Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2010

 

Key Terms and Concepts for Section 9 1

Age. Age classification is based on the age of the person at his or her last birthday as of March 2011. A married couple's age is defined as the age of the husband—unless he is under age 55 and the wife is 55 or older, in which case it is the age of the wife.

Aged unit. With age 55 as the cutoff, aged units are defined as married couples living together—at least one of whom is 55 or older—and nonmarried persons 55 or older.

Marital status. Married persons are married and living with their spouse. Nonmarried persons may be divorced, widowed, never married, separated, or married but living apart from their spouse.

Race. The categories White alone, Black alone, and Asian alone reflect respondents who reported only one race. Because of changes to the race category, data on race are not directly comparable to editions prior to 2002. A person's race is his or her reported race. A married couple's race is defined as the race of the husband.

Hispanic origin. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. A married couple is of Hispanic origin if the husband is of Hispanic origin.

Family. A family is a group of two or more people (one of whom is the householder) related by birth, marriage, or adoption and residing together; all such people (including related subfamily members) are considered as members of one family.

Social Security beneficiary. A beneficiary may be receiving retired-worker benefits, dependents' or survivor benefits, disability benefits, or transitionally insured benefits.

Per capita income. Per capita income is total family income divided by the number of persons in the family.

Relative Importance of Income Source. The relative importance of a source is the ratio of the amount of income from a given source to total income for an aged unit or family. These tables are distributions of persons or aged units by the importance of a given source at the individual unit level.

Poverty. The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to detect who is poor. If a family's total income is less than that family's threshold, then that family, and every individual in it, is considered poor. The poverty thresholds do not vary geographically, but they are updated annually for inflation with the Consumer Price Index (CPI-U). The official poverty definition counts money income before taxes and excludes capital gains and noncash benefits (such as public housing, Medicaid, and food stamps).

Notes

1 For more information, consult the Glossary for this report.

Tables

Relative Importance of Social Security for Beneficiary Aged Units Table 9.A1 Percentage distribution of beneficiary units, by age, 2010
Proportion of income Aged 55–61 Aged 62–64 Aged 65 or older
Total 65–69 70–74 75–79 80 or older
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
1–19 19.2 25.0 9.4 16.7 9.8 6.2 5.4
20–39 17.7 23.4 16.5 22.5 18.7 15.1 11.1
40–59 12.3 15.6 16.7 18.0 17.6 17.2 14.8
60–79 9.6 8.7 14.0 11.7 13.4 16.1 15.0
80 or more 41.2 27.4 43.4 31.1 40.5 45.4 53.7
50 or more 56.7 43.6 65.3 50.6 62.2 69.6 76.5
90 or more 36.9 24.7 36.3 26.2 33.2 37.9 45.2
100 29.1 18.6 23.7 17.5 22.9 24.2 28.7
Mean proportion 60.6 50.6 66.0 55.5 63.9 68.9 73.8
Number (thousands) 2,489 3,067 25,395 6,408 5,870 4,795 8,322
NOTES: Units with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or food stamps) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Social Security for Beneficiary Aged Units Table 9.A2 Percentage distribution of beneficiary units, by marital status and age, 2010
Proportion of income Married couples Nonmarried persons
55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older
Total 65–69 70–74 75–79 80 or older Total 65–69 70–74 75–79 80 or older
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
1–19 34.5 37.5 14.2 24.6 13.1 8.2 6.8 4.2 11.0 6.0 8.8 6.7 4.7 4.8
20–39 25.3 30.2 22.5 27.4 24.5 20.0 15.9 10.3 15.7 12.2 17.5 13.2 11.3 9.1
40–59 13.0 14.1 19.3 18.7 20.2 18.4 19.9 11.6 17.2 14.9 17.3 15.2 16.3 12.8
60–79 6.9 5.3 15.0 10.5 14.8 18.9 18.0 12.2 12.5 13.2 12.9 12.0 13.8 13.8
80 or more 20.3 12.8 28.9 18.8 27.4 34.6 39.4 61.7 43.6 53.7 43.5 53.0 53.8 59.5
50 or more 32.8 24.3 53.1 37.4 51.4 62.6 67.8 80.0 65.1 74.1 63.9 72.4 75.2 79.9
90 or more 18.2 10.6 22.5 14.3 21.5 27.6 30.4 55.1 40.4 46.1 38.2 44.4 46.0 51.2
100 14.3 7.3 12.3 8.0 12.4 16.1 14.7 43.5 31.3 31.8 27.1 32.8 30.5 34.3
Mean proportion 42.3 36.3 55.9 45.0 55.4 62.4 65.5 78.5 66.5 73.1 66.2 72.0 74.0 77.1
Number (thousands) 1,232 1,618 10,564 3,224 2,855 2,104 2,381 1,257 1,449 14,831 3,184 3,015 2,691 5,940
NOTES: Units with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or food stamps) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Social Security for Beneficiary Units 65 or Older Table 9.A3 Percentage distribution of beneficiary units, by race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 2010
Proportion of income White alone Black alone Asian alone Hispanic origin
All units Married couples Nonmarried persons All units Married couples Nonmarried persons All units Married couples Nonmarried persons All units Married couples Nonmarried persons
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
1–19 9.6 14.2 6.2 6.8 12.5 4.6 11.5 16.4 6.7 5.2 8.7 3.4
20–39 16.9 22.5 12.7 12.8 24.6 8.5 15.9 19.2 12.7 11.2 16.1 8.5
40–59 17.1 19.6 15.2 13.3 14.9 12.7 14.4 16.4 12.4 11.9 15.3 10.1
60–79 14.4 15.3 13.7 12.0 15.7 10.6 9.5 9.5 9.5 11.7 14.9 10.0
80 or more 42.0 28.4 52.2 55.1 32.3 63.6 48.7 38.5 58.7 60.0 44.9 68.0
50 or more 64.5 53.0 73.2 73.6 54.3 80.8 64.5 57.2 71.7 77.1 68.5 81.7
90 or more 34.7 21.9 44.3 49.4 28.2 57.3 41.7 31.6 51.6 55.1 40.5 62.9
100 21.3 11.3 28.9 42.2 22.8 49.5 32.9 23.1 42.6 44.7 30.6 52.2
Mean proportion 65.1 55.7 72.2 73.7 58.4 79.4 67.2 59.6 74.8 77.0 68.2 81.8
Number (thousands) 22,020 9,446 12,574 2,328 632 1,696 664 330 334 1,636 570 1,066
NOTES: Units with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or food stamps) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Social Security for Beneficiary Units 65 or Older Table 9.A4 Percentage distribution of beneficiary units, by marital status and quintile of total money income, 2010
Proportion of income All units Married couples Nonmarried persons
First Second Third Fourth Fifth First Second Third Fourth Fifth First Second Third Fourth Fifth
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
1–19 0.7 0.9 2.5 7.0 37.4 1.0 1.9 4.6 13.7 53.7 0.5 0.9 0.7 3.8 25.6
20–39 1.3 2.1 7.7 25.6 46.5 3.0 6.0 17.2 46.1 41.7 1.4 0.8 2.5 11.8 46.4
40–59 2.9 5.4 22.4 36.8 13.8 4.8 11.4 39.8 33.6 3.9 2.2 3.3 7.8 36.0 23.2
60–79 6.9 13.3 24.4 21.0 1.7 8.1 28.1 30.3 5.0 0.5 6.9 6.6 18.2 28.4 2.9
80 or more 88.2 78.3 43.0 9.5 0.6 83.0 52.5 8.1 1.6 0.2 89.0 88.5 70.8 20.1 1.9
50 or more 97.1 94.7 80.2 47.4 6.2 94.2 86.8 61.4 17.1 1.8 97.3 97.4 93.3 68.4 11.2
90 or more 82.3 66.0 32.0 4.8 0.4 73.6 36.7 2.8 0.9 0.2 84.2 80.5 55.2 12.7 1.6
100 63.8 42.1 15.4 1.8 0.1 48.3 13.8 0.9 0.4 0 67.3 58.9 31.6 5.4 1.3
Mean proportion 93.9 88.8 71.6 50.2 25.9 90.1 76.9 54.1 36.5 20.0 94.3 93.6 85.5 60.3 31.6
Number (thousands) 4,276 5,566 5,467 5,242 4,844 1,990 2,252 2,235 2,154 1,934 2,233 3,307 3,328 3,191 2,772
NOTES: Units with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
Quintile limits are $12,554, $20,145, $32,602, and $57,957 for all units; $24,970, $36,967, $54,360, and $86,754 for married couples; and $10,037, $14,525, $20,433, and $34,417 for nonmarried persons.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or food stamps) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Social Security for Persons in Beneficiary Families Table 9.B1 Percentage distribution of persons in beneficiary families, by sex and age, 2010
Proportion of family income All persons Men Women
Aged 55–61 Aged 62–64 Aged 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
1–19 33.0 31.0 14.2 32.8 35.5 15.6 33.2 27.5 13.1
20–39 27.1 26.3 20.9 23.5 27.0 23.1 29.4 25.8 19.2
40–59 12.3 15.8 17.8 12.0 14.8 19.1 12.5 16.4 16.8
60–79 7.2 8.5 13.9 7.3 7.1 13.5 7.1 9.6 14.2
80 or more 20.4 18.5 33.2 24.3 15.6 28.7 17.8 20.6 36.6
50 or more 32.9 34.0 55.3 36.9 29.1 51.0 30.3 37.7 58.5
90 or more 17.2 15.7 26.6 21.4 13.5 22.9 14.5 17.3 29.4
100 13.1 11.0 15.4 16.3 9.5 13.2 11.0 12.2 17.1
Mean proportion 42.4 42.8 58.2 45.3 39.6 55.0 40.5 45.3 60.6
Number (thousands) 5,545 5,178 34,192 2,163 2,236 14,786 3,382 2,942 19,407
NOTES: Persons in families with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or food stamps) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Social Security for Persons 65 or Older in Beneficiary Families Table 9.B2 Percentage distribution of persons in beneficiary families, by sex and age, 2010
Proportion of family income All persons Men Women
65–69 70–74 75–79 80 or older 65–69 70–74 75–79 80 or older 65–69 70–74 75–79 80 or older
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
1–19 20.8 12.9 11.2 10.8 23.1 13.8 11.2 11.9 18.8 12.2 11.2 10.0
20–39 25.6 22.8 19.3 15.8 26.8 25.2 21.4 18.1 24.5 20.7 17.7 14.4
40–59 18.4 18.4 19.0 15.8 19.0 18.9 19.3 19.2 17.9 18.0 18.7 13.7
60–79 11.6 14.0 14.7 15.6 10.0 14.1 15.2 15.7 13.0 14.0 14.3 15.5
80 or more 23.7 31.9 35.9 42.0 21.1 28.0 33.0 35.2 25.8 35.1 38.1 46.4
50 or more 43.0 54.7 59.1 65.4 39.0 51.2 57.1 60.4 46.4 57.7 60.6 68.5
90 or more 19.1 24.9 28.8 33.9 16.8 22.3 26.6 28.0 21.1 27.1 30.4 37.7
100 11.0 15.8 16.5 18.7 10.0 13.8 16.0 14.2 11.8 17.6 16.9 21.6
Mean proportion 49.7 57.8 61.1 65.0 46.8 55.3 59.6 61.0 52.1 59.9 62.3 67.6
Number (thousands) 9,680 8,277 6,429 9,807 4,420 3,757 2,797 3,812 5,260 4,520 3,632 5,995
NOTES: Persons in families with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or food stamps) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Social Security for Persons 65 or Older in Beneficiary Families Table 9.B3 Percentage distribution of persons in beneficiary families, by sex and marital status, 2010
Proportion of family income All persons Men Women
Married Nonmarried Married Nonmarried Married Nonmarried
Total Widowed Divorced Never married Total Widowed Divorced Never married Total Widowed Divorced Never married
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
1–19 14.8 13.4 13.4 11.9 15.3 16.0 14.7 16.9 10.6 16.9 13.4 12.9 12.6 12.7 14.0
20–39 23.8 17.2 15.8 20.1 19.9 24.9 18.8 19.5 20.1 15.4 22.5 16.6 15.0 20.1 23.7
40–59 19.7 15.3 14.4 17.7 15.6 19.4 18.2 17.8 19.5 17.3 20.1 14.1 13.6 16.4 14.2
60–79 15.0 12.6 13.3 11.5 12.3 14.3 11.3 12.5 9.8 12.5 15.7 13.0 13.5 12.7 12.2
80 or more 26.7 41.5 43.0 38.9 36.9 25.4 37.0 33.3 40.1 37.9 28.3 43.3 45.4 38.1 36.0
50 or more 50.7 61.1 63.2 58.0 57.2 48.6 57.0 54.4 59.0 60.7 53.3 62.7 65.3 57.3 54.3
90 or more 20.5 34.3 35.2 32.6 29.7 19.5 31.5 27.3 34.5 33.9 21.9 35.3 37.2 31.3 26.2
100 10.4 21.8 21.7 21.7 20.0 10.0 21.1 17.5 23.6 20.2 10.9 22.1 22.7 20.4 19.9
Mean proportion 54.4 63.0 64.2 61.7 59.6 53.0 60.2 57.6 62.7 61.1 56.2 64.2 65.8 61.0 58.4
Number (thousands) 19,178 15,014 9,590 3,456 1,253 10,549 4,237 1,887 1,387 577 8,629 10,778 7,703 2,069 676
NOTES: Persons in families with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or food stamps) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Social Security for Persons 65 or Older in Beneficiary Families Table 9.B4 Percentage distribution of persons in beneficiary families, by race, Hispanic origin, and sex, 2010
Proportion of family income White alone Black alone Asian alone Hispanic origin
All persons Men Women All persons Men Women All persons Men Women All persons Men Women
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
1–19 13.7 15.3 12.5 13.7 12.9 14.2 27.1 30.2 25.0 19.3 18.9 19.6
20–39 20.9 23.1 19.2 19.6 22.3 17.9 23.1 23.6 22.7 19.4 20.4 18.6
40–59 18.1 19.3 17.2 16.1 18.4 14.6 12.4 13.8 11.3 14.6 15.3 14.0
60–79 14.3 13.7 14.7 12.4 13.0 12.1 9.0 9.4 8.7 10.9 11.4 10.6
80 or more 33.0 28.6 36.4 38.2 33.5 41.2 28.4 22.9 32.2 35.8 34.1 37.1
50 or more 55.5 51.1 58.9 58.6 56.0 60.3 42.6 38.6 45.5 53.5 53.2 53.7
90 or more 26.1 22.6 28.9 33.1 29.4 35.4 22.7 18.3 25.9 32.0 29.9 33.6
100 14.3 12.4 15.8 26.6 22.8 29.0 15.4 12.1 17.7 24.2 22.7 25.3
Mean proportion 58.3 55.0 60.8 61.4 59.1 62.9 49.3 45.6 51.9 57.9 57.4 58.2
Number (thousands) 29,921 13,078 16,844 2,819 1,095 1,724 970 401 569 2,179 929 1,250
NOTES: Persons in families with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or food stamps) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Social Security for Persons 65 or Older in Beneficiary Families Table 9.B5 Percentage distribution of persons in beneficiary families, by race, Hispanic origin, sex, and marital status, 2010
Proportion of family income White alone Black alone Asian alone Hispanic origin
Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women
Married Non-married Married Non-married Married Non-married Married Non-married Married Non-married Married Non-married Married Non-married Married Non-married
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 a 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
1–19 15.4 15.0 12.8 12.3 15.0 10.0 13.3 14.6 30.4 a 25.9 24.1 16.7 22.5 14.5 23.0
20–39 24.7 19.2 22.6 16.3 27.2 15.5 20.1 17.1 24.7 a 22.7 22.8 22.2 17.4 19.4 18.1
40–59 19.6 18.3 20.5 14.4 18.3 18.5 19.8 12.7 13.5 a 13.6 8.8 17.2 12.1 19.6 10.4
60–79 14.6 11.3 15.9 13.7 14.9 10.3 16.5 10.5 8.8 a 10.2 7.1 12.2 10.0 12.8 9.1
80 or more 25.7 36.1 28.2 43.4 24.6 45.8 30.3 45.1 22.6 a 27.6 37.2 31.7 38.0 33.6 39.4
50 or more 49.3 55.9 53.5 63.5 47.7 67.5 57.4 61.4 37.6 a 43.7 47.5 53.0 53.6 56.5 51.8
90 or more 19.5 30.4 21.7 35.1 20.1 42.2 25.9 38.8 17.2 a 21.5 30.6 27.6 33.7 29.7 36.2
100 9.6 19.5 10.3 20.6 15.5 32.9 20.0 32.2 10.1 a 11.9 24.0 20.9 25.8 21.7 27.8
Mean proportion 53.3 59.5 56.3 64.6 53.1 67.4 58.7 64.4 45.0 a 49.7 54.3 56.8 58.4 59.0 57.7
Number (thousands) 9,431 3,647 7,781 9,062 635 461 454 1,270 329 72 295 274 576 354 497 753
NOTES: Persons in families with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or food stamps) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
a. Fewer than 75,000 weighted cases.
Relative Importance of Social Security for Persons 65 or Older in Beneficiary Families Table 9.B6 Percentage distribution of persons in beneficiary families, by quintile of per-capita total family money income, 2010
Proportion of family income Total First Second Third Fourth Fifth
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
1–19 14.2 2.6 3.8 6.9 15.7 43.6
20–39 20.9 6.2 8.4 14.7 30.7 45.5
40–59 17.8 7.4 9.7 22.9 37.7 9.3
60–79 13.9 10.3 16.2 28.0 12.0 0.8
80 or more 33.2 73.5 61.8 27.4 3.9 0.8
50 or more 55.3 87.4 83.5 68.9 31.1 3.6
90 or more 26.6 65.4 49.2 18.0 1.8 0.5
100 15.4 45.3 25.7 7.3 0.7 0.4
Mean proportion 58.2 84.8 78.7 62.1 41.3 23.6
Number (thousands) 34,192 6,172 7,267 7,287 7,014 6,452
NOTES: Persons in families with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
Per-capita family total money income quintile limits are $11,417, $16,710, $24,007, and $38,237.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or food stamps) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Social Security for Persons 65 or Older in Beneficiary Families Table 9.B7 Percentage distribution of persons in beneficiary families, by number of persons in family and quintile of per-capita family total money income, 2010
Proportion of family income Total First Second Third Fourth Fifth
  Persons in 1-person families
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
1–19 6.8 0.6 1.0 1.5 4.5 29.8
20–39 13.2 1.3 1.3 2.6 18.6 49.2
40–59 16.2 3.6 4.6 14.5 44.7 17.8
60–79 13.8 7.4 10.8 25.5 22.3 1.4
80 or more 50.0 87.1 82.3 56.0 9.9 1.8
50 or more 71.5 96.6 96.3 89.6 54.8 7.1
90 or more 41.7 80.5 70.6 40.8 4.7 1.5
100 26.1 59.3 43.4 19.6 1.7 1.3
Mean proportion 70.8 93.1 90.5 79.2 52.9 29.1
Number (thousands) 10,968 2,027 2,606 2,389 1,997 1,948
  Persons in 2-person families
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
1–19 13.6 1.0 1.8 3.6 12.6 45.0
20–39 22.9 4.0 7.0 15.7 33.5 47.9
40–59 19.2 4.6 9.8 28.7 42.2 6.2
60–79 15.5 9.9 21.2 35.4 9.7 0.6
80 or more 28.8 80.5 60.2 16.7 2.0 0.4
50 or more 53.4 93.5 87.6 70.3 26.8 2.4
90 or more 22.4 71.6 45.4 8.3 0.8 0.2
100 11.9 48.7 18.9 1.7 0.3 0
Mean proportion 56.2 89.1 79.6 59.7 40.5 22.5
Number (thousands) 18,424 2,914 3,682 3,883 4,002 3,942
  Persons in families of 3 or more
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
1–19 33.4 9.9 19.1 32.5 49.9 81.6
20–39 31.1 19.4 33.0 39.3 43.2 16.8
40–59 15.7 20.2 22.9 20.8 5.9 1.6
60–79 8.0 16.1 11.7 6.0 1.0 0
80 or more 11.9 34.5 13.3 1.4 0 0
50 or more 25.3 58.0 34.1 14.5 1.7 0.1
90 or more 8.3 25.7 6.8 1.4 0 0
100 4.5 14.0 4.3 0.2 0 0
Mean proportion 37.2 61.1 44.0 30.7 21.7 12.6
Number (thousands) 4,801 1,231 978 1,015 1,015 562
NOTES: Persons in families with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
Per-capita family total money income quintile limits are $11,417, $16,710, $24,007, and $38,237.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or food stamps) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Social Security for Persons 65 or Older in Beneficiary Families Table 9.B8 Percentage distribution of persons in beneficiary families, by sex and ratio of family total money income to the poverty threshold, 2010
Proportion of family income All persons Men Women
Under 1.00 1.00– 1.24 1.25– 1.49 1.50– 1.99 2.00 or more Under 1.00 1.00– 1.24 1.25– 1.49 1.50– 1.99 2.00 or more Under 1.00 1.00– 1.24 1.25– 1.49 1.50– 1.99 2.00 or more
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
1–19 1.0 1.3 2.0 2.0 20.7 1.2 1.0 3.2 1.8 20.7 0.9 1.5 1.5 2.1 20.6
20–39 2.4 3.2 3.3 5.8 29.6 2.2 3.2 2.6 5.9 30.3 2.4 3.2 3.7 5.8 29.0
40–59 4.3 5.0 6.0 11.1 23.0 5.7 6.0 6.7 11.8 22.9 3.8 4.4 5.7 10.8 23.1
60–79 9.3 12.0 10.2 14.9 14.8 9.0 13.0 10.0 11.5 14.4 9.4 11.5 10.3 17.0 15.1
80 or more 83.0 78.5 78.4 66.1 11.9 81.8 76.9 77.5 69.0 11.7 83.5 79.4 78.8 64.4 12.1
50 or more 94.9 93.0 92.6 86.6 37.0 94.5 92.6 92.2 87.0 36.3 95.1 93.2 92.8 86.4 37.5
90 or more 76.3 69.7 67.3 52.7 7.4 75.4 70.1 69.1 55.8 7.4 76.7 69.5 66.4 50.7 7.4
100 57.5 46.7 43.0 26.6 2.7 58.5 49.1 46.2 29.0 2.7 57.0 45.4 41.4 25.1 2.7
Mean proportion 91.0 88.9 87.7 81.4 43.8 90.4 88.5 87.4 82.3 43.5 91.2 89.1 87.9 80.8 44.1
Number (thousands) 2,417 2,021 2,525 4,687 22,543 706 721 824 1,772 10,762 1,710 1,300 1,701 2,914 11,780
NOTES: Persons in families with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
The family money income of aged persons is compared with the official poverty lines of families in 2010.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or food stamps) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.