SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003

 

Blind and Disabled Recipients

Chart 1. Number who work, December 1987–2003

The number of blind and disabled recipients who work almost doubled between 1987 and 2003, from 173,000 to 324,000. Initially, the number of participants under sections 1619(a) and 1619(b) were approximately equal. However, participation under section 1619(b) gradually increased to five times the initial total, and it now exceeds participation under section 1619(a) by more than four to one. The number of working recipients not participating under either of these provisions has increased by almost 65 percent.

Line chart linked to data in table format.
SOURCE: Tables 1 and 9.
Chart 2. Percentage who work, by state, December 2003

In 14 states, mostly in the South and Southeast, less than 5 percent of blind and disabled recipients were working in December 2003. The highest employment rates, 15 percent or more, were in the upper Midwest: Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

Map linked to data in table format, provided in the Percentage of all blind and disabled recipients column of Table 2.
SOURCE: Table 2.
Table 1. Number and percentage who work, selected months, 1976–2003
Month All blind
and disabled
recipients a
Recipients who work
Total Receiving SSI b Section 1619(b)
participants
Total as a
percentage
of all blind
and disabled
recipients
December
1976 2,088,242 70,719 70,719 . . . 3.4
1977 2,186,771 83,697 83,697 . . . 3.8
1978 2,249,025 87,697 87,697 . . . 3.9
1979 2,277,859 92,270 92,270 . . . 4.1
1980 2,334,241 99,276 99,276 . . . 4.3
1981 2,340,785 102,632 102,632 . . . 4.4
1982 2,314,364 107,803 102,288 5,515 4.7
1983 2,391,262 113,899 108,734 5,165 4.8
1984 2,499,046 -- -- -- --
1985 2,633,552 -- -- -- --
1986 2,795,756 -- -- -- --
1987 2,945,244 172,855 157,223 15,632 5.9
1988 3,046,074 189,144 173,519 15,625 6.2
1989 3,172,270 205,837 187,583 18,254 6.5
1990 3,386,603 219,932 196,415 23,517 6.5
1991 3,681,050 229,619 202,355 27,264 6.2
1992 4,126,816 248,917 217,268 31,649 6.0
1993 4,544,777 265,649 230,350 35,299 5.8
1994 4,870,564 282,476 241,793 40,683 5.8
1995 5,115,014 298,635 251,633 47,002 5.8
1996 5,252,991 308,300 256,395 51,905 5.9
1997 5,189,724 319,855 262,766 57,089 6.2
1998 5,293,829 326,475 266,933 59,542 6.2
1999 5,317,861 340,618 271,353 69,265 6.4
2000 5,395,935 360,427 276,855 83,572 6.7
2001 5,500,481 346,110 269,655 76,455 6.3
2002 5,618,506 340,910 258,733 82,177 6.1
2003 5,740,683 323,682 252,585 71,097 5.6
2001
March 5,423,974 352,940 274,283 78,657 6.5
June 5,448,865 353,336 275,435 77,901 6.5
September 5,493,302 353,207 274,664 78,543 6.4
December 5,500,481 346,110 269,655 76,455 6.3
2002
March 5,538,532 339,430 266,835 72,595 6.1
June 5,573,711 342,946 265,597 77,349 6.2
September 5,620,838 348,244 265,871 82,373 6.2
December 5,618,506 340,910 258,733 82,177 6.1
2003
March 5,657,353 334,378 259,820 74,558 5.9
June 5,705,871 329,740 257,724 72,016 5.8
September 5,749,384 329,195 255,619 73,576 5.7
December 5,740,683 323,682 252,585 71,097 5.6
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTES: . . . = not applicable; -- = not available.
a. Includes section 1619(b) participants.
b. Includes section 1619(a) participants and SSI recipients earning less than the substantial gainful activity level ($810 effective January 2004).
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.
Table 2. Number and percentage who work, by state or other area, December 2003
State or area All blind and
disabled recipients
Recipients who work
Number Percentage of all blind
and disabled recipients
All areas 5,740,683 323,682 5.6
Alabama 143,652 3,714 2.6
Alaska 8,563 574 6.7
Arizona 79,323 3,423 4.3
Arkansas 76,104 3,405 4.5
California 823,311 42,178 5.1
Colorado 46,258 3,931 8.5
Connecticut 45,272 3,842 8.5
Delaware 11,868 804 6.8
District of Columbia 18,468 663 3.6
Florida 317,008 11,080 3.5
Georgia 171,498 6,990 4.1
Hawaii 15,371 746 4.9
Idaho 18,965 1,674 8.8
Illinois 227,261 12,999 5.7
Indiana 89,079 5,713 6.4
Iowa 39,519 6,567 16.6
Kansas 35,265 3,920 11.1
Kentucky 164,292 4,593 2.8
Louisiana 148,516 5,454 3.7
Maine 29,300 2,206 7.5
Maryland 76,649 5,602 7.3
Massachusetts 126,234 9,671 7.7
Michigan 202,241 13,947 6.9
Minnesota 61,211 9,222 15.1
Mississippi 109,546 3,054 2.8
Missouri 106,172 7,163 6.7
Montana 13,520 1,694 12.5
Nebraska 20,276 2,934 14.5
Nevada 23,234 1,329 5.7
New Hampshire 12,113 1,248 10.3
New Jersey 117,604 7,605 6.5
New Mexico 42,045 2,142 5.1
New York 496,449 29,742 6.0
North Carolina 167,763 7,674 4.6
North Dakota 7,234 1,332 18.4
Ohio 230,708 16,582 7.2
Oklahoma 66,830 3,579 5.4
Oregon 50,785 3,826 7.5
Pennsylvania 281,345 15,481 5.5
Rhode Island 25,409 1,668 6.6
South Carolina 92,588 4,786 5.2
South Dakota 11,272 2,089 18.5
Tennessee 143,580 5,242 3.7
Texas 346,934 13,594 3.9
Utah 19,648 2,112 10.7
Vermont 11,884 1,071 9.0
Virginia 112,893 6,260 5.5
Washington 96,425 5,594 5.8
West Virginia 70,987 1,976 2.8
Wisconsin 82,278 10,211 12.4
Wyoming 5,359 760 14.2
Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands 574 16 2.8
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTE: Includes section 1619(b) participants.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.
Table 3. Percentage distribution of recipients and those who work aged 18–64, by diagnostic group, December 2003
Diagnostic group All blind and disabled recipients Recipients who work a
Total
Number 3,953,224 308,347
Percent 100.0 100.0
Congenital anomalies 0.6 1.2
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 3.9 1.3
Infectious and parasitic diseases 1.7 0.9
Injuries 2.6 1.3
Mental disorders
Retardation 22.0 42.5
Schizophrenia 10.0 7.3
Other 24.3 15.2
Neoplasms 1.1 0.6
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs 0.4 0.3
Circulatory system 4.7 1.2
Digestive system 0.9 0.3
Genitourinary system 1.1 0.6
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 9.7 3.0
Nervous system and sense organs b 7.8 8.6
Respiratory system 2.1 0.7
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 0.2 0.1
Other 0.2 0.3
Unknown 6.9 14.6
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTE: Effective with the December 2002 edition, all recipients in each recipient category are included when computing percentages for each diagnostic category. Previously, only recipients with identified diagnoses were included in this computation.
a. Includes section 1619(b) participants.
b. Most disabled recipients classified as blind are included in this category. A few blind recipients with a primary impairment other than diseases of the eye are coded in other categories. Also, a few recipients are classified with diseases of the eye, but their impairment does not meet the definition of blindness.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.
Table 4. Number and percentage of recipients, those who work, and section 1619(b) participants aged 18–64, by age, December 2003
Age All blind and
disabled recipients a
Recipients who work Section 1619(b) participants
Number Percent Number Percentage
of all blind
and disabled
recipients
Number Percentage
of all blind
and disabled
recipients
Total 4,021,956 100.0 308,347 7.7 68,708 1.7
18–21 259,361 6.4 29,137 11.2 2,842 1.1
22–29 489,209 12.2 72,943 14.9 17,222 3.5
30–39 717,099 17.8 80,117 11.2 20,243 2.8
40–49 1,042,586 25.9 71,128 6.8 17,261 1.7
50–59 1,035,216 25.7 42,504 4.1 8,702 0.8
60–64 478,485 11.9 12,518 2.6 2,438 0.5
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Includes section 1619(b) participants.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.
Table 5. Number in September 2003, by program status and earnings in December 2003
Program status
in September 2003
Total Receiving payments
in December 2003
Not receiving payments
in December 2003
Section
1619(a)
Have
earnings
No
earnings
Ineligible because of earned income Other
excess
income
Other
non-pay
Section
1619(b)
Reasons no longer eligible
Does
not need
or use
Medicaid
Can
pay for
equivalent
coverage
Both
All blind and disabled recipients 5,672,313 16,639 230,521 5,126,143 69,285 510 59 187 57,695 171,274
Receiving payments
Section 1619(a) 16,949 9,782 2,316 1,935 1,916 27 1 9 216 747
Have earnings 243,068 2,608 209,506 16,484 4,491 47 4 9 2,121 7,798
No earnings 5,337,724 1,901 15,460 5,102,321 6,481 65 7 22 51,776 159,691
Not receiving payments
Section 1619(b) 74,572 2,348 3,239 5,403 56,397 371 47 147 3,582 3,038
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.