SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003

 

Section 1619 Participants

Chart 6. Percentage distribution, by state, December 2003

The state distribution of section 1619 cases mirrors that for all working recipients in Chart 2. Proportions of section 1619 cases were higher in the Midwest and lower in the South.

Map linked to data in table format.
SOURCE: Table 9.
Chart 7. Percentage distribution, by age, December 2003

Recipients who benefit from section 1619(a) are younger than those who benefit from 1619(b).

Bar chart linked to data in table format.
SOURCE: Table 12.
Chart 8. Percentage distribution, by diagnostic group, December 2003

As with all working recipients, the majority of the section 1619 participants were diagnosed with a mental disorder. Two-thirds of participants under section 1619(a) and three-fifths of participants under section 1619(b) had either mental retardation or other mental disorders.

Bar chart linked to data in table format.
SOURCE: Table 13.
Table 8. Number and percentage change from prior period, selected months, 1982–2003
Month Section 1619(a) participants Section 1619(b) participants a
Number Percentage
change from
prior period
Number Percentage
change from
prior period
December
1982 287 . . . 5,515 . . .
1983 392 36.6 5,165 -6.3
1984 -- -- -- --
1985 -- -- -- --
1986 -- -- -- --
1987 14,559 . . . 15,632 . . .
1988 19,920 36.8 15,625 0
1989 25,655 28.8 18,254 16.8
1990 13,994 -45.5 23,517 28.8
1991 15,531 11.0 27,264 15.9
1992 17,603 13.3 31,649 16.1
1993 20,028 13.8 35,299 11.5
1994 24,315 21.4 40,683 15.3
1995 28,060 15.4 47,002 15.5
1996 31,085 10.8 51,905 10.4
1997 34,673 11.5 57,089 10.0
1998 37,271 7.5 59,542 4.3
1999 25,528 -31.5 69,265 16.3
2000 27,542 7.9 83,572 20.7
2001 22,100 -19.8 76,455 -8.5
2002 17,271 -21.9 82,177 7.5
2003 17,132 -0.8 71,097 -13.5
2001
March 26,775 -2.8 78,657 -5.9
June 25,394 -5.2 77,901 -1.0
September 25,194 -0.8 78,543 0.8
December 22,100 -12.3 76,455 -2.7
2002
March 21,417 -3.1 72,595 -5.0
June 20,922 -2.3 77,349 6.5
September 20,275 -3.1 82,373 6.5
December 17,271 -14.8 82,177 -0.2
2003
March 16,771 -2.9 74,558 -9.3
June 16,539 -1.4 72,016 -3.4
September 16,562 0.1 73,576 2.2
December 17,132 3.4 71,097 -3.4
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTES: When the substantial gainful activity (SGA) level is periodically raised, SSI recipients with earnings below the increased SGA level become eligible for regular SSI benefits rather than the special cash payments under section 1619(a). This change in status is reflected in decreases in 1619(a) participants in December 1990, June 2001, December 2001, and December 2002.
. . . = not applicable; -- = not available.
a. Includes blind participants. Of the 71,097 participants in December 2003, 1,183 were blind.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.
Table 9. Ranking of state or other area, by section 1619 participants as a percentage of all blind and disabled recipients in state aged 18–64, December 2003
State or area Ranking All blind and disabled recipients a Section 1619 participants
Number Percent
All areas 4,021,956 85,609 2.13
South Dakota 1 7,956 510 6.41
North Dakota 2 5,442 307 5.64
Iowa 3 29,835 1,660 5.56
Wyoming 4 4,102 205 5.00
Minnesota 5 45,750 2,266 4.95
Wisconsin 6 59,393 2,654 4.47
Nebraska 7 15,093 673 4.46
Vermont 8 8,991 392 4.36
Kansas 9 25,482 1,039 4.08
Montana 10 10,441 412 3.95
New Hampshire 11 9,485 372 3.92
Connecticut 12 33,493 1,205 3.60
Delaware 13 7,783 274 3.52
Utah 14 14,225 491 3.45
Idaho 15 14,128 483 3.42
Massachusetts 16 106,130 3,371 3.18
Maine 17 23,185 731 3.15
Northern Mariana Islands 18 367 10 2.72
Maryland 19 53,301 1,450 2.72
Washington 20 72,529 1,973 2.72
Colorado 21 34,556 933 2.70
Alaska 22 6,693 180 2.69
Oregon 23 38,450 1,017 2.64
Indiana 24 63,718 1,638 2.57
Missouri 25 77,499 1,925 2.48
Michigan 26 147,818 3,622 2.45
New Jersey 27 79,997 1,955 2.44
Rhode Island 28 18,459 443 2.40
New Mexico 29 29,030 665 2.29
Pennsylvania 30 199,325 4,427 2.22
Virginia 31 77,967 1,729 2.22
New York 32 339,521 7,432 2.19
Ohio 33 168,891 3,681 2.18
Illinois 34 158,048 3,349 2.12
District of Columbia 35 12,247 258 2.11
Nevada 36 17,559 352 2.00
Arizona 37 54,291 1,059 1.95
Florida 38 198,462 3,736 1.88
Louisiana 39 100,311 1,755 1.75
Texas 40 231,657 3,883 1.68
Arkansas 41 51,019 854 1.67
California 42 573,533 9,587 1.67
North Carolina 43 110,686 1,806 1.63
South Carolina 44 61,845 961 1.55
Hawaii 45 12,018 185 1.54
Georgia 46 116,454 1,723 1.48
Oklahoma 47 47,519 680 1.43
Tennessee 48 102,287 1,380 1.35
Mississippi 49 72,141 959 1.33
Alabama 50 98,596 1,088 1.10
Kentucky 51 119,370 1,299 1.09
West Virginia 52 54,878 570 1.04
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Includes section 1619(b) participants.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.
Table 10. Section 1619(a) participants and their average earnings, by state or other area, selected months, 2002–2003
State or area December 2002 September 2003 December 2003
Number Average
earnings
(dollars)
Number Average
earnings
(dollars)
Number Average
earnings
(dollars)
All areas 17,269 1,043 16,561 1,041 17,130 1,059
Alabama 231 1,013 217 979 219 1,000
Alaska 27 1,014 26 1,023 29 1,076
Arizona 186 1,007 174 991 209 1,018
Arkansas 147 1,003 150 987 149 1,008
California 3,687 1,145 3,625 1,153 3,568 1,169
Colorado 171 997 149 997 143 1,000
Connecticut 167 983 157 990 166 1,001
Delaware 44 1,030 35 1,006 36 991
District of Columbia 64 997 49 987 57 1,053
Florida 636 997 660 1,001 690 1,024
Georgia 345 998 317 991 319 1,005
Hawaii 41 1,021 42 1,021 41 1,017
Idaho 76 995 74 1,008 69 1,024
Illinois 669 996 691 984 738 1,017
Indiana 229 994 218 988 244 1,006
Iowa 158 990 163 1,002 197 1,027
Kansas 120 1,004 115 1,026 142 1,046
Kentucky 233 1,007 216 993 210 1,018
Louisiana 354 991 354 993 375 1,008
Maine 92 1,004 104 1,020 100 1,060
Maryland 285 1,000 255 1,005 274 1,018
Massachusetts 673 1,066 611 1,052 618 1,054
Michigan 618 997 540 999 598 1,024
Minnesota 311 1,029 228 1,015 278 1,042
Mississippi 202 1,003 183 1,002 203 1,017
Missouri 227 1,016 235 980 263 1,005
Montana 57 995 42 999 50 986
Nebraska 101 980 79 978 98 1,027
Nevada 58 1,035 56 1,018 66 1,029
New Hampshire 42 969 35 1,012 50 1,016
New Jersey 382 1,027 358 1,025 327 1,035
New Mexico 113 1,020 108 1,001 105 1,004
New York 1,639 1,060 1,624 1,044 1,665 1,070
North Carolina 281 1,004 289 1,008 284 1,024
North Dakota 35 1,007 28 965 26 1,014
Ohio 790 998 703 1,002 722 1,028
Oklahoma 171 990 136 998 139 1,025
Oregon 127 1,022 122 1,022 123 1,040
Pennsylvania 888 1,023 934 1,025 914 1,033
Rhode Island 79 1,045 90 1,036 85 1,064
South Carolina 181 1,006 177 990 162 1,016
South Dakota 57 979 61 1,031 54 1,052
Tennessee 260 1,006 242 989 255 1,024
Texas 670 1,006 660 997 713 1,023
Utah 71 975 67 997 81 1,023
Vermont 72 1,089 56 1,046 52 1,062
Virginia 303 980 284 995 315 1,029
Washington 399 991 377 1,012 407 1,039
West Virginia 125 1,016 109 1,012 124 1,033
Wisconsin 344 1,041 307 1,015 349 1,026
Wyoming 31 1,011 29 955 29 1,021
Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands a a a a a a
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Data are not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.
Table 11. Section 1619(b) participants and their average earnings, by state or other area, selected months, 2002–2003
State or area December 2002 September 2003 December 2003
Number Average
earnings
(dollars)
Number Average
earnings
(dollars)
Number Average
earnings
(dollars)
All areas 82,177 1,094 73,576 1,085 71,097 1,081
Alabama 984 1,202 896 1,154 902 1,204
Alaska a 192 1,103 194 1,218 154 1,175
Arizona 979 1,135 913 1,173 879 1,165
Arkansas 872 1,029 739 1,071 739 1,027
California 7,593 1,348 6,349 1,402 6,497 1,390
Colorado 987 1,046 836 1,099 807 1,074
Connecticut a 1,169 959 1,102 947 1,058 954
Delaware 304 1,113 249 1,098 242 1,159
District of Columbia 265 1,366 232 1,475 219 1,432
Florida 3,692 1,100 3,339 1,121 3,174 1,099
Georgia 1,750 1,087 1,515 1,072 1,454 1,070
Hawaii a 172 1,007 155 1,041 150 1,065
Idaho a 487 936 458 979 423 987
Illinois a 3,173 1,056 2,773 1,076 2,711 1,051
Indiana a 1,670 1,008 1,492 948 1,427 957
Iowa 1,586 798 1,558 814 1,487 794
Kansas a 1,088 973 971 904 935 927
Kentucky 1,332 1,180 1,124 1,159 1,125 1,106
Louisiana 1,531 1,014 1,451 1,063 1,424 1,040
Maine 729 1,017 706 989 643 988
Maryland 1,411 1,206 1,303 1,189 1,219 1,164
Massachusetts 3,348 1,194 2,908 1,174 2,876 1,171
Michigan 3,826 1,050 3,434 1,036 3,143 1,028
Minnesota a 2,303 933 2,225 917 2,044 914
Mississippi 871 1,172 828 1,128 783 1,138
Missouri a 1,884 906 1,719 921 1,709 914
Montana 415 874 384 854 373 846
Nebraska a 660 937 653 917 587 885
Nevada a 369 1,154 337 1,163 302 1,172
New Hampshire a 439 995 359 954 330 911
New Jersey 1,961 1,244 1,711 1,222 1,694 1,230
New Mexico 592 1,127 596 1,088 586 1,084
New York 6,723 1,305 6,084 1,262 5,979 1,270
North Carolina 1,859 1,053 1,594 1,032 1,576 1,010
North Dakota a 319 755 310 770 286 797
Ohio a 3,743 1,002 3,248 976 3,058 960
Oklahoma a 712 890 586 857 566 853
Oregon a 1,007 855 959 844 919 855
Pennsylvania 4,051 1,072 3,704 1,049 3,623 1,044
Rhode Island 416 1,101 348 1,111 368 1,064
South Carolina 1,008 1,008 897 1,018 831 994
South Dakota 529 887 493 808 472 827
Tennessee 1,480 1,155 1,248 1,119 1,177 1,108
Texas 3,795 1,016 3,485 1,026 3,302 1,024
Utah a 503 950 469 935 422 946
Vermont 391 923 355 931 351 919
Virginia a 1,646 1,014 1,483 1,010 1,441 1,021
Washington 1,955 1,110 1,720 1,124 1,627 1,117
West Virginia 519 1,177 467 1,096 454 1,112
Wisconsin 2,652 929 2,407 910 2,360 899
Wyoming 224 814 201 825 181 812
Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands 11 1,113 9 1,313 8 1,220
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. The Social Security Administration identifies persons as potential participants; final Medicaid determinations are made by the state.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.
Table 12. Number and average earnings, by selected characteristics, December 2003
Characteristic Section 1619(a) participants Section 1619(b) participants
Number Average
earnings
(dollars)
Number Average
earnings
(dollars)
All participants 17,132 1,059 71,097 1,081
Age
Under 18 114 1,027 157 --
18–21 1,825 1,036 2,842 1,133
22–29 4,585 1,046 17,222 1,145
30–39 4,635 1,067 20,243 1,076
40–49 3,695 1,072 17,261 1,055
50–59 1,805 1,075 8,702 1,068
60–64 356 1,047 2,438 975
65 or older 117 1,098 2,232 900
Sex
Male 9,237 1,071 37,133 1,090
Female 7,895 1,045 33,964 1,070
Earned income a
Wages 16,702 1,062 69,310 1,087
Self-employment 517 987 2,300 940
Earnings (dollars)
Less than 400 . . . . . . 9,573 268
400–499 . . . . . . 5,504 435
500–599 . . . . . . 6,742 528
600–699 . . . . . . 6,217 630
700–899 2,934 852 8,868 774
900–1,199 10,536 1,018 7,062 1,014
1,200 or more 3,662 1,346 27,131 1,857
Unearned income a
None 15,118 1,061 22,363 1,704
Social Security 571 1,001 45,540 738
Other pensions 28 1,041 483 924
Income based on need 3 993 18 1,465
Asset income 1,068 1,067 4,755 984
Other 442 1,039 3,061 1,204
Work incentives a
Plans for achieving self-support b 153 1,356 0 0
Impairment-related work expenses 601 1,130 1,752 1,003
Blind work expenses 3 2,386 659 1,503
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTE: -- = not available; . . . = not applicable.
a. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some recipients may receive more than one type of earned or unearned income, or both earned and unearned income, or benefit from more than one work incentive provision.
b. Includes 23 persons with a PASS that excludes only resources.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.
Table 13. Percentage distribution of participants aged 18–64, by diagnostic group, December 2003
Diagnostic group All blind and
disabled recipients
Section 1619(a)
participants
Section 1619(b)
participants
Total
Number 3,953,224 16,901 68,708
Percent 100.0 100.0 100.0
Congenital anomalies 0.6 0.9 0.7
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 3.9 2.0 2.1
Infectious and parasitic diseases 1.7 1.4 1.8
Injuries 2.6 1.9 2.3
Mental disorders
Retardation 22.0 35.7 32.9
Schizophrenia 10.0 8.4 8.7
Other 24.3 21.4 20.2
Neoplasms 1.1 0.9 1.0
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs 0.4 0.7 0.6
Circulatory system 4.7 1.4 1.7
Digestive system 0.9 0.4 0.5
Genitourinary system 1.1 1.0 1.3
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 9.7 3.8 4.7
Nervous system and sense organs a 7.8 10.4 10.0
Respiratory system 2.1 0.9 1.0
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 0.2 0.1 0.1
Other 0.2 0.3 0.2
Unknown 6.9 8.4 10.2
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTE: Effective with the December 2002 edition, all recipients in each recipient category are included when computing percentages for each diagnostic category. Previously, only recipients with identified diagnoses were included in this computation.
a. Most disabled recipients classified as blind are included in this category. A few blind recipients with a primary impairment other than diseases of the eye are coded in other categories. Also, a few recipients are classified with diseases of the eye, but their impairment does not meet the definition of blindness.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.