Annual Statistical Supplement, 2011

 

Other Social Insurance Programs and Veterans' Benefits

Other Social Insurance Programs

Workers' Compensation

Table 9.B1 Coverage, benefits, and costs, selected years 1940–2009
Year Estimated number of workers covered per month (millions) Benefits paid during year (millions of dollars) Cost of program as a percentage of covered payroll a Benefits as a percentage of covered payroll b
Total Type of insurance Type of benefits
Private carriers c State and federal funds d Employers' self-insurance b Medical and hospitalization Compensation payments
1940 24.6 256 135 73 48 95 161 1.19 0.72
1946 32.7 434 270 96 68 140 294 0.91 0.54
1948 36.0 534 335 121 78 175 359 0.96 0.51
1949 35.3 566 353 132 81 185 381 0.98 0.55
1950 36.9 615 381 149 85 200 415 0.89 0.54
1951 38.7 709 444 170 94 233 476 0.90 0.54
1952 39.4 785 491 193 101 260 525 0.94 0.55
1953 40.7 841 524 210 107 280 561 0.97 0.55
1954 39.8 876 540 225 110 308 568 0.98 0.57
1955 41.4 916 563 238 115 325 591 0.91 0.55
1956 43.0 1,002 618 259 125 350 652 0.92 0.55
1957 43.3 1,062 661 271 130 360 702 0.91 0.56
1958 42.5 1,112 694 285 132 375 737 0.91 0.58
1959 44.0 1,210 753 316 141 410 800 0.89 0.58
1960 44.9 1,295 810 325 160 435 860 0.93 0.59
1961 45.0 1,374 851 347 176 460 914 0.95 0.61
1962 46.2 1,489 924 371 194 495 994 0.96 0.62
1963 47.3 1,582 988 388 207 525 1,057 0.99 0.62
1964 48.8 1,707 1,070 412 226 565 1,142 1.00 0.63
1965 50.8 1,814 1,124 445 244 600 1,214 1.00 0.61
1966 53.7 2,000 1,239 486 275 680 1,320 1.02 0.61
1967 55.0 2,189 1,363 524 303 750 1,439 1.07 0.63
1968 56.8 2,376 1,482 556 338 830 1,546 1.07 0.62
1969 59.0 2,634 1,641 607 386 920 1,714 1.08 0.62
1970 59.2 3,031 1,843 755 432 1,050 1,981 1.11 0.66
1971 59.4 3,563 2,005 1,098 460 1,130 2,433 1.11 0.67
1972 62.3 4,061 2,179 1,379 504 1,250 2,811 1.14 0.68
1973 66.3 5,103 2,514 1,998 592 1,480 3,623 1.17 0.70
1974 68.0 5,781 2,971 2,086 724 1,760 4,021 1.24 0.75
1975 67.2 6,598 3,422 2,324 852 2,030 4,568 1.32 0.83
1976 69.6 7,584 3,976 2,570 1,039 2,380 5,204 1.49 0.87
1977 72.1 8,630 4,629 2,750 1,250 2,680 5,950 1.71 0.92
1978 75.6 9,796 5,256 3,043 1,497 2,980 6,816 1.86 0.94
1979 78.6 12,027 6,157 4,022 1,848 3,520 8,507 1.95 1.01
1980 78.8 13,618 7,029 4,330 2,259 3,947 9,671 1.96 1.07
1981 78.3 15,054 7,876 4,595 2,583 4,431 10,623 1.85 1.08
1982 77.0 16,407 8,647 4,768 2,993 5,058 11,349 1.75 1.16
1983 78.0 17,575 9,265 5,061 3,249 5,681 11,894 1.67 1.17
1984 81.9 19,685 10,610 5,405 3,671 6,424 13,261 1.66 1.21
1985 84.3 22,217 12,341 5,744 4,132 7,498 14,719 1.82 1.30
1986 86.0 24,613 13,827 6,248 4,538 8,642 15,971 1.99 1.37
1987 88.4 27,318 15,453 6,782 5,082 9,912 17,406 2.07 1.43
1988 91.3 30,733 17,512 7,477 5,744 11,518 19,215 2.16 1.49
1989 93.7 34,316 19,918 7,965 6,433 13,424 20,892 2.04 1.46
1990 95.1 38,238 22,222 8,658 7,358 15,187 23,051 2.13 1.57
1991 93.6 42,169 24,515 9,711 7,944 16,832 25,337 2.16 1.65
1992 94.6 44,660 24,030 10,987 9,643 18,252 26,408 2.13 1.69
1993 96.1 42,925 21,773 11,294 9,857 17,521 25,403 2.17 1.62
1994 109.4 43,482 21,391 10,564 11,527 17,194 26,288 2.05 1.47
1995 112.8 42,122 20,106 10,784 11,232 16,733 25,389 1.83 1.35
1996 114.8 41,960 21,024 11,108 9,828 16,739 25,221 1.66 1.26
1997 118.1 41,971 21,676 9,937 10,357 17,397 24,574 1.49 1.17
1998 121.5 43,987 23,579 10,055 10,354 18,622 25,365 1.38 1.13
1999 124.3 46,313 26,383 9,945 9,985 20,055 26,258 1.35 1.12
2000 127.1 47,699 26,874 10,345 10,481 20,933 26,766 1.34 1.06
2001 127.0 50,827 27,905 11,082 11,839 23,137 27,690 1.43 1.10
2002 125.6 52,297 28,085 12,293 11,920 24,203 28,094 1.57 1.13
2003 124.7 54,739 28,395 13,627 12,717 25,733 29,006 1.71 1.16
2004 125.9 56,149 28,632 14,402 13,115 26,079 30,070 1.70 1.13
2005 e 128.2 57,067 29,039 14,318 13,710 26,361 30,706 1.71 1.09
2006 e 130.3 55,118 28,050 13,822 13,246 26,325 28,793 1.57 0.99
2007 e 131.7 55,998 28,736 13,663 13,599 27,037 28,961 1.46 0.96
2008 e 130.6 58,104 30,175 13,862 14,067 29,256 28,848 1.34 0.98
2009 124.9 58,327 30,460 13,661 14,207 28,940 29,387 1.30 1.03
SOURCES: National Academy of Social Insurance estimates based on data received from state agencies, the Department of Labor, A.M. Best Company, and the National Council on Compensation Insurance.
NOTES: Beginning in 1959, includes Alaska and Hawaii. States periodically update prior-year data, and any such changes are included in the current table.
Totals do not necessarily equal the sum of rounded components.
a. Total costs to employers who purchase insurance from private carriers and state funds consist of premiums written in the calendar year plus the payments made under deductible provisions. For self-insured employers, the costs include benefit payments and administrative costs.
b. Cash and medical benefits paid by self-insurers.
c. Net cash and medical benefits paid during calendar year by private insurance companies under standard workers' compensation policies.
d. Net cash and medical benefits paid by competitive and exclusive state funds and federal benefits, including those paid under the Federal Employees' Compensation Act for civilian employees; the portion of the Black Lung benefit program that is financed by employers; and a portion of benefits under the Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act that are not reflected in state data, namely, benefits paid by self-insured employers and by special funds under the LHWCA.
e. The National Academy of Social Insurance has revised its estimates for 2005–2008. For details, see Appendix D, Workers' Compensation: Benefits, Coverage, and Costs, 2009 (http://www.nasi.org/research/2011/report-workers-compensation-benefits-coverage-costs-2009).
CONTACT: Ishita Sengupta (202) 452-8097 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 9.B2 Benefits, by state and federal program, 2005–2009 (in thousands of dollars)
Program 2005 a 2006 a 2007 a 2008 a 2009
Total, state and federal 57,066,950 55,117,823 55,997,632 58,104,190 58,326,816
State programs
Subtotal 53,808,795 51,847,502 52,657,740 54,680,365 54,784,211
Alabama 619,518 624,685 635,315 656,607 625,755
Alaska 182,721 186,507 188,286 205,363 213,372
Arizona 570,870 647,427 696,457 691,001 650,730
Arkansas 227,232 235,887 243,846 233,270 216,216
California 10,868,330 9,952,220 9,551,491 9,466,406 9,317,794
Colorado 932,350 903,947 878,774 916,801 884,044
Connecticut 719,974 718,441 729,815 778,187 834,673
Delaware 214,540 238,638 212,706 218,484 205,972
District of Columbia 92,298 90,468 86,101 80,168 91,940
Florida 3,474,068 2,925,976 2,915,447 2,835,433 2,977,465
Georgia 1,408,876 1,393,970 1,494,363 1,577,091 1,492,696
Hawaii 250,779 242,685 247,294 245,763 244,375
Idaho 242,823 253,639 267,761 280,810 266,461
Illinois 2,418,519 2,444,219 2,738,920 2,921,600 2,979,286
Indiana 569,215 563,934 599,391 625,807 611,792
Iowa 487,130 488,684 495,808 555,372 556,817
Kansas 389,566 390,643 394,280 414,578 418,656
Kentucky 702,751 637,975 648,237 702,125 737,392
Louisiana 705,254 718,535 732,586 855,021 839,580
Maine 280,841 289,980 276,826 263,784 263,512
Maryland 784,414 828,962 849,850 935,948 895,905
Massachusetts 921,958 929,507 902,630 855,807 950,390
Michigan 1,473,598 1,470,574 1,511,282 1,407,282 1,509,881
Minnesota 949,394 944,448 958,984 1,025,937 1,082,620
Mississippi 289,855 310,742 322,875 336,103 318,499
Missouri 892,446 831,325 871,060 906,393 834,075
Montana 227,342 234,259 242,872 253,477 254,118
Nebraska 305,988 271,992 284,259 323,702 304,156
Nevada 456,660 417,282 414,432 430,260 432,690
New Hampshire 228,623 220,037 208,422 241,411 230,971
New Jersey 1,702,109 1,748,045 1,849,044 1,951,545 2,002,875
New Mexico 259,259 270,273 273,363 271,396 282,633
New York 3,378,085 3,510,955 3,388,936 3,859,233 4,146,728
North Carolina 1,381,606 1,314,725 1,344,761 1,455,740 1,408,926
North Dakota 82,033 81,297 91,741 105,837 110,526
Ohio 2,447,038 2,383,544 2,478,080 2,490,080 2,353,384
Oklahoma 638,043 675,113 700,341 772,191 824,855
Oregon 554,586 568,739 589,388 607,414 623,095
Pennsylvania 2,741,310 2,758,784 2,803,819 2,902,243 2,901,339
Rhode Island 137,196 149,413 152,227 158,721 157,720
South Carolina 924,734 918,650 886,000 917,419 891,830
South Dakota 86,118 109,030 119,567 111,184 93,578
Tennessee 861,927 815,935 751,377 783,149 783,903
Texas 1,596,879 1,419,823 1,425,946 1,538,972 1,595,358
Utah 256,802 261,400 285,395 302,453 295,624
Vermont 122,028 124,228 119,099 127,665 144,054
Virginia 851,776 808,701 1,070,668 1,112,443 873,483
Washington 1,847,523 1,927,431 1,995,744 2,192,885 2,312,186
West Virginia 765,208 433,258 510,806 488,013 490,531
Wisconsin 1,170,065 1,043,244 1,094,074 1,154,654 1,113,240
Wyoming 116,537 117,324 126,996 137,135 136,515
Federal programs b
Subtotal 3,258,155 3,270,322 3,339,892 3,423,825 3,542,605
Civilian employee 2,462,059 2,454,861 2,586,700 2,676,370 2,763,885
Other 796,096 815,461 753,192 747,455 778,720
SOURCES: National Academy of Social Insurance estimates based on data received from state agencies, the Department of Labor, A.M. Best Company, and the National Council on Compensation Insurance.
NOTES: States periodically update prior-year data, and any such changes are included in the current table.
Totals do not necessarily equal the sum of rounded components.
a. The National Academy of Social Insurance has revised its estimates for 2005–2008. For details, see Appendix D, Workers' Compensation: Benefits, Coverage, and Costs, 2009 (http://www.nasi.org/research/2011/report-workers-compensation-benefits-coverage-costs-2009).
b. Federal benefits include those paid under the Federal Employees' Compensation Act for civilian employees; the portion of the Black Lung benefit program that is financed by employers; and a portion of benefits under the Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act that are not reflected in state data, namely, benefits paid by self-insured employers and special funds under the LHWCA.
CONTACT: Ishita Sengupta (202) 452-8097 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 9.B3 Benefits paid by type of insurer and medical benefits paid, by state and federal program, 2009 (in thousands of dollars)
Program Benefits paid by type of insurer Medical benefits paid
Total a Private carriers b State funds Self-insurance c Total As a percentage of total benefits
Total, state and federal 58,326,816 30,459,597 10,118,061 14,206,553 28,940,005 49.6
State programs
Subtotal 54,784,211 30,459,597 10,118,061 14,206,553 27,900,839 50.9
Alabama 625,755 297,824 . . . 327,930 423,010 67.6
Alaska 213,372 156,254 . . . 57,119 141,679 66.4
Arizona 650,730 225,639 315,649 109,442 404,103 62.1
Arkansas 216,216 150,642 . . . 65,574 142,270 65.8
California 9,317,794 4,814,138 1,607,715 2,895,941 5,065,094 54.4
Colorado 884,044 245,494 385,554 252,997 443,790 50.2
Connecticut 834,673 621,327 . . . 213,347 363,083 43.5
Delaware 205,972 160,236 . . . 45,736 113,491 55.1
District of Columbia 91,940 78,046 . . . 13,894 34,477 37.5
Florida 2,977,465 1,924,139 . . . 1,053,326 1,917,488 64.4
Georgia 1,492,696 1,097,153 . . . 395,543 737,392 49.4
Hawaii 244,375 131,780 30,571 82,023 105,081 43.0
Idaho 266,461 85,223 149,948 31,291 163,607 61.4
Illinois 2,979,286 2,256,602 . . . 722,684 1,427,078 47.9
Indiana 611,792 544,868 . . . 66,924 434,984 71.1
Iowa 556,817 434,115 . . . 122,702 300,681 54.0
Kansas 418,656 306,423 . . . 112,233 247,844 59.2
Kentucky 737,392 387,820 116,655 232,917 421,051 57.1
Louisiana 839,580 434,395 135,109 270,075 455,052 54.2
Maine 263,512 90,499 96,250 76,762 121,742 46.2
Maryland 895,905 463,558 210,192 222,156 399,574 44.6
Massachusetts 950,390 748,427 . . . 201,963 325,480 34.2
Michigan 1,509,881 958,184 . . . 551,697 533,944 35.4
Minnesota 1,082,620 760,135 54,046 268,439 564,005 52.1
Mississippi 318,499 184,327 . . . 134,171 188,870 59.3
Missouri 834,075 556,200 84,185 193,689 456,239 54.7
Montana 254,118 84,905 127,934 41,279 144,339 56.8
Nebraska 304,156 236,868 . . . 67,287 184,014 60.5
Nevada 432,690 293,133 . . . 139,557 199,470 46.1
New Hampshire 230,971 184,713 . . . 46,257 141,585 61.3
New Jersey 2,002,875 1,563,464 . . . 439,411 973,877 48.6
New Mexico 282,633 158,641 36,386 87,606 169,297 59.9
New York 4,146,728 1,797,434 1,096,455 1,252,838 1,990,429 48.0
North Carolina 1,408,926 1,059,199 . . . 349,728 629,790 44.7
North Dakota 110,526 . . . 110,526 . . . 66,866 60.5
Ohio 2,353,384 20,968 1,925,330 407,086 998,833 42.4
Oklahoma 824,855 369,263 262,060 193,532 356,337 43.2
Oregon 623,095 237,286 278,987 106,822 324,009 52.0
Pennsylvania 2,901,339 1,975,878 310,215 615,246 1,333,716 46.0
Rhode Island 157,720 56,795 79,856 21,069 52,678 33.4
South Carolina 891,830 651,014 56,633 184,183 368,326 41.3
South Dakota 93,578 90,019 . . . 3,558 61,200 65.4
Tennessee 783,903 605,574 . . . 178,329 422,524 53.9
Texas 1,595,358 917,000 348,518 329,840 950,833 59.6
Utah 295,624 109,973 136,676 48,975 204,276 69.1
Vermont 144,054 124,564 . . . 19,490 71,163 49.4
Virginia 873,483 658,203 . . . 215,280 505,747 57.9
Washington 2,312,186 19,007 1,756,175 537,003 807,719 34.9
West Virginia d 490,531 173,769 271,671 45,091 177,581 36.2
Wisconsin 1,113,240 956,730 . . . 156,511 765,593 68.8
Wyoming 136,515 1,751 134,764 . . . 69,525 50.9
Federal programs e
Subtotal 3,542,605 . . . . . . . . . 1,039,167 29.3
Civilian employee 2,763,885 . . . . . . . . . 863,729 31.3
Other 778,720 . . . . . . . . . 175,438 22.5
SOURCES: National Academy of Social Insurance estimates based on data received from state agencies, the Department of Labor, A.M. Best Company, and the National Council on Compensation Insurance.
NOTES: Totals do not necessarily equal the sum of rounded components.
. . . = not applicable.
a. These data may not include second injury fund for all states and may understate total payments.
b. States with exclusive funds (North Dakota, Ohio, Washington, and Wyoming) may have small amounts of benefits paid by private carriers. This is because some employers doing business in states with exclusive funds may be required by Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act (LHWCA) provisions to obtain coverage from private carriers, or may obtain employer's liability coverage that the state fund is not authorized to provide. In addition, private carriers may provide excess compensation coverage in some of these states.
c. Includes individual self-insurers and group self-insurance.
d. In 2008, West Virginia completed the transition from an exclusive state fund to a competitive fund. All benefits for workers injured after the transition are paid by private carriers.
e. Federal benefits include those paid under the Federal Employees' Compensation Act for civilian employees; the portion of the Black Lung benefit program that is financed by employers; and a portion of benefits under the LHWCA that are not reflected in state data, namely, benefits paid by self-insured employers and special funds under the LHWCA.
CONTACT: Ishita Sengupta (202) 452-8097 or statistics@ssa.gov.