1100.Social Security Coverage for the Self-Employed
1100.1When did Social Security coverage begin for self-employed people?
Most self-employed people became covered by Social Security in 1951.
1100.2What are the exceptions?
Farmers, ministers, and some other individuals (including certain professionals) were not covered until 1955;
Additional groups of professionals were covered for taxable years ending after 1955; and
Self-employed doctors of medicine were covered for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 1965.
Note: See §1122 for a detailed list of activities excluded from self-employment coverage.
1100.3How is self-employment income calculated?
“Self-employment income” that is creditable for Social Security is based on “net earnings from self-employment” derived from a “trade or business” covered by the law.
Payment from self-employment that is not covered under Social Security is included when figuring income for earnings test purposes. (See Chapter 18)
Last Revised: Jun. 23, 2005