Longitudinal Patterns of Disability Program Participation and Mortality Across Childhood SSI Award Cohorts

by Kalman Rupp, Jeffrey Hemmeter, and Paul S. Davies
Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 75, No. 1, 2015
Table equivalent for Chart 1. SSI and/or DI program participation and mortality experience of the 1980 cohort of SSI childhood awardees aged 17 at award
Age SSI Only Concurrent DI Only Neither SSI nor DI, alive Dead
18 75.67 12.32 2.24 8.53 1.24
19 74.03 12.15 2.78 8.47 2.58
20 70.25 12.08 3.38 10.91 3.38
21 67.37 13.22 3.38 11.91 4.12
22 63.99 13.65 3.98 13.79 4.59
23 61.65 14.49 4.38 14.29 5.19
24 58.40 16.03 4.85 14.79 5.92
25 56.09 16.70 5.49 15.26 6.46
26 53.15 17.27 6.43 16.13 7.03
27 51.20 17.30 7.26 16.60 7.63
28 49.26 18.17 7.76 16.60 8.20
29 47.89 18.64 8.53 16.43 8.50
30 45.92 18.78 9.87 16.30 9.14
31 43.94 19.61 10.54 16.16 9.74
32 41.90 19.88 11.41 16.43 10.37
33 40.09 19.75 11.88 17.20 11.08
34 38.62 19.85 12.82 17.20 11.51
35 36.78 20.01 13.49 17.74 11.98
36 35.01 19.98 14.29 18.14 12.58
37 33.27 19.68 15.66 18.17 13.22
38 31.26 19.78 16.33 18.67 13.96
39 29.38 19.38 17.17 19.38 14.69
40 28.28 19.31 17.80 18.94 15.66
41 27.14 19.21 18.34 18.88 16.43
42 26.10 18.91 19.51 18.47 17.00
43 25.00 18.34 19.98 18.64 18.04
44 24.50 17.90 20.68 18.21 18.71
45 23.63 17.67 21.05 18.14 19.51
46 22.82 16.63 21.69 18.34 20.52
47 22.39 16.43 21.79 18.07 21.32
48 21.44 16.46 22.50 16.93 22.67
SOURCE: Authors' calculations using SSA administrative records.
NOTES: DI = Disability Insurance; SSA = Social Security Administration; SSI = Supplemental Security Income.
Table equivalent for Chart 2. SSI and/or DI program participation and mortality experience of the 2000 cohort of SSI childhood awardees aged 17 at award
Age SSI Only Concurrent DI Only Neither SSI nor DI, alive Dead
18 77.58 7.67 1.93 12.02 0.80
19 67.91 9.14 1.60 19.60 1.75
20 60.52 9.75 1.96 25.12 2.64
21 56.90 10.83 2.64 26.38 3.25
22 53.50 11.10 3.74 27.98 3.68
23 49.88 11.47 4.17 30.43 4.05
24 47.12 11.90 5.12 31.20 4.66
25 45.21 11.93 6.20 31.53 5.12
26 44.20 11.84 7.24 31.17 5.55
27 42.85 12.61 7.45 31.07 6.01
28 41.70 12.78 8.94 30.20 6.39
SOURCE: Authors' calculations using SSA administrative records.
NOTES: Data for ages older than 28 are not shown because those ages are reached beyond the last observation point for the 2000 awardee cohort at the time the data were originally extracted (2010).
DI = Disability Insurance; SSA = Social Security Administration; SSI = Supplemental Security Income.
Table equivalent for Chart 3. Percentage of childhood SSI awardees receiving SSI and/or DI benefits, by award cohort and years after initial award
Years after initial award 1980 cohort 1985 cohort 1990 cohort 1995 cohort 1997 cohort 2000 cohort
1 81.75 83.19 86.65 85.97 82.96 84.82
5 68.34 70.34 79.21 53.37 55.83 61.26
10 65.23 68.43 58.67 42.35 46.33 50.54
13 . . . . . . . . . . . . 44.17 . . .
15 66.89 60.58 54.08 39.61 . . . . . .
20 63.45 60.80 56.24 . . . . . . . . .
25 60.11 58.79 . . . . . . . . . . . .
30 57.82 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SOURCE: Authors' calculations using SSA administrative records.
NOTES: DI = Disability Insurance; SSA = Social Security Administration; SSI = Supplemental Security Income; . . . = not applicable.
Table equivalent for Chart 4. Mortality experience of childhood SSI awardees, by award cohort and years after initial award
Years after initial award 1980 cohort 1985 cohort 1990 cohort 1995 cohort 1997 cohort 2000 cohort
1 3.14 3.09 2.50 1.59 1.95 1.65
5 6.57 6.88 5.16 2.81 3.46 2.92
10 9.35 9.57 7.07 3.93 4.62 4.00
13 . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.35 . . .
15 12.10 12.14 9.16 5.19 . . . . . .
20 14.85 15.02 11.44 . . . . . . . . .
25 17.98 18.01 . . . . . . . . . . . .
30 21.25 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SOURCE: Authors' calculations using SSA administrative records.
NOTE: SSA = Social Security Administration; SSI = Supplemental Security Income; . . . = not applicable.
Table equivalent for Chart 5. Percentage of surviving childhood SSI awardees receiving neither SSI nor DI disability benefits, by award cohort and years after initial award
Years after initial award 1980 cohort 1985 cohort 1990 cohort 1995 cohort 1997 cohort 2000 cohort
1 15.59 14.15 11.13 12.65 15.39 13.75
5 26.85 24.46 16.48 45.09 42.17 36.89
10 28.03 24.33 36.87 55.92 51.42 47.36
13 . . . . . . . . . . . . 53.34 . . .
15 23.90 31.06 40.47 58.22 . . . . . .
20 25.47 28.44 36.51 . . . . . . . . .
25 26.73 28.30 . . . . . . . . . . . .
30 26.58 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SOURCE: Authors' calculations using SSA administrative records.
NOTES: DI = Disability Insurance; SSA = Social Security Administration; SSI = Supplemental Security Income; . . . = not applicable.
Table equivalent for Chart 6. Percentage of surviving childhood SSI awardees receiving neither SSI nor DI disability benefits, by award cohort and calendar year
Calendar year 1980 cohort 1985 cohort 1990 cohort 1995 cohort 1997 cohort 2000 cohort
1981 15.59 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1985 26.85 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1986 . . . 14.15 . . . . . . . . . . . .
1990 28.03 24.46 . . . . . . . . . . . .
1991 . . . . . . 11.13 . . . . . . . . .
1995 23.90 24.33 16.48 . . . . . . . . .
1996 . . . . . . . . . 12.65 . . . . . .
1998 . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.39 . . .
2000 25.47 31.06 36.87 45.09 . . .  
2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13.75
2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . 42.17 . . .
2005 26.73 28.44 40.47 55.92 . . . 36.89
2007 . . . . . . . . . . . . 51.42 . . .
2010 26.58 28.30 36.51 58.22 53.34 47.36
SOURCE: Authors' calculations using SSA administrative records.
NOTES: DI = Disability Insurance; SSA = Social Security Administration; SSI = Supplemental Security Income; . . . = not applicable.
Table equivalent for Chart 7. Model-predicted percentage of surviving childhood SSI awardees receiving neither SSI nor DI disability benefits, by award cohort and years after initial award
Years after initial award 1985 mix 1990 mix 1995 mix 1997 mix 2000 mix
  2000 model predictions a
5 33.5 33.0 34.9 36.9 . . .
10 41.1 41.9 44.6 45.4 . . .
  1985 model predictions b
5 . . . 22.3 21.8 22.7 22.3
10 . . . 21.2 20.9 22.3 21.5
15 . . . 26.6 26.1 . . . . . .
20 . . . 24.0 . . . . . . . . .
SOURCE: Authors' calculations using SSA administrative records.
NOTES: SSA = Social Security Administration; SSI = Supplemental Security Income; . . . = not applicable.
a. Predictions are based on the estimated coefficients of the 2000 model applied to the characteristics of the 1985, 1990, 1995, and 1997 awardees.
b. Predictions are based on the estimated coefficients of the 1985 model applied to the characteristics of the 1990, 1995, 1997, and 2000 awardees.
Table equivalent for Chart 8. Percentage of surviving childhood SSI awardees receiving DI benefits (DI only or concurrent DI/SSI), by award cohort and years after initial award
Years after initial award 1980 cohort 1985 cohort 1990 cohort 1995 cohort 1997 cohort 2000 cohort
1 1.25 0.73 0.62 0.30 0.28 0.28
5 5.44 4.32 3.16 3.04 2.74 2.29
10 13.94 11.46 10.98 10.65 8.44 7.64
13 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13.47 . . .
15 24.53 23.14 22.82 20.47 . . . . . .
20 36.60 35.48 32.50 . . . . . . . . .
25 46.66 43.92 . . . . . . . . . . . .
30 54.20 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SOURCE: Authors' calculations using SSA administrative records.
NOTES: DI = Disability Insurance; SSA = Social Security Administration; SSI = Supplemental Security Income; . . . = not applicable.