Security 13.8 47.9 88.4 82.0 88.3 89.9 91.3
Benefits other than Social Security 13.4 21.7 34.5 30.4 34.0 36.6 35.8
Other public pensions 5.6 8.5 11.3 11.7 10.7 12.1 11.0
Railroad Retirement 0.1 0.3 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.8
Government employee pensions 5.5 8.3 10.7 11.3 10.2 11.4 10.3
Military 0.7 1.0 1.2 1.8 1.2 1.2 0.9
Federal 1.1 2.5 3.4 2.8 3.0 3.6 3.9
State or local 3.8 4.9 6.4 7.0 6.5 7.0 5.8
Private pensions or annuities 8.4 13.8 24.2 19.4 24.6 25.4 26.0
Income from assets 44.4 47.4 46.7 44.6 47.4 46.3 47.7
Interest 41.6 44.2 43.2 41.3 44.4 42.6 44.1
Other income from assets 19.7 21.8 18.8 17.1 20.4 19.6 18.3
Dividends 16.4 16.7 14.3 12.9 15.6 15.2 13.8
Rent or royalties 6.0 8.3 6.4 5.8 6.7 6.7 6.5
Estates or trusts 0.3 0 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.3 0.7
Veterans' benefits 2.9 2.0 3.3 2.4 3.7 3.4 3.5
Unemployment compensation 4.0 2.3 0.4 1.2 0.2 0.3 0.2
Workers' compensation 1.4 1.3 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.1
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 15.2 16.9 16.5 19.7 18.1 15.5 14.5
Cash public assistance 7.3 7.7 5.8 7.7 6.3 4.7 4.9
Supplemental Security Income 6.5 7.0 5.6 7.6 6.0 4.7 4.7
Other 1.1 0.9 0.2 0.2 0.3 0 0.2
Noncash benefits 12.2 14.5 14.1 16.8 15.3 13.5 12.2
Food 7.8 8.8 5.9 8.0 7.6 5.2 4.2
Energy 3.1 4.1 4.0 4.7 3.9 3.9 3.8
Housing 5.3 6.6 7.3 8.1 7.8 7.4 6.5
Personal contributions 3.6 2.3 1.2 1.9 1.2 0.8 0.9
Number (thousands) 7,091 2,245 15,935 3,368 3,268 3,485 5,814
 
Table 2.A2 Percentage with income from specified source, by Social Security beneficiary status, marital status, and age, 2004
Source of income All units Married couples Nonmarried persons
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
Beneficiary units
Earnings 43.2 46.0 21.9 69.7 61.7 34.9 15.1 27.7 12.9
Wages and salaries 39.6 41.1 18.9 64.3 55.9 30.1 13.5 23.9 11.1
Self-employment 6.3 8.0 4.6 10.5 10.9 8.3 1.8 4.7 2.0
Retirement benefits 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Social Security 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Benefits other than Social Security 26.1 38.6 43.2 32.1 48.6 53.0 19.8 27.1 36.3
Other public pensions 7.9 12.3 14.1 8.9 16.5 18.5 7.0 7.5 11.0
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.5 0 0 0.4
Government employee pensions 7.8 12.3 13.7 8.6 16.4 18.1 7.0 7.5 10.6
Military 1.5 2.0 1.7 2.4 3.1 2.4 0.5 0.7 1.3
Federal 1.3 2.1 4.2 1.2 2.0 5.7 1.4 2.2 3.1
State or local 5.1 8.5 8.6 5.1 11.8 11.3 5.1 4.6 6.6
Private pensions or annuities 19.6 29.0 31.6 25.2 36.3 39.1 13.7 20.5 26.4
Income from assets 38.4 54.5 57.0 49.1 63.3 69.2 27.0 44.5 48.5
Interest 35.0 50.6 53.4 45.6 58.1 65.4 23.7 41.9 45.0
Other income from assets 16.3 26.1 26.4 20.7 33.4 36.0 11.6 17.7 19.7
Dividends 12.2 21.3 21.0 15.2 27.5 29.6 8.9 14.2 15.1
Rent or royalties 6.7 8.5 9.0 8.5 10.4 12.5 4.7 6.3 6.6
Estates or trusts 0.1 0 0.4 0.2 0 0.2 0 0 0.6
Veterans' benefits 9.0 3.4 4.4 11.6 3.8 5.7 6.2 3.0 3.5
Unemployment compensation 2.5 2.7 0.8 4.4 3.6 1.3 0.5 1.6 0.4
Workers' compensation 2.4 1.6 0.4 2.5 2.1 0.6 2.2 0.9 0.2
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 21.9 12.9 10.7 12.0 6.3 3.8 32.4 20.5 15.6
Cash public assistance 10.9 5.1 3.2 7.2 3.2 1.5 14.9 7.2 4.4
Supplemental Security Income 10.1 4.7 3.0 6.6 3.2 1.3 13.9 6.4 4.2
Other 1.3 0.5 0.2 0.8 0 0.2 1.7 0.9 0.2
Noncash benefits 16.5 10.4 9.3 7.4 4.1 2.9 26.1 17.6 13.8
Food 11.3 6.3 3.9 5.4 2.4 1.5 17.5 10.8 5.5
Energy 4.9 4.3 2.8 1.6 1.8 1.0 8.3 7.1 4.1
Housing 7.9 3.6 4.7 2.4 0.6 0.9 13.8 7.1 7.4
Personal contributions 2.2 0.9 0.8 1.2 0.3 0.4 3.3 1.6 1.0
Number (thousands) 2,016 2,316 23,936 1,037 1,242 9,848 979 1,075 14,088
Nonbeneficiary units
Earnings 86.9 80.6 36.8 94.6 89.8 55.3 77.2 68.9 26.0
Wages and salaries 81.8 75.8 34.3 90.0 85.1 51.7 71.5 63.9 24.0
Self-employment 13.3 12.9 5.1 17.4 16.2 9.2 8.2 8.7 2.6
Retirement benefits 14.7 21.5 24.0 16.5 25.2 30.0 12.4 16.7 20.4
Social Security 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Benefits other than Social Security 14.7 21.5 24.0 16.5 25.2 30.0 12.4 16.7 20.4
Other public pensions 6.9 11.1 15.7 8.0 12.4 18.6 5.4 9.4 14.0
Railroad Retirement 0.1 1.1 3.9 0.1 1.4 5.5 0.1 0.6 3.0
Government employee pensions 6.7 10.1 12.1 7.9 11.0 13.4 5.2 9.0 11.3
Military 1.3 2.1 0.9 1.7 2.8 1.3 0.7 1.2 0.7
Federal 1.5 3.8 6.2 1.9 4.6 6.6 1.1 2.7 6.0
State or local 4.1 4.6 5.1 4.6 4.2 5.5 3.6 5.1 4.8
Private pensions or annuities 8.4 11.0 9.2 9.0 13.7 12.0 7.5 7.6 7.5
Income from assets 60.8 62.3 39.2 71.7 71.9 50.3 47.2 50.1 32.7
Interest 57.7 59.4 36.4 68.2 69.6 47.8 44.5 46.4 29.7
Other income from assets 31.6 35.4 16.6 40.0 43.1 24.4 21.0 25.5 12.0
Dividends 27.1 29.8 12.7 34.8 38.1 20.4 17.5 19.1 8.2
Rent or royalties 9.6 12.7 5.9 12.3 14.7 7.6 6.2 10.2 4.9
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.5 0 0.3 0.1 0.2
Veterans' benefits 2.9 1.5 2.2 3.3 1.8 2.5 2.4 1.1 2.1
Unemployment compensation 5.2 3.9 1.1 5.8 4.7 2.0 4.5 2.9 0.6
Workers' compensation 1.5 1.1 0.5 1.8 0.6 0.5 1.3 1.7 0.6
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 7.6 7.5 20.4 3.6 2.7 14.4 12.5 13.6 23.9
Cash public assistance 4.0 4.8 14.1 2.3 2.1 10.6 6.0 8.2 16.1
Supplemental Security Income 3.6 4.5 13.8 2.1 2.1 10.2 5.3 7.6 16.0
Other 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.4 1.0 0.8 0.2
Noncash benefits 5.5 5.7 13.3 1.9 1.0 8.9 10.0 11.6 15.9
Food 3.5 3.4 7.6 1.4 0.7 4.7 6.2 6.9 9.2
Energy 1.3 0.6 3.3 0.4 0.1 3.0 2.3 1.3 3.5
Housing 2.1 2.9 5.7 0.5 0.3 4.4 4.0 6.1 6.4
Personal contributions 2.1 1.6 1.8 0.9 0.6 1.2 3.6 2.9 2.2
Number (thousands) 13,756 2,674 2,929 7,644 1,503 1,082 6,112 1,171 1,847
 
Table 2.A3 Percentage with income from specified source, by marital status, race, Hispanic origin, and age, 2004
Source of income White alone Black alone Asian alone Hispanic origin
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
All units
Earnings 83.1 66.0 23.8 69.9 52.6 21.0 79.3 64.1 22.4 75.8 59.4 20.8
Wages and salaries 78.0 60.7 20.6 67.3 50.6 20.3 73.6 62.8 20.2 72.4 55.4 19.1
Self-employment 13.6 11.4 5.1 5.0 5.3 1.1 9.8 6.1 3.3 6.9 5.4 2.8
Retirement benefits 25.9 58.4 93.1 26.6 59.4 86.9 14.4 36.8 68.5 19.8 46.1 78.4
Social Security 12.4 46.4 90.7 16.8 51.5 83.1 6.3 30.0 65.9 11.3 35.4 76.0
Benefits other than Social Security 16.9 31.0 43.2 13.0 23.1 27.9 10.0 13.9 25.3 10.7 19.6 20.1
Other public pensions 7.4 12.1 14.8 5.1 10.0 10.4 4.4 5.4 11.5 4.5 8.7 5.5
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.7 0.8 0.1 0.2 0.5 0 0 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.4
Government employee pensions 7.3 11.4 14.0 5.0 10.0 10.1 4.4 5.4 11.2 4.4 8.5 5.1
Military 1.3 2.3 1.7 1.0 0.7 0.7 1.0 0 1.9 0.8 0.9 0.2
Federal 1.5 3.0 4.5 1.1 3.0 3.9 2.1 2.3 3.7 1.1 3.9 2.3
State or local 4.6 6.4 8.5 2.9 6.8 5.8 1.4 3.0 5.9 2.5 4.1 2.6
Private pensions or annuities 10.2 20.7 31.0 8.1 13.6 18.3 5.8 8.5 16.2 6.4 11.7 15.2
Income from assets 62.0 63.0 59.1 33.9 29.6 26.3 49.4 45.8 41.2 33.9 26.7 22.6
Interest 58.7 59.5 55.3 31.4 27.4 24.2 46.5 40.6 37.5 31.2 24.7 20.9
Other income from assets 32.5 34.4 27.6 12.7 8.3 8.2 22.5 25.3 19.2 12.9 9.2 7.1
Dividends 28.0 28.6 22.1 9.1 6.4 5.5 18.0 22.1 14.8 9.1 4.9 4.4
Rent or royalties 9.9 12.0 9.4 4.8 3.1 3.6 7.8 4.8 6.7 6.0 5.5 3.6
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.2 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0 0
Veterans' benefits 3.9 2.4 4.2 3.0 3.0 3.7 1.1 0.9 2.3 2.0 2.0 1.8
Unemployment compensation 4.9 3.5 0.8 3.6 2.9 1.0 5.5 2.9 0.9 4.9 1.9 1.0
Workers' compensation 1.6 1.3 0.4 1.6 1.5 0.3 2.0 1.0 0.2 2.0 1.2 0.3
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 7.8 8.3 9.6 19.7 22.6 27.9 7.8 5.6 19.5 16.9 22.3 24.4
Cash public assistance 4.1 4.2 3.4 9.6 10.3 10.1 3.9 1.5 11.9 7.9 12.9 13.4
Supplemental Security Income 3.8 3.9 3.3 7.9 10.0 9.6 3.6 1.5 11.5 6.9 11.4 13.0
Other 0.5 0.4 0.2 2.0 0.6 0.5 0.3 0 0.4 1.4 1.6 0.5
Noncash benefits 5.5 6.6 8.0 16.1 17.3 24.0 5.6 4.0 12.0 12.8 17.4 18.2
Food 3.6 4.2 3.3 10.3 10.3 11.9 2.7 1.3 6.2 8.5 12.2 11.6
Energy 1.6 2.1 2.6 2.9 4.0 5.1 0 0 2.1 2.2 1.6 1.8
Housing 2.0 2.4 3.8 7.6 8.8 12.6 3.2 3.1 7.8 5.0 6.4 8.2
Personal contributions 2.1 1.3 0.9 1.8 1.3 0.7 2.9 1.9 2.2 2.3 0.3 0.4
Number (thousands) 13,052 4,181 23,121 1,816 549 2,565 605 155 810 1,345 394 1,741
Married couples
Earnings 92.0 76.5 36.7 86.3 75.1 41.8 96.2 89.0 33.3 88.6 73.2 36.0
Wages and salaries 87.2 71.1 31.8 84.0 73.4 40.8 88.6 86.6 29.2 85.6 68.6 33.0
Self-employment 17.4 14.2 8.8 8.6 7.1 2.7 14.7 11.3 6.1 10.0 7.6 4.8
Retirement benefits 26.7 59.5 93.7 31.3 65.2 91.4 13.0 32.9 77.7 20.6 53.1 82.5
Social Security 11.4 45.6 91.0 21.5 54.5 85.1 5.0 21.3 74.4 10.5 40.4 80.5
Benefits other than Social Security 19.0 36.6 52.0 15.7 34.6 39.9 9.4 19.8 35.5 12.6 24.8 26.0
Other public pensions 8.6 14.3 18.8 5.0 15.6 14.9 5.2 8.3 17.4 4.7 11.8 6.8
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.9 1.1 0.1 0.7 0 0 0 0 0.2 0.4 0.2
Government employee pensions 8.4 13.4 17.8 4.9 15.6 14.9 5.2 8.3 17.4 4.5 11.5 6.6
Military 1.9 3.2 2.3 1.0 0.9 1.7 1.6 0 2.6 1.1 1.4 0.6
Federal 1.8 3.3 5.8 1.0 4.9 6.1 2.5 3.3 5.8 1.2 7.2 2.5
State or local 5.0 7.4 10.9 3.1 11.1 7.9 1.2 5.0 9.9 2.2 3.6 3.5
Private pensions or annuities 11.2 24.9 37.6 10.9 20.0 27.0 4.1 11.5 22.8 8.0 14.9 20.5
Income from assets 71.6 71.0 69.9 47.0 37.2 36.8 60.1 53.8 58.0 43.3 33.8 30.1
Interest 68.2 67.2 66.2 44.1 34.7 34.3 56.7 49.8 52.5 40.3 31.4 28.0
Other income from assets 40.1 41.1 36.3 16.8 13.0 16.6 28.7 27.9 30.4 17.7 12.0 12.2
Dividends 34.8 35.5 30.1 11.9 11.6 12.3 23.1 22.1 23.3 12.1 6.2 8.3
Rent or royalties 12.5 13.6 12.4 6.7 3.4 6.5 8.4 6.9 11.4 8.9 7.7 6.0
Estates or trusts 0.2 0.3 0.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0
Veterans' benefits 4.3 2.7 5.4 6.0 3.9 5.4 0.6 1.7 2.9 2.5 2.7 2.7
Unemployment compensation 5.5 4.1 1.3 4.8 5.8 2.9 6.8 5.4 1.9 6.3 2.3 1.5
Workers' compensation 1.8 1.4 0.5 2.4 0.6 0.4 1.7 0 0.5 2.6 0.8 0.2
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 4.2 3.5 4.1 8.7 13.7 12.2 2.2 3.5 12.2 11.3 13.4 16.2
Cash public assistance 2.7 1.8 2.0 4.2 10.8 5.6 1.3 2.9 6.2 6.0 7.5 8.0
Supplemental Security Income 2.5 1.8 1.8 3.9 10.8 5.0 1.3 2.9 5.6 5.4 7.5 7.5
Other 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.6 0 0.7 0 0 0.7 1.3 0.2 0.7
Noncash benefits 2.2 2.2 2.9 5.4 5.1 9.3 1.4 0.6 9.2 7.4 10.2 11.3
Food 1.6 1.5 1.5 3.3 1.3 5.9 1.4 0.6 5.1 4.7 8.5 7.5
Energy 0.6 0.7 1.1 0.6 3.4 2.0 0 0 2.8 1.2 1.4 1.7
Housing 0.6 0.3 0.9 1.9 1.0 3.0 0 0.6 5.8 2.4 2.2 4.2
Personal contributions 0.9 0.5 0.5 1.3 0 0.2 1.5 1.4 1.8 0.8 0 0.2
Number (thousands) 7,540 2,405 9,818 663 194 618 329 84 365 655 175 619
Nonmarried persons
Earnings 71.0 51.8 14.3 60.5 40.4 14.3 59.1 a 13.4 63.6 48.5 12.3
Wages and salaries 65.3 46.8 12.4 57.7 38.1 13.8 55.8 a 12.8 60.0 44.8 11.3
Self-employment 8.3 7.6 2.3 3.0 4.4 0.6 3.9 a 0.9 3.9 3.6 1.6
Retirement benefits 25.0 56.9 92.6 23.9 56.2 85.5 15.9 a 60.9 19.2 40.5 76.1
Social Security 13.8 47.4 90.4 14.1 49.8 82.5 7.9 a 58.9 12.1 31.4 73.4
Benefits other than Social Security 14.0 23.3 36.8 11.4 16.8 24.0 10.9 a 16.8 8.9 15.4 16.9
Other public pensions 5.8 9.0 11.8 5.1 7.0 8.9 3.5 a 6.7 4.3 6.2 4.8
Railroad Retirement 0.1 0.4 0.7 0.1 0 0.6 0 a 0.6 0 0 0.5
Government employee pensions 5.7 8.8 11.2 5.1 7.0 8.5 3.5 a 6.1 4.3 6.2 4.2
Military 0.6 1.0 1.3 1.0 0.6 0.5 0.3 a 1.4 0.5 0.5 0.1
Federal 1.0 2.6 3.5 1.2 2.0 3.2 1.6 a 2.1 1.0 1.2 2.1
State or local 4.1 5.2 6.8 2.8 4.5 5.1 1.5 a 2.6 2.8 4.5 2.1
Private pensions or annuities 8.8 14.9 26.1 6.4 10.1 15.5 7.8 a 10.7 4.9 9.2 12.3
Income from assets 48.7 52.3 51.1 26.3 25.4 22.9 36.6 a 27.3 24.9 21.1 18.4
Interest 45.8 49.0 47.4 24.2 23.4 21.0 34.4 a 25.2 22.6 19.3 16.9
Other income from assets 22.1 25.2 21.1 10.3 5.8 5.5 15.0 a 10.0 8.3 6.9 4.3
Dividends 18.6 19.3 16.2 7.5 3.5 3.3 12.0 a 7.8 6.1 3.9 2.2
Rent or royalties 6.5 9.8 7.1 3.7 3.0 2.6 7.0 a 2.8 3.2 3.7 2.3
Estates or trusts 0.4 0 0.6 0 0 0.1 0 a 0 0.2 0 0
Veterans' benefits 3.3 2.0 3.4 1.3 2.4 3.2 1.8 a 1.8 1.5 1.4 1.2
Unemployment compensation 4.1 2.6 0.4 2.9 1.4 0.4 3.9 a 0.2 3.5 1.5 0.7
Workers' compensation 1.3 1.2 0.3 1.2 2.0 0.3 2.3 a 0 1.5 1.5 0.3
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 12.7 14.9 13.7 26.0 27.5 32.9 14.4 a 25.5 22.2 29.4 29.0
Cash public assistance 6.0 7.4 4.5 12.7 10.0 11.5 6.9 a 16.6 9.8 17.2 16.4
Supplemental Security Income 5.6 6.7 4.3 10.3 9.5 11.1 6.4 a 16.5 8.4 14.5 16.0
Other 0.7 0.9 0.2 2.9 1.0 0.4 0.7 a 0.2 1.6 2.8 0.4
Noncash benefits 9.9 12.6 11.8 22.2 23.9 28.7 10.6 a 14.3 17.9 23.1 22.1
Food 6.4 7.8 4.7 14.2 15.2 13.8 4.3 a 7.2 12.2 15.2 13.9
Energy 3.0 3.9 3.8 4.2 4.3 6.0 0.1 a 1.6 3.1 1.8 1.9
Housing 3.9 5.3 5.9 10.8 13.1 15.7 7.1 a 9.5 7.5 9.8 10.5
Personal contributions 3.9 2.3 1.2 2.1 2.0 0.9 4.6 a 2.6 3.7 0.6 0.6
Number (thousands) 5,512 1,776 13,303 1,153 355 1,947 276 71 445 690 219 1,121
a. Fewer than 75,000 weighted cases.
Table 2.A4 Percentage with income from specified source, by Social Security beneficiary status, race, Hispanic origin, and age, 2004
Source of income White alone Black alone Asian alone Hispanic origin
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
Beneficiary units
Earnings 45.1 47.8 22.3 35.8 36.0 18.0 a a 20.3 29.2 39.0 17.9
Wages and salaries 40.9 42.6 19.1 34.9 33.5 17.5 a a 17.8 26.7 34.2 16.1
Self-employment 7.5 8.5 5.0 1.1 4.7 0.9 a a 3.5 3.2 5.4 2.6
Retirement benefits 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 a a 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Social Security 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 a a 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Benefits other than Social Security 27.4 40.8 45.0 18.6 29.5 28.9 a a 34.4 19.1 24.9 23.3
Other public pensions 8.4 12.9 14.5 6.5 11.1 9.9 a a 14.7 8.2 7.5 5.8
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.1 0.4 0 0.5 0.3 a a 0.5 0 0 0.1
Government employee pensions 8.2 12.9 14.1 6.5 11.1 9.7 a a 14.2 8.2 7.5 5.7
Military 1.6 2.3 1.8 0.9 0.5 0.6 a a 2.2 2.3 0.9 0.2
Federal 1.3 2.0 4.3 1.1 3.2 3.4 a a 4.0 1.5 2.8 2.6
State or local 5.3 9.0 8.8 4.9 7.5 6.2 a a 8.5 4.5 3.8 2.9
Private pensions or annuities 20.6 31.0 33.2 12.6 19.5 19.9 a a 22.1 11.3 20.0 18.0
Income from assets 40.9 58.6 60.6 24.9 27.4 26.5 a a 51.1 22.6 28.0 24.6
Interest 37.7 54.6 56.7 21.7 24.8 24.8 a a 47.0 21.5 24.2 22.6
Other income from assets 17.8 28.5 28.5 7.7 8.5 8.0 a a 24.3 6.9 10.4 8.0
Dividends 13.4 23.3 22.9 5.1 5.6 5.3 a a 19.0 3.2 7.2 5.1
Rent or royalties 7.1 9.4 9.6 2.6 3.5 3.7 a a 8.8 4.1 4.1 4.0
Estates or trusts 0 0 0.5 0 0 0.1 a a 0 0 0 0
Veterans' benefits 9.1 3.5 4.4 10.0 3.7 4.2 a a 3.1 3.7 3.2 2.2
Unemployment compensation 2.5 2.9 0.8 2.5 1.6 1.0 a a 0.5 2.3 1.4 1.1
Workers' compensation 2.4 1.6 0.4 2.3 2.1 0.2 a a 0.3 5.6 0 0.1
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 19.5 10.3 8.9 32.0 27.8 27.9 a a 11.1 33.5 22.8 23.1
Cash public assistance 10.8 4.0 2.5 11.0 10.9 9.0 a a 4.1 16.3 10.8 11.0
Supplemental Security Income 10.2 3.6 2.4 10.0 10.9 8.6 a a 3.6 15.1 9.8 10.6
Other 1.2 0.4 0.2 1.1 0.6 0.5 a a 0.5 3.0 1.4 0.5
Noncash benefits 13.8 8.2 7.7 27.3 23.2 25.0 a a 9.1 26.0 18.0 18.2
Food 9.7 5.3 3.0 16.6 13.4 12.2 a a 3.8 21.0 16.3 11.3
Energy 4.8 3.8 2.6 5.8 7.2 5.3 a a 0.3 4.6 3.2 2.0
Housing 6.0 2.4 3.7 15.5 10.6 13.5 a a 6.6 9.5 2.8 8.4
Personal contributions 2.4 0.7 0.7 0 1.7 0.8 a a 1.9 3.5 0 0.4
Number (thousands) 1,622 1,940 20,959 305 282 2,132 38 46 534 152 139 1,322
Nonbeneficiary units
Earnings 88.5 81.8 38.6 76.8 70.2 35.4 81.8 78.5 26.3 81.8 70.7 29.8
Wages and salaries 83.2 76.4 35.6 73.8 68.8 34.4 75.8 76.9 24.7 78.3 67.0 28.3
Self-employment 14.4 13.9 6.1 5.8 6.0 2.1 10.2 8.1 2.8 7.3 5.4 3.3
Retirement benefits 15.4 22.4 26.1 11.8 16.3 22.6 8.6 9.8 7.5 9.6 16.6 10.2
Social Security 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Benefits other than Social Security 15.4 22.4 26.1 11.8 16.3 22.6 8.6 9.8 7.5 9.6 16.6 10.2
Other public pensions 7.3 11.3 17.6 4.8 8.9 12.6 4.7 6.0 5.4 4.0 9.4 4.4
Railroad Retirement 0.2 1.3 4.9 0.1 0 1.4 0 0 0 0.1 0.3 1.3
Government employee pensions 7.2 10.2 12.9 4.7 8.9 11.8 4.7 6.0 5.4 3.9 9.1 3.1
Military 1.3 2.3 0.8 1.1 0.9 1.4 1.1 0 1.3 0.6 0.9 0.3
Federal 1.5 3.9 6.4 1.1 2.8 6.4 2.2 3.1 3.3 1.1 4.4 1.1
State or local 4.5 4.3 5.8 2.5 6.1 4.0 1.4 2.9 0.8 2.3 4.2 1.7
Private pensions or annuities 8.8 11.8 9.3 7.1 7.4 10.6 4.0 3.8 4.6 5.7 7.3 6.3
Income from assets 64.9 66.9 44.5 35.7 31.9 25.2 50.2 42.1 21.9 35.3 26.1 16.2
Interest 61.7 63.8 42.0 33.4 30.2 21.2 47.4 39.1 19.0 32.5 24.9 15.5
Other income from assets 34.6 39.4 19.0 13.7 8.1 9.2 22.2 20.1 9.3 13.7 8.5 4.3
Dividends 30.0 33.2 14.8 9.9 7.2 6.3 17.9 17.0 6.6 9.8 3.7 1.9
Rent or royalties 10.3 14.2 6.8 5.2 2.7 2.9 7.2 4.7 2.7 6.2 6.2 2.4
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.3 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.1 0
Veterans' benefits 3.1 1.4 2.6 1.6 2.2 1.4 1.2 1.0 0.7 1.8 1.3 0.4
Unemployment compensation 5.3 3.9 1.1 3.8 4.3 0.9 5.5 3.8 1.9 5.2 2.2 0.6
Workers' compensation 1.5 1.1 0.5 1.5 0.9 1.0 2.1 1.5 0 1.6 1.8 0.8
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 6.1 6.6 16.7 17.2 17.2 28.0 7.2 1.3 35.8 14.8 22.0 28.7
Cash public assistance 3.1 4.4 12.0 9.4 9.7 15.5 3.8 0 27.1 6.8 14.0 21.0
Supplemental Security Income 2.9 4.1 11.9 7.5 9.0 14.9 3.6 0 26.9 5.9 12.3 20.4
Other 0.4 0.4 0.1 2.2 0.6 0.7 0.3 0 0.1 1.2 1.8 0.6
Noncash benefits 4.3 5.2 11.7 13.8 11.0 19.1 5.1 1.3 17.5 11.1 17.1 18.3
Food 2.7 3.2 6.6 9.0 7.0 10.4 2.1 0.5 11.0 6.9 10.0 12.4
Energy 1.1 0.6 2.7 2.3 0.6 4.0 0 0 5.6 1.9 0.8 1.4
Housing 1.5 2.5 4.6 5.9 6.9 8.4 3.3 1.3 10.1 4.4 8.4 7.8
Personal contributions 2.1 1.8 2.0 2.2 0.9 0.1 2.6 0.8 2.7 2.1 0.5 0.7
Number (thousands) 11,429 2,242 2,162 1,511 266 434 567 108 276 1,193 255 418
a. Fewer than 75,000 weighted cases.
Table 2.A5 Percentage distribution of units with number and type of retirement benefits, by marital status, age, and receipt of earnings and income from assets, 2004
Retirement benefits Aged 55–61 Aged 62–64 Aged 65 or older
Total Earnings Income from
assets
Total Earnings Income from
assets
Total Earnings Income from
assets
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
All units
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
No benefit 74.4 81.6 43.1 75.3 73.2 42.1 55.4 17.8 43.0 40.7 8.3 14.5 6.4 4.7 12.7
One benefit type 21.8 15.9 47.4 20.5 23.5 39.6 30.5 56.2 34.0 47.6 53.1 51.9 53.5 46.2 61.6
Social Security only 9.4 4.7 30.0 4.9 15.7 28.5 19.4 45.1 20.6 39.7 50.6 49.5 51.0 43.2 59.7
Private pension or annuity only 6.8 6.1 10.1 8.7 4.2 5.6 6.2 4.4 6.7 4.0 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0
Government employee pension only 5.4 5.0 7.1 6.8 3.4 5.0 4.6 5.9 6.2 3.3 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.7 0.7
Railroad Retirement only 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.3 0.8 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.3
Two benefit types 3.6 2.4 9.0 3.9 3.3 17.0 13.2 24.0 21.2 11.1 36.3 31.1 38.0 45.7 24.8
Social Security and federal pension only 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.8 0.6 1.1 0.9 0.5 2.7 2.8 2.7 3.6 1.7
Social Security and Railroad Retirement, state, local, or military pension only 0.7 0.5 2.0 0.8 0.7 3.6 2.7 5.2 4.8 1.8 7.1 7.2 7.1 9.3 4.4
Social Security and private pension only 2.3 1.5 6.1 2.4 2.2 12.2 9.3 17.4 14.8 8.5 25.9 20.4 27.6 32.0 18.5
Other combination 0.5 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.2
Three or more benefit types 0.2 0.1 0.5 0.3 0.1 1.3 0.9 2.0 1.8 0.5 2.3 2.5 2.2 3.4 0.9
Number (thousands) 15,772 12,822 2,951 9,143 6,629 4,990 3,220 1,770 2,930 2,060 26,865 6,324 20,541 14,801 12,064
Married couples
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
No benefit 73.5 77.4 31.1 74.7 71.0 41.0 49.8 11.4 41.8 39.3 6.9 11.8 4.1 4.5 11.9
One benefit type 22.1 19.1 54.8 21.3 23.9 36.5 32.7 49.5 32.7 44.5 45.2 50.0 42.4 40.8 54.3
Social Security only 8.1 6.1 30.1 5.0 15.0 23.3 19.3 36.6 17.4 35.8 42.3 47.0 39.6 38.1 51.1
Private pension or annuity only 7.4 6.8 14.4 8.7 4.6 7.0 7.5 5.1 7.8 5.2 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.3
Government employee pension only 6.4 6.1 10.1 7.5 4.1 5.5 5.3 6.0 6.8 2.7 1.2 1.6 1.0 1.2 1.2
Railroad Retirement only 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.7 0.5 1.7 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.2 0.7 0.5 0.6
Two benefit types 4.1 3.3 13.3 3.7 5.0 20.6 16.4 34.7 23.1 15.3 43.7 34.7 49.0 49.5 31.7
Social Security and federal pension only 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.7 0.8 0.3 0.8 0.3 3.6 2.9 4.0 4.1 2.5
Social Security and Railroad Retirement, state, local, or military pension only 0.7 0.6 2.2 0.7 0.8 4.7 3.6 8.3 5.6 2.7 8.1 7.7 8.3 9.7 4.9
Social Security and private pension only 2.8 2.1 9.9 2.5 3.5 14.5 11.2 25.7 15.6 12.2 31.1 23.3 35.7 34.6 23.9
Other combination 0.5 0.5 1.1 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.3 1.0 0.1 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.1 0.4
Three or more benefit types 0.2 0.2 0.8 0.3 0.1 1.9 1.2 4.5 2.4 0.9 4.2 3.5 4.5 5.1 2.2
Number (thousands) 8,681 7,957 725 5,991 2,690 2,745 2,116 629 1,866 878 10,930 4,031 6,898 7,361 3,568
Nonmarried persons
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
No benefit 75.5 88.6 47.0 76.6 74.7 43.4 66.2 21.4 45.2 41.8 9.2 19.3 7.5 4.9 13.0
One benefit type 21.3 10.5 45.0 18.9 23.3 43.4 26.4 59.9 36.2 49.9 58.5 55.2 59.1 51.5 64.7
Social Security only 11.1 2.5 29.9 4.7 16.2 34.9 19.6 49.8 26.3 42.7 56.3 53.8 56.7 48.4 63.3
Private pension or annuity only 6.0 4.8 8.7 8.6 4.0 3.8 3.7 4.0 4.7 3.1 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.8
Government employee pension only 4.1 3.2 6.1 5.4 3.0 4.5 3.1 5.8 5.2 3.8 1.2 0.8 1.3 2.1 0.5
Railroad Retirement only 0.1 0 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2 0 0.4 0 0.4 0.3 0 0.3 0.3 0.2
Two benefit types 3.0 0.9 7.6 4.2 2.1 12.7 7.1 18.1 17.9 8.0 31.3 24.7 32.4 42.0 22.0
Social Security and federal pension only 0.1 0 0.3 0.2 0 0.9 0.4 1.5 1.1 0.8 2.2 2.5 2.1 3.1 1.3
Social Security and Railroad Retirement, state, local, or military pension only 0.7 0.2 1.9 1.0 0.5 2.2 0.9 3.4 3.4 1.1 6.4 6.4 6.4 9.0 4.2
Social Security and private pension only 1.8 0.3 4.9 2.3 1.3 9.4 5.8 12.8 13.4 5.7 22.4 15.4 23.6 29.4 16.2
Other combination 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.2 0.2 0 0.4 0 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.2
Three or more benefit types 0.1 0 0.4 0.3 0 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.7 0.3 1.0 0.7 1.0 1.7 0.3
Number (thousands) 7,091 4,865 2,226 3,151 3,939 2,245 1,104 1,141 1,064 1,182 15,935 2,292 13,643 7,439 8,496
 
Table 2.A6 Percentage with income from specified source, by marital status and quintile of total money income, 2004
Source of income All units Married couples Nonmarried persons
First Second Third Fourth Fifth First Second Third Fourth Fifth First Second Third Fourth Fifth
Earnings 3.9 6.1 16.6 32.7 58.3 10.3 19.7 35.3 49.6 69.5 2.7 3.2 7.0 18.6 40.3
Wages and salaries 2.7 5.4 14.4 29.1 51.3 7.5 16.3 31.6 43.4 62.3 1.9 2.9 6.1 16.8 35.2
Self-employment 1.3 0.8 2.6 5.1 13.4 3.2 4.2 6.2 10.4 17.8 0.9 0.3 0.9 2.1 6.2
Retirement benefits 75.7 97.7 97.0 95.5 92.2 84.2 98.4 96.3 96.0 90.5 69.8 96.9 98.6 96.6 91.9
Social Security 73.6 96.3 94.6 92.4 88.2 81.1 95.7 93.6 92.9 87.3 68.2 95.4 97.5 93.9 87.0
Benefits other than Social Security 7.4 23.5 47.4 64.5 62.3 14.8 46.3 63.2 70.0 59.5 4.5 13.3 31.5 59.1 63.8
Other public pensions 1.5 4.8 12.9 22.0 30.0 3.2 10.8 18.9 30.8 28.7 1.1 2.8 6.2 17.7 28.9
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.5 0.8 1.4 1.0 0.5 0.7 1.5 1.9 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.4 1.0 1.4
Government employee pensions 1.3 4.3 12.1 20.7 29.2 2.7 10.2 17.4 29.1 28.5 1.0 2.4 5.8 16.7 27.7
Military 0.1 0.2 1.2 2.2 4.4 0.1 0.7 2.3 4.5 3.9 0.2 0.1 0.4 1.9 3.4
Federal 0.5 1.4 3.9 6.5 9.7 1.1 4.0 5.2 9.3 9.4 0.5 0.8 1.7 5.0 9.0
State or local 0.6 2.7 7.2 12.9 17.5 1.5 5.8 10.9 16.9 18.6 0.3 1.4 3.6 10.0 16.7
Private pensions or annuities 5.9 18.9 35.6 46.2 39.1 11.8 37.7 47.6 48.1 37.1 3.5 10.6 25.4 42.7 38.7
Income from assets 22.3 40.9 57.6 71.4 82.9 37.3 61.6 72.0 79.1 86.7 18.5 29.0 47.3 62.4 76.2
Interest 20.3 37.6 53.8 67.1 78.5 34.4 58.5 68.1 74.4 82.8 16.6 26.6 43.5 58.0 71.3
Other income from assets 5.8 13.0 22.7 33.1 51.8 13.3 24.7 33.5 45.6 57.0 4.8 7.0 15.7 25.1 41.2
Dividends 3.3 9.0 17.1 26.4 44.7 8.8 18.5 27.0 39.5 49.7 2.6 4.3 11.1 19.7 33.6
Rent or royalties 3.2 4.6 7.2 10.6 17.9 5.9 9.0 11.9 12.8 20.4 2.5 3.0 5.4 7.1 14.0
Estates or trusts 0 0.2 0.5 0.5 0.8 0 0 0.1 0.1 0.6 0 0 0.3 0.8 1.6
Veterans' benefits 2.0 2.5 4.9 5.4 5.9 3.7 5.4 6.1 6.5 5.3 1.5 3.1 2.2 4.4 5.3
Unemployment compensation 0.4 0.3 0.7 0.8 2.0 0.8 0.6 0.9 2.0 2.6 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.8 0.7
Workers' compensation 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.8 0.5 0 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.5
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 31.0 16.4 7.5 3.0 1.3 15.6 4.1 2.0 1.9 0.9 32.9 25.9 13.1 7.8 3.0
Cash public assistance 13.4 4.4 2.5 1.1 0.7 7.8 1.6 1.0 1.0 0.5 15.8 7.6 2.6 2.2 0.7
Supplemental Security Income 13.2 4.2 2.3 0.9 0.7 7.2 1.4 0.7 1.0 0.5 15.6 7.4 2.5 2.0 0.6
Other 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.3 0.1 0 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.1
Noncash benefits 25.6 14.5 6.1 2.2 0.7 12.3 2.7 1.2 0.9 0.3 27.1 22.3 11.8 6.7 2.5
Food 13.9 4.7 1.7 0.8 0.4 6.6 1.1 0.6 0.6 0.3 15.8 8.5 2.6 2.1 0.7
Energy 6.4 5.2 2.1 0.6 0 4.6 1.0 0.2 0.1 0 6.6 6.8 4.6 1.7 0.5
Housing 12.3 7.6 3.0 1.0 0.3 4.5 0.9 0.4 0.3 0 12.6 12.8 6.1 3.6 1.5
Personal contributions 1.2 0.8 1.0 1.0 0.4 0.9 0.7 0.5 0.1 0.4 0.9 1.1 0.9 1.3 1.5
Number (thousands) 5,270 5,475 5,372 5,374 5,374 2,185 2,185 2,187 2,184 2,189 3,182 3,173 3,205 3,182 3,193
NOTE: Quintile limits are $10,399, $16,363, $25,587, and $44,129 for all units; $20,258, $29,437, $42,129, and $68,299 for married couples; and $8,364, $12,000, $16,471, and $26,064 for nonmarried persons.
Table 2.A7 Percentage of Social Security beneficiary aged units with income from specified source, by proportion of income from Social Security and marital status, 2004
Source of income Proportion of income from Social Security
Less than 50 percent 50–89 percent 90–99 percent 100 percent
All
units
Married
couples
Nonmarried
persons
All
units
Married
couples
Nonmarried
persons
All
units
Married
couples
Nonmarried
persons
All
units
Married
couples
Nonmarried
persons
Earnings 46.2 56.4 33.6 16.8 23.7 11.8 2.7 4.2 2.0 0 0 0
Wages and salaries 40.6 49.9 29.1 14.9 20.6 10.7 2.0 3.2 1.4 0 0 0
Self-employment 9.6 13.1 5.3 2.5 4.1 1.3 0.7 1.0 0.5 0 0 0
Retirement benefits 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Social Security 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Benefits other than Social Security 64.7 65.1 64.3 59.7 65.0 55.9 16.2 16.5 16.1 0 0 0
Other public pensions 31.0 31.4 30.5 10.1 11.0 9.5 1.1 0.8 1.2 0 0 0
Railroad Retirement 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.4 0.3 0.6 0 0 0 0 0 0
Government employee pensions 30.3 30.7 29.8 9.7 10.8 8.9 1.1 0.8 1.2 0 0 0
Military 4.1 4.4 3.7 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.1 0 0.2 0 0 0
Federal 10.5 10.9 10.1 1.6 2.0 1.4 0.1 0.2 0.1 0 0 0
State or local 17.8 18.1 17.4 7.2 8.2 6.5 0.9 0.6 1.0 0 0 0
Private pensions or annuities 39.1 41.1 36.7 51.4 57.0 47.4 15.2 15.7 15.0 0 0 0
Income from assets 75.9 79.3 71.7 62.7 70.6 57.0 84.7 84.9 84.5 0 0 0
Interest 71.4 74.8 67.1 58.8 67.3 52.6 79.7 81.5 78.8 0 0 0
Other income from assets 42.3 47.8 35.6 27.4 31.5 24.4 19.5 23.1 17.7 0 0 0
Dividends 35.4 41.2 28.4 21.5 25.8 18.4 15.2 17.7 14.0 0 0 0
Rent or royalties 14.2 15.7 12.4 8.7 10.1 7.7 4.9 5.9 4.5 0 0 0
Estates or trusts 0.9 0.4 1.5 0.4 0 0.6 0 0 0 0 0 0
Veterans' benefits 7.2 7.3 7.2 5.4 5.9 5.0 1.4 2.9 0.6 0 0 0
Unemployment compensation 1.7 2.3 1.0 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.1 0 0 0
Workers' compensation 0.7 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.3 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 4.3 2.2 6.7 11.9 4.0 17.7 14.3 4.9 19.1 17.6 9.1 19.8
Cash public assistance 1.7 1.2 2.5 6.7 2.3 9.9 3.9 2.1 4.9 0 0 0
Supplemental Security Income 1.6 1.0 2.3 6.4 2.1 9.6 3.6 1.6 4.5 0 0 0
Other 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.3 0 0 0
Noncash benefits 3.3 1.3 5.8 9.1 2.7 13.7 12.8 3.9 17.2 17.6 9.1 19.8
Food 1.3 0.9 1.9 4.1 1.4 6.1 3.9 1.6 5.1 7.7 5.0 8.4
Energy 0.8 0.2 1.4 3.0 0.9 4.5 5.1 2.0 6.7 4.5 3.1 4.8
Housing 1.8 0.4 3.6 4.4 0.8 6.9 6.6 0.9 9.5 9.1 3.6 10.5
Personal contributions 1.1 0.3 2.0 1.1 0.7 1.4 0.4 0.6 0.4 0 0 0
Number (thousands) 8,098 4,469 3,628 7,517 3,158 4,359 2,994 1,002 1,992 5,053 1,020 4,033
NOTE: Units with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
Table 2.B1 Percentage with family income from specified source, by sex, marital status, and age, 2004
Source of family income Aged
55–61
Aged
62–64
Aged 65 or older
Total 65–69 70–74 75–79 80 or
older
All persons
Earnings 85.0 69.4 35.1 51.6 38.0 27.8 20.6
Wages and salaries 80.8 65.0 32.1 47.8 34.4 24.8 18.9
Self-employment 12.9 11.4 6.0 8.7 6.8 4.7 3.3
Retirement benefits 34.8 66.1 93.0 89.4 93.9 94.3 95.0
Social Security 21.3 56.0 90.4 86.6 91.4 91.9 92.4
Benefits other than Social Security 21.1 35.0 44.6 42.6 45.8 46.4 44.4
Other public pensions 8.9 13.8 16.0 16.1 16.4 16.4 15.0
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.7 0.9 0.6 1.0 1.0 1.0
Government employee pensions 8.7 13.2 15.2 15.6 15.5 15.5 14.1
Military 1.6 2.3 1.9 2.6 1.9 1.6 1.6
Federal 2.2 3.5 5.0 4.3 5.1 5.3 5.3
State or local 5.3 8.0 9.2 9.4 9.4 9.5 8.4
Private pensions or annuities 13.1 23.7 31.8 29.7 33.2 32.6 32.3
Income from assets 61.7 63.6 59.8 60.2 60.4 59.2 59.4
Interest 59.7 61.1 57.2 57.8 58.3 56.2 56.2
Other income from assets 31.4 33.7 27.7 28.6 28.8 27.3 25.9
Dividends 28.4 29.5 23.3 24.4 24.4 23.0 21.6
Rent or royalties 8.4 10.1 8.4 8.6 8.9 8.2 7.9
Estates or trusts 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.5
Veterans' benefits 4.1 3.4 4.8 3.8 4.5 5.0 6.1
Unemployment compensation 5.6 4.0 1.8 2.9 2.0 1.0 1.0
Workers' compensation 1.9 1.6 0.7 1.0 0.9 0.4 0.5
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 9.2 9.1 10.9 10.7 10.9 10.0 11.8
Cash public assistance 5.8 5.3 5.1 5.6 5.2 4.2 5.1
Supplemental Security Income 5.2 5.0 4.7 5.2 4.6 4.1 4.9
Other 0.9 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.2 0.4
Noncash benefits 5.7 6.2 8.3 7.7 8.4 7.9 9.1
Food 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.8 4.1 3.4 3.3
Energy 1.5 1.9 2.5 2.2 2.5 2.3 2.8
Housing 2.2 2.4 4.0 3.4 3.9 4.0 4.7
Personal contributions 2.4 1.9 1.5 1.9 1.5 1.3 1.3
Number (thousands) 22,214 7,317 35,213 10,124 8,264 7,596 9,229
All men
Earnings 87.2 72.8 38.5 55.3 41.2 30.4 19.6
Wages and salaries 82.8 68.3 34.8 51.2 36.8 26.7 17.5
Self-employment 14.5 11.8 7.3 10.1 8.8 5.4 3.6
Retirement benefits 30.3 60.5 93.0 88.8 94.4 94.8 95.7
Social Security 16.1 48.0 90.0 85.5 91.8 92.3 92.4
Benefits other than Social Security 19.2 32.9 48.7 44.8 48.7 51.2 51.8
Other public pensions 8.3 12.9 17.4 16.8 17.0 18.4 17.7
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.9 0.9 0.4 0.8 1.2 1.4
Government employee pensions 8.1 12.2 16.5 16.4 16.2 17.3 16.4
Military 1.7 2.5 2.4 3.1 2.1 2.0 2.3
Federal 1.9 3.3 5.4 4.9 5.5 5.4 6.3
State or local 4.8 6.8 9.8 9.2 9.8 10.8 9.6
Private pensions or annuities 11.7 22.1 34.9 31.2 35.6 36.1 38.0
Income from assets 62.8 63.9 62.4 62.0 63.1 61.2 63.3
Interest 61.2 61.6 59.8 59.8 60.2 58.4 60.6
Other income from assets 32.2 34.4 29.9 30.3 31.3 29.1 28.7
Dividends 29.3 30.7 25.8 26.2 26.7 24.7 25.0
Rent or royalties 8.3 10.4 9.1 9.3 10.0 8.4 8.8
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1
Veterans' benefits 5.1 3.3 5.9 4.2 5.3 5.5 9.3
Unemployment compensation 5.7 3.8 2.0 3.3 2.3 1.1 0.7
Workers' compensation 1.9 1.6 0.7 1.0 1.1 0.4 0.2
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 7.9 7.8 8.4 9.3 8.9 7.4 7.7
Cash public assistance 5.2 4.9 4.1 5.1 4.5 3.1 3.3
Supplemental Security Income 4.9 4.7 3.8 4.8 3.8 2.9 3.1
Other 0.6 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.8 0.2 0.4
Noncash benefits 4.4 4.5 6.0 6.0 6.3 5.6 6.1
Food 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.9 2.9 2.5 2.2
Energy 1.1 1.5 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.4 1.9
Housing 1.6 1.3 2.8 2.4 2.9 3.0 3.1
Personal contributions 1.5 1.3 1.1 1.4 1.2 0.8 1.0
Number (thousands) 10,563 3,484 15,151 4,814 3,652 3,227 3,457
Married men
Earnings 92.2 78.6 41.8 60.7 43.8 30.0 19.7
Wages and salaries 88.4 74.0 38.0 56.8 38.5 26.6 17.3
Self-employment 16.1 13.4 8.1 11.0 9.9 5.1 4.2
Retirement benefits 29.9 60.8 93.7 89.6 95.2 95.8 96.5
Social Security 15.0 47.0 90.8 86.2 92.5 93.3 93.5
Benefits other than Social Security 20.0 36.6 51.3 47.3 52.4 53.4 54.4
Other public pensions 8.7 14.6 18.9 17.5 19.6 19.7 19.5
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.9 0.9 0.5 1.0 1.4 1.2
Government employee pensions 8.6 13.8 18.0 17.0 18.5 18.4 18.5
Military 1.7 3.0 2.4 2.8 2.2 1.9 2.4
Federal 2.1 3.6 6.0 5.3 6.5 5.7 6.8
State or local 5.1 7.7 10.9 9.8 11.1 11.9 11.7
Private pensions or annuities 12.1 24.6 36.8 33.7 37.8 38.0 39.7
Income from assets 68.5 68.6 66.9 67.2 67.3 64.4 68.6
Interest 66.9 66.2 64.6 65.1 64.7 62.4 66.0
Other income from assets 36.4 38.0 33.5 34.3 34.8 31.3 33.0
Dividends 33.3 33.9 29.2 30.0 30.2 26.5 29.5
Rent or royalties 9.2 11.3 9.9 10.2 10.8 8.9 9.5
Estates or trusts 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2
Veterans' benefits 4.5 3.1 5.6 4.2 4.7 5.3 9.5
Unemployment compensation 6.0 4.4 2.2 3.8 2.2 1.2 0.7
Workers' compensation 1.8 1.6 0.7 1.0 1.0 0.3 0.2
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 5.6 5.4 5.7 5.7 6.5 4.7 5.4
Cash public assistance 4.1 3.7 3.3 3.8 4.1 2.6 2.3
Supplemental Security Income 3.8 3.7 3.0 3.6 3.2 2.4 2.1
Other 0.5 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.9 0.2 0.4
Noncash benefits 2.5 2.5 3.5 2.9 4.2 3.1 4.0
Food 1.7 1.5 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8
Energy 0.5 0.9 1.2 1.0 1.3 1.0 1.5
Housing 0.7 0.4 1.2 0.8 1.6 1.1 1.6
Personal contributions 1.5 1.4 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.8
Number (thousands) 7,790 2,665 10,858 3,673 2,716 2,335 2,135
Nonmarried men
Earnings 73.2 53.6 30.0 38.1 34.0 31.3 19.4
Wages and salaries 66.8 49.8 26.8 33.1 31.6 26.9 17.8
Self-employment 9.8 6.9 5.2 7.1 5.7 6.1 2.5
Retirement benefits 31.4 59.5 91.2 85.9 92.0 92.2 94.4
Social Security 19.3 51.2 88.2 83.1 89.7 89.6 90.5
Benefits other than Social Security 16.8 21.1 42.2 36.9 38.0 45.3 47.7
Other public pensions 7.1 7.5 13.7 14.7 9.5 15.2 14.7
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.5 0.9 0.3 0.2 0.8 1.8
Government employee pensions 6.9 6.9 12.9 14.4 9.4 14.4 13.1
Military 1.5 0.9 2.5 3.9 1.6 2.4 2.1
Federal 1.4 2.4 4.1 3.5 2.5 4.6 5.4
State or local 4.1 3.7 6.9 7.6 6.0 7.9 6.2
Private pensions or annuities 10.5 14.3 29.9 23.3 29.2 31.1 35.2
Income from assets 46.9 48.7 50.9 45.3 50.9 52.7 54.7
Interest 45.0 46.6 47.6 42.7 47.2 48.0 52.0
Other income from assets 20.6 22.5 20.8 17.6 21.1 23.2 21.7
Dividends 17.9 20.2 17.1 14.2 16.8 20.2 17.7
Rent or royalties 6.0 7.5 7.2 6.4 7.4 7.1 7.6
Estates or trusts 0.6 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.4 0
Veterans' benefits 6.7 3.6 6.7 4.4 7.1 5.9 9.0
Unemployment compensation 4.8 2.0 1.5 1.8 2.6 1.0 0.8
Workers' compensation 2.2 1.6 0.8 0.9 1.2 0.8 0.3
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 14.3 15.4 15.4 20.7 15.7 14.5 11.4
Cash public assistance 8.5 8.7 6.1 9.1 5.8 4.4 4.9
Supplemental Security Income 7.9 8.2 5.9 8.8 5.5 4.3 4.7
Other 0.9 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4
Noncash benefits 9.8 11.2 12.3 15.8 12.2 12.2 9.4
Food 5.7 6.8 4.7 6.6 5.9 4.0 2.8
Energy 2.7 3.3 3.3 4.6 3.5 2.3 2.7
Housing 4.1 4.3 6.7 7.5 6.6 7.9 5.4
Personal contributions 1.5 1.0 1.7 2.8 1.7 1.0 1.2
Number (thousands) 2,773 819 4,292 1,141 936 892 1,323
All women
Earnings 83.0 66.4 32.6 48.2 35.3 25.9 21.2
Wages and salaries 79.1 61.9 30.0 44.7 32.5 23.3 19.7
Self-employment 11.6 11.0 5.0 7.5 5.2 4.2 3.2
Retirement benefits 39.0 71.1 93.0 90.1 93.6 94.0 94.6
Social Security 26.0 63.3 90.7 87.6 91.2 91.5 92.5
Benefits other than Social Security 22.9 37.0 41.5 40.5 43.4 42.8 40.0
Other public pensions 9.6 14.6 14.9 15.5 16.0 15.0 13.4
Railroad Retirement 0.3 0.6 0.8 0.7 1.2 0.8 0.7
Government employee pensions 9.3 14.2 14.1 15.0 14.9 14.2 12.8
Military 1.5 2.1 1.6 2.1 1.8 1.3 1.1
Federal 2.5 3.7 4.6 3.9 4.8 5.2 4.7
State or local 5.7 9.2 8.7 9.6 9.0 8.6 7.7
Private pensions or annuities 14.3 25.0 29.6 28.4 31.3 30.0 28.9
Income from assets 60.6 63.2 57.9 58.5 58.3 57.7 57.1
Interest 58.4 60.6 55.2 56.0 56.8 54.6 53.6
Other income from assets 30.6 33.1 26.0 27.0 26.9 26.0 24.3
Dividends 27.6 28.5 21.5 22.8 22.5 21.6 19.6
Rent or royalties 8.4 9.8 7.8 7.9 8.0 7.9 7.3
Estates or trusts 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.7
Veterans' benefits 3.1 3.5 4.0 3.5 3.9 4.7 4.2
Unemployment compensation 5.6 4.1 1.6 2.5 1.7 1.0 1.1
Workers' compensation 1.8 1.6 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.4 0.6
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 10.4 10.4 12.8 12.1 12.5 11.9 14.3
Cash public assistance 6.3 5.7 5.8 6.1 5.8 5.0 6.2
Supplemental Security Income 5.5 5.2 5.5 5.5 5.3 4.9 5.9
Other 1.1 0.8 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.2 0.4
Noncash benefits 6.8 7.7 10.0 9.3 10.1 9.6 10.8
Food 4.5 4.7 4.4 4.6 5.0 4.1 4.0
Energy 1.8 2.2 3.0 2.5 3.0 2.9 3.4
Housing 2.7 3.4 4.9 4.2 4.7 4.7 5.7
Personal contributions 3.3 2.4 1.8 2.3 1.7 1.6 1.6
Number (thousands) 11,651 3,834 20,063 5,310 4,612 4,368 5,772
Married women
Earnings 86.1 69.5 34.9 49.6 33.3 23.9 17.3
Wages and salaries 81.8 64.7 31.1 45.1 29.8 20.2 15.0
Self-employment 14.6 12.9 7.2 10.2 6.6 5.4 3.9
Retirement benefits 43.1 77.9 94.9 93.4 96.0 96.0 95.1
Social Security 28.2 70.6 92.3 91.1 93.5 93.2 91.7
Benefits other than Social Security 27.0 44.1 52.1 49.0 52.8 54.7 54.5
Other public pensions 11.2 17.4 19.2 18.8 19.6 19.7 18.9
Railroad Retirement 0.3 0.8 1.1 0.7 1.7 1.0 1.2
Government employee pensions 10.9 16.7 18.2 18.1 18.1 18.8 17.8
Military 2.0 2.6 2.5 3.0 2.4 2.0 2.2
Federal 3.1 4.2 6.0 4.7 6.0 7.9 6.8
State or local 6.3 11.1 11.0 11.3 10.8 10.6 11.0
Private pensions or annuities 17.0 30.6 37.6 35.4 38.8 38.5 39.8
Income from assets 67.7 70.1 67.2 66.0 65.8 68.6 70.7
Interest 65.9 67.6 64.9 63.3 64.7 65.3 68.2
Other income from assets 36.1 38.7 33.2 33.4 32.8 33.3 33.3
Dividends 33.2 34.4 28.8 28.6 28.2 29.5 29.1
Rent or royalties 9.7 10.9 9.8 10.1 10.1 9.4 9.3
Estates or trusts 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2 0 0 0.2
Veterans' benefits 4.1 4.6 5.8 4.7 4.8 7.0 8.9
Unemployment compensation 5.8 4.6 1.5 2.2 1.6 0.9 0.4
Workers' compensation 1.8 1.6 0.6 1.0 0.5 0.2 0
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 6.0 4.6 5.2 5.7 4.9 4.4 5.7
Cash public assistance 4.2 2.9 2.9 3.4 2.6 1.8 3.4
Supplemental Security Income 3.8 2.7 2.6 2.9 2.4 1.8 3.1
Other 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.3 0 0.4
Noncash benefits 2.7 2.5 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.4
Food 1.8 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.9 1.6
Energy 0.8 0.8 1.2 1.0 1.8 0.7 1.0
Housing 0.7 0.7 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.5
Personal contributions 1.0 1.2 0.8 1.3 0.6 0.3 0.7
Number (thousands) 7,333 2,407 8,420 3,083 2,280 1,776 1,281
Nonmarried women
Earnings 77.7 61.0 31.0 46.3 37.3 27.3 22.3
Wages and salaries 74.5 57.2 29.3 44.2 35.1 25.5 21.0
Self-employment 6.3 7.7 3.4 3.8 3.8 3.4 3.0
Retirement benefits 32.0 59.8 91.7 85.4 91.2 92.6 94.5
Social Security 22.3 51.0 89.5 82.9 88.9 90.4 92.7
Benefits other than Social Security 15.8 24.8 33.9 28.7 34.3 34.7 35.9
Other public pensions 6.7 9.9 11.8 11.0 12.4 11.7 11.9
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6
Government employee pensions 6.5 9.8 11.2 10.6 11.7 11.0 11.4
Military 0.5 1.1 0.9 0.8 1.1 0.9 0.8
Federal 1.4 2.9 3.5 2.7 3.6 3.3 4.1
State or local 4.7 5.9 7.1 7.3 7.3 7.2 6.7
Private pensions or annuities 9.8 15.6 23.7 18.6 23.9 24.3 25.8
Income from assets 48.5 51.5 51.1 48.2 50.9 50.2 53.3
Interest 45.6 48.8 48.2 45.8 49.1 47.3 49.4
Other income from assets 21.3 23.6 20.7 18.1 21.0 21.1 21.7
Dividends 18.1 18.5 16.3 14.6 16.9 16.3 16.8
Rent or royalties 6.1 7.9 6.3 5.0 6.0 7.0 6.8
Estates or trusts 0.1 0 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.3 0.9
Veterans' benefits 1.6 1.4 2.7 1.8 2.9 3.1 2.9
Unemployment compensation 5.3 3.3 1.6 2.8 1.7 1.0 1.3
Workers' compensation 1.9 1.6 0.8 0.9 1.2 0.6 0.7
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 18.0 20.2 18.3 20.9 20.0 17.1 16.8
Cash public assistance 9.8 10.4 7.9 9.8 8.8 7.1 6.9
Supplemental Security Income 8.4 9.3 7.5 9.2 8.1 7.0 6.7
Other 2.0 1.6 0.6 1.0 1.0 0.4 0.3
Noncash benefits 13.8 16.4 14.7 17.3 16.5 14.0 13.0
Food 9.1 10.0 6.4 8.8 8.2 5.6 4.6
Energy 3.4 4.5 4.3 4.7 4.1 4.5 4.1
Housing 6.1 7.9 7.5 8.4 8.3 7.2 6.8
Personal contributions 7.3 4.5 2.6 3.9 2.9 2.5 1.8
Number (thousands) 4,317 1,427 11,643 2,227 2,332 2,592 4,492
 
Table 2.B2 Percentage with family income from specified source, by family's Social Security beneficiary status and aged person's sex and age, 2004
Source of family income Total Men Women
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
Persons in beneficiary families
Earnings 64.0 56.7 33.0 66.7 57.6 36.3 62.6 56.1 30.4
Wages and salaries 60.1 52.2 29.9 62.6 53.1 32.6 58.8 51.6 27.8
Self-employment 9.5 9.4 6.0 10.8 8.9 7.2 8.7 9.8 5.0
Retirement benefits 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Social Security 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Benefits other than Social Security 35.5 44.7 46.5 30.9 42.7 50.8 38.0 46.0 43.2
Other public pensions 12.0 15.1 15.8 10.4 13.7 17.2 12.9 16.1 14.7
Railroad Retirement 0.4 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.4
Government employee pensions 11.7 15.0 15.4 10.2 13.6 16.8 12.6 15.9 14.3
Military 1.9 2.3 2.0 2.3 2.5 2.5 1.7 2.1 1.7
Federal 2.7 3.4 4.7 2.0 2.2 5.3 3.1 4.3 4.3
State or local 7.4 10.1 9.5 6.0 9.3 10.1 8.1 10.7 9.1
Private pensions or annuities 25.5 33.2 34.1 22.5 32.4 37.5 27.1 33.7 31.6
Income from assets 49.9 61.7 61.2 46.8 59.8 64.0 51.7 63.0 59.2
Interest 47.1 58.6 58.6 45.3 56.2 61.4 48.1 60.2 56.5
Other income from assets 22.9 30.6 28.5 19.0 29.8 30.9 25.1 31.2 26.8
Dividends 19.4 26.7 24.1 15.8 26.2 26.5 21.4 27.0 22.3
Rent or royalties 7.3 8.4 8.7 6.4 8.0 9.5 7.7 8.8 8.0
Estates or trusts 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1 0 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.5
Veterans' benefits 7.9 4.5 5.1 12.4 4.6 6.2 5.3 4.5 4.3
Unemployment compensation 3.7 3.8 1.7 3.1 3.8 1.9 4.0 3.8 1.5
Workers' compensation 2.6 1.7 0.7 3.2 1.9 0.7 2.3 1.6 0.7
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 16.8 10.0 9.9 17.3 10.1 7.4 16.4 10.0 11.8
Cash public assistance 10.7 5.1 4.0 11.8 5.3 3.1 10.0 4.9 4.7
Supplemental Security Income 9.7 4.7 3.7 11.0 5.1 2.8 9.0 4.4 4.4
Other 1.5 0.5 0.4 1.4 0.2 0.3 1.6 0.7 0.5
Noncash benefits 10.3 7.0 7.8 9.7 6.4 5.5 10.7 7.4 9.5
Food 7.1 4.4 3.3 6.5 3.9 2.4 7.4 4.8 3.9
Energy 3.1 2.7 2.4 2.9 2.8 1.6 3.1 2.6 3.0
Housing 4.0 2.3 3.8 3.9 1.5 2.5 4.1 2.9 4.7
Personal contributions 2.6 1.7 1.4 2.0 1.3 1.1 3.0 2.0 1.6
Number (thousands) 4,730 4,100 31,831 1,702 1,672 13,638 3,028 2,428 18,193
Persons in nonbeneficiary families
Earnings 90.7 85.6 55.6 91.2 86.8 57.9 90.1 84.0 53.7
Wages and salaries 86.4 81.2 53.1 86.6 82.3 54.8 86.2 79.7 51.8
Self-employment 13.9 13.9 6.4 15.2 14.6 8.0 12.6 12.9 5.1
Retirement benefits 17.2 22.8 27.3 16.9 24.0 29.8 17.5 21.3 25.2
Social Security 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Benefits other than Social Security 17.2 22.8 27.3 16.9 24.0 29.8 17.5 21.3 25.2
Other public pensions 8.1 12.1 18.0 7.9 12.2 19.2 8.4 12.1 17.0
Railroad Retirement 0.2 1.4 4.8 0.2 1.4 4.9 0.3 1.3 4.6
Government employee pensions 7.9 11.0 13.4 7.7 10.8 14.6 8.1 11.2 12.5
Military 1.5 2.3 1.0 1.6 2.5 1.4 1.4 2.0 0.7
Federal 2.0 3.6 7.0 1.9 4.3 6.8 2.2 2.8 7.2
State or local 4.7 5.3 5.6 4.6 4.5 6.5 4.9 6.5 4.8
Private pensions or annuities 9.7 11.6 10.3 9.6 12.7 11.3 9.8 10.1 9.5
Income from assets 64.8 65.9 46.5 65.9 67.8 48.2 63.7 63.5 45.1
Interest 63.1 64.3 43.8 64.2 66.6 45.7 62.0 61.3 42.4
Other income from assets 33.7 37.6 19.6 34.8 38.6 21.4 32.5 36.2 18.1
Dividends 30.8 33.1 16.4 31.9 34.8 18.7 29.8 31.0 14.5
Rent or royalties 8.7 12.2 5.5 8.7 12.7 5.5 8.6 11.5 5.5
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.4 0 0.2 0.2 0.2
Veterans' benefits 3.0 1.8 2.7 3.7 2.0 3.6 2.4 1.6 2.0
Unemployment compensation 6.2 4.2 2.5 6.2 3.9 2.9 6.1 4.7 2.2
Workers' compensation 1.7 1.5 1.1 1.7 1.3 1.0 1.7 1.7 1.2
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 7.2 8.0 20.4 6.1 5.6 17.7 8.3 11.0 22.6
Cash public assistance 4.5 5.6 14.9 4.0 4.5 13.0 4.9 7.1 16.4
Supplemental Security Income 4.0 5.3 14.4 3.7 4.4 12.4 4.3 6.5 16.0
Other 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.2 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8
Noncash benefits 4.4 5.0 12.9 3.4 2.7 10.6 5.5 8.0 14.7
Food 2.7 3.0 7.3 2.1 1.7 4.9 3.5 4.7 9.2
Energy 1.0 0.8 3.2 0.8 0.2 3.4 1.3 1.5 3.0
Housing 1.7 2.6 5.8 1.2 1.2 5.7 2.2 4.3 6.0
Personal contributions 2.4 2.1 3.1 1.4 1.3 1.7 3.4 3.2 4.3
Number (thousands) 17,484 3,217 3,382 8,861 1,812 1,513 8,623 1,405 1,870
 
Table 2.B3 Percentage with family income from specified source, by sex, marital status, race, Hispanic origin, and age, 2004
Source of family income White alone Black alone Asian alone Hispanic origin
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
All persons
Earnings 85.7 69.4 34.0 77.2 63.4 38.4 92.6 82.1 54.8 85.4 72.2 46.8
Wages and salaries 81.2 64.6 30.8 75.4 62.5 37.5 88.2 78.6 52.2 82.8 67.8 44.1
Self-employment 13.9 12.1 6.2 5.6 5.7 2.6 12.0 7.5 8.3 8.7 9.0 5.5
Retirement benefits 35.1 66.9 94.1 36.9 65.8 88.7 22.8 45.2 74.1 29.5 52.6 82.4
Social Security 20.9 56.7 91.7 26.9 57.9 85.1 13.6 38.2 70.5 20.5 43.1 79.1
Benefits other than Social Security 21.9 36.5 46.6 17.6 28.0 30.3 14.9 22.0 30.7 14.0 22.8 23.9
Other public pensions 9.3 14.2 16.5 7.0 12.1 11.5 6.9 8.2 14.7 6.2 8.6 7.5
Railroad Retirement 0.3 0.8 0.9 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.7 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.3
Government employee pensions 9.1 13.5 15.6 6.9 12.0 11.3 6.8 8.2 14.5 6.0 8.5 7.2
Military 1.6 2.4 2.0 1.4 0.8 1.0 1.8 1.1 2.6 1.0 0.7 0.6
Federal 2.2 3.6 5.0 1.8 3.1 4.2 2.4 2.6 5.1 2.2 3.9 2.8
State or local 5.6 8.1 9.5 4.0 8.4 6.5 2.7 5.4 7.2 3.0 4.2 4.0
Private pensions or annuities 13.6 25.0 33.5 10.8 16.7 20.0 8.4 14.0 19.3 8.1 15.2 17.2
Income from assets 64.8 67.3 63.0 37.8 32.4 30.5 60.5 56.3 55.6 37.0 32.8 29.8
Interest 62.9 64.8 60.4 35.4 29.8 28.4 58.8 55.3 51.8 35.5 31.1 28.2
Other income from assets 33.8 36.5 29.6 14.3 10.7 10.3 27.7 29.5 25.9 13.1 12.4 9.3
Dividends 30.8 32.0 25.1 11.7 8.5 7.5 23.9 28.8 21.5 10.2 8.1 6.4
Rent or royalties 8.9 11.0 8.9 4.5 4.1 4.0 8.3 4.6 7.6 5.0 7.0 4.2
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.2 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0 0
Veterans' benefits 4.2 3.3 4.9 3.8 4.1 4.3 1.6 1.9 3.3 2.9 3.0 2.4
Unemployment compensation 5.6 4.0 1.6 4.4 3.8 2.2 8.1 4.9 3.8 6.0 3.0 3.0
Workers' compensation 1.8 1.7 0.7 2.2 1.9 0.8 1.6 0.7 1.5 2.7 2.1 1.3
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 7.7 7.5 8.8 20.3 22.0 28.3 8.0 12.0 18.5 18.7 21.0 24.2
Cash public assistance 4.8 4.5 3.9 13.1 11.8 13.2 5.1 6.9 12.3 11.2 13.4 14.9
Supplemental Security Income 4.4 4.2 3.7 10.5 11.1 12.3 4.8 6.9 11.5 9.6 12.1 14.2
Other 0.5 0.5 0.3 3.5 1.0 1.7 0.3 0 0.9 2.2 2.1 0.9
Noncash benefits 4.5 5.1 6.8 14.2 15.2 21.9 4.5 5.0 11.0 11.5 15.9 16.8
Food 3.0 3.3 2.8 9.0 8.9 11.0 2.1 2.3 5.8 7.7 11.2 10.9
Energy 1.3 1.6 2.2 2.6 3.5 4.7 0.2 2.2 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8
Housing 1.6 1.8 3.1 6.5 7.6 11.3 2.7 3.1 7.2 4.5 5.3 7.3
Personal contributions 2.3 1.9 1.4 3.1 1.9 2.5 2.8 3.1 2.5 3.5 1.4 2.2
Number (thousands) 18,737 6,254 30,710 2,223 686 2,958 857 238 1,092 1,776 540 2,194
All men
Earnings 87.8 72.3 37.7 80.4 66.6 39.5 95.2 94.2 55.7 88.1 73.0 48.4
Wages and salaries 83.1 67.5 33.8 77.7 66.1 38.9 90.0 91.1 53.4 85.4 70.1 45.0
Self-employment 15.3 12.3 7.6 7.2 6.5 3.2 14.3 6.7 7.7 9.2 7.4 6.6
Retirement benefits 30.5 61.0 93.9 32.6 62.8 89.8 17.4 38.8 75.7 24.8 50.5 83.2
Social Security 15.7 48.2 91.1 21.8 54.5 85.0 8.3 31.2 72.1 15.8 38.7 79.6
Benefits other than Social Security 19.8 34.4 50.6 17.0 26.0 34.5 12.0 15.4 33.1 12.8 23.0 27.0
Other public pensions 8.6 13.1 17.8 6.9 12.0 13.5 5.5 6.5 15.2 5.1 9.9 7.6
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.9 1.0 0.2 0.5 0.3 0.1 1.5 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4
Government employee pensions 8.4 12.3 16.9 6.8 12.0 13.2 5.4 6.5 15.2 5.0 9.7 7.2
Military 1.6 2.7 2.5 2.2 1.3 1.6 1.6 0 2.3 0.8 1.3 0.7
Federal 1.9 3.3 5.5 1.5 3.2 5.6 2.7 2.5 4.8 1.3 5.0 2.7
State or local 5.2 6.7 10.1 3.2 8.3 6.6 1.1 3.9 8.7 2.8 3.9 4.2
Private pensions or annuities 12.0 23.6 36.5 10.1 14.7 22.4 6.6 9.0 21.5 8.0 14.5 20.5
Income from assets 65.8 67.1 65.4 39.9 35.0 32.9 60.5 56.0 57.2 37.1 32.2 29.8
Interest 64.2 64.4 62.8 37.7 33.5 31.3 59.4 56.7 51.6 36.1 30.6 28.6
Other income from assets 34.6 36.8 31.6 15.1 10.8 12.2 27.0 35.3 30.4 13.4 11.5 9.9
Dividends 31.5 32.7 27.4 12.7 10.0 9.3 23.8 34.6 24.2 10.4 7.2 6.9
Rent or royalties 8.9 11.4 9.5 4.3 2.6 4.8 6.4 4.8 9.9 5.5 6.9 4.8
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.3 0.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0
Veterans' benefits 5.1 3.3 6.0 5.7 4.0 5.5 1.3 1.7 2.9 3.0 4.3 2.9
Unemployment compensation 5.8 3.8 1.8 4.3 4.6 2.6 6.3 4.2 4.9 6.6 2.5 3.0
Workers' compensation 1.9 1.8 0.7 2.6 0.6 0.8 1.9 0 1.1 2.9 1.4 1.3
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 6.8 6.0 6.5 15.9 23.8 25.6 6.4 7.8 16.3 16.1 15.8 18.4
Cash public assistance 4.4 3.8 3.2 11.4 13.7 11.3 4.7 7.3 9.8 10.2 10.9 10.6
Supplemental Security Income 4.2 3.7 2.9 9.5 13.2 10.4 4.7 7.3 9.1 8.7 10.9 10.1
Other 0.4 0.2 0.3 2.6 0.5 1.4 0.1 0 0.7 2.3 0.2 0.9
Noncash benefits 3.5 3.4 4.6 10.4 15.0 19.7 3.4 0.5 10.0 9.3 12.7 12.2
Food 2.2 2.2 2.0 6.6 8.2 8.5 1.7 0.5 5.7 5.8 8.2 7.5
Energy 1.0 1.1 1.5 1.6 4.9 3.6 0 0 2.4 1.3 1.2 1.7
Housing 1.3 0.9 1.9 3.9 5.2 11.0 1.9 0.5 6.0 3.3 4.9 5.7
Personal contributions 1.4 1.3 1.0 1.7 1.2 2.3 1.6 1.9 1.5 1.4 2.0 1.1
Number (thousands) 9,007 3,000 13,314 973 299 1,154 392 107 476 852 250 930
Married men
Earnings 92.4 77.5 40.5 87.6 79.0 50.7 98.9 99.6 58.8 92.4 78.8 46.8
Wages and salaries 88.5 72.7 36.5 85.8 79.0 50.3 94.0 95.4 55.7 90.3 76.3 43.6
Self-employment 16.7 13.7 8.3 9.1 7.9 4.1 16.2 8.9 9.1 10.7 9.1 5.3
Retirement benefits 30.3 61.3 94.4 32.5 66.4 91.8 15.3 38.5 79.5 25.6 55.6 84.4
Social Security 14.6 47.4 91.6 22.0 55.2 85.4 7.4 28.4 75.6 14.5 43.0 81.9
Benefits other than Social Security 20.7 37.5 52.5 17.1 34.2 40.4 10.3 20.6 37.1 14.7 26.2 27.3
Other public pensions 9.2 14.6 19.1 5.5 16.2 15.3 5.3 8.6 18.2 5.6 12.1 7.6
Railroad Retirement 0.2 1.0 1.0 0.1 0.7 0 0.1 2.0 0 0.2 0.4 0.2
Government employee pensions 9.0 13.7 18.1 5.4 16.2 15.3 5.2 8.6 18.2 5.4 11.8 7.4
Military 1.8 3.3 2.4 1.1 0.9 1.7 1.7 0 2.6 1.2 1.5 0.9
Federal 2.1 3.5 6.0 1.2 5.0 6.1 2.1 3.4 5.9 1.7 7.3 3.0
State or local 5.4 7.4 11.1 3.3 11.6 8.2 1.4 5.2 10.6 2.5 3.7 4.0
Private pensions or annuities 12.4 25.7 37.9 11.5 19.1 27.3 5.0 12.0 23.7 9.2 16.1 21.0
Income from assets 70.9 71.5 69.1 45.2 38.3 37.9 65.3 57.4 63.4 44.0 35.2 31.4
Interest 69.4 68.9 66.9 42.8 35.7 36.0 64.2 55.4 57.9 43.1 34.1 30.2
Other income from assets 38.6 40.4 34.8 16.3 12.6 17.1 29.7 29.7 32.8 16.8 12.2 11.8
Dividends 35.5 36.1 30.5 12.6 11.2 13.4 26.2 25.9 26.9 13.5 8.1 8.7
Rent or royalties 9.7 12.2 10.2 5.2 2.7 6.0 6.9 5.0 10.4 6.5 6.9 5.4
Estates or trusts 0.2 0.3 0.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0
Veterans' benefits 4.5 3.1 5.7 6.8 4.7 5.4 0.7 1.7 3.0 2.8 4.5 3.1
Unemployment compensation 6.1 4.3 1.9 4.5 6.0 4.0 6.7 5.6 5.6 6.4 2.4 2.7
Workers' compensation 1.8 1.8 0.6 2.3 0.6 0.9 1.6 0 0.6 2.9 1.8 0.3
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 5.1 4.3 4.6 10.2 15.6 14.9 3.9 10.4 14.1 15.0 14.1 17.3
Cash public assistance 3.7 2.6 2.6 6.9 13.3 9.7 3.4 9.8 8.3 9.7 8.1 9.7
Supplemental Security Income 3.5 2.6 2.4 5.8 13.3 8.3 3.4 9.8 7.4 8.4 8.1 9.0
Other 0.4 0.1 0.3 1.8 0 1.8 0 0 0.9 2.4 0.2 1.1
Noncash benefits 2.2 2.3 2.9 4.7 5.3 9.0 1.0 0.6 9.3 8.1 10.5 11.5
Food 1.5 1.6 1.5 2.8 1.4 5.9 1.0 0.6 5.2 5.0 8.7 7.7
Energy 0.5 0.7 1.1 0.7 3.6 1.7 0 0 2.8 1.3 1.4 1.8
Housing 0.6 0.3 0.9 1.6 0.9 3.0 0 0.6 5.9 2.7 2.3 4.3
Personal contributions 1.4 1.4 0.8 1.5 1.1 1.6 2.1 2.5 1.9 1.5 2.1 0.4
Number (thousands) 6,787 2,339 9,760 566 185 612 307 80 359 577 171 605
Nonmarried men
Earnings 73.7 53.6 29.8 70.5 46.5 27.0 81.9 a 46.4 79.1 60.5 51.5
Wages and salaries 66.8 49.4 26.2 66.5 45.3 26.0 75.5 a 46.1 75.2 56.7 47.7
Self-employment 11.0 7.5 5.6 4.5 4.3 2.1 7.7 a 3.4 6.1 3.7 9.1
Retirement benefits 31.3 60.2 92.6 32.7 57.1 87.5 24.9 a 63.9 23.1 39.3 81.1
Social Security 19.0 51.1 89.6 21.5 53.3 84.5 11.7 a 61.3 18.6 29.3 75.3
Benefits other than Social Security 16.8 23.3 45.4 17.0 12.8 27.9 18.3 a 20.4 9.0 16.0 26.6
Other public pensions 6.8 8.1 14.2 8.9 5.1 11.5 6.1 a 6.1 4.1 5.1 7.6
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.7 0.9 0.2 0 0.7 0 a 0.2 0 0 0.8
Government employee pensions 6.6 7.4 13.4 8.7 5.1 10.8 6.1 a 5.8 4.1 5.1 6.8
Military 1.1 0.5 2.7 3.7 2.0 1.4 1.3 a 1.5 0 0.8 0.2
Federal 1.1 2.9 4.1 2.0 0.1 5.0 4.8 a 1.5 0.6 0 2.1
State or local 4.5 4.1 7.3 3.0 3.0 4.8 0 a 2.9 3.5 4.3 4.7
Private pensions or annuities 10.9 16.0 32.7 8.1 7.7 17.0 12.2 a 14.6 5.5 10.9 19.7
Income from assets 50.1 51.5 55.2 32.5 29.7 27.3 43.0 a 37.8 22.7 25.8 26.9
Interest 48.1 48.5 51.7 30.7 30.0 26.1 41.8 a 32.1 21.6 23.0 25.7
Other income from assets 22.4 24.0 23.0 13.4 7.9 6.6 17.0 a 23.1 6.5 9.9 6.2
Dividends 19.3 20.8 19.1 13.0 8.2 4.6 15.4 a 15.7 3.9 5.4 3.7
Rent or royalties 6.7 8.6 7.8 3.2 2.5 3.4 4.6 a 8.3 3.3 6.7 3.8
Estates or trusts 0.7 0.1 0.2 0 0 0 0 a 0 0 0 0
Veterans' benefits 7.0 3.9 7.0 4.2 2.9 5.7 3.6 a 2.4 3.6 3.7 2.4
Unemployment compensation 4.8 1.8 1.5 3.9 2.2 1.0 4.7 a 2.7 6.8 2.7 3.6
Workers' compensation 2.1 1.8 0.7 2.9 0.7 0.7 3.1 a 2.7 3.0 0.6 3.2
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 11.8 11.8 11.6 23.8 37.0 37.7 15.6 a 23.2 18.4 19.4 20.6
Cash public assistance 6.5 8.0 4.7 17.7 14.3 13.2 9.4 a 14.6 11.3 16.9 12.4
Supplemental Security Income 6.3 7.5 4.5 14.8 13.0 12.6 9.4 a 14.6 9.2 16.9 12.1
Other 0.4 0.5 0.2 3.7 1.4 1.0 0.6 a 0 2.1 0 0.4
Noncash benefits 7.6 7.5 9.2 18.2 30.8 31.8 11.9 a 11.9 11.8 17.5 13.3
Food 4.3 4.7 3.6 11.9 19.3 11.5 4.3 a 7.4 7.5 7.2 7.0
Energy 2.7 2.4 2.9 2.8 7.1 5.8 0 a 1.3 1.5 0.6 1.4
Housing 3.2 2.9 4.6 6.9 12.2 20.1 8.6 a 6.2 4.6 10.5 8.2
Personal contributions 1.4 0.8 1.6 1.9 1.4 3.1 0 a 0 1.3 1.7 2.4
Number (thousands) 2,220 661 3,554 407 114 542 85 27 116 275 78 325
All women
Earnings 83.7 66.8 31.2 74.7 61.0 37.6 90.3 72.1 54.2 82.8 71.6 45.6
Wages and salaries 79.5 61.9 28.4 73.5 59.7 36.7 86.8 68.4 51.3 80.3 65.8 43.5
Self-employment 12.5 11.9 5.1 4.4 5.0 2.2 10.0 8.1 8.8 8.3 10.4 4.7
Retirement benefits 39.3 72.4 94.3 40.2 68.1 88.1 27.3 50.5 72.9 33.9 54.5 81.8
Social Security 25.6 64.4 92.1 30.8 60.5 85.2 18.1 44.0 69.3 24.8 46.9 78.6
Benefits other than Social Security 23.9 38.5 43.6 17.9 29.5 27.6 17.3 27.4 28.8 15.1 22.7 21.5
Other public pensions 10.0 15.2 15.5 7.0 12.3 10.2 8.1 9.6 14.2 7.2 7.5 7.4
Railroad Retirement 0.3 0.7 0.9 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.4 0 0.7 0.2 0 0.3
Government employee pensions 9.7 14.6 14.6 7.0 12.1 10.0 8.0 9.6 13.9 7.0 7.5 7.2
Military 1.6 2.2 1.6 0.7 0.4 0.5 2.0 2.0 2.8 1.1 0.2 0.6
Federal 2.5 3.9 4.7 2.1 3.1 3.4 2.2 2.6 5.3 3.1 2.9 2.9
State or local 6.0 9.4 9.1 4.6 8.5 6.5 4.0 6.7 6.0 3.1 4.5 3.8
Private pensions or annuities 15.0 26.4 31.2 11.4 18.3 18.4 9.9 18.1 17.5 8.1 15.9 14.7
Income from assets 63.9 67.6 61.2 36.2 30.3 29.0 60.5 56.6 54.4 36.9 33.4 29.7
Interest 61.7 65.1 58.5 33.6 27.0 26.6 58.2 54.2 52.0 34.9 31.5 27.8
Other income from assets 33.0 36.2 28.0 13.6 10.5 9.2 28.4 24.7 22.4 12.8 13.1 8.9
Dividends 30.1 31.4 23.3 10.8 7.3 6.3 24.0 24.0 19.5 10.1 8.9 6.1
Rent or royalties 8.8 10.6 8.3 4.7 5.2 3.4 9.9 4.5 5.8 4.5 7.1 3.8
Estates or trusts 0.2 0.2 0.5 0 0 0.1 0 0 0 0.2 0 0
Veterans' benefits 3.3 3.3 4.1 2.3 4.1 3.5 1.9 2.0 3.7 2.8 2.0 2.1
Unemployment compensation 5.5 4.2 1.5 4.5 3.2 1.9 9.6 5.5 3.0 5.6 3.5 3.0
Workers' compensation 1.8 1.5 0.7 1.9 2.9 0.8 1.3 1.2 1.8 2.4 2.7 1.4
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 8.6 8.9 10.6 23.7 20.7 29.9 9.3 15.4 20.1 21.1 25.6 28.5
Cash public assistance 5.1 5.1 4.5 14.4 10.3 14.4 5.3 6.6 14.3 12.1 15.6 18.0
Supplemental Security Income 4.7 4.6 4.2 11.2 9.5 13.5 4.9 6.6 13.3 10.3 13.1 17.3
Other 0.6 0.7 0.3 4.1 1.3 1.9 0.4 0 1.0 2.2 3.7 1.0
Noncash benefits 5.4 6.6 8.4 17.2 15.4 23.4 5.5 8.8 11.8 13.6 18.7 20.2
Food 3.7 4.3 3.4 10.9 9.4 12.5 2.4 3.8 5.8 9.4 13.8 13.4
Energy 1.6 2.0 2.8 3.4 2.3 5.4 0.4 4.0 1.4 2.1 2.6 1.9
Housing 1.8 2.6 4.0 8.5 9.4 11.5 3.4 5.4 8.2 5.5 5.7 8.4
Personal contributions 3.2 2.4 1.7 4.2 2.5 2.6 3.8 4.2 3.4 5.5 0.8 3.1
Number (thousands) 9,729 3,254 17,396 1,250 387 1,804 465 131 616 924 290 1,264
Married women
Earnings 86.4 68.9 34.0 77.1 74.0 38.7 94.4 78.9 50.0 88.3 73.3 42.1
Wages and salaries 81.9 63.7 30.0 76.4 73.8 38.4 90.0 73.3 45.9 85.9 68.0 39.0
Self-employment 15.4 13.8 7.3 6.7 2.9 3.5 11.1 11.3 9.7 9.7 11.0 6.0
Retirement benefits 43.0 78.9 95.3 49.1 79.4 94.3 31.2 53.9 84.5 36.7 62.0 87.9
Social Security 27.5 71.8 92.9 39.5 70.2 89.4 20.4 45.2 80.5 25.8 56.0 84.4
Benefits other than Social Security 27.5 45.0 53.3 24.2 41.7 37.6 21.3 33.5 40.8 18.0 27.4 26.4
Other public pensions 11.5 17.7 19.5 9.1 17.0 14.4 11.0 12.9 20.3 7.7 8.2 9.1
Railroad Retirement 0.3 0.9 1.2 0.3 0.6 0 0.7 0 0.7 0.1 0 0
Government employee pensions 11.1 17.0 18.4 9.1 16.5 14.4 10.9 12.9 19.7 7.6 8.2 9.1
Military 2.1 2.7 2.5 1.3 1.2 1.8 2.4 3.1 4.3 1.3 0 1.0
Federal 3.1 4.4 6.1 3.4 3.5 5.7 3.4 3.0 6.8 4.1 3.8 2.9
State or local 6.4 11.1 11.2 5.2 11.9 8.0 5.2 9.5 8.8 2.7 4.4 5.1
Private pensions or annuities 17.3 31.6 38.7 15.8 25.4 26.3 11.1 21.0 25.9 10.5 20.6 18.8
Income from assets 69.6 73.0 69.3 46.5 35.3 32.7 66.9 61.9 63.8 41.6 39.8 34.4
Interest 67.9 70.5 66.9 43.7 30.0 31.8 65.6 61.8 61.0 38.9 37.4 32.5
Other income from assets 37.8 40.9 34.2 17.2 14.8 15.5 32.1 26.7 33.2 15.6 19.6 10.8
Dividends 35.0 36.5 29.7 13.7 12.1 11.7 28.2 25.6 28.6 11.4 13.3 8.3
Rent or royalties 10.1 11.4 10.1 5.5 5.4 5.0 9.9 6.3 9.4 6.4 11.7 4.1
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.4 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Veterans' benefits 4.1 4.4 5.9 4.8 7.2 5.0 1.7 3.1 5.3 4.0 3.6 3.7
Unemployment compensation 5.7 4.4 1.4 4.5 5.4 2.2 9.7 8.2 3.1 6.7 3.6 1.8
Workers' compensation 1.9 1.7 0.5 1.8 1.8 0.5 0.3 0 0.9 2.8 2.1 0.3
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 5.2 3.7 4.3 14.0 11.3 15.5 5.2 14.3 12.0 15.3 14.9 16.9
Cash public assistance 3.7 2.4 2.2 10.0 7.0 9.3 3.5 7.6 8.4 10.6 8.8 10.3
Supplemental Security Income 3.4 2.2 2.0 8.1 7.0 8.9 3.5 7.6 7.3 9.3 8.1 9.7
Other 0.3 0.3 0.2 2.2 0 0.8 0 0 1.1 1.9 1.9 0.9
Noncash benefits 2.3 2.0 2.9 6.6 6.8 8.9 2.3 6.6 8.0 6.8 11.7 10.8
Food 1.5 1.5 1.4 4.1 3.0 4.7 1.1 4.1 4.4 4.7 8.2 7.8
Energy 0.7 0.5 1.1 1.0 1.3 2.6 0.6 6.1 1.0 0.4 2.6 1.6
Housing 0.5 0.5 1.0 1.9 2.5 2.8 1.3 3.1 5.5 2.4 2.3 3.4
Personal contributions 0.9 1.0 0.7 1.8 2.2 0.9 0.6 4.3 1.1 2.3 0.9 1.8
Number (thousands) 6,438 2,139 7,648 504 146 398 274 86 288 509 150 467
Nonmarried women
Earnings 78.5 63.0 29.0 73.1 53.1 37.3 84.5 a 57.8 76.0 69.7 47.6
Wages and salaries 74.8 58.5 27.2 71.6 51.2 36.2 82.1 a 56.1 73.4 63.4 46.1
Self-employment 7.0 8.4 3.4 2.9 6.3 1.9 8.5 a 8.0 6.7 9.8 3.9
Retirement benefits 32.2 59.9 93.5 34.2 61.2 86.3 21.8 a 62.8 30.5 46.5 78.2
Social Security 22.0 50.3 91.5 25.0 54.7 84.0 14.8 a 59.4 23.5 37.2 75.3
Benefits other than Social Security 16.7 26.0 35.9 13.7 22.2 24.8 11.5 a 18.3 11.6 17.6 18.7
Other public pensions 7.2 10.2 12.3 5.6 9.4 9.1 3.8 a 8.9 6.6 6.8 6.5
Railroad Retirement 0.3 0.3 0.6 0 0 0.6 0 a 0.7 0.4 0 0.4
Government employee pensions 6.9 10.2 11.7 5.6 9.4 8.8 3.8 a 8.9 6.2 6.8 6.0
Military 0.5 1.3 1.0 0.3 0 0.2 1.4 a 1.4 0.8 0.3 0.3
Federal 1.5 2.9 3.6 1.2 2.9 2.7 0.4 a 3.9 1.8 1.9 2.8
State or local 5.1 6.1 7.4 4.1 6.5 6.0 2.2 a 3.5 3.6 4.6 3.0
Private pensions or annuities 10.4 16.3 25.4 8.4 14.0 16.2 8.2 a 10.2 5.2 10.9 12.3
Income from assets 52.8 57.2 54.9 29.2 27.3 28.0 51.2 a 46.2 31.2 26.4 27.0
Interest 49.7 54.6 51.8 26.8 25.1 25.1 47.6 a 44.1 29.9 25.2 25.1
Other income from assets 23.6 27.3 23.1 11.2 8.0 7.4 23.1 a 12.9 9.3 6.2 7.8
Dividends 20.4 21.7 18.3 8.9 4.3 4.8 17.9 a 11.5 8.5 4.1 4.7
Rent or royalties 6.3 8.9 7.0 4.2 5.1 3.0 9.8 a 2.6 2.1 2.1 3.6
Estates or trusts 0.2 0 0.8 0 0 0.1 0 a 0 0.4 0 0
Veterans' benefits 1.7 1.3 2.7 0.7 2.2 3.1 2.3 a 2.4 1.2 0.2 1.1
Unemployment compensation 5.2 3.8 1.6 4.5 1.8 1.9 9.4 a 2.9 4.2 3.4 3.8
Workers' compensation 1.8 1.1 0.7 1.9 3.6 0.9 2.7 a 2.7 1.9 3.3 2.0
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 15.2 18.9 15.5 30.3 26.3 34.0 15.2 a 27.2 28.3 37.0 35.3
Cash public assistance 8.0 10.3 6.2 17.4 12.3 15.8 8.1 a 19.4 13.9 22.8 22.5
Supplemental Security Income 7.2 9.2 5.9 13.4 10.9 14.8 7.1 a 18.6 11.7 18.5 21.7
Other 1.2 1.6 0.4 5.4 2.0 2.2 1.0 a 0.8 2.6 5.8 1.0
Noncash benefits 11.5 15.6 12.8 24.4 20.6 27.5 10.1 a 15.2 21.9 26.3 25.7
Food 7.8 9.6 5.0 15.5 13.3 14.8 4.3 a 7.1 15.3 19.7 16.7
Energy 3.2 4.9 4.1 5.0 3.0 6.1 0.1 a 1.7 4.3 2.5 2.0
Housing 4.4 6.7 6.4 12.9 13.5 14.0 6.4 a 10.6 9.4 9.3 11.4
Personal contributions 7.5 4.9 2.4 5.9 2.6 3.0 8.4 a 5.4 9.4 0.7 3.8
Number (thousands) 3,292 1,115 9,748 746 241 1,406 190 44 328 415 140 797
a. Fewer than 75,000 weighted cases.
Table 2.B4 Percentage with family income from specified source, by family's Social Security beneficiary status and aged person's race, Hispanic origin, and age, 2004
Source of family income White alone Black alone Asian alone Hispanic origin
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
Persons in beneficiary families
Earnings 64.5 57.1 32.2 57.1 51.2 35.1 87.2 65.2 50.2 62.3 56.6 40.4
Wages and salaries 60.0 52.3 28.9 56.7 49.8 34.2 83.8 64.4 47.6 58.5 52.2 37.5
Self-employment 10.5 10.0 6.2 3.0 5.1 2.5 9.8 3.1 7.5 5.3 8.7 5.2
Retirement benefits 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Social Security 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Benefits other than Social Security 36.7 46.3 48.2 28.1 34.7 31.3 42.0 39.4 38.3 24.3 30.8 25.9
Other public pensions 12.3 15.4 16.2 11.0 14.3 11.2 12.8 12.0 16.5 10.5 7.2 7.3
Railroad Retirement 0.3 0.1 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.3 1.9 1.8 0.3 0.5 0 0.2
Government employee pensions 11.9 15.2 15.8 11.0 14.3 11.1 12.2 12.0 16.4 10.1 7.2 7.1
Military 2.0 2.5 2.1 1.7 0.8 1.0 0.4 0 2.9 1.8 0.6 0.4
Federal 2.6 3.4 4.8 2.6 3.8 3.7 5.6 5.0 4.9 3.4 2.6 2.7
State or local 7.5 10.3 9.8 7.2 9.8 6.9 6.5 9.6 9.1 4.9 4.1 4.0
Private pensions or annuities 26.6 35.0 35.6 17.7 21.5 21.4 30.9 27.8 25.0 14.2 26.0 19.6
Income from assets 52.2 65.1 64.2 33.6 32.1 30.4 59.2 65.3 61.9 27.0 36.2 31.3
Interest 49.5 62.1 61.5 30.0 28.1 28.6 58.0 62.9 58.1 26.6 33.0 29.4
Other income from assets 24.2 32.9 30.3 13.3 11.7 10.1 29.6 31.1 29.2 8.3 15.8 9.8
Dividends 20.7 28.8 25.8 10.6 8.1 7.2 23.6 31.3 23.6 6.3 12.3 7.0
Rent or royalties 7.4 9.1 9.1 5.3 5.0 4.2 11.7 3.8 9.5 2.3 8.6 4.4
Estates or trusts 0.1 0.1 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Veterans' benefits 7.7 4.5 5.1 9.6 5.3 4.8 2.3 0.8 4.4 4.2 3.9 2.8
Unemployment compensation 3.5 3.9 1.6 4.3 2.9 2.2 6.6 4.5 3.2 4.6 2.8 2.6
Workers' compensation 2.7 1.8 0.6 2.3 1.7 0.8 0 0 1.2 5.8 2.0 0.9
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 14.4 8.2 8.1 30.3 24.9 28.5 9.4 9.3 11.3 29.7 20.1 22.6
Cash public assistance 9.2 4.1 3.1 19.1 12.8 12.5 3.5 3.9 5.4 19.1 10.8 12.9
Supplemental Security Income 8.7 3.7 2.9 15.9 12.4 11.7 3.2 3.9 4.7 15.1 10.2 12.2
Other 0.9 0.5 0.3 4.7 0.8 1.5 0.2 0 0.7 5.9 1.5 0.9
Noncash benefits 8.3 5.6 6.3 21.5 18.9 22.7 6.3 5.3 8.1 20.7 15.7 16.4
Food 5.9 3.7 2.5 13.1 11.0 11.2 5.8 1.6 3.9 17.1 13.2 10.5
Energy 2.8 2.3 2.2 4.5 5.6 4.9 0 0 0.3 3.0 3.6 1.9
Housing 3.0 1.6 3.0 9.8 7.9 12.0 1.0 3.7 5.5 5.9 2.3 7.0
Personal contributions 2.5 1.5 1.2 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.1 6.4 2.1 4.4 1.3 1.9
Number (thousands) 3,907 3,543 28,147 597 397 2,517 117 91 770 364 233 1,734
Persons in nonbeneficiary families
Earnings 91.2 85.5 53.9 84.7 80.2 57.3 93.4 92.5 65.9 91.3 84.1 70.9
Wages and salaries 86.8 80.7 51.1 82.2 80.1 56.4 88.9 87.4 63.3 89.0 79.6 69.1
Self-employment 14.7 14.9 6.5 6.6 6.4 3.5 12.3 10.2 10.2 9.6 9.3 6.8
Retirement benefits 18.0 23.7 29.7 13.7 18.8 24.5 10.6 11.2 12.3 11.4 16.8 16.0
Social Security 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Benefits other than Social Security 18.0 23.7 29.7 13.7 18.8 24.5 10.6 11.2 12.3 11.4 16.8 16.0
Other public pensions 8.6 12.6 19.6 5.5 9.2 13.0 6.0 5.8 10.4 5.1 9.7 8.4
Railroad Retirement 0.2 1.6 6.0 0.1 0.3 1.2 0 0 0.6 0.1 0.2 0.9
Government employee pensions 8.4 11.3 13.9 5.4 8.9 12.3 6.0 5.8 9.8 5.0 9.5 7.5
Military 1.5 2.4 1.0 1.2 0.9 0.8 2.0 1.8 1.7 0.8 0.8 1.2
Federal 2.1 3.9 7.1 1.6 2.3 7.2 1.9 1.1 5.4 1.9 4.8 3.0
State or local 5.1 5.2 6.1 2.8 6.6 4.3 2.1 2.9 2.6 2.5 4.3 3.7
Private pensions or annuities 10.1 12.0 10.7 8.3 10.2 12.0 4.8 5.4 5.6 6.5 7.1 8.1
Income from assets 68.1 70.2 50.2 39.3 32.8 31.3 60.7 50.7 40.5 39.6 30.3 23.9
Interest 66.4 68.3 47.9 37.4 32.1 27.5 58.9 50.7 36.8 37.7 29.7 23.5
Other income from assets 36.3 41.2 21.2 14.6 9.3 11.4 27.5 28.4 18.1 14.3 9.7 7.7
Dividends 33.4 36.2 17.7 12.1 9.0 8.8 24.0 27.2 16.5 11.3 4.9 4.2
Rent or royalties 9.2 13.4 6.3 4.3 2.8 2.6 7.7 5.1 3.1 5.6 5.7 3.6
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.4 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.1 0
Veterans' benefits 3.2 1.8 3.1 1.6 2.4 1.8 1.5 2.5 0.9 2.6 2.3 0.8
Unemployment compensation 6.2 4.1 2.3 4.4 5.1 2.3 8.3 5.1 5.3 6.4 3.3 4.5
Workers' compensation 1.6 1.4 0.9 2.1 2.1 1.0 1.8 1.1 2.3 1.9 2.2 2.8
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 5.9 6.6 17.1 16.6 18.0 27.0 7.8 13.6 35.5 15.9 21.7 30.2
Cash public assistance 3.6 4.9 12.6 10.9 10.4 17.2 5.3 8.8 28.9 9.2 15.4 22.2
Supplemental Security Income 3.3 4.7 12.5 8.5 9.3 15.4 5.1 8.8 27.7 8.1 13.5 21.6
Other 0.4 0.5 0.3 3.0 1.1 3.1 0.3 0 1.2 1.3 2.5 1.1
Noncash benefits 3.5 4.5 11.4 11.5 10.2 17.4 4.2 4.8 18.0 9.2 16.1 18.3
Food 2.2 2.7 6.4 7.5 6.0 9.9 1.5 2.7 10.4 5.3 9.7 12.4
Energy 0.9 0.6 2.7 1.9 0.6 3.5 0.3 3.6 5.4 1.4 0.6 1.2
Housing 1.2 2.1 4.8 5.2 7.0 7.7 3.0 2.8 11.4 4.1 7.6 8.0
Personal contributions 2.3 2.3 3.3 3.2 0.8 1.5 2.9 1.2 3.6 3.3 1.4 3.7
Number (thousands) 14,830 2,711 2,563 1,626 289 441 740 147 322 1,412 307 459
 
Table 2.B5 Percentage with family income from specified source, by sex, marital status, and age, 2004
Source of family income Widowed Divorced Never married
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
55–61 62–64 65 or
older
Men
Earnings 66.0 58.7 28.0 74.3 50.2 34.3 70.4 47.8 25.9
Wages and salaries 60.4 58.7 26.1 66.3 45.8 28.7 67.1 46.3 21.4
Self-employment 11.3 12.7 4.0 11.7 6.2 7.4 5.8 3.3 5.8
Retirement benefits 35.9 59.2 93.8 31.7 64.4 89.4 36.0 61.2 87.8
Social Security 19.6 50.7 90.5 18.3 55.3 87.5 25.0 51.1 83.9
Benefits other than Social Security 17.2 25.6 46.3 18.2 22.7 38.7 18.0 21.8 37.2
Other public pensions 6.0 9.2 15.7 8.4 7.2 11.7 6.3 10.6 12.5
Railroad Retirement 0 3.5 1.3 0.2 0 0.2 0.3 0 0.9
Government employee pensions 6.0 5.6 14.5 8.2 7.2 11.4 5.9 10.6 11.6
Military 1.7 2.2 2.6 1.6 0.7 2.4 1.6 0.1 2.7
Federal 1.3 0 5.1 1.6 3.2 2.5 1.2 2.6 2.9
State or local 3.0 3.4 7.7 5.0 3.2 6.8 3.4 7.9 6.8
Private pensions or annuities 11.9 18.5 32.4 10.4 16.2 28.0 13.0 11.2 26.4
Income from assets 52.3 54.7 52.8 49.4 48.5 42.9 50.9 52.7
Interest 48.0 55.4 49.8 47.6 45.3 46.3 41.5 51.5 48.4
Other income from assets 31.5 20.0 22.5 20.4 21.7 20.8 19.9 29.8 21.2
Dividends 26.7 20.0 19.3 17.4 17.4 16.1 18.0 29.4 16.6
Rent or royalties 10.4 5.4 6.3 6.3 9.1 7.5 5.3 8.2 10.7
Estates or trusts 5.0 0 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.1 0 0
Veterans' benefits 10.2 3.8 6.5 6.9 4.6 6.3 6.2 2.2 7.1
Unemployment compensation 6.1 2.9 1.4 5.0 2.5 1.6 4.7 0.5 1.4
Workers' compensation 1.5 0 0.6 2.1 1.7 0.5 2.1 1.8 1.4
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 15.9 7.8 12.0 10.9 13.3 16.3 21.5 23.3 21.9
Cash public assistance 8.7 2.9 4.4 5.1 9.0 4.7 15.4 10.5 11.0
Supplemental Security Income 8.7 2.9 4.0 5.1 9.0 4.7 13.5 8.6 10.9
Other 0 0 0.4 0.1 0 0 2.9 1.9 0.4
Noncash benefits 10.6 7.8 9.8 7.6 8.7 13.3 15.1 17.1 17.3
Food 7.5 6.3 4.0 3.8 4.7 4.4 8.9 8.7 6.9
Energy 2.9 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.6 5.2 3.7 5.5 4.4
Housing 3.3 2.9 4.7 3.7 2.8 7.1 6.0 7.4 9.8
Personal contributions 2.2 0 2.1 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.1 0.4
Number (thousands) 221 123 2,069 1,466 397 1,070 747 158 670
Women
Earnings 73.9 52.7 29.0 81.1 68.5 41.4 77.5 56.7 29.9
Wages and salaries 71.3 48.6 27.5 77.9 64.9 38.8 73.3 51.5 27.5
Self-employment 4.7 8.1 3.4 7.1 7.3 4.2 7.2 8.9 3.1
Retirement benefits 45.1 75.2 93.3 27.4 53.3 91.0 28.7 47.9 81.6
Social Security 29.5 63.4 91.2 19.1 45.0 89.1 20.9 41.6 77.8
Benefits other than Social Security 23.6 32.3 34.3 12.9 20.5 33.0 15.1 23.9 41.0
Other public pensions 9.1 12.2 11.9 5.6 9.7 12.4 6.8 5.4 13.8
Railroad Retirement 0.3 0.6 0.8 0.3 0 0.4 0.2 0 0.3
Government employee pensions 8.8 12.2 11.2 5.3 9.7 12.1 6.5 5.4 13.5
Military 1.1 3.1 1.1 0.2 0 0.6 0.4 0 0.2
Federal 2.7 4.1 3.7 0.9 2.7 3.0 1.0 2.0 3.8
State or local 5.1 5.3 6.7 4.2 7.0 8.8 5.6 3.3 9.9
Private pensions or annuities 16.4 21.3 24.3 7.8 11.4 20.9 8.3 18.5 28.6
Income from assets 52.4 44.8 51.9 48.5 57.7 50.2 48.9 52.6 49.4
Interest 48.2 43.5 48.8 45.7 54.1 46.8 47.6 49.6 47.6
Other income from assets 25.1 21.1 21.2 19.5 27.4 18.9 22.9 22.5 22.3
Dividends 21.1 15.3 16.4 17.1 20.6 15.7 18.0 22.2 18.7
Rent or royalties 8.6 8.6 6.8 4.5 9.3 5.0 7.1 2.9 5.0
Estates or trusts 0 0 0.8 0.3 0 0.4 0 0 0.1
Veterans' benefits 4.0 3.4 3.1 1.0 0.5 1.8 0.9 0 1.0
Unemployment compensation 5.2 2.4 1.6 5.6 4.1 2.3 5.3 4.4 0.5
Workers' compensation 1.7 2.1 0.9 2.0 1.5 0.6 2.1 0.6 0.5
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 16.0 20.0 16.6 16.5 17.8 23.1 19.0 23.9 20.8
Cash public assistance 8.4 10.0 7.0 8.0 8.8 9.9 12.4 14.3 10.1
Supplemental Security Income 6.9 9.2 6.7 7.1 7.6 9.4 10.9 12.5 10.0
Other 2.0 0.9 0.6 1.4 2.1 0.7 2.5 2.7 0.1
Noncash benefits 12.7 15.2 13.3 12.6 15.1 19.2 14.0 20.0 15.8
Food 8.2 8.6 5.6 8.6 9.1 8.7 8.0 11.4 7.6
Energy 4.2 5.0 4.2 3.0 4.0 5.6 2.4 0.9 3.2
Housing 4.1 5.9 6.4 5.5 7.5 10.9 8.3 12.4 8.4
Personal contributions 5.1 1.9 2.1 9.3 8.2 4.9 3.4 0 2.6
Number (thousands) 973 501 8,613 2,125 605 1,707 740 208 790
 
Table 2.B6 Percentage with family income from specified source, by number of persons in family and quintile of per-capita family total money income, 2004
Source of family income Total First Second Third Fourth Fifth
All persons
Earnings 35.1 16.6 19.4 33.3 46.2 60.2
Wages and salaries 32.1 15.3 17.4 31.2 42.3 54.2
Self-employment 6.0 2.2 2.7 3.8 7.8 13.4
Retirement benefits 93.0 83.0 96.9 96.8 95.6 92.9
Social Security 90.4 80.4 95.0 94.7 92.0 89.8
Benefits other than Social Security 44.6 11.9 30.4 54.8 63.2 62.8
Other public pensions 16.0 3.1 6.5 15.1 24.8 30.3
Railroad Retirement 0.9 0.2 0.7 1.3 1.4 0.7
Government employee pensions 15.2 2.9 5.8 13.9 23.5 29.7
Military 1.9 0.3 0.3 1.7 3.1 4.2
Federal 5.0 1.2 2.3 4.2 7.6 9.4
State or local 9.2 1.4 3.3 8.5 14.0 18.6
Private pensions or annuities 31.8 9.0 24.7 42.5 44.0 39.0
Income from assets 59.8 30.1 47.7 64.5 73.1 83.6
Interest 57.2 28.9 45.9 61.8 69.4 79.8
Other income from assets 27.7 8.9 15.3 26.8 35.2 52.2
Dividends 23.3 6.3 11.9 22.2 29.9 46.4
Rent or royalties 8.4 3.4 4.7 7.5 9.5 16.7
Estates or trusts 0.3 0 0 0.4 0.4 0.8
Veterans' benefits 4.8 3.6 3.9 5.0 6.0 5.7
Unemployment compensation 1.8 1.4 1.5 1.8 2.3 1.9
Workers' compensation 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.5 1.1 0.8
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 10.9 27.8 14.4 6.5 4.0 1.9
Cash public assistance 5.1 14.0 5.0 2.8 2.2 1.3
Supplemental Security Income 4.7 13.1 4.6 2.7 2.1 1.2
Other 0.5 1.5 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.1
Noncash benefits 8.3 22.6 11.5 4.4 2.1 0.7
Food 3.7 13.2 3.5 0.9 0.5 0.2
Energy 2.5 6.2 4.1 1.4 0.4 0.1
Housing 4.0 9.7 5.9 2.3 1.4 0.5
Personal contributions 1.5 2.4 1.5 1.7 1.3 0.8
Number (thousands) 35,213 7,044 7,035 7,045 7,044 7,045
Persons in 1-person families
Earnings 15.0 2.8 3.2 10.9 22.1 41.1
Wages and salaries 13.2 2.3 2.7 9.9 19.8 35.7
Self-employment 2.2 0.6 0.5 1.1 2.9 6.7
Retirement benefits 93.5 82.6 98.2 98.7 95.8 92.3
Social Security 91.2 81.0 96.9 96.9 92.5 88.4
Benefits other than Social Security 37.6 6.6 18.9 44.2 62.2 65.0
Other public pensions 12.5 1.3 4.0 10.5 20.9 29.5
Railroad Retirement 0.6 0.2 0.7 0.5 1.1 0.8
Government employee pensions 11.8 1.2 3.2 10.0 19.9 28.8
Military 1.3 0.2 0.1 0.7 2.4 3.8
Federal 3.6 0.5 1.1 2.6 5.6 9.1
State or local 7.3 0.4 2.1 6.8 12.2 17.5
Private pensions or annuities 26.4 5.3 15.1 34.6 43.1 39.3
Income from assets 51.8 24.7 38.2 59.2 64.8 78.8
Interest 48.4 23.1 35.8 54.9 61.0 73.6
Other income from assets 21.5 6.2 10.9 22.7 26.7 45.8
Dividends 16.7 3.3 7.0 17.6 20.9 38.9
Rent or royalties 7.0 3.1 4.3 6.3 7.7 14.9
Estates or trusts 0.7 0 0 0.9 0.9 1.9
Veterans' benefits 3.4 1.9 2.5 3.3 5.1 4.7
Unemployment compensation 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.2 1.1 0.8
Workers' compensation 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.7
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 16.4 36.2 23.3 10.5 6.2 1.9
Cash public assistance 4.8 14.9 4.6 1.7 1.6 0.4
Supplemental Security Income 4.8 14.8 4.4 1.7 1.5 0.4
Other 0.1 0.1 0.2 0 0.1 0
Noncash benefits 15.0 32.8 21.2 10.1 5.4 1.8
Food 4.9 16.2 5.1 0.9 0.6 0.3
Energy 4.6 8.9 7.6 3.7 1.4 0.2
Housing 8.9 18.4 12.9 5.8 4.2 1.3
Personal contributions 1.2 1.6 0.8 1.3 1.3 0.8
Number (thousands) 11,448 2,366 2,668 2,236 2,072 2,107
Persons in 2-person families
Earnings 34.2 8.7 17.5 31.1 44.5 62.5
Wages and salaries 30.2 6.9 15.1 28.3 39.2 55.8
Self-employment 6.9 2.0 2.8 4.6 8.3 15.3
Retirement benefits 94.9 86.4 98.4 98.0 96.8 94.2
Social Security 92.4 84.0 96.3 96.0 93.4 91.6
Benefits other than Social Security 51.4 13.6 39.3 64.2 68.8 64.4
Other public pensions 18.5 3.0 7.9 17.3 27.8 32.5
Railroad Retirement 1.1 0.2 0.6 1.8 2.0 0.7
Government employee pensions 17.4 2.7 7.3 15.6 26.0 31.9
Military 2.2 0.3 0.6 1.9 3.3 4.6
Federal 5.9 1.2 3.1 4.8 9.0 10.1
State or local 10.5 1.3 3.8 9.4 15.6 20.3
Private pensions or annuities 37.2 10.8 32.7 50.4 48.6 39.7
Income from assets 66.2 35.8 56.1 68.9 77.5 86.7
Interest 64.0 35.1 54.8 66.9 73.6 83.7
Other income from assets 32.3 10.8 18.8 29.7 40.2 56.6
Dividends 28.3 8.7 15.7 25.8 35.5 51.0
Rent or royalties 9.4 3.6 5.0 8.2 10.5 17.8
Estates or trusts 0.2 0 0 0.1 0.2 0.4
Veterans' benefits 5.5 3.7 4.9 5.6 6.5 6.5
Unemployment compensation 1.3 0.8 0.8 1.1 2.1 1.8
Workers' compensation 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.5 0.8 0.6
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 5.8 18.1 6.9 2.7 2.2 1.2
Cash public assistance 3.2 9.5 3.4 1.4 1.6 0.9
Supplemental Security Income 3.1 9.4 3.1 1.4 1.6 0.8
Other 0.1 0.2 0.3 0 0 0
Noncash benefits 4.1 14.5 4.9 1.7 0.7 0.3
Food 1.9 8.0 1.5 0.5 0.4 0.1
Energy 1.4 5.1 2.1 0.4 0.1 0
Housing 1.6 5.8 1.8 0.8 0.2 0.2
Personal contributions 0.7 1.2 1.0 0.7 0.3 0.2
Number (thousands) 18,529 3,281 3,591 3,759 3,817 4,081
Persons in families of 3 or more
Earnings 82.5 58.5 83.6 88.6 95.2 96.0
Wages and salaries 80.0 56.9 78.4 87.2 93.0 92.5
Self-employment 11.1 5.5 10.0 7.0 15.1 20.7
Retirement benefits 85.0 75.5 85.5 88.3 91.1 88.0
Social Security 81.3 71.1 82.3 85.5 86.5 85.0
Benefits other than Social Security 36.0 17.0 28.3 43.8 46.7 49.6
Other public pensions 14.9 6.5 8.6 17.2 22.0 21.9
Railroad Retirement 0.6 0.3 0.8 0.9 0.2 1.0
Government employee pensions 14.4 6.2 7.8 16.3 21.9 21.5
Military 2.2 0.8 0.2 2.8 4.0 2.9
Federal 4.8 2.6 2.9 5.6 6.4 7.2
State or local 8.3 3.4 4.8 9.1 11.8 13.7
Private pensions or annuities 24.6 11.0 20.7 30.8 30.5 34.8
Income from assets 54.7 26.0 41.6 60.3 73.7 80.6
Interest 52.0 23.9 39.2 58.1 70.7 76.5
Other income from assets 24.6 8.7 14.5 24.7 33.8 47.3
Dividends 20.3 5.9 11.5 19.0 28.0 42.8
Rent or royalties 7.8 3.4 4.5 7.9 9.5 15.7
Estates or trusts 0.1 0 0 0.1 0 0.2
Veterans' benefits 5.6 6.1 3.8 6.5 6.1 4.4
Unemployment compensation 6.1 4.7 8.6 7.9 5.2 5.1
Workers' compensation 2.4 1.7 4.4 1.3 3.0 2.1
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 16.9 36.1 18.3 11.4 5.9 5.7
Cash public assistance 12.2 23.1 13.2 10.0 5.4 5.7
Supplemental Security Income 10.6 18.7 11.9 9.3 5.2 5.2
Other 2.4 7.0 1.7 1.0 0.2 0.4
Noncash benefits 8.4 24.3 8.9 2.2 0.7 0.2
Food 7.1 20.5 7.0 2.0 0.5 0.2
Energy 1.5 4.4 1.7 0.2 0 0
Housing 1.4 4.3 1.3 0.2 0.1 0
Personal contributions 5.4 6.6 6.5 6.0 4.4 3.3
Number (thousands) 5,236 1,397 777 1,050 1,156 856
NOTE: Per-capita family total money income quintile limits are $9,508, $13,599, $19,120, and $30,199.
Table 2.B7 Percentage with family income from specified source, by sex and ratio of family total money income to the poverty threshold, 2004
Source of family income All persons Men Women
Under
1.00
1.00–
1.24
1.25–
1.49
1.50–
1.99
2.00 or
more
Under
1.00
1.00–
1.24
1.25–
1.49
1.50–
1.99
2.00 or
more
Under
1.00
1.00–
1.24
1.25–
1.49
1.50–
1.99
2.00 or
more
Earnings 8.7 11.7 10.8 16.5 48.9 11.5 13.9 12.8 17.8 48.9 7.5 10.6 9.8 15.7 49.0
Wages and salaries 7.7 11.3 9.6 14.6 44.8 10.2 13.2 11.5 15.6 44.3 6.5 10.4 8.8 13.9 45.3
Self-employment 1.7 1.1 1.5 2.4 8.5 2.5 1.7 1.9 2.7 9.5 1.4 0.8 1.4 2.2 7.7
Retirement benefits 73.6 94.6 95.6 97.2 94.6 66.6 93.0 93.6 97.0 94.9 76.7 95.5 96.6 97.4 94.4
Social Security 71.1 93.0 93.9 95.4 91.6 63.4 91.7 91.2 94.8 91.6 74.5 93.7 95.3 95.8 91.6
Benefits other than Social Security 7.1 12.1 19.7 33.2 59.6 6.3 8.0 17.8 31.4 61.8 7.4 14.1 20.7 34.4 57.7
Other public pensions 1.7 3.7 4.1 7.5 22.9 1.2 2.7 4.1 6.4 23.2 1.8 4.2 4.1 8.1 22.6
Railroad Retirement 0.1 0.4 0.8 0.3 1.2 0.1 0.4 1.1 0.4 1.1 0.1 0.4 0.7 0.2 1.2
Government employee pensions 1.6 3.3 3.2 7.2 21.8 1.2 2.3 3.0 6.1 22.2 1.7 3.8 3.4 7.9 21.5
Military 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.5 2.9 0 0.6 0.1 0.4 3.4 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.5 2.5
Federal 0.4 1.2 1.1 2.5 7.1 0.2 0.6 0.8 2.9 7.2 0.6 1.5 1.3 2.3 7.0
State or local 1.0 1.7 2.0 4.4 13.2 1.0 1.1 2.2 3.0 13.2 0.9 2.0 1.9 5.2 13.2
Private pensions or annuities 5.5 8.4 16.0 26.4 41.6 5.2 5.4 13.7 25.6 43.5 5.6 10.0 17.1 27.0 39.9
Income from assets 25.0 30.8 38.9 50.5 73.1 23.9 30.3 32.5 48.1 73.7 25.5 31.1 42.0 51.9 72.5
Interest 24.2 28.2 37.6 47.3 70.1 23.5 28.0 31.6 44.9 70.9 24.6 28.4 40.5 48.8 69.3
Other income from assets 7.1 8.3 11.3 17.6 37.2 7.5 7.8 8.1 16.1 38.2 7.0 8.6 12.9 18.6 36.4
Dividends 5.1 6.1 7.1 13.7 32.2 5.9 6.6 5.3 12.9 33.2 4.8 5.9 8.0 14.3 31.2
Rent or royalties 2.9 2.4 4.9 5.3 11.0 2.8 1.5 3.5 5.4 11.5 2.9 2.8 5.5 5.2 10.6
Estates or trusts 0 0 0 0.3 0.4 0 0 0 0 0.2 0 0 0 0.6 0.6
Veterans' benefits 1.7 4.2 2.3 5.0 5.7 1.3 8.9 3.6 6.2 6.3 1.8 1.9 1.7 4.2 5.1
Unemployment compensation 1.0 0.4 0.6 1.3 2.3 1.4 0.5 1.5 1.1 2.4 0.8 0.4 0.2 1.5 2.1
Workers' compensation 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.9 0.9 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.8 0.2 0 0.4 0.5 1.0
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 33.8 28.6 20.6 11.6 4.1 31.1 25.1 21.0 10.4 3.5 34.9 30.4 20.4 12.5 4.6
Cash public assistance 16.4 9.3 7.8 4.8 2.6 15.7 8.3 8.3 4.4 2.3 16.6 9.8 7.5 5.1 2.9
Supplemental Security Income 15.7 8.3 7.3 4.2 2.4 14.9 7.0 8.1 3.6 2.1 16.1 8.9 7.0 4.6 2.7
Other 1.0 1.3 0.7 0.8 0.2 1.0 1.6 0.3 0.9 0.2 1.0 1.2 0.9 0.7 0.2
Noncash benefits 29.3 24.9 17.3 9.0 1.9 25.4 22.1 16.9 7.5 1.6 31.0 26.3 17.5 10.0 2.2
Food 17.0 10.5 6.6 2.5 0.7 14.5 9.8 7.2 2.3 0.6 18.0 10.9 6.3 2.6 0.8
Energy 7.5 6.8 6.7 3.5 0.4 7.2 6.4 5.3 2.9 0.4 7.6 7.1 7.5 3.9 0.5
Housing 14.7 13.4 7.1 3.8 0.9 12.5 11.6 6.4 3.0 0.8 15.6 14.3 7.4 4.4 1.0
Personal contributions 2.6 1.1 1.8 1.5 1.4 2.8 0.3 1.5 1.1 1.0 2.5 1.5 2.0 1.7 1.7
Number (thousands) 3,457 2,347 2,610 4,948 21,852 1,058 786 863 1,929 10,515 2,398 1,561 1,747 3,019 11,337
NOTE: The family money income of aged persons is compared with the official poverty lines of families in 2004.
Table 2.B8 Percentage with family income from specified source, by proportion of family income from Social Security and sex, 2004
Source of family income Proportion of family income from Social Security
Less than 50 percent 50–89 percent 90–99 percent 100 percent
All
persons
Men Women All
persons
Men Women All
persons
Men Women All
persons
Men Women
Earnings 59.8 60.1 59.4 20.8 22.8 19.3 3.9 4.3 3.7 0 0 0
Wages and salaries 54.7 54.5 55.0 18.3 20.1 17.0 3.1 3.1 3.1 0 0 0
Self-employment 10.8 12.1 9.6 3.3 3.7 3.0 0.8 1.2 0.6 0 0 0
Retirement benefits 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Social Security 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Benefits other than Social Security 60.2 62.8 57.8 59.7 62.6 57.6 16.9 16.7 16.9 0 0 0
Other public pensions 28.5 28.9 28.2 9.9 9.9 10.0 1.2 1.1 1.3 0 0 0
Railroad Retirement 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.3 0.3 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0
Government employee pensions 27.8 28.2 27.5 9.6 9.6 9.6 1.2 1.1 1.3 0 0 0
Military 3.9 4.5 3.3 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.1 0 0.2 0 0 0
Federal 9.6 9.8 9.4 1.7 1.7 1.8 0.1 0.2 0.1 0 0 0
State or local 16.4 16.2 16.6 7.1 7.0 7.2 1.0 0.9 1.1 0 0 0
Private pensions or annuities 37.6 40.0 35.4 52.0 55.2 49.6 15.9 15.7 16.0 0 0 0
Income from assets 74.2 76.4 72.2 65.4 65.3 65.5 84.6 84.0 84.9 0 0 0
Interest 69.9 72.0 68.1 61.9 62.1 61.8 80.0 79.2 80.5 0 0 0
Other income from assets 40.5 42.7 38.5 28.8 28.0 29.4 19.9 20.7 19.4 0 0 0
Dividends 34.4 36.6 32.4 23.0 22.8 23.2 16.2 17.6 15.3 0 0 0
Rent or royalties 12.8 13.8 11.8 8.7 8.5 8.9 4.4 4.1 4.6 0 0 0
Estates or trusts 0.6 0.4 0.8 0.3 0 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0
Veterans' benefits 7.0 7.9 6.2 5.7 6.7 4.9 2.1 3.0 1.6 0 0 0
Unemployment compensation 3.2 3.4 3.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.2 0.4 0.1 0 0 0
Workers' compensation 1.2 1.0 1.3 0.5 0.7 0.5 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 6.0 4.4 7.4 11.1 8.7 12.9 12.0 7.8 14.4 18.0 16.1 19.0
Cash public assistance 3.8 2.7 4.7 6.7 5.3 7.7 3.1 2.5 3.5 0 0 0
Supplemental Security Income 3.4 2.3 4.3 6.4 5.0 7.4 2.7 2.1 3.1 0 0 0
Other 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4 0 0 0
Noncash benefits 3.5 2.5 4.4 8.1 5.8 9.7 11.0 6.7 13.5 18.0 16.1 19.0
Food 1.8 1.3 2.3 3.8 2.6 4.7 2.9 2.4 3.2 6.9 6.5 7.0
Energy 0.7 0.5 0.9 2.6 1.8 3.1 5.1 3.2 6.3 4.8 3.9 5.2
Housing 1.4 0.9 1.8 3.7 2.6 4.4 5.5 2.9 7.1 10.3 8.6 11.2
Personal contributions 2.0 1.4 2.6 1.4 1.2 1.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 0 0 0
Number (thousands) 13,723 6,483 7,240 9,658 4,055 5,603 3,442 1,276 2,166 4,573 1,599 2,974
NOTE: Persons in families with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.