Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2016

Benefits Awarded, Withheld, and Terminated

Disabled Workers Who Work

Table 52. Distribution of workers with benefits withheld because of substantial work, by diagnostic group and age, December 2016
Diagnostic group Total Under 30 30–39 40–49 50–59 60–FRA
  Number
Total 44,998 4,380 10,008 11,464 13,539 5,607
Congenital anomalies 110 27 39 33 (X) (X)
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 854 62 159 250 266 117
Infectious and parasitic diseases 1,094 65 224 355 373 77
Injuries 2,222 214 577 496 670 265
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders 320 220 70 16 (X) (X)
Developmental disorders 124 53 50 12 6 3
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified 121 66 36 10 (X) (X)
Intellectual disability 1,620 568 612 278 141 21
Mood disorders 7,550 638 2,007 2,455 1,972 478
Organic mental disorders 1,310 247 384 327 270 82
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 2,012 289 711 538 403 71
Other 2,372 298 868 691 419 96
Neoplasms 4,525 302 673 928 1,769 853
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 389 118 133 70 48 20
Circulatory system 1,957 62 210 407 758 520
Digestive system 1,068 71 204 235 371 187
Genitourinary system 1,932 144 496 623 521 148
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 9,343 218 927 2,125 3,962 2,111
Nervous system and sense organs 4,909 646 1,426 1,298 1,175 364
Respiratory system 616 24 74 134 240 144
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 139 11 36 44 38 10
Other 138 14 37 48 31 8
Unknown 273 23 55 91 77 27
  Percent
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Congenital anomalies 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.3 (X) (X)
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 1.9 1.4 1.6 2.2 2.0 2.1
Infectious and parasitic diseases 2.4 1.5 2.2 3.1 2.8 1.4
Injuries 4.9 4.9 5.8 4.3 4.9 4.7
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders 0.7 5.0 0.7 0.1 (X) (X)
Developmental disorders 0.3 1.2 0.5 0.1 (L) 0.1
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified 0.3 1.5 0.4 0.1 (X) (X)
Intellectual disability 3.6 13.0 6.1 2.4 1.0 0.4
Mood disorders 16.8 14.6 20.1 21.4 14.6 8.5
Organic mental disorders 2.9 5.6 3.8 2.9 2.0 1.5
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 4.5 6.6 7.1 4.7 3.0 1.3
Other 5.3 6.8 8.7 6.0 3.1 1.7
Neoplasms 10.1 6.9 6.7 8.1 13.1 15.2
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 0.9 2.7 1.3 0.6 0.4 0.4
Circulatory system 4.3 1.4 2.1 3.6 5.6 9.3
Digestive system 2.4 1.6 2.0 2.0 2.7 3.3
Genitourinary system 4.3 3.3 5.0 5.4 3.8 2.6
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 20.8 5.0 9.3 18.5 29.3 37.6
Nervous system and sense organs 10.9 14.7 14.2 11.3 8.7 6.5
Respiratory system 1.4 0.5 0.7 1.2 1.8 2.6
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.2
Other 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.1
Unknown 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.5
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Master Beneficiary Record, 100 percent data.
NOTES: These data represent the total number of beneficiaries with benefits withheld in December 2016 regardless of when their benefits were initially withheld.
FRA = full retirement age; (X) = suppressed to avoid disclosing information about particular individuals; (L) = less than 0.05 percent.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 53. Distribution of workers with benefits terminated because of successful return to work, by diagnostic group and age, 2016
Diagnostic group Total Under 30 30–39 40–49 50–59 60–FRA
  Number
Total 47,887 3,515 11,513 13,579 13,849 5,431
Congenital anomalies 142 32 65 25 (X) (X)
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 942 52 164 290 287 149
Infectious and parasitic diseases 1,465 26 270 505 544 120
Injuries 2,139 141 517 597 634 250
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders 307 148 120 25 14 0
Developmental disorders 161 46 72 25 18 0
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified 160 72 67 14 (X) (X)
Intellectual disability 3,427 681 1,433 841 400 72
Mood disorders 9,701 533 2,527 3,211 2,698 732
Organic mental disorders 1,733 245 469 455 433 131
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 2,524 153 849 786 606 130
Other 2,536 215 922 799 474 126
Neoplasms 2,375 127 358 542 926 422
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 486 121 184 113 52 16
Circulatory system 1,854 42 203 412 692 505
Digestive system 790 37 181 191 262 119
Genitourinary system 1,773 109 455 620 469 120
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 8,438 143 751 2,103 3,485 1,956
Nervous system and sense organs 5,578 516 1,648 1,685 1,372 357
Respiratory system 657 27 102 150 256 122
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 147 9 37 44 35 22
Other 146 13 32 34 50 17
Unknown 406 27 87 112 (X) (X)
  Percent
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Congenital anomalies 0.3 0.9 0.6 0.2 (X) (X)
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 2.0 1.5 1.4 2.1 2.1 2.7
Infectious and parasitic diseases 3.1 0.7 2.3 3.7 3.9 2.2
Injuries 4.5 4.0 4.5 4.4 4.6 4.6
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders 0.6 4.2 1.0 0.2 0.1 0.0
Developmental disorders 0.3 1.3 0.6 0.2 0.1 0.0
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified 0.3 2.0 0.6 0.1 (X) (X)
Intellectual disability 7.2 19.4 12.4 6.2 2.9 1.3
Mood disorders 20.3 15.2 21.9 23.6 19.5 13.5
Organic mental disorders 3.6 7.0 4.1 3.4 3.1 2.4
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 5.3 4.4 7.4 5.8 4.4 2.4
Other 5.3 6.1 8.0 5.9 3.4 2.3
Neoplasms 5.0 3.6 3.1 4.0 6.7 7.8
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 1.0 3.4 1.6 0.8 0.4 0.3
Circulatory system 3.9 1.2 1.8 3.0 5.0 9.3
Digestive system 1.6 1.1 1.6 1.4 1.9 2.2
Genitourinary system 3.7 3.1 4.0 4.6 3.4 2.2
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 17.6 4.1 6.5 15.5 25.2 36.0
Nervous system and sense organs 11.6 14.7 14.3 12.4 9.9 6.6
Respiratory system 1.4 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.8 2.2
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4
Other 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3
Unknown 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 (X) (X)
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Master Beneficiary Record, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Because of differences in data sources and calculation methods, statistics reported in this table may differ from those reported by the Office of the Chief Actuary.
FRA = full retirement age; (X) = suppressed to avoid disclosing information about particular individuals.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 54. Average monthly benefit for workers with benefits withheld because of substantial work, by diagnostic group and age, December 2016 (in dollars)
Diagnostic group Total Under 30 30–39 40–49 50–59 60–FRA
Total 1,311.29 977.16 1,190.14 1,309.59 1,429.71 1,506.06
Congenital anomalies 1,166.46 868.93 1,214.75 1,310.39 (X) (X)
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 1,236.44 991.15 1,194.31 1,178.68 1,312.64 1,373.89
Infectious and parasitic diseases 1,277.54 985.52 1,187.36 1,274.99 1,346.92 1,461.95
Injuries 1,447.31 1,209.91 1,370.64 1,438.33 1,532.47 1,607.49
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders 924.54 865.38 1,015.37 1,158.31 (X) (X)
Developmental disorders 963.34 881.98 1,003.70 1,006.08 968.83 1,546.00
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified 1,019.87 933.98 988.03 1,426.40 (X) (X)
Intellectual disability 920.48 864.96 956.46 947.96 933.62 921.52
Mood disorders 1,212.79 942.25 1,113.62 1,218.49 1,337.78 1,445.41
Organic mental disorders 1,210.91 922.21 1,177.32 1,258.02 1,364.97 1,542.74
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 1,101.57 909.46 1,061.67 1,159.48 1,221.34 1,164.32
Other 1,206.96 971.51 1,192.07 1,243.01 1,323.64 1,303.68
Neoplasms 1,576.67 1,108.03 1,426.40 1,610.38 1,643.00 1,686.90
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 1,265.15 1,047.82 1,213.45 1,392.15 1,518.26 1,839.25
Circulatory system 1,430.23 1,009.35 1,297.14 1,389.77 1,454.53 1,530.41
Digestive system 1,464.16 994.76 1,244.00 1,402.56 1,582.87 1,724.47
Genitourinary system 1,430.84 1,095.85 1,248.07 1,449.54 1,594.01 1,716.14
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 1,345.91 1,069.75 1,248.09 1,298.17 1,373.13 1,414.35
Nervous system and sense organs 1,322.52 1,007.44 1,227.23 1,350.76 1,498.46 1,586.31
Respiratory system 1,359.95 979.92 1,161.43 1,320.70 1,417.85 1,465.36
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 1,257.70 857.45 1,067.83 1,245.45 1,509.82 1,477.38
Other 1,272.30 915.21 1,153.08 1,273.63 1,485.98 1,612.63
Unknown 1,269.67 942.30 1,042.08 1,321.48 1,386.56 1,504.19
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Master Beneficiary Record, 100 percent data.
NOTES: FRA = full retirement age; (X) = suppressed to avoid disclosing information about particular individuals.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 55. Average monthly benefit for workers with benefits terminated because of successful return to work, by diagnostic group and age, 2016 (in dollars)
Diagnostic group Total Under 30 30–39 40–49 50–59 60–FRA
Total 1,209.45 1,022.58 1,112.21 1,183.64 1,292.20 1,390.07
Congenital anomalies 1,109.70 1,043.97 1,063.22 1,187.78 (X) (X)
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 1,173.28 1,066.09 1,159.28 1,153.50 1,179.07 1,253.48
Infectious and parasitic diseases 1,197.52 1,046.09 1,119.60 1,159.82 1,245.53 1,346.69
Injuries 1,365.66 1,202.93 1,338.09 1,323.79 1,423.27 1,468.33
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders 945.29 926.79 952.91 1,005.76 967.61 0.00
Developmental disorders 934.59 903.22 958.00 876.40 1,001.89 0.00
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified 979.98 976.42 981.45 945.87 (X) (X)
Intellectual disability 930.92 910.08 923.81 934.51 947.33 1,136.45
Mood disorders 1,155.68 989.53 1,084.35 1,138.24 1,225.52 1,341.97
Organic mental disorders 1,159.30 1,020.00 1,100.47 1,133.21 1,267.47 1,363.53
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 1,071.37 991.10 1,047.78 1,079.12 1,102.31 1,128.82
Other 1,115.01 1,011.99 1,109.05 1,113.43 1,155.33 1,192.74
Neoplasms 1,523.09 1,224.30 1,353.46 1,491.04 1,590.90 1,649.28
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 1,153.99 1,049.45 1,121.62 1,194.85 1,301.49 1,548.98
Circulatory system 1,339.36 1,142.70 1,155.03 1,278.85 1,388.78 1,411.44
Digestive system 1,363.78 1,106.41 1,223.62 1,390.06 1,419.67 1,491.77
Genitourinary system 1,323.22 1,075.11 1,205.19 1,313.97 1,449.61 1,549.97
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 1,284.56 1,143.34 1,200.20 1,222.30 1,297.34 1,371.43
Nervous system and sense organs 1,233.30 1,077.74 1,170.57 1,232.44 1,315.94 1,434.22
Respiratory system 1,211.79 1,131.59 1,120.05 1,066.51 1,279.18 1,343.45
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 1,179.03 1,044.85 1,092.73 1,032.31 1,312.09 1,460.82
Other 1,216.97 1,120.95 1,061.53 1,267.97 1,239.89 1,413.55
Unknown 1,202.82 1,135.68 1,102.98 1,178.07 (X) (X)
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Master Beneficiary Record, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Because of differences in data sources and calculation methods, statistics reported in this table may differ from those reported by the Office of the Chief Actuary.
FRA = full retirement age; (X) = suppressed to avoid disclosing information about particular individuals.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 56. Distribution, by state or other area, 2016
State or area All workers, December Workers with benefits withheld because of substantial work, December Workers with benefits terminated because of successful return to work, calendar year
Number Percentage of all workers Number Percentage of all workers
All areas 8,808,736 44,998 0.5 47,887 0.5
Alabama 230,951 611 0.3 810 0.4
Alaska 12,532 121 1.0 101 0.8
Arizona 154,824 706 0.5 827 0.5
Arkansas 138,619 462 0.3 623 0.4
California 682,668 4,370 0.6 4,035 0.6
Colorado 104,206 671 0.6 633 0.6
Connecticut 81,330 483 0.6 492 0.6
Delaware 27,481 123 0.4 190 0.7
District of Columbia 14,451 150 1.0 184 1.3
Florida 562,750 2,151 0.4 2,519 0.4
Georgia 284,601 1,013 0.4 1,387 0.5
Hawaii 22,275 145 0.7 142 0.6
Idaho 44,174 233 0.5 243 0.6
Illinois 284,951 1,529 0.5 1,823 0.6
Indiana 207,660 823 0.4 889 0.4
Iowa 77,750 488 0.6 512 0.7
Kansas 73,768 377 0.5 456 0.6
Kentucky 203,471 694 0.3 719 0.4
Louisiana 156,737 858 0.5 1,101 0.7
Maine 57,979 296 0.5 314 0.5
Maryland 130,269 907 0.7 1,032 0.8
Massachusetts 202,428 1,752 0.9 1,708 0.8
Michigan 346,000 1,390 0.4 1,630 0.5
Minnesota 124,537 1,138 0.9 1,099 0.9
Mississippi 128,746 355 0.3 487 0.4
Missouri 217,590 999 0.5 1,015 0.5
Montana 27,567 163 0.6 172 0.6
Nebraska 41,726 279 0.7 276 0.7
Nevada 65,717 336 0.5 375 0.6
New Hampshire 48,091 471 1.0 357 0.7
New Jersey 199,405 1,299 0.7 1,183 0.6
New Mexico 64,822 299 0.5 388 0.6
New York 502,062 3,610 0.7 3,140 0.6
North Carolina 325,037 976 0.3 1,193 0.4
North Dakota 13,926 124 0.9 170 1.2
Ohio 354,548 1,709 0.5 1,805 0.5
Oklahoma 126,364 531 0.4 629 0.5
Oregon 108,974 540 0.5 449 0.4
Pennsylvania 404,049 2,339 0.6 2,351 0.6
Rhode Island 37,393 202 0.5 189 0.5
South Carolina 176,723 510 0.3 615 0.3
South Dakota 19,081 122 0.6 147 0.8
Tennessee 249,055 695 0.3 868 0.3
Texas 564,733 3,858 0.7 4,691 0.8
Utah 47,560 389 0.8 320 0.7
Vermont 22,325 163 0.7 167 0.7
Virginia 211,614 891 0.4 1,082 0.5
Washington 178,805 1,276 0.7 958 0.5
West Virginia 89,508 253 0.3 313 0.3
Wisconsin 160,929 883 0.5 858 0.5
Wyoming 13,323 102 0.8 81 0.6
Outlying areas  
Puerto Rico 167,317 97 0.1 103 0.1
Other a 15,334 36 0.2 36 0.2
SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Master Beneficiary Record, 100 percent data, and Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 100 percent data. From 2012 and forward, Master Beneficiary Record, 100 percent data.
NOTE: Because of differences in data sources and calculation methods, statistics reported in this table may differ from those reported by the Office of the Chief Actuary.
a. Includes American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, U.S. Virgin Islands, and foreign countries.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 57. Distribution, by sex and age, 2016
Age group All workers, December Workers with benefits withheld because of substantial work, December Workers with benefits terminated because of successful return to work, calendar year
Number Percentage of all workers Number Percentage of all workers
  All disabled workers
Total 8,808,736 44,998 0.5 47,887 0.5
Under 30 151,375 4,380 2.9 3,515 2.3
30–39 658,583 10,008 1.5 11,513 1.7
40–49 1,363,280 11,464 0.8 13,579 1.0
50–59 3,540,613 13,539 0.4 13,849 0.4
60–FRA 3,094,885 5,607 0.2 5,431 0.2
  Men
Subtotal 4,510,579 25,348 0.6 25,029 0.6
Under 30 87,925 2,769 3.1 2,178 2.5
30–39 345,950 5,923 1.7 6,347 1.8
40–49 675,264 5,880 0.9 6,566 1.0
50–59 1,792,528 7,420 0.4 7,030 0.4
60–FRA 1,608,912 3,356 0.2 2,908 0.2
  Women
Subtotal 4,298,157 19,650 0.5 22,858 0.5
Under 30 63,450 1,611 2.5 1,337 2.1
30–39 312,633 4,085 1.3 5,166 1.7
40–49 688,016 5,584 0.8 7,013 1.0
50–59 1,748,085 6,119 0.4 6,819 0.4
60–FRA 1,485,973 2,251 0.2 2,523 0.2
SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Master Beneficiary Record, 100 percent data, and Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 100 percent data. From 2012 and forward, Master Beneficiary Record, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Because of differences in data sources and calculation methods, statistics reported in this table may differ from those reported by the Office of the Chief Actuary.
FRA = full retirement age.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 58. Work-incentive utilization among disabled workers, 2011–2015
Work-incentive category 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 a
Workers who participated in a trial work period (TWP) 218,260 235,201 231,248 230,898 218,358
Started a TWP 125,344 132,222 126,159 123,232 114,586
Completed a TWP 79,639 87,004 86,429 88,880 91,454
Workers with at least 1 suspension month because of earnings above the substantial gainful activity level
Extended period of eligibility 107,469 112,122 115,434 123,866 129,854
Initial reinstatement period 6,035 6,220 5,922 5,271 4,179
Favorable decision on expedited reinstatement request 12,254 11,108 10,059 8,755 8,432
Workers using miscellaneous work incentives for at least 1 month
Impairment-related work expenses 10,937 11,787 11,134 10,221 8,689
Subsidies 24,193 24,783 24,130 23,100 20,056
Special conditions 4,114 4,118 3,621 3,317 2,951
Unsuccessful work attempts b 9,356 13,282 16,058 16,658 15,696
SOURCE: Disability Control Research File, August 2017.
a. Approximately 5 percent of work-related continuing disability reviews (CDRs) for earnings in 2015 are still in progress; all other years are subject to change because of work-related CDR processing that may address work activity in previous years.
b. For the 2011 period, there are missing data for unsuccessful work attempts in the administrative files because of a systems issue.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.