Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2016

Beneficiaries Who Have Filed for Workers' Compensation or Public Disability Benefits

Notes

In December 2016, approximately 454,000 disabled workers on the Social Security Disability Insurance program had filed for workers' compensation or public disability benefits. Disability payments from private sources, such as private pension or insurance benefits, do not affect Social Security disability benefits, but workers' compensation and other public disability benefits may reduce them. Workers' compensation is paid to a worker because of a job-related injury or illness. It may be paid by federal or state workers' compensation agencies or employers or by insurance companies on behalf of employers.

Other public disability benefits that may affect Social Security disability benefits are those paid by a federal, state, or local government for disabling medical conditions that are not job related. Examples are civil service disability benefits, military disability benefits, state temporary disability benefits, and state or local government retirement benefits that are based on disability. Persons who receive Social Security disability benefits and one of the following types of public benefits will not have their Social Security disability benefit reduced:

  • Veterans Administration benefits;
  • State and local government benefits, if Social Security taxes were deducted from earnings; or
  • Supplemental Security Income.

The total amount received from workers' compensation or other public disability benefits and Social Security disability benefits cannot exceed 80 percent of the worker's average current earnings before he or she became disabled. The monthly Social Security disability benefit includes benefits payable to family members. If the total amount of these benefits exceeds 80 percent of average current earnings, the excess amount is deducted from the Social Security benefit. The benefit will be reduced until the month the worker reaches age 65 or the month the other benefits stop, whichever comes first.

Example

Before becoming disabled, the worker's average current earnings were $4,000 a month. The disabled worker, his or her spouse, and their two children would be eligible to receive a total of $2,200 a month in Social Security disability benefits. However, the disabled worker also receives $2,000 a month from workers' compensation. Because the total amount of benefits received ($4,200) is more than $3,200 (80 percent of average current earnings), the family's Social Security disability benefits will be reduced by $1,000.

Chart 7. Distribution of workers, by diagnostic group and sex, December 2016

Among disabled workers who are also receiving workers' compensation or public disability benefits, a disease of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue was the primary diagnosis in December 2016. Mental disorders were the second leading disabling condition. A disorder of the nervous system and sense organs was the third most common disability for women. Injuries were the third most common disability for men. All other impairments were fairly evenly split between men and women.

Bar chart linked to data in table format.
SOURCE: Table 34.
Table 31. Distribution of workers and dependents who have filed, by reason for having or not having an offset, December 2016
Reason Total Workers Spouses and children
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
All disabled beneficiaries and dependents 548,760 100.0 454,273 100.0 94,487 100.0
  With offset
Receipt of—  
Workers' compensation only  
Black Lung 415 0.1 299 0.1 116 0.1
Harbor Workers and Longshoremen 417 0.1 311 0.1 106 0.1
Federal employees 3,051 0.6 2,525 0.6 526 0.6
State 75,950 13.8 56,849 12.5 19,101 20.2
Public disability only  
Federal 760 0.1 685 0.2 75 0.1
State 5,537 1.0 4,651 1.0 886 0.9
Local 378 0.1 300 0.1 78 0.1
Workers' compensation and public disability 343 0.1 288 0.1 55 0.1
Social Security Disability Insurance (reverse offset) 44,709 8.1 37,209 8.2 7,500 7.9
  Without offset
High average current earnings 351,320 64.0 296,114 65.2 55,206 58.4
Entitlement to workers' compensation or public disability benefits is pending 65,880 12.0 55,042 12.1 10,838 11.5
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Workers' Compensation and Public Disability Benefit file, 100 percent data.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 32. Distribution of workers and dependents who have filed, by state or other area of residence, December 2016
State or area Total Workers Spouses and children
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
All areas 548,760 100.0 454,273 100.0 94,487 100.0
Alabama 10,059 1.8 8,047 1.8 2,012 2.1
Alaska 373 0.1 323 0.1 50 0.1
Arizona 6,823 1.2 5,751 1.3 1,072 1.1
Arkansas 4,822 0.9 3,892 0.9 930 1.0
California 68,973 12.6 59,758 13.2 9,215 9.8
Colorado 6,593 1.2 5,602 1.2 991 1.0
Connecticut 4,749 0.9 3,945 0.9 804 0.9
Delaware 1,585 0.3 1,359 0.3 226 0.2
District of Columbia 282 0.1 258 0.1 24 (L)
Florida 28,958 5.3 24,179 5.3 4,779 5.1
Georgia 19,476 3.5 16,044 3.5 3,432 3.6
Hawaii 1,384 0.3 1,158 0.3 226 0.2
Idaho 1,877 0.3 1,540 0.3 337 0.4
Illinois 15,500 2.8 12,621 2.8 2,879 3.0
Indiana 3,982 0.7 3,257 0.7 725 0.8
Iowa 4,047 0.7 3,338 0.7 709 0.8
Kansas 2,815 0.5 2,313 0.5 502 0.5
Kentucky 14,125 2.6 11,434 2.5 2,691 2.8
Louisiana 8,178 1.5 6,423 1.4 1,755 1.9
Maine 4,769 0.9 4,031 0.9 738 0.8
Maryland 4,018 0.7 3,445 0.8 573 0.6
Massachusetts 14,489 2.6 11,639 2.6 2,850 3.0
Michigan 28,723 5.2 23,580 5.2 5,143 5.4
Minnesota 6,747 1.2 5,706 1.3 1,041 1.1
Mississippi 5,414 1.0 4,303 0.9 1,111 1.2
Missouri 9,497 1.7 7,910 1.7 1,587 1.7
Montana 1,874 0.3 1,594 0.4 280 0.3
Nebraska 1,566 0.3 1,261 0.3 305 0.3
Nevada 3,203 0.6 2,773 0.6 430 0.5
New Hampshire 3,499 0.6 2,829 0.6 670 0.7
New Jersey 13,130 2.4 10,522 2.3 2,608 2.8
New Mexico 2,915 0.5 2,472 0.5 443 0.5
New York 69,492 12.7 56,604 12.5 12,888 13.6
North Carolina 20,236 3.7 16,757 3.7 3,479 3.7
North Dakota 607 0.1 513 0.1 94 0.1
Ohio 12,771 2.3 10,926 2.4 1,845 2.0
Oklahoma 5,712 1.0 4,794 1.1 918 1.0
Oregon 5,432 1.0 4,639 1.0 793 0.8
Pennsylvania 33,927 6.2 27,581 6.1 6,346 6.7
Rhode Island 2,599 0.5 2,156 0.5 443 0.5
South Carolina 12,717 2.3 10,395 2.3 2,322 2.5
South Dakota 770 0.1 641 0.1 129 0.1
Tennessee 12,574 2.3 10,269 2.3 2,305 2.4
Texas 10,145 1.8 8,235 1.8 1,910 2.0
Utah 1,482 0.3 1,162 0.3 320 0.3
Vermont 937 0.2 789 0.2 148 0.2
Virginia 9,059 1.7 7,474 1.6 1,585 1.7
Washington 10,491 1.9 8,947 2.0 1,544 1.6
West Virginia 4,867 0.9 3,899 0.9 968 1.0
Wisconsin 6,815 1.2 5,610 1.2 1,205 1.3
Wyoming 424 0.1 350 0.1 74 0.1
Outlying areas  
Puerto Rico 22,140 4.0 18,403 4.1 3,737 4.0
Other a 118 (L) 81 (L) 37 (L)
Foreign countries 1,000 0.2 741 0.2 259 0.3
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Workers' Compensation and Public Disability Benefit file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Distribution is by state or other area of residence, not by the state paying benefits.
(L) = less than 0.05 percent.
a. Includes American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, and U.S. Virgin Islands.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 33. Distribution of workers who have filed, by diagnostic group and age, December 2016
Diagnostic group Total, all ages Under 35 35–39 40–44 45–49 50–54 55–59 60–64
  Number
Total 454,273 3,625 7,615 16,592 36,900 78,833 141,533 169,175
Congenital anomalies 209 (X) (X) 8 23 42 67 61
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 6,935 35 69 184 466 1,164 2,127 2,890
Infectious and parasitic diseases 2,832 17 46 95 223 579 838 1,034
Injuries 29,442 525 803 1,375 2,800 5,189 8,642 10,108
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders 41 7 3 3 6 7 9 6
Developmental disorders 92 (X) (X) 7 12 25 18 23
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified 64 (X) (X) 4 8 10 16 20
Intellectual disability 3,756 57 91 139 434 805 1,121 1,109
Mood disorders 41,922 419 835 1,863 4,092 8,086 12,133 14,494
Organic mental disorders 9,808 167 301 546 993 1,849 2,765 3,187
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 5,218 156 165 294 596 996 1,517 1,494
Other 9,818 249 377 593 1,176 2,016 2,614 2,793
Neoplasms 4,395 79 106 183 322 723 1,293 1,689
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 291 10 8 19 33 46 77 98
Circulatory system 13,218 63 132 301 756 1,870 4,058 6,038
Digestive system 2,420 40 49 85 189 393 721 943
Genitourinary system 2,247 75 82 143 276 451 604 616
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 284,363 1,279 3,755 9,145 21,242 47,995 91,871 109,076
Nervous system and sense organs 24,924 347 609 1,183 2,346 4,585 7,317 8,537
Respiratory system 5,869 24 40 121 307 863 1,897 2,617
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 464 7 16 22 42 81 142 154
Other 429 4 7 18 46 64 131 159
Unknown 5,516 54 111 261 512 994 1,555 2,029
  Percent
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Congenital anomalies (L) (X) (X) (L) 0.1 0.1 (L) (L)
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 1.5 1.0 0.9 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.7
Infectious and parasitic diseases 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6
Injuries 6.5 14.5 10.5 8.3 7.6 6.6 6.1 6.0
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders (L) 0.2 (L) (L) (L) (L) (L) (L)
Developmental disorders (L) (X) (X) (L) (L) (L) (L) (L)
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified (L) (X) (X) (L) (L) (L) (L) (L)
Intellectual disability 0.8 1.6 1.2 0.8 1.2 1.0 0.8 0.7
Mood disorders 9.2 11.6 11.0 11.2 11.1 10.3 8.6 8.6
Organic mental disorders 2.2 4.6 4.0 3.3 2.7 2.3 2.0 1.9
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 1.1 4.3 2.2 1.8 1.6 1.3 1.1 0.9
Other 2.2 6.9 5.0 3.6 3.2 2.6 1.8 1.7
Neoplasms 1.0 2.2 1.4 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Circulatory system 2.9 1.7 1.7 1.8 2.0 2.4 2.9 3.6
Digestive system 0.5 1.1 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6
Genitourinary system 0.5 2.1 1.1 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.4
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 62.6 35.3 49.3 55.1 57.6 60.9 64.9 64.5
Nervous system and sense organs 5.5 9.6 8.0 7.1 6.4 5.8 5.2 5.0
Respiratory system 1.3 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.8 1.1 1.3 1.5
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Other 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Unknown 1.2 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.1 1.2
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Workers' Compensation and Public Disability Benefit file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: (X) = suppressed to avoid disclosing information about particular individuals; (L) = less than 0.05 percent.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 34. Distribution of workers who have filed, by diagnostic group and sex, December 2016
Diagnostic group Total Men Women
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
All disabled workers 454,273 100.0 275,231 100.0 179,042 100.0
Congenital anomalies 209 (L) 106 (L) 103 0.1
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 6,935 1.5 3,554 1.3 3,381 1.9
Infectious and parasitic diseases 2,832 0.6 2,292 0.8 540 0.3
Injuries 29,442 6.5 22,042 8.0 7,400 4.1
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders 41 (L) 32 (L) 9 (L)
Developmental disorders 92 (L) 59 (L) 33 (L)
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified 64 (L) 39 (L) 25 (L)
Intellectual disability 3,756 0.8 2,852 1.0 904 0.5
Mood disorders 41,922 9.2 19,187 7.0 22,735 12.7
Organic mental disorders 9,808 2.2 7,346 2.7 2,462 1.4
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 5,218 1.1 3,439 1.2 1,779 1.0
Other 9,818 2.2 5,071 1.8 4,747 2.7
Neoplasms 4,395 1.0 2,328 0.8 2,067 1.2
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 291 0.1 146 0.1 145 0.1
Circulatory system 13,218 2.9 9,670 3.5 3,548 2.0
Digestive system 2,420 0.5 1,468 0.5 952 0.5
Genitourinary system 2,247 0.5 1,518 0.6 729 0.4
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 284,363 62.6 174,927 63.6 109,436 61.1
Nervous system and sense organs 24,924 5.5 12,395 4.5 12,529 7.0
Respiratory system 5,869 1.3 3,367 1.2 2,502 1.4
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 464 0.1 245 0.1 219 0.1
Other 429 0.1 191 0.1 238 0.1
Unknown 5,516 1.2 2,957 1.1 2,559 1.4
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Workers' Compensation and Public Disability Benefit file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: (L) = less than 0.05 percent.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.