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Earnings of Women Aged 20–59, by Race and Ethnicity, 2005–2019

Released: May 2021

DEFINITION: Earnings consist of all wages, salaries, and self-employment income in covered and noncovered employment, including earnings that exceed the annual taxable maximum.

Chart. Title: Real Median Annual Earnings of Women Aged 20-59, by Race and Hispanic Ethnicity, 2005-2019 (in 2020 dollars). Bar chart with tabular version below.
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Table equivalent for chart: Real Median Annual Earnings of Women Aged 20–59, by Race and Ethnicity, 2005–2019 (in 2020 dollars)
Two-year period White, not Hispanic Black, not Hispanic Hispanic Asian
2005/2006 33,543 28,930 24,724 37,403
2010/2011 33,376 26,396 24,032 36,945
2015/2016 36,459 27,409 24,680 37,556
2018/2019 37,755 29,901 27,852 42,188
  • Real median annual earnings of women aged 20–59 fell between 2005/2006 and 2010/2011 as a result of the Great Recession of 2007–2009. Women's earnings have risen in recent years, but differ substantially by race and ethnicity.
  • In 2018/2019, real median annual earnings among—
    • White, non-Hispanic women were $37,755—3.6% more than 2015/2016 and 12.6% more than 2005/2006.
    • Black, non-Hispanic women were $29,901—9.1% more than 2015/2016 and 3.4% more than 2005/2006.
    • Hispanic women were $27,852—12.9% more than 2015/2016 and 12.6% more than 2005/2006.
    • Women of Asian heritage were $42,188—12.3% more than 2015/2016 and 12.8% more than 2005/2006.

SOURCE: Social Security Administration (SSA) calculations using SSA earnings data linked to Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement public-use files.

NOTES: Earnings are indexed to 2020 values based on the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers.

Includes workers with annual earnings equal to or greater than one earnings credit. In 2020 dollars, the earnings required to earn a single credit were $1,217 in 2005 and $1,375 in 2019.

Real median earnings are shown for 2-year periods to reduce annual variability that can occur when sampling relatively small demographic groups.