SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2016

Children Under Age 18

Table 17. Recipients and average monthly payment, by SSA administrative region and state or other area, December 2016
Region and state or area Number Average monthly payment a (dollars)
All areas 1,213,079 649.58
Boston 42,668 631.49
Connecticut 8,464 643.58
Maine 3,996 626.79
Massachusetts 22,227 625.06
New Hampshire 2,310 608.14
Rhode Island 4,189 644.75
Vermont 1,482 670.87
New York 111,791 651.59
New Jersey 24,926 649.60
New York 86,865 652.16
Philadelphia 122,231 643.17
Delaware 3,444 628.02
District of Columbia 3,953 658.82
Maryland 19,046 632.09
Pennsylvania 65,105 651.40
Virginia 22,758 629.35
West Virginia 7,925 640.89
Atlanta 299,169 644.33
Alabama 23,966 647.25
Florida 101,512 643.25
Georgia 44,183 646.89
Kentucky 25,869 653.21
Mississippi 21,002 650.28
North Carolina 40,415 639.70
South Carolina 19,372 635.03
Tennessee 22,850 641.68
Chicago 179,355 649.26
Illinois 37,849 655.87
Indiana 23,270 647.43
Michigan 37,777 651.42
Minnesota 12,962 627.72
Ohio 45,434 652.27
Wisconsin 22,063 642.63
Dallas 222,214 644.31
Arkansas 26,398 655.12
Louisiana 33,354 656.41
New Mexico 8,500 650.84
Oklahoma 16,465 639.56
Texas 137,497 639.50
Kansas City 41,161 636.84
Iowa 7,748 630.42
Kansas 8,991 636.63
Missouri 20,547 642.34
Nebraska 3,875 620.89
Denver 21,068 613.90
Colorado 9,219 622.94
Montana 2,393 638.19
North Dakota 1,013 578.74
South Dakota 2,465 606.20
Utah 5,089 598.27
Wyoming 889 604.93
San Francisco 139,033 694.80
Arizona 18,341 652.93
California 108,487 706.94
Hawaii 1,420 620.81
Nevada 10,500 652.93
Northern Mariana Islands 285 686.27
Seattle 34,389 623.89
Alaska 1,197 592.89
Idaho 5,248 619.20
Oregon 10,717 628.28
Washington 17,227 624.71
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
a. Includes federally administered state supplementation payments.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 18. Percentage distribution of recipients, by monthly payment, December 2016
Payment (dollars) Percentage of total
Total  
Number 1,213,079
Percent 100.0
None a 0.1
Under 50 1.6
50–99 0.6
100–199 1.6
200–299 2.1
300–399 3.0
400–499 8.7
500–599 6.9
600–699 10.3
700–732 3.4
733 61.8
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
a. Persons receiving only a federally administered state supplementary payment on December 1, 2016.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 19. Recipients, by selected characteristics, December 2016
Characteristic Number Percentage of total
Total 1,213,079 100.0
Age  
Under 1 year 16,435 1.4
1 26,481 2.2
2 30,535 2.5
3 40,139 3.3
4 49,884 4.1
5 57,069 4.7
6 64,744 5.3
7 72,639 6.0
8 79,176 6.5
9 83,583 6.9
10 86,105 7.1
11 85,820 7.1
12 86,960 7.2
13 87,446 7.2
14 87,288 7.2
15 88,186 7.3
16 87,164 7.2
17 83,425 6.9
Sex  
Male 814,191 67.1
Female 398,888 32.9
Citizenship status  
Citizen 1,209,968 99.7
Noncitizen 3,111 0.3
Living arrangements  
Own household 159,119 13.1
Another's household 39,490 3.3
Parent's household 1,001,322 82.5
Medicaid institution 12,994 1.1
Unknown 154 (L)
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
NOTE: (L) = less than 0.05 percent.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 20. Recipients, by diagnostic group and age, December 2016
Diagnostic group All ages Under 3 3–5 6–12 13–17
  Number
All recipients under age 18 1,213,079 73,451 147,092 559,027 433,509
Congenital anomalies 66,646 12,993 14,029 26,349 13,275
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 9,114 593 1,862 4,264 2,395
Infectious and parasitic diseases 699 28 71 302 298
Injuries 5,800 495 940 2,570 1,795
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders 174,866 1,782 26,682 96,311 50,091
Developmental disorders 239,215 4,686 43,040 124,954 66,535
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified 233,490 46 3,849 117,581 112,014
Intellectual disability 117,646 472 4,376 46,979 65,819
Mood disorders 38,412 6 238 11,338 26,830
Organic mental disorders 27,211 803 4,229 13,024 9,155
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 3,058 0 11 747 2,300
Other mental disorders 31,318 56 747 13,094 17,421
Neoplasms 10,886 777 2,316 4,955 2,838
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 11,557 395 1,610 5,726 3,826
Circulatory system 4,405 627 836 1,699 1,243
Digestive system 15,408 5,123 4,771 3,927 1,587
Genitourinary system 2,945 226 425 1,230 1,064
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 9,456 783 1,618 3,840 3,215
Nervous system and sense organs 95,835 5,590 15,117 45,594 29,534
Respiratory system 24,437 1,889 4,665 11,130 6,753
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 2,309 131 377 1,195 606
Other 74,818 34,807 13,397 16,104 10,510
Unknown 13,548 1,143 1,886 6,114 4,405
  Percent
All recipients under age 18 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Congenital anomalies 5.5 17.7 9.5 4.7 3.1
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 0.8 0.8 1.3 0.8 0.6
Infectious and parasitic diseases 0.1 (L) (L) 0.1 0.1
Injuries 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders 14.4 2.4 18.1 17.2 11.6
Developmental disorders 19.7 6.4 29.3 22.4 15.3
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified 19.2 0.1 2.6 21.0 25.8
Intellectual disability 9.7 0.6 3.0 8.4 15.2
Mood disorders 3.2 (L) 0.2 2.0 6.2
Organic mental disorders 2.2 1.1 2.9 2.3 2.1
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 0.3 0.0 (L) 0.1 0.5
Other mental disorders 2.6 0.1 0.5 2.3 4.0
Neoplasms 0.9 1.1 1.6 0.9 0.7
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 1.0 0.5 1.1 1.0 0.9
Circulatory system 0.4 0.9 0.6 0.3 0.3
Digestive system 1.3 7.0 3.2 0.7 0.4
Genitourinary system 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 0.8 1.1 1.1 0.7 0.7
Nervous system and sense organs 7.9 7.6 10.3 8.2 6.8
Respiratory system 2.0 2.6 3.2 2.0 1.6
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.1
Other 6.2 47.4 9.1 2.9 2.4
Unknown 1.1 1.6 1.3 1.1 1.0
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
NOTE: (L) = less than 0.05 percent.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 21. Recipients, by diagnostic group and sex, December 2016
Diagnostic group Total Male Female
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
All recipients under age 18 1,213,079 100.0 814,191 100.0 398,888 100.0
Congenital anomalies 66,646 5.5 35,835 4.4 30,811 7.7
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 9,114 0.8 4,718 0.6 4,396 1.1
Infectious and parasitic diseases 699 0.1 369 0.0 330 0.1
Injuries 5,800 0.5 3,342 0.4 2,458 0.6
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders 174,866 14.4 141,655 17.4 33,211 8.3
Developmental disorders 239,215 19.7 165,051 20.3 74,164 18.6
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified 233,490 19.2 181,065 22.2 52,425 13.1
Intellectual disability 117,646 9.7 72,797 8.9 44,849 11.2
Mood disorders 38,412 3.2 22,675 2.8 15,737 3.9
Organic mental disorders 27,211 2.2 17,882 2.2 9,329 2.3
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 3,058 0.3 1,783 0.2 1,275 0.3
Other mental disorders 31,318 2.6 19,203 2.4 12,115 3.0
Neoplasms 10,886 0.9 6,052 0.7 4,834 1.2
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 11,557 1.0 6,510 0.8 5,047 1.3
Circulatory system 4,405 0.4 2,350 0.3 2,055 0.5
Digestive system 15,408 1.3 8,393 1.0 7,015 1.8
Genitourinary system 2,945 0.2 1,744 0.2 1,201 0.3
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 9,456 0.8 4,615 0.6 4,841 1.2
Nervous system and sense organs 95,835 7.9 52,756 6.5 43,079 10.8
Respiratory system 24,437 2.0 15,145 1.9 9,292 2.3
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 2,309 0.2 1,164 0.1 1,145 0.3
Other 74,818 6.2 40,743 5.0 34,075 8.5
Unknown 13,548 1.1 8,344 1.0 5,204 1.3
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 22. Adult recipients who first became eligible for SSI before age 18, by year of first eligibility and age in December 2016
Year of first eligibility All ages Age in December 2016
18–21 22–25 26–29 30–39 40–49 50 or older a
Total  
Number 1,111,517 249,970 209,633 181,572 294,765 115,094 60,483
Percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
1974–1976 4.7 . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.3 59.2
1977–1980 4.9 . . . . . . . . . 2.2 24.3 33.2
1981–1984 4.7 . . . . . . . . . 8.6 19.5 7.6
1985–1989 8.1 . . . . . . 4.8 19.1 21.9 . . .
1990–1994 24.4 (L) 19.4 40.0 45.9 20.0 . . .
1995–1999 20.6 23.3 32.2 26.7 18.4 . . . . . .
2000–2004 16.7 31.0 25.6 20.9 5.6 . . . . . .
2005–2009 10.4 25.4 18.1 7.6 . . . . . . . . .
2010–2016 5.4 20.3 4.7 . . . . . . . . . . . .
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
NOTES: . . . = not applicable; (L) = less than 0.05 percent.
a. Those under age 18 in 1974 would be no older than 60 in 2016.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 23. Recipients and average monthly amount of child's income, by type of income, December 2016
Type of income Number Percent Average monthly amount (dollars)
Total 1,213,079 100.0 . . .
No earned or unearned income a 882,095 72.7 . . .
With income b 330,984 27.3 260
Earned income only 1,859 0.2 577
Unearned income only 328,215 27.1 236
Both earned and unearned income 910 0.1 684
With unearned income c 329,125 27.1 236
Social Security benefits 85,398 7.0 230
Veterans' benefits 8,054 0.7 69
Income based on need 17,957 1.5 227
Support from absent parents 173,479 14.3 228
Support and maintenance 69,134 5.7 172
Asset income 559 0.0 12
Other 5,973 0.5 307
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
NOTE: . . . = not applicable.
a. The percentage of children receiving the full federal benefit rate, as shown in Table 18, is smaller than the percentage of those with no income, as shown here, because of the effect of parental deemed income in the payment computation.
b. Does not include income deemed from parents in the household.
c. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some recipients may receive more than one type of unearned income.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 24. Recipients, by number of parents in the household, December 2016
Parents in household Number Percentage of total
Total 1,213,079 100.0
No parents a 150,885 12.4
One parent 819,603 67.6
Two parents 242,591 20.0
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
NOTE: The total of children with one or two parents in the household differs slightly from the number of children living in a parent's household in Table 19. This is because the data in Table 19 represent only households in which a parent is the head of the household, whereas the data in this table include children living with parents who are not the head of the household.
a. Children with no parents in the household reside independently, with other relatives or nonrelatives, or in institutions or in foster care. Deeming does not apply in these situations.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 25. Recipients with one parent in the household, by type and monthly amount of parental income, December 2016
Parental income All children living with one parent Children living with—
Mother only Father only
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
Total 819,603 100.0 765,551 100.0 54,052 100.0
No parental income 383,419 46.8 361,116 47.2 22,303 41.3
Parental income a 436,184 53.2 404,435 52.8 31,749 58.7
Earned income 315,538 38.5 293,229 38.3 22,309 41.3
Unearned income 139,697 17.0 129,261 16.9 10,436 19.3
Total income (dollars)  
None 383,419 46.8 361,116 47.2 22,303 41.3
Under 200 41,188 5.0 39,503 5.2 1,685 3.1
200–399 30,173 3.7 28,374 3.7 1,799 3.3
400–599 32,428 4.0 30,363 4.0 2,065 3.8
600–999 90,308 11.0 84,395 11.0 5,913 10.9
1,000 or more 242,087 29.5 221,800 29.0 20,287 37.5
Earned income (dollars)  
None 504,065 61.5 472,322 61.7 31,743 58.7
Under 200 6,176 0.8 5,794 0.8 382 0.7
200–399 10,906 1.3 10,371 1.4 535 1.0
400–599 18,173 2.2 17,346 2.3 827 1.5
600–999 53,652 6.5 51,294 6.7 2,358 4.4
1,000 or more 226,631 27.7 208,424 27.2 18,207 33.7
Unearned income (dollars)  
None 679,906 83.0 636,290 83.1 43,616 80.7
Under 200 44,646 5.4 42,970 5.6 1,676 3.1
200–399 24,222 3.0 22,711 3.0 1,511 2.8
400–599 17,254 2.1 15,843 2.1 1,411 2.6
600–999 41,417 5.1 37,570 4.9 3,847 7.1
1,000 or more 12,158 1.5 10,167 1.3 1,991 3.7
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
a. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some parents may receive both earned and unearned income.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 26. Recipients with two parents in the household, by type and monthly amount of parental income, December 2016
Parental income All children living with two parents Mother Father
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
Total 242,591 100.0 242,591 100.0 242,591 100.0
No parental income 45,915 18.9 154,314 63.6 84,013 34.6
Parental income a 196,676 81.1 88,277 36.4 158,578 65.4
Earned income 167,429 69.0 66,389 27.4 131,290 54.1
Unearned income 45,358 18.7 24,733 10.2 32,080 13.2
Total income (dollars)  
None 45,915 18.9 154,314 63.6 84,013 34.6
Under 200 4,576 1.9 10,735 4.4 5,634 2.3
200–399 5,438 2.2 6,397 2.6 4,541 1.9
400–599 6,183 2.5 6,901 2.8 6,108 2.5
600–999 19,972 8.2 17,470 7.2 19,640 8.1
1,000 or more 160,507 66.2 46,774 19.3 122,655 50.6
Earned income (dollars)  
None 75,162 31.0 176,202 72.6 111,301 45.9
Under 200 1,544 0.6 2,412 1.0 1,550 0.6
200–399 2,363 1.0 3,295 1.4 2,151 0.9
400–599 3,782 1.6 4,531 1.9 3,496 1.4
600–999 12,110 5.0 11,793 4.9 10,163 4.2
1,000 or more 147,630 60.9 44,358 18.3 113,930 47.0
Unearned income (dollars)  
None 197,233 81.3 217,858 89.8 210,511 86.8
Under 200 6,115 2.5 10,021 4.1 5,850 2.4
200–399 6,139 2.5 3,656 1.5 3,289 1.4
400–599 5,313 2.2 2,704 1.1 3,506 1.4
600–999 15,299 6.3 6,345 2.6 10,883 4.5
1,000 or more 12,492 5.1 2,007 0.8 8,552 3.5
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
a. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some parents may receive both earned and unearned income.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 27. Recipients with one or more parents who have income and average monthly amount of parental income, by type of income, December 2016
Type of income All children with parental income Children with parental income from—
Mother Father
Number Average monthly amount (dollars) Number Average monthly amount (dollars) Number Average monthly amount (dollars)
Total a 632,860 1,477 492,712 1,190 190,327 1,827
Earned income 482,967 1,723 359,618 1,429 153,599 2,062
Unearned income b 185,055 577 153,994 471 42,516 728
Social Security benefits 89,032 749 69,449 672 24,684 805
Other pensions 8,215 510 5,856 318 3,549 649
Public income-maintenance 56,075 155 52,549 158 7,439 175
Asset income 2,423 269 1,681 220 808 377
Other 35,628 616 28,504 539 7,442 962
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
a. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some parents may receive more than one type of earned or unearned income or both earned and unearned income.
b. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some parents may receive more than one type of unearned income.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 28. Recipients subject to deeming, by factors affecting parental deemed income, December 2016
Deeming factors All children living with parent(s) Children living with—
One parent Two parents
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
Total 1,062,194 100.0 819,603 77.2 242,591 22.8
  No deemed income used in child's payment computation
Subtotal 893,419 100.0 709,761 100.0 183,658 100.0
No parental income 429,334 48.1 383,419 54.0 45,915 25.0
Parent(s) receive public income-maintenance payments 56,075 6.3 47,699 6.7 8,376 4.6
Income less than deeming allocations a 43,836 4.9 34,029 4.8 9,807 5.3
Income less than exclusions b 364,174 40.8 244,614 34.5 119,560 65.1
  Deemed income used in child's payment computation
Subtotal 168,775 100.0 109,842 100.0 58,933 100.0
Parent(s) with—  
Earned income only 128,089 75.9 80,404 73.2 47,685 80.9
Unearned income only 26,197 15.5 21,970 20.0 4,227 7.2
Both earned and unearned income 11,713 6.9 5,018 4.6 6,695 11.4
Manually computed deemed income 2,776 1.6 2,450 2.2 326 0.6
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
a. Includes allocations for ineligible children and SSI-eligible aliens sponsored by parents.
b. Includes the general income exclusion ($20), the earned income exclusion ($65 plus one-half of the remaining earned income), and the parental living allowance.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.