Automatic Determinations

Cost-of-Living Adjustment

SSI Annual Report

SSI payment standards, 1975 & later

Maximum Federal Supplemental Security Income (SSI) payment amounts increase with the cost-of-living increases that apply to Social Security benefits. The latest such increase, 2.8 percent, becomes effective January 2019.

SSI amounts for 2019
The monthly maximum Federal amounts for 2019 are $771 for an eligible individual, $1,157 for an eligible individual with an eligible spouse, and $386 for an essential person.

In general, monthly amounts for the next year are determined by increasing the unrounded annual amounts for the current year by the COLA effective for January of the next year. The new unrounded amounts are then each divided by 12 and the resulting amounts are rounded down to the next lower multiple of $1.

Calculation details
Recipient Unrounded annual amounts for— Monthly amounts for 2019
20182019 a
Eligible individual $9,007.46$9,259.67$771
Eligible couple 13,509.7013,887.971,157
Essential person 4,514.064,640.45386
a The unrounded amounts for 2019 equal the unrounded amounts for 2018 increased by 2.8 percent.

Payment reduction
The monthly amount is reduced by subtracting monthly countable income. In the case of an eligible individual with an eligible spouse, the amount payable is further divided equally between the two spouses. Some States supplement SSI benefits.