Research and Analysis by Dale Kintzel

A Comparison of Free Online Tools for Individuals Deciding When to Claim Social Security Benefits
Research and Statistics Note No. 2016-03 (released December 2016)
by Patricia P. Martin and Dale Kintzel

When to claim Social Security retirement benefits is one of the most important financial decisions many people make. The Social Security Administration (SSA) provides a variety of online tools and publications to help individuals decide on their own when to claim benefits but maintains a neutral stance on when a person should claim. Because SSA remains neutral, other government, nonprofit, academic, and for-profit entities have developed tools to assist the public with their claiming decision. This note analyzes the advantages and limitations of six online benefit calculators. Users of these online tools should consider the source of their information and understand that the benefit estimates they produce are based on different underlying assumptions, which can result in different estimated benefit amounts.

Portfolio Theory, Life-Cycle Investing, and Retirement Income
Policy Brief No. 2007-02 (released October 2007)
by Dale Kintzel

There has been much discussion recently about life-cycle funds and their role in providing a secure retirement income for older Americans. These funds, which gradually shift account assets from broad-based stock funds to bond funds as a participant ages, are becoming an important vehicle for retirement savings. This policy brief explores the economic rationale behind the life-cycle approach and the advantages and limitations of life-cycle funds.