Selected Research & Analysis: Demographic Characteristics > Veterans

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NOTE: Content on this page is intended for the research and policy analysis community and may not reflect current program information for Wounded Warriors.

Related Fact Sheet

Veteran Beneficiaries, 2022
Population Profile (released November 2022)
Female Veterans: Socioeconomic Characteristics and Disability Patterns Among Social Security Beneficiaries
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 83, No. 2 (released May 2023)
by Christopher R. Tamborini and Patrick J. Purcell

Using data collected by the Census Bureau in its American Community Survey during the period 2015–2019, the authors examine the socioeconomic and demographic characteristics of female veterans, focusing on those who receive Social Security income. They first compare key demographic and economic traits of female veterans with those of female nonveterans and male veterans. Then they present results for female veteran beneficiaries, female nonveteran beneficiaries, and male veteran beneficiaries.

Retirement and Socioeconomic Characteristics of Aged Veterans: Differences by Education and Race/Ethnicity
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 79, No. 1 (released February 2019)
by Christopher R. Tamborini, Patrick J. Purcell, and Anya Olsen

This article's authors use data from the 1995 and 2015 Current Population Surveys to provide multi-layered descriptive statistics on the retirement and socioeconomic characteristics of veterans aged 55 or older. The authors explore indicators of family structure, work, income from Social Security and other sources, and economic security. They also investigate differences in educational attainment and race/ethnicity within and across veteran and nonveteran samples over the two-decade span. Further, they account for age and cohort effects by separately analyzing three age groups: 55–61, 62–69, and 70 or older. The authors find important within-group differences among aged veterans across education and racial/ethnic groups and over time, and discuss the implications of their findings.

Veterans Who Apply for Social Security Disabled-Worker Benefits After Receiving a Department of Veterans Affairs Rating of “Total Disability” for Service-Connected Impairments: Characteristics and Outcomes
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 74, No. 3 (released August 2014)
by L. Scott Muller, Nancy Early, and Justin Ronca

This article examines the experiences of veterans with service-connected disabilities who encounter the disability compensation program of the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and the Social Security Administration's Disability Insurance (DI) program. The authors use matched administrative records from both agencies to track the characteristics and experiences of veterans who received VA ratings of “totally disabled” during fiscal years 2000–2006, focusing on the timing and outcomes of their applications for DI benefits and the prevalence of the primary diagnoses identified by both programs. The authors pay special attention to diagnoses of posttraumatic stress disorder and traumatic brain injury.

Military Veterans and Social Security: 2010 Update
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 71, No. 2 (released May 2011)
by Anya Olsen and Samantha O'Leary

More than one 1 of 5 adult Social Security beneficiaries has served in the military, and veterans and their families comprise 35 percent of the beneficiary population. Using data from the March 2010 Current Population Survey (CPS), this article presents the sociodemographic characteristics of the veteran beneficiary and the total veteran populations. The article draws comparisons with findings from the March 2000 CPS and the March 2004 CPS, and describes trends in the size and demographic makeup of the veteran population using data from the Department of Veterans Affairs' VetPop2007 projection model.

Military Veterans and Social Security
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 66, No. 2 (released May 2006)
by Anya Olsen

About one out of every four adult Social Security beneficiaries has served in the United States military, making military veterans and their families an important group to study. This article provides information on the demographic characteristics of military veterans, including their age, sex, marital status, education, and race and ethnicity. It also examines their economic status by looking at poverty levels and Social Security benefit payments. Information is based on data from the March 2004 Current Population Survey, a large, nationally representative survey of U.S. households.

Legislative History of Title VIII of the Social Security Act
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 64, No. 1 (released April 2002)
by Adrienne Croll

This article details the congressional effort to recognize the important contributions of Filipino veterans in World War II that led to the enactment of a new title VIII of the Social Security Act, "Special Benefits for Certain World War II Veterans." It describes the evolution of a proposal to pay a reduced Supplemental Security Income (SSI) benefit to Filipino and other World War II veterans who want to return to their homeland or otherwise live outside the United States. The article highlights the different options considered and the early implementation of payments by the Social Security Administration under the new program. Title VIII is the first benefit program administered by the Social Security Administration since the enactment of the legislation that created the SSI program in 1972.

Military Veterans and Social Security
Research and Statistics Note No. 2001-01 (released February 2001)
by Robert V. Gesumaria and David A. Weaver

Military veterans constitute an important subgroup of Social Security beneficiaries. Because veterans are a large subgroup of Social Security beneficiaries and because policymakers have shown a clear interest in their well-being, it is important to understand how veterans and their dependents are currently faring. This note looks at the characteristics and trends in growth of the veteran and Social Security populations.

Summary of Major 1991 Legislation Affecting Veterans and Servicemembers
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 55, No. 3 (released July 1992)
by Rita L. DiSimone
Veterans' Compensation Program Amended
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 35, No. 9 (released September 1972)
Liberalization of Veterans' Income-Maintenance Programs
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 35, No. 4 (released April 1972)
Veterans' Legislation in 91st Congress
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 34, No. 5 (released May 1971)
Veterans' Legislation in 1968
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 32, No. 4 (released April 1969)
Legislation Affecting Veterans and Servicemen, 1965
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 29, No. 3 (released March 1966)
President's Commission on Veterans' Pensions: Recommendations
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 19, No. 8 (released August 1956)
by Michael S. March
State Aid to Veterans
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 8, No. 2 (released February 1945)
by Franklin M. Aaronson and Hilda Rosenbloom
Present Protections and Relief for Members of the Armed Forces
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 5, No. 12 (released December 1942)
by D. C. Bronson
Pensions and Compensation to Veterans and Their Dependents
from Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 5, No. 11 (released November 1942)
by Franklin M. Aaronson