Highlights and Trends
Social Security (OASDI)
Employment and Earnings
|Workers in OASDI covered employment, 2005||159.7 million|
|Average earnings, 2005||$35,337|
|Earnings required in 2006 for—|
|1 quarter of coverage||$970|
|Maximum of 4 quarters of coverage||$3,880|
|Earnings test exempt amounts for 2006|
|Under full retirement age for entire year||$12,480|
|For months before reaching full retirement age in 2006||$33,240|
|Beginning with month of reaching full retirement age in 2006||Test eliminated|
|Cost-of-living adjustment for December 2005||4.1 percent|
|Average monthly benefit, December 2005|
|Widows and widowers, nondisabled||$967|
|Number of beneficiaries, December 2005|
|Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance||48.4 million|
|Retired workers||30.5 million|
|Widows and widowers, nondisabled||4.4 million|
|Disabled workers||6.5 million|
|Benefit payments, 2005|
|Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance||$520.7 billion|
|Old-Age and Survivors Insurance||$435.4 billion|
|Disability Insurance||$85.4 billion|
|Administrative expenses, 2005|
|Old-Age and Survivors Insurance|
|As a percentage of total benefits paid||0.7 percent|
|As a percentage of total benefits paid||2.7 percent|
- About 48.4 million persons received Social Security benefits for December 2005, an increase of 738,500 (1.5 percent) since December 2004. Sixty-nine percent were retired workers and their spouses and children, 14 percent were survivors of deceased workers, and 17 percent were disabled workers and their spouses and children.
- Seventy-three percent of the 30.5 million retired workers received reduced benefits because of entitlement prior to full retirement age. Relatively more women (75 percent) than men (70 percent) received reduced benefits.
- The number of beneficiaries aged 65 or older rose from 32.7 million in 2000 to 34.0 million in 2005 (4 percent). Beneficiaries aged 85 or older increased at a greater rate during the 5-year period (11.3 percent) from 4,034,000 in 2000 to 4,490,000 in 2005. In 2005, 42,700 centenarians were receiving Social Security.
- More than 19 million women aged 65 or older received benefits for December 2005. About 7.7 million (39.2 percent) were entitled solely to a retired-worker benefit, and 5.8 million (29.6 percent) were dually entitled to a retired-worker benefit and a wife's or widow's benefit. About 6.1 million (31.2 percent) were receiving wife's or widow's benefits only.
- More than 3 million children under age 18 received benefits, including 1,331,500 children of deceased workers, 1,516,300 children of disabled workers, and 281,600 children of retired workers.
- About 7.5 million persons received benefits based on disability—6,519,000 disabled workers, 768,500 disabled adult children, and 213,000 disabled widows and widowers. In addition, 153,800 spouses and 1,564,300 minor and student children of disabled workers received benefits.
- Average monthly benefits for December 2005, including the 4.1 percent cost-of-living adjustment, were $1,002 for retired workers, $938 for disabled workers, and $967 for nondisabled widows and widowers. Among retired workers, benefits averaged $1,130 for men and $867 for women. For disabled workers, average benefits were $1,050 for men and $806 for women.
- Average monthly family benefits for December 2005 were $1,826 for a widowed mother or father and children; $1,587 for a disabled worker, wife, and children; and $2,017 for a retired worker, wife, and children.
- Total OASDI benefit payments for calendar year 2005 were $520.7 billion. Payments from the OASI trust fund were $435.4 billion—an increase of 4.9 percent from the $415 billion paid in 2004.
- Benefit payments from the DI trust fund, from which benefits are paid to disabled workers, their spouses, and children, increased by 9.1 percent from $78.2 billion in 2004 to $85.4 billion in 2005.
- OASDI benefit awards in calendar year 2005 totaled 4,672,200, including 2,000,200 to retired workers, 452,700 to their spouses and children and 870,100 to survivors of insured workers. Benefits were awarded to 829,700 disabled workers and to 519,500 of their spouses and children.
Supplemental Security Income
Annual Payment Adjustments
|Monthly federal benefit rate, effective January 2006|
|Individual living in his or her own household||$603|
|Couple with both members eligible||$904|
|Cost-of-living adjustment||4.1 percent|
|Benefits paid in 2005||$38.1 billion|
|Number of recipients, December 2005||7.3 million|
|Average benefit, December 2005||$439.78|
|Federally administered payments|
|Benefits paid in 2005||$37.2 billion|
|Number of recipients, December 2005||7.1 million|
|Average benefit, December 2005||$439.09|
|Federal SSI payments|
|Benefits paid in 2005||$33.1 billion|
|Number of recipients, December 2005||6.8 million|
|Average benefit, December 2005||$406.50|
|Federally administered state supplementation|
|Benefits paid in 2005||$4.2 billion|
|Number of recipients, December 2005||2.2 million a|
|Average benefit, December 2005||$156.30|
|Benefits paid in 2005||$0.9 billion|
|Number of recipients, December 2005||0.6 million b|
|Average benefit, December 2005||$126.53|
a. Includes 1.9 million persons receiving federal SSI and state supplementation and 0.3 million persons receiving state supplementation only.
b. Includes 147,669 persons receiving state supplementation only.
- In December 2005, 7,113,879 persons received federally administered SSI payments—126,000 more than the previous year. Of the total, 1,994,511 (28.0 percent) were aged 65 or older; 4,082,870 (57.4 percent) were blind or disabled aged 18–64; and 1,036,498 (14.6 percent) were blind or disabled under age 18.
- The number of blind or disabled aged 18–64 rose by 65,800 (1.6 percent) between December 2004 and December 2005, and the number under age 18 increased by 43,400 (4.4 percent).
- During 2005, 845,760 persons were awarded federally administered payments, a decrease of 10,440 from the previous year. Of the 2005 awards, 556,280 went to blind or disabled recipients aged 18–64, 176,870 to those blind or disabled under age 18, and 112,610 to recipients aged 65 or older.
- Total SSI payments were $37.2 billion in 2005, up 3.2 percent from 2004. Federal SSI payments in 2005 were $33.1 billion (an increase of 3.7 percent over the previous year). Federally administered state supplementation totaled $4.2 billion.
|Total benefits paid in calendar year 2005|
|Hospital Insurance (Part A)||$180.0 billion|
|Supplementary Medical Insurance (Part B)||$150.3 billion|
|Number of enrollees in July 2005 (one or both of Parts A and B)||42.5 million|
|Administrative costs, 2005|
|As a percentage of total benefits paid||1.6 percent|
|Supplementary Medical Insurance|
|As a percentage of total benefits paid||2.1 percent|
|Medical service expenditures in fiscal year 2003||$233.2 billion|
|Number of unduplicated recipients, fiscal year 2003||52.0 million|
|Average 2003 vendor payment per unduplicated recipient|
|Persons aged 65 or older||$13,677|
|Permanently and totally disabled persons||$13,303|
|Dependent children under age 21||$1,462|
|Average 2003 vendor payment for medical services|
|Nursing facility services||$23,882|
|Inpatient general hospital care||$6,047|
Other Social Insurance Programs and Veterans' Benefits
|Total payments, 2005||$31.2 billion|
|Weekly benefit amount (regular programs)||$266.60|
|Duration of benefits||15.3 weeks|
|Weekly insured unemployment||2.7 million|
|Covered employment||129.9 million|
|Benefit payments, 2004||$56.0 billion|
|Compensation payments||$29.9 billion|
|Medical and hospitalization||$26.1 billion|
|Benefits paid by—|
|Private insurance carriers||$28.3 billion|
|State and federal funds||$14.3 billion|
|Employers' self-insurance||$13.3 billion|
|Covered workers per month||125.9 million|
|Costs as a percentage of covered payroll||1.76 percent|
Temporary Disability Insurance
|Average weekly benefit, 2003|
NOTE: Programs in effect in California, Hawaii, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island, Puerto Rico, and the railroad industry.
Black Lung Benefits
|Basic benefit to miner or widow||$562.00|
|Maximum family benefit||$1,125.00|
|Part B (claims filed before July 1, 1973)|
|Number of monthly benefits to miners, widows, and dependents, December 2004||52,362|
|Total benefits paid, calendar year 2004||$376.4 million|
|Part C (claims filed July 1, 1973, or later)|
|Total benefits paid, fiscal year 2004|
|Disability and survivors benefits||$293.1 million|
|Medical benefits||$54 million|
|Number of veterans with disability compensation or pension, 2006|
|Monthly payment in 2007 for—|
|10 percent disability||$115|
|Non-service-connected disability (maximum payment)|
|With one dependent and in need of aid and attendance||$1,801|
|Weighted average poverty thresholds, 2005|
|Individual, aged 65 or older||$9,367|
|Couple, householder aged 65 or older||$11,815|
|Family of four||$19,971|
|Percentage of population with income below poverty level, 2004|
|All ages||12.7 percent|
|Children under the age of 18 living in families||17.3 percent|
|Persons aged 65 or older||9.8 percent|