The Authors:

ARTHUR J. ALTMEYER. A member of the Social Security Board from 1934 to 1946, Mr. Altmeyer served as its chairman from 1937 to 1946, when he became Commissioner of Social Security, serving until 1953. He was president of the National Conference on Social Work, 1954-55, and was social welfare advisor to the governments of Iran and Turkey in 1955. Among many other activities in the field of welfare, Mr. Altmeyer has been executive director of the preparatory commission of the International Refugee Organization, 1947; U.S. representative to the Social Commission of the UN, 1946-53; a member of the executive committee of the National Youth Administration; and chairman of the permanent committee of the Inter-American Conference on Social Security from 1942 to 1952. He is now Lecturer in Economics and Social Work at the University of Wisconsin and visiting Professor in Public Welfare Administration at the University of Chicago.

ROBERT M. BALL. The author of a number of books on Old Age and Survivors Insurance, Mr. Ball is now deputy director of OASI, Social Security Administration. He was associated with OASI from 1939 to 1946 and then served as assistant director of the committee on education and social security of the American Council on Education from 1946 to 1949 and as staff director of the advisory council on social security to the U.S. Senate Finance Committee from 1947 to 1948. He was staff director of the pension study of the National Planning Association from 1950 to 1952, and was assistant director of OASI from 1949 to 1952. He has held the position of deputy director of OASI since 1953.

FRANK BANE. The first administrative post in the social security program of the United States was held by Mr. Bane as executive director of the Social Security Board named to translate into reality the provisions of the Social Security Act passed by the Congress in the summer of 1935. This was only one of the many contributions to better government made by Mr. Bane over many years of service to his country. Among other posts he has held are executive director of the Council of State Governments, 1938 to 1958; commissioner of public welfare, Virginia; general consultant to the Federal Emergency Relief Administration, and executive director of the Federal Social Security Board. He was the first director of APWA and later was its president. Currently he is chairman of the Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations.

WILBUR J. COHEN. Active in many areas of public welfare throughout his career, Mr. Cohen served as research assistant to the executive director (Dr. Witte) of the President's Committee on Economic Security from 1934 to 1935, as a member of the committee on public administration of the Social Science Research Council in 1935, as technical adviser to the Social Security Administration from 1936 to 1954, and as director of research for the Social Security Administration from 1953 to 1956. He has been Professor of Public Welfare Administration, School of Social Work, University of Michigan, since 1956.

JANE M. HOEY. Director of the Bureau of Public Assistance of the Social Security Administration from 1936 to 1954, Miss Hoey was a member of the New York Crime Commission and the State Correction Commission during 1926-1936. She served on the New York Commission on the Education of Inmates from 1933 to 1936. In 1954-1957 she was director of social research for the National Tuberculosis Association, and was president of the National Council on Social Work from 1940 to 1941. She is now an active leader on the boards of a number of welfare organizations and agencies, both local and national.

ROBERT LANSDALE. Now Professor of Social Welfare at Florida State University, where he has been since 1955, throughout his career Mr. Lansdale has held a number of administrative posts in the welfare field and several teaching appointments. From 1930 to 1934 he was assistant to the commissioner of the U.S. Office of Indian Affairs, and was administrative assistant in the Federal Emergency Relief Administration from 1934 to 1935. He was commissioner of the New York State Department of Social Welfare from 1943 to 1953. A field consultant to APWA from 1932 to 1942, he has also been the director of state and local organization studies of the Governor of New York's Commission on Unemployment Relief, 1935-6, and was in charge of old age assistance studies of the committee on public administration of the Social Science Research Council, 1936-37. He has lectured at many universities and was a member of the faculty of the New York School of Social Work from 1937 to 1943.

KATHARINE F. LENROOT. Associated with the U.S. Children's Bureau for many years, Miss Lenroot was assistant director of the social service division from 1915 to 1921, director of the editorial division from 1921 to 1922, assistant chief of the Bureau from 1922 to 1934, and Chief from 1934 to 1951. Amongmany other activities, she has served as president of the National Conference of Social Work in 1935, executive secretary of the White House Conference on Children in Democracy in 1940, and secretary of the United Nations' Temporary Social Commission in 1946. In recent years she has been very active as an advisor and consultant to a number of welfare organizations and has taken part in and directed several studies and surveys of child welfare.

WILLIAM L. MITCHELL. The present Commissioner of Social Security, in the '30's Mr. Mitchell was the Georgia state director and the southeast regional director of the National Recovery Administration and Georgia director of the National Emergency Council. He was assistant executive director of the Social Security Board from 1938 to 1946 and associate director of the Bureau of Employment Security in 1941. He has been a delegate to many international conferences on social security and headed U.S. delegations to the International Social Security Administration Conferences in London, beginning in 1958, and the International Conferences on Social Work held in 1954 in Toronto and 1958 in Tokyo. Having served as deputy commissioner of the Social Security Administration in 1946 and 1959, he is now its commissioner.

FRANCES PERKINS. Before serving as U.S. Secretary of Labor from 1933 to 1945, Miss Perkins held a number of administrative positions in New York governmental agencies for labor and industry, and was Industrial Commissioner of New York from 1929 to 1933. She served as chairman of the President's Commission on Economic Security in 1934, which drafted the Social Security Act of 1935, and was a member of the U.S. Civil Service Commission from 1946 to 1952. Miss Perkins has written several books on industry in the United States and is author of "The Roosevelt I Knew." She is now teaching at the New York State School of Industrial and Labor Relations, a unit of the State University of New York at Cornell University.

CHARLES I. SCHOTTLAND. Mr. Schottland, who is now the dean of the Florence Heller Graduate School for Advanced Studies in Social Welfare at Brandeis University, has had wide and varied experience in the welfare field. He was administrator of the California Relief Administration in 1933-36, executive director of the Federation of Jewish Welfare Organizations in Los Angeles in 1936-41, assistant to the chief of the U.S. Children's Bureau, 1941-42, assistant director of UNRRA for Germany in 1945, and served as director of the California Department of Social Welfare, 1950-54, and as Commissioner of Social Security Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, from 1954 to 1959.

JOHN W. TRAMBURG. Commissioner of the New Jersey Department of Institutions and Agencies since 1955, Mr. Tramburg was Commissioner of Social Security, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare from 1953 to 1954. He was educational advisor to the CCC in 1936-37, director of the Washington, D.C., Board of Public Welfare in 1948-50, and director of public welfare in Wisconsin, 1950-53 and 1954-55. He served as the chairman of APWA's National Council of State Public Assistance and Welfare Administrators from 1952 to 1953, and was president of APWA in 1955-56.

EDWIN E. WITTE. Executive Director and Secretary of the President's Committee on Economic Security in 1934-35, Dr. Witte was a member of the President's Committee on Administrative Management in 1936-37. His other government service included membership on the Advisory Council on Social Security in 1937-38 and the Federal Advisory Council for Employment Security; special agent of the National Defense Mediation Board during World War II; member of the U.S. Atomic Energy Labor Relations panel; chief of the Wisconsin Legislative Reference Library and secretary of the Wisconsin Industrial Commission. Dr. Witte retired in 1957 as head of the Economics Department at the University of Wisconsin after 37 years there as a lecturer and professor in economics. Since then he had been visiting professor of economics at Michigan State University until his death this spring.