Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2018

Benefits Awarded, Withheld, and Terminated

Disabled Workers Who Work

Table 52. Distribution of workers with benefits withheld because of substantial work, by diagnostic group and age, December 2018
Diagnostic group Total Under 30 30–39 40–49 50–59 60–FRA
  Number
Total 56,410 4,557 11,999 14,282 17,421 8,151
Congenital anomalies 154 35 64 39 10 6
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 1,031 58 185 271 347 170
Infectious and parasitic diseases 1,360 45 239 427 508 141
Injuries 2,390 202 534 563 738 353
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders 478 292 149 24 (X) (X)
Developmental disorders 150 69 60 14 (X) (X)
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified 170 67 61 27 12 3
Intellectual disability 2,306 664 911 465 229 37
Mood disorders 9,158 572 2,303 3,018 2,570 695
Organic mental disorders 1,631 234 501 388 368 140
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 2,613 330 909 759 499 116
Other 3,294 331 1,145 1,005 669 144
Neoplasms 5,144 338 707 1,072 1,967 1,060
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 438 99 148 90 74 27
Circulatory system 2,669 73 236 530 1,079 751
Digestive system 1,222 63 256 298 399 206
Genitourinary system 2,493 195 654 752 688 204
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 12,531 196 1,040 2,552 5,345 3,398
Nervous system and sense organs 5,772 610 1,647 1,631 1,438 446
Respiratory system 809 33 114 181 309 172
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 157 16 42 50 35 14
Other 151 16 36 44 43 12
Unknown 289 19 58 82 81 49
  Percent
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Congenital anomalies 0.3 0.8 0.5 0.3 0.1 0.1
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 1.8 1.3 1.5 1.9 2.0 2.1
Infectious and parasitic diseases 2.4 1.0 2.0 3.0 2.9 1.7
Injuries 4.2 4.4 4.5 3.9 4.2 4.3
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders 0.8 6.4 1.2 0.2 (X) (X)
Developmental disorders 0.3 1.5 0.5 0.1 (X) (X)
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified 0.3 1.5 0.5 0.2 0.1 (L)
Intellectual disability 4.1 14.6 7.6 3.3 1.3 0.5
Mood disorders 16.2 12.6 19.2 21.1 14.8 8.5
Organic mental disorders 2.9 5.1 4.2 2.7 2.1 1.7
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 4.6 7.2 7.6 5.3 2.9 1.4
Other 5.8 7.3 9.5 7.0 3.8 1.8
Neoplasms 9.1 7.4 5.9 7.5 11.3 13.0
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 0.8 2.2 1.2 0.6 0.4 0.3
Circulatory system 4.7 1.6 2.0 3.7 6.2 9.2
Digestive system 2.2 1.4 2.1 2.1 2.3 2.5
Genitourinary system 4.4 4.3 5.5 5.3 3.9 2.5
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 22.2 4.3 8.7 17.9 30.7 41.7
Nervous system and sense organs 10.2 13.4 13.7 11.4 8.3 5.5
Respiratory system 1.4 0.7 1.0 1.3 1.8 2.1
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.2
Other 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1
Unknown 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Master Beneficiary Record, 100 percent data.
NOTES: These data represent the total number of beneficiaries with benefits withheld in December 2018 regardless of when their benefits were initially withheld.
FRA = full retirement age; (L) = less than 0.05 percent; (X) = suppressed to avoid disclosing information about particular individuals.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 53. Distribution of workers with benefits terminated because of successful return to work, by diagnostic group and age, 2018
Diagnostic group Total Under 30 30–39 40–49 50–59 60–FRA
  Number
Total 54,644 3,431 12,887 15,138 15,901 7,287
Congenital anomalies 179 35 69 42 26 7
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 1,007 49 176 267 342 173
Infectious and parasitic diseases 1,636 39 316 538 578 165
Injuries 2,134 117 503 554 638 322
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders 530 226 230 49 (X) (X)
Developmental disorders 227 57 105 49 13 3
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified 173 59 78 24 (X) (X)
Intellectual disability 4,487 751 1,944 1,122 574 96
Mood disorders 10,452 447 2,532 3,481 3,037 955
Organic mental disorders 1,967 204 606 527 476 154
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 2,954 181 935 930 720 188
Other 3,148 196 1,100 1,018 650 184
Neoplasms 2,416 128 340 501 882 565
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 456 96 173 109 61 17
Circulatory system 2,052 33 195 472 784 568
Digestive system 907 43 160 249 276 179
Genitourinary system 1,883 92 502 641 503 145
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 10,295 114 864 2,328 4,207 2,782
Nervous system and sense organs 6,350 485 1,806 1,859 1,658 542
Respiratory system 704 27 105 197 237 138
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 144 8 34 40 44 18
Other 173 21 42 38 61 11
Unknown 370 23 72 103 102 70
  Percent
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Congenital anomalies 0.3 1.0 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.1
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 1.8 1.4 1.4 1.8 2.2 2.4
Infectious and parasitic diseases 3.0 1.1 2.5 3.6 3.6 2.3
Injuries 3.9 3.4 3.9 3.7 4.0 4.4
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders 1.0 6.6 1.8 0.3 (X) (X)
Developmental disorders 0.4 1.7 0.8 0.3 0.1 (L)
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified 0.3 1.7 0.6 0.2 (X) (X)
Intellectual disability 8.2 21.9 15.1 7.4 3.6 1.3
Mood disorders 19.1 13.0 19.6 23.0 19.1 13.1
Organic mental disorders 3.6 5.9 4.7 3.5 3.0 2.1
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 5.4 5.3 7.3 6.1 4.5 2.6
Other 5.8 5.7 8.5 6.7 4.1 2.5
Neoplasms 4.4 3.7 2.6 3.3 5.5 7.8
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 0.8 2.8 1.3 0.7 0.4 0.2
Circulatory system 3.8 1.0 1.5 3.1 4.9 7.8
Digestive system 1.7 1.3 1.2 1.6 1.7 2.5
Genitourinary system 3.4 2.7 3.9 4.2 3.2 2.0
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 18.8 3.3 6.7 15.4 26.5 38.2
Nervous system and sense organs 11.6 14.1 14.0 12.3 10.4 7.4
Respiratory system 1.3 0.8 0.8 1.3 1.5 1.9
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2
Other 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.2
Unknown 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 1.0
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Master Beneficiary Record, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Because of differences in data sources and calculation methods, statistics reported in this table may differ from those reported by the Office of the Chief Actuary.
FRA = full retirement age; (L) = less than 0.05 percent; (X) = suppressed to avoid disclosing information about particular individuals.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 54. Average monthly benefit for workers with benefits withheld because of substantial work, by diagnostic group and age, December 2018 (in dollars)
Diagnostic group Total Under 30 30–39 40–49 50–59 60–FRA
Total 1,348.43 1,022.82 1,207.15 1,331.91 1,457.03 1,535.29
Congenital anomalies 1,181.29 892.77 1,236.43 1,287.37 1,353.29 1,300.00
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 1,315.32 1,068.61 1,252.73 1,258.76 1,397.60 1,389.84
Infectious and parasitic diseases 1,331.78 1,202.52 1,176.56 1,297.69 1,419.34 1,423.90
Injuries 1,479.22 1,169.25 1,389.79 1,462.81 1,578.89 1,609.69
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders 972.75 933.97 1,009.78 1,071.60 (X) (X)
Developmental disorders 1,001.42 873.56 1,072.86 1,121.75 (X) (X)
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified 1,049.68 900.08 1,057.98 1,038.93 1,645.38 1,936.00
Intellectual disability 974.59 915.41 999.24 1,000.56 993.68 985.03
Mood disorders 1,260.32 973.04 1,144.16 1,257.08 1,386.54 1,429.04
Organic mental disorders 1,272.64 1,032.15 1,177.03 1,337.41 1,426.78 1,432.08
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 1,128.22 983.98 1,083.49 1,183.79 1,203.10 1,203.40
Other 1,224.20 947.14 1,184.70 1,272.70 1,320.87 1,387.60
Neoplasms 1,660.84 1,222.55 1,484.77 1,645.38 1,741.70 1,783.62
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 1,342.07 1,090.99 1,280.19 1,431.77 1,544.35 1,748.48
Circulatory system 1,470.16 1,156.09 1,299.74 1,378.88 1,504.69 1,569.06
Digestive system 1,499.47 1,146.54 1,271.30 1,420.63 1,637.74 1,737.16
Genitourinary system 1,449.46 1,086.49 1,296.30 1,452.32 1,628.34 1,673.62
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 1,378.73 1,103.30 1,256.13 1,310.37 1,385.12 1,473.45
Nervous system and sense organs 1,362.85 1,068.67 1,253.15 1,392.89 1,502.10 1,611.52
Respiratory system 1,377.16 986.67 1,240.07 1,283.18 1,446.02 1,518.12
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 1,298.19 925.13 1,213.57 1,317.39 1,429.54 1,581.49
Other 1,303.65 979.13 1,154.03 1,435.18 1,392.78 1,383.60
Unknown 1,321.76 1,005.82 1,228.29 1,366.77 1,279.32 1,549.70
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Master Beneficiary Record, 100 percent data.
NOTES: FRA = full retirement age; (X) = suppressed to avoid disclosing information about particular individuals.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 55. Average monthly benefit for workers with benefits terminated because of successful return to work, by diagnostic group and age, 2018 (in dollars)
Diagnostic group Total Under 30 30–39 40–49 50–59 60–FRA
Total 1,250.18 1,072.60 1,148.28 1,220.22 1,318.56 1,427.07
Congenital anomalies 1,120.29 993.30 1,073.79 1,196.28 1,271.32 1,196.59
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 1,210.65 1,034.05 1,161.59 1,176.33 1,247.27 1,291.18
Infectious and parasitic diseases 1,254.07 1,011.40 1,167.91 1,236.38 1,301.32 1,368.58
Injuries 1,411.57 1,354.81 1,402.46 1,353.70 1,438.89 1,491.86
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders 997.99 969.05 1,001.24 1,027.94 (X) (X)
Developmental disorders 1,032.49 973.14 1,058.85 982.10 1,180.18 1,420.41
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified 1,095.13 1,032.32 1,102.13 1,061.44 (X) (X)
Intellectual disability 988.94 981.90 992.63 980.86 991.27 1,049.87
Mood disorders 1,190.30 1,070.79 1,112.31 1,174.38 1,238.73 1,356.98
Organic mental disorders 1,197.28 1,058.98 1,108.03 1,216.89 1,275.22 1,423.65
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 1,110.31 1,028.40 1,080.89 1,116.51 1,137.46 1,200.81
Other 1,181.31 1,035.43 1,168.85 1,189.09 1,188.44 1,342.91
Neoplasms 1,555.58 1,343.61 1,411.42 1,521.88 1,596.92 1,655.71
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 1,208.96 1,093.95 1,172.58 1,237.69 1,367.97 1,473.71
Circulatory system 1,368.38 1,174.87 1,222.16 1,310.79 1,368.42 1,477.62
Digestive system 1,442.34 1,052.79 1,295.13 1,358.95 1,537.67 1,636.54
Genitourinary system 1,395.56 1,196.24 1,258.54 1,380.98 1,525.22 1,611.08
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 1,327.50 1,106.46 1,250.73 1,263.96 1,334.93 1,402.35
Nervous system and sense organs 1,287.92 1,149.62 1,206.19 1,268.78 1,372.34 1,491.39
Respiratory system 1,247.03 1,081.36 1,110.34 1,122.12 1,350.44 1,384.18
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 1,266.97 1,181.42 1,107.26 1,244.76 1,430.67 1,255.82
Other 1,314.18 996.31 1,140.86 1,414.46 1,425.16 1,620.92
Unknown 1,244.74 1,120.55 1,142.88 1,205.03 1,324.87 1,331.97
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Master Beneficiary Record, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Because of differences in data sources and calculation methods, statistics reported in this table may differ from those reported by the Office of the Chief Actuary.
FRA = full retirement age; (X) = suppressed to avoid disclosing information about particular individuals.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 56. Distribution, by state or other area, 2018
State or area All workers, December Workers with benefits withheld because of substantial work, December Workers with benefits terminated because of successful return to work, calendar year
Number Percentage of all workers Number Percentage of all workers
All areas 8,537,332 56,410 0.7 54,644 0.6
Alabama 222,986 758 0.3 945 0.4
Alaska 11,944 117 1.0 108 0.9
Arizona 151,124 977 0.6 986 0.7
Arkansas 134,780 551 0.4 636 0.5
California 641,737 5,600 0.9 4,844 0.8
Colorado 100,040 817 0.8 767 0.8
Connecticut 80,566 523 0.6 511 0.6
Delaware 27,075 178 0.7 170 0.6
District of Columbia 13,896 182 1.3 241 1.7
Florida 551,521 2,908 0.5 3,037 0.6
Georgia 280,549 1,421 0.5 1,680 0.6
Hawaii 21,165 172 0.8 136 0.6
Idaho 43,971 305 0.7 243 0.6
Illinois 276,442 1,756 0.6 1,983 0.7
Indiana 201,734 1,114 0.6 1,121 0.6
Iowa 77,006 562 0.7 542 0.7
Kansas 72,185 452 0.6 459 0.6
Kentucky 194,959 915 0.5 840 0.4
Louisiana 154,395 906 0.6 1,071 0.7
Maine 55,900 338 0.6 364 0.7
Maryland 126,920 1,208 1.0 1,223 1.0
Massachusetts 194,364 2,330 1.2 1,922 1.0
Michigan 334,642 1,936 0.6 1,898 0.6
Minnesota 120,283 1,303 1.1 1,312 1.1
Mississippi 124,851 401 0.3 487 0.4
Missouri 209,607 1,254 0.6 1,191 0.6
Montana 26,628 165 0.6 190 0.7
Nebraska 40,704 300 0.7 308 0.8
Nevada 64,745 479 0.7 428 0.7
New Hampshire 47,128 600 1.3 410 0.9
New Jersey 191,337 1,566 0.8 1,300 0.7
New Mexico 63,955 381 0.6 375 0.6
New York 486,264 4,583 0.9 3,696 0.8
North Carolina 314,113 1,333 0.4 1,424 0.5
North Dakota 14,095 126 0.9 136 1.0
Ohio 344,385 2,144 0.6 2,193 0.6
Oklahoma 124,606 610 0.5 696 0.6
Oregon 105,296 760 0.7 648 0.6
Pennsylvania 395,568 2,716 0.7 2,548 0.6
Rhode Island 36,471 284 0.8 198 0.5
South Carolina 172,718 684 0.4 723 0.4
South Dakota 18,842 138 0.7 157 0.8
Tennessee 241,307 939 0.4 1,019 0.4
Texas 553,435 4,315 0.8 4,792 0.9
Utah 46,048 435 0.9 393 0.9
Vermont 21,828 188 0.9 174 0.8
Virginia 207,901 1,287 0.6 1,184 0.6
Washington 171,397 1,729 1.0 1,344 0.8
West Virginia 86,060 281 0.3 280 0.3
Wisconsin 158,502 1,128 0.7 1,075 0.7
Wyoming 13,266 100 0.8 94 0.7
Outlying areas  
Puerto Rico 151,590 113 0.1 92 0.1
Other a 14,501 42 0.3 50 0.3
SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Master Beneficiary Record, 100 percent data, and Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 100 percent data. From 2012 and forward, Master Beneficiary Record, 100 percent data.
NOTE: Because of differences in data sources and calculation methods, statistics reported in this table may differ from those reported by the Office of the Chief Actuary.
a. Includes American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, U.S. Virgin Islands, and foreign countries.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 57. Distribution, by sex and age, 2018
Age group All workers, December Workers with benefits withheld because of substantial work, December Workers with benefits terminated because of successful return to work, calendar year
Number Percentage of all workers Number Percentage of all workers
  All disabled workers
Total 8,537,332 56,410 0.7 54,644 0.6
Under 30 134,170 4,557 3.4 3,431 2.6
30–39 592,579 11,999 2.0 12,887 2.2
40–49 1,265,828 14,282 1.1 15,138 1.2
50–59 3,319,735 17,421 0.5 15,901 0.5
60–FRA 3,225,020 8,151 0.3 7,287 0.2
  Men
Subtotal 4,330,186 31,173 0.7 28,674 0.7
Under 30 78,530 2,836 3.6 2,180 2.8
30–39 313,464 6,964 2.2 7,367 2.4
40–49 620,638 7,245 1.2 7,289 1.2
50–59 1,659,759 9,302 0.6 7,954 0.5
60–FRA 1,657,795 4,826 0.3 3,884 0.2
  Women
Subtotal 4,207,146 25,237 0.6 25,970 0.6
Under 30 55,640 1,721 3.1 1,251 2.2
30–39 279,115 5,035 1.8 5,520 2.0
40–49 645,190 7,037 1.1 7,849 1.2
50–59 1,659,976 8,119 0.5 7,947 0.5
60–FRA 1,567,225 3,325 0.2 3,403 0.2
SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Master Beneficiary Record, 100 percent data, and Annual Award and Termination Transaction file, 100 percent data. From 2012 and forward, Master Beneficiary Record, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Because of differences in data sources and calculation methods, statistics reported in this table may differ from those reported by the Office of the Chief Actuary.
FRA = full retirement age.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 58. Work-incentive utilization among disabled workers, 2013–2017
Work-incentive category 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 a
Workers who participated in a trial work period (TWP) 232,750 242,009 252,347 240,549 212,116
Started a TWP 129,177 133,427 140,596 132,544 111,939
Completed a TWP 87,678 92,046 101,029 99,538 91,930
Workers with at least 1 suspension month because of earnings above the substantial gainful activity level
Extended period of eligibility 116,597 126,595 140,655 148,863 143,232
Initial reinstatement period 6,273 5,894 5,545 5,297 4,794
Favorable decision on expedited reinstatement request 10,058 8,878 9,277 10,347 9,669
Workers using miscellaneous work incentives for at least 1 month
Impairment-related work expenses 11,490 10,927 10,373 10,096 8,457
Subsidies 25,590 25,754 25,191 23,485 19,232
Special conditions 3,869 3,690 3,620 3,459 2,968
Unsuccessful work attempts 16,746 17,792 18,554 16,578 14,661
SOURCE: Disability Control Research File, June 2019.
a. Approximately 10 percent of work-related continuing disability reviews (CDRs) for earnings in 2017 are still in progress; all other years are subject to change because of work-related CDR processing that may address work activity in previous years.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.