Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2018

Beneficiaries Who Have Filed for Workers' Compensation or Public Disability Benefits

Notes

In December 2018, approximately 448,000 disabled workers on the Social Security Disability Insurance program had filed for workers' compensation or public disability benefits. Disability payments from private sources, such as private pension or insurance benefits, do not affect Social Security disability benefits, but workers' compensation and other public disability benefits may reduce them. Workers' compensation is paid to a worker because of a job-related injury or illness. It may be paid by federal or state workers' compensation agencies or employers or by insurance companies on behalf of employers.

Other public disability benefits that may affect Social Security disability benefits are those paid by a federal, state, or local government for disabling medical conditions that are not job related. Examples are civil service disability benefits, military disability benefits, state temporary disability benefits, and state or local government retirement benefits that are based on disability. Persons who receive Social Security disability benefits and one of the following types of public benefits will not have their Social Security disability benefit reduced:

  • Veterans Administration benefits;
  • State and local government benefits, if Social Security taxes were deducted from earnings; or
  • Supplemental Security Income.

The total amount received from workers' compensation or other public disability benefits and Social Security disability benefits cannot exceed 80 percent of the worker's average current earnings before he or she became disabled. The monthly Social Security disability benefit includes benefits payable to family members. If the total amount of these benefits exceeds 80 percent of average current earnings, the excess amount is deducted from the Social Security benefit. The benefit will be reduced until the month the worker reaches age 65 or the month the other benefits stop, whichever comes first.

Example

Before becoming disabled, the worker's average current earnings were $4,000 a month. The disabled worker, his or her spouse, and their two children would be eligible to receive a total of $2,200 a month in Social Security disability benefits. However, the disabled worker also receives $2,000 a month from workers' compensation. Because the total amount of benefits received ($4,200) is more than $3,200 (80 percent of average current earnings), the family's Social Security disability benefits will be reduced by $1,000.

Chart 7. Distribution of workers, by diagnostic group and sex, December 2018

Among disabled workers who are also receiving workers' compensation or public disability benefits, a disease of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue was the primary diagnosis in December 2018. Mental disorders were the second leading disabling condition. A disorder of the nervous system and sense organs was the third most common disability for women. Injuries were the third most common disability for men. All other impairments were fairly evenly split between men and women.

Bar chart linked to data in table format.
SOURCE: Table 34.
Table 31. Distribution of workers and dependents who have filed, by reason for having or not having an offset, December 2018
Reason Total Workers Spouses and children
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
All disabled beneficiaries and dependents 534,436 100.0 447,855 100.0 86,581 100.0
  With offset
Receipt of—  
Workers' compensation only  
Black Lung 442 0.1 331 0.1 111 0.1
Harbor Workers and Longshoremen 357 0.1 282 0.1 75 0.1
Federal employees 4,064 0.8 3,396 0.8 668 0.8
State 69,201 12.9 52,445 11.7 16,756 19.4
Public disability only  
Federal 523 0.1 464 0.1 59 0.1
State 7,491 1.4 6,403 1.4 1,088 1.3
Local 366 0.1 294 0.1 72 0.1
Workers' compensation and public disability 380 0.1 330 0.1 50 0.1
Social Security Disability Insurance (reverse offset) 41,448 7.8 34,685 7.7 6,763 7.8
  Without offset
High average current earnings 350,981 65.7 298,833 66.7 52,148 60.2
Entitlement to workers' compensation or public disability benefits is pending 59,183 11.1 50,392 11.3 8,791 10.2
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Workers' Compensation and Public Disability Benefit file, 100 percent data.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 32. Distribution of workers and dependents who have filed, by state or other area of residence, December 2018
State or area Total Workers Spouses and children
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
All areas 534,436 100.0 447,855 100.0 86,581 100.0
Alabama 9,742 1.8 7,897 1.8 1,845 2.1
Alaska 366 0.1 309 0.1 57 0.1
Arizona 6,481 1.2 5,511 1.2 970 1.1
Arkansas 4,497 0.8 3,690 0.8 807 0.9
California 65,455 12.2 57,174 12.8 8,281 9.6
Colorado 6,064 1.1 5,183 1.2 881 1.0
Connecticut 4,790 0.9 3,998 0.9 792 0.9
Delaware 1,665 0.3 1,439 0.3 226 0.3
District of Columbia 243 (L) 221 (L) 22 (L)
Florida 27,677 5.2 23,389 5.2 4,288 5.0
Georgia 19,378 3.6 16,206 3.6 3,172 3.7
Hawaii 1,370 0.3 1,159 0.3 211 0.2
Idaho 1,996 0.4 1,628 0.4 368 0.4
Illinois 15,689 2.9 12,942 2.9 2,747 3.2
Indiana 4,035 0.8 3,297 0.7 738 0.9
Iowa 4,145 0.8 3,500 0.8 645 0.7
Kansas 2,667 0.5 2,207 0.5 460 0.5
Kentucky 13,390 2.5 10,905 2.4 2,485 2.9
Louisiana 7,886 1.5 6,310 1.4 1,576 1.8
Maine 4,709 0.9 4,014 0.9 695 0.8
Maryland 3,990 0.7 3,439 0.8 551 0.6
Massachusetts 15,300 2.9 12,541 2.8 2,759 3.2
Michigan 27,252 5.1 22,553 5.0 4,699 5.4
Minnesota 6,905 1.3 5,943 1.3 962 1.1
Mississippi 5,381 1.0 4,336 1.0 1,045 1.2
Missouri 9,090 1.7 7,697 1.7 1,393 1.6
Montana 1,667 0.3 1,444 0.3 223 0.3
Nebraska 1,511 0.3 1,234 0.3 277 0.3
Nevada 3,081 0.6 2,691 0.6 390 0.5
New Hampshire 3,589 0.7 2,970 0.7 619 0.7
New Jersey 12,604 2.4 10,262 2.3 2,342 2.7
New Mexico 2,864 0.5 2,434 0.5 430 0.5
New York 68,303 12.8 56,414 12.6 11,889 13.7
North Carolina 20,313 3.8 17,105 3.8 3,208 3.7
North Dakota 564 0.1 474 0.1 90 0.1
Ohio 12,133 2.3 10,485 2.3 1,648 1.9
Oklahoma 5,577 1.0 4,752 1.1 825 1.0
Oregon 5,357 1.0 4,619 1.0 738 0.9
Pennsylvania 35,125 6.6 29,201 6.5 5,924 6.8
Rhode Island 2,773 0.5 2,329 0.5 444 0.5
South Carolina 12,865 2.4 10,678 2.4 2,187 2.5
South Dakota 751 0.1 627 0.1 124 0.1
Tennessee 12,322 2.3 10,220 2.3 2,102 2.4
Texas 9,885 1.8 8,033 1.8 1,852 2.1
Utah 1,299 0.2 1,041 0.2 258 0.3
Vermont 984 0.2 836 0.2 148 0.2
Virginia 9,213 1.7 7,672 1.7 1,541 1.8
Washington 10,093 1.9 8,608 1.9 1,485 1.7
West Virginia 4,479 0.8 3,563 0.8 916 1.1
Wisconsin 7,039 1.3 5,887 1.3 1,152 1.3
Wyoming 459 0.1 391 0.1 68 0.1
Outlying areas  
Puerto Rico 18,361 3.4 15,609 3.5 2,752 3.2
Other a 101 (L) 67 (L) 34 (L)
Foreign countries 961 0.2 721 0.2 240 0.3
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Workers' Compensation and Public Disability Benefit file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Distribution is by state or other area of residence, not by the state paying benefits.
(L) = less than 0.05 percent.
a. Includes American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, and U.S. Virgin Islands.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 33. Distribution of workers who have filed, by diagnostic group and age, December 2018
Diagnostic group Total, all ages Under 35 35–39 40–44 45–49 50–54 55–59 60–64
  Number
Total 447,855 3,106 6,618 14,457 32,388 70,198 140,195 180,893
Congenital anomalies 218 4 5 16 22 35 76 60
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 5,970 36 75 128 356 912 1,861 2,602
Infectious and parasitic diseases 2,446 15 37 79 158 412 791 954
Injuries 28,294 435 720 1,273 2,412 4,472 8,324 10,658
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders 56 13 7 3 6 7 10 10
Developmental disorders 84 3 3 6 7 18 28 19
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified 86 7 5 12 9 13 23 17
Intellectual disability 3,298 53 78 115 288 648 1,003 1,113
Mood disorders 36,713 354 612 1,458 3,237 6,516 10,944 13,592
Organic mental disorders 9,172 154 255 460 930 1,550 2,651 3,172
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 4,666 177 150 282 458 797 1,331 1,471
Other 9,752 230 377 598 1,134 1,793 2,671 2,949
Neoplasms 5,232 118 131 186 420 791 1,489 2,097
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 303 9 11 21 31 52 84 95
Circulatory system 12,977 60 120 276 723 1,732 3,983 6,083
Digestive system 2,272 31 57 98 170 332 711 873
Genitourinary system 2,552 93 99 151 294 491 699 725
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 287,565 875 3,151 7,791 18,822 43,696 92,707 120,523
Nervous system and sense organs 24,385 346 569 1,130 2,106 4,142 7,232 8,860
Respiratory system 5,922 28 42 111 274 784 1,859 2,824
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 429 7 13 20 30 63 140 156
Other 394 4 8 12 42 62 105 161
Unknown 5,069 54 93 231 459 880 1,473 1,879
  Percent
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Congenital anomalies (L) 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 (L) 0.1 (L)
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 1.3 1.2 1.1 0.9 1.1 1.3 1.3 1.4
Infectious and parasitic diseases 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5
Injuries 6.3 14.0 10.9 8.8 7.4 6.4 5.9 5.9
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders (L) 0.4 0.1 (L) (L) (L) (L) (L)
Developmental disorders (L) 0.1 (L) (L) (L) (L) (L) (L)
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified (L) 0.2 0.1 0.1 (L) (L) (L) (L)
Intellectual disability 0.7 1.7 1.2 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.6
Mood disorders 8.2 11.4 9.2 10.1 10.0 9.3 7.8 7.5
Organic mental disorders 2.0 5.0 3.9 3.2 2.9 2.2 1.9 1.8
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 1.0 5.7 2.3 2.0 1.4 1.1 0.9 0.8
Other 2.2 7.4 5.7 4.1 3.5 2.6 1.9 1.6
Neoplasms 1.2 3.8 2.0 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.2
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Circulatory system 2.9 1.9 1.8 1.9 2.2 2.5 2.8 3.4
Digestive system 0.5 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Genitourinary system 0.6 3.0 1.5 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.5 0.4
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 64.2 28.2 47.6 53.9 58.1 62.2 66.1 66.6
Nervous system and sense organs 5.4 11.1 8.6 7.8 6.5 5.9 5.2 4.9
Respiratory system 1.3 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.8 1.1 1.3 1.6
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Other 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Unknown 1.1 1.7 1.4 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.1 1.0
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Workers' Compensation and Public Disability Benefit file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: (L) = less than 0.05 percent.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 34. Distribution of workers who have filed, by diagnostic group and sex, December 2018
Diagnostic group Total Men Women
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
All disabled workers 447,855 100.0 272,576 100.0 175,279 100.0
Congenital anomalies 218 (L) 125 (L) 93 0.1
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 5,970 1.3 3,134 1.1 2,836 1.6
Infectious and parasitic diseases 2,446 0.5 1,996 0.7 450 0.3
Injuries 28,294 6.3 21,254 7.8 7,040 4.0
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders 56 (L) 41 (L) 15 (L)
Developmental disorders 84 (L) 55 (L) 29 (L)
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified 86 (L) 52 (L) 34 (L)
Intellectual disability 3,298 0.7 2,494 0.9 804 0.5
Mood disorders 36,713 8.2 16,944 6.2 19,769 11.3
Organic mental disorders 9,172 2.0 6,805 2.5 2,367 1.4
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 4,666 1.0 3,104 1.1 1,562 0.9
Other 9,752 2.2 5,006 1.8 4,746 2.7
Neoplasms 5,232 1.2 2,757 1.0 2,475 1.4
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 303 0.1 155 0.1 148 0.1
Circulatory system 12,977 2.9 9,523 3.5 3,454 2.0
Digestive system 2,272 0.5 1,387 0.5 885 0.5
Genitourinary system 2,552 0.6 1,710 0.6 842 0.5
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 287,565 64.2 177,090 65.0 110,475 63.0
Nervous system and sense organs 24,385 5.4 12,324 4.5 12,061 6.9
Respiratory system 5,922 1.3 3,514 1.3 2,408 1.4
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 429 0.1 212 0.1 217 0.1
Other 394 0.1 172 0.1 222 0.1
Unknown 5,069 1.1 2,722 1.0 2,347 1.3
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Workers' Compensation and Public Disability Benefit file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: (L) = less than 0.05 percent.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.