Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2017

Beneficiaries Who Have Filed for Workers' Compensation or Public Disability Benefits

Notes

In December 2017, approximately 467,000 disabled workers on the Social Security Disability Insurance program had filed for workers' compensation or public disability benefits. Disability payments from private sources, such as private pension or insurance benefits, do not affect Social Security disability benefits, but workers' compensation and other public disability benefits may reduce them. Workers' compensation is paid to a worker because of a job-related injury or illness. It may be paid by federal or state workers' compensation agencies or employers or by insurance companies on behalf of employers.

Other public disability benefits that may affect Social Security disability benefits are those paid by a federal, state, or local government for disabling medical conditions that are not job related. Examples are civil service disability benefits, military disability benefits, state temporary disability benefits, and state or local government retirement benefits that are based on disability. Persons who receive Social Security disability benefits and one of the following types of public benefits will not have their Social Security disability benefit reduced:

  • Veterans Administration benefits;
  • State and local government benefits, if Social Security taxes were deducted from earnings; or
  • Supplemental Security Income.

The total amount received from workers' compensation or other public disability benefits and Social Security disability benefits cannot exceed 80 percent of the worker's average current earnings before he or she became disabled. The monthly Social Security disability benefit includes benefits payable to family members. If the total amount of these benefits exceeds 80 percent of average current earnings, the excess amount is deducted from the Social Security benefit. The benefit will be reduced until the month the worker reaches age 65 or the month the other benefits stop, whichever comes first.

Example

Before becoming disabled, the worker's average current earnings were $4,000 a month. The disabled worker, his or her spouse, and their two children would be eligible to receive a total of $2,200 a month in Social Security disability benefits. However, the disabled worker also receives $2,000 a month from workers' compensation. Because the total amount of benefits received ($4,200) is more than $3,200 (80 percent of average current earnings), the family's Social Security disability benefits will be reduced by $1,000.

Chart 7. Distribution of workers, by diagnostic group and sex, December 2017

Among disabled workers who are also receiving workers' compensation or public disability benefits, a disease of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue was the primary diagnosis in December 2017. Mental disorders were the second leading disabling condition. A disorder of the nervous system and sense organs was the third most common disability for women. Injuries were the third most common disability for men. All other impairments were fairly evenly split between men and women.

Bar chart linked to data in table format.
SOURCE: Table 34.
Table 31. Distribution of workers and dependents who have filed, by reason for having or not having an offset, December 2017
Reason Total Workers Spouses and children
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
All disabled beneficiaries and dependents 559,973 100.0 466,668 100.0 93,305 100.0
  With offset
Receipt of—  
Workers' compensation only  
Black Lung 461 0.1 336 0.1 125 0.1
Harbor Workers and Longshoremen 393 0.1 302 0.1 91 0.1
Federal employees 4,375 0.8 3,630 0.8 745 0.8
State 74,530 13.3 56,026 12.0 18,504 19.8
Public disability only  
Federal 610 0.1 553 0.1 57 0.1
State 7,609 1.4 6,338 1.4 1,271 1.4
Local 405 0.1 315 0.1 90 0.1
Workers' compensation and public disability 436 0.1 363 0.1 73 0.1
Social Security Disability Insurance (reverse offset) 43,822 7.8 36,585 7.8 7,237 7.8
  Without offset
High average current earnings 363,909 65.0 308,908 66.2 55,001 58.9
Entitlement to workers' compensation or public disability benefits is pending 63,423 11.3 53,312 11.4 10,111 10.8
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Workers' Compensation and Public Disability Benefit file, 100 percent data.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 32. Distribution of workers and dependents who have filed, by state or other area of residence, December 2017
State or area Total Workers Spouses and children
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
All areas 559,973 100.0 466,668 100.0 93,305 100.0
Alabama 10,260 1.8 8,260 1.8 2,000 2.1
Alaska 383 0.1 324 0.1 59 0.1
Arizona 6,905 1.2 5,838 1.3 1,067 1.1
Arkansas 4,794 0.9 3,900 0.8 894 1.0
California 70,198 12.5 60,924 13.1 9,274 9.9
Colorado 6,465 1.2 5,542 1.2 923 1.0
Connecticut 5,000 0.9 4,121 0.9 879 0.9
Delaware 1,690 0.3 1,447 0.3 243 0.3
District of Columbia 263 (L) 243 0.1 20 (L)
Florida 29,290 5.2 24,652 5.3 4,638 5.0
Georgia 20,196 3.6 16,706 3.6 3,490 3.7
Hawaii 1,464 0.3 1,222 0.3 242 0.3
Idaho 2,040 0.4 1,665 0.4 375 0.4
Illinois 16,263 2.9 13,315 2.9 2,948 3.2
Indiana 4,198 0.7 3,424 0.7 774 0.8
Iowa 4,187 0.7 3,531 0.8 656 0.7
Kansas 2,875 0.5 2,368 0.5 507 0.5
Kentucky 14,032 2.5 11,423 2.4 2,609 2.8
Louisiana 8,258 1.5 6,560 1.4 1,698 1.8
Maine 4,952 0.9 4,193 0.9 759 0.8
Maryland 4,157 0.7 3,588 0.8 569 0.6
Massachusetts 15,745 2.8 12,831 2.7 2,914 3.1
Michigan 28,803 5.1 23,734 5.1 5,069 5.4
Minnesota 7,132 1.3 6,084 1.3 1,048 1.1
Mississippi 5,557 1.0 4,485 1.0 1,072 1.1
Missouri 9,511 1.7 8,013 1.7 1,498 1.6
Montana 1,791 0.3 1,546 0.3 245 0.3
Nebraska 1,584 0.3 1,281 0.3 303 0.3
Nevada 3,270 0.6 2,831 0.6 439 0.5
New Hampshire 3,686 0.7 3,006 0.6 680 0.7
New Jersey 13,212 2.4 10,731 2.3 2,481 2.7
New Mexico 3,017 0.5 2,553 0.5 464 0.5
New York 70,951 12.7 58,220 12.5 12,731 13.6
North Carolina 21,103 3.8 17,696 3.8 3,407 3.7
North Dakota 597 0.1 503 0.1 94 0.1
Ohio 12,884 2.3 11,050 2.4 1,834 2.0
Oklahoma 5,816 1.0 4,940 1.1 876 0.9
Oregon 5,576 1.0 4,792 1.0 784 0.8
Pennsylvania 35,884 6.4 29,575 6.3 6,309 6.8
Rhode Island 2,842 0.5 2,375 0.5 467 0.5
South Carolina 13,202 2.4 10,888 2.3 2,314 2.5
South Dakota 782 0.1 657 0.1 125 0.1
Tennessee 12,778 2.3 10,532 2.3 2,246 2.4
Texas 10,473 1.9 8,441 1.8 2,032 2.2
Utah 1,381 0.2 1,096 0.2 285 0.3
Vermont 983 0.2 837 0.2 146 0.2
Virginia 9,433 1.7 7,831 1.7 1,602 1.7
Washington 10,747 1.9 9,164 2.0 1,583 1.7
West Virginia 4,733 0.8 3,803 0.8 930 1.0
Wisconsin 7,208 1.3 5,981 1.3 1,227 1.3
Wyoming 432 0.1 372 0.1 60 0.1
Outlying areas  
Puerto Rico 19,905 3.6 16,781 3.6 3,124 3.3
Other a 122 (L) 82 (L) 40 (L)
Foreign countries 963 0.2 711 0.2 252 0.3
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Workers' Compensation and Public Disability Benefit file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Distribution is by state or other area of residence, not by the state paying benefits.
(L) = less than 0.05 percent.
a. Includes American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, and U.S. Virgin Islands.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 33. Distribution of workers who have filed, by diagnostic group and age, December 2017
Diagnostic group Total, all ages Under 35 35–39 40–44 45–49 50–54 55–59 60–64
  Number
Total 466,668 3,643 7,452 16,110 36,284 78,088 146,582 178,509
Congenital anomalies 225 (X) (X) 15 23 42 76 62
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 6,548 38 80 161 415 1,091 1,995 2,768
Infectious and parasitic diseases 2,661 21 45 77 193 496 818 1,011
Injuries 29,750 487 778 1,376 2,659 5,000 8,857 10,593
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders 54 10 7 3 9 6 11 8
Developmental disorders 87 (X) (X) 8 8 28 22 12
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified 86 8 4 10 12 13 20 19
Intellectual disability 3,548 64 82 131 372 711 1,061 1,127
Mood disorders 39,815 432 765 1,707 3,792 7,440 11,511 14,168
Organic mental disorders 9,726 187 270 521 1,016 1,757 2,788 3,187
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 4,926 170 179 276 533 899 1,419 1,450
Other 10,060 267 410 625 1,205 1,973 2,702 2,878
Neoplasms 5,243 117 141 225 428 851 1,509 1,972
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 307 13 11 27 29 50 77 100
Circulatory system 13,612 62 131 287 816 1,887 4,239 6,190
Digestive system 2,475 38 57 100 204 390 760 926
Genitourinary system 2,550 98 106 164 291 512 685 694
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 297,286 1,135 3,575 8,746 21,053 48,419 96,768 117,590
Nervous system and sense organs 25,366 394 614 1,253 2,303 4,559 7,471 8,772
Respiratory system 6,053 28 42 121 313 866 1,972 2,711
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 460 11 15 23 36 67 154 154
Other 435 4 10 13 51 72 126 159
Unknown 5,395 52 121 241 523 959 1,541 1,958
  Percent
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Congenital anomalies (L) (X) (X) 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 (L)
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 1.4 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.4 1.4 1.6
Infectious and parasitic diseases 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6
Injuries 6.4 13.4 10.4 8.5 7.3 6.4 6.0 5.9
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders (L) 0.3 0.1 (L) (L) (L) (L) (L)
Developmental disorders (L) (X) (X) (L) (L) (L) (L) (L)
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified (L) 0.2 0.1 0.1 (L) (L) (L) (L)
Intellectual disability 0.8 1.8 1.1 0.8 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.6
Mood disorders 8.5 11.9 10.3 10.6 10.5 9.5 7.9 7.9
Organic mental disorders 2.1 5.1 3.6 3.2 2.8 2.3 1.9 1.8
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 1.1 4.7 2.4 1.7 1.5 1.2 1.0 0.8
Other 2.2 7.3 5.5 3.9 3.3 2.5 1.8 1.6
Neoplasms 1.1 3.2 1.9 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.1
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Circulatory system 2.9 1.7 1.8 1.8 2.2 2.4 2.9 3.5
Digestive system 0.5 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5
Genitourinary system 0.5 2.7 1.4 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.4
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 63.7 31.2 48.0 54.3 58.0 62.0 66.0 65.9
Nervous system and sense organs 5.4 10.8 8.2 7.8 6.3 5.8 5.1 4.9
Respiratory system 1.3 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.3 1.5
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Other 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Unknown 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.1
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Workers' Compensation and Public Disability Benefit file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: (X) = suppressed to avoid disclosing information about particular individuals; (L) = less than 0.05 percent.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 34. Distribution of workers who have filed, by diagnostic group and sex, December 2017
Diagnostic group Total Men Women
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
All disabled workers 466,668 100.0 283,798 100.0 182,870 100.0
Congenital anomalies 225 (L) 123 (L) 102 0.1
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 6,548 1.4 3,450 1.2 3,098 1.7
Infectious and parasitic diseases 2,661 0.6 2,149 0.8 512 0.3
Injuries 29,750 6.4 22,282 7.9 7,468 4.1
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders 54 (L) 39 (L) 15 (L)
Developmental disorders 87 (L) 60 (L) 27 (L)
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified 86 (L) 52 (L) 34 (L)
Intellectual disability 3,548 0.8 2,680 0.9 868 0.5
Mood disorders 39,815 8.5 18,320 6.5 21,495 11.8
Organic mental disorders 9,726 2.1 7,222 2.5 2,504 1.4
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 4,926 1.1 3,268 1.2 1,658 0.9
Other 10,060 2.2 5,193 1.8 4,867 2.7
Neoplasms 5,243 1.1 2,745 1.0 2,498 1.4
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 307 0.1 158 0.1 149 0.1
Circulatory system 13,612 2.9 9,994 3.5 3,618 2.0
Digestive system 2,475 0.5 1,521 0.5 954 0.5
Genitourinary system 2,550 0.5 1,732 0.6 818 0.4
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 297,286 63.7 183,208 64.6 114,078 62.4
Nervous system and sense organs 25,366 5.4 12,778 4.5 12,588 6.9
Respiratory system 6,053 1.3 3,500 1.2 2,553 1.4
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 460 0.1 229 0.1 231 0.1
Other 435 0.1 192 0.1 243 0.1
Unknown 5,395 1.2 2,903 1.0 2,492 1.4
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Workers' Compensation and Public Disability Benefit file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: (L) = less than 0.05 percent.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.