Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2006

 

Key Terms and Concepts for Section 2 1

Table characteristics

Age. Age classification is based on the age of the person at his or her last birthday as of March 2007. A married couple's age is defined as the age of the husband—unless he is under age 55 and the wife is 55 or older, in which case it is the age of the wife.

Aged unit. With age 55 as the cutoff, aged units are defined as married couples living together—at least one of whom is 55 or older—and nonmarried persons 55 or older.

Marital status. Married persons are married and living with their spouse. Nonmarried persons may be divorced, widowed, never married, separated, or married but living apart from their spouse.

Race. The categories White alone, Black alone, and Asian alone reflect respondents who reported only one race. Because of changes to the race category, data on race are not directly comparable to editions prior to 2002. A person's race is his or her reported race. A married couple's race is defined as the race of the husband.

Hispanic origin. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. A married couple is of Hispanic origin if the husband is of Hispanic origin.

Family. A family is a group of two or more people (one of whom is the householder) related by birth, marriage, or adoption and residing together; all such people (including related subfamily members) are considered as members of one family.

Social Security beneficiary. A beneficiary may be receiving retired-worker benefits, dependents' or survivor benefits, disability benefits, or transitionally insured benefits.

Poverty. The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to detect who is poor. If a family's total income is less than that family's threshold, then that family, and every individual in it, is considered poor.

Per capita income. Per capita income is total family income divided by the number of persons in the family.

The ratio of Social Security income to total income. This ratio is defined as Social Security income divided by total income. Units and persons in families with less than $1 of total income or negative earnings or asset income are excluded from these tables.

Income sources

Earnings

Wages and salaries. Wages and salaries is defined as total money earnings received for work performed as an employee during the income year. It includes wages, salary, Armed Forces pay, commissions, tips, piece-rate payments, and cash bonuses earned, before deductions are made for taxes, bonds, pensions, union dues, and so forth. Earnings for self-employed incorporated businesses are considered wage and salary.

Self-employment. Income from self-employment is the combined income from farm and nonfarm self-employment.

Retirement benefits

Social Security. Includes retired-worker benefits, dependents' or survivor benefits, disability benefits, and transitionally insured benefits.

Government employee pensions. Government employee pensions include regular payments from federal government (civil service), military, and state or local governments.

Private pensions and annuities. Private pensions and annuities include regular payments from companies or unions, annuities or paid-up insurance policies, individual retirement accounts (IRAs), Keogh, or 401(k) payments. Nonregular (nonannuitized or lump-sum) withdrawals from IRA, Keogh, and 401(k) plans are not included as income.

Asset income

Interest income. Interest includes payments people receive (or have credited to their accounts) from bonds, treasury notes, IRAs, certificates of deposit, interest-bearing savings and checking accounts, and all other investments that pay interest.

Dividends. Dividends include income people receive from stock holdings and mutual fund shares. The CPS does not include capital gains from the sale of stock holdings as income.

Rents, royalties, and estates and trusts. Include net income people receive from the rental of a house, store, or other property, receipts from boarders or lodgers, net royalty income, and periodic payments from estate or trust funds.

Other income

Unemployment compensation. Includes payments the respondent received from government unemployment agencies or private companies during periods of unemployment and any strike benefits the respondent received from union funds.

Workers' compensation. Includes payments people receive periodically from public or private insurance companies for injuries received at work.

Veterans' payments. Include payments disabled members of the armed forces or survivors of deceased veterans receive periodically from the Department of Veterans Affairs for education and on-the-job training, and means-tested assistance to veterans.

Personal contributions. Include child support, alimony, and financial assistance from friends and relatives.

Public Assistance—Cash benefits

Supplemental Security Income. Supplemental Security Income includes payments made by federal, State, and local welfare agencies to low-income persons who are aged (65 or older), blind, or disabled, and who have limited income and financial resources.

Other Public Assistance. Includes cash public assistance payments low-income people receive, such as Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC, ADC), temporary assistance to needy families (TANF), general assistance, and emergency assistance.

Public Assistance—Noncash Benefits

Noncash benefits. Include food stamps, energy assistance, and housing assistance. Receipt of noncash benefits is only reported in the section on the sources of income received. No dollar values are assigned to the noncash benefits in this publication, and they are not included in total money income. A person or aged unit is indicated as having received a noncash benefit if any person in the household received food, energy, or housing assistance.

Food. In this publication, food noncash benefits are comprised solely of food stamps.

Energy. The Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program provides financial assistance to qualified households to help them pay heating costs.

Housing. There are some programs through which housing assistance is provided to low-income families and individuals living in public or privately owned dwellings. Two of the more common types of programs in which federal, State, and local funds are used to subsidize private sector housing are rent supplement and interest reduction plans.

Notes

1 For more information, consult the Glossary for this report.

Tables

Income Sources of Aged UnitsTable 2.A1 Percentage with income from specified source, by marital status and age, 2006
Source of income Aged 55–61 Aged 62–64 Aged 65 or older
Total 65–69 70–74 75–79 80 or older
All units
Earnings 81.4 64.9 24.6 46.2 28.5 18.5 6.4
Wages and salaries 76.5 60.2 21.6 41.5 25.4 15.1 5.2
Self-employment 12.6 9.9 4.8 8.4 5.0 4.5 1.6
Retirement benefits 24.6 57.1 91.3 85.1 92.4 94.1 94.3
Social Security 12.7 45.7 88.5 81.4 89.9 91.7 91.7
Benefits other than Social Security 15.4 30.4 41.3 37.1 44.5 42.8 41.7
Other public pensions 7.4 12.5 14.2 13.5 14.1 15.0 14.3
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.5 0.6 0.6
Government employee pensions 7.2 12.1 13.7 13.3 13.6 14.4 13.8
Military 1.5 1.9 2.0 1.6 2.4 2.5 1.8
Federal 1.6 2.5 3.7 3.2 3.9 3.5 4.2
State or local 4.4 8.1 8.6 9.1 8.1 9.1 8.2
Private pensions or annuities 8.6 19.2 29.1 25.6 32.6 30.1 28.9
Income from assets 55.8 56.3 54.9 56.2 55.6 55.3 53.1
Interest 52.9 53.4 52.3 53.6 52.8 52.6 50.6
Other income from assets 28.0 28.0 24.5 27.0 25.2 24.6 21.6
Dividends 23.5 23.8 20.2 22.2 20.9 20.5 17.6
Rent or royalties 8.9 8.7 8.0 9.1 8.0 8.4 6.7
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3
Veterans' benefits 3.3 3.1 3.5 2.3 3.2 3.9 4.7
Unemployment compensation 4.2 2.9 0.7 1.3 0.9 0.4 0.1
Workers' compensation 1.5 1.3 0.5 1.1 0.4 0.3 0.1
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 9.3 11.0 10.9 10.0 11.4 10.4 11.7
Cash public assistance 4.5 5.1 3.7 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.5
Supplemental Security Income 4.0 5.0 3.6 3.8 3.5 3.6 3.3
Other 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.2
Noncash benefits 6.9 8.4 9.2 8.2 9.4 8.9 10.0
Food 4.8 5.3 4.1 4.7 4.3 4.1 3.6
Energy 1.8 1.9 2.6 2.2 3.0 2.5 2.7
Housing 2.6 4.0 4.9 4.0 4.8 5.1 5.7
Personal contributions 1.9 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.5 0.9
Number (thousands) 17,291 5,433 27,421 7,493 5,979 5,778 8,171
Married couples
Earnings 91.3 76.8 38.0 58.0 38.6 27.9 13.4
Wages and salaries 86.7 71.3 33.4 52.6 34.0 22.7 10.8
Self-employment 16.6 13.8 8.3 11.8 7.9 7.6 3.6
Retirement benefits 26.5 59.4 92.2 87.0 94.2 94.6 96.0
Social Security 12.8 45.5 89.3 83.1 91.6 92.6 94.0
Benefits other than Social Security 18.0 38.4 49.7 43.5 54.1 50.7 54.1
Other public pensions 8.7 16.0 16.8 15.7 17.1 16.7 18.5
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.7 0.6 0.2 0.7 0.7 0.9
Government employee pensions 8.5 15.5 16.3 15.5 16.5 16.0 17.8
Military 1.9 2.7 2.4 2.2 2.7 2.9 2.1
Federal 1.8 3.2 4.0 3.7 4.9 2.9 4.7
State or local 5.1 10.2 10.7 10.4 10.0 11.2 11.6
Private pensions or annuities 9.9 24.1 36.3 31.1 40.3 37.7 39.1
Income from assets 65.9 66.4 65.7 66.9 66.8 65.1 63.1
Interest 62.9 63.1 62.8 63.8 63.9 61.7 60.7
Other income from assets 35.5 36.8 32.8 34.1 32.9 32.5 30.6
Dividends 30.0 31.6 27.6 28.5 28.0 27.0 26.1
Rent or royalties 11.4 11.6 10.9 11.4 10.3 12.2 9.4
Estates or trusts 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.3
Veterans' benefits 4.1 3.7 4.7 2.7 4.1 5.4 8.1
Unemployment compensation 5.1 3.8 1.0 1.6 1.2 0.8 0.1
Workers' compensation 1.9 1.5 0.6 1.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 4.1 4.4 4.9 4.5 5.4 4.1 5.7
Cash public assistance 2.3 2.8 2.2 2.1 2.8 1.7 2.2
Supplemental Security Income 2.1 2.7 2.1 1.9 2.4 1.7 2.2
Other 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.1
Noncash benefits 2.5 2.2 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.1 4.3
Food 1.7 1.6 1.6 2.0 1.5 1.8 1.0
Energy 0.7 0.7 1.3 1.2 1.2 0.8 2.1
Housing 0.5 0.5 1.2 1.2 1.0 1.3 1.6
Personal contributions 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.4 0 0.8
Number (thousands) 9,612 2,855 11,298 3,875 2,778 2,442 2,204
Nonmarried persons
Earnings 69.1 51.7 15.3 33.5 19.8 11.6 3.8
Wages and salaries 63.8 47.9 13.4 29.5 18.0 9.6 3.2
Self-employment 7.7 5.5 2.3 4.6 2.4 2.3 0.8
Retirement benefits 22.3 54.5 90.8 83.1 90.9 93.7 93.7
Social Security 12.6 45.9 87.9 79.7 88.4 91.1 90.9
Benefits other than Social Security 12.2 21.6 35.4 30.2 36.2 37.0 37.1
Other public pensions 5.8 8.6 12.4 11.3 11.4 13.7 12.8
Railroad Retirement 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5
Government employee pensions 5.7 8.3 11.9 11.0 11.1 13.2 12.3
Military 0.8 1.0 1.8 1.1 2.1 2.3 1.7
Federal 1.3 1.8 3.5 2.6 3.0 3.9 4.1
State or local 3.5 5.8 7.2 7.6 6.6 7.5 7.0
Private pensions or annuities 6.8 13.7 24.0 19.8 25.9 24.6 25.1
Income from assets 43.1 45.1 47.4 44.7 45.8 48.1 49.4
Interest 40.2 42.8 45.0 42.7 43.2 46.0 46.9
Other income from assets 18.6 18.3 18.7 19.4 18.6 18.9 18.2
Dividends 15.4 15.3 15.0 15.5 14.7 15.7 14.4
Rent or royalties 5.8 5.6 5.9 6.5 5.9 5.6 5.7
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.3
Veterans' benefits 2.4 2.3 2.7 1.8 2.4 2.8 3.5
Unemployment compensation 3.2 1.9 0.4 1.0 0.6 0.2 0.1
Workers' compensation 0.9 1.1 0.5 1.0 0.4 0.5 0.1
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 15.7 18.3 15.1 15.9 16.5 15.0 13.9
Cash public assistance 7.1 7.7 4.8 6.1 4.7 5.0 4.0
Supplemental Security Income 6.4 7.5 4.6 5.8 4.5 4.9 3.8
Other 1.0 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.2
Noncash benefits 12.4 15.3 13.1 13.4 14.7 13.2 12.1
Food 8.5 9.5 5.9 7.6 6.7 5.7 4.5
Energy 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.2 4.6 3.7 2.9
Housing 5.2 7.9 7.5 7.1 8.1 7.9 7.3
Personal contributions 3.3 1.4 1.1 1.3 1.1 0.9 1.0
Number (thousands) 7,679 2,578 16,122 3,617 3,202 3,336 5,967
 
Income Sources of Aged UnitsTable 2.A2 Percentage with income from specified source, by Social Security beneficiary status, marital status, and age, 2006
Source of income All units Married couples Nonmarried persons
55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older
Beneficiary units
Earnings 42.3 45.5 22.4 64.5 61.2 35.3 14.0 28.4 13.2
Wages and salaries 38.8 41.0 19.4 59.4 55.4 30.6 12.7 25.1 11.4
Self-employment 5.5 7.5 4.5 8.6 10.4 7.9 1.6 4.4 2.1
Retirement benefits 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Social Security 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Benefits other than Social Security 27.6 41.6 43.4 33.5 53.7 52.5 20.0 28.2 37.0
Other public pensions 10.7 16.0 14.1 13.5 21.5 17.1 7.2 10.0 12.0
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.3 0 0 0.2
Government employee pensions 10.6 15.9 13.9 13.2 21.4 16.8 7.2 10.0 11.8
Military 1.3 2.6 2.2 2.2 3.7 2.6 0.1 1.5 1.8
Federal 2.8 3.2 3.3 2.9 4.6 3.7 2.8 1.8 3.0
State or local 6.6 10.8 9.0 8.4 14.2 11.3 4.4 7.2 7.4
Private pensions or annuities 18.2 27.7 31.4 22.0 35.5 39.1 13.5 19.2 26.0
Income from assets 39.9 53.8 56.9 52.3 64.4 67.2 24.2 42.3 49.6
Interest 37.7 50.5 54.2 49.6 60.4 64.1 22.5 39.7 47.1
Other income from assets 17.1 25.6 25.4 23.9 34.9 33.6 8.4 15.4 19.5
Dividends 14.1 21.2 21.0 19.9 29.4 28.4 6.8 12.1 15.8
Rent or royalties 4.8 7.8 8.1 6.5 11.1 10.9 2.5 4.2 6.2
Estates or trusts 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.2 0 0.3 0.3
Veterans' benefits 7.4 4.8 3.8 10.1 6.2 5.0 3.9 3.3 2.9
Unemployment compensation 2.5 2.6 0.6 2.8 3.4 1.0 2.1 1.7 0.4
Workers' compensation 3.4 1.6 0.5 4.5 1.8 0.6 2.1 1.4 0.4
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 20.1 13.4 10.1 9.3 4.9 4.4 33.8 22.7 14.2
Cash public assistance 7.2 3.9 2.6 3.6 2.3 1.5 11.8 5.7 3.3
Supplemental Security Income 6.4 3.7 2.4 3.1 2.2 1.4 10.5 5.3 3.2
Other 1.0 0.3 0.2 0.5 0.1 0.2 1.7 0.4 0.2
Noncash benefits 17.1 11.5 8.9 7.3 3.2 3.3 29.6 20.6 12.9
Food 11.6 7.2 3.8 4.7 2.1 1.5 20.3 12.8 5.5
Energy 4.7 2.8 2.7 2.8 0.8 1.3 7.3 4.9 3.6
Housing 6.7 5.4 4.8 0.9 0.7 1.2 14.1 10.6 7.4
Personal contributions 1.6 0.9 0.7 1.1 0.5 0.3 2.3 1.3 1.0
Number (thousands) 2,200 2,483 24,270 1,230 1,298 10,094 969 1,184 14,176
Nonbeneficiary units
Earnings 87.1 81.1 42.1 95.2 89.8 60.9 77.1 71.5 30.4
Wages and salaries 82.0 76.4 38.9 90.7 84.6 57.1 71.2 67.2 27.7
Self-employment 13.7 11.9 6.9 17.8 16.8 12.0 8.5 6.4 3.7
Retirement benefits 13.6 21.0 24.6 15.7 25.6 26.4 11.1 15.9 23.5
Social Security 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Benefits other than Social Security 13.6 21.0 24.6 15.7 25.6 26.4 11.1 15.9 23.5
Other public pensions 6.9 9.6 15.1 8.0 11.5 14.7 5.6 7.5 15.4
Railroad Retirement 0.2 1.0 2.5 0.2 1.2 2.4 0.1 0.8 2.6
Government employee pensions 6.7 8.8 12.8 7.8 10.6 12.6 5.5 6.9 12.9
Military 1.5 1.3 1.0 1.9 1.9 0.8 1.0 0.6 1.1
Federal 1.4 1.9 6.6 1.6 2.1 6.4 1.1 1.8 6.8
State or local 4.1 5.8 5.6 4.6 6.9 5.9 3.4 4.6 5.5
Private pensions or annuities 7.1 12.0 10.6 8.2 14.7 13.0 5.8 9.0 9.2
Income from assets 58.1 58.4 39.7 67.9 68.0 53.1 45.8 47.6 31.4
Interest 55.1 55.9 38.0 64.9 65.3 51.4 42.8 45.4 29.7
Other income from assets 29.6 30.1 17.5 37.2 38.5 25.5 20.1 20.7 12.5
Dividends 24.9 26.1 13.7 31.5 33.4 20.9 16.7 17.9 9.3
Rent or royalties 9.5 9.5 6.7 12.1 12.0 11.1 6.2 6.8 4.0
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.3 0 0.6
Veterans' benefits 2.7 1.6 1.5 3.2 1.7 1.6 2.1 1.4 1.5
Unemployment compensation 4.5 3.1 1.2 5.4 4.0 1.8 3.3 2.0 0.8
Workers' compensation 1.2 1.1 0.7 1.5 1.3 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.7
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 7.7 9.0 17.1 3.4 4.0 9.4 13.0 14.6 21.8
Cash public assistance 4.1 6.2 12.4 2.1 3.2 7.7 6.5 9.5 15.4
Supplemental Security Income 3.6 6.1 12.2 1.9 3.1 7.6 5.8 9.4 15.1
Other 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.9 0.3 0.3
Noncash benefits 5.4 5.8 10.8 1.7 1.4 4.4 9.9 10.7 14.7
Food 3.8 3.7 6.5 1.3 1.1 2.6 6.8 6.6 8.9
Energy 1.3 1.2 2.0 0.4 0.6 1.1 2.5 1.9 2.5
Housing 2.0 2.8 6.0 0.4 0.3 1.9 3.9 5.7 8.5
Personal contributions 1.9 1.2 1.6 0.7 1.0 1.2 3.4 1.5 1.9
Number (thousands) 15,092 2,950 3,151 8,382 1,556 1,204 6,710 1,394 1,947
 
Income Sources of Aged UnitsTable 2.A3 Percentage with income from specified source, by marital status, race, Hispanic origin, and age, 2006
Source of income White alone Black alone Asian alone Hispanic origin
55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older
All units
Earnings 83.1 67.0 25.2 69.0 50.1 20.1 85.5 68.7 23.5 75.9 55.3 22.5
Wages and salaries 77.9 62.4 22.0 65.8 47.9 18.3 78.4 57.0 22.8 69.2 50.4 20.3
Self-employment 13.6 10.5 5.2 5.9 3.7 2.2 14.1 17.2 2.0 10.2 5.9 3.1
Retirement benefits 24.7 57.3 92.6 27.2 61.4 86.3 12.6 37.5 72.2 16.1 45.4 76.6
Social Security 12.4 45.3 90.0 16.8 51.9 82.1 6.8 32.0 68.2 10.8 41.2 74.5
Benefits other than Social Security 15.9 31.7 43.3 14.1 25.0 29.6 7.4 19.3 22.8 7.0 14.9 18.2
Other public pensions 7.7 13.1 14.5 6.6 10.6 12.6 2.3 5.3 9.6 3.6 6.8 6.1
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.7 0.5 0 0 0.3 0 0 0 0.1 0.1 0.1
Government employee pensions 7.5 12.6 14.0 6.6 10.6 12.3 2.3 5.3 9.6 3.5 6.8 6.1
Military 1.6 2.0 2.2 1.1 1.7 1.1 0.2 0 1.5 0.5 1.3 0.6
Federal 1.5 2.3 3.6 2.3 4.3 4.5 0.7 1.8 4.0 0.7 1.2 2.1
State or local 4.6 8.7 8.9 3.3 5.2 7.4 1.4 3.6 4.4 2.3 4.5 3.7
Private pensions or annuities 8.8 19.9 30.9 8.1 15.6 18.4 5.1 15.3 14.3 3.6 9.2 12.9
Income from assets 59.8 60.9 58.9 29.8 25.9 25.6 52.4 53.3 40.2 26.5 25.0 22.6
Interest 56.7 57.9 56.3 28.7 24.1 23.7 49.1 49.4 37.2 23.5 23.8 21.0
Other income from assets 31.0 31.0 26.6 9.1 8.5 7.8 24.3 24.5 19.5 10.3 7.2 7.3
Dividends 26.2 26.6 22.2 6.9 6.0 4.9 20.2 21.7 15.3 6.0 4.6 4.6
Rent or royalties 9.8 9.4 8.4 3.5 4.2 4.0 7.1 7.8 6.9 5.3 3.2 3.5
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.3 0.3 0 0 0.1 0 0 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.1
Veterans' benefits 3.2 3.4 3.7 4.1 1.5 2.9 0.9 0.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4
Unemployment compensation 4.4 3.1 0.7 3.8 1.7 0.7 2.6 1.0 0.5 2.9 2.8 1.0
Workers' compensation 1.4 1.4 0.5 1.3 0.6 0.6 2.2 1.1 0.2 1.8 2.3 0.4
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 7.5 8.7 8.9 21.1 26.1 25.3 6.7 10.6 17.3 16.6 16.7 21.7
Cash public assistance 3.8 4.1 2.7 8.7 11.7 10.1 3.4 4.8 11.0 8.7 10.6 10.4
Supplemental Security Income 3.4 4.0 2.6 8.0 11.0 9.3 3.1 4.8 10.7 7.6 10.6 10.1
Other 0.5 0.2 0.1 1.2 0.9 1.0 0.3 0 0.3 1.3 0 0.3
Noncash benefits 5.3 6.4 7.6 17.1 22.7 21.5 5.2 6.8 10.5 12.7 10.8 17.2
Food 3.5 4.2 3.2 12.6 12.5 12.0 4.3 5.0 4.4 9.4 7.2 10.2
Energy 1.6 1.6 2.3 3.1 3.5 4.4 1.0 1.9 2.0 2.3 2.3 2.9
Housing 1.9 2.7 4.1 6.9 14.7 11.7 2.5 1.1 7.1 5.6 5.3 7.8
Personal contributions 1.8 1.1 0.8 2.7 1.0 0.6 1.2 0.2 1.6 1.9 1.2 1.8
Number (thousands) 14,323 4,546 23,536 1,996 608 2,624 634 183 863 1,551 456 1,902
Married couples
Earnings 91.8 76.9 38.0 84.7 74.9 39.8 91.6 81.5 33.8 90.9 66.7 39.3
Wages and salaries 87.2 71.9 33.2 82.2 70.7 36.5 83.8 67.6 32.4 82.6 61.2 35.4
Self-employment 17.3 13.9 8.8 9.3 7.6 4.7 18.1 22.2 4.1 14.6 7.8 6.0
Retirement benefits 26.5 59.9 93.1 33.1 64.2 89.6 10.6 37.9 74.9 16.6 49.0 78.8
Social Security 12.5 45.5 90.5 19.4 51.3 83.7 5.9 29.9 70.3 11.0 42.6 76.9
Benefits other than Social Security 18.3 39.4 51.4 19.1 34.6 39.8 6.6 21.5 28.0 8.1 19.0 23.7
Other public pensions 9.0 16.3 16.8 8.3 18.8 19.4 1.3 6.1 10.3 4.5 10.5 8.4
Railroad Retirement 0.3 0.8 0.6 0 0 0.2 0 0 0 0.2 0.1 0
Government employee pensions 8.8 15.6 16.3 8.3 18.8 19.2 1.3 6.1 10.3 4.3 10.3 8.4
Military 2.1 2.7 2.6 1.4 4.6 1.9 0 0 0.1 0.7 2.3 0.8
Federal 1.7 3.0 3.7 2.7 6.6 7.6 0.4 0.6 4.5 1.0 1.5 3.8
State or local 5.3 10.5 10.8 4.4 8.5 11.9 0.9 5.5 6.0 2.5 7.1 4.7
Private pensions or annuities 10.1 24.9 38.1 11.3 18.4 23.5 5.3 17.4 19.0 3.7 11.1 16.9
Income from assets 68.6 68.7 68.5 42.1 41.3 37.4 56.0 65.2 50.3 34.8 28.9 33.7
Interest 65.5 65.4 65.6 41.3 38.6 34.5 52.1 59.4 46.8 31.3 27.4 31.2
Other income from assets 37.9 38.7 34.4 13.2 18.6 14.0 27.1 32.0 26.8 13.8 9.5 12.8
Dividends 32.3 33.2 29.3 9.3 14.9 8.9 22.6 28.2 20.5 7.2 5.7 8.2
Rent or royalties 12.1 12.0 11.2 5.7 8.6 7.4 6.4 10.1 10.4 7.6 3.8 6.3
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.4 0.2 0 0 0.1 0 0 0 0.1 0.7 0
Veterans' benefits 4.0 4.0 4.9 5.5 2.3 4.0 0.6 0 1.4 2.0 1.3 2.2
Unemployment compensation 5.1 3.9 1.0 5.8 3.3 2.0 3.1 1.5 1.0 2.9 4.2 2.0
Workers' compensation 1.8 1.6 0.6 2.1 1.0 1.0 2.4 0 0.4 2.0 5.2 0.4
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 3.5 4.0 4.0 9.0 9.2 11.4 5.6 5.1 13.2 9.7 10.9 16.0
Cash public assistance 2.0 2.8 1.8 4.8 2.5 3.7 2.6 3.4 9.2 5.1 6.8 8.3
Supplemental Security Income 1.9 2.7 1.7 4.2 2.2 2.8 2.2 3.4 8.8 4.4 6.8 8.3
Other 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.3 1.2 0.4 0 0.4 0.8 0 0
Noncash benefits 1.9 1.8 2.9 6.0 7.7 8.9 4.2 1.9 7.2 6.5 5.3 11.4
Food 1.4 1.3 1.3 3.4 4.4 5.1 2.8 1.9 3.4 5.0 4.2 7.3
Energy 0.7 0.7 1.1 0.7 0.5 1.8 1.1 0.3 2.3 1.0 0.6 2.5
Housing 0.2 0.2 0.9 2.5 3.6 3.5 1.9 0 4.2 1.4 1.9 4.6
Personal contributions 0.7 0.8 0.4 1.4 0 0.2 0.7 0 0 0.7 0.7 1.3
Number (thousands) 8,344 2,491 10,019 683 212 705 421 116 417 738 194 690
Nonmarried persons
Earnings 70.9 55.1 15.8 60.8 36.9 12.9 73.4 a 13.9 62.4 46.8 13.0
Wages and salaries 65.1 50.9 13.6 57.3 35.6 11.6 67.6 a 13.8 57.1 42.3 11.7
Self-employment 8.5 6.2 2.5 4.2 1.6 1.3 6.2 a 0.1 6.3 4.4 1.4
Retirement benefits 22.2 54.1 92.3 24.1 59.9 85.1 16.4 a 69.7 15.7 42.8 75.3
Social Security 12.2 45.0 89.6 15.5 52.3 81.5 8.6 a 66.3 10.7 40.2 73.1
Benefits other than Social Security 12.5 22.4 37.4 11.5 19.8 25.9 8.9 a 17.9 6.1 11.9 15.0
Other public pensions 5.8 9.4 12.8 5.8 6.2 10.1 4.2 a 8.9 2.7 4.1 4.8
Railroad Retirement 0.1 0.5 0.5 0 0 0.3 0 a 0 0 0 0.2
Government employee pensions 5.7 8.9 12.4 5.8 6.2 9.7 4.2 a 8.9 2.7 4.1 4.7
Military 0.9 1.2 1.8 0.9 0.1 0.8 0.6 a 2.8 0.3 0.6 0.5
Federal 1.1 1.5 3.5 2.2 3.1 3.3 1.3 a 3.4 0.4 1.0 1.1
State or local 3.7 6.5 7.5 2.8 3.4 5.7 2.4 a 2.9 2.0 2.5 3.2
Private pensions or annuities 7.0 13.9 25.5 6.5 14.1 16.5 4.6 a 9.8 3.5 7.8 10.6
Income from assets 47.6 51.4 51.8 23.4 17.7 21.2 45.3 a 30.6 19.0 22.1 16.3
Interest 44.4 48.8 49.4 22.1 16.3 19.7 43.2 a 28.3 16.4 21.1 15.2
Other income from assets 21.3 21.7 20.8 6.9 3.1 5.6 18.7 a 12.7 7.1 5.6 4.2
Dividends 17.7 18.5 16.9 5.7 1.3 3.4 15.5 a 10.3 4.8 3.7 2.5
Rent or royalties 6.5 6.3 6.4 2.4 1.8 2.8 8.4 a 3.6 3.1 2.7 2.0
Estates or trusts 0.4 0.2 0.4 0 0 0.1 0 a 0.5 0.1 0 0.2
Veterans' benefits 2.1 2.6 2.8 3.4 1.0 2.5 1.4 a 1.3 0.7 1.3 0.9
Unemployment compensation 3.2 2.2 0.5 2.7 0.8 0.2 1.5 a 0.1 2.9 1.8 0.4
Workers' compensation 0.9 1.2 0.5 0.9 0.4 0.4 1.9 a 0 1.6 0.2 0.4
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 13.0 14.5 12.6 27.4 35.1 30.4 8.9 a 21.2 22.9 20.9 25.0
Cash public assistance 6.2 5.7 3.4 10.8 16.6 12.4 4.9 a 12.6 11.9 13.5 11.6
Supplemental Security Income 5.5 5.6 3.3 9.9 15.8 11.7 4.8 a 12.4 10.5 13.5 11.1
Other 0.9 0.2 0.1 1.6 1.2 1.0 0.2 a 0.2 1.7 0 0.4
Noncash benefits 10.0 12.1 11.2 22.9 30.7 26.1 7.3 a 13.5 18.3 14.9 20.4
Food 6.5 7.8 4.6 17.3 16.9 14.5 7.2 a 5.3 13.4 9.4 11.9
Energy 2.9 2.7 3.2 4.3 5.1 5.4 0.7 a 1.8 3.5 3.6 3.1
Housing 4.2 5.6 6.4 9.3 20.6 14.8 3.6 a 9.9 9.3 7.8 9.7
Personal contributions 3.3 1.4 1.0 3.4 1.6 0.7 2.3 a 3.0 3.0 1.5 2.1
Number (thousands) 5,978 2,055 13,518 1,313 396 1,919 213 66 446 813 262 1,212
a. Fewer than 75,000 weighted cases.
Income Sources of Aged UnitsTable 2.A4 Percentage with income from specified source, by Social Security beneficiary status, race, Hispanic origin, and age, 2006
Source of income White alone Black alone Asian alone Hispanic origin
55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older
Beneficiary units
Earnings 44.9 46.7 22.9 28.0 36.6 17.7 a a 20.7 39.1 32.9 18.2
Wages and salaries 41.0 42.2 19.7 26.5 33.8 15.9 a a 19.7 33.8 27.3 16.5
Self-employment 6.3 7.8 4.9 2.1 3.6 2.2 a a 1.7 8.3 5.7 2.4
Retirement benefits 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 a a 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Social Security 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 a a 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Benefits other than Social Security 28.8 43.6 45.2 22.0 29.9 31.0 a a 27.5 16.1 26.0 21.6
Other public pensions 11.1 16.7 14.3 10.4 13.8 12.2 a a 10.9 8.5 10.1 7.0
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.1 0.3 0 0 0.1 a a 0 1.0 0 0
Government employee pensions 10.9 16.6 14.1 10.4 13.8 12.1 a a 10.9 7.4 10.1 7.0
Military 1.6 2.7 2.3 0 2.7 1.3 a a 1.9 0 1.4 0.5
Federal 2.7 2.8 3.2 3.8 5.9 3.9 a a 3.9 1.0 1.8 2.4
State or local 6.7 11.8 9.3 6.6 6.0 7.5 a a 5.5 6.4 7.4 4.6
Private pensions or annuities 19.2 29.1 33.0 12.9 18.3 20.2 a a 18.1 7.7 16.7 15.5
Income from assets 43.9 58.5 60.5 21.5 23.9 25.5 a a 49.1 22.2 30.3 26.8
Interest 41.3 54.9 57.7 21.4 22.4 23.6 a a 45.7 18.5 27.7 24.7
Other income from assets 20.1 28.9 27.3 2.4 5.6 8.1 a a 23.6 7.2 11.3 8.7
Dividends 16.6 24.1 22.9 1.9 3.6 5.1 a a 18.2 2.1 5.7 5.2
Rent or royalties 5.6 8.5 8.5 1.3 3.5 4.1 a a 8.5 6.0 6.0 4.4
Estates or trusts 0.1 0.3 0.3 0 0 0.1 a a 0.3 0 0.8 0.2
Veterans' benefits 7.4 5.3 3.9 6.3 2.4 3.0 a a 1.2 5.5 3.2 1.6
Unemployment compensation 2.8 2.8 0.6 0.8 2.7 0.7 a a 0.1 1.5 3.3 0.9
Workers' compensation 3.6 1.7 0.5 0.9 1.0 0.6 a a 0.3 0.9 2.2 0.3
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 15.7 10.7 8.4 38.7 28.4 25.2 a a 13.7 33.1 19.6 20.7
Cash public assistance 5.8 3.6 1.9 10.5 6.7 8.2 a a 5.9 17.0 9.0 8.0
Supplemental Security Income 5.2 3.4 1.8 9.3 6.1 7.4 a a 5.9 16.4 9.0 7.6
Other 0.7 0.2 0.1 1.7 0.6 1.1 a a 0.1 1.0 0 0.4
Noncash benefits 12.9 8.8 7.4 35.2 26.8 22.4 a a 10.7 26.5 14.7 17.5
Food 7.9 5.5 2.9 27.3 15.6 12.3 a a 3.6 22.2 11.6 9.6
Energy 4.5 2.6 2.4 6.9 2.4 4.7 a a 2.9 4.6 1.8 3.4
Housing 5.1 3.7 4.0 13.1 16.4 12.1 a a 7.7 14.7 5.7 7.9
Personal contributions 1.7 1.0 0.7 1.5 0.3 0.5 a a 1.0 1.9 2.8 2.0
Number (thousands) 1,769 2,058 21,176 336 316 2,154 43 59 589 168 188 1,417
Nonbeneficiary units
Earnings 88.4 83.8 46.0 77.3 64.7 31.4 88.9 77.0 29.5 80.4 70.9 35.2
Wages and salaries 83.2 79.1 42.4 73.8 63.1 29.2 81.6 66.1 29.4 73.5 66.6 31.3
Self-employment 14.7 12.6 8.2 6.7 3.8 2.5 14.7 17.3 2.6 10.5 6.0 5.2
Retirement benefits 14.1 22.0 26.4 12.5 19.6 23.6 6.2 8.0 12.7 5.9 7.1 8.2
Social Security 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Benefits other than Social Security 14.1 22.0 26.4 12.5 19.6 23.6 6.2 8.0 12.7 5.9 7.1 8.2
Other public pensions 7.2 10.2 16.4 5.9 7.1 14.3 2.5 4.0 6.8 3.0 4.5 3.4
Railroad Retirement 0.2 1.2 3.0 0 0 1.1 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.3
Government employee pensions 7.0 9.3 13.4 5.9 7.1 13.2 2.5 4.0 6.8 3.0 4.4 3.4
Military 1.6 1.4 1.1 1.3 0.5 0.4 0.2 0 0.8 0.6 1.3 0.9
Federal 1.3 1.9 6.9 2.1 2.5 7.1 0.7 0.8 4.0 0.6 0.8 1.4
State or local 4.3 6.1 5.7 2.6 4.3 7.0 1.5 3.5 2.0 1.7 2.4 1.1
Private pensions or annuities 7.3 12.3 11.4 7.2 12.7 10.3 3.7 4.0 5.9 3.1 4.0 5.1
Income from assets 62.1 62.8 45.0 31.4 28.1 25.9 53.3 54.2 21.0 27.0 21.3 10.4
Interest 58.9 60.4 43.3 30.2 25.8 24.2 50.1 49.3 19.0 24.1 21.1 10.1
Other income from assets 32.5 32.8 20.7 10.4 11.5 6.5 24.7 25.8 10.7 10.6 4.4 3.4
Dividends 27.5 28.6 16.4 8.0 8.7 3.7 20.4 22.3 8.9 6.4 3.8 2.8
Rent or royalties 10.4 10.2 7.7 3.9 4.9 3.9 7.5 9.5 3.6 5.2 1.2 1.0
Estates or trusts 0.4 0.2 0.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 0 0
Veterans' benefits 2.6 1.8 1.3 3.7 0.5 2.6 0.5 0.3 1.6 0.8 0 0.8
Unemployment compensation 4.6 3.5 1.3 4.4 0.6 0.8 2.4 1.4 1.4 3.1 2.5 1.2
Workers' compensation 1.1 1.2 0.9 1.3 0.2 0.4 1.3 0.3 0 1.9 2.3 0.6
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 6.3 7.0 14.0 17.6 23.6 26.0 4.6 7.3 25.1 14.6 14.6 24.5
Cash public assistance 3.5 4.6 9.8 8.4 17.1 18.6 1.8 5.5 21.8 7.7 11.8 17.5
Supplemental Security Income 3.1 4.6 9.7 7.7 16.3 18.2 1.5 5.5 21.0 6.5 11.8 17.4
Other 0.4 0.1 0.1 1.1 1.2 0.7 0.3 0 0.8 1.3 0 0.1
Noncash benefits 4.2 4.5 9.4 13.5 18.3 17.2 3.1 3.4 9.9 11.0 8.1 16.3
Food 2.9 3.2 5.6 9.6 9.2 10.8 2.4 2.1 6.1 7.9 4.1 11.8
Energy 1.2 0.8 1.8 2.3 4.7 3.3 0.7 1.5 0.3 2.1 2.7 1.2
Housing 1.4 1.8 5.1 5.7 12.8 10.2 1.4 0.3 5.9 4.4 5.0 7.6
Personal contributions 1.8 1.1 1.7 2.9 1.9 0.6 1.3 0.3 2.7 1.9 0 1.2
Number (thousands) 12,553 2,488 2,360 1,660 292 470 591 124 274 1,383 268 485
a. Fewer than 75,000 weighted cases.
Income Sources of Aged UnitsTable 2.A5 Percentage distribution of units with number and type of retirement benefits, by marital status, age, and receipt of earnings and income from assets, 2006
Retirement benefits Aged 55–61 Aged 62–64 Aged 65 or older
Total Earnings Income from assets Total Earnings Income from assets Total Earnings Income from assets
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
All units
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
No benefit 75.4 82.4 44.5 75.4 75.3 42.9 54.7 21.1 41.6 44.6 8.7 16.7 6.0 5.0 13.1
One benefit type 20.8 15.4 44.2 20.0 21.8 37.7 32.1 48.1 34.2 42.2 52.7 50.5 53.5 45.8 61.3
Social Security only 9.2 4.7 29.1 5.0 14.5 26.7 19.2 40.5 19.9 35.5 50.1 47.7 50.8 42.7 59.0
Private pension or annuity only 5.9 5.4 7.8 7.6 3.6 6.2 7.2 4.4 7.4 4.6 1.1 1.3 1.0 1.2 0.9
Government employee pension only 5.5 5.2 7.1 7.2 3.5 4.4 5.4 2.5 6.2 2.0 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.7 1.0
Railroad Retirement only 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.7 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.3
Two benefit types 3.7 2.1 10.7 4.4 2.9 18.4 12.8 28.8 22.8 12.7 36.7 31.2 38.5 46.4 24.8
Social Security and federal pension only 0.3 0.1 1.2 0.4 0.2 1.1 0.4 2.4 1.1 1.1 2.3 1.5 2.6 3.1 1.4
Social Security and Railroad Retirement, state, local, or military pension only 0.9 0.5 2.5 1.0 0.7 4.9 3.9 6.7 6.9 2.3 8.0 7.6 8.1 10.2 5.2
Social Security and private pension only 2.1 1.2 6.3 2.4 1.9 11.7 7.8 18.8 13.9 8.8 26.0 21.5 27.4 32.4 18.1
Other combination 0.4 0.3 0.8 0.6 0.2 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.7 0.2
Three or more benefit types 0.2 0.1 0.6 0.3 0.1 1.0 0.5 2.0 1.4 0.5 1.9 1.6 2.0 2.8 0.8
Number (thousands) 17,291 14,078 3,213 9,643 7,648 5,433 3,524 1,909 3,059 2,374 27,421 6,757 20,664 15,066 12,355
Married couples
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
No benefit 73.5 77.8 28.5 73.5 73.6 40.6 48.0 15.9 38.8 44.0 7.8 14.1 4.0 5.4 12.5
One benefit type 21.7 19.1 48.7 21.4 22.4 34.5 34.7 34.0 32.4 38.7 45.1 47.7 43.5 40.4 54.2
Social Security only 8.5 6.4 30.8 5.6 14.1 21.1 19.3 26.9 15.8 31.4 42.4 44.9 40.9 37.4 52.2
Private pension or annuity only 6.7 6.3 10.9 8.1 3.9 7.7 8.4 5.0 8.9 5.1 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.2
Government employee pension only 6.4 6.3 6.6 7.5 4.2 5.3 6.6 0.9 6.9 2.1 1.2 1.4 1.1 1.5 0.6
Railroad Retirement only 0.2 0.1 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.3 1.2 0.7 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.2
Two benefit types 4.5 2.9 21.4 4.7 4.0 23.4 16.5 46.2 27.0 16.3 43.7 35.9 48.5 50.0 31.6
Social Security and federal pension only 0.3 0.1 2.3 0.4 0.1 1.5 0.5 5.0 1.4 1.9 2.3 1.8 2.7 2.9 1.2
Social Security and Railroad Retirement, state, local, or military pension only 1.1 0.7 5.5 1.1 1.2 6.3 5.2 10.0 7.9 3.2 9.1 8.2 9.7 10.6 6.3
Social Security and private pension only 2.6 1.7 12.0 2.6 2.5 14.7 10.2 29.4 16.6 10.8 31.7 25.4 35.5 35.8 23.7
Other combination 0.5 0.4 1.6 0.7 0.1 0.9 0.6 1.8 1.1 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.3
Three or more benefit types 0.3 0.1 1.4 0.4 0 1.5 0.8 3.8 1.7 1.0 3.3 2.3 4.0 4.2 1.7
Number (thousands) 9,612 8,771 841 6,336 3,276 2,855 2,192 663 1,895 960 11,298 4,294 7,004 7,427 3,872
Nonmarried persons
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
No benefit 77.7 90.0 50.2 79.1 76.6 45.5 65.6 23.9 46.0 45.0 9.2 21.4 7.1 4.6 13.4
One benefit type 19.5 9.2 42.6 17.2 21.3 41.2 27.7 55.6 37.0 44.6 58.1 55.2 58.6 51.0 64.5
Social Security only 10.1 1.9 28.5 3.8 14.9 33.0 19.1 47.8 26.5 38.3 55.4 52.6 55.9 47.9 62.2
Private pension or annuity only 4.8 4.0 6.7 6.8 3.4 4.6 5.1 4.0 5.0 4.2 1.0 1.3 0.9 1.2 0.8
Government employee pension only 4.5 3.3 7.3 6.6 2.9 3.3 3.3 3.4 5.1 1.9 1.5 1.3 1.5 1.8 1.1
Railroad Retirement only 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.2 0 0.3 0.1 0.4
Two benefit types 2.7 0.8 7.0 3.6 2.0 12.9 6.7 19.5 16.0 10.3 31.8 23.1 33.4 43.0 21.8
Social Security and federal pension only 0.3 0.1 0.8 0.5 0.2 0.6 0.2 1.0 0.6 0.6 2.3 1.1 2.5 3.2 1.5
Social Security and Railroad Retirement, state, local, or military pension only 0.5 0.1 1.4 0.8 0.3 3.3 1.8 5.0 5.4 1.7 7.1 6.7 7.2 9.9 4.6
Social Security and private pension only 1.6 0.5 4.2 2.0 1.4 8.4 3.9 13.2 9.6 7.4 22.0 14.8 23.3 29.2 15.5
Other combination 0.3 0.1 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.6 0.8 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.7 0.1
Three or more benefit types 0.1 0 0.3 0 0.1 0.5 0 1.0 0.9 0.1 0.8 0.3 0.9 1.4 0.4
Number (thousands) 7,679 5,307 2,372 3,307 4,372 2,578 1,332 1,246 1,164 1,415 16,122 2,463 13,659 7,639 8,483
 
Income Sources of Units 65 or OlderTable 2.A6 Percentage with income from specified source, by marital status and quintile of total money income, 2006
Source of income All units Married couples Nonmarried persons
First Second Third Fourth Fifth First Second Third Fourth Fifth First Second Third Fourth Fifth
Earnings 4.0 7.4 17.7 35.6 58.5 11.0 19.8 36.1 51.9 71.2 3.0 3.8 8.6 20.4 40.4
Wages and salaries 2.9 6.4 15.2 31.5 52.0 9.4 16.3 31.5 47.1 62.8 1.8 3.0 7.5 18.1 36.1
Self-employment 1.2 1.0 2.9 5.5 13.2 1.9 4.4 6.1 9.4 19.8 1.3 0.8 1.1 2.6 5.5
Retirement benefits 77.7 97.0 96.6 95.0 90.4 84.2 97.0 96.6 93.9 89.1 72.2 96.7 98.1 95.4 91.5
Social Security 75.3 94.7 94.6 92.5 85.5 80.8 95.4 95.2 90.3 85.0 69.7 95.2 95.9 92.9 85.9
Benefits other than Social Security 8.5 27.2 46.9 63.8 59.9 16.9 43.3 66.8 64.7 56.8 7.1 13.8 36.9 57.9 60.9
Other public pensions 2.4 7.6 12.2 22.7 26.0 4.3 9.5 19.5 24.6 26.0 2.3 4.2 9.5 16.3 29.5
Railroad Retirement 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.2 0.6 1.0 0.5 0.1 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.4
Government employee pensions 2.2 7.0 11.7 22.4 25.4 3.8 9.3 18.9 24.0 25.5 2.2 3.7 8.8 15.7 29.1
Military 0.3 0.6 1.4 3.5 4.4 0.2 1.0 2.5 4.9 3.6 0.2 0.6 0.5 2.3 5.1
Federal 0.6 2.2 3.5 5.9 6.4 1.0 2.7 4.5 5.8 6.2 0.5 1.2 2.9 4.7 8.1
State or local 1.3 4.3 7.1 13.5 16.8 2.8 5.8 12.1 15.3 17.5 1.5 1.8 5.6 9.2 17.7
Private pensions or annuities 6.1 20.0 35.9 44.4 38.8 12.9 35.7 51.3 45.4 36.3 4.8 9.7 27.9 42.6 34.6
Income from assets 21.8 40.6 57.1 70.5 84.7 32.1 58.5 71.3 78.5 88.2 18.1 30.7 47.3 63.1 77.5
Interest 20.3 38.9 54.1 67.0 81.5 30.5 55.7 68.1 74.4 85.2 16.8 29.0 45.3 59.5 74.3
Other income from assets 5.1 11.0 22.1 31.5 52.8 8.5 22.4 31.4 40.9 60.7 4.0 6.5 14.6 27.1 41.1
Dividends 3.8 8.2 17.5 25.6 46.0 6.2 17.5 25.8 35.0 53.4 2.9 4.4 11.2 21.7 34.6
Rent or royalties 1.7 3.3 6.3 10.6 17.9 2.8 6.8 10.3 12.1 22.7 1.5 2.3 4.1 8.1 13.5
Estates or trusts 0.1 0 0.2 0.4 0.7 0 0.1 0.5 0 0.3 0.1 0 0 0.4 1.2
Veterans' benefits 1.0 1.9 4.6 5.1 5.1 2.1 5.2 4.7 6.8 4.6 0.9 1.5 1.8 5.0 4.5
Unemployment compensation 0.2 0.3 0.4 1.3 1.3 0.2 0.8 1.3 1.4 1.5 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.5 1.0
Workers' compensation 0.2 0.3 0.4 1.0 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.8 0.8 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 1.3
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 29.0 15.5 6.4 2.3 1.2 15.7 4.4 2.2 1.6 0.6 31.8 23.3 13.0 5.3 2.2
Cash public assistance 11.9 3.5 1.6 0.8 0.8 7.1 1.0 1.2 1.1 0.6 14.4 5.4 2.4 1.2 0.6
Supplemental Security Income 11.7 3.3 1.4 0.7 0.8 6.9 0.9 1.1 0.9 0.6 14.1 5.3 2.1 1.0 0.6
Other 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.2 0 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0
Noncash benefits 24.5 13.7 5.4 1.8 0.4 12.0 3.6 1.1 0.6 0 26.3 21.2 11.7 4.6 2.0
Food 13.9 4.4 1.4 0.6 0.3 6.4 1.0 0.3 0.3 0 16.5 8.4 2.8 1.0 0.7
Energy 6.5 3.9 1.9 0.5 0 4.2 1.8 0.4 0 0 6.4 6.1 3.4 1.3 0.3
Housing 12.8 8.1 2.7 0.8 0.2 4.7 0.9 0.4 0.2 0 13.4 12.7 7.4 2.8 1.2
Personal contributions 1.4 1.1 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.7 0.3 1.3 1.2 1.3 0.4 1.1
Number (thousands) 5,482 5,486 5,482 5,485 5,485 2,259 2,259 2,260 2,259 2,262 3,223 3,223 3,190 3,262 3,225
NOTE: Quintile limits are $11,519, $18,622, $28,911, and $50,064 for all units; $22,083, $32,000, $45,796, and $76,746 for married couples; and $9,330, $13,374, $19,062, and $30,202 for nonmarried persons.
Income Sources of Beneficiary Units 65 or OlderTable 2.A7 Percentage of Social Security beneficiary aged units with income from specified source, by proportion of income from Social Security and marital status, 2006
Source of income Proportion of income from Social Security
Less than 50 percent 50–89 percent 90–99 percent 100 percent
All units Married couples Nonmarried persons All units Married couples Nonmarried persons All units Married couples Nonmarried persons All units Married couples Nonmarried persons
Earnings 46.7 57.7 33.3 15.6 22.4 10.7 3.3 4.7 2.5 0 0 0
Wages and salaries 40.8 50.7 28.8 13.2 18.4 9.4 3.1 4.3 2.5 0 0 0
Self-employment 9.7 13.3 5.3 2.8 4.5 1.5 0.2 0.4 0 0 0 0
Retirement benefits 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Social Security 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Benefits other than Social Security 62.6 63.3 61.7 59.7 64.8 56.1 18.7 19.4 18.3 0 0 0
Other public pensions 28.2 27.5 29.0 11.7 11.8 11.6 1.4 1.4 1.4 0 0 0
Railroad Retirement 0.4 0.7 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.1 0 0.1 0 0 0
Government employee pensions 27.8 26.9 28.9 11.5 11.7 11.3 1.3 1.4 1.3 0 0 0
Military 4.7 4.5 5.0 1.4 1.6 1.3 0 0 0 0 0 0
Federal 7.7 6.9 8.6 1.7 1.4 1.9 0.1 0 0.1 0 0 0
State or local 17.1 17.3 16.8 8.4 8.9 8.1 1.2 1.4 1.1 0 0 0
Private pensions or annuities 38.9 41.7 35.5 49.5 55.8 45.0 17.3 18.0 17.0 0 0 0
Income from assets 76.8 79.7 73.3 64.7 69.3 61.4 80.7 80.8 80.7 0 0 0
Interest 73.2 76.2 69.5 61.5 65.7 58.5 77.0 77.3 76.8 0 0 0
Other income from assets 42.5 46.3 37.9 26.2 30.3 23.3 14.6 19.4 12.1 0 0 0
Dividends 36.0 39.7 31.5 21.3 25.2 18.5 11.1 15.1 9.0 0 0 0
Rent or royalties 14.4 16.1 12.4 7.3 8.0 6.8 4.0 5.5 3.3 0 0 0
Estates or trusts 0.6 0.4 0.9 0.1 0 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Veterans' benefits 6.1 6.2 5.9 4.4 5.6 3.5 2.1 3.4 1.4 0 0 0
Unemployment compensation 1.3 1.6 0.9 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.1 0 0.1 0 0 0
Workers' compensation 0.9 0.6 1.2 0.5 0.9 0.2 0.1 0 0.2 0 0 0
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 3.8 2.1 5.9 10.8 5.3 14.8 14.4 8.3 17.5 17.6 8.3 20.3
Cash public assistance 1.8 1.4 2.4 4.9 2.3 6.8 3.6 1.8 4.6 0 0 0
Supplemental Security Income 1.6 1.1 2.3 4.7 2.2 6.6 3.4 1.8 4.2 0 0 0
Other 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.4 0 0 0
Noncash benefits 2.7 1.0 4.9 8.7 3.9 12.1 13.5 7.7 16.5 17.6 8.3 20.3
Food 0.9 0.4 1.6 3.7 1.6 5.1 4.8 2.8 5.8 8.4 4.9 9.5
Energy 0.9 0.3 1.6 2.8 1.9 3.5 5.3 3.5 6.2 4.1 2.2 4.7
Housing 1.5 0.4 2.9 4.2 1.2 6.4 7.5 2.6 10.0 9.9 3.2 11.8
Personal contributions 0.6 0.2 1.0 1.3 0.6 1.8 0.8 0.3 1.0 0 0 0
Number (thousands) 8,823 4,834 3,989 7,552 3,176 4,377 2,590 877 1,713 5,238 1,182 4,056
NOTE: Units with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
Family Income Sources of Aged PersonsTable 2.B1 Percentage with family income from specified source, by sex, marital status, and age, 2006
Source of family income Aged 55–61 Aged 62–64 Aged 65 or older
Total 65–69 70–74 75–79 80 or older
All persons
Earnings 85.6 69.9 36.2 53.1 39.2 29.1 20.3
Wages and salaries 81.6 65.7 32.7 48.2 35.5 25.5 18.4
Self-employment 13.9 10.7 6.4 9.4 6.5 6.0 3.2
Retirement benefits 33.8 65.7 92.6 88.0 93.4 94.8 95.2
Social Security 21.5 55.4 89.9 84.6 91.3 92.4 92.7
Benefits other than Social Security 20.2 35.9 44.7 41.0 47.1 46.5 45.4
Other public pensions 9.1 14.6 15.6 14.8 15.2 16.2 16.3
Railroad Retirement 0.3 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.8
Government employee pensions 8.9 14.0 15.1 14.5 14.8 15.6 15.7
Military 1.7 2.3 2.2 1.8 2.4 2.7 2.1
Federal 2.0 3.0 4.0 3.6 4.0 3.7 4.8
State or local 5.5 9.4 9.6 9.7 9.2 10.0 9.5
Private pensions or annuities 12.0 23.1 31.9 29.1 34.6 33.1 31.6
Income from assets 60.6 60.8 60.1 61.6 60.5 59.8 58.3
Interest 58.3 58.3 57.6 59.1 57.9 57.5 55.9
Other income from assets 31.0 30.5 27.5 29.8 27.9 27.2 24.7
Dividends 26.8 26.2 23.1 25.0 23.4 23.0 20.6
Rent or royalties 9.3 9.1 8.7 9.6 8.6 8.9 7.6
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3
Veterans' benefits 3.7 3.4 4.2 3.2 3.9 4.3 5.5
Unemployment compensation 4.9 3.3 1.4 2.1 1.7 1.1 0.8
Workers' compensation 1.6 1.3 0.7 1.1 0.6 0.5 0.4
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 8.8 10.1 10.2 9.1 10.5 9.9 11.6
Cash public assistance 5.2 5.8 4.5 4.5 4.7 4.4 4.4
Supplemental Security Income 4.6 5.5 4.2 4.1 4.4 4.2 4.1
Other 0.8 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.4
Noncash benefits 5.7 6.5 7.7 6.6 7.8 7.5 9.2
Food 3.9 4.1 3.4 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.1
Energy 1.5 1.6 2.3 1.9 2.5 2.1 2.6
Housing 2.0 3.0 4.0 3.1 3.8 4.1 5.2
Personal contributions 2.1 1.7 1.2 1.3 1.1 0.8 1.4
Number (thousands) 24,314 7,877 36,035 10,629 8,369 7,567 9,471
All men
Earnings 87.4 73.8 40.3 57.5 41.7 32.8 20.9
Wages and salaries 82.8 68.9 36.2 52.1 38.0 28.6 18.4
Self-employment 14.9 12.3 7.8 10.7 7.2 7.5 4.4
Retirement benefits 29.1 60.7 91.8 86.9 93.1 94.4 95.0
Social Security 16.7 47.5 88.9 83.2 90.6 92.1 92.3
Benefits other than Social Security 18.1 35.9 48.1 41.7 50.8 49.0 53.5
Other public pensions 8.5 14.5 16.0 14.9 15.9 16.2 17.6
Railroad Retirement 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.6 0.6 0.8
Government employee pensions 8.3 14.0 15.6 14.8 15.2 15.6 17.0
Military 1.9 2.7 2.4 2.0 3.0 3.0 1.9
Federal 1.9 3.1 4.2 3.7 4.5 3.6 5.2
State or local 4.8 8.8 9.7 9.7 8.6 10.0 10.6
Private pensions or annuities 10.5 23.0 34.9 29.6 37.7 36.0 38.7
Income from assets 61.1 62.1 62.6 62.9 62.6 63.2 61.6
Interest 58.9 59.3 60.0 60.3 59.9 60.5 59.0
Other income from assets 31.3 32.4 29.8 31.2 30.0 29.7 27.8
Dividends 27.1 28.0 25.2 26.1 25.4 25.2 23.9
Rent or royalties 9.4 10.0 9.4 10.0 9.3 10.1 8.1
Estates or trusts 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2
Veterans' benefits 4.5 4.3 5.1 3.0 4.2 5.4 9.0
Unemployment compensation 5.2 3.7 1.5 1.9 2.2 1.0 0.8
Workers' compensation 1.6 1.7 0.7 1.5 0.7 0.2 0.3
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 7.6 8.2 7.6 7.3 8.6 6.8 7.8
Cash public assistance 4.6 4.8 3.4 3.4 4.2 2.9 3.2
Supplemental Security Income 4.2 4.7 3.2 3.2 3.8 2.8 3.0
Other 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.2
Noncash benefits 4.6 4.9 5.4 5.3 5.8 4.7 5.9
Food 3.1 2.8 2.3 3.0 2.3 2.0 1.6
Energy 1.2 1.1 1.7 1.4 2.2 1.2 2.1
Housing 1.6 2.2 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.8 2.8
Personal contributions 1.4 1.1 0.9 1.1 0.7 0.4 1.1
Number (thousands) 11,781 3,697 15,443 5,013 3,726 3,271 3,433
Married men
Earnings 92.4 79.1 44.1 62.3 45.0 35.4 20.7
Wages and salaries 88.8 74.2 39.8 57.1 40.8 30.8 18.0
Self-employment 16.2 13.6 8.8 12.1 8.4 8.3 4.3
Retirement benefits 29.4 60.8 92.5 87.6 94.4 94.9 96.3
Social Security 15.5 46.9 89.8 83.8 92.0 92.7 94.4
Benefits other than Social Security 19.4 38.9 50.1 44.0 54.3 50.9 54.7
Other public pensions 9.2 16.1 17.0 15.8 17.3 16.8 19.1
Railroad Retirement 0.3 0.7 0.6 0.2 0.7 0.7 0.9
Government employee pensions 9.0 15.5 16.5 15.7 16.6 16.1 18.4
Military 2.1 2.7 2.4 2.2 2.7 2.9 2.0
Federal 2.0 3.2 4.1 3.8 5.0 3.0 4.8
State or local 5.3 10.3 10.9 10.5 10.0 11.2 12.4
Private pensions or annuities 11.1 24.6 36.7 31.6 40.4 37.9 39.6
Income from assets 66.7 67.1 66.6 67.6 67.3 66.2 64.4
Interest 64.7 64.3 63.8 64.6 64.7 63.2 62.1
Other income from assets 35.5 36.8 33.0 34.3 33.1 32.5 31.3
Dividends 30.8 31.8 28.1 28.9 28.5 27.5 27.0
Rent or royalties 10.7 11.1 10.6 11.1 10.0 11.7 9.0
Estates or trusts 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.3
Veterans' benefits 4.3 3.8 4.8 2.7 4.2 5.5 8.3
Unemployment compensation 5.6 4.1 1.6 2.1 2.4 1.0 0.3
Workers' compensation 1.9 1.6 0.7 1.4 0.5 0.3 0.2
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 5.0 5.2 5.5 5.1 5.9 5.0 6.2
Cash public assistance 3.3 3.7 2.9 2.9 3.4 2.6 2.9
Supplemental Security Income 3.0 3.6 2.7 2.6 2.9 2.6 2.9
Other 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.1 0.1
Noncash benefits 2.4 2.2 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 4.2
Food 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.9 1.4 1.8 1.0
Energy 0.7 0.6 1.3 1.2 1.2 0.8 1.9
Housing 0.5 0.5 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.3 1.6
Personal contributions 1.3 1.2 0.7 1.1 0.6 0.3 0.8
Number (thousands) 8,653 2,801 11,231 3,839 2,767 2,434 2,191
Nonmarried men
Earnings 73.3 57.0 30.3 41.6 32.5 25.4 21.3
Wages and salaries 66.3 52.4 26.9 36.0 29.9 22.3 19.1
Self-employment 11.1 8.4 5.0 6.3 3.8 5.2 4.7
Retirement benefits 28.4 60.1 89.6 84.3 89.3 92.9 92.7
Social Security 20.0 49.3 86.5 81.4 86.8 90.3 88.5
Benefits other than Social Security 14.7 26.6 42.5 34.2 40.6 43.4 51.3
Other public pensions 6.6 9.3 13.3 11.9 11.7 14.6 14.9
Railroad Retirement 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.5 0.4 0.6
Government employee pensions 6.4 9.1 12.9 11.8 11.2 14.3 14.4
Military 1.4 2.5 2.4 1.7 3.6 3.3 1.6
Federal 1.8 2.8 4.5 3.4 3.1 5.6 5.8
State or local 3.4 4.3 6.5 7.1 4.7 6.4 7.3
Private pensions or annuities 8.7 17.8 30.3 23.2 29.9 30.3 37.2
Income from assets 45.8 46.4 51.9 47.4 48.9 54.3 56.8
Interest 43.0 43.5 49.6 46.3 46.1 52.7 53.5
Other income from assets 19.7 18.9 21.3 21.1 21.1 21.5 21.5
Dividends 16.9 16.0 17.5 16.9 16.3 18.4 18.4
Rent or royalties 5.8 6.4 6.3 6.1 7.3 5.3 6.4
Estates or trusts 0.1 0 0.1 0.3 0 0 0
Veterans' benefits 4.9 5.9 6.2 3.8 4.4 5.2 10.3
Unemployment compensation 3.8 2.5 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.0 1.6
Workers' compensation 1.0 1.9 0.9 1.8 1.1 0 0.5
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 14.8 17.6 13.2 14.2 16.5 11.8 10.6
Cash public assistance 8.0 8.3 4.8 5.3 6.6 3.6 3.7
Supplemental Security Income 7.6 8.1 4.5 5.1 6.4 3.3 3.3
Other 0.7 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.5
Noncash benefits 10.7 13.3 10.9 11.9 13.3 9.5 8.9
Food 6.8 6.6 4.3 6.5 5.0 2.5 2.7
Energy 2.7 2.5 2.8 1.7 5.0 2.6 2.4
Housing 4.9 7.5 6.3 6.8 6.9 6.9 4.8
Personal contributions 1.7 0.8 1.2 1.2 1.1 0.9 1.6
Number (thousands) 3,128 896 4,212 1,174 960 837 1,242
All women
Earnings 84.0 66.5 33.1 49.2 37.1 26.2 20.0
Wages and salaries 80.4 62.8 30.0 44.7 33.5 23.1 18.4
Self-employment 13.0 9.3 5.4 8.3 6.0 4.9 2.6
Retirement benefits 38.2 70.1 93.2 89.0 93.6 95.1 95.3
Social Security 26.0 62.3 90.7 85.9 91.8 92.6 92.9
Benefits other than Social Security 22.0 36.0 42.2 40.2 44.2 44.6 40.9
Other public pensions 9.7 14.8 15.2 14.6 14.7 16.2 15.6
Railroad Retirement 0.3 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.7
Government employee pensions 9.5 14.1 14.7 14.2 14.4 15.6 14.9
Military 1.5 1.9 2.1 1.7 2.0 2.5 2.3
Federal 2.1 3.0 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.8 4.5
State or local 6.2 9.9 9.5 9.6 9.7 9.9 8.9
Private pensions or annuities 13.4 23.3 29.6 28.6 32.1 30.9 27.5
Income from assets 60.0 59.8 58.3 60.6 58.9 57.2 56.4
Interest 57.6 57.5 55.9 58.0 56.3 55.1 54.2
Other income from assets 30.7 28.8 25.7 28.6 26.2 25.3 22.9
Dividends 26.5 24.6 21.4 24.0 21.8 21.3 18.8
Rent or royalties 9.2 8.3 8.1 9.2 8.0 8.0 7.3
Estates or trusts 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.4
Veterans' benefits 2.9 2.5 3.5 3.3 3.7 3.5 3.5
Unemployment compensation 4.6 2.9 1.4 2.3 1.3 1.1 0.8
Workers' compensation 1.5 0.9 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.8 0.5
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 10.0 11.8 12.2 10.7 12.0 12.3 13.8
Cash public assistance 5.8 6.6 5.3 5.5 5.1 5.6 5.1
Supplemental Security Income 5.0 6.3 4.9 5.0 4.8 5.3 4.7
Other 1.0 0.3 0.5 0.8 0.4 0.5 0.4
Noncash benefits 6.7 7.9 9.5 7.7 9.3 9.6 11.1
Food 4.7 5.3 4.3 4.2 4.5 4.5 4.0
Energy 1.7 2.0 2.7 2.3 2.8 2.8 2.9
Housing 2.4 3.7 5.1 3.7 4.8 5.1 6.5
Personal contributions 2.7 2.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.0 1.6
Number (thousands) 12,534 4,180 20,593 5,616 4,643 4,296 6,038
Married women
Earnings 87.5 69.1 36.1 48.8 38.4 24.5 16.8
Wages and salaries 83.5 64.5 31.5 43.2 34.0 19.8 14.5
Self-employment 16.4 11.7 7.8 10.6 7.9 6.5 3.0
Retirement benefits 43.0 78.3 94.3 92.5 94.7 95.8 95.5
Social Security 29.4 70.1 91.9 89.7 93.2 93.4 92.8
Benefits other than Social Security 26.3 45.5 52.0 48.2 52.5 56.5 54.0
Other public pensions 11.2 18.0 17.9 17.1 17.3 18.5 19.8
Railroad Retirement 0.4 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.7 1.3
Government employee pensions 10.8 17.2 17.3 16.6 17.1 17.8 18.7
Military 1.9 3.0 2.6 2.2 2.5 2.8 3.6
Federal 2.4 3.5 4.4 4.4 4.0 4.0 5.8
State or local 7.0 11.6 11.3 10.9 11.7 12.0 10.7
Private pensions or annuities 16.3 30.2 38.2 35.7 39.0 41.4 38.6
Income from assets 67.3 67.1 67.5 69.9 67.4 65.2 64.9
Interest 64.8 64.3 65.0 67.2 64.7 63.2 62.6
Other income from assets 36.8 35.0 32.6 35.0 32.1 31.8 28.8
Dividends 32.1 29.7 27.8 29.6 27.3 27.2 24.9
Rent or royalties 11.2 10.6 10.4 11.4 10.0 10.2 9.3
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.5
Veterans' benefits 3.9 3.6 5.7 5.0 5.4 5.2 8.7
Unemployment compensation 5.0 2.6 1.3 2.1 1.0 1.0 0.3
Workers' compensation 1.8 1.1 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.3
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 5.6 5.7 5.2 4.7 5.9 4.9 5.8
Cash public assistance 3.7 4.1 2.8 2.9 3.3 2.6 2.2
Supplemental Security Income 3.4 4.0 2.6 2.5 3.0 2.6 2.2
Other 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.1 0.1
Noncash benefits 2.8 2.2 3.3 2.8 3.8 2.8 4.1
Food 1.9 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.8 1.4 0.6
Energy 0.8 0.9 1.3 1.0 1.4 1.1 2.3
Housing 0.6 0.7 1.1 0.9 1.3 0.9 1.5
Personal contributions 0.9 1.3 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.9
Number (thousands) 7,982 2,498 8,682 3,172 2,401 1,797 1,312
Nonmarried women
Earnings 77.7 62.8 31.0 49.8 35.7 27.4 20.9
Wages and salaries 74.9 60.3 28.9 46.6 33.1 25.5 19.5
Self-employment 7.2 5.8 3.6 5.2 4.0 3.7 2.4
Retirement benefits 29.7 58.0 92.4 84.4 92.5 94.6 95.3
Social Security 20.1 50.8 89.8 80.9 90.3 92.0 92.9
Benefits other than Social Security 14.7 21.8 35.1 29.8 35.4 36.1 37.2
Other public pensions 7.1 9.9 13.3 11.5 11.8 14.5 14.4
Railroad Retirement 0 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.6
Government employee pensions 7.1 9.5 12.9 11.0 11.5 13.9 13.9
Military 0.8 0.3 1.7 0.9 1.5 2.3 1.9
Federal 1.6 2.2 3.6 2.5 3.3 3.6 4.2
State or local 4.7 7.4 8.1 8.0 7.5 8.4 8.4
Private pensions or annuities 8.2 13.0 23.2 19.4 24.8 23.3 24.4
Income from assets 47.1 48.9 51.5 48.4 49.7 51.5 54.0
Interest 45.0 47.3 49.3 46.1 47.3 49.4 51.8
Other income from assets 19.8 19.6 20.7 20.2 19.7 20.7 21.3
Dividends 16.7 17.1 16.8 16.8 15.8 17.0 17.1
Rent or royalties 5.7 4.8 6.5 6.4 5.9 6.4 6.8
Estates or trusts 0.5 0.2 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.3 0.4
Veterans' benefits 1.2 0.9 1.9 1.1 1.9 2.2 2.0
Unemployment compensation 3.9 3.4 1.4 2.5 1.7 1.1 0.9
Workers' compensation 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.5 1.0 0.5
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 17.6 20.8 17.3 18.4 18.4 17.7 16.0
Cash public assistance 9.5 10.3 7.1 8.8 7.2 7.7 5.9
Supplemental Security Income 7.8 9.7 6.6 8.2 6.8 7.2 5.4
Other 2.1 0.7 0.7 1.1 0.4 0.7 0.5
Noncash benefits 13.5 16.3 14.0 14.1 15.3 14.5 13.0
Food 9.7 11.0 6.5 8.1 7.4 6.8 5.0
Energy 3.4 3.7 3.7 4.0 4.4 4.1 3.1
Housing 5.4 8.1 7.9 7.2 8.5 8.2 7.9
Personal contributions 5.9 3.8 2.0 2.7 2.2 1.5 1.8
Number (thousands) 4,552 1,682 11,910 2,444 2,242 2,499 4,726
 
Family Income Sources of Aged PersonsTable 2.B2 Percentage with family income from specified source, by family's Social Security beneficiary status and aged person's sex and age, 2006
Source of family income Total Men Women
55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older
Persons in beneficiary families
Earnings 64.6 56.6 33.4 63.0 57.6 37.3 65.5 56.0 30.6
Wages and salaries 60.5 52.5 29.9 58.3 52.7 33.2 61.8 52.4 27.5
Self-employment 9.6 7.9 6.1 10.0 8.8 7.4 9.4 7.4 5.1
Retirement benefits 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Social Security 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Benefits other than Social Security 36.4 46.3 46.8 34.0 47.9 50.8 37.9 45.2 43.8
Other public pensions 13.8 17.5 15.5 13.9 18.0 16.1 13.7 17.1 15.1
Railroad Retirement 0.3 0 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.2 0 0.3
Government employee pensions 13.5 17.4 15.3 13.5 17.9 15.8 13.5 17.1 14.9
Military 2.0 2.9 2.4 2.1 3.7 2.6 2.0 2.4 2.2
Federal 3.3 3.7 3.7 3.9 3.7 3.7 2.9 3.6 3.6
State or local 8.9 11.7 10.0 8.2 11.7 10.3 9.3 11.7 9.8
Private pensions or annuities 25.1 31.4 34.1 22.9 32.3 37.9 26.5 30.7 31.4
Income from assets 52.8 60.3 61.5 51.7 58.8 64.0 53.4 61.4 59.7
Interest 50.4 57.4 58.9 49.3 55.7 61.2 51.1 58.6 57.2
Other income from assets 24.7 29.9 28.2 22.9 29.0 30.6 25.8 30.5 26.4
Dividends 21.2 25.2 23.7 19.2 24.7 26.0 22.5 25.5 22.1
Rent or royalties 7.2 8.5 8.8 6.8 8.1 9.5 7.4 8.8 8.3
Estates or trusts 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3
Veterans' benefits 6.3 4.7 4.5 9.4 6.7 5.5 4.4 3.3 3.7
Unemployment compensation 3.5 2.9 1.4 4.2 3.4 1.5 3.1 2.7 1.3
Workers' compensation 2.8 1.3 0.7 3.4 2.1 0.7 2.4 0.8 0.6
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 14.9 10.9 9.6 14.4 10.2 7.0 15.2 11.3 11.5
Cash public assistance 7.5 4.7 3.6 7.0 4.7 2.7 7.8 4.7 4.2
Supplemental Security Income 6.7 4.5 3.3 6.4 4.5 2.5 6.9 4.4 3.9
Other 1.1 0.3 0.4 0.7 0.2 0.3 1.3 0.4 0.5
Noncash benefits 10.9 7.7 7.5 10.0 7.0 5.2 11.4 8.2 9.2
Food 7.2 4.9 3.2 6.0 4.1 2.1 8.0 5.4 4.0
Energy 3.2 2.0 2.3 3.6 1.3 1.7 2.9 2.5 2.7
Housing 3.6 3.4 3.9 3.3 3.2 2.5 3.8 3.5 4.9
Personal contributions 1.8 1.6 1.1 1.3 1.1 0.8 2.1 1.9 1.3
Number (thousands) 5,221 4,361 32,399 1,963 1,756 13,728 3,258 2,605 18,671
Persons in nonbeneficiary families
Earnings 91.4 86.4 60.9 92.2 88.4 64.9 90.4 84.0 57.4
Wages and salaries 87.4 82.0 57.2 87.7 83.6 60.7 86.9 80.0 54.0
Self-employment 15.1 14.2 9.1 15.8 15.6 10.9 14.3 12.6 7.6
Retirement benefits 15.7 23.1 26.3 15.0 25.1 25.7 16.5 20.7 26.8
Social Security 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Benefits other than Social Security 15.7 23.1 26.3 15.0 25.1 25.7 16.5 20.7 26.8
Other public pensions 7.9 11.1 16.0 7.5 11.3 15.6 8.3 10.9 16.4
Railroad Retirement 0.3 1.5 2.7 0.3 1.1 2.3 0.3 1.9 3.0
Government employee pensions 7.6 9.9 13.6 7.2 10.4 13.5 8.0 9.2 13.7
Military 1.6 1.5 1.0 1.9 1.7 1.0 1.3 1.1 1.1
Federal 1.7 2.2 7.2 1.5 2.5 7.9 1.8 1.8 6.6
State or local 4.5 6.5 5.9 4.1 6.3 5.1 5.0 6.8 6.6
Private pensions or annuities 8.4 12.9 11.6 8.0 14.5 11.5 8.8 10.9 11.6
Income from assets 62.7 61.5 47.7 63.0 65.0 51.1 62.3 57.1 44.6
Interest 60.4 59.5 46.6 60.8 62.5 50.2 59.9 55.7 43.4
Other income from assets 32.7 31.3 21.0 33.0 35.5 23.3 32.4 26.1 18.9
Dividends 28.3 27.5 17.1 28.7 31.0 19.6 27.9 23.2 14.9
Rent or royalties 9.9 9.7 7.6 9.9 11.6 8.4 9.8 7.4 6.8
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.3 0 0.5 0.2 0.7
Veterans' benefits 2.9 1.7 1.9 3.5 2.3 2.6 2.3 1.1 1.3
Unemployment compensation 5.2 3.7 2.1 5.4 4.0 1.6 5.1 3.4 2.5
Workers' compensation 1.3 1.3 0.9 1.3 1.4 1.1 1.2 1.2 0.7
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 7.2 9.1 15.8 6.2 6.4 12.0 8.2 12.5 19.2
Cash public assistance 4.6 7.0 12.5 4.1 4.9 9.2 5.1 9.7 15.5
Supplemental Security Income 4.0 6.9 12.2 3.8 4.8 8.9 4.3 9.5 15.1
Other 0.7 0.2 0.7 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.9 0.3 1.0
Noncash benefits 4.3 4.9 9.7 3.5 3.0 7.1 5.1 7.3 12.0
Food 3.0 3.1 5.7 2.5 1.7 4.1 3.6 5.0 7.2
Energy 1.0 1.0 1.9 0.8 0.8 1.5 1.3 1.3 2.3
Housing 1.6 2.5 5.3 1.3 1.3 3.8 1.9 4.0 6.7
Personal contributions 2.2 1.9 2.1 1.4 1.1 1.8 3.0 3.0 2.4
Number (thousands) 19,093 3,516 3,637 9,817 1,941 1,715 9,276 1,575 1,922
 
Family Income Sources of Aged PersonsTable 2.B3 Percentage with family income from specified source, by sex, marital status, race, Hispanic origin, and age, 2006
Source of family income White alone Black alone Asian alone Hispanic origin
55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older
All persons
Earnings 86.2 71.1 35.2 78.0 57.2 38.2 92.8 78.8 55.7 84.3 70.9 51.7
Wages and salaries 82.1 66.8 31.4 75.2 55.5 36.1 87.2 70.3 53.6 79.2 67.3 48.1
Self-employment 14.6 11.1 6.7 7.4 4.4 3.6 17.6 17.8 6.6 13.0 9.4 6.7
Retirement benefits 33.7 65.9 93.7 37.7 69.3 88.3 25.9 50.1 73.8 25.4 54.0 79.2
Social Security 20.9 55.3 91.2 26.6 59.6 84.3 18.8 42.9 69.5 19.5 49.7 77.1
Benefits other than Social Security 20.7 37.3 46.7 18.8 29.3 32.4 12.2 26.8 26.7 10.3 18.2 21.3
Other public pensions 9.4 15.0 15.8 8.8 13.2 14.4 4.1 10.3 11.9 5.0 7.9 7.7
Railroad Retirement 0.3 0.8 0.6 0.2 0.3 0.3 0 0 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1
Government employee pensions 9.1 14.3 15.3 8.6 13.2 14.2 4.1 10.3 11.8 4.8 7.7 7.7
Military 1.8 2.4 2.3 1.0 2.1 1.2 1.1 1.0 2.0 0.5 1.7 0.8
Federal 2.0 2.6 3.8 2.9 5.5 5.5 1.0 4.1 4.9 1.1 1.9 3.0
State or local 5.7 9.9 9.8 4.8 6.6 8.4 2.0 5.3 5.5 3.2 5.0 4.4
Private pensions or annuities 12.2 24.2 33.7 11.5 17.4 20.1 8.2 17.5 16.5 5.6 11.3 15.0
Income from assets 63.9 64.7 63.4 35.0 30.6 29.9 60.0 61.1 56.2 29.4 30.5 29.8
Interest 61.5 62.0 60.9 33.8 29.2 27.9 56.6 58.2 53.7 26.7 29.1 28.3
Other income from assets 33.5 33.3 29.3 11.0 9.7 9.6 30.7 27.4 26.6 10.4 9.7 10.2
Dividends 29.1 28.6 24.9 8.7 7.9 6.4 26.1 25.1 21.4 6.7 6.1 7.1
Rent or royalties 10.0 9.7 9.0 3.9 4.3 4.7 9.4 8.2 9.8 4.6 5.0 4.6
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.2 0.3 0 0 0.1 0.3 0 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Veterans' benefits 3.6 3.7 4.3 4.6 1.8 3.6 1.8 1.3 2.0 1.5 1.5 2.0
Unemployment compensation 4.9 3.5 1.4 4.8 2.2 2.1 3.7 1.4 1.5 3.6 5.2 2.5
Workers' compensation 1.6 1.4 0.7 1.2 0.7 0.8 2.2 1.3 0.9 1.9 1.8 0.5
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 7.2 8.0 8.4 20.5 24.6 24.7 8.9 13.2 17.8 16.5 17.7 22.1
Cash public assistance 4.3 4.6 3.4 10.7 12.3 11.7 6.0 9.3 12.5 10.4 12.3 12.3
Supplemental Security Income 3.8 4.5 3.2 9.7 11.8 10.5 5.8 9.3 11.8 9.0 11.9 11.5
Other 0.6 0.2 0.3 1.9 0.7 1.8 0.4 0 0.8 1.6 0.5 0.9
Noncash benefits 4.4 4.9 6.4 15.3 19.6 19.6 5.0 5.3 9.4 11.6 9.6 15.7
Food 2.9 3.2 2.6 11.1 11.5 10.8 4.0 3.3 3.9 8.6 6.5 9.1
Energy 1.4 1.3 2.0 2.6 2.8 4.2 0.9 2.1 2.1 2.3 2.1 2.7
Housing 1.4 2.0 3.3 6.2 12.2 10.3 2.0 0.7 6.3 4.8 4.4 7.3
Personal contributions 1.9 1.7 1.1 3.7 1.9 1.4 2.1 2.5 1.8 2.6 2.5 3.1
Number (thousands) 20,456 6,699 31,270 2,443 769 3,085 971 278 1,182 2,028 611 2,428
All men
Earnings 88.2 74.7 39.6 77.3 63.1 40.7 93.3 84.8 56.5 87.7 74.3 53.6
Wages and salaries 83.5 69.9 35.3 74.0 59.9 38.1 87.2 75.7 54.8 81.4 70.9 49.4
Self-employment 15.6 12.5 8.2 8.3 5.3 4.3 17.6 24.9 7.2 14.9 9.6 7.1
Retirement benefits 28.8 61.0 92.7 35.6 64.2 88.3 16.6 40.8 73.8 19.7 48.6 78.2
Social Security 16.0 47.4 90.1 24.1 52.7 84.1 11.4 32.5 68.1 13.9 43.5 76.2
Benefits other than Social Security 18.4 37.4 49.9 18.5 27.7 36.7 7.9 23.3 29.2 8.5 16.5 22.4
Other public pensions 8.7 15.0 16.2 9.0 12.6 15.7 2.1 6.6 11.8 4.0 8.7 8.2
Railroad Retirement 0.3 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.3 0 0 0 0.2 0.1 0.2
Government employee pensions 8.4 14.4 15.7 8.6 12.6 15.3 2.1 6.6 11.8 3.8 8.6 8.1
Military 2.0 2.7 2.5 1.5 3.0 1.8 0.3 1.0 0.6 0.8 2.1 1.1
Federal 1.8 3.0 3.9 3.1 4.4 6.5 0.4 0.8 6.0 0.6 1.2 3.5
State or local 4.9 9.3 10.0 4.1 5.8 8.5 1.4 4.8 5.7 2.4 5.6 4.3
Private pensions or annuities 10.6 23.9 36.7 10.7 16.7 23.1 5.7 18.4 18.7 4.7 9.6 15.7
Income from assets 64.1 65.8 65.6 36.7 29.0 32.8 56.9 65.2 57.8 31.5 27.1 32.2
Interest 61.8 63.0 63.0 36.1 26.6 30.9 52.7 60.8 54.8 28.8 25.0 30.0
Other income from assets 33.8 34.8 31.7 10.9 12.2 10.5 27.6 29.9 28.3 10.3 8.6 11.2
Dividends 29.4 30.2 27.1 8.6 9.3 7.1 22.7 26.3 22.6 5.9 4.8 7.6
Rent or royalties 10.0 10.5 9.7 3.6 6.0 5.2 8.4 9.3 10.2 5.1 3.8 5.4
Estates or trusts 0.2 0.3 0.2 0 0 0.1 0.3 0 0 0.1 0.5 0
Veterans' benefits 4.3 4.7 5.3 7.1 2.8 4.8 0.8 1.3 2.5 2.0 1.9 2.2
Unemployment compensation 5.2 4.0 1.5 5.0 2.0 2.3 3.5 1.5 1.4 3.2 4.9 3.3
Workers' compensation 1.6 1.9 0.7 1.7 0.6 1.0 2.7 1.6 0.7 1.9 3.9 0.6
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 6.2 6.6 6.2 17.7 21.5 18.3 10.7 10.7 16.4 13.7 15.1 18.6
Cash public assistance 3.7 3.9 2.7 9.8 11.1 7.7 7.9 7.5 11.3 8.7 10.3 10.9
Supplemental Security Income 3.5 3.8 2.5 9.3 10.9 7.0 7.4 7.5 11.0 7.9 10.3 10.3
Other 0.3 0.2 0.2 1.1 0.2 1.2 0.9 0 0.3 0.9 0 0.6
Noncash benefits 3.6 3.6 4.4 12.4 17.4 14.5 6.2 3.4 8.6 8.9 7.5 12.9
Food 2.2 2.4 1.7 9.5 6.6 7.7 5.0 3.4 3.4 6.7 4.4 7.8
Energy 1.3 0.9 1.5 1.0 2.6 2.4 1.4 0.2 2.3 1.6 2.7 2.1
Housing 1.2 1.2 2.0 4.5 12.0 7.6 3.4 0.3 5.6 3.7 3.2 5.6
Personal contributions 1.3 1.1 0.8 1.8 0.5 1.2 2.1 3.4 0.7 1.4 2.0 2.7
Number (thousands) 10,055 3,172 13,512 1,066 339 1,210 451 132 495 979 286 1,034
Married men
Earnings 92.6 78.9 42.9 87.9 78.9 51.9 96.7 86.5 57.4 93.0 74.9 55.8
Wages and salaries 88.9 74.3 38.3 86.0 74.7 48.8 90.0 76.2 55.2 87.5 70.4 52.6
Self-employment 16.8 13.6 9.1 8.4 7.7 5.4 19.5 24.2 8.4 16.4 10.8 6.2
Retirement benefits 29.4 61.4 93.4 35.8 64.1 90.7 15.1 38.4 75.6 18.6 51.3 80.3
Social Security 15.1 47.0 90.9 21.1 51.4 85.4 10.2 30.4 70.9 12.6 44.9 78.1
Benefits other than Social Security 19.7 40.1 51.7 21.0 33.7 40.6 7.9 21.6 28.9 9.0 19.1 24.5
Other public pensions 9.5 16.4 17.1 9.4 17.7 19.7 1.5 6.1 10.4 4.7 10.5 8.8
Railroad Retirement 0.3 0.8 0.6 0.3 0 0.2 0 0 0 0.3 0.1 0
Government employee pensions 9.2 15.8 16.5 9.0 17.7 19.6 1.5 6.1 10.4 4.4 10.4 8.8
Military 2.2 2.7 2.5 1.6 4.6 1.9 0.1 0 0.1 0.8 2.3 0.8
Federal 1.9 3.1 3.8 3.1 5.3 7.8 0.4 0.6 4.6 0.9 1.5 4.1
State or local 5.5 10.6 11.0 4.6 8.7 12.1 1.0 5.5 6.2 2.6 7.2 4.8
Private pensions or annuities 11.2 25.4 38.4 12.5 18.6 24.1 6.4 17.5 19.8 4.5 11.2 17.7
Income from assets 69.1 69.5 69.0 43.4 40.7 37.9 59.1 66.7 59.4 37.5 30.2 36.0
Interest 67.1 66.8 66.3 43.0 38.4 35.5 54.7 60.8 56.1 34.4 28.7 33.8
Other income from assets 37.8 38.6 34.6 12.7 18.2 13.8 29.1 33.3 28.9 13.2 9.6 13.3
Dividends 33.0 33.4 29.8 9.2 15.1 9.3 23.5 29.5 23.1 6.9 5.7 9.3
Rent or royalties 11.2 11.5 10.8 5.2 8.1 7.0 8.6 10.2 10.4 7.6 3.8 6.5
Estates or trusts 0.2 0.4 0.2 0 0 0.1 0.4 0 0 0.2 0.7 0
Veterans' benefits 4.3 4.2 4.9 6.0 2.3 4.4 0.5 0 1.8 2.2 1.3 2.2
Unemployment compensation 5.7 4.3 1.5 6.5 3.3 3.2 3.5 1.7 1.4 3.2 5.1 3.0
Workers' compensation 1.8 1.8 0.6 2.1 1.0 1.1 2.7 0 0.9 2.2 5.5 0.4
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 4.3 4.6 4.6 9.3 10.0 12.3 8.8 10.1 14.8 10.5 12.3 16.7
Cash public assistance 2.8 3.5 2.5 6.1 3.2 4.6 5.8 8.5 10.8 6.2 8.2 9.6
Supplemental Security Income 2.6 3.4 2.3 5.9 2.9 4.0 5.8 8.5 10.5 5.2 8.2 9.0
Other 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.4 1.0 0.5 0 0.4 1.1 0 0.6
Noncash benefits 1.9 1.7 2.8 5.3 7.8 8.8 4.6 1.9 7.2 6.2 5.4 11.5
Food 1.4 1.4 1.2 3.1 4.5 5.0 3.1 1.9 3.4 4.7 4.2 7.2
Energy 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.4 0.5 1.8 1.2 0.3 2.3 1.1 0.6 2.5
Housing 0.2 0.2 0.9 2.5 3.7 3.4 2.1 0 4.3 1.4 1.9 4.7
Personal contributions 1.2 1.3 0.7 2.5 0.1 1.0 1.9 1.5 0.2 1.8 2.9 2.2
Number (thousands) 7,525 2,443 9,968 599 208 693 379 116 415 649 193 676
Nonmarried men
Earnings 75.0 60.3 30.5 63.7 37.7 25.7 a a 52.3 77.4 72.8 49.4
Wages and salaries 67.4 54.8 26.6 58.6 36.2 23.8 a a 52.5 69.5 71.7 43.5
Self-employment 11.9 9.0 5.5 8.1 1.4 2.9 a a 1.0 11.9 7.1 8.9
Retirement benefits 27.2 59.6 90.8 35.4 64.4 85.0 a a 64.5 21.9 43.1 74.2
Social Security 18.7 48.5 87.7 27.8 54.7 82.4 a a 53.7 16.4 40.7 72.4
Benefits other than Social Security 14.7 28.5 44.6 15.1 18.1 31.4 a a 30.7 7.5 11.1 18.4
Other public pensions 6.3 10.3 13.7 8.4 4.5 10.2 a a 18.9 2.6 4.9 7.1
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.4 1.5 0.6 a a 0 0 0 0.5
Government employee pensions 6.0 10.0 13.4 8.0 4.5 9.7 a a 18.9 2.6 4.9 7.0
Military 1.5 2.8 2.6 1.4 0.4 1.6 a a 3.3 0.7 1.7 1.5
Federal 1.6 2.7 4.2 3.1 3.0 4.7 a a 13.4 0 0.7 2.4
State or local 3.2 5.1 7.1 3.5 1.2 3.6 a a 3.2 1.9 2.5 3.3
Private pensions or annuities 9.0 18.9 32.0 8.4 13.6 21.8 a a 12.8 4.9 6.2 12.1
Income from assets 49.2 53.4 55.9 28.1 10.5 25.9 a a 49.7 19.8 20.6 25.2
Interest 45.9 50.4 53.6 27.3 7.8 24.6 a a 48.3 17.8 17.2 22.9
Other income from assets 21.9 22.2 23.6 8.6 2.7 6.2 a a 25.0 4.5 6.8 7.2
Dividends 18.7 19.5 19.7 7.9 0 4.1 a a 20.1 4.1 2.9 4.5
Rent or royalties 6.6 7.0 6.7 1.6 2.7 2.8 a a 9.0 0.4 3.8 3.2
Estates or trusts 0.1 0 0.1 0 0 0 a a 0 0 0 0
Veterans' benefits 4.4 6.3 6.2 8.4 3.7 5.4 a a 6.3 1.6 3.1 2.1
Unemployment compensation 3.8 3.0 1.4 3.1 0 1.1 a a 1.6 3.2 4.5 3.9
Workers' compensation 0.8 2.1 1.0 1.3 0 0.9 a a 0 1.4 0.4 1.0
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 12.0 13.0 10.7 28.4 39.9 26.3 a a 24.6 20.0 20.8 22.1
Cash public assistance 6.5 5.1 3.3 14.5 23.8 12.0 a a 13.6 13.5 14.7 13.5
Supplemental Security Income 6.2 5.0 3.1 13.8 23.8 11.2 a a 13.6 13.2 14.7 12.8
Other 0.4 0.4 0.2 1.9 0 1.4 a a 0 0.3 0 0.7
Noncash benefits 8.5 9.8 8.9 21.6 32.8 22.1 a a 15.5 14.3 11.8 15.5
Food 4.5 5.8 3.2 17.7 10.0 11.4 a a 3.2 10.8 4.7 9.0
Energy 2.9 1.9 2.7 1.8 5.9 3.1 a a 2.6 2.5 7.1 1.4
Housing 4.3 4.6 5.1 6.9 25.4 13.3 a a 12.3 8.2 5.9 7.1
Personal contributions 1.9 0.3 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.5 a a 3.0 0.7 0 3.7
Number (thousands) 2,530 729 3,543 466 130 517 72 16 81 330 93 358
All women
Earnings 84.4 68.0 31.7 78.6 52.6 36.6 92.3 73.4 55.2 81.2 68.0 50.3
Wages and salaries 80.7 64.1 28.4 76.2 52.0 34.9 87.2 65.3 52.7 77.0 64.1 47.0
Self-employment 13.7 9.9 5.5 6.8 3.6 3.2 17.5 11.5 6.2 11.2 9.3 6.3
Retirement benefits 38.3 70.3 94.4 39.3 73.2 88.3 33.9 58.6 73.7 30.8 58.8 80.0
Social Security 25.7 62.5 92.1 28.5 65.1 84.4 25.2 52.2 70.4 24.6 55.2 77.8
Benefits other than Social Security 22.8 37.1 44.3 19.1 30.5 29.7 16.0 29.9 24.9 11.9 19.6 20.6
Other public pensions 10.0 14.9 15.5 8.8 13.6 13.6 5.7 13.6 11.9 6.0 7.2 7.4
Railroad Retirement 0.3 0.9 0.6 0.1 0 0.3 0 0 0.1 0.2 0.2 0
Government employee pensions 9.8 14.1 15.0 8.6 13.6 13.5 5.7 13.6 11.8 5.8 7.0 7.4
Military 1.6 2.0 2.2 0.6 1.4 0.9 1.8 1.1 3.0 0.3 1.4 0.7
Federal 2.1 2.3 3.8 2.8 6.4 4.9 1.6 7.0 4.1 1.5 2.5 2.6
State or local 6.5 10.4 9.8 5.3 7.3 8.3 2.6 5.7 5.4 4.0 4.4 4.5
Private pensions or annuities 13.8 24.5 31.4 12.1 18.0 18.2 10.4 16.6 15.0 6.5 12.8 14.4
Income from assets 63.7 63.7 61.6 33.7 31.8 28.0 62.8 57.5 55.0 27.3 33.6 28.1
Interest 61.2 61.1 59.2 32.1 31.2 26.0 60.1 55.8 52.9 24.8 32.8 27.0
Other income from assets 33.3 31.9 27.5 11.1 7.7 9.0 33.3 25.2 25.4 10.4 10.6 9.5
Dividends 28.8 27.1 23.2 8.8 6.7 6.0 28.9 24.1 20.5 7.4 7.2 6.7
Rent or royalties 9.9 9.1 8.4 4.2 3.0 4.4 10.4 7.2 9.6 4.1 6.1 3.9
Estates or trusts 0.5 0.2 0.4 0 0 0.1 0.3 0 0.3 0.2 0 0.3
Veterans' benefits 2.9 2.8 3.6 2.6 0.9 2.8 2.7 1.3 1.6 1.0 1.2 1.8
Unemployment compensation 4.6 3.1 1.3 4.6 2.3 1.9 3.8 1.3 1.6 3.9 5.4 1.8
Workers' compensation 1.6 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 1.7 1.0 1.0 2.0 0 0.4
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 8.1 9.3 10.1 22.8 27.1 28.9 7.3 15.5 18.8 19.1 19.9 24.6
Cash public assistance 4.9 5.3 4.0 11.5 13.2 14.3 4.4 11.0 13.4 12.0 14.1 13.2
Supplemental Security Income 4.2 5.2 3.7 9.9 12.5 12.8 4.4 11.0 12.3 10.1 13.2 12.4
Other 0.8 0.2 0.3 2.5 1.1 2.2 0 0 1.1 2.3 0.9 1.1
Noncash benefits 5.1 6.1 8.0 17.5 21.2 22.8 4.0 6.9 10.0 14.2 11.5 17.8
Food 3.6 3.9 3.3 12.3 15.3 12.8 3.2 3.2 4.3 10.3 8.3 10.1
Energy 1.5 1.7 2.4 3.8 2.9 5.4 0.4 3.7 2.0 3.0 1.5 3.1
Housing 1.6 2.6 4.3 7.6 12.4 12.0 0.8 1.1 6.8 5.9 5.5 8.6
Personal contributions 2.4 2.2 1.3 5.1 3.0 1.6 2.1 1.7 2.5 3.7 3.0 3.4
Number (thousands) 10,401 3,526 17,759 1,378 431 1,875 521 146 687 1,049 325 1,394
Married women
Earnings 87.4 70.1 34.8 84.9 54.8 42.5 92.7 70.1 51.8 85.8 65.7 50.8
Wages and salaries 83.4 65.6 30.1 82.9 53.3 38.3 87.1 61.5 50.0 80.5 63.4 46.8
Self-employment 16.8 12.2 8.0 9.8 4.4 5.9 19.4 13.5 5.6 14.8 9.3 6.5
Retirement benefits 42.5 78.2 95.4 53.1 85.9 90.1 37.8 70.3 74.4 38.1 67.5 83.0
Social Security 28.7 70.0 93.2 37.8 77.6 86.2 28.3 60.9 69.4 30.5 62.5 80.2
Benefits other than Social Security 26.6 46.2 53.5 28.4 41.8 41.4 18.0 38.9 31.8 16.2 24.9 28.3
Other public pensions 11.4 17.8 17.8 11.9 19.7 20.8 6.3 18.2 14.2 7.7 10.9 11.3
Railroad Retirement 0.4 0.9 0.7 0.4 0 0.2 0 0 0.2 0.3 0.4 0
Government employee pensions 11.0 16.9 17.2 11.6 19.7 20.5 6.3 18.2 14.0 7.4 10.6 11.3
Military 2.0 3.0 2.6 0.6 3.6 1.7 2.5 1.6 2.7 0.5 3.0 1.3
Federal 2.5 2.6 4.0 3.1 9.6 9.1 1.4 8.1 5.8 1.9 3.9 5.4
State or local 7.1 11.9 11.4 7.9 8.3 12.3 2.8 8.4 6.8 5.0 6.4 5.7
Private pensions or annuities 16.4 31.3 40.0 18.7 24.1 24.1 11.7 21.2 20.8 9.3 14.6 19.5
Income from assets 69.4 69.0 69.6 45.0 44.9 38.3 64.3 69.9 59.9 30.5 34.3 36.6
Interest 66.9 66.1 67.1 43.0 43.8 35.4 60.7 66.2 57.3 28.5 33.1 34.6
Other income from assets 38.4 37.1 34.0 17.1 15.7 12.6 38.0 27.0 27.7 11.0 14.0 15.3
Dividends 33.5 31.4 29.3 14.1 12.3 8.6 32.1 26.1 21.1 8.1 9.0 10.9
Rent or royalties 11.6 11.1 10.6 5.9 6.4 7.0 11.7 8.3 10.8 4.0 9.2 6.9
Estates or trusts 0.3 0.1 0.2 0 0 0.2 0.4 0 0 0.2 0 0
Veterans' benefits 3.9 3.9 5.9 4.4 0.8 5.1 2.6 1.9 3.1 1.8 2.2 3.3
Unemployment compensation 4.8 2.9 1.2 7.0 1.0 2.0 5.0 0 1.9 4.2 6.7 1.1
Workers' compensation 1.9 1.0 0.5 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.7 1.5 1.2 2.2 0 0.3
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 4.8 4.9 4.4 12.2 10.7 12.3 8.2 12.1 13.9 12.3 16.2 15.8
Cash public assistance 3.3 3.8 2.3 6.4 3.7 5.5 5.0 9.8 11.1 7.4 11.1 9.1
Supplemental Security Income 3.0 3.7 2.1 5.7 3.7 4.8 5.0 9.8 10.6 6.8 11.1 8.6
Other 0.3 0.1 0.3 1.4 0 1.0 0 0 0.5 0.6 0 0.5
Noncash benefits 2.2 1.7 2.8 7.7 7.5 8.6 4.1 2.3 6.4 8.3 5.9 10.3
Food 1.4 1.0 1.1 4.8 7.4 4.3 3.2 0 2.6 6.0 4.4 5.5
Energy 0.8 0.9 1.2 0.8 0 2.9 0.6 2.3 2.4 2.0 1.4 2.0
Housing 0.4 0.5 0.9 2.8 3.0 2.3 0.9 0 3.9 2.2 1.8 5.1
Personal contributions 0.8 1.3 0.5 1.2 0 0.5 1.6 0.6 0.2 1.6 2.5 2.3
Number (thousands) 6,952 2,200 7,784 531 165 473 379 95 321 566 157 540
Nonmarried women
Earnings 78.3 64.4 29.3 74.6 51.2 34.7 91.1 a 58.2 75.7 70.1 50.1
Wages and salaries 75.4 61.7 27.1 72.0 51.2 33.7 87.6 a 55.1 72.9 64.7 47.2
Self-employment 7.6 6.1 3.6 4.9 3.2 2.3 12.4 a 6.8 7.0 9.3 6.2
Retirement benefits 29.9 57.3 93.7 30.7 65.4 87.7 23.7 a 73.2 22.2 50.7 78.0
Social Security 19.7 49.9 91.3 22.7 57.3 83.8 16.9 a 71.3 17.7 48.4 76.2
Benefits other than Social Security 15.3 22.0 37.1 13.2 23.5 25.8 10.5 a 18.9 6.9 14.7 15.7
Other public pensions 7.4 10.2 13.8 6.8 9.8 11.2 4.1 a 9.9 3.9 3.7 4.9
Railroad Retirement 0 0.7 0.6 0 0 0.3 0 a 0 0 0 0
Government employee pensions 7.3 9.6 13.2 6.8 9.8 11.1 4.1 a 9.9 3.9 3.7 4.9
Military 0.9 0.3 1.8 0.6 0 0.6 0 a 3.4 0 0 0.2
Federal 1.4 1.8 3.6 2.6 4.3 3.5 2.2 a 2.6 1.1 1.2 0.8
State or local 5.1 7.8 8.5 3.6 6.6 7.0 2.0 a 4.1 2.9 2.5 3.8
Private pensions or annuities 8.4 13.1 24.8 7.9 14.3 16.2 6.7 a 9.9 3.3 11.0 11.2
Income from assets 52.1 54.8 55.5 26.6 23.7 24.5 58.7 a 50.7 23.7 33.0 22.7
Interest 49.8 52.8 53.2 25.3 23.4 22.8 58.4 a 49.0 20.5 32.6 22.2
Other income from assets 22.9 23.3 22.4 7.3 2.7 7.7 20.7 a 23.4 9.8 7.4 5.8
Dividends 19.3 20.1 18.4 5.5 3.3 5.1 20.4 a 20.0 6.5 5.6 4.1
Rent or royalties 6.3 5.6 6.7 3.1 0.8 3.5 6.9 a 8.5 4.4 3.2 2.1
Estates or trusts 0.7 0.3 0.5 0 0 0.1 0 a 0.6 0.2 0 0.5
Veterans' benefits 1.0 0.9 1.9 1.5 1.1 2.1 2.8 a 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.9
Unemployment compensation 4.1 3.5 1.4 3.1 3.1 1.8 0.7 a 1.4 3.6 4.3 2.3
Workers' compensation 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 1.7 a 0.7 1.7 0 0.5
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 14.7 16.7 14.6 29.4 37.3 34.5 4.9 a 23.1 27.1 23.5 30.2
Cash public assistance 8.1 7.9 5.3 14.7 19.1 17.3 2.8 a 15.4 17.4 16.9 15.8
Supplemental Security Income 6.6 7.6 5.0 12.6 17.9 15.5 2.7 a 13.8 13.9 15.2 14.9
Other 1.9 0.4 0.4 3.2 1.7 2.6 0.1 a 1.6 4.2 1.7 1.5
Noncash benefits 11.1 13.3 12.0 23.7 29.7 27.6 3.6 a 13.1 21.1 16.6 22.5
Food 7.9 8.8 5.1 17.1 20.2 15.7 3.3 a 5.7 15.2 12.0 13.1
Energy 2.8 3.1 3.4 5.7 4.8 6.2 0 a 1.6 4.2 1.7 3.8
Housing 4.1 6.2 6.8 10.5 18.2 15.3 0.3 a 9.3 10.1 8.8 10.7
Personal contributions 5.6 3.7 1.9 7.5 4.8 1.9 3.5 a 4.5 6.2 3.5 4.1
Number (thousands) 3,448 1,327 9,974 847 266 1,402 142 51 365 483 168 854
a. Fewer than 75,000 weighted cases.
Family Income Sources of Aged PersonsTable 2.B4 Percentage with family income from specified source, by family's Social Security beneficiary status and aged person's race, Hispanic origin, and age, 2006
Source of family income White alone Black alone Asian alone Hispanic origin
55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older
Persons in beneficiary families
Earnings 65.3 57.6 32.6 54.7 47.0 35.3 82.0 58.9 49.6 60.9 57.5 44.3
Wages and salaries 61.0 53.5 28.9 52.6 45.2 33.2 75.6 50.2 47.9 56.7 53.0 41.2
Self-employment 10.3 8.2 6.3 4.3 3.8 3.6 16.6 13.9 5.7 9.5 7.5 5.2
Retirement benefits 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Social Security 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Benefits other than Social Security 38.0 48.2 48.5 28.8 32.9 33.7 27.3 45.4 32.2 22.1 27.8 24.9
Other public pensions 14.2 17.8 15.7 13.4 16.1 14.1 8.1 11.9 13.8 9.1 10.7 8.7
Railroad Retirement 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.9 0 0.1 0 0 0.1 0.9 0 0
Government employee pensions 14.0 17.8 15.4 12.6 16.1 14.0 8.1 11.9 13.7 8.2 10.7 8.7
Military 2.3 3.0 2.4 0.4 3.0 1.4 1.6 1.3 2.6 0.5 1.6 0.7
Federal 3.4 3.0 3.5 3.7 7.3 4.7 0.6 6.6 4.9 1.4 2.9 3.3
State or local 9.1 12.5 10.2 8.4 7.2 8.6 6.7 4.0 6.9 6.3 7.9 5.3
Private pensions or annuities 26.2 33.1 35.7 19.6 19.0 21.9 19.5 35.8 20.9 13.1 18.0 17.9
Income from assets 56.3 64.1 64.5 28.6 30.4 29.5 65.0 61.3 61.8 28.7 35.7 33.0
Interest 53.7 60.9 61.9 28.0 29.0 27.4 60.9 60.0 59.1 25.8 33.3 31.3
Other income from assets 27.2 32.8 29.9 5.6 9.1 9.9 39.0 23.3 30.3 9.1 12.8 11.2
Dividends 23.4 27.7 25.4 4.9 6.8 6.8 33.6 21.7 23.4 4.7 6.7 7.7
Rent or royalties 7.8 9.1 9.0 1.7 4.4 4.7 14.3 6.3 12.3 5.5 8.1 5.2
Estates or trusts 0.2 0.2 0.3 0 0 0.1 1.7 0 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.1
Veterans' benefits 6.2 5.1 4.6 6.7 2.2 3.7 4.5 1.6 2.1 4.4 3.1 2.3
Unemployment compensation 3.6 3.1 1.3 3.8 2.5 1.9 3.1 0 1.3 2.6 5.7 2.4
Workers' compensation 2.7 1.4 0.6 1.5 0.7 0.9 6.9 2.7 1.1 1.8 1.5 0.5
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 11.9 8.7 8.0 31.1 26.0 25.0 21.6 15.3 14.2 26.0 20.3 21.5
Cash public assistance 5.9 4.1 2.8 14.4 8.9 10.6 15.8 6.6 7.7 15.6 12.1 10.6
Supplemental Security Income 5.4 4.0 2.6 13.0 8.2 9.3 14.7 6.6 7.1 14.9 11.2 9.7
Other 0.7 0.2 0.3 2.8 0.7 1.8 1.2 0 0.6 0.8 0.9 0.9
Noncash benefits 8.3 5.8 6.2 24.7 21.6 20.3 14.5 8.7 9.5 19.2 12.1 15.6
Food 5.1 3.6 2.4 18.8 13.4 11.1 11.5 5.5 3.1 15.5 9.4 8.3
Energy 3.1 1.8 2.1 4.3 2.1 4.3 2.0 3.2 2.9 4.4 1.8 3.2
Housing 2.6 2.2 3.2 9.0 12.4 10.5 6.0 1.3 6.5 8.9 4.4 7.3
Personal contributions 1.7 1.7 1.0 2.0 0.6 1.5 3.2 3.7 1.6 2.2 4.0 3.4
Number (thousands) 4,285 3,705 28,533 649 459 2,600 183 119 821 394 304 1,872
Persons in nonbeneficiary families
Earnings 91.8 87.8 61.4 86.4 72.3 53.8 95.3 93.8 69.8 90.0 84.2 76.8
Wages and salaries 87.7 83.4 57.2 83.4 70.7 52.0 89.9 85.3 66.6 84.6 81.4 71.0
Self-employment 15.8 14.8 10.1 8.6 5.2 3.6 17.8 20.8 8.9 13.8 11.3 11.6
Retirement benefits 16.1 23.7 28.2 15.2 23.9 25.5 8.7 12.8 14.1 7.4 8.6 9.3
Social Security 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Benefits other than Social Security 16.1 23.7 28.2 15.2 23.9 25.5 8.7 12.8 14.1 7.4 8.6 9.3
Other public pensions 8.1 11.4 17.2 7.2 8.9 16.1 3.1 9.1 7.5 4.0 5.1 4.3
Railroad Retirement 0.3 1.6 3.3 0 0.6 1.0 0 0 0 0 0.3 0.2
Government employee pensions 7.8 10.0 14.0 7.2 8.9 15.5 3.1 9.1 7.5 4.0 4.9 4.3
Military 1.7 1.6 1.2 1.2 0.8 0.5 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.6 1.9 1.3
Federal 1.6 2.1 7.1 2.6 2.8 9.8 1.2 2.2 4.9 1.0 0.9 1.7
State or local 4.8 6.7 6.1 3.5 5.7 7.2 1.0 6.3 2.5 2.5 2.1 1.3
Private pensions or annuities 8.5 13.2 12.5 8.5 15.1 10.7 5.6 3.7 6.6 3.8 4.6 5.0
Income from assets 65.9 65.3 51.2 37.3 30.9 32.1 58.9 61.0 43.5 29.5 25.4 19.2
Interest 63.6 63.3 50.3 36.0 29.6 30.6 55.7 56.8 41.3 27.0 25.0 18.3
Other income from assets 35.2 33.9 23.7 12.9 10.5 7.9 28.7 30.5 18.2 10.7 6.5 7.1
Dividends 30.6 29.7 19.5 10.1 9.4 4.2 24.3 27.8 16.8 7.2 5.5 5.4
Rent or royalties 10.5 10.4 8.5 4.7 4.1 4.8 8.3 9.6 4.2 4.4 2.0 2.4
Estates or trusts 0.4 0.3 0.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0 0.3
Veterans' benefits 2.9 1.9 1.6 3.8 1.1 3.1 1.2 1.1 1.8 0.8 0 1.0
Unemployment compensation 5.2 4.0 2.0 5.1 1.7 2.8 3.8 2.4 2.1 3.8 4.7 2.6
Workers' compensation 1.3 1.4 1.1 1.1 0.6 0.4 1.1 0.2 0.2 2.0 2.1 0.6
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 5.9 7.2 12.8 16.7 22.6 23.5 6.0 11.6 26.0 14.2 15.0 24.0
Cash public assistance 3.9 5.3 9.9 9.4 17.3 17.5 3.8 11.4 23.4 9.2 12.6 17.9
Supplemental Security Income 3.4 5.2 9.7 8.5 17.1 17.1 3.8 11.4 22.4 7.6 12.6 17.6
Other 0.5 0.1 0.4 1.6 0.7 1.8 0.2 0 1.0 1.8 0 1.1
Noncash benefits 3.3 3.9 8.6 11.9 16.6 15.6 2.8 2.7 9.1 9.8 7.1 15.9
Food 2.3 2.6 5.1 8.3 8.6 9.2 2.3 1.7 5.6 6.9 3.6 11.9
Energy 0.9 0.8 1.7 2.0 3.8 3.4 0.6 1.2 0.4 1.8 2.3 1.1
Housing 1.1 1.7 4.5 5.2 12.0 9.2 1.0 0.2 5.7 3.8 4.4 7.2
Personal contributions 1.9 1.7 2.2 4.3 3.8 1.2 1.9 1.6 2.0 2.7 1.1 2.1
Number (thousands) 16,170 2,994 2,738 1,794 311 484 789 159 361 1,633 307 557
 
Family Income Sources of Nonmarried Aged PersonsTable 2.B5 Percentage with family income from specified source, by sex, marital status, and age, 2006
Source of family income Widowed Divorced Never married
55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older
Men
Earnings 79.8 43.6 26.6 72.9 57.1 36.2 70.8 62.5 28.6
Wages and salaries 72.7 43.6 24.1 65.1 50.8 30.4 65.0 58.6 26.2
Self-employment 14.8 2.6 4.2 12.2 9.2 6.6 8.7 8.3 4.0
Retirement benefits 29.1 63.8 93.0 28.9 62.9 88.5 30.1 52.0 82.6
Social Security 14.1 53.7 89.2 20.4 51.8 85.9 22.5 40.8 80.4
Benefits other than Social Security 20.3 31.0 49.8 14.1 30.0 36.4 16.8 20.4 33.3
Other public pensions 9.8 4.9 15.5 5.8 12.2 10.8 9.4 7.8 11.6
Railroad Retirement 0.5 0 0.5 0.1 0.8 0.2 0.5 0 0.2
Government employee pensions 9.3 4.9 15.1 5.7 11.8 10.6 8.9 7.8 11.4
Military 2.7 1.0 2.5 1.5 3.5 2.1 1.3 1.6 1.1
Federal 1.8 0 4.7 1.5 2.6 3.6 2.9 4.9 4.0
State or local 4.7 3.9 8.1 2.9 6.5 5.0 5.1 1.7 6.2
Private pensions or annuities 11.7 26.1 35.9 9.2 18.8 25.9 7.9 12.7 22.2
Income from assets 46.5 40.0 55.1 46.2 52.7 51.2 49.7 42.7 47.5
Interest 43.2 36.0 52.8 43.1 50.4 49.5 47.1 38.1 44.2
Other income from assets 23.8 18.3 22.3 19.4 19.9 23.1 21.3 19.1 22.0
Dividends 22.1 14.6 18.5 16.0 17.7 19.2 19.7 16.0 18.8
Rent or royalties 7.8 6.8 7.1 5.8 7.1 5.7 5.9 5.6 6.0
Estates or trusts 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.4 0 0.6
Veterans' benefits 5.1 2.9 7.9 6.5 7.6 5.7 2.0 4.1 1.5
Unemployment compensation 2.9 4.3 1.3 3.9 1.7 1.4 3.4 2.9 0.8
Workers' compensation 0 1.4 0.4 1.0 2.7 1.9 1.3 1.5 0.9
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 13.6 26.3 10.9 13.6 11.4 13.3 17.4 20.8 17.0
Cash public assistance 10.8 16.7 4.4 7.5 4.2 4.0 8.4 10.9 6.3
Supplemental Security Income 10.8 16.7 3.9 6.9 3.9 4.0 8.3 10.8 6.3
Other 1.3 0 0.6 0.6 0.3 0 0.4 0.8 0
Noncash benefits 6.6 20.1 8.6 10.5 9.3 11.7 12.1 14.6 12.8
Food 5.6 12.2 3.4 6.7 6.6 5.0 6.5 3.5 4.1
Energy 1.4 2.9 2.4 2.6 1.0 4.3 3.7 5.0 1.0
Housing 1.4 10.1 4.2 4.8 4.2 6.6 5.5 9.9 9.7
Personal contributions 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.9 0.4 1.4 2.2 1.8 0.4
Number (thousands) 209 126 2,022 1,682 465 1,166 849 212 624
Women
Earnings 71.8 59.7 27.4 81.6 68.0 42.2 73.6 52.9 36.3
Wages and salaries 69.8 57.8 25.6 78.4 64.7 39.4 70.5 50.9 32.9
Self-employment 7.0 3.8 3.1 7.6 7.0 4.5 6.5 7.4 5.0
Retirement benefits 44.5 71.2 94.5 23.6 49.6 89.3 32.5 58.3 80.7
Social Security 28.1 64.2 92.1 16.7 42.6 86.6 20.1 47.9 76.6
Benefits other than Social Security 25.1 25.6 36.9 10.6 20.3 32.9 17.8 24.6 29.2
Other public pensions 10.6 11.2 13.5 5.6 9.8 13.5 9.8 10.8 13.5
Railroad Retirement 0 1.6 0.6 0.1 0.1 0.2 0 0 0.3
Government employee pensions 10.6 10.1 12.9 5.5 9.7 13.3 9.8 10.8 13.2
Military 1.6 0 2.0 0.5 0.1 0.9 1.0 1.8 0.8
Federal 2.8 1.6 3.9 1.5 2.7 2.3 0.9 2.0 4.2
State or local 6.2 8.8 7.8 3.5 7.6 10.0 7.9 7.2 8.3
Private pensions or annuities 16.1 16.4 25.1 5.4 10.5 19.7 8.6 17.1 16.7
Income from assets 45.7 51.9 52.9 49.2 50.9 47.6 48.5 43.4 50.2
Interest 44.9 48.6 50.6 46.6 49.9 44.6 46.4 43.2 50.0
Other income from assets 20.0 21.3 21.7 21.0 20.4 18.2 20.1 17.5 15.6
Dividends 16.9 17.9 17.5 16.8 17.9 15.2 18.8 16.2 12.9
Rent or royalties 6.2 6.0 7.1 6.8 5.2 4.8 3.0 2.6 3.3
Estates or trusts 1.3 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.1 1.2
Veterans' benefits 2.7 2.0 2.3 0.6 0.1 0.6 1.0 1.5 1.2
Unemployment compensation 4.5 3.0 1.3 4.2 4.4 2.0 2.3 1.4 0.6
Workers' compensation 0.6 1.6 0.7 1.1 0.6 0.8 0.9 0 0.5
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 17.7 17.7 15.4 16.1 18.8 22.1 17.9 28.4 20.7
Cash public assistance 9.0 8.5 6.0 8.7 8.4 7.8 10.1 18.1 11.7
Supplemental Security Income 6.8 8.2 5.6 7.4 7.6 7.5 8.5 18.1 10.4
Other 2.6 0.3 0.5 1.6 1.0 0.4 2.2 0.7 2.1
Noncash benefits 14.0 13.0 12.3 12.8 15.1 19.1 12.0 21.0 16.3
Food 10.6 7.8 5.6 9.6 11.2 8.9 6.4 14.0 7.4
Energy 3.6 3.2 3.7 3.1 2.5 4.5 3.0 9.0 2.6
Housing 4.7 6.9 6.5 4.6 7.7 12.3 6.5 10.0 11.9
Personal contributions 2.1 3.0 1.6 7.7 5.1 3.8 2.7 0.7 1.0
Number (thousands) 934 579 8,690 2,305 765 1,978 887 215 766
 
Family Income Sources of Persons 65 or OlderTable 2.B6 Percentage with family income from specified source, by number of persons in family and quintile of per-capita family total money income, 2006
Source of family income Total First Second Third Fourth Fifth
All persons
Earnings 36.2 18.6 22.6 32.3 46.7 60.8
Wages and salaries 32.7 16.8 20.5 29.4 42.7 53.9
Self-employment 6.4 2.7 3.6 4.8 7.5 13.4
Retirement benefits 92.6 83.9 96.0 96.3 94.7 92.0
Social Security 89.9 80.8 94.3 94.7 91.7 87.9
Benefits other than Social Security 44.7 14.6 32.2 55.0 62.3 59.5
Other public pensions 15.6 4.2 7.9 15.2 22.5 28.1
Railroad Retirement 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.6
Government employee pensions 15.1 3.9 7.3 14.8 21.9 27.5
Military 2.2 0.3 0.7 1.7 3.5 4.9
Federal 4.0 1.1 2.2 4.4 5.7 6.7
State or local 9.6 2.5 4.5 9.0 13.9 18.0
Private pensions or annuities 31.9 10.6 25.4 42.5 43.7 37.0
Income from assets 60.1 29.3 48.4 63.6 74.3 84.9
Interest 57.6 27.8 46.3 60.9 71.1 82.1
Other income from assets 27.5 7.2 15.6 25.4 35.2 53.9
Dividends 23.1 5.5 11.7 20.8 29.7 47.6
Rent or royalties 8.7 2.4 5.0 7.2 10.9 17.8
Estates or trusts 0.3 0 0 0.2 0.3 0.8
Veterans' benefits 4.2 1.7 3.3 4.8 5.9 5.3
Unemployment compensation 1.4 0.8 1.4 1.5 1.8 1.7
Workers' compensation 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.6 1.1
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 10.2 26.8 13.5 6.7 2.5 1.7
Cash public assistance 4.5 12.6 4.4 2.9 1.4 1.3
Supplemental Security Income 4.2 11.7 4.2 2.7 1.2 1.2
Other 0.4 1.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.1
Noncash benefits 7.7 21.8 10.8 4.2 1.4 0.5
Food 3.4 12.8 3.1 0.8 0.4 0.1
Energy 2.3 5.8 3.9 1.3 0.3 0.1
Housing 4.0 10.4 5.8 2.5 0.9 0.4
Personal contributions 1.2 2.1 1.2 1.0 0.7 0.7
Number (thousands) 36,035 7,197 7,215 7,206 7,210 7,206
Persons in 1-person families
Earnings 16.1 2.9 5.3 10.8 22.9 41.2
Wages and salaries 14.2 2.3 4.6 9.4 20.3 36.4
Self-employment 2.3 0.9 0.7 1.6 2.7 6.1
Retirement benefits 93.6 84.4 98.1 97.9 95.7 92.0
Social Security 90.8 81.9 96.3 96.3 93.1 86.2
Benefits other than Social Security 38.7 9.9 19.4 44.8 62.1 61.3
Other public pensions 13.4 3.2 5.3 10.3 19.4 30.7
Railroad Retirement 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.4
Government employee pensions 13.0 3.0 4.8 10.0 18.8 30.3
Military 1.9 0.4 0.5 0.8 3.2 5.0
Federal 3.7 0.7 1.7 3.5 5.1 8.0
State or local 7.8 1.8 2.6 5.8 10.7 19.1
Private pensions or annuities 26.4 6.7 14.2 35.0 44.0 34.6
Income from assets 52.5 24.0 38.1 56.4 68.9 79.0
Interest 50.3 22.7 36.2 54.1 66.2 76.1
Other income from assets 20.8 4.9 8.7 18.2 31.2 43.7
Dividends 17.0 3.9 6.4 14.0 25.5 37.8
Rent or royalties 6.3 1.7 2.7 4.8 9.6 13.3
Estates or trusts 0.4 0 0 0.1 0.6 1.3
Veterans' benefits 3.1 1.0 1.7 3.3 5.2 4.8
Unemployment compensation 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.3 1.0
Workers' compensation 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.2 1.2
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 14.9 35.5 21.2 10.4 3.5 1.8
Cash public assistance 4.2 13.9 3.2 1.8 0.7 0.6
Supplemental Security Income 4.1 13.6 3.2 1.7 0.7 0.6
Other 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1 0 0
Noncash benefits 13.6 31.9 20.1 9.4 3.2 1.5
Food 4.9 16.4 5.3 1.1 0.7 0.3
Energy 3.6 8.1 6.0 2.5 0.7 0.2
Housing 9.1 20.1 13.6 7.0 2.2 1.3
Personal contributions 1.2 2.0 1.7 0.8 0.6 0.9
Number (thousands) 11,826 2,457 2,521 2,287 2,322 2,240
Persons in 2-person families
Earnings 35.6 11.1 18.0 29.8 48.2 65.1
Wages and salaries 30.9 9.4 15.1 26.2 42.4 56.5
Self-employment 7.5 2.0 3.8 4.9 8.8 16.6
Retirement benefits 94.3 87.4 97.7 97.3 95.9 92.5
Social Security 91.8 83.8 96.2 96.1 92.9 89.2
Benefits other than Social Security 50.9 17.0 40.8 64.3 66.9 60.6
Other public pensions 17.7 5.1 9.4 18.5 24.9 28.1
Railroad Retirement 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6
Government employee pensions 17.2 4.6 8.8 17.9 24.5 27.6
Military 2.5 0.3 0.9 2.1 4.0 4.9
Federal 4.3 1.1 2.1 5.0 6.2 6.4
State or local 11.3 3.4 5.9 11.2 15.9 18.5
Private pensions or annuities 36.8 12.1 33.0 49.7 46.8 39.1
Income from assets 66.9 34.6 56.5 69.6 79.2 88.7
Interest 64.3 33.5 54.4 66.4 75.6 86.0
Other income from assets 32.9 8.8 20.6 30.6 39.5 59.7
Dividends 28.1 7.0 16.0 25.4 33.5 53.5
Rent or royalties 10.5 2.4 6.2 8.9 12.8 20.3
Estates or trusts 0.2 0 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.5
Veterans' benefits 5.0 2.0 4.4 5.7 7.1 5.5
Unemployment compensation 1.1 0.3 1.1 0.8 1.4 1.6
Workers' compensation 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.8
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 6.0 18.9 7.8 3.2 1.3 0.7
Cash public assistance 3.0 9.3 3.3 2.0 0.9 0.6
Supplemental Security Income 2.9 9.1 3.2 1.9 0.7 0.6
Other 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.2 0
Noncash benefits 4.1 14.1 5.8 1.5 0.6 0.1
Food 1.7 7.3 1.1 0.3 0.3 0.1
Energy 1.7 4.8 3.3 0.9 0.1 0
Housing 1.6 6.1 1.9 0.3 0.3 0
Personal contributions 0.4 0.9 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.4
Number (thousands) 18,997 3,400 3,699 3,922 3,789 4,187
Persons in families of 3 or more
Earnings 83.9 66.5 83.6 91.0 92.0 94.1
Wages and salaries 80.9 62.1 80.7 88.0 90.8 90.8
Self-employment 11.6 7.6 10.3 11.7 13.1 17.6
Retirement benefits 84.0 74.0 84.5 88.5 88.2 89.0
Social Security 81.2 71.5 82.4 85.5 85.0 85.7
Benefits other than Social Security 35.9 17.2 32.4 42.1 47.2 48.7
Other public pensions 12.6 3.8 8.6 13.5 20.6 20.5
Railroad Retirement 0.5 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.7 1.4
Government employee pensions 12.2 3.8 8.2 13.4 19.9 19.1
Military 1.8 0.3 0.5 1.9 2.7 4.6
Federal 3.8 1.9 3.9 4.2 5.5 4.1
State or local 7.3 1.6 4.3 7.6 13.3 11.9
Private pensions or annuities 26.2 14.1 25.1 31.7 32.4 32.9
Income from assets 52.7 25.4 44.4 57.1 69.1 81.4
Interest 49.9 22.4 41.3 55.0 66.1 78.4
Other income from assets 22.6 7.3 14.5 21.6 29.0 51.8
Dividends 18.4 4.6 9.3 18.3 25.7 43.6
Rent or royalties 7.4 3.3 6.7 5.9 7.5 17.2
Estates or trusts 0.1 0 0 0.2 0 0.5
Veterans' benefits 3.6 2.0 3.4 4.7 3.2 6.0
Unemployment compensation 5.1 3.3 6.0 6.5 6.2 3.9
Workers' compensation 1.7 0.9 2.5 1.8 1.2 2.6
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 15.2 31.0 15.6 11.9 4.5 6.9
Cash public assistance 10.7 18.5 11.3 9.4 4.5 6.9
Supplemental Security Income 9.1 14.5 10.5 8.3 4.0 6.1
Other 2.2 5.7 1.0 1.3 0.7 0.8
Noncash benefits 7.6 22.9 6.2 2.6 0 0.1
Food 6.5 20.0 5.1 2.1 0 0
Energy 1.2 4.0 0.9 0.2 0 0
Housing 1.2 3.7 0.7 0.4 0 0.1
Personal contributions 3.9 5.5 3.8 4.9 2.7 1.8
Number (thousands) 5,212 1,340 995 998 1,100 779
NOTE: Per-capita family total money income quintile limits are $10,466, $15,183, $21,411, and $34,193.
Family Income Sources of Persons 65 or OlderTable 2.B7 Percentage with family income from specified source, by sex and ratio of family total money income to the poverty threshold, 2006
Source of family income All persons Men Women
Under 1.00 1.00– 1.24 1.25– 1.49 1.50– 1.99 2.00 or more Under 1.00 1.00– 1.24 1.25– 1.49 1.50– 1.99 2.00 or more Under 1.00 1.00– 1.24 1.25– 1.49 1.50– 1.99 2.00 or more
Earnings 9.3 10.3 14.2 18.8 48.5 13.3 13.6 13.7 18.4 50.0 7.6 8.7 14.4 19.0 47.2
Wages and salaries 8.0 9.2 13.0 16.3 43.9 12.2 11.7 12.6 15.5 45.1 6.2 7.9 13.2 16.8 42.9
Self-employment 1.6 1.5 1.8 3.1 8.7 1.9 2.2 1.6 3.6 9.8 1.4 1.2 1.9 2.8 7.7
Retirement benefits 76.7 92.5 95.6 96.5 93.8 66.6 91.0 94.3 96.5 93.2 81.1 93.2 96.2 96.5 94.3
Social Security 73.2 89.9 93.5 94.8 91.0 63.0 88.0 91.9 94.9 90.2 77.7 90.9 94.2 94.7 91.7
Benefits other than Social Security 10.1 12.5 20.6 33.4 57.8 9.1 10.8 17.9 30.7 59.0 10.5 13.3 21.8 35.1 56.6
Other public pensions 2.8 4.5 5.9 7.6 21.2 1.5 3.8 5.8 6.2 20.4 3.3 4.8 6.0 8.4 21.8
Railroad Retirement 0.1 1.0 0.4 0.5 0.6 0 1.1 0.8 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.9 0.1 0.6 0.6
Government employee pensions 2.6 3.5 5.7 7.1 20.7 1.4 2.7 5.0 5.9 20.0 3.2 3.9 6.0 7.8 21.3
Military 0.2 0.6 0.2 0.5 3.2 0 0.7 0.2 0.7 3.2 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.4 3.3
Federal 0.7 1.0 1.5 2.6 5.4 0.4 0.5 1.2 2.5 5.3 0.9 1.3 1.6 2.7 5.5
State or local 1.7 2.1 4.0 3.9 13.2 1.0 1.8 3.6 2.7 12.6 2.0 2.2 4.1 4.7 13.8
Private pensions or annuities 7.3 8.0 14.8 26.6 40.6 7.6 7.0 12.0 25.6 42.4 7.2 8.5 16.0 27.2 39.0
Income from assets 25.4 28.9 39.5 46.6 73.1 25.1 22.6 36.7 45.5 73.2 25.6 31.9 40.8 47.3 73.0
Interest 24.3 27.1 37.5 44.2 70.3 23.1 21.5 34.9 43.2 70.4 24.9 29.9 38.7 44.8 70.3
Other income from assets 5.6 5.8 9.5 15.7 37.0 6.6 3.8 8.8 14.9 37.6 5.1 6.8 9.9 16.2 36.6
Dividends 4.6 4.1 6.5 11.6 31.6 5.1 2.8 5.0 10.8 32.3 4.4 4.8 7.3 12.1 31.0
Rent or royalties 1.6 2.0 3.5 4.7 11.7 1.9 1.0 4.6 5.2 11.6 1.5 2.4 3.0 4.4 11.8
Estates or trusts 0 0 0 0 0.4 0 0 0 0 0.2 0 0 0 0 0.6
Veterans' benefits 1.2 2.4 1.5 3.1 5.4 1.3 5.1 2.7 3.7 5.9 1.1 1.1 0.9 2.7 4.8
Unemployment compensation 0.5 0.4 0.4 1.0 1.9 0.4 0.4 0.9 0.7 1.9 0.5 0.4 0.2 1.3 1.8
Workers' compensation 0.2 0.4 0 0.7 0.8 0.1 0.7 0 0.6 0.9 0.3 0.3 0 0.8 0.8
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 31.3 28.3 19.9 13.1 3.8 26.3 28.0 18.1 10.7 3.3 33.4 28.5 20.7 14.5 4.3
Cash public assistance 14.1 9.9 5.7 5.3 2.3 12.3 8.3 6.9 3.7 2.0 14.9 10.6 5.2 6.3 2.5
Supplemental Security Income 13.2 9.3 5.4 4.9 2.1 11.7 7.9 6.5 3.5 1.8 13.8 10.0 4.9 5.8 2.4
Other 1.4 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.2 0.2 1.7 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.2
Noncash benefits 27.4 23.9 17.0 10.0 1.9 23.5 24.2 14.2 8.1 1.5 29.1 23.8 18.2 11.1 2.2
Food 17.1 11.0 4.9 3.1 0.6 14.8 12.9 3.8 1.6 0.5 18.0 10.1 5.5 4.0 0.8
Energy 7.4 6.8 5.5 2.9 0.6 6.3 7.3 6.0 2.1 0.5 7.9 6.5 5.3 3.4 0.7
Housing 14.6 12.7 9.9 5.2 0.8 12.0 10.5 7.1 4.9 0.5 15.6 13.9 11.2 5.4 1.0
Personal contributions 1.8 2.3 1.7 1.2 0.9 1.7 1.4 1.3 0.8 0.7 1.8 2.7 1.9 1.4 1.1
Number (thousands) 3,394 2,245 2,417 4,765 23,215 1,020 743 770 1,792 11,118 2,373 1,502 1,647 2,974 12,097
NOTE: The family money income of aged persons is compared with the official poverty lines of families in 2006.
Family Income Sources of Persons 65 or Older in Beneficiary FamiliesTable 2.B8 Percentage with family income from specified source, by proportion of family income from Social Security and sex, 2006
Source of family income Proportion of family income from Social Security
Less than 50 percent 50–89 percent 90–99 percent 100 percent
All persons Men Women All persons Men Women All persons Men Women All persons Men Women
Earnings 59.2 60.6 58.0 19.6 21.7 18.2 4.0 5.2 3.3 0 0 0
Wages and salaries 53.6 54.6 52.6 16.6 18.1 15.6 3.7 4.7 3.2 0 0 0
Self-employment 11.0 12.3 9.9 3.4 4.1 3.0 0.3 0.5 0.2 0 0 0
Retirement benefits 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Social Security 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Benefits other than Social Security 58.6 61.2 56.4 59.8 62.4 58.0 19.8 20.8 19.3 0 0 0
Other public pensions 25.8 25.3 26.2 11.8 10.9 12.5 1.6 1.7 1.5 0 0 0
Railroad Retirement 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0 0.1 0 0 0
Government employee pensions 25.3 24.9 25.7 11.6 10.7 12.2 1.5 1.7 1.4 0 0 0
Military 4.2 4.4 4.0 1.4 1.3 1.5 0.1 0 0.1 0 0 0
Federal 6.9 6.7 7.1 1.7 1.2 2.0 0 0 0 0 0 0
State or local 15.8 15.3 16.3 8.6 8.3 8.8 1.4 1.7 1.2 0 0 0
Private pensions or annuities 37.8 40.7 35.4 49.9 53.6 47.2 18.3 19.0 17.8 0 0 0
Income from assets 74.3 75.8 73.0 66.2 66.6 65.8 80.3 78.5 81.3 0 0 0
Interest 70.9 72.3 69.8 62.9 63.3 62.7 77.5 75.3 78.7 0 0 0
Other income from assets 40.3 41.9 38.9 27.6 27.9 27.3 15.3 17.7 13.9 0 0 0
Dividends 34.2 35.9 32.7 22.7 23.1 22.5 12.0 13.4 11.2 0 0 0
Rent or royalties 13.5 13.7 13.5 7.3 7.7 7.1 4.0 5.2 3.4 0 0 0
Estates or trusts 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.1 0 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Veterans' benefits 6.0 6.7 5.4 4.9 6.2 4.0 2.5 3.5 1.9 0 0 0
Unemployment compensation 2.6 2.7 2.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0 0.1 0 0 0 0
Workers' compensation 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.1 0 0.1 0 0 0
Cash public assistance and noncash benefits 5.7 4.4 6.9 10.6 7.9 12.5 13.7 10.5 15.5 17.4 13.7 19.4
Cash public assistance 3.7 2.9 4.3 5.2 3.5 6.4 3.6 2.4 4.2 0 0 0
Supplemental Security Income 3.3 2.6 3.9 4.9 3.4 6.0 3.2 2.4 3.7 0 0 0
Other 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.6 0 0 0
Noncash benefits 3.1 2.0 4.0 7.9 6.0 9.4 12.6 9.6 14.3 17.4 13.7 19.4
Food 1.5 0.9 2.0 3.5 2.3 4.3 4.3 3.2 5.0 7.2 5.6 8.1
Energy 0.9 0.5 1.3 2.6 2.2 2.9 4.7 4.5 4.7 4.5 3.7 4.9
Housing 1.2 0.8 1.5 3.6 2.8 4.2 6.9 3.6 8.8 10.9 7.9 12.5
Personal contributions 1.4 1.1 1.6 1.2 0.6 1.6 0.6 0.3 0.8 0 0 0
Number (thousands) 14,772 6,848 7,924 9,821 4,084 5,737 3,031 1,106 1,924 4,691 1,655 3,037
NOTE: Persons in families with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.