Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2019

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits

Notes

The tables in this section provide data on the outcomes of applications for disability benefits. The data on applications are derived from the Social Security Administration's (SSA's) Disability Research File maintained by the Office of Disability Programs. Each year this file is updated with information about applications for disability benefits that is then used to determine the outcome of those applications. The outcome data in these tables are reported by year of filing and include decisions made through the administrative appeals process.

Table 60 shows the total number of applications filed in a year, the number denied for nonmedical reasons before a medical decision is made (technical denials), the number that are pending a final decision, the outcome of applications for which a medical allowance or denial was made, and award and allowance rates. Applications for which a medical allowance or denial decision was made but which were subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons are shown under the medical decision header as subsequent denials. The most common nonmedical reason for denying a claim is insufficient number of recent work credits.

The allowance rate is calculated by dividing the number of medical allowances (including subsequent technical denials) by the total number of medical decisions made for a 1-year cohort. The award rate is a broader program measure that is calculated as the number of allowances minus subsequent denials divided by total applications (minus pending claims) filed for a given year.

Claims that remain pending after 6 years are probably the result of imperfect data rather than excessive delays in the decision-making process. It is highly probable that decisions have been rendered on most of the older claims. For more recent years, the award and allowance rates will change as decisions are made on pending claims.

Tables 61–63 show the allowance rate for Social Security only and the Social Security portion of concurrent applications (which are claims for both Social Security and Supplemental Security Income disability benefits). Each table shows a different level in the administrative decision-making process; that is, initial adjudicative, reconsideration, and hearing or higher level.

Beginning with 2000, the proportion of claims awarded at each level of the process changed as a result of the Prototype Process being tested in 10 states. Under this test, the reconsideration step of the appeals process was eliminated for applications filed October 1, 1999, or later. Elimination of the reconsideration level in these states results in a decrease in the aggregate proportion of claims awarded at this step.

This section also includes one table that shows the reason for medical allowance and one that shows the reason for medical denial (Tables 64 and 65). The reasons are derived from the sequential evaluation process used by decision makers. SSA maintains a list of impairments that are considered disabling under its regulations. An applicant can be found to be disabled if he or she—

  • has a listed impairment,
  • has a severe impairment that is equal to a listed impairment,
  • has a severe impairment when medical and vocational factors are considered, or
  • had previously established entitlement to a disability benefit.

An applicant can be denied benefits if he or she—

  • has an impairment that is not expected to last 12 months,
  • has an impairment that is not considered severe,
  • is able to perform his or her usual type of work,
  • is able to perform another type of work, or
  • has an impairment resulting from drug addiction or alcoholism, provides insufficient medical evidence, fails to cooperate, fails to follow prescribed treatment, does not want to continue development of the claim, or returns to substantial work before disability can be established.
Chart 11. Final outcome of disabled-worker applications, 2009–2018

The final award rate for disabled-worker applicants has varied over time, averaging 32 percent for claims filed from 2009 through 2018. The percentage of applicants awarded benefits at the initial claims level averaged 21 percent over the same period and ranged from a high of 25 percent to a low of 20 percent. The percentage of applicants awarded at the reconsideration and hearing levels are averaging 2 percent and 8 percent, respectively. Denied disability claims have averaged 66 percent.

Area chart linked to data in table format.
SOURCE: Tables 60–63.
NOTE: Awards are calculated as medical allowances minus subsequent technical denials. Technical denials include both nonmedical decision technical denials and medical decisions that were subsequently denied for technical reasons.
Table 60. Outcomes at all adjudicative levels, by year of application, 1992–2018
Year Total Pending final decision Technical denials a Medical decisions Award rate d (percent) Allowance rate e (percent)
Denials Allowances
Medical Subsequent nonmedical b Awards Subsequent denials c
  All disabled beneficiaries
1999 1,265,037 0 104,332 445,995 4,056 708,797 1,857 56.0 61.3
2000 1,364,323 0 136,054 456,467 3,817 766,047 1,938 56.1 62.6
2001 1,513,411 0 170,520 496,835 3,579 840,542 1,935 55.5 62.8
2002 1,715,710 0 231,067 580,430 4,067 898,047 2,099 52.3 60.7
2003 1,941,894 0 374,305 632,284 4,485 928,747 2,073 47.8 59.5
2004 2,262,119 0 615,672 677,811 5,634 961,376 1,626 42.5 58.5
2005 2,087,733 0 528,760 642,170 6,964 907,877 1,962 43.5 58.4
2006 2,164,394 0 611,199 653,256 7,270 890,752 1,917 41.2 57.5
2007 2,216,565 0 651,753 641,811 7,914 913,269 1,818 41.2 58.5
2008 2,358,629 0 717,133 660,762 9,023 969,935 1,776 41.1 59.2
2009 2,753,012 0 845,192 789,506 10,686 1,105,781 1,847 40.2 58.1
2010 2,981,615 0 978,636 861,634 19,095 1,120,175 2,075 37.6 56.0
2011 2,952,087 0 981,942 873,114 20,767 1,074,202 2,062 36.4 54.6
2012 2,955,922 5,736 1,024,468 862,501 23,856 1,037,081 2,280 35.2 54.0
2013 2,790,682 7,084 971,054 822,424 25,000 962,875 2,245 34.6 53.2
2014 2,687,342 9,553 936,875 798,940 27,085 912,604 2,285 34.1 52.6
2015 2,547,664 18,731 904,375 750,823 27,645 843,783 2,307 33.4 52.1
2016 2,430,071 57,024 875,660 679,141 27,614 788,636 1,996 33.2 52.8
2017 2,298,554 161,965 833,404 591,132 29,646 680,446 1,961 31.8 52.4
2018 2,172,116 282,897 805,638 507,709 29,679 544,224 1,969 28.8 50.4
  Workers
1992 1,310,004 0 130,885 481,439 5,725 689,111 2,844 52.6 58.8
1993 1,384,501 0 140,314 540,906 5,626 695,007 2,648 50.2 56.2
1994 1,383,092 0 130,240 573,158 5,506 671,791 2,397 48.6 53.9
1995 1,301,472 0 123,711 542,097 5,048 628,380 2,236 48.3 53.6
1996 1,313,818 0 116,988 537,482 5,011 652,221 2,116 49.6 54.8
1997 1,164,680 0 106,868 449,464 4,212 602,277 1,859 51.7 57.2
1998 1,138,101 0 96,718 421,953 4,205 613,181 2,044 53.9 59.2
1999 1,167,650 0 102,305 419,486 4,008 640,065 1,786 54.8 60.3
2000 1,265,188 0 133,947 430,581 3,782 695,007 1,871 54.9 61.7
2001 1,414,524 0 168,231 470,999 3,537 769,877 1,880 54.4 62.0
2002 1,609,480 0 228,455 550,985 4,011 823,981 2,048 51.2 59.9
2003 1,831,154 0 371,334 599,558 4,428 853,832 2,002 46.6 58.7
2004 2,145,629 0 611,647 643,040 5,582 883,784 1,576 41.2 57.8
2005 1,970,277 0 524,858 607,568 6,874 829,087 1,890 42.1 57.6
2006 2,040,682 0 606,435 613,407 7,164 811,818 1,858 39.8 56.8
2007 2,083,897 0 646,511 599,001 7,799 828,834 1,752 39.8 57.8
2008 2,217,126 0 711,536 616,715 8,892 878,274 1,709 39.6 58.4
2009 2,595,028 0 839,206 737,312 10,538 1,006,200 1,772 38.8 57.4
2010 2,809,479 0 968,155 804,405 18,494 1,016,417 2,008 36.2 55.3
2011 2,780,977 0 971,078 816,355 20,273 971,274 1,997 34.9 53.8
2012 2,776,214 5,605 1,009,061 806,251 22,766 930,373 2,158 33.6 52.9
2013 2,620,315 6,876 958,223 769,227 24,039 859,802 2,148 32.9 52.1
2014 2,523,710 9,299 924,770 749,828 26,039 811,570 2,204 32.3 51.2
2015 2,383,371 18,208 892,658 704,621 26,593 739,083 2,208 31.2 50.3
2016 2,275,562 55,102 864,669 637,385 26,613 689,912 1,881 31.1 51.0
2017 2,149,717 156,724 822,929 552,817 28,587 586,801 1,859 29.4 50.3
2018 2,026,768 274,185 794,461 470,966 28,659 456,627 1,870 26.1 47.9
  Widow(er)s
1999 40,053 0 1,173 9,718 17 29,108 37 72.7 75.0
2000 39,990 0 1,258 9,013 11 29,679 29 74.2 76.8
2001 40,227 0 1,344 8,738 13 30,113 19 74.9 77.5
2002 41,065 0 1,540 8,941 18 30,547 19 74.4 77.4
2003 41,243 0 1,645 9,553 24 29,977 44 72.7 75.9
2004 42,449 0 2,069 9,554 22 30,780 24 72.5 76.3
2005 41,409 0 1,892 9,253 26 30,215 23 73.0 76.6
2006 41,468 0 2,190 9,774 38 29,443 23 71.0 75.1
2007 40,781 0 2,211 8,975 28 29,540 27 72.4 76.7
2008 42,140 0 2,329 8,622 31 31,137 21 73.9 78.3
2009 44,059 0 2,551 8,943 43 32,502 20 73.8 78.4
2010 47,583 0 3,543 9,707 82 34,228 23 71.9 77.8
2011 47,011 0 3,498 9,822 74 33,583 34 71.4 77.3
2012 51,351 43 5,847 9,854 242 35,312 53 68.8 77.8
2013 49,596 70 5,111 9,940 261 34,171 43 69.0 77.0
2014 48,048 86 4,621 9,636 267 33,401 37 69.6 77.2
2015 45,839 154 4,467 8,798 290 32,093 37 70.2 78.0
2016 43,048 560 4,108 7,948 252 30,137 43 70.9 78.6
2017 40,444 1,779 3,822 7,029 302 27,480 32 71.1 79.0
2018 37,067 3,037 3,800 6,598 333 23,269 30 68.4 77.1
  Adult children
1999 57,334 0 854 16,791 31 39,624 34 69.1 70.3
2000 59,145 0 849 16,873 24 41,361 38 69.9 71.1
2001 58,660 0 945 17,098 29 40,552 36 69.1 70.4
2002 65,165 0 1,072 20,504 38 43,519 32 66.8 68.0
2003 69,497 0 1,326 23,173 33 44,938 27 64.7 66.0
2004 74,041 0 1,956 25,217 30 46,812 26 63.2 65.0
2005 76,047 0 2,010 25,349 64 48,575 49 63.9 65.7
2006 82,244 0 2,574 30,075 68 49,491 36 60.2 62.2
2007 91,887 0 3,031 33,835 87 54,895 39 59.7 61.8
2008 99,363 0 3,268 35,425 100 60,524 46 60.9 63.0
2009 113,925 0 3,435 43,251 105 67,079 55 58.9 60.8
2010 124,553 0 6,938 47,522 519 69,530 44 55.8 59.2
2011 124,099 0 7,366 46,937 420 69,345 31 55.9 59.4
2012 128,357 88 9,560 46,396 848 71,396 69 55.7 60.2
2013 120,771 138 7,720 43,257 700 68,902 54 57.1 61.1
2014 115,584 168 7,484 39,476 779 67,633 44 58.6 62.7
2015 118,454 369 7,250 37,404 762 72,607 62 61.5 65.6
2016 111,461 1,362 6,883 33,808 749 68,587 72 62.3 66.5
2017 108,393 3,462 6,653 31,286 757 66,165 70 63.1 67.4
2018 108,281 5,675 7,377 30,145 687 64,328 69 62.7 67.6
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data for the initial and reconsideration levels are current through June 2019. Data for the hearing level or above are current through July 2019.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the award and allowance rates will change over time. Cases can be pending at the initial or appellate levels and can include either medical or technical issues.
Data include decisions for Social Security–only applications and applications for both Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (SSI); they do not include SSI-only applications.
Data from 1992 through 1998 are available for disabled workers only.
a. Applications were denied for nonmedical reasons; therefore no decision was made on severity of impairment.
b. Applications were denied for nonmedical reasons after a decision was made that the applicant did not meet the medical severity criteria for disability benefits.
c. Applications were denied for nonmedical reasons after a decision was made that the applicant met the medical severity criteria for disability benefits.
d. Rate determined by dividing awards by all applications minus pending claims for that year.
e. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 61. Medical decisions at the initial adjudicative level, by year of application and program, 1992–2018
Year All decisions Decisions on applications for Social Security only Decisions on applications for both Social Security and SSI
Total Allowances Allowance rate a (percent) Total Allowances Allowance rate a (percent) Total Allowances Allowance rate a,b (percent)
  All disabled beneficiaries
1999 1,160,792 458,854 39.5 649,980 313,152 48.2 510,812 145,702 28.5
2000 1,228,301 500,657 40.8 688,282 339,764 49.4 540,019 160,893 29.8
2001 1,342,915 558,741 41.6 742,869 379,266 51.1 600,046 179,475 29.9
2002 1,484,685 575,089 38.7 794,839 385,453 48.5 689,846 189,636 27.5
2003 1,567,607 583,758 37.2 804,688 383,225 47.6 762,919 200,533 26.3
2004 1,646,469 604,176 36.7 814,157 389,190 47.8 832,312 214,986 25.8
2005 1,559,003 575,310 36.9 763,377 370,449 48.5 795,626 204,861 25.7
2006 1,553,228 562,208 36.2 753,222 363,226 48.2 800,006 198,982 24.9
2007 1,564,868 583,058 37.3 757,294 377,352 49.8 807,574 205,706 25.5
2008 1,641,539 635,422 38.7 783,521 408,893 52.2 858,018 226,529 26.4
2009 1,907,857 734,410 38.5 922,365 480,888 52.1 985,492 253,522 25.7
2010 2,003,024 739,067 36.9 991,004 496,221 50.1 1,012,020 242,846 24.0
2011 1,970,199 703,272 35.7 988,015 478,723 48.5 982,184 224,549 22.9
2012 1,931,471 689,146 35.7 989,639 474,838 48.0 941,832 214,308 22.8
2013 1,819,635 643,265 35.4 966,472 450,129 46.6 853,163 193,136 22.6
2014 1,750,470 615,630 35.2 981,458 441,823 45.0 769,012 173,807 22.6
2015 1,643,286 582,662 35.5 941,191 423,848 45.0 702,095 158,814 22.6
2016 1,554,065 556,905 35.8 903,986 407,311 45.1 650,079 149,594 23.0
2017 1,464,195 532,197 36.3 848,954 388,426 45.8 615,241 143,771 23.4
2018 1,361,721 498,743 36.6 800,500 364,129 45.5 561,221 134,614 24.0
  Workers
1992 1,179,119 436,715 37.0 558,741 248,385 44.5 620,378 188,330 30.4
1993 1,244,187 421,560 33.9 571,464 240,839 42.1 672,723 180,721 26.9
1994 1,252,852 390,785 31.2 591,408 233,059 39.4 661,444 157,726 23.8
1995 1,177,761 367,293 31.2 569,963 223,457 39.2 607,798 143,836 23.7
1996 1,196,830 384,167 32.1 593,992 237,474 40.0 602,838 146,693 24.3
1997 1,057,812 357,880 33.8 551,909 228,793 41.5 505,903 129,087 25.5
1998 1,041,383 374,376 35.9 550,794 238,989 43.4 490,589 135,387 27.6
1999 1,065,430 396,253 37.2 578,884 259,417 44.8 486,546 136,836 28.1
2000 1,131,273 435,416 38.5 615,507 283,906 46.1 515,766 151,510 29.4
2001 1,246,317 493,638 39.6 670,621 323,649 48.3 575,696 169,989 29.5
2002 1,381,065 507,031 36.7 718,611 327,294 45.5 662,454 179,737 27.1
2003 1,459,838 514,871 35.3 728,169 324,769 44.6 731,669 190,102 26.0
2004 1,534,004 532,860 34.7 738,167 329,980 44.7 795,837 202,880 25.5
2005 1,445,449 502,762 34.8 686,143 309,900 45.2 759,306 192,862 25.4
2006 1,434,280 489,529 34.1 675,523 303,051 44.9 758,757 186,478 24.6
2007 1,437,440 505,946 35.2 676,179 314,355 46.5 761,261 191,591 25.2
2008 1,505,630 552,705 36.7 697,893 340,958 48.9 807,737 211,747 26.2
2009 1,755,858 644,692 36.7 830,777 407,867 49.1 925,081 236,825 25.6
2010 1,841,366 645,047 35.0 894,513 419,053 46.8 946,853 225,994 23.9
2011 1,809,950 610,266 33.7 890,717 401,263 45.0 919,233 209,003 22.7
2012 1,767,166 592,449 33.5 887,285 393,370 44.3 879,881 199,079 22.6
2013 1,662,093 549,421 33.1 867,183 370,659 42.7 794,910 178,762 22.5
2014 1,598,937 523,030 32.7 882,879 362,784 41.1 716,058 160,246 22.4
2015 1,490,710 485,692 32.6 838,619 340,094 40.6 652,091 145,598 22.3
2016 1,410,571 464,939 33.0 806,361 327,958 40.7 604,210 136,981 22.7
2017 1,325,923 443,068 33.4 753,789 311,092 41.3 572,134 131,976 23.1
2018 1,227,781 412,979 33.6 706,206 289,799 41.0 521,575 123,180 23.6
  Widow(er)s
1999 38,880 24,898 64.0 29,600 21,272 71.9 9,280 3,626 39.1
2000 38,732 25,748 66.5 29,874 21,967 73.5 8,858 3,781 42.7
2001 38,883 26,206 67.4 30,273 22,436 74.1 8,610 3,770 43.8
2002 39,526 26,489 67.0 30,891 22,751 73.6 8,635 3,738 43.3
2003 39,598 25,960 65.6 30,216 22,213 73.5 9,382 3,747 39.9
2004 40,380 26,666 66.0 29,578 22,252 75.2 10,802 4,414 40.9
2005 39,517 26,265 66.5 29,201 22,023 75.4 10,316 4,242 41.1
2006 39,278 25,584 65.1 28,454 21,399 75.2 10,824 4,185 38.7
2007 38,570 25,546 66.2 27,586 21,181 76.8 10,984 4,365 39.7
2008 39,811 26,777 67.3 28,194 22,185 78.7 11,617 4,592 39.5
2009 41,508 27,815 67.0 28,929 22,797 78.8 12,579 5,018 39.9
2010 44,040 29,501 67.0 30,599 24,203 79.1 13,441 5,298 39.4
2011 43,513 28,699 66.0 30,385 23,802 78.3 13,128 4,897 37.3
2012 45,502 30,476 67.0 32,403 25,662 79.2 13,099 4,814 36.8
2013 44,488 29,535 66.4 31,758 25,011 78.8 12,730 4,524 35.5
2014 43,431 28,991 66.8 31,406 24,789 78.9 12,025 4,202 34.9
2015 41,374 28,179 68.1 30,281 24,235 80.0 11,093 3,944 35.6
2016 38,936 26,704 68.6 28,736 23,036 80.2 10,200 3,668 36.0
2017 36,603 25,227 68.9 27,134 21,871 80.6 9,469 3,356 35.4
2018 33,218 22,442 67.6 24,710 19,381 78.4 8,508 3,061 36.0
  Adult children
1999 56,482 37,703 66.8 41,496 32,463 78.2 14,986 5,240 35.0
2000 58,296 39,493 67.7 42,901 33,891 79.0 15,395 5,602 36.4
2001 57,715 38,897 67.4 41,975 33,181 79.0 15,740 5,716 36.3
2002 64,094 41,569 64.9 45,337 35,408 78.1 18,757 6,161 32.8
2003 68,171 42,927 63.0 46,303 36,243 78.3 21,868 6,684 30.6
2004 72,085 44,650 61.9 46,412 36,958 79.6 25,673 7,692 30.0
2005 74,037 46,283 62.5 48,033 38,526 80.2 26,004 7,757 29.8
2006 79,670 47,095 59.1 49,245 38,776 78.7 30,425 8,319 27.3
2007 88,858 51,566 58.0 53,529 41,816 78.1 35,329 9,750 27.6
2008 96,098 55,940 58.2 57,434 45,750 79.7 38,664 10,190 26.4
2009 110,491 61,903 56.0 62,659 50,224 80.2 47,832 11,679 24.4
2010 117,618 64,519 54.9 65,892 52,965 80.4 51,726 11,554 22.3
2011 116,736 64,307 55.1 66,913 53,658 80.2 49,823 10,649 21.4
2012 118,803 66,221 55.7 69,951 55,806 79.8 48,852 10,415 21.3
2013 113,054 64,309 56.9 67,531 54,459 80.6 45,523 9,850 21.6
2014 108,102 63,609 58.8 67,173 54,250 80.8 40,929 9,359 22.9
2015 111,202 68,791 61.9 72,291 59,519 82.3 38,911 9,272 23.8
2016 104,558 65,262 62.4 68,889 56,317 81.8 35,669 8,945 25.1
2017 101,669 63,902 62.9 68,031 55,463 81.5 33,638 8,439 25.1
2018 100,722 63,322 62.9 69,584 54,949 79.0 31,138 8,373 26.9
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data are current through June 2019.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the allowance rate will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or be subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
Data from 1992 through 1998 are available for disabled workers only.
SSI = Supplemental Security Income.
a. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
b. Rate for the Social Security portion only.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 62. Medical decisions at the reconsideration level, by year of application and program, 1992–2018
Year All decisions Decisions on applications for Social Security only Decisions on applications for both Social Security and SSI
Total Allowances Allowance rate a (percent) Total Allowances Allowance rate a (percent) Total Allowances Allowance rate a,b (percent)
  All disabled beneficiaries
1999 397,127 58,602 14.8 209,682 33,223 15.8 187,445 25,379 13.5
2000 407,758 55,631 13.6 214,965 31,473 14.6 192,793 24,158 12.5
2001 434,185 55,494 12.8 221,720 30,807 13.9 212,465 24,687 11.6
2002 502,441 57,460 11.4 249,822 31,212 12.5 252,619 26,248 10.4
2003 542,986 57,868 10.7 258,354 30,344 11.7 284,632 27,524 9.7
2004 558,632 57,363 10.3 255,283 29,169 11.4 303,349 28,194 9.3
2005 514,277 51,732 10.1 231,252 26,556 11.5 283,025 25,176 8.9
2006 514,442 51,156 9.9 227,921 26,078 11.4 286,521 25,078 8.8
2007 519,254 57,038 11.0 224,454 29,822 13.3 294,800 27,216 9.2
2008 546,426 59,255 10.8 222,900 29,954 13.4 323,526 29,301 9.1
2009 644,224 64,080 9.9 264,493 33,212 12.6 379,731 30,868 8.1
2010 706,098 63,198 9.0 299,847 34,302 11.4 406,251 28,896 7.1
2011 724,443 65,168 9.0 314,352 36,361 11.6 410,091 28,807 7.0
2012 714,083 62,511 8.8 316,698 34,933 11.0 397,385 27,578 6.9
2013 682,306 56,638 8.3 316,197 32,184 10.2 366,109 24,454 6.7
2014 644,154 56,414 8.8 316,494 33,552 10.6 327,660 22,862 7.0
2015 572,082 54,724 9.6 291,057 33,038 11.4 281,025 21,686 7.7
2016 530,631 53,390 10.1 275,009 32,733 11.9 255,622 20,657 8.1
2017 477,871 49,069 10.3 246,251 30,399 12.3 231,620 18,670 8.1
2018 358,181 34,970 9.8 188,425 22,406 11.9 169,756 12,564 7.4
  Workers
1992 419,798 53,881 12.8 190,594 25,352 13.3 229,204 28,529 12.4
1993 469,151 58,275 12.4 206,606 27,306 13.2 262,545 30,969 11.8
1994 489,731 62,757 12.8 226,013 31,468 13.9 263,718 31,289 11.9
1995 458,036 60,584 13.2 218,950 31,563 14.4 239,086 29,021 12.1
1996 464,582 65,466 14.1 226,333 33,596 14.8 238,249 31,870 13.4
1997 403,225 59,978 14.9 206,148 33,373 16.2 197,077 26,605 13.5
1998 384,997 61,742 16.0 199,292 34,043 17.1 185,705 27,699 14.9
1999 384,286 55,272 14.4 202,999 31,712 15.6 181,287 23,560 13.0
2000 396,216 52,794 13.3 208,638 30,189 14.5 187,578 22,605 12.1
2001 422,937 52,905 12.5 215,591 29,647 13.8 207,346 23,258 11.2
2002 489,974 54,974 11.2 243,259 30,157 12.4 246,715 24,817 10.1
2003 529,775 55,342 10.4 252,226 29,348 11.6 277,549 25,994 9.4
2004 545,180 54,527 10.0 249,568 28,202 11.3 295,612 26,325 8.9
2005 501,374 49,029 9.8 225,707 25,640 11.4 275,667 23,389 8.5
2006 500,913 48,406 9.7 222,465 25,256 11.4 278,448 23,150 8.3
2007 503,473 54,434 10.8 218,683 28,950 13.2 284,790 25,484 8.9
2008 527,774 56,838 10.8 216,971 29,111 13.4 310,803 27,727 8.9
2009 621,676 61,281 9.9 258,019 32,309 12.5 363,657 28,972 8.0
2010 681,806 60,435 8.9 293,218 33,394 11.4 388,588 27,041 7.0
2011 699,643 62,357 8.9 307,209 35,404 11.5 392,434 26,953 6.9
2012 688,169 59,788 8.7 309,019 33,996 11.0 379,150 25,792 6.8
2013 657,752 54,211 8.2 308,990 31,357 10.1 348,762 22,854 6.6
2014 621,939 54,078 8.7 309,610 32,752 10.6 312,329 21,326 6.8
2015 551,851 52,350 9.5 284,606 32,205 11.3 267,245 20,145 7.5
2016 512,066 51,173 10.0 268,851 31,926 11.9 243,215 19,247 7.9
2017 460,836 47,009 10.2 240,618 29,608 12.3 220,218 17,401 7.9
2018 345,682 33,461 9.7 183,821 21,697 11.8 161,861 11,764 7.3
  Widow(er)s
1999 7,125 1,962 27.5 4,114 895 21.8 3,011 1,067 35.4
2000 6,379 1,572 24.6 3,872 734 19.0 2,507 838 33.4
2001 6,212 1,582 25.5 3,865 728 18.8 2,347 854 36.4
2002 6,390 1,392 21.8 3,996 649 16.2 2,394 743 31.0
2003 6,665 1,378 20.7 3,832 637 16.6 2,833 741 26.2
2004 6,475 1,549 23.9 3,457 597 17.3 3,018 952 31.5
2005 6,105 1,381 22.6 3,329 561 16.9 2,776 820 29.5
2006 5,985 1,308 21.9 3,120 461 14.8 2,865 847 29.6
2007 5,948 1,144 19.2 2,887 462 16.0 3,061 682 22.3
2008 6,347 921 14.5 2,858 391 13.7 3,489 530 15.2
2009 6,988 1,077 15.4 3,044 446 14.7 3,944 631 16.0
2010 7,359 1,055 14.3 3,073 461 15.0 4,286 594 13.9
2011 7,843 1,132 14.4 3,366 504 15.0 4,477 628 14.0
2012 8,134 1,116 13.7 3,541 480 13.6 4,593 636 13.8
2013 8,101 1,027 12.7 3,485 456 13.1 4,616 571 12.4
2014 7,829 1,014 13.0 3,419 458 13.4 4,410 556 12.6
2015 6,920 986 14.2 3,031 428 14.1 3,889 558 14.3
2016 6,354 863 13.6 2,813 406 14.4 3,541 457 12.9
2017 5,685 800 14.1 2,497 386 15.5 3,188 414 13.0
2018 4,175 579 13.9 1,901 298 15.7 2,274 281 12.4
  Adult children
1999 5,716 1,368 23.9 2,569 616 24.0 3,147 752 23.9
2000 5,163 1,265 24.5 2,455 550 22.4 2,708 715 26.4
2001 5,036 1,007 20.0 2,264 432 19.1 2,772 575 20.7
2002 6,077 1,094 18.0 2,567 406 15.8 3,510 688 19.6
2003 6,546 1,148 17.5 2,296 359 15.6 4,250 789 18.6
2004 6,977 1,287 18.4 2,258 370 16.4 4,719 917 19.4
2005 6,798 1,322 19.4 2,216 355 16.0 4,582 967 21.1
2006 7,544 1,442 19.1 2,336 361 15.5 5,208 1,081 20.8
2007 9,833 1,460 14.8 2,884 410 14.2 6,949 1,050 15.1
2008 12,305 1,496 12.2 3,071 452 14.7 9,234 1,044 11.3
2009 15,560 1,722 11.1 3,430 457 13.3 12,130 1,265 10.4
2010 16,933 1,708 10.1 3,556 447 12.6 13,377 1,261 9.4
2011 16,957 1,679 9.9 3,777 453 12.0 13,180 1,226 9.3
2012 17,780 1,607 9.0 4,138 457 11.0 13,642 1,150 8.4
2013 16,453 1,400 8.5 3,722 371 10.0 12,731 1,029 8.1
2014 14,386 1,322 9.2 3,465 342 9.9 10,921 980 9.0
2015 13,311 1,388 10.4 3,420 405 11.8 9,891 983 9.9
2016 12,211 1,354 11.1 3,345 401 12.0 8,866 953 10.7
2017 11,350 1,260 11.1 3,136 405 12.9 8,214 855 10.4
2018 8,324 930 11.2 2,703 411 15.2 5,621 519 9.2
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data are current through June 2019.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the allowance rate will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or be subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
A revised process was introduced on October 1, 1999, in 10 states, under which initial denials could be appealed directly to the hearing level without a reconsideration.
Data from 1992 through 1998 are available for disabled workers only.
SSI = Supplemental Security Income.
a. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
b. Rate for the Social Security portion only.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 63. Medical decisions at the hearing level or above, by year of application and program, 1992–2018
Year All decisions Decisions on applications for Social Security only Decisions on applications for both Social Security and SSI
Total Allowances Allowance rate a (percent) Total Allowances Allowance rate a (percent) Total Allowances Allowance rate a,b (percent)
  All disabled beneficiaries
1999 265,058 193,198 72.9 144,847 114,207 78.8 120,211 78,991 65.7
2000 290,068 211,697 73.0 157,001 124,015 79.0 133,067 87,682 65.9
2001 313,839 228,242 72.7 164,710 130,576 79.3 149,129 97,666 65.5
2002 369,875 267,597 72.3 189,671 150,834 79.5 180,204 116,763 64.8
2003 401,747 289,194 72.0 197,765 157,566 79.7 203,982 131,628 64.5
2004 415,339 301,463 72.6 196,715 159,335 81.0 218,624 142,128 65.0
2005 384,341 282,797 73.6 178,312 145,587 81.6 206,029 137,210 66.6
2006 387,021 279,305 72.2 176,337 142,420 80.8 210,684 136,885 65.0
2007 387,412 274,991 71.0 169,876 136,134 80.1 217,536 138,857 63.8
2008 405,203 277,034 68.4 167,464 131,704 78.6 237,739 145,330 61.1
2009 482,363 309,138 64.1 200,296 150,200 75.0 282,067 158,938 56.3
2010 537,449 319,985 59.5 230,392 162,670 70.6 307,057 157,315 51.2
2011 554,152 307,824 55.5 241,128 160,106 66.4 313,024 147,718 47.2
2012 548,563 287,704 52.4 243,554 153,880 63.2 305,009 133,824 43.9
2013 530,963 265,217 50.0 246,698 146,974 59.6 284,265 118,243 41.6
2014 491,713 242,845 49.4 241,991 139,681 57.7 249,722 103,164 41.3
2015 416,479 208,704 50.1 213,064 124,198 58.3 203,415 84,506 41.5
2016 340,009 180,337 53.0 178,702 109,895 61.5 161,307 70,442 43.7
2017 190,919 101,141 53.0 102,590 62,943 61.4 88,329 38,198 43.2
2018 25,799 12,480 48.4 15,471 8,683 56.1 10,328 3,797 36.8
  Workers
1992 275,863 201,359 73.0 131,624 105,371 80.1 144,239 95,988 66.5
1993 310,655 217,816 70.1 143,997 112,593 78.2 166,658 105,223 63.1
1994 323,607 220,645 68.2 156,458 119,338 76.3 167,149 101,307 60.6
1995 301,917 202,739 67.2 150,882 113,781 75.4 151,035 88,958 58.9
1996 306,245 204,704 66.8 157,790 116,292 73.7 148,455 88,412 59.6
1997 267,288 186,278 69.7 141,021 107,539 76.3 126,267 78,739 62.4
1998 251,486 179,107 71.2 134,883 104,763 77.7 116,603 74,344 63.8
1999 260,850 190,326 73.0 141,671 111,954 79.0 119,179 78,372 65.8
2000 285,620 208,668 73.1 153,649 121,651 79.2 131,971 87,017 65.9
2001 309,372 225,214 72.8 161,335 128,214 79.5 148,037 97,000 65.5
2002 364,659 264,024 72.4 185,830 148,078 79.7 178,829 115,946 64.8
2003 396,352 285,621 72.1 194,232 155,060 79.8 202,120 130,561 64.6
2004 410,160 297,973 72.6 193,481 156,966 81.1 216,679 141,007 65.1
2005 379,242 279,186 73.6 175,088 143,130 81.7 204,154 136,056 66.6
2006 381,766 275,741 72.2 173,088 140,092 80.9 208,678 135,649 65.0
2007 379,554 270,206 71.2 166,457 133,740 80.3 213,097 136,466 64.0
2008 393,931 270,440 68.7 163,640 128,949 78.8 230,291 141,491 61.4
2009 468,958 301,999 64.4 196,271 147,402 75.1 272,687 154,597 56.7
2010 523,023 312,943 59.8 226,168 159,885 70.7 296,855 153,058 51.6
2011 539,130 300,648 55.8 236,502 157,134 66.4 302,628 143,514 47.4
2012 532,081 280,294 52.7 238,525 150,805 63.2 293,556 129,489 44.1
2013 515,023 258,318 50.2 241,822 144,111 59.6 273,201 114,207 41.8
2014 477,857 236,666 49.5 237,463 137,021 57.7 240,394 99,645 41.5
2015 404,468 203,249 50.3 209,040 121,807 58.3 195,428 81,442 41.7
2016 330,501 175,681 53.2 175,374 107,831 61.5 155,127 67,850 43.7
2017 185,623 98,583 53.1 100,619 61,690 61.3 85,004 36,893 43.4
2018 24,971 12,057 48.3 15,040 8,383 55.7 9,931 3,674 37.0
  Widow(er)s
1999 3,027 2,285 75.5 2,325 1,794 77.2 702 491 69.9
2000 3,140 2,388 76.1 2,414 1,870 77.5 726 518 71.3
2001 3,046 2,344 77.0 2,391 1,862 77.9 655 482 73.6
2002 3,438 2,685 78.1 2,654 2,109 79.5 784 576 73.5
2003 3,525 2,683 76.1 2,438 1,914 78.5 1,087 769 70.7
2004 3,241 2,589 79.9 2,199 1,804 82.0 1,042 785 75.3
2005 3,187 2,592 81.3 2,166 1,814 83.7 1,021 778 76.2
2006 3,172 2,574 81.1 2,087 1,726 82.7 1,085 848 78.2
2007 3,642 2,877 79.0 1,960 1,601 81.7 1,682 1,276 75.9
2008 4,404 3,460 78.6 2,056 1,709 83.1 2,348 1,751 74.6
2009 4,775 3,630 76.0 2,126 1,742 81.9 2,649 1,888 71.3
2010 5,178 3,695 71.4 2,193 1,703 77.7 2,985 1,992 66.7
2011 5,421 3,786 69.8 2,372 1,774 74.8 3,049 2,012 66.0
2012 5,770 3,773 65.4 2,536 1,816 71.6 3,234 1,957 60.5
2013 5,889 3,652 62.0 2,537 1,742 68.7 3,352 1,910 57.0
2014 5,606 3,433 61.2 2,439 1,639 67.2 3,167 1,794 56.6
2015 4,753 2,965 62.4 2,092 1,449 69.3 2,661 1,516 57.0
2016 3,952 2,613 66.1 1,747 1,250 71.6 2,205 1,363 61.8
2017 2,238 1,485 66.4 1,065 787 73.9 1,173 698 59.5
2018 389 278 71.5 261 219 83.9 128 59 46.1
  Adult children
1999 1,181 587 49.7 851 459 53.9 330 128 38.8
2000 1,308 641 49.0 938 494 52.7 370 147 39.7
2001 1,421 684 48.1 984 500 50.8 437 184 42.1
2002 1,778 888 49.9 1,187 647 54.5 591 241 40.8
2003 1,870 890 47.6 1,095 592 54.1 775 298 38.5
2004 1,938 901 46.5 1,035 565 54.6 903 336 37.2
2005 1,912 1,019 53.3 1,058 643 60.8 854 376 44.0
2006 2,083 990 47.5 1,162 602 51.8 921 388 42.1
2007 4,216 1,908 45.3 1,459 793 54.4 2,757 1,115 40.4
2008 6,868 3,134 45.6 1,768 1,046 59.2 5,100 2,088 40.9
2009 8,630 3,509 40.7 1,899 1,056 55.6 6,731 2,453 36.4
2010 9,248 3,347 36.2 2,031 1,082 53.3 7,217 2,265 31.4
2011 9,601 3,390 35.3 2,254 1,198 53.1 7,347 2,192 29.8
2012 10,712 3,637 34.0 2,493 1,259 50.5 8,219 2,378 28.9
2013 10,051 3,247 32.3 2,339 1,121 47.9 7,712 2,126 27.6
2014 8,250 2,746 33.3 2,089 1,021 48.9 6,161 1,725 28.0
2015 7,258 2,490 34.3 1,932 942 48.8 5,326 1,548 29.1
2016 5,556 2,043 36.8 1,581 814 51.5 3,975 1,229 30.9
2017 3,058 1,073 35.1 906 466 51.4 2,152 607 28.2
2018 439 145 33.0 170 81 47.6 269 64 23.8
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data are current through July 2019.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the allowance rate will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or be subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
A revised process was introduced on October 1, 1999, in 10 states, under which initial denials could be appealed directly to the hearing level without a reconsideration.
Data from 1992 through 1998 are available for disabled workers only.
SSI = Supplemental Security Income.
a. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
b. Rate for the Social Security portion only.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 64. Number and percentage distribution of final medical allowances, by year of application and reason for allowance, 1992–2018
Year Total Meets level of severity of listings Equals level of severity of listings Medical and vocational factors considered Other a
Number Percent
  All disabled beneficiaries
1999 708,797 100.0 33.0 5.9 26.9 34.2
2000 766,047 100.0 31.1 6.2 29.2 33.5
2001 840,542 100.0 30.0 6.1 30.1 33.9
2002 898,047 100.0 28.5 5.3 30.1 36.1
2003 928,747 100.0 27.1 5.1 31.1 36.7
2004 961,376 100.0 26.4 4.9 31.5 37.2
2005 907,877 100.0 26.5 4.7 32.0 36.8
2006 890,752 100.0 26.4 4.5 31.9 37.3
2007 913,269 100.0 26.1 4.6 32.7 36.6
2008 969,935 100.0 25.5 5.2 34.1 35.2
2009 1,105,781 100.0 24.3 5.2 35.7 34.8
2010 1,120,175 100.0 23.1 5.1 36.3 35.6
2011 1,074,202 100.0 22.4 5.0 37.6 35.0
2012 1,037,081 100.0 22.1 5.0 38.2 34.8
2013 962,875 100.0 22.5 4.7 37.2 35.6
2014 912,604 100.0 23.2 4.6 36.9 35.3
2015 843,783 100.0 24.6 4.5 36.4 34.5
2016 788,636 100.0 26.6 4.5 36.1 32.8
2017 680,446 100.0 30.6 4.9 38.5 26.1
2018 544,224 100.0 37.9 5.6 42.8 13.7
  Workers
1992 689,111 100.0 34.3 11.1 24.3 30.3
1993 695,007 100.0 34.3 8.7 23.6 33.4
1994 671,791 100.0 34.5 6.9 25.6 32.9
1995 628,380 100.0 34.5 6.7 26.8 31.9
1996 652,221 100.0 34.2 7.0 27.4 31.5
1997 602,277 100.0 35.0 7.5 26.4 31.1
1998 613,181 100.0 35.5 6.6 26.9 31.0
1999 640,065 100.0 33.6 6.3 28.3 31.9
2000 695,007 100.0 31.7 6.5 30.6 31.2
2001 769,877 100.0 30.5 6.4 31.3 31.8
2002 823,981 100.0 29.0 5.6 31.4 34.0
2003 853,832 100.0 27.5 5.3 32.5 34.8
2004 883,784 100.0 26.7 5.2 32.9 35.2
2005 829,087 100.0 27.0 4.9 33.6 34.5
2006 811,818 100.0 26.9 4.7 33.5 34.9
2007 828,834 100.0 26.5 4.9 34.6 34.0
2008 878,274 100.0 26.0 5.5 36.2 32.3
2009 1,006,200 100.0 24.8 5.5 37.8 31.9
2010 1,016,417 100.0 23.6 5.4 38.5 32.5
2011 971,274 100.0 22.9 5.3 40.1 31.6
2012 930,373 100.0 22.8 5.3 41.1 30.9
2013 859,802 100.0 23.2 5.1 40.2 31.5
2014 811,570 100.0 24.1 5.0 40.0 30.9
2015 739,083 100.0 25.9 4.9 40.1 29.2
2016 689,912 100.0 28.0 4.9 39.8 27.3
2017 586,801 100.0 32.6 5.4 43.0 19.0
2018 456,627 100.0 40.2 6.3 48.9 4.6
  Widow(er)s
1999 29,108 100.0 14.9 2.5 24.6 58.0
2000 29,679 100.0 12.8 2.5 26.3 58.4
2001 30,113 100.0 12.3 2.6 27.0 58.1
2002 30,547 100.0 11.4 2.1 26.5 60.0
2003 29,977 100.0 10.8 2.2 26.1 60.9
2004 30,780 100.0 10.1 1.9 26.0 62.0
2005 30,215 100.0 9.7 1.7 25.5 63.1
2006 29,443 100.0 9.6 1.5 24.2 64.7
2007 29,540 100.0 9.1 1.6 24.3 64.9
2008 31,137 100.0 8.7 1.7 24.8 64.7
2009 32,502 100.0 8.1 1.9 26.0 63.9
2010 34,228 100.0 7.7 1.9 25.3 65.1
2011 33,583 100.0 7.8 1.7 25.3 65.3
2012 35,312 100.0 6.8 1.6 24.2 67.4
2013 34,171 100.0 6.2 1.6 23.0 69.2
2014 33,401 100.0 6.3 1.5 21.7 70.6
2015 32,093 100.0 6.6 1.3 21.3 70.8
2016 30,137 100.0 6.5 1.2 20.6 71.7
2017 27,480 100.0 7.2 1.3 20.8 70.8
2018 23,269 100.0 8.8 1.4 23.8 66.0
  Adult children
1999 39,624 100.0 35.9 3.2 7.4 53.5
2000 41,361 100.0 35.0 3.1 7.3 54.7
2001 40,552 100.0 33.0 3.0 8.0 56.0
2002 43,519 100.0 31.7 2.9 7.6 57.8
2003 44,938 100.0 31.0 2.7 8.2 58.2
2004 46,812 100.0 30.1 2.7 8.5 58.6
2005 48,575 100.0 28.5 2.5 8.3 60.7
2006 49,491 100.0 28.4 2.6 8.8 60.2
2007 54,895 100.0 28.3 2.6 9.0 60.1
2008 60,524 100.0 26.6 2.5 8.6 62.3
2009 67,079 100.0 24.8 2.5 8.8 63.9
2010 69,530 100.0 23.2 2.3 8.3 66.1
2011 69,345 100.0 21.9 2.3 7.9 67.9
2012 71,396 100.0 21.4 2.2 7.3 69.0
2013 68,902 100.0 21.0 2.0 7.0 69.9
2014 67,633 100.0 20.7 1.9 6.6 70.8
2015 72,607 100.0 19.7 1.7 5.9 72.7
2016 68,587 100.0 21.8 1.7 5.8 70.7
2017 66,165 100.0 22.6 1.7 5.4 70.3
2018 64,328 100.0 32.0 2.2 6.0 59.7
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data for the initial and reconsideration levels are current through June 2019. Data for the hearing level or above are current through July 2019.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the numbers and percentages will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or be subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
Data include decisions for Social Security–only applications and applications for both Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (SSI); they do not include SSI-only claims.
Data from 1992 through 1998 are available for disabled workers only.
a. Includes applications for which the disability was previously established and those for which the basis for the determination is not available. The majority of applications for which the basis of determination is not available are cases allowed at or above the hearing level.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 65. Number and percentage distribution of final medical denials, by year of application and reason for denial, 1992–2018
Year Total Impairment did not or is not expected to last 12 months Impairment is not severe Able to do usual past work Able to do other type of work Other a
Number Percent
  All disabled beneficiaries
1999 450,051 100.0 10.2 17.8 28.3 30.8 12.9
2000 460,284 100.0 10.0 17.2 28.2 30.4 14.1
2001 500,414 100.0 9.2 16.7 28.0 31.1 14.9
2002 584,497 100.0 8.5 17.1 28.2 31.3 14.9
2003 636,769 100.0 7.5 17.7 28.2 31.8 14.9
2004 683,445 100.0 6.8 18.4 27.6 31.5 15.7
2005 649,134 100.0 6.5 19.2 26.7 31.4 16.3
2006 660,526 100.0 6.3 19.8 26.2 31.3 16.4
2007 649,725 100.0 6.3 20.4 26.3 30.9 16.0
2008 669,785 100.0 5.8 21.4 26.0 31.3 15.5
2009 800,192 100.0 4.6 22.5 25.4 32.3 15.1
2010 880,729 100.0 4.1 23.3 24.7 32.3 15.5
2011 893,881 100.0 3.9 23.8 20.4 33.6 18.3
2012 886,357 100.0 3.8 24.8 16.2 39.0 16.3
2013 847,424 100.0 4.0 25.0 15.1 42.4 13.6
2014 826,025 100.0 4.0 24.8 13.8 42.6 14.9
2015 778,468 100.0 4.2 24.3 11.7 43.0 16.9
2016 706,755 100.0 4.3 23.9 10.2 42.9 18.7
2017 620,778 100.0 4.4 24.2 9.1 42.1 20.2
2018 537,388 100.0 4.4 24.8 8.9 40.1 21.9
  Workers
1992 487,164 100.0 10.7 22.9 28.4 29.6 8.4
1993 546,532 100.0 10.4 22.7 27.6 29.8 9.5
1994 578,664 100.0 10.2 21.5 25.9 28.8 13.6
1995 547,145 100.0 10.6 20.8 25.4 29.4 13.8
1996 542,493 100.0 10.2 19.6 24.7 30.6 14.8
1997 453,676 100.0 10.6 18.5 25.7 30.5 14.6
1998 426,158 100.0 10.8 18.3 27.8 30.8 12.3
1999 423,494 100.0 10.6 17.4 29.3 30.1 12.6
2000 434,363 100.0 10.4 16.8 29.3 29.7 13.9
2001 474,536 100.0 9.5 16.4 29.0 30.4 14.7
2002 554,996 100.0 8.8 16.8 29.2 30.6 14.7
2003 603,986 100.0 7.7 17.4 29.2 31.0 14.6
2004 648,622 100.0 7.0 18.2 28.5 30.8 15.4
2005 614,442 100.0 6.7 19.0 27.7 30.6 16.0
2006 620,571 100.0 6.5 19.5 27.4 30.6 16.0
2007 606,800 100.0 6.6 20.1 27.7 30.0 15.6
2008 625,607 100.0 6.1 21.1 27.4 30.3 15.1
2009 747,850 100.0 4.9 22.3 26.8 31.2 14.7
2010 822,899 100.0 4.3 23.2 26.1 31.2 15.2
2011 836,628 100.0 4.1 23.6 21.4 32.6 18.2
2012 829,017 100.0 4.0 24.5 17.0 38.4 16.1
2013 793,266 100.0 4.2 24.7 15.9 41.9 13.3
2014 775,867 100.0 4.1 24.5 14.4 42.3 14.7
2015 731,214 100.0 4.3 24.0 12.2 42.7 16.7
2016 663,998 100.0 4.5 23.6 10.6 42.7 18.6
2017 581,404 100.0 4.7 23.8 9.5 41.9 20.1
2018 499,625 100.0 4.6 24.2 9.3 40.0 21.9
  Widow(er)s
1999 9,735 100.0 5.6 29.0 31.8 22.7 10.8
2000 9,024 100.0 5.3 29.0 31.4 22.3 12.1
2001 8,751 100.0 4.7 27.6 31.2 22.8 13.7
2002 8,959 100.0 4.8 25.5 32.9 23.9 13.0
2003 9,577 100.0 4.2 25.7 33.1 23.7 13.3
2004 9,576 100.0 3.6 26.5 32.2 23.0 14.7
2005 9,279 100.0 3.6 26.7 32.0 22.8 15.0
2006 9,812 100.0 3.8 25.7 31.6 23.1 15.9
2007 9,003 100.0 3.6 27.3 31.3 21.9 15.9
2008 8,653 100.0 3.3 27.8 30.8 21.9 16.2
2009 8,986 100.0 2.8 28.8 30.2 22.2 16.0
2010 9,789 100.0 2.7 29.3 27.9 24.0 16.0
2011 9,896 100.0 2.9 28.2 27.0 24.9 17.1
2012 10,096 100.0 2.3 28.8 23.5 28.4 17.0
2013 10,201 100.0 2.4 28.6 22.2 32.4 14.4
2014 9,903 100.0 2.3 27.5 21.5 32.9 15.7
2015 9,088 100.0 2.3 26.3 20.6 33.4 17.4
2016 8,200 100.0 2.3 26.2 17.4 34.8 19.3
2017 7,331 100.0 2.2 26.1 17.6 33.0 21.1
2018 6,931 100.0 2.3 25.9 15.3 32.7 23.8
  Adult children
1999 16,822 100.0 3.1 22.7 0.7 53.3 20.2
2000 16,897 100.0 2.8 22.9 0.7 51.9 21.7
2001 17,127 100.0 2.5 21.3 0.9 52.9 22.3
2002 20,542 100.0 2.3 21.6 0.8 53.6 21.7
2003 23,206 100.0 2.0 21.8 0.7 53.6 21.9
2004 25,247 100.0 1.9 22.1 0.5 52.4 23.1
2005 25,413 100.0 1.8 21.3 0.4 52.8 23.8
2006 30,143 100.0 1.7 23.6 0.4 50.3 23.9
2007 33,922 100.0 1.6 24.0 0.3 49.9 24.2
2008 35,525 100.0 1.5 24.8 0.2 51.0 22.5
2009 43,356 100.0 1.2 23.4 0.1 53.5 21.8
2010 48,041 100.0 1.2 24.7 0.1 53.1 20.9
2011 47,357 100.0 1.0 26.2 0.0 52.6 20.1
2012 47,244 100.0 0.9 27.7 0.0 51.9 19.4
2013 43,957 100.0 0.9 28.2 0.0 52.2 18.8
2014 40,255 100.0 0.9 29.4 0.0 50.5 19.2
2015 38,166 100.0 0.8 30.0 0.0 49.4 19.8
2016 34,557 100.0 0.8 29.3 0.0 48.9 21.0
2017 32,043 100.0 0.8 30.9 0.0 47.1 21.1
2018 30,832 100.0 0.6 35.1 0.0 42.2 22.1
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data for the initial and reconsideration levels are current through June 2019. Data for the hearing level or above are current through July 2019.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the numbers and percentages will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or be subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
Data include decisions for Social Security–only applications and applications for both Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (SSI); they do not include SSI-only claims.
Data from 1992 through 1998 are available for disabled workers only.
a. Applicant has an impairment resulting from drug addiction or alcoholism, provided insufficient medical evidence, failed to cooperate, failed to follow prescribed treatment, did not want to continue development of the claim, or returned to substantial work before disability could be established. Also includes cases denied at or above the hearing level for which the basis of determination is not available.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.