Oddly enough, the correct answer
is both C. 1956 and D. 1961
In 1956, President Eisenhower signed
into law a provision allowing early retirement at age 62--but only
for women. In 1961, President Kennedy signed Amendents which extended
this option to men as well.
|President Kennedy signing the 1961 Amendments into law,
June 30, 1961. Shown with the President are (left to right)
Rep. Carl Albert (D-OK); Rep. Wilbur Mills (D-AR); Sen. John
J. Williams (R-DE); Rep. Thomas J. O'Brien (D-IL); Vice President
Lyndon B. Johnson; Sen. Robert S. Kerr (D-OK); Rep. John W.
Byrnes (R-WI); Abraham Ribicoff, Secretary of Health, Education,
and Welfare; and Wilbur J. Cohen, Assistant Secretary of Health,
Education, and Welfare. SSA History Archives.