The Mental Health Treatment Study (MHTS) focused on the impact that better access to treatment and employment support services had on outcomes such as medical recovery, functioning, employment, and benefit receipt for SSDI beneficiaries with a primary diagnosis of schizophrenia or affective disorder. The evaluation assesses the impact of the intervention, package, including, to the extent practical, an identification of the specific factors within the interventions that result in positive employment outcomes.

What Locations were Involved?

Bridgeport, CT

Chicago, IL

Norwich, CT

Peoria, IL

Manchester, NH

Spring Lake Park, MN

Framingham, MA

Mentor, OH

New York, NY

Indianapolis, IN

Bethesda, MD

Kansas City, KS

Washington, DC

Denver, CO

Ft. Lauderdale, FL

Grants Pass, OR

St. Petersburg, FL

Vancouver, WA

Smyrna, GA

Portland, OR

Aiken, SC

San Antonio, TX

How did it work?

The MHTS provided mental health disorder treatments (pharmaceutical and psychotherapeutic) and employment supports that participants’ other insurance did not pay for were not covered by other insurance. SSA awarded the contract for the study to Westat in September 2005. Westat collaborated with the University of Maryland Baltimore County, Value Options, Dartmouth, the University of Texas at San Antonio, and Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis to implement the study. Recruitment of participants began in September 2006. The study remained in the field for 4 years.  Westat delivered the final report in the summer of 2011.

The study addressed several research questions, including:

(A) Did providing psychosocial services, drugs and employment services improve the health status and functioning of DI beneficiaries with mental disorders?

(B) Did some subgroups of beneficiaries with mental disorders benefit more than others did?

(C) Was treatment more cost effective for some subgroups of beneficiaries?

(D) If beneficiaries declined to participate, what were the primary reasons?

(E) If treatment was unsuccessful, what were the primary reasons?

(F) What were the characteristics of beneficiaries who significantly increased activity as a result of treatment?

What were SSA's Expectations?

The proportion of SSDI beneficiaries qualifying for benefits due to a mental disorder has been growing. While most forms of mental illness are treatable, many beneficiaries with mental impairments do not receive the treatment and employment support services that could assist them in enhancing their ability to work.

Find more information on the agency’s role in supporting the President’s Initiative, see our Service to the Homeless website.

For More Information

See the MHTS Catalogue of Community and National Resources.
(6.17 MB pdf)  Requires Acrobat Reader  [Disclaimer]

For alternative catalogue formats, please see:

Part 1 .doc .txt
Part 2 .doc .txt


If you wish to print out this fact sheet, choose this printer-friendly version.


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