Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2016

Beneficiaries Who Have Filed for Workers' Compensation or Public Disability Benefits

Notes

In December 2016, approximately 454,000 disabled workers on the Social Security Disability Insurance program had filed for workers' compensation or public disability benefits. Disability payments from private sources, such as private pension or insurance benefits, do not affect Social Security disability benefits, but workers' compensation and other public disability benefits may reduce them. Workers' compensation is paid to a worker because of a job-related injury or illness. It may be paid by federal or state workers' compensation agencies or employers or by insurance companies on behalf of employers.

Other public disability benefits that may affect Social Security disability benefits are those paid by a federal, state, or local government for disabling medical conditions that are not job related. Examples are civil service disability benefits, military disability benefits, state temporary disability benefits, and state or local government retirement benefits that are based on disability. Persons who receive Social Security disability benefits and one of the following types of public benefits will not have their Social Security disability benefit reduced:

  • Veterans Administration benefits;
  • State and local government benefits, if Social Security taxes were deducted from earnings; or
  • Supplemental Security Income.

The total amount received from workers' compensation or other public disability benefits and Social Security disability benefits cannot exceed 80 percent of the worker's average current earnings before he or she became disabled. The monthly Social Security disability benefit includes benefits payable to family members. If the total amount of these benefits exceeds 80 percent of average current earnings, the excess amount is deducted from the Social Security benefit. The benefit will be reduced until the month the worker reaches age 65 or the month the other benefits stop, whichever comes first.

Example

Before becoming disabled, the worker's average current earnings were $4,000 a month. The disabled worker, his or her spouse, and their two children would be eligible to receive a total of $2,200 a month in Social Security disability benefits. However, the disabled worker also receives $2,000 a month from workers' compensation. Because the total amount of benefits received ($4,200) is more than $3,200 (80 percent of average current earnings), the family's Social Security disability benefits will be reduced by $1,000.

Chart 7. Distribution of workers, by diagnostic group and sex, December 2016

Among disabled workers who are also receiving workers' compensation or public disability benefits, a disease of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue was the primary diagnosis in December 2016. Mental disorders were the second leading disabling condition. A disorder of the nervous system and sense organs was the third most common disability for women. Injuries were the third most common disability for men. All other impairments were fairly evenly split between men and women.

Bar chart linked to data in table format.
SOURCE: Table 34.
Table 31. Distribution of workers and dependents who have filed, by reason for having or not having an offset, December 2016
Reason Total Workers Spouses and children
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
All disabled beneficiaries and dependents 593,606 100.0 490,412 100.0 103,194 100.0
  With offset
Receipt of—  
Workers' compensation only  
Black Lung 468 0.1 339 0.1 129 0.1
Harbor Workers and Longshoremen 440 0.1 331 0.1 109 0.1
Federal employees 4,631 0.8 3,781 0.8 850 0.8
State 82,625 13.9 61,671 12.6 20,954 20.3
Public disability only  
Federal 759 0.1 680 0.1 79 0.1
State 7,869 1.3 6,639 1.4 1,230 1.2
Local 413 0.1 329 0.1 84 0.1
Workers' compensation and public disability 469 0.1 397 0.1 72 0.1
Social Security Disability Insurance (reverse offset) 47,244 8.0 39,132 8.0 8,112 7.9
  Without offset
High average current earnings 378,779 63.8 318,604 65.0 60,175 58.3
Entitlement to workers' compensation or public disability benefits is pending 69,909 11.8 58,509 11.9 11,400 11.0
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Workers' Compensation and Public Disability Benefit file, 100 percent data.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 32. Distribution of workers and dependents who have filed, by state or other area of residence, December 2016
State or area Total Workers Spouses and children
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
All areas 593,606 100.0 490,412 100.0 103,194 100.0
Alabama 10,771 1.8 8,579 1.7 2,192 2.1
Alaska 406 0.1 345 0.1 61 0.1
Arizona 7,230 1.2 6,057 1.2 1,173 1.1
Arkansas 5,096 0.9 4,093 0.8 1,003 1.0
California 76,056 12.8 65,649 13.4 10,407 10.1
Colorado 6,913 1.2 5,849 1.2 1,064 1.0
Connecticut 5,126 0.9 4,258 0.9 868 0.8
Delaware 1,703 0.3 1,461 0.3 242 0.2
District of Columbia 289 (L) 267 0.1 22 (L)
Florida 30,961 5.2 25,840 5.3 5,121 5.0
Georgia 21,082 3.6 17,318 3.5 3,764 3.6
Hawaii 1,501 0.3 1,248 0.3 253 0.2
Idaho 2,043 0.3 1,674 0.3 369 0.4
Illinois 16,804 2.8 13,659 2.8 3,145 3.0
Indiana 4,337 0.7 3,515 0.7 822 0.8
Iowa 4,336 0.7 3,593 0.7 743 0.7
Kansas 3,046 0.5 2,505 0.5 541 0.5
Kentucky 15,201 2.6 12,248 2.5 2,953 2.9
Louisiana 8,834 1.5 6,919 1.4 1,915 1.9
Maine 5,168 0.9 4,366 0.9 802 0.8
Maryland 4,351 0.7 3,722 0.8 629 0.6
Massachusetts 16,136 2.7 12,960 2.6 3,176 3.1
Michigan 30,883 5.2 25,243 5.1 5,640 5.5
Minnesota 7,449 1.3 6,312 1.3 1,137 1.1
Mississippi 5,779 1.0 4,600 0.9 1,179 1.1
Missouri 10,238 1.7 8,511 1.7 1,727 1.7
Montana 1,953 0.3 1,667 0.3 286 0.3
Nebraska 1,677 0.3 1,348 0.3 329 0.3
Nevada 3,449 0.6 2,965 0.6 484 0.5
New Hampshire 3,859 0.7 3,123 0.6 736 0.7
New Jersey 14,039 2.4 11,233 2.3 2,806 2.7
New Mexico 3,087 0.5 2,620 0.5 467 0.5
New York 75,048 12.6 61,022 12.4 14,026 13.6
North Carolina 21,863 3.7 18,114 3.7 3,749 3.6
North Dakota 649 0.1 551 0.1 98 0.1
Ohio 13,739 2.3 11,706 2.4 2,033 2.0
Oklahoma 6,162 1.0 5,169 1.1 993 1.0
Oregon 5,877 1.0 5,008 1.0 869 0.8
Pennsylvania 37,285 6.3 30,340 6.2 6,945 6.7
Rhode Island 2,891 0.5 2,397 0.5 494 0.5
South Carolina 13,613 2.3 11,110 2.3 2,503 2.4
South Dakota 818 0.1 676 0.1 142 0.1
Tennessee 13,535 2.3 11,040 2.3 2,495 2.4
Texas 11,022 1.9 8,911 1.8 2,111 2.0
Utah 1,568 0.3 1,217 0.2 351 0.3
Vermont 1,006 0.2 846 0.2 160 0.2
Virginia 9,851 1.7 8,111 1.7 1,740 1.7
Washington 11,510 1.9 9,795 2.0 1,715 1.7
West Virginia 5,275 0.9 4,195 0.9 1,080 1.0
Wisconsin 7,243 1.2 5,957 1.2 1,286 1.2
Wyoming 466 0.1 389 0.1 77 0.1
Outlying areas  
Puerto Rico 23,229 3.9 19,259 3.9 3,970 3.8
Other a 131 (L) 91 (L) 40 (L)
Foreign countries 1,022 0.2 761 0.2 261 0.3
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Workers' Compensation and Public Disability Benefit file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Distribution is by state or other area of residence, not by the state paying benefits.
(L) = less than 0.05 percent.
a. Includes American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, and U.S. Virgin Islands.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 33. Distribution of workers who have filed, by diagnostic group and age, December 2016
Diagnostic group Total, all ages Under 35 35–39 40–44 45–49 50–54 55–59 60–64
  Number
Total 490,412 4,181 8,425 18,366 40,304 86,102 153,444 179,590
Congenital anomalies 234 (X) (X) 13 23 45 81 63
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 7,307 42 83 200 502 1,241 2,246 2,993
Infectious and parasitic diseases 2,938 19 50 102 241 608 863 1,055
Injuries 31,609 593 871 1,526 3,005 5,589 9,308 10,717
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders 41 7 3 3 6 7 9 6
Developmental disorders 93 (X) (X) 7 12 26 19 23
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified 72 (X) (X) 4 10 14 17 21
Intellectual disability 3,858 63 96 152 447 832 1,141 1,127
Mood disorders 43,607 492 913 2,023 4,400 8,443 12,541 14,795
Organic mental disorders 10,381 191 314 594 1,091 1,991 2,897 3,303
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 5,347 188 188 312 616 1,024 1,525 1,494
Other 10,491 290 425 665 1,279 2,187 2,754 2,891
Neoplasms 5,494 129 153 234 446 938 1,626 1,968
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 322 10 10 23 40 50 83 106
Circulatory system 14,743 78 156 335 863 2,146 4,591 6,574
Digestive system 2,656 48 57 103 206 450 798 994
Genitourinary system 2,628 96 99 172 333 537 689 702
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 308,696 1,409 4,121 10,121 23,206 52,828 100,421 116,590
Nervous system and sense organs 26,713 415 687 1,314 2,603 4,968 7,810 8,916
Respiratory system 6,489 25 46 134 349 977 2,108 2,850
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 490 11 17 24 43 85 150 160
Other 447 4 6 18 48 69 142 160
Unknown 5,756 61 119 287 535 1,047 1,625 2,082
  Percent
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Congenital anomalies (L) (X) (X) 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 (L)
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 1.5 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.5 1.7
Infectious and parasitic diseases 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6
Injuries 6.4 14.2 10.3 8.3 7.5 6.5 6.1 6.0
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders (L) 0.2 (L) (L) (L) (L) (L) (L)
Developmental disorders (L) (X) (X) (L) (L) (L) (L) (L)
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified (L) (X) (X) (L) (L) (L) (L) (L)
Intellectual disability 0.8 1.5 1.1 0.8 1.1 1.0 0.7 0.6
Mood disorders 8.9 11.8 10.8 11.0 10.9 9.8 8.2 8.2
Organic mental disorders 2.1 4.6 3.7 3.2 2.7 2.3 1.9 1.8
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 1.1 4.5 2.2 1.7 1.5 1.2 1.0 0.8
Other 2.1 6.9 5.0 3.6 3.2 2.5 1.8 1.6
Neoplasms 1.1 3.1 1.8 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Circulatory system 3.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 2.1 2.5 3.0 3.7
Digestive system 0.5 1.1 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6
Genitourinary system 0.5 2.3 1.2 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.4
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 62.9 33.7 48.9 55.1 57.6 61.4 65.4 64.9
Nervous system and sense organs 5.4 9.9 8.2 7.2 6.5 5.8 5.1 5.0
Respiratory system 1.3 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.9 1.1 1.4 1.6
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Other 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Unknown 1.2 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.2
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Workers' Compensation and Public Disability Benefit file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: (X) = suppressed to avoid disclosing information about particular individuals; (L) = less than 0.05 percent.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 34. Distribution of workers who have filed, by diagnostic group and sex, December 2016
Diagnostic group Total Men Women
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
All disabled workers 490,412 100.0 298,815 100.0 191,597 100.0
Congenital anomalies 234 (L) 124 (L) 110 0.1
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 7,307 1.5 3,786 1.3 3,521 1.8
Infectious and parasitic diseases 2,938 0.6 2,371 0.8 567 0.3
Injuries 31,609 6.4 23,701 7.9 7,908 4.1
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders 41 (L) 32 (L) 9 (L)
Developmental disorders 93 (L) 60 (L) 33 (L)
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified 72 (L) 42 (L) 30 (L)
Intellectual disability 3,858 0.8 2,934 1.0 924 0.5
Mood disorders 43,607 8.9 20,085 6.7 23,522 12.3
Organic mental disorders 10,381 2.1 7,753 2.6 2,628 1.4
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 5,347 1.1 3,525 1.2 1,822 1.0
Other 10,491 2.1 5,428 1.8 5,063 2.6
Neoplasms 5,494 1.1 2,939 1.0 2,555 1.3
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 322 0.1 166 0.1 156 0.1
Circulatory system 14,743 3.0 10,816 3.6 3,927 2.0
Digestive system 2,656 0.5 1,629 0.5 1,027 0.5
Genitourinary system 2,628 0.5 1,800 0.6 828 0.4
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 308,696 62.9 190,879 63.9 117,817 61.5
Nervous system and sense organs 26,713 5.4 13,408 4.5 13,305 6.9
Respiratory system 6,489 1.3 3,775 1.3 2,714 1.4
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 490 0.1 256 0.1 234 0.1
Other 447 0.1 203 0.1 244 0.1
Unknown 5,756 1.2 3,103 1.0 2,653 1.4
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Workers' Compensation and Public Disability Benefit file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: (L) = less than 0.05 percent.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.