Research & Analysis by Martynas A. Yčas

The Canadian Safety Net for the Elderly
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 68, No. 2 (released October 2008)
by Michael Wiseman and Martynas A. Yčas

Canada's Public Pensions System is widely applauded for reducing poverty among the elderly. This article reviews benefits provided to Canada's older people and compares the Canadian system to the U.S. Supplemental Security Income program. Although Canada's system would probably be judged prohibitively expensive for the United States, the authors argue that there are nevertheless lessons to be learned from the Canadian experience.

The Issue Unresolved: Innovating and Adapting Disability Programs for the Third Era of Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 58, No. 1 (released January 1995)
by Martynas A. Yčas

The history of the Social Security programs in the United States falls into several distinct eras, defined by changing social, demographic, and economic conditions. At present the retirement components of these programs is moving into a stage of program maturation, which poses certain relatively well-understood changes to policymakers. The disability programs are also moving into the same set of societal conditions, but their impact is considerably more difficult to predict. Already disability incidence rates have experienced disturbingly large and poorly understood shifts. Developing a way to predict these shifts and to deal with the challenges that they make for existing programs is therefore a major priority of Social Security's current research agenda.

The Challenge of the 21st Century: Innovating and Adapting Social Security Systems to Economic, Social, and Demographic Changes in the English-Speaking Americas
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 57, No. 4 (released October 1994)
by Martynas A. Yčas

The Social Security Programs in the United States are complex and have evolved over a long span of years. However, it is possible to categorize much of this experience into two different eras in which Social Security functioned in a distinctive environment, and a third era that is now beginning. The middle third of this century was an "age of invention," in which the programs grew rapidly under favorable social and economic conditions. Since then, the programs have experienced an "age of accommodation," in which growing financial constraints have permitted only limited changes in the program. We can look forward to an "age of maturation" in the decades to come, as most persons reaching retirement will have been covered by Social Security during their entire working careers. The declining ratio of workers to beneficiaries and a wide range of demographic and social changes will present significant challenges. The Social Security programs must change considerably to respond to the demands of a new era, and vigorous efforts to do so are underway.

The New Beneficiary Data System: The First Phase
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 55, No. 2 (released April 1992)
by Martynas A. Yčas

Women, Marriage, and Social Security Benefits
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 51, No. 5 (released May 1988)
by Howard M. Iams and Martynas A. Yčas

Income of Retirement-Aged Persons in the United States
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 50, No. 7 (released July 1987)
by Martynas A. Yčas and Susan Grad

Recent Trends in Health Near the Age of Retirement: New Findings From the Health Interview Survey
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 50, No. 2 (released February 1987)
by Martynas A. Yčas

Asset Holdings of the Newly Disabled: Findings From the New Beneficiary Survey
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 49, No. 12 (released December 1986)
by Martynas A. Yčas

The Income Survey Development Program: Design Features and Initial Findings
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 44, No. 11 (released November 1981)
by Martynas A. Yčas and Charles A. Lininger