Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2019

Beneficiaries Who Have Filed for Workers' Compensation or Public Disability Benefits

Notes

In December 2019, approximately 432,000 disabled workers on the Social Security Disability Insurance program had filed for workers' compensation or public disability benefits. Disability payments from private sources, such as private pension or insurance benefits, do not affect Social Security disability benefits, but workers' compensation and other public disability benefits may reduce them. Workers' compensation is paid to a worker because of a job-related injury or illness. It may be paid by federal or state workers' compensation agencies or employers or by insurance companies on behalf of employers.

Other public disability benefits that may affect Social Security disability benefits are those paid by a federal, state, or local government for disabling medical conditions that are not job related. Examples are civil service disability benefits, military disability benefits, state temporary disability benefits, and state or local government retirement benefits that are based on disability. Persons who receive Social Security disability benefits and one of the following types of public benefits will not have their Social Security disability benefit reduced:

  • Veterans Administration benefits;
  • State and local government benefits, if Social Security taxes were deducted from earnings; or
  • Supplemental Security Income.

The total amount received from workers' compensation or other public disability benefits and Social Security disability benefits cannot exceed 80 percent of the worker's average current earnings before he or she became disabled. The monthly Social Security disability benefit includes benefits payable to family members. If the total amount of these benefits exceeds 80 percent of average current earnings, the excess amount is deducted from the Social Security benefit. The benefit will be reduced until the month the worker reaches age 65 or the month the other benefits stop, whichever comes first.

Example

Before becoming disabled, the worker's average current earnings were $4,000 a month. The disabled worker, his or her spouse, and their two children would be eligible to receive a total of $2,200 a month in Social Security disability benefits. However, the disabled worker also receives $2,000 a month from workers' compensation. Because the total amount of benefits received ($4,200) is more than $3,200 (80 percent of average current earnings), the family's Social Security disability benefits will be reduced by $1,000.

Chart 7. Distribution of workers, by diagnostic group and sex, December 2019

Among disabled workers who are also receiving workers' compensation or public disability benefits, a disease of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue was the primary diagnosis in December 2019. Mental disorders were the second leading disabling condition. A disorder of the nervous system and sense organs was the third most common disability for women. Injuries were the third most common disability for men. All other impairments were fairly evenly split between men and women.

Bar chart linked to data in table format.
SOURCE: Table 34.
Table 31. Distribution of workers and dependents who have filed, by reason for having or not having an offset, December 2019
Reason Total Workers Spouses and children
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
All disabled beneficiaries and dependents 512,070 100.0 431,702 100.0 80,368 100.0
  With offset
Receipt of—  
Workers' compensation only  
Black Lung 427 0.1 304 0.1 123 0.2
Harbor Workers and Longshoremen 307 0.1 240 0.1 67 0.1
Federal employees 3,831 0.7 3,229 0.7 602 0.7
State 65,599 12.8 50,046 11.6 15,553 19.4
Public disability only  
Federal 426 0.1 377 0.1 49 0.1
State 7,628 1.5 6,650 1.5 978 1.2
Local 385 0.1 312 0.1 73 0.1
Workers' compensation and public disability 384 0.1 336 0.1 48 0.1
Social Security Disability Insurance (reverse offset) 38,925 7.6 32,812 7.6 6,113 7.6
  Without offset
High average current earnings 337,092 65.8 288,488 66.8 48,604 60.5
Entitlement to workers' compensation or public disability benefits is pending 57,066 11.1 48,908 11.3 8,158 10.2
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Workers' Compensation and Public Disability Benefit file, 100 percent data.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 32. Distribution of workers and dependents who have filed, by state or other area of residence, December 2019
State or area Total Workers Spouses and children
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
All areas 512,070 100.0 431,702 100.0 80,368 100.0
Alabama 9,411 1.8 7,652 1.8 1,759 2.2
Alaska 356 0.1 301 0.1 55 0.1
Arizona 6,227 1.2 5,341 1.2 886 1.1
Arkansas 4,281 0.8 3,512 0.8 769 1.0
California 61,312 12.0 53,790 12.5 7,522 9.4
Colorado 5,640 1.1 4,843 1.1 797 1.0
Connecticut 4,630 0.9 3,870 0.9 760 0.9
Delaware 1,613 0.3 1,389 0.3 224 0.3
District of Columbia 232 (L) 216 0.1 16 (L)
Florida 26,646 5.2 22,662 5.2 3,984 5.0
Georgia 18,748 3.7 15,780 3.7 2,968 3.7
Hawaii 1,299 0.3 1,099 0.3 200 0.2
Idaho 1,918 0.4 1,588 0.4 330 0.4
Illinois 14,928 2.9 12,405 2.9 2,523 3.1
Indiana 3,990 0.8 3,274 0.8 716 0.9
Iowa 4,066 0.8 3,463 0.8 603 0.8
Kansas 2,512 0.5 2,096 0.5 416 0.5
Kentucky 12,545 2.4 10,309 2.4 2,236 2.8
Louisiana 7,636 1.5 6,145 1.4 1,491 1.9
Maine 4,520 0.9 3,850 0.9 670 0.8
Maryland 3,821 0.7 3,304 0.8 517 0.6
Massachusetts 14,818 2.9 12,284 2.8 2,534 3.2
Michigan 25,687 5.0 21,334 4.9 4,353 5.4
Minnesota 6,703 1.3 5,782 1.3 921 1.1
Mississippi 5,114 1.0 4,143 1.0 971 1.2
Missouri 8,620 1.7 7,384 1.7 1,236 1.5
Montana 1,543 0.3 1,320 0.3 223 0.3
Nebraska 1,450 0.3 1,198 0.3 252 0.3
Nevada 2,912 0.6 2,542 0.6 370 0.5
New Hampshire 3,541 0.7 2,931 0.7 610 0.8
New Jersey 12,158 2.4 9,964 2.3 2,194 2.7
New Mexico 2,693 0.5 2,320 0.5 373 0.5
New York 65,794 12.8 54,750 12.7 11,044 13.7
North Carolina 20,088 3.9 17,020 3.9 3,068 3.8
North Dakota 520 0.1 453 0.1 67 0.1
Ohio 11,556 2.3 10,021 2.3 1,535 1.9
Oklahoma 5,406 1.1 4,650 1.1 756 0.9
Oregon 5,071 1.0 4,416 1.0 655 0.8
Pennsylvania 34,804 6.8 29,041 6.7 5,763 7.2
Rhode Island 2,614 0.5 2,214 0.5 400 0.5
South Carolina 12,571 2.5 10,557 2.4 2,014 2.5
South Dakota 729 0.1 616 0.1 113 0.1
Tennessee 11,775 2.3 9,848 2.3 1,927 2.4
Texas 9,273 1.8 7,603 1.8 1,670 2.1
Utah 1,222 0.2 996 0.2 226 0.3
Vermont 968 0.2 828 0.2 140 0.2
Virginia 8,980 1.8 7,500 1.7 1,480 1.8
Washington 9,665 1.9 8,276 1.9 1,389 1.7
West Virginia 4,127 0.8 3,295 0.8 832 1.0
Wisconsin 6,981 1.4 5,879 1.4 1,102 1.4
Wyoming 451 0.1 380 0.1 71 0.1
Outlying areas  
Puerto Rico 16,907 3.3 14,537 3.4 2,370 2.9
Other a 113 (L) 78 (L) 35 (L)
Foreign countries 885 0.2 653 0.2 232 0.3
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Workers' Compensation and Public Disability Benefit file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Distribution is by state or other area of residence, not by the state paying benefits.
(L) = less than 0.05 percent.
a. Includes American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, and U.S. Virgin Islands.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 33. Distribution of workers who have filed, by diagnostic group and age, December 2019
Diagnostic group Total, all ages Under 35 35–39 40–44 45–49 50–54 55–59 60–64
  Number
Total 431,702 2,884 5,938 13,397 29,392 64,429 134,231 181,431
Congenital anomalies 213 (X) (X) 16 26 32 70 61
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 5,536 33 64 119 319 839 1,675 2,487
Infectious and parasitic diseases 2,254 13 25 83 135 352 735 911
Injuries 26,950 388 668 1,197 2,150 4,170 7,856 10,521
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders 63 19 5 3 6 9 7 14
Developmental disorders 90 6 4 5 6 19 29 21
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified 96 8 10 10 10 15 22 21
Intellectual disability 3,000 48 66 96 230 573 931 1,056
Mood disorders 33,775 312 539 1,255 2,836 5,706 10,059 13,068
Organic mental disorders 8,784 143 244 423 807 1,429 2,583 3,155
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 4,399 187 152 250 403 726 1,197 1,484
Other 9,410 203 374 595 977 1,701 2,643 2,917
Neoplasms 5,260 117 119 202 396 726 1,581 2,119
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 314 13 12 22 25 48 83 111
Circulatory system 12,576 61 121 273 656 1,654 3,878 5,933
Digestive system 2,168 22 57 96 173 315 662 843
Genitourinary system 2,573 87 86 172 293 459 722 754
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 279,293 805 2,692 7,132 17,227 40,312 89,088 122,037
Nervous system and sense organs 23,575 337 544 1,117 1,934 3,742 6,990 8,911
Respiratory system 5,742 17 34 97 262 707 1,778 2,847
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 416 11 14 24 28 54 132 153
Other 366 (X) (X) 10 38 53 97 157
Unknown 4,849 48 95 200 455 788 1,413 1,850
  Percent
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Congenital anomalies (L) (X) (X) 0.1 0.1 (L) 0.1 (L)
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 1.3 1.1 1.1 0.9 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.4
Infectious and parasitic diseases 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Injuries 6.2 13.5 11.2 8.9 7.3 6.5 5.9 5.8
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders (L) 0.7 0.1 (L) (L) (L) (L) (L)
Developmental disorders (L) 0.2 0.1 (L) (L) (L) (L) (L)
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified (L) 0.3 0.2 0.1 (L) (L) (L) (L)
Intellectual disability 0.7 1.7 1.1 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.6
Mood disorders 7.8 10.8 9.1 9.4 9.6 8.9 7.5 7.2
Organic mental disorders 2.0 5.0 4.1 3.2 2.7 2.2 1.9 1.7
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 1.0 6.5 2.6 1.9 1.4 1.1 0.9 0.8
Other 2.2 7.0 6.3 4.4 3.3 2.6 2.0 1.6
Neoplasms 1.2 4.1 2.0 1.5 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.2
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 0.1 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Circulatory system 2.9 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.6 2.9 3.3
Digestive system 0.5 0.8 1.0 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5
Genitourinary system 0.6 3.0 1.4 1.3 1.0 0.7 0.5 0.4
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 64.7 27.9 45.3 53.2 58.6 62.6 66.4 67.3
Nervous system and sense organs 5.5 11.7 9.2 8.3 6.6 5.8 5.2 4.9
Respiratory system 1.3 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.9 1.1 1.3 1.6
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Other 0.1 (X) (X) 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Unknown 1.1 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.2 1.1 1.0
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Workers' Compensation and Public Disability Benefit file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: (L) = less than 0.05 percent; (X) = suppressed to avoid disclosing information about particular individuals.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 34. Distribution of workers who have filed, by diagnostic group and sex, December 2019
Diagnostic group Total Men Women
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
All disabled workers 431,702 100.0 262,417 100.0 169,285 100.0
Congenital anomalies 213 (L) 123 (L) 90 0.1
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 5,536 1.3 2,930 1.1 2,606 1.5
Infectious and parasitic diseases 2,254 0.5 1,833 0.7 421 0.2
Injuries 26,950 6.2 20,290 7.7 6,660 3.9
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders 63 (L) 46 (L) 17 (L)
Developmental disorders 90 (L) 57 (L) 33 (L)
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified 96 (L) 52 (L) 44 (L)
Intellectual disability 3,000 0.7 2,266 0.9 734 0.4
Mood disorders 33,775 7.8 15,570 5.9 18,205 10.8
Organic mental disorders 8,784 2.0 6,550 2.5 2,234 1.3
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 4,399 1.0 2,926 1.1 1,473 0.9
Other 9,410 2.2 4,823 1.8 4,587 2.7
Neoplasms 5,260 1.2 2,715 1.0 2,545 1.5
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 314 0.1 163 0.1 151 0.1
Circulatory system 12,576 2.9 9,156 3.5 3,420 2.0
Digestive system 2,168 0.5 1,306 0.5 862 0.5
Genitourinary system 2,573 0.6 1,744 0.7 829 0.5
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 279,293 64.7 171,548 65.4 107,745 63.6
Nervous system and sense organs 23,575 5.5 11,969 4.6 11,606 6.9
Respiratory system 5,742 1.3 3,397 1.3 2,345 1.4
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 416 0.1 198 0.1 218 0.1
Other 366 0.1 160 0.1 206 0.1
Unknown 4,849 1.1 2,595 1.0 2,254 1.3
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Workers' Compensation and Public Disability Benefit file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: (L) = less than 0.05 percent.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.