Annual Statistical Supplement, 2019

Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance

Covered Workers

Table 4.B1 Number of workers with taxable earnings, amount of earnings, and Social Security numbers issued, selected years 1937–2018
Year Number a (thousands) Earnings Social Security numbers issued e (thousands)
Total With maximum earnings b New entrants into covered employment c Total in covered employment d (millions of dollars) Reported taxable a Average per worker (dollars)
Amount (millions of dollars) Percentage of total Total earnings d Reported taxable
1937 32,900 1,031 32,900 32,200 29,620 92.0 979 900 37,139
1940 35,390 1,196 4,430 35,700 32,970 92.4 1,009 932 5,227
1945 46,390 6,361 3,480 71,600 62,950 87.9 1,543 1,357 3,321
1950 48,280 13,936 2,520 109,800 87,500 79.7 2,274 1,812 2,891
1951 58,120 14,270 6,000 148,900 120,770 81.1 2,562 2,078 4,927
1952 59,580 16,606 3,500 159,900 128,640 80.5 2,684 2,159 4,363
1953 60,840 19,013 3,090 173,000 135,870 78.5 2,844 2,233 3,464
1954 59,610 18,866 2,360 171,900 133,520 77.7 2,884 2,240 2,743
1955 65,200 16,704 4,760 196,100 157,540 80.3 3,008 2,416 4,323
1956 67,610 19,236 3,660 216,800 170,720 78.8 3,207 2,525 4,376
1957 70,590 21,095 3,380 233,900 181,380 77.5 3,314 2,569 3,639
1958 69,770 21,328 2,450 236,500 180,720 76.4 3,390 2,590 2,290
1959 71,700 19,112 3,180 255,000 202,310 79.3 3,556 2,822 3,388
1960 72,530 20,310 3,130 265,200 207,000 78.1 3,656 2,854 3,415
1961 72,820 21,265 2,990 270,700 209,640 77.4 3,717 2,879 3,370
1962 74,280 23,154 3,360 289,000 219,050 75.8 3,891 2,949 4,519
1963 75,540 24,570 3,520 302,300 225,550 74.6 4,002 2,986 8,617
1964 77,430 26,717 3,890 324,500 236,390 72.8 4,191 3,053 5,623
1965 80,680 29,136 4,620 351,700 250,730 71.3 4,359 3,108 6,131
1966 84,600 20,498 5,080 390,700 312,540 80.0 4,618 3,694 6,506
1967 87,040 22,948 4,530 422,300 329,960 78.1 4,852 3,791 5,920
1968 89,380 19,120 4,830 460,000 375,840 81.7 5,147 4,205 5,862
1969 92,060 22,577 5,160 502,800 402,550 80.1 5,462 4,373 6,289
1970 93,090 24,224 4,440 531,600 415,600 78.2 5,711 4,464 6,132
1971 93,340 26,404 4,470 559,700 426,960 76.3 5,996 4,574 6,401
1972 96,240 24,074 5,150 617,900 484,110 78.3 6,420 5,030 9,564
1973 99,830 20,250 5,670 686,700 561,850 81.8 6,879 5,628 10,038
1974 101,330 15,310 4,940 746,700 636,760 85.3 7,369 6,284 7,998
1975 100,200 15,070 4,120 787,600 664,660 84.4 7,860 6,633 8,164
1976 102,600 15,330 4,700 874,700 737,700 84.3 8,525 7,190 9,043
1977 105,800 15,700 5,070 960,100 816,550 85.0 9,075 7,718 7,724
1978 110,600 17,050 5,460 1,092,600 915,600 83.8 9,879 8,278 5,260
1979 112,700 11,236 4,883 1,222,200 1,067,000 87.3 10,845 9,468 5,213
1980 113,000 9,903 4,243 1,328,800 1,180,700 88.9 11,759 10,449 5,984
1981 113,000 8,594 4,090 1,450,900 1,294,100 89.2 12,840 11,452 5,581
1982 111,800 7,929 3,408 1,516,600 1,365,300 90.0 13,565 12,212 5,362
1983 112,100 7,044 3,914 1,615,200 1,454,100 90.0 14,409 12,971 6,699
1984 116,300 7,421 4,743 1,800,800 1,608,800 89.3 15,484 13,833 5,980
1985 119,800 7,766 4,756 1,936,800 1,722,600 88.9 16,167 14,379 5,720
1986 122,900 7,624 4,641 2,081,800 1,844,400 88.6 16,939 15,007 5,711
1987 125,600 7,735 4,956 2,237,000 1,960,000 87.6 17,811 15,605 11,621
1988 129,600 8,483 5,489 2,432,800 2,088,400 85.8 18,772 16,114 11,370
1989 131,700 8,110 4,856 2,578,700 2,239,500 86.8 19,580 17,005 8,049
1990 133,600 7,575 4,012 2,703,800 2,358,000 87.2 20,238 17,650 9,054
1991 133,000 7,483 3,541 2,760,500 2,422,500 87.8 20,756 18,214 7,509
1992 134,000 7,667 3,918 2,917,800 2,532,900 86.8 21,775 18,902 6,819
1993 136,100 7,617 4,204 3,022,900 2,636,100 87.2 22,211 19,369 5,893
1994 138,200 7,518 4,591 3,197,000 2,785,200 87.1 23,133 20,153 5,816
1995 141,000 8,191 4,621 3,401,800 2,919,100 85.8 24,126 20,703 5,465
1996 143,400 8,682 4,620 3,587,600 3,073,500 85.7 25,018 21,433 5,533
1997 146,145 9,022 4,710 3,858,721 3,285,000 85.1 26,403 22,478 5,413
1998 148,786 9,372 4,904 4,172,641 3,524,900 84.5 28,045 23,691 5,288
1999 151,333 9,209 4,966 4,467,110 3,749,600 83.9 29,518 24,777 5,306
2000 154,732 9,556 5,014 4,819,870 4,008,500 83.2 31,150 25,906 5,476
2001 155,416 9,213 4,425 4,919,536 4,167,900 84.7 31,654 26,818 5,883
2002 154,893 8,416 4,279 4,938,294 4,250,100 86.1 31,882 27,439 5,699
2003 154,576 8,494 4,190 5,068,917 4,355,000 85.9 32,792 28,174 5,372
2004 156,405 9,225 4,641 5,370,545 4,554,500 84.8 34,337 29,120 6,065
2005 158,511 9,652 4,983 5,668,730 4,766,000 84.1 35,762 30,067 5,280
2006 161,052 9,741 5,162 6,049,719 5,043,400 83.4 37,564 31,315 5,662
2007 162,928 10,009 4,994 6,381,306 5,268,200 82.6 39,166 32,335 5,906
2008 162,532 9,764 4,335 6,496,180 5,432,800 83.6 39,969 33,426 5,785
2009 157,940 8,609 3,509 6,184,514 5,271,200 85.2 39,157 33,375 5,548
2010 157,329 8,980 4,164 6,311,979 5,307,100 84.1 40,120 33,732 5,442
2011 158,674 9,826 4,582 6,563,208 5,485,500 83.6 41,363 34,571 5,354
2012 160,775 9,851 4,957 6,894,364 5,706,500 82.8 42,882 35,494 5,490
2013 163,236 9,770 5,359 7,065,934 5,908,600 83.6 43,287 36,197 5,762
2014 165,429 9,930 5,480 7,431,846 6,178,700 83.1 44,925 37,350 5,652
2015 f 168,276 10,515 5,763 7,810,934 6,478,200 82.9 46,417 38,497 5,844
2016 f 170,964 11,025 5,774 8,019,198 6,662,400 83.1 46,906 38,970 5,945
2017 g 173,010 10,184 5,728 8,376,700 6,997,734 83.5 48,417 40,447 5,776
2018 h 175,999 -- -- 8,775,938 7,290,801 83.1 49,864 41,425 5,566
SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Master Earnings File, 1 percent sample; Bureau of Economic Analysis; and Bureau of Labor Statistics.
NOTE: -- = not available.
a. Relates to wage and salary workers from 1937 to 1950. Beginning in 1951, includes self-employment. Reported taxable earnings include Social Security taxable wages as reported by employers and Social Security taxable self-employment income as reported by self-employed workers. See Table 2.A3 for annual maximum taxable earnings.
b. Subject to revision.
c. Workers reported with first taxable earnings under program in specified year. From 1937 to 2017, 387.4 million different persons reported with taxable earnings.
d. Total wages, including estimated amounts above taxable limit, from 1937 to 1950. Beginning in 1951, also includes reported total net earnings of self-employed workers.
e. Excludes railroad account numbers. Since program began, 504.5 million Social Security numbers have been issued. Some individuals have been issued more than one number.
f. Preliminary data.
g. Taxable earnings are preliminary estimates based on Social Security data; employment data are preliminary estimates based on data from Bureau of Labor Statistics.
h. Preliminary estimates based on data from Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Bureau of Economic Analysis.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 4.B2 Number with taxable earnings and amount of earnings, by type of earnings, 1951–2018
Year Number a (thousands) Wage and salary Self-employed
Total in covered employment b (millions of dollars) Reported taxable Average per worker (dollars) Total in covered employment d (millions of dollars) Reported taxable Average per worker (dollars)
Wage and salary Self- employed Amount c (millions of dollars) Percent- age of total wages Total wages b Reported taxable c Amount c (millions of dollars) Percentage of total self- employment Total earnings d Reported taxable c
1951 54,630 4,190 132,500 111,250 84.0 2,425 2,036 16,400 9,520 58.0 3,914 2,272
1952 56,060 4,240 143,500 118,880 82.8 2,560 2,121 16,400 9,760 59.5 3,868 2,302
1953 57,220 4,340 156,000 125,840 80.7 2,726 2,199 17,000 10,030 59.0 3,917 2,311
1954 55,940 4,350 155,100 123,410 79.6 2,773 2,206 16,800 10,110 60.2 3,862 2,324
1955 59,560 6,810 171,600 141,810 82.6 2,881 2,381 24,500 15,730 64.2 3,598 2,310
1956 61,560 7,390 188,500 153,010 81.2 3,062 2,486 28,300 17,710 62.6 3,829 2,396
1957 64,730 7,150 205,500 163,990 79.8 3,175 2,533 28,400 17,390 61.2 3,972 2,432
1958 64,040 7,130 208,000 163,140 78.4 3,248 2,547 28,500 17,580 61.7 3,997 2,466
1959 66,000 7,060 225,100 183,620 81.6 3,411 2,782 29,900 18,690 62.5 4,235 2,647
1960 66,980 6,870 236,000 188,580 79.9 3,523 2,815 29,200 18,420 63.1 4,250 2,681
1961 67,360 6,790 240,700 190,850 79.3 3,573 2,833 30,000 18,790 62.6 4,418 2,767
1962 68,890 6,720 257,700 200,130 77.7 3,741 2,905 31,300 18,920 60.4 4,658 2,815
1963 70,310 6,590 270,600 206,840 76.4 3,849 2,942 31,700 18,710 59.0 4,810 2,839
1964 72,230 6,480 290,900 217,430 74.7 4,027 3,010 33,600 18,960 56.4 5,185 2,926
1965 75,430 6,550 311,400 230,830 74.1 4,128 3,060 40,300 19,900 49.4 6,153 3,038
1966 79,460 6,630 346,700 287,860 83.0 4,363 3,623 44,000 24,680 56.1 6,637 3,722
1967 82,020 6,470 377,500 305,670 81.0 4,603 3,727 44,800 24,290 54.2 6,924 3,754
1968 84,470 6,570 413,600 348,500 84.3 4,896 4,126 46,400 27,340 58.9 7,062 4,161
1969 87,200 6,350 455,700 375,010 82.3 5,226 4,301 47,100 27,540 58.5 7,417 4,337
1970 88,180 6,270 483,600 388,680 80.4 5,484 4,408 48,000 26,920 56.1 7,656 4,293
1971 88,460 6,290 509,000 399,550 78.5 5,754 4,517 50,700 27,410 54.1 8,060 4,358
1972 91,220 6,600 563,300 452,050 80.3 6,175 4,956 54,600 32,060 58.7 8,273 4,858
1973 94,610 7,100 624,400 523,450 83.8 6,600 5,533 62,300 38,400 61.6 8,775 5,408
1974 96,190 7,040 681,600 594,400 87.2 7,086 6,179 65,200 42,360 65.0 9,261 6,017
1975 94,900 7,000 717,200 621,100 86.6 7,557 6,545 70,400 43,560 61.9 10,057 6,223
1976 97,230 7,400 797,200 689,200 86.4 8,199 7,088 76,800 48,500 63.2 10,378 6,554
1977 100,450 7,480 879,500 763,600 86.8 8,935 7,602 80,600 52,950 65.7 10,775 7,079
1978 104,810 8,040 998,900 856,100 85.7 9,531 8,168 93,700 59,500 63.5 11,654 7,400
1979 106,900 8,200 1,122,000 997,500 88.9 10,496 9,331 100,200 69,500 69.4 12,220 8,476
1980 107,200 8,200 1,231,000 1,109,000 90.1 11,483 10,345 97,800 71,700 73.3 11,927 8,744
1981 107,300 8,250 1,352,000 1,220,000 90.2 12,600 11,370 98,900 74,100 74.9 11,988 8,982
1982 105,800 8,550 1,418,000 1,290,000 91.0 13,403 12,193 98,600 75,300 76.4 11,532 8,807
1983 105,900 9,200 1,502,000 1,369,000 91.1 14,183 12,927 113,200 85,100 75.2 12,304 9,250
1984 109,900 9,900 1,671,500 1,515,000 90.6 15,209 13,785 129,300 93,800 72.5 13,061 9,475
1985 113,100 10,600 1,794,500 1,621,000 90.3 15,866 14,332 142,300 101,600 71.4 13,425 9,585
1986 115,900 11,200 1,921,000 1,730,800 90.1 16,575 14,934 160,800 113,600 70.6 14,357 10,143
1987 118,200 12,000 2,057,100 1,835,100 89.2 17,404 15,525 179,900 124,900 69.4 14,992 10,408
1988 122,100 12,400 2,224,700 1,952,000 87.7 18,220 15,987 208,100 136,400 65.5 16,782 11,000
1989 123,900 12,900 2,367,800 2,096,000 88.5 19,111 16,917 210,900 143,500 68.0 16,349 11,124
1990 126,100 12,500 2,510,000 2,222,000 88.5 19,905 17,621 193,800 136,000 70.2 15,504 10,880
1991 125,200 12,800 2,565,000 2,283,000 89.0 20,487 18,235 195,500 139,500 71.4 15,273 10,898
1992 126,000 13,100 2,711,000 2,386,000 88.0 21,516 18,937 206,800 146,600 71.0 15,786 11,214
1993 128,100 13,200 2,808,900 2,483,400 88.4 21,927 19,386 214,000 152,700 71.4 16,212 11,568
1994 130,100 13,300 2,964,100 2,624,500 88.5 22,783 20,173 232,900 160,700 69.0 17,511 12,083
1995 132,800 13,500 3,159,100 2,754,300 87.2 23,788 20,740 242,700 164,800 67.9 17,978 12,207
1996 135,100 13,900 3,331,900 2,901,700 87.1 24,662 21,478 255,700 171,800 67.2 18,396 12,360
1997 137,765 14,020 3,586,721 3,104,300 86.5 26,035 22,533 272,000 180,700 66.4 19,401 12,889
1998 140,386 14,230 3,882,341 3,333,700 85.9 27,655 23,747 290,300 191,200 65.9 20,401 13,436
1999 142,703 14,500 4,159,210 3,547,300 85.3 29,146 24,858 307,900 202,300 65.7 21,234 13,952
2000 146,097 14,675 4,494,170 3,798,400 84.5 30,762 25,999 325,700 210,100 64.5 22,194 14,317
2001 146,596 14,930 4,586,990 3,950,100 86.1 31,290 26,945 332,546 217,800 65.5 22,274 14,588
2002 145,793 15,249 4,596,694 4,021,800 87.5 31,529 27,586 341,600 228,300 66.8 22,401 14,971
2003 145,101 15,969 4,708,439 4,114,000 87.4 32,449 28,353 360,478 241,000 66.9 22,574 15,092
2004 146,662 16,496 4,973,650 4,295,900 86.4 33,912 29,291 396,895 258,600 65.2 24,060 15,677
2005 148,530 17,098 5,231,330 4,490,500 85.8 35,221 30,233 437,400 275,500 63.0 25,582 16,113
2006 150,787 17,724 5,585,095 4,751,700 85.1 37,040 31,513 464,624 291,700 62.8 26,214 16,458
2007 152,474 18,214 5,900,235 4,973,300 84.3 38,697 32,617 481,071 294,900 61.3 26,412 16,191
2008 152,225 17,973 6,021,007 5,140,600 85.4 39,553 33,770 475,173 292,200 61.5 26,438 16,258
2009 147,375 17,901 5,735,498 4,985,700 86.9 38,918 33,830 449,016 285,500 63.6 25,083 15,949
2010 146,734 17,944 5,858,149 5,021,200 85.7 39,924 34,220 453,830 285,900 63.0 25,291 15,933
2011 147,734 18,533 6,071,808 5,176,900 85.3 41,100 35,042 491,400 308,600 62.8 26,515 16,651
2012 149,790 18,651 6,364,364 5,381,300 84.6 42,489 35,926 530,000 325,200 61.4 28,417 17,436
2013 152,244 18,810 6,538,034 5,577,300 85.3 42,944 36,634 527,900 331,300 62.8 28,065 17,613
2014 154,301 19,285 6,873,446 5,834,200 84.9 44,546 37,811 558,400 344,500 61.7 28,955 17,864
2015 e 157,108 19,432 7,237,934 6,126,900 84.6 46,070 38,998 573,000 351,300 61.3 29,487 18,078
2016 e 159,848 19,587 7,439,698 6,307,100 84.8 46,542 39,457 579,500 355,300 61.3 29,586 18,140
2017 f 161,986 19,615 7,789,300 6,631,100 85.1 48,086 40,936 587,400 366,634 62.4 29,946 18,692
2018 g 164,781 20,005 8,159,476 6,908,534 84.7 49,517 41,926 616,462 382,267 62.0 30,815 19,109
SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Master Earnings File, 1 percent sample; Bureau of Economic Analysis; and Bureau of Labor Statistics.
NOTE: See Table 4.B1 for wage and salary data before 1951.
a. Represents total number in specified type of employment. Persons with both types of covered employment during the year are included in each type.
b. Total wages, including estimated amounts above the taxable limit.
c. Includes Social Security taxable wages as reported by employers and Social Security taxable self-employment income as reported by self-employed workers. See Table 2.A3 for annual maximum taxable earnings.
d. Reported self-employment net earnings.
e. Preliminary data.
f. Taxable earnings are preliminary estimates based on Social Security data; employment data are preliminary estimates based on data from Bureau of Labor Statistics.
g. Preliminary estimates based on data from Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Bureau of Economic Analysis.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 4.B3 Number of workers and median annual earnings, by type of earnings and sex, selected years 1937–2017
Year All workers a Wage and salary Self-employed b
Total Men Women Subtotal Men Women Subtotal Men Women
  Number (thousands) c
1937 32,900 23,810 9,090 32,900 23,810 9,090 . . . . . . . . .
1940 35,390 25,570 9,820 35,390 25,570 9,820 . . . . . . . . .
1945 46,390 28,820 17,570 46,390 28,820 17,570 . . . . . . . . .
1950 48,280 32,620 15,660 48,280 32,620 15,660 . . . . . . . . .
1955 65,200 43,140 22,060 59,560 38,240 21,320 6,810 5,980 830
1960 72,530 47,900 24,630 66,980 43,100 23,880 6,870 5,990 880
1965 80,680 51,990 28,690 75,430 47,500 27,930 6,550 5,640 910
1970 93,090 57,330 35,760 88,180 53,180 35,000 6,270 5,370 900
1975 100,200 59,520 40,680 94,900 55,140 39,760 7,000 5,790 1,210
1980 113,000 64,288 48,712 107,200 59,751 47,449 8,200 6,407 1,793
1985 119,800 66,113 53,687 113,100 61,285 51,815 10,600 7,623 2,977
1986 122,900 67,412 55,488 115,900 62,398 53,502 11,200 7,932 3,268
1987 125,600 68,591 57,009 118,200 63,306 54,894 12,000 8,450 3,550
1988 129,600 70,596 59,004 122,100 65,270 56,830 12,400 8,630 3,770
1989 131,700 71,517 60,183 123,900 66,105 57,795 12,900 8,842 4,058
1990 133,600 72,291 61,309 126,100 67,064 59,036 12,500 8,526 3,974
1991 133,000 71,787 61,213 125,200 66,406 58,794 12,800 8,669 4,131
1992 134,000 72,016 61,984 126,000 66,543 59,457 13,100 8,797 4,303
1993 136,100 73,154 62,946 128,100 67,673 60,427 13,200 8,840 4,360
1994 138,200 73,989 64,211 130,100 68,481 61,619 13,300 8,840 4,460
1995 141,000 75,444 65,556 132,800 69,900 62,900 13,500 8,908 4,592
1996 143,400 76,241 67,158 135,100 70,670 64,429 13,900 9,074 4,826
1997 146,145 77,498 68,647 137,765 71,910 65,855 14,020 9,078 4,942
1998 148,786 78,671 70,115 140,386 73,111 67,275 14,230 9,108 5,122
1999 151,333 80,042 71,291 142,703 74,376 68,327 14,500 9,224 5,276
2000 154,732 81,654 73,078 146,097 76,033 70,064 14,675 9,277 5,398
2001 155,416 82,006 73,410 146,596 76,303 70,293 14,930 9,354 5,576
2002 154,893 81,568 73,325 145,793 75,711 70,082 15,249 9,442 5,807
2003 154,576 81,263 73,313 145,101 75,200 69,901 15,969 9,860 6,109
2004 156,405 82,103 74,302 146,662 75,910 70,752 16,496 10,088 6,408
2005 158,511 83,073 75,438 148,530 76,758 71,772 17,098 10,395 6,703
2006 161,052 84,284 76,768 150,787 77,820 72,967 17,724 10,705 7,019
2007 162,928 85,134 77,794 152,474 78,612 73,862 18,214 10,891 7,323
2008 162,532 84,794 77,738 152,225 78,444 73,781 17,973 10,591 7,382
2009 157,940 81,903 76,037 147,375 75,522 71,853 17,901 10,405 7,496
2010 157,329 81,542 75,787 146,734 75,164 71,570 17,944 10,399 7,545
2011 158,674 82,377 76,297 147,734 75,914 71,820 18,533 10,572 7,961
2012 160,775 83,567 77,208 149,790 77,090 72,700 18,651 10,593 8,058
2013 163,236 84,908 78,328 152,244 78,446 73,798 18,810 10,647 8,163
2014 165,429 85,999 79,430 154,301 79,440 74,861 19,285 10,880 8,405
2015 d 168,276 87,372 80,904 157,108 80,827 76,281 19,432 10,894 8,538
2016 d 170,964 88,598 82,366 159,848 82,111 77,737 19,587 10,937 8,650
2017 d 173,010 89,478 83,532 161,986 83,114 78,872 19,615 10,831 8,784
  Median earnings e (dollars)
1937 761 945 484 761 945 484 . . . . . . . . .
1940 746 935 472 746 935 472 . . . . . . . . .
1945 1,159 1,654 770 1,159 1,654 770 . . . . . . . . .
1950 1,926 2,532 1,124 1,926 2,532 1,124 . . . . . . . . .
1955 2,438 3,315 1,351 2,383 3,348 1,338 2,397 2,550 1,552
1960 2,894 3,879 1,679 2,833 3,875 1,676 2,903 3,129 1,695
1965 3,414 4,685 1,984 3,319 4,630 1,979 3,858 4,242 1,898
1970 4,375 6,180 2,735 4,317 6,173 2,770 5,104 5,683 2,360
1975 5,803 8,250 3,730 5,790 8,315 3,794 6,700 7,846 3,113
1980 8,549 11,963 6,012 8,612 12,166 6,106 8,699 10,572 4,133
1985 11,265 14,959 8,293 11,638 15,706 8,525 9,877 12,301 5,529
1986 11,831 15,579 8,796 12,064 16,025 9,019 10,424 12,908 6,152
1987 12,327 16,073 9,261 12,576 16,559 9,500 10,886 13,401 6,573
1988 12,825 16,613 9,753 13,086 17,055 9,992 11,478 14,090 7,036
1989 13,314 17,014 10,265 13,762 17,800 10,577 11,602 14,538 7,010
1990 13,898 17,582 10,837 14,432 18,483 11,199 11,220 14,097 6,898
1991 14,278 17,765 11,369 14,859 18,730 11,767 11,125 13,703 7,186
1992 14,739 18,208 11,842 15,386 19,292 12,268 11,392 13,966 7,452
1993 15,000 18,430 12,093 15,665 19,516 12,546 11,595 14,128 7,720
1994 15,560 19,249 12,422 16,010 19,969 12,807 12,051 14,737 8,002
1995 16,108 19,907 12,897 16,618 20,672 13,296 12,198 14,931 8,301
1996 16,712 20,779 13,335 17,256 21,591 13,763 12,481 15,300 8,628
1997 17,562 21,814 14,043 18,127 22,693 14,482 12,910 15,911 8,944
1998 18,513 23,028 14,834 19,103 23,920 15,290 13,462 16,565 9,365
1999 19,265 23,927 15,465 19,885 24,839 15,938 14,051 17,338 9,784
2000 20,225 25,032 16,287 20,885 25,999 16,801 14,927 18,538 10,270
2001 20,905 25,643 17,037 21,629 26,647 17,595 15,010 18,681 10,470
2002 21,193 25,765 17,461 21,987 26,892 18,085 14,429 17,761 10,514
2003 21,610 26,173 17,845 22,473 27,364 18,497 14,512 17,998 10,678
2004 22,335 27,061 18,421 23,242 28,305 19,138 14,912 18,430 11,100
2005 22,985 27,886 18,886 23,905 29,154 19,633 15,543 19,289 11,559
2006 23,857 28,918 19,598 24,843 30,262 20,396 15,889 19,769 11,911
2007 24,595 29,741 20,360 25,685 31,188 21,213 15,727 19,525 12,082
2008 25,206 30,245 21,046 26,383 31,814 22,021 15,441 19,301 12,237
2009 24,807 29,311 21,143 26,121 31,000 22,256 14,408 17,780 12,006
2010 24,921 29,533 21,136 26,300 31,279 22,327 14,152 17,583 11,961
2011 25,506 30,352 21,482 26,904 32,103 22,727 14,920 18,736 12,353
2012 26,097 31,180 21,900 27,497 32,886 23,122 15,551 19,644 12,836
2013 26,603 31,745 22,312 28,008 33,469 23,531 15,505 19,856 13,085
2014 27,422 32,826 22,856 28,878 34,647 24,071 16,060 20,489 13,496
2015 d 28,472 33,919 23,844 29,940 35,740 25,029 16,586 20,946 13,879
2016 d 29,122 34,500 24,551 30,549 36,255 25,780 16,841 21,140 14,058
2017 d 30,079 35,653 25,450 31,540 37,430 26,661 17,069 21,460 14,299
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Master Earnings File, 1 percent sample.
NOTE: . . . = not applicable.
a. Workers with earnings in both wage and salary employment and self-employment are counted in each type of employment but only once in the total.
b. Not covered before 1951.
c. Totals do not necessarily equal the sum of rounded components.
d. Preliminary data.
e. For all workers, medians relate to combined earnings from wage and salary employment and self-employment. For all wage and salary workers, medians relate to wages and salaries only.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 4.B4 Percentage of workers with earnings below annual maximum taxable, by sex, selected years 1937–2017
Year All workers a All self-employed workers Annual maximum taxable earnings (dollars)
Total Men Women Total Men Women
1937 96.9 95.8 99.7 . . . . . . . . . 3,000
1940 96.6 95.4 99.7 . . . . . . . . . 3,000
1945 86.3 78.6 98.9 . . . . . . . . . 3,000
1950 71.1 59.9 94.6 . . . . . . . . . 3,000
1951 75.5 64.6 96.7 65.4 62.6 83.3 3,600
1952 72.1 60.0 95.4 64.1 61.2 83.5 3,600
1953 68.8 55.5 93.8 62.9 59.5 83.1 3,600
1954 68.4 55.4 93.0 62.6 58.8 82.8 3,600
1955 74.4 63.4 95.9 74.0 72.3 86.3 4,200
1956 71.6 59.7 94.5 71.2 69.1 86.0 4,200
1957 70.1 58.7 93.1 69.6 67.2 85.5 4,200
1958 69.4 58.4 91.8 68.8 66.3 85.7 4,200
1959 73.3 62.7 94.3 72.0 69.6 88.0 4,800
1960 72.0 60.9 93.5 71.6 69.2 87.7 4,800
1961 70.8 59.6 92.4 70.3 67.8 86.9 4,800
1962 68.8 57.1 91.1 67.9 65.3 85.3 4,800
1963 67.5 55.5 90.0 66.3 63.4 85.3 4,800
1964 65.5 53.1 88.5 63.8 60.5 84.4 4,800
1965 63.9 51.0 87.3 59.5 55.8 82.5 4,800
1966 75.8 64.4 95.6 68.3 65.0 88.4 6,600
1967 73.6 61.5 94.2 66.7 63.2 87.5 6,600
1968 78.6 68.0 96.3 70.3 67.2 89.7 7,800
1969 75.5 62.8 96.0 68.3 65.0 89.1 7,800
1970 74.0 61.8 93.5 67.8 64.3 88.3 7,800
1971 71.7 59.1 91.7 66.7 63.3 86.2 7,800
1972 75.0 62.9 93.9 68.8 65.0 89.7 9,000
1973 79.7 68.9 96.2 71.1 67.4 91.0 10,800
1974 84.9 76.2 97.8 75.7 72.1 94.0 13,200
1975 84.9 76.4 97.5 77.8 74.4 93.9 14,100
1976 85.1 76.3 97.5 78.6 75.1 94.3 15,300
1977 85.2 76.3 97.5 79.3 75.8 94.1 16,500
1978 84.6 75.4 97.1 79.3 75.6 94.0 17,700
1979 90.0 83.6 98.6 84.3 81.3 95.9 22,900
1980 91.2 85.5 98.8 86.9 84.2 96.6 25,900
1981 92.4 87.4 99.0 89.4 87.1 97.2 29,700
1982 92.9 88.3 98.9 91.0 88.8 97.7 32,400
1983 93.7 89.6 99.0 92.0 90.0 97.7 35,700
1984 93.6 89.4 98.9 91.8 89.7 97.6 37,800
1985 93.5 89.3 98.8 92.0 89.8 97.5 39,600
1986 93.8 89.7 98.7 92.3 90.2 97.5 42,000
1987 93.9 89.9 98.6 92.5 90.4 97.5 43,800
1988 93.5 89.4 98.3 91.7 89.4 97.1 45,000
1989 93.8 90.1 98.3 92.4 90.1 97.3 48,000
1990 94.3 90.9 98.4 93.3 91.3 97.7 51,300
1991 94.4 91.1 98.3 93.6 91.6 97.7 53,400
1992 94.3 91.0 98.1 93.6 91.7 97.6 55,500
1993 94.4 91.3 98.1 93.7 91.9 97.4 57,600
1994 94.6 91.4 98.1 93.9 92.0 97.5 60,600
1995 94.2 91.0 97.9 93.9 92.0 97.5 61,200
1996 93.9 90.6 97.7 93.9 92.0 97.4 62,700
1997 93.8 90.5 97.6 93.8 91.9 97.3 65,400
1998 93.7 90.3 97.5 94.0 92.2 97.3 68,400
1999 93.9 90.7 97.5 94.2 92.3 97.4 72,600
2000 93.8 90.6 97.4 92.5 90.1 96.6 76,200
2001 94.1 91.0 97.5 93.0 90.8 96.8 80,400
2002 94.6 91.8 97.7 94.9 93.2 97.7 84,900
2003 94.5 91.8 97.5 95.0 93.4 97.6 87,000
2004 94.1 91.2 97.3 94.8 93.1 97.5 87,900
2005 93.9 91.0 97.1 94.7 93.0 97.4 90,000
2006 94.0 91.1 97.1 95.0 93.2 97.7 94,200
2007 93.9 91.0 97.0 95.2 93.5 97.8 97,500
2008 94.0 91.2 97.0 95.5 93.8 98.0 102,000
2009 94.5 92.0 97.3 96.0 94.4 98.3 106,800
2010 94.3 91.7 97.1 96.0 94.3 98.2 106,800
2011 93.8 91.1 96.8 95.8 94.0 98.1 106,800
2012 93.9 91.2 96.8 95.6 93.8 98.0 110,100
2013 94.0 91.4 96.8 95.6 93.8 98.0 113,700
2014 94.0 91.4 96.8 95.9 94.1 98.1 117,000
2015 b 93.8 91.1 96.6 96.1 94.5 98.1 118,500
2016 b 93.6 90.9 96.4 96.1 94.4 98.1 118,500
2017 b 94.1 91.7 96.7 96.3 94.8 98.2 127,200
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Master Earnings File, 1 percent sample.
NOTES: Percentages are subject to revision.
. . . = not applicable.
a. From 1937 to 1950, relates to wage and salary workers. Beginning in 1951, includes self-employed workers.
b. Preliminary data.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 4.B5 Number of workers, by sex and age, selected years 1937–2017 (in thousands)
Year Total, all ages Under 20 20–24 25–29 30–34 35–39 40–44 45–49 50–54 55–59 60–61 62–64 65–69 70–71 72 or older
  All workers
1937 32,900 3,277 6,302 5,480 4,413 3,688 3,055 2,580 1,918 1,308 384 398 a 97 . . . . . .
1940 35,390 2,963 6,481 5,794 4,904 3,930 3,342 2,706 2,147 1,488 437 494 451 106 152
1945 46,390 6,313 5,908 5,571 5,495 5,288 4,623 4,061 3,275 2,577 831 926 975 214 333
1950 48,280 4,469 7,057 6,732 5,991 5,609 5,016 4,076 3,375 2,597 811 1,052 979 210 306
1955 65,200 5,410 7,065 7,499 7,801 7,458 7,222 6,507 5,299 4,261 1,423 1,893 2,091 537 734
1960 72,530 6,328 8,749 7,461 7,812 8,301 7,938 7,432 6,448 4,996 1,643 2,102 1,989 419 912
1965 80,680 8,556 11,066 8,261 7,488 8,120 8,550 7,936 7,163 5,931 1,943 2,272 2,027 424 943
1970 93,090 10,790 14,945 10,587 8,492 8,028 8,539 8,647 7,700 6,594 2,236 2,692 2,362 475 1,003
1975 100,200 11,939 16,419 13,852 10,304 8,644 7,997 8,157 7,896 6,626 2,289 2,543 2,139 444 951
1980 113,000 12,372 18,403 16,464 14,184 10,982 9,003 7,961 7,768 7,076 2,326 2,632 2,292 491 1,046
1985 119,800 10,685 17,727 18,012 16,193 14,276 10,961 8,713 7,435 6,870 2,410 2,726 2,206 489 1,097
1990 133,600 10,907 16,760 18,701 18,696 17,008 14,984 11,119 8,533 6,928 2,454 2,854 2,687 605 1,362
1995 141,000 10,832 15,465 17,078 18,692 18,760 16,918 14,622 10,510 7,667 2,440 2,777 2,836 699 1,704
1996 143,400 11,156 15,251 17,184 18,389 19,026 17,481 15,108 11,205 7,942 2,520 2,804 2,863 698 1,772
1997 146,145 11,402 15,486 17,156 18,033 19,279 17,964 15,369 12,023 8,453 2,569 2,902 2,913 731 1,865
1998 148,786 11,904 15,712 17,010 17,694 19,366 18,393 15,763 12,662 8,947 2,687 2,991 2,970 753 1,932
1999 151,333 12,241 16,106 16,754 17,517 19,407 18,769 16,318 13,297 9,332 2,759 3,087 3,013 771 1,962
2000 154,732 12,413 16,703 16,438 17,715 19,245 19,199 16,990 14,156 9,681 2,876 3,243 3,159 829 2,083
2001 155,416 11,753 16,981 16,081 17,688 18,783 19,336 17,449 14,571 10,288 2,989 3,331 3,230 828 2,107
2002 154,893 11,045 17,015 15,952 17,346 18,108 19,213 17,698 14,625 10,936 3,266 3,425 3,301 813 2,150
2003 154,576 10,483 17,018 15,904 16,940 17,527 19,069 17,879 14,831 11,387 3,506 3,554 3,425 825 2,226
2004 156,405 10,558 17,201 16,216 16,613 17,283 18,974 18,153 15,333 11,987 3,490 3,883 3,584 851 2,280
2005 158,511 10,850 17,359 16,654 16,179 17,312 18,694 18,414 15,845 12,591 3,416 4,181 3,754 904 2,357
2006 161,052 11,130 17,545 17,138 15,923 17,395 18,339 18,623 16,376 13,038 3,798 4,373 3,962 958 2,453
2007 162,928 11,107 17,636 17,481 16,019 17,288 17,934 18,707 16,788 13,278 4,462 4,416 4,276 967 2,568
2008 162,532 10,302 17,535 17,586 16,063 16,964 17,436 18,612 17,045 13,534 4,639 4,650 4,501 1,022 2,642
2009 157,940 8,654 16,820 17,087 15,854 16,209 16,777 18,111 16,884 13,748 4,446 5,116 4,549 1,037 2,646
2010 157,329 8,109 17,000 17,032 16,078 15,631 16,610 17,672 16,922 14,039 4,422 5,461 4,628 1,035 2,689
2011 158,674 7,939 17,387 17,154 16,449 15,350 16,684 17,265 17,073 14,414 4,568 5,581 4,954 1,080 2,776
2012 160,775 8,073 17,717 17,414 16,836 15,424 16,612 16,898 17,180 14,792 4,822 5,548 5,387 1,186 2,886
2013 163,236 8,358 18,109 17,866 17,204 15,639 16,460 16,589 17,225 15,140 4,974 5,745 5,655 1,298 2,972
2014 165,429 8,602 18,347 18,399 17,512 16,004 16,227 16,465 17,213 15,352 5,134 6,012 5,909 1,257 2,996
2015 b 168,276 9,101 18,416 19,027 17,815 16,546 15,908 16,608 17,073 15,643 5,308 6,243 6,216 1,233 3,140
2016 b 170,964 9,464 18,445 19,556 18,129 17,084 15,717 16,766 16,832 15,899 5,453 6,547 6,444 1,366 3,264
2017 b 173,010 9,738 18,432 19,887 18,397 17,507 15,827 16,691 16,514 16,033 5,589 6,765 6,636 1,626 3,366
  Men
1937 23,810 2,020 4,021 3,797 3,237 3,775 2,387 2,091 1,606 1,110 330 351 a 85 . . . . . .
1940 25,570 1,821 4,072 4,028 3,545 2,922 2,550 2,151 1,770 1,265 373 434 403 96 140
1945 28,820 3,343 2,296 3,054 3,502 3,486 3,150 2,840 2,409 1,984 664 765 838 189 300
1950 32,620 2,530 4,215 4,497 4,135 3,889 3,419 2,827 2,417 1,951 635 843 815 181 266
1955 43,140 3,026 3,980 5,019 5,345 5,035 4,846 4,327 3,595 2,995 1,012 1,387 1,566 414 593
1960 47,900 3,748 5,455 5,148 5,464 5,591 5,188 4,818 4,183 3,336 1,125 1,480 1,392 293 697
1965 51,990 5,206 6,731 5,574 5,153 5,416 5,464 5,002 4,536 3,803 1,274 1,519 1,359 280 673
1970 57,330 6,308 8,639 6,760 5,564 5,126 5,287 5,242 4,671 4,084 1,392 1,730 1,522 321 684
1975 59,520 6,635 9,122 8,245 6,440 5,311 4,831 4,891 4,729 4,023 1,418 1,595 1,352 285 643
1980 64,288 6,620 9,971 9,278 8,206 6,372 5,178 4,590 4,516 4,152 1,391 1,597 1,411 309 697
1985 66,114 5,547 9,432 9,870 9,066 7,920 6,050 4,838 4,186 3,932 1,408 1,593 1,297 289 686
1990 72,292 5,690 8,835 10,131 10,251 9,216 7,977 5,976 4,651 3,857 1,381 1,619 1,526 358 823
1995 75,443 5,590 8,069 9,097 10,146 10,106 8,966 7,663 5,620 4,193 1,374 1,547 1,614 405 1,053
1996 76,241 5,672 7,876 9,074 9,935 10,198 9,240 7,873 5,963 4,307 1,416 1,569 1,629 403 1,086
1997 77,498 5,823 7,943 9,017 9,697 10,280 9,498 7,997 6,376 4,578 1,423 1,641 1,650 433 1,141
1998 78,671 6,068 8,029 8,895 9,472 10,345 9,684 8,196 6,673 4,835 1,476 1,690 1,688 444 1,177
1999 80,042 6,251 8,238 8,774 9,415 10,376 9,880 8,480 6,977 5,028 1,520 1,734 1,713 454 1,200
2000 81,654 6,323 8,544 8,573 9,492 10,285 10,102 8,838 7,365 5,184 1,588 1,796 1,805 488 1,271
2001 82,006 5,944 8,689 8,422 9,460 10,063 10,191 9,106 7,566 5,488 1,630 1,847 1,848 477 1,275
2002 81,568 5,562 8,691 8,297 9,282 9,713 10,113 9,241 7,575 5,799 1,768 1,884 1,883 461 1,299
2003 81,263 5,233 8,691 8,264 9,028 9,435 10,060 9,296 7,670 5,991 1,896 1,945 1,939 482 1,334
2004 82,103 5,233 8,798 8,418 8,834 9,279 10,025 9,441 7,932 6,268 1,880 2,106 2,025 495 1,369
2005 83,073 5,374 8,849 8,649 8,572 9,275 9,859 9,580 8,213 6,553 1,820 2,266 2,113 530 1,420
2006 84,284 5,534 8,928 8,890 8,418 9,262 9,666 9,676 8,493 6,766 2,011 2,368 2,222 565 1,484
2007 85,134 5,512 8,976 9,059 8,424 9,208 9,446 9,702 8,697 6,868 2,348 2,381 2,390 568 1,554
2008 84,794 5,101 8,909 9,116 8,427 8,986 9,195 9,657 8,784 6,995 2,439 2,476 2,509 594 1,605
2009 81,903 4,221 8,475 8,805 8,275 8,539 8,796 9,359 8,663 7,064 2,311 2,692 2,506 596 1,602
2010 81,542 3,973 8,588 8,748 8,399 8,214 8,722 9,131 8,676 7,215 2,266 2,865 2,531 592 1,622
2011 82,377 3,892 8,825 8,813 8,620 8,069 8,746 8,957 8,778 7,423 2,342 2,914 2,697 618 1,680
2012 83,567 3,966 9,006 8,964 8,825 8,089 8,714 8,805 8,828 7,632 2,499 2,882 2,941 669 1,747
2013 84,908 4,123 9,213 9,210 9,029 8,209 8,609 8,662 8,880 7,789 2,597 2,975 3,059 745 1,809
2014 85,999 4,231 9,329 9,490 9,213 8,376 8,475 8,588 8,896 7,913 2,678 3,134 3,174 714 1,788
2015 b 87,372 4,474 9,366 9,791 9,333 8,663 8,278 8,655 8,823 8,058 2,766 3,281 3,327 690 1,865
2016 b 88,598 4,645 9,380 10,048 9,453 8,923 8,159 8,689 8,700 8,193 2,831 3,445 3,431 761 1,937
2017 b 89,478 4,789 9,367 10,204 9,563 9,127 8,167 8,638 8,543 8,231 2,886 3,549 3,533 899 1,982
  Women
1937 9,090 1,257 2,281 1,683 1,176 913 668 489 312 198 54 47 a 12 . . . . . .
1940 9,820 1,142 2,409 1,766 1,359 1,008 792 555 377 218 64 60 48 10 12
1945 17,570 2,970 3,612 2,517 1,993 1,802 1,473 1,221 866 593 167 161 137 25 33
1950 15,660 1,939 2,842 2,235 1,856 1,720 1,597 1,249 958 646 176 209 164 29 40
1955 22,060 2,384 3,085 2,480 2,456 2,423 2,376 2,180 1,704 1,266 411 506 525 123 141
1960 24,630 2,580 3,294 2,313 2,348 2,710 2,750 2,614 2,265 1,660 518 622 597 126 233
1965 28,690 3,350 4,335 2,687 2,335 2,704 3,086 2,934 2,627 2,128 669 753 668 144 270
1970 35,760 4,482 6,306 3,827 2,928 2,902 3,252 3,405 3,029 2,510 844 962 840 154 319
1975 40,680 5,304 7,297 5,607 3,864 3,333 3,166 3,266 3,167 2,603 871 948 787 159 308
1980 48,712 5,752 8,432 7,186 5,978 4,610 3,825 3,371 3,252 2,924 935 1,035 881 182 349
1985 53,686 5,138 8,295 8,142 7,127 6,356 4,911 3,875 3,249 2,938 1,002 1,233 909 200 411
1990 61,309 5,217 7,925 8,570 8,445 7,792 7,007 5,143 3,882 3,071 1,073 1,235 1,161 247 540
1995 65,557 5,241 7,396 7,981 8,546 8,654 7,951 6,959 4,891 3,474 1,066 1,230 1,222 295 651
1996 67,158 5,483 7,375 8,110 8,454 8,829 8,241 7,236 5,242 3,634 1,104 1,235 1,234 295 685
1997 68,647 5,579 7,543 8,139 8,336 8,998 8,466 7,372 5,648 3,875 1,146 1,261 1,264 298 724
1998 70,115 5,837 7,683 8,115 8,222 9,021 8,709 7,567 5,989 4,113 1,212 1,302 1,283 308 755
1999 71,291 5,990 7,868 7,980 8,102 9,031 8,889 7,838 6,321 4,304 1,239 1,353 1,299 317 762
2000 73,078 6,089 8,159 7,865 8,224 8,960 9,097 8,152 6,791 4,497 1,288 1,448 1,355 341 812
2001 73,410 5,809 8,293 7,658 8,228 8,721 9,144 8,344 7,005 4,800 1,358 1,484 1,383 351 833
2002 73,325 5,483 8,324 7,655 8,065 8,395 9,101 8,457 7,050 5,137 1,498 1,541 1,418 351 851
2003 73,313 5,250 8,327 7,640 7,912 8,093 9,010 8,583 7,161 5,396 1,610 1,609 1,487 343 892
2004 74,302 5,324 8,403 7,798 7,779 8,004 8,949 8,712 7,401 5,719 1,610 1,777 1,558 356 911
2005 75,438 5,475 8,511 8,005 7,607 8,038 8,835 8,834 7,633 6,038 1,595 1,914 1,641 374 937
2006 76,768 5,596 8,617 8,248 7,505 8,134 8,673 8,946 7,883 6,272 1,788 2,006 1,740 393 969
2007 77,794 5,595 8,660 8,422 7,594 8,080 8,488 9,005 8,091 6,410 2,114 2,036 1,886 399 1,015
2008 77,738 5,201 8,626 8,469 7,636 7,978 8,241 8,955 8,261 6,539 2,200 2,174 1,992 428 1,038
2009 76,037 4,434 8,345 8,282 7,580 7,671 7,981 8,752 8,221 6,685 2,135 2,424 2,044 442 1,044
2010 75,787 4,136 8,413 8,284 7,680 7,417 7,888 8,541 8,246 6,824 2,156 2,596 2,097 443 1,067
2011 76,297 4,047 8,562 8,341 7,830 7,280 7,938 8,308 8,295 6,991 2,226 2,666 2,256 462 1,095
2012 77,208 4,107 8,711 8,450 8,011 7,335 7,898 8,093 8,352 7,160 2,323 2,666 2,446 517 1,138
2013 78,328 4,235 8,896 8,656 8,176 7,431 7,851 7,927 8,344 7,351 2,378 2,770 2,596 554 1,163
2014 79,430 4,371 9,018 8,910 8,300 7,628 7,752 7,877 8,317 7,438 2,455 2,878 2,735 543 1,209
2015 b 80,904 4,627 9,049 9,236 8,482 7,883 7,630 7,953 8,249 7,585 2,542 2,962 2,888 543 1,275
2016 b 82,366 4,819 9,065 9,507 8,676 8,160 7,558 8,076 8,131 7,706 2,622 3,102 3,012 605 1,327
2017 b 83,532 4,949 9,066 9,683 8,834 8,380 7,660 8,053 7,972 7,803 2,702 3,216 3,103 727 1,384
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Master Earnings File, 1 percent sample.
NOTES: Age refers to age attained during year.
Totals do not necessarily equal the sum of rounded components.
. . . = not applicable.
a. Represents workers attaining age 65 during the year. Workers aged 65 or older were not covered under the program in that year.
b. Preliminary data.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 4.B6 Median earnings of workers, by sex and age, selected years 1937–2017 (in dollars)
Year Total, all ages Under 20 20–24 25–29 30–34 35–39 40–44 45–49 50–54 55–59 60–61 62–64 65–69 70–71 72 or older
  All workers
1937 761 170 570 829 998 1,061 1,126 1,121 1,177 1,020 1,010 927 a 512 . . . . . .
1940 746 140 498 764 934 1,041 1,064 1,110 1,071 1,018 978 963 874 924 788
1945 1,159 288 669 818 1,383 1,617 1,842 2,026 1,874 1,821 1,782 1,739 1,482 1,341 1,307
1950 1,926 385 1,376 1,971 2,312 2,456 2,473 2,517 2,442 2,394 2,492 2,252 1,973 1,916 1,589
1955 2,438 443 1,601 2,689 3,173 3,233 3,196 3,068 2,966 2,728 2,525 2,427 1,736 1,279 1,149
1960 2,894 561 1,917 3,138 3,738 3,903 3,891 3,785 3,643 3,452 3,166 3,052 1,590 1,140 1,252
1965 3,414 613 2,326 3,919 4,540 4,747 4,756 4,665 4,526 4,304 4,087 3,767 1,791 1,171 1,326
1970 4,375 810 2,988 5,334 6,156 6,339 6,357 6,292 6,105 5,831 5,473 5,047 2,099 1,578 1,683
1975 5,803 1,070 4,187 6,795 8,249 8,629 8,725 8,810 8,748 8,299 7,779 6,620 2,524 2,105 2,137
1980 8,549 1,646 6,205 9,593 11,510 12,540 12,690 12,784 12,794 12,309 11,606 9,651 4,451 3,306 3,140
1985 11,265 1,647 7,136 12,453 14,886 16,458 16,984 16,849 16,528 15,831 14,724 11,907 5,974 4,330 3,729
1990 13,898 1,937 8,054 14,687 17,482 19,296 20,664 20,958 20,157 18,584 17,163 13,021 6,812 5,375 4,536
1995 16,108 2,076 8,392 16,134 19,654 21,629 23,468 24,690 24,090 21,320 19,136 12,961 7,551 5,816 4,681
1996 16,712 2,140 8,562 16,664 20,327 22,311 24,116 25,317 25,176 22,083 19,718 13,408 7,692 6,217 4,861
1997 17,562 2,310 9,074 17,596 21,261 23,279 24,979 26,264 26,415 23,398 20,514 14,284 8,056 6,387 5,033
1998 18,513 2,515 9,763 18,666 22,453 24,345 25,971 27,390 27,609 24,688 21,372 15,229 8,431 6,747 5,302
1999 19,265 2,610 10,163 19,563 23,469 25,173 26,788 28,315 28,643 25,577 22,151 15,902 8,935 6,780 5,271
2000 20,225 2,716 10,721 20,597 24,817 26,385 27,814 29,403 29,529 26,698 22,884 16,499 9,465 7,295 5,376
2001 20,905 2,718 10,703 20,981 25,601 27,228 28,544 30,128 30,414 27,685 23,679 17,736 10,556 7,861 5,743
2002 21,193 2,677 10,353 20,945 25,904 27,724 28,992 30,338 30,998 28,380 24,470 18,563 11,158 8,192 5,911
2003 21,610 2,633 10,320 21,044 26,464 28,331 29,484 30,910 31,562 29,126 25,452 19,302 11,875 8,698 5,965
2004 22,335 2,715 10,689 21,496 27,312 29,513 30,533 31,931 32,730 30,376 26,463 20,740 12,585 9,173 6,313
2005 22,985 2,758 11,009 22,031 27,926 30,521 31,377 32,639 33,682 31,463 27,702 21,935 13,321 9,638 6,630
2006 23,857 2,824 11,447 22,867 28,837 31,762 32,718 33,807 34,812 32,763 29,165 23,320 14,012 10,174 6,957
2007 24,595 2,914 11,671 23,512 29,720 32,771 33,745 34,906 35,714 34,049 30,294 24,668 14,727 10,927 7,234
2008 25,206 2,944 11,546 23,957 30,253 33,538 34,472 35,566 36,314 34,937 31,321 26,081 15,455 11,493 7,482
2009 24,807 2,775 10,562 22,963 29,422 32,957 34,111 34,822 35,688 34,461 31,303 26,347 15,980 11,284 7,527
2010 24,921 2,713 10,407 22,530 29,406 33,194 34,853 35,349 36,000 35,013 31,938 26,988 16,404 11,461 7,649
2011 25,506 2,782 10,639 22,755 29,953 33,767 35,827 36,359 36,843 36,106 33,435 28,445 17,868 12,401 8,000
2012 26,097 2,839 11,004 23,200 30,439 34,712 36,749 37,217 37,696 36,999 34,714 29,838 19,493 13,058 8,493
2013 26,603 2,931 11,298 23,635 31,022 35,386 37,607 38,196 38,592 37,692 35,762 30,946 20,246 13,484 8,777
2014 27,422 3,048 11,955 24,303 31,898 36,320 38,698 39,451 39,568 38,899 36,704 32,187 21,209 14,571 10,004
2015 b 28,472 3,271 12,731 25,466 33,133 37,477 39,950 41,040 40,940 40,011 37,912 34,076 22,171 15,147 10,454
2016 b 29,122 3,409 13,369 26,249 33,767 38,097 40,611 42,109 41,638 40,655 38,829 34,756 22,972 15,334 10,615
2017 b 30,079 3,538 13,958 27,322 35,012 39,293 42,053 43,537 42,956 41,928 39,841 35,947 24,170 16,139 11,195
  Men
1937 945 174 647 1,117 1,202 1,286 1,338 1,308 1,232 1,137 1,131 1,008 a 563 . . . . . .
1940 935 147 550 928 1,143 1,289 1,306 1,320 1,238 1,153 1,088 1,058 950 917 899
1945 1,654 271 422 813 1,983 2,245 2,405 2,364 2,319 2,170 2,106 2,000 1,666 1,462 1,390
1950 2,532 402 1,566 2,465 2,918 3,102 3,131 3,156 3,018 2,959 2,812 2,618 2,317 2,049 1,707
1955 3,315 468 1,871 3,450 4,079 4,201 4,159 4,005 3,818 3,512 3,201 3,044 2,164 1,498 1,292
1960 3,879 615 2,116 3,942 4,831 5,175 5,167 4,954 4,702 4,416 3,982 3,812 2,112 1,207 1,340
1965 4,685 710 2,609 4,957 6,055 6,481 6,519 6,369 5,921 5,581 4,993 4,784 2,628 1,246 1,443
1970 6,180 930 3,281 6,827 8,131 8,528 8,686 8,735 8,370 7,675 7,051 6,456 2,927 1,662 1,863
1975 8,250 1,246 4,870 8,464 11,170 12,131 12,533 12,605 12,270 11,290 10,398 8,700 2,895 2,276 2,371
1980 11,963 1,857 7,007 11,880 15,491 17,982 18,720 18,896 18,391 17,585 15,939 13,201 4,902 3,658 3,529
1985 14,959 1,771 8,185 14,465 18,642 22,021 24,433 24,385 23,841 22,117 19,953 16,532 6,760 4,977 4,351
1990 17,582 2,058 8,945 16,412 21,211 24,424 27,608 29,074 28,027 25,509 23,243 17,408 7,714 6,153 5,129
1995 19,907 2,164 9,618 17,810 23,200 26,912 29,732 32,334 32,505 28,260 24,673 17,090 8,133 6,430 4,977
1996 20,779 2,234 9,900 18,538 24,024 27,769 30,658 32,850 33,648 29,426 25,177 17,632 8,441 6,715 5,295
1997 21,814 2,379 10,356 19,748 25,231 28,874 31,790 33,738 34,890 31,018 26,229 18,159 8,832 7,097 5,300
1998 23,028 2,600 11,135 21,040 26,645 30,154 32,996 34,823 36,125 32,577 27,588 19,750 9,286 7,429 5,638
1999 23,927 2,718 11,616 22,200 27,805 31,113 33,946 35,717 36,924 33,428 28,382 20,172 9,873 7,323 5,594
2000 25,032 2,804 12,191 23,403 29,404 32,354 35,218 36,932 37,917 34,717 28,850 21,076 10,487 7,903 5,791
2001 25,643 2,788 12,002 23,500 30,130 33,117 35,801 37,426 38,348 35,287 29,886 21,976 12,010 8,566 6,229
2002 25,765 2,748 11,560 23,238 30,420 33,658 35,994 37,574 38,285 35,806 30,715 22,844 12,611 8,834 6,418
2003 26,173 2,726 11,391 23,365 30,891 34,302 36,542 38,150 38,699 36,390 31,540 23,854 13,402 9,470 6,338
2004 27,061 2,801 11,872 23,833 31,977 35,756 37,890 39,584 40,120 37,840 32,960 25,872 14,479 9,927 6,665
2005 27,886 2,832 12,297 24,508 32,630 36,928 39,016 40,529 41,153 38,932 34,468 27,355 15,343 10,531 7,040
2006 28,918 2,897 12,852 25,416 33,717 38,501 40,497 41,888 42,504 40,299 36,118 29,359 16,374 11,427 7,367
2007 29,741 2,992 13,051 26,038 34,420 39,652 41,702 43,212 43,639 41,579 37,300 30,452 17,491 12,260 7,739
2008 30,245 3,020 12,774 26,284 34,958 40,234 42,410 44,118 44,316 42,343 38,300 31,800 18,290 12,548 7,892
2009 29,311 2,768 11,363 24,908 33,483 39,262 41,266 42,604 43,090 41,221 37,146 31,877 18,525 12,300 7,632
2010 29,533 2,750 11,207 24,621 33,672 39,573 42,177 43,219 43,846 41,802 38,141 32,424 19,195 12,711 7,860
2011 30,352 2,886 11,542 25,105 34,306 40,317 43,674 44,510 45,132 43,417 39,924 34,570 21,200 13,731 8,342
2012 31,180 2,935 11,978 25,646 34,860 41,195 44,838 45,570 46,383 44,739 41,304 35,909 23,362 14,902 8,976
2013 31,745 2,995 12,427 26,070 35,524 41,907 45,677 46,807 47,522 45,731 42,997 37,056 24,339 15,498 9,281
2014 32,826 3,143 13,200 26,966 36,545 43,040 47,230 48,371 48,645 47,350 44,113 38,923 25,891 17,144 10,999
2015 b 33,919 3,381 13,979 28,137 37,757 44,109 48,503 50,245 49,946 48,719 45,401 41,089 27,038 17,917 11,706
2016 b 34,500 3,515 14,610 28,778 38,385 44,653 48,818 51,331 50,406 49,366 46,537 41,646 28,110 18,357 11,732
2017 b 35,653 3,659 15,372 29,977 39,998 46,048 50,574 52,871 52,127 50,975 47,948 43,257 29,258 18,993 12,371
  Women
1937 484 163 477 602 621 609 604 589 576 563 585 582 a 366 . . . . . .
1940 472 127 432 530 590 599 596 590 580 562 499 577 607 999 424
1945 770 307 811 821 871 971 1,026 1,018 987 955 946 899 832 766 928
1950 1,124 362 1,153 1,158 1,196 1,297 1,421 1,456 1,410 1,416 1,370 1,349 1,176 1,399 1,232
1955 1,351 408 1,312 1,406 1,430 1,586 1,706 1,775 1,768 1,622 1,542 1,445 1,057 949 802
1960 1,679 484 1,558 1,969 1,718 1,899 2,075 2,205 2,290 2,221 2,040 1,783 1,142 1,007 1,036
1965 1,984 539 1,852 2,067 2,069 2,243 2,478 2,660 2,715 2,764 2,678 2,372 1,208 1,054 1,093
1970 2,735 675 2,538 3,151 2,953 3,210 3,498 3,721 3,790 3,747 3,729 3,236 1,674 1,344 1,375
1975 3,730 905 3,287 4,800 4,454 4,512 4,870 5,168 5,340 5,300 5,020 4,055 2,189 1,895 1,715
1980 6,012 1,451 5,083 7,496 7,649 7,495 7,761 7,893 8,079 7,966 7,756 6,044 3,589 2,853 2,569
1985 8,293 1,524 6,063 10,251 10,986 11,169 11,163 11,072 10,898 10,714 10,133 7,728 4,959 3,671 3,067
1990 10,837 1,816 7,104 12,677 13,642 14,339 15,031 14,920 14,373 13,088 12,194 9,133 5,888 4,387 3,830
1995 12,897 1,991 7,232 14,249 15,853 16,547 18,068 18,732 17,937 16,030 14,147 9,882 6,910 5,120 4,376
1996 13,335 2,051 7,383 14,637 16,387 17,009 18,532 19,496 18,834 16,728 14,670 10,358 6,971 5,605 4,372
1997 14,043 2,243 7,873 15,238 17,150 17,801 19,277 20,325 19,989 17,750 15,762 11,003 7,331 5,638 4,687
1998 14,834 2,435 8,529 16,128 18,133 18,625 20,046 21,484 21,088 18,656 16,606 11,646 7,619 5,968 4,871
1999 15,465 2,519 8,928 16,897 18,823 19,283 20,688 22,265 22,129 19,594 17,168 12,324 8,032 6,245 4,876
2000 16,287 2,638 9,454 17,774 19,893 20,387 21,536 23,202 23,074 20,664 17,993 12,876 8,472 6,459 4,947
2001 17,037 2,649 9,536 18,341 20,736 21,114 22,222 24,035 24,149 21,797 18,733 14,055 9,214 7,117 5,200
2002 17,461 2,613 9,333 18,533 21,203 21,678 22,775 24,401 25,082 22,842 19,582 15,028 9,779 7,552 5,343
2003 17,845 2,554 9,367 18,674 21,750 22,317 23,192 24,933 25,806 23,486 20,506 15,520 10,424 7,947 5,469
2004 18,421 2,637 9,676 19,088 22,375 23,165 23,993 25,670 26,643 24,644 21,393 16,639 10,974 8,211 5,908
2005 18,886 2,693 9,914 19,486 22,876 23,949 24,583 26,051 27,450 25,593 22,290 17,442 11,496 8,609 6,240
2006 19,598 2,761 10,263 20,271 23,695 24,976 25,710 26,833 28,438 26,742 23,793 18,730 12,074 8,954 6,444
2007 20,360 2,843 10,491 20,963 24,729 25,966 26,526 27,736 29,128 27,970 24,978 20,124 12,580 9,676 6,690
2008 21,046 2,874 10,477 21,551 25,464 26,829 27,305 28,538 29,833 29,154 25,870 21,618 13,212 10,253 7,084
2009 21,143 2,781 9,870 21,041 25,409 26,969 27,509 28,469 29,774 29,247 26,513 22,354 13,895 10,244 7,365
2010 21,136 2,681 9,730 20,526 25,310 27,249 28,037 28,643 29,844 29,654 27,091 23,112 14,315 10,400 7,415
2011 21,482 2,685 9,885 20,576 25,675 27,562 28,688 29,315 30,212 30,236 28,196 24,093 15,134 11,151 7,600
2012 21,900 2,755 10,119 20,834 26,069 28,462 29,342 29,952 30,696 30,830 29,118 25,350 16,305 11,447 7,902
2013 22,312 2,858 10,282 21,200 26,605 29,112 30,190 30,665 31,178 31,258 30,105 26,158 16,927 11,940 8,098
2014 22,856 2,957 10,895 21,788 27,198 29,719 30,985 31,649 31,941 32,100 30,602 26,943 17,452 12,161 8,826
2015 b 23,844 3,171 11,691 22,928 28,278 30,947 32,276 33,141 33,269 33,011 31,707 28,641 18,103 12,983 8,982
2016 b 24,551 3,318 12,300 23,778 29,052 31,744 33,150 34,042 33,995 33,419 32,758 29,168 18,829 13,000 9,348
2017 b 25,450 3,425 12,756 24,840 30,180 32,662 34,356 35,332 34,968 34,350 33,303 30,004 20,190 13,952 9,868
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Master Earnings File, 1 percent sample.
NOTES: The amount of median earnings includes estimates above the taxable maximum.
Age refers to age attained during year.
. . . = not applicable.
a. Earnings of workers attaining age 65 during the year. Workers aged 65 or older not covered under program in that year.
b. Preliminary data.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 4.B7 Number of wage and salary workers, by sex and amount of taxable earnings, 1992–2017 (in thousands)
Year Total Workers with earnings below the taxable maximum (by dollar amount of earnings) Workers with maximum earnings a
1– 9,999 10,000– 19,999 20,000– 29,999 30,000– 39,999 40,000– 49,999 50,000– 59,999 60,000– 69,999 70,000– 79,999 80,000– 89,999 90,000– 99,999 100,000– 109,999 110,000– 119,999 120,000– 127,199 a
  All wage and salary workers
1992 126,000 46,372 29,812 20,699 12,554 7,084 2,422 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7,057
1993 128,100 46,571 29,900 21,134 12,786 7,371 3,325 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7,013
1994 130,100 46,267 29,903 21,482 13,230 7,709 4,310 277 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6,921
1995 132,800 45,781 30,142 22,097 13,853 8,171 4,662 498 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7,597
1996 135,100 45,333 29,832 22,612 14,435 8,706 5,052 1,053 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8,077
1997 137,765 44,407 29,676 23,076 15,243 9,330 5,523 2,106 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8,405
1998 140,386 43,260 29,360 23,586 16,095 10,062 6,008 3,268 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8,747
1999 142,703 42,682 28,975 23,861 16,763 10,546 6,456 3,974 856 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8,589
2000 146,097 42,214 28,443 24,306 17,384 11,330 7,056 4,439 1,994 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8,933
2001 146,596 41,296 27,746 23,983 17,661 11,776 7,462 4,730 3,151 177 . . . . . . . . . . . . 8,614
2002 145,793 40,873 26,910 23,495 17,607 11,853 7,662 4,957 3,329 1,266 . . . . . . . . . . . . 7,840
2003 145,101 40,165 26,247 22,988 17,541 11,996 7,794 5,173 3,467 1,821 . . . . . . . . . . . . 7,909
2004 146,662 39,515 25,914 22,822 17,672 12,370 8,221 5,571 3,767 2,213 . . . . . . . . . . . . 8,597
2005 148,530 39,134 25,683 22,867 17,910 12,719 8,559 5,821 3,972 2,878 . . . . . . . . . . . . 8,987
2006 150,787 38,672 25,237 22,742 18,210 13,162 9,002 6,243 4,309 3,018 1,102 . . . . . . . . . 9,090
2007 152,474 38,072 24,892 22,546 18,298 13,445 9,436 6,598 4,592 3,267 1,950 . . . . . . . . . 9,378
2008 152,225 37,171 24,415 22,024 18,178 13,426 9,649 6,804 4,822 3,491 2,536 534 . . . . . . 9,175
2009 147,375 36,578 23,767 20,990 17,322 12,787 9,263 6,528 4,704 3,432 2,494 1,428 . . . . . . 8,081
2010 146,734 36,162 23,815 20,549 17,005 12,703 9,222 6,622 4,747 3,430 2,580 1,440 . . . . . . 8,459
2011 147,734 35,210 23,987 20,620 16,992 12,821 9,353 6,779 4,916 3,607 2,679 1,522 . . . . . . 9,248
2012 149,790 34,928 24,019 20,754 17,189 13,097 9,609 6,956 5,121 3,788 2,839 2,251 . . . . . . 9,239
2013 152,244 34,916 24,130 20,906 17,477 13,355 9,915 7,142 5,330 3,926 2,964 2,999 . . . . . . 9,184
2014 154,301 34,160 24,164 20,980 17,715 13,604 10,257 7,450 5,571 4,118 3,140 2,407 1,390 . . . 9,345
2015 b 157,108 33,453 24,094 21,123 18,059 14,061 10,597 7,816 5,892 4,389 3,321 2,573 1,794 . . . 9,936
2016 b 159,848 33,253 23,881 21,644 18,509 14,521 10,948 8,132 6,019 4,537 3,448 2,662 1,848 . . . 10,446
2017 b 161,986 32,805 23,446 21,583 18,684 14,804 11,398 8,502 6,346 4,758 3,650 2,823 2,142 1,394 9,651
  Men
1992 66,543 20,640 13,773 11,128 8,069 5,109 1,868 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5,955
1993 67,673 20,834 13,875 11,270 8,074 5,224 2,527 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5,869
1994 68,481 20,444 13,836 11,360 8,211 5,372 3,243 222 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5,794
1995 69,901 20,223 13,865 11,653 8,448 5,587 3,444 388 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6,292
1996 70,670 19,771 13,491 11,791 8,667 5,838 3,672 800 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6,641
1997 71,910 19,352 13,199 11,864 8,957 6,162 3,932 1,582 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6,862
1998 73,111 18,800 12,868 11,946 9,297 6,520 4,199 2,406 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7,074
1999 74,376 18,635 12,595 11,942 9,565 6,711 4,456 2,895 642 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6,936
2000 76,033 18,468 12,241 11,958 9,755 7,070 4,734 3,170 1,474 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7,163
2001 76,303 18,298 11,985 11,629 9,763 7,170 4,907 3,268 2,284 136 . . . . . . . . . . . . 6,862
2002 75,711 18,291 11,693 11,258 9,612 7,065 4,925 3,341 2,372 937 . . . . . . . . . . . . 6,217
2003 75,200 17,972 11,396 10,993 9,475 7,072 4,921 3,425 2,428 1,308 . . . . . . . . . . . . 6,210
2004 75,910 17,632 11,236 10,812 9,423 7,216 5,111 3,659 2,588 1,562 . . . . . . . . . . . . 6,670
2005 76,758 17,385 11,032 10,820 9,462 7,378 5,273 3,778 2,677 2,026 . . . . . . . . . . . . 6,926
2006 77,820 17,205 10,773 10,629 9,524 7,527 5,458 4,003 2,869 2,068 788 . . . . . . . . . 6,976
2007 78,612 17,025 10,663 10,398 9,450 7,556 5,634 4,144 3,001 2,233 1,367 . . . . . . . . . 7,139
2008 78,444 16,860 10,428 10,147 9,278 7,387 5,652 4,188 3,107 2,315 1,746 377 . . . . . . 6,960
2009 75,522 16,965 10,251 9,607 8,667 6,907 5,285 3,910 2,961 2,229 1,667 986 . . . . . . 6,087
2010 75,164 16,740 10,240 9,410 8,494 6,847 5,242 3,990 2,944 2,225 1,723 991 . . . . . . 6,318
2011 75,914 16,204 10,355 9,491 8,480 6,928 5,319 4,053 3,041 2,336 1,779 1,048 . . . . . . 6,879
2012 77,090 15,999 10,350 9,589 8,585 7,077 5,453 4,137 3,168 2,436 1,872 1,555 . . . . . . 6,870
2013 78,446 15,968 10,404 9,690 8,701 7,219 5,630 4,219 3,286 2,518 1,942 2,050 . . . . . . 6,821
2014 79,440 15,473 10,335 9,665 8,825 7,320 5,825 4,400 3,428 2,624 2,047 1,624 964 . . . 6,910
2015 b 80,827 15,187 10,275 9,694 8,935 7,530 5,974 4,579 3,578 2,730 2,144 1,700 1,220 . . . 7,281
2016 b 82,111 15,150 10,200 9,851 9,136 7,725 6,140 4,742 3,597 2,807 2,202 1,742 1,236 . . . 7,583
2017 b 83,114 14,946 9,964 9,740 9,115 7,819 6,357 4,925 3,788 2,932 2,311 1,841 1,417 942 7,017
  Women
1992 59,457 25,732 16,039 9,571 4,485 1,975 554 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,103
1993 60,427 25,737 16,026 9,864 4,712 2,147 798 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,144
1994 61,619 25,823 16,068 10,122 5,020 2,337 1,067 55 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,127
1995 62,900 25,558 16,277 10,444 5,405 2,584 1,217 110 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,305
1996 64,429 25,563 16,341 10,819 5,768 2,868 1,380 253 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,437
1997 65,855 25,054 16,477 11,211 6,285 3,169 1,591 524 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,543
1998 67,275 24,460 16,492 11,640 6,798 3,541 1,808 862 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,673
1999 68,327 24,048 16,380 11,919 7,199 3,835 2,000 1,079 214 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,652
2000 70,064 23,745 16,203 12,348 7,630 4,260 2,321 1,268 519 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,770
2001 70,293 22,997 15,761 12,354 7,898 4,606 2,555 1,462 867 41 . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,752
2002 70,082 22,581 15,218 12,237 7,995 4,788 2,737 1,617 958 329 . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,624
2003 69,901 22,193 14,852 11,995 8,066 4,924 2,873 1,748 1,038 513 . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,699
2004 70,752 21,884 14,678 12,010 8,249 5,154 3,110 1,912 1,179 650 . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,926
2005 71,772 21,749 14,650 12,047 8,448 5,341 3,286 2,042 1,295 852 . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,061
2006 72,967 21,467 14,464 12,113 8,686 5,634 3,544 2,240 1,439 950 314 . . . . . . . . . 2,115
2007 73,862 21,047 14,229 12,147 8,848 5,888 3,802 2,454 1,591 1,034 583 . . . . . . . . . 2,239
2008 73,781 20,311 13,987 11,878 8,900 6,039 3,996 2,616 1,714 1,176 791 157 . . . . . . 2,216
2009 71,853 19,612 13,516 11,383 8,656 5,881 3,978 2,618 1,743 1,203 827 442 . . . . . . 1,994
2010 71,570 19,422 13,575 11,139 8,512 5,855 3,981 2,631 1,804 1,205 857 449 . . . . . . 2,141
2011 71,820 19,005 13,632 11,129 8,512 5,893 4,034 2,726 1,874 1,271 900 473 . . . . . . 2,369
2012 72,700 18,929 13,669 11,165 8,604 6,020 4,156 2,820 1,953 1,352 968 696 . . . . . . 2,369
2013 73,798 18,948 13,726 11,216 8,776 6,136 4,285 2,923 2,044 1,409 1,023 950 . . . . . . 2,363
2014 74,861 18,687 13,829 11,315 8,890 6,284 4,432 3,050 2,143 1,494 1,093 783 426 . . . 2,435
2015 b 76,281 18,266 13,819 11,429 9,124 6,531 4,623 3,237 2,314 1,659 1,177 873 574 . . . 2,655
2016 b 77,737 18,103 13,681 11,793 9,373 6,796 4,808 3,390 2,422 1,730 1,246 920 612 . . . 2,863
2017 b 78,872 17,859 13,482 11,843 9,569 6,985 5,041 3,577 2,558 1,826 1,339 982 725 452 2,634
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Master Earnings File, 1 percent sample.
NOTES: Taxable earnings consist of self-employment income and taxable wages.
Totals do not necessarily equal the sum of rounded components.
. . . = not applicable.
a. Subject to revision.
b. Preliminary data.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 4.B8 Number of self-employed workers, by sex and age, selected years 1951–2017 (in thousands)
Year Total, all ages Under 20 20–24 25–29 30–34 35–39 40–44 45–49 50–54 55–59 60–61 62–64 65–69 70–71 72 or older
  All self-employed workers
1951 4,190 6 71 246 414 543 592 565 503 462 164 215 237 55 117
1955 6,810 18 114 362 600 757 865 874 790 737 290 441 497 143 322
1960 6,870 19 133 305 560 743 848 929 918 846 316 452 414 101 286
1965 6,550 31 143 292 452 664 814 870 913 885 328 411 388 92 267
1970 6,270 33 159 348 476 581 729 808 837 839 327 407 388 94 244
1975 7,000 67 302 581 679 700 731 813 869 823 317 382 393 95 248
1980 8,200 78 380 824 1,052 983 869 812 851 852 307 381 419 112 280
1985 10,600 112 527 1,099 1,488 1,522 1,261 1,030 930 929 368 434 455 124 321
1990 12,500 152 529 1,123 1,663 1,854 1,736 1,377 1,113 980 381 487 567 150 389
1991 12,800 136 521 1,105 1,697 1,897 1,818 1,474 1,170 998 388 486 561 158 391
1992 13,100 137 509 1,093 1,678 1,951 1,864 1,589 1,243 1,018 382 484 576 166 410
1993 13,200 131 488 1,029 1,650 1,956 1,892 1,647 1,325 1,047 375 481 589 164 426
1994 13,300 140 473 989 1,624 1,936 1,945 1,726 1,357 1,070 375 482 580 164 437
1995 13,500 143 482 1,005 1,612 1,960 1,964 1,808 1,393 1,097 385 467 574 166 445
1996 13,900 147 490 1,036 1,614 2,013 2,035 1,873 1,471 1,144 404 475 575 164 458
1997 14,020 151 498 1,030 1,548 1,978 2,053 1,874 1,555 1,203 402 485 592 169 483
1998 14,230 162 510 1,045 1,524 1,963 2,092 1,885 1,616 1,265 415 493 590 178 492
1999 14,500 171 535 1,040 1,521 1,965 2,088 1,969 1,684 1,322 420 514 595 174 502
2000 14,675 173 554 1,016 1,495 1,948 2,093 2,014 1,785 1,345 443 522 591 180 515
2001 14,930 173 598 1,036 1,526 1,907 2,113 2,042 1,825 1,421 457 526 610 178 519
2002 15,858 175 700 1,112 1,626 1,898 2,191 2,158 1,911 1,578 537 585 651 172 564
2003 15,969 176 703 1,123 1,638 1,915 2,209 2,177 1,924 1,588 541 587 652 173 565
2004 16,496 189 747 1,194 1,643 1,948 2,236 2,228 1,992 1,684 533 649 691 183 580
2005 17,098 211 815 1,281 1,662 2,013 2,256 2,283 2,066 1,764 528 691 739 194 595
2006 17,724 215 871 1,379 1,665 2,085 2,255 2,353 2,147 1,848 580 721 780 212 612
2007 18,214 226 929 1,452 1,719 2,115 2,232 2,388 2,210 1,856 680 727 825 218 638
2008 17,973 218 931 1,491 1,699 2,055 2,135 2,326 2,168 1,835 673 727 855 216 644
2009 17,901 198 904 1,473 1,711 1,997 2,124 2,286 2,167 1,874 638 806 852 221 650
2010 17,944 193 951 1,509 1,778 1,933 2,131 2,239 2,162 1,873 645 830 852 220 626
2011 18,533 191 996 1,554 1,838 1,929 2,156 2,217 2,203 1,964 663 896 968 252 706
2012 18,651 188 967 1,534 1,862 1,907 2,145 2,156 2,194 2,011 709 887 1,052 277 761
2013 18,810 199 991 1,542 1,887 1,921 2,112 2,119 2,188 2,049 710 909 1,093 303 788
2014 19,285 207 1,017 1,636 1,954 1,994 2,104 2,140 2,174 2,074 739 952 1,155 302 836
2015 a 19,432 203 1,022 1,681 2,014 2,042 2,028 2,129 2,155 2,066 757 974 1,190 296 875
2016 a 19,587 201 1,018 1,705 2,026 2,079 2,005 2,133 2,135 2,074 763 996 1,217 332 904
2017 a 19,615 208 1,026 1,693 2,018 2,114 1,981 2,090 2,050 2,059 767 1,028 1,243 388 951
  Men
1951 3,620 5 61 219 370 478 519 479 430 393 139 179 204 47 97
1955 5,980 16 104 335 555 687 773 773 679 631 247 373 420 122 265
1960 5,990 16 119 284 515 678 757 812 793 709 260 386 348 83 230
1965 5,640 26 127 263 410 598 714 759 772 742 272 339 326 75 217
1970 5,370 28 136 306 422 522 642 699 712 695 268 324 320 77 201
1975 5,790 57 251 479 564 584 619 680 715 672 255 309 326 78 201
1980 6,407 60 305 639 793 752 672 641 681 668 244 301 333 92 226
1985 7,623 79 378 782 1,060 1,058 873 730 674 686 278 328 351 97 249
1990 8,525 103 346 746 1,112 1,241 1,148 914 762 693 270 355 424 116 295
1991 8,668 92 341 726 1,109 1,268 1,204 976 793 699 273 350 418 119 299
1992 8,798 89 330 714 1,090 1,289 1,228 1,041 830 706 271 344 427 126 312
1993 8,840 89 310 674 1,075 1,290 1,241 1,078 885 713 261 341 436 125 322
1994 8,839 89 309 638 1,053 1,269 1,268 1,127 890 723 263 333 423 122 331
1995 8,908 97 305 648 1,030 1,271 1,281 1,170 906 735 269 325 413 124 335
1996 9,074 94 306 658 1,021 1,281 1,322 1,200 954 754 276 328 415 119 346
1997 9,078 98 311 638 975 1,245 1,313 1,197 997 788 275 334 420 122 365
1998 9,109 98 314 641 947 1,217 1,326 1,188 1,033 819 275 338 415 130 368
1999 9,225 107 319 632 948 1,207 1,314 1,240 1,063 844 279 352 415 127 377
2000 9,277 106 328 604 913 1,193 1,310 1,268 1,128 856 294 348 415 130 383
2001 9,354 102 345 613 912 1,163 1,320 1,280 1,145 893 297 349 426 129 379
2002 9,778 109 395 636 955 1,147 1,333 1,331 1,187 983 338 380 445 124 415
2003 9,860 109 397 645 964 1,160 1,347 1,346 1,195 990 341 381 446 125 416
2004 10,088 111 410 682 951 1,165 1,343 1,373 1,233 1,045 338 417 471 128 423
2005 10,395 126 448 722 958 1,185 1,352 1,398 1,272 1,093 328 441 500 139 433
2006 10,705 125 470 777 954 1,204 1,343 1,433 1,317 1,147 359 458 524 152 442
2007 10,891 133 497 802 970 1,214 1,324 1,433 1,348 1,132 422 454 547 153 462
2008 10,591 121 480 806 946 1,155 1,248 1,373 1,305 1,110 422 452 560 150 462
2009 10,405 107 442 772 932 1,106 1,217 1,336 1,302 1,127 394 495 553 152 469
2010 10,399 102 461 762 947 1,069 1,219 1,308 1,308 1,148 394 522 554 152 454
2011 10,572 102 465 770 968 1,041 1,201 1,282 1,309 1,182 398 561 623 169 500
2012 10,593 102 452 748 965 1,023 1,182 1,245 1,289 1,210 431 549 675 182 539
2013 10,647 109 466 758 967 1,020 1,166 1,209 1,280 1,226 433 554 705 201 555
2014 10,880 119 485 796 1,004 1,056 1,142 1,212 1,266 1,237 454 581 740 202 586
2015 a 10,894 114 495 825 1,026 1,069 1,104 1,198 1,240 1,215 460 597 755 193 603
2016 a 10,937 114 507 840 1,028 1,075 1,079 1,187 1,215 1,221 458 606 769 218 620
2017 a 10,831 114 513 821 997 1,083 1,054 1,137 1,165 1,191 456 623 780 252 645
  Women
1951 570 1 10 27 44 65 73 86 73 69 25 36 33 8 20
1955 830 2 10 27 45 70 92 101 111 106 43 68 77 21 57
1960 880 3 14 21 45 65 91 117 125 137 56 66 67 18 55
1965 910 5 16 29 42 66 100 111 141 143 56 72 62 17 50
1970 900 5 23 42 54 59 87 109 125 144 59 65 68 17 43
1975 1,210 10 51 102 115 116 112 133 154 151 62 73 67 17 47
1980 1,793 18 75 185 259 231 197 171 170 184 63 80 86 20 54
1985 2,977 33 149 317 428 464 388 300 256 243 90 106 104 27 72
1990 3,975 49 183 377 551 613 588 463 350 287 111 132 142 34 94
1991 4,131 44 180 378 588 629 614 499 376 299 115 136 143 39 92
1992 4,302 48 179 380 588 662 636 548 413 312 110 140 148 39 98
1993 4,360 41 178 355 575 666 651 569 440 334 114 140 153 39 104
1994 4,460 51 164 352 572 667 677 599 468 346 112 148 157 42 105
1995 4,592 46 177 357 582 689 683 638 487 362 116 142 161 42 109
1996 4,826 54 183 377 594 733 713 673 517 390 128 147 160 45 112
1997 4,942 54 188 392 572 733 739 676 558 415 128 151 172 47 118
1998 5,121 65 196 404 577 746 767 697 583 445 140 155 175 48 124
1999 5,276 64 216 408 573 757 773 729 621 478 141 162 180 47 126
2000 5,398 68 226 412 582 754 783 747 657 489 148 173 176 50 132
2001 5,576 71 253 423 614 744 793 762 680 528 160 177 184 49 139
2002 6,080 66 305 475 671 751 858 827 724 595 199 205 206 48 148
2003 6,109 67 305 478 675 755 862 831 729 598 200 206 206 49 149
2004 6,408 77 338 512 692 784 893 855 758 640 195 232 220 55 157
2005 6,703 85 367 560 704 828 904 885 795 672 201 250 238 54 162
2006 7,019 90 401 602 711 880 912 920 830 701 221 264 256 60 170
2007 7,323 93 432 650 749 901 908 956 861 724 257 273 278 65 176
2008 7,382 96 451 686 753 900 886 953 863 725 252 275 295 66 181
2009 7,496 91 462 701 779 891 907 949 865 747 244 311 299 69 181
2010 7,545 91 490 748 831 864 912 932 854 725 251 308 298 68 173
2011 7,961 90 530 784 869 888 956 934 894 782 265 335 345 83 206
2012 8,058 87 515 786 896 884 963 912 905 802 278 339 377 95 222
2013 8,163 90 525 784 920 901 946 909 908 823 277 355 388 102 233
2014 8,405 88 532 840 951 938 962 928 908 837 285 372 415 100 250
2015 a 8,538 90 527 856 988 973 925 931 915 852 297 377 435 103 272
2016 a 8,650 87 511 866 998 1,004 926 946 920 853 304 390 448 114 284
2017 a 8,784 94 513 872 1,022 1,030 928 953 885 868 311 405 463 136 305
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Master Earnings File, 1 percent sample.
NOTES: Age refers to age attained during year.
Totals do not necessarily equal the sum of rounded components.
a. Preliminary data.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 4.B9 Number of self-employed workers, by sex and amount of taxable earnings, 1992–2017 (in thousands)
Year Total Workers with earnings below the taxable maximum (by dollar amount of earnings) Workers with maximum earnings a
1– 9,999 10,000– 19,999 20,000– 29,999 30,000– 39,999 40,000– 49,999 50,000– 59,999 60,000– 69,999 70,000– 79,999 80,000– 89,999 90,000– 99,999 100,000– 109,999 110,000– 119,999 120,000– 127,199 a
  All self-employed workers
1992 13,098 6,039 2,755 1,576 971 612 308 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 839
1993 13,202 6,015 2,776 1,570 990 633 388 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 828
1994 13,297 5,886 2,832 1,586 1,019 645 426 92 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 814
1995 13,499 5,909 2,882 1,604 1,044 678 444 116 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 822
1996 13,900 5,979 2,964 1,650 1,092 713 471 176 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 854
1997 14,019 5,911 2,966 1,670 1,100 737 489 278 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 869
1998 14,237 5,835 3,010 1,717 1,157 777 505 387 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 848
1999 14,499 5,745 3,075 1,756 1,191 804 535 384 162 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 848
2000 14,672 5,592 3,019 1,730 1,189 811 560 399 269 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,104
2001 14,930 5,625 3,123 1,741 1,186 834 584 400 314 82 . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,042
2002 15,249 5,810 3,305 1,777 1,202 850 601 426 305 197 . . . . . . . . . . . . 776
2003 15,969 6,018 3,489 1,852 1,254 899 641 441 327 250 . . . . . . . . . . . . 798
2004 16,496 6,065 3,639 1,919 1,277 950 672 472 350 300 . . . . . . . . . . . . 852
2005 17,098 6,087 3,745 2,006 1,372 990 724 508 375 388 . . . . . . . . . . . . 902
2006 17,724 6,172 3,914 2,078 1,414 1,033 752 555 410 312 202 . . . . . . . . . 884
2007 18,214 6,389 4,016 2,088 1,409 1,044 780 577 423 329 294 . . . . . . . . . 863
2008 17,973 6,264 4,094 2,015 1,342 993 757 562 425 327 251 137 . . . . . . 806
2009 17,901 6,580 4,137 1,905 1,268 935 690 529 383 308 237 214 . . . . . . 713
2010 17,944 6,590 4,278 1,862 1,256 913 679 507 395 295 235 212 . . . . . . 720
2011 18,533 6,531 4,467 1,980 1,326 967 730 542 414 321 249 229 . . . . . . 777
2012 18,651 6,349 4,478 2,017 1,342 991 752 571 428 333 269 308 . . . . . . 813
2013 18,810 6,318 4,531 2,038 1,353 988 757 585 451 331 269 376 . . . . . . 813
2014 19,285 6,220 4,715 2,130 1,401 1,047 800 603 458 368 282 231 230 . . . 800
2015 b 19,432 6,052 4,780 2,163 1,468 1,090 823 627 489 370 294 247 265 . . . 764
2016 b 19,587 6,054 4,775 2,190 1,489 1,121 835 654 501 387 306 243 259 . . . 773
2017 b 19,615 5,952 4,794 2,219 1,461 1,089 860 650 513 381 315 248 197 217 719
  Men
1992 8,795 3,497 1,936 1,145 746 485 252 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 734
1993 8,841 3,482 1,927 1,141 760 500 316 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 715
1994 8,839 3,331 1,958 1,153 772 503 340 77 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 705
1995 8,908 3,329 1,964 1,152 782 521 356 96 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 708
1996 9,075 3,313 1,997 1,176 807 545 367 141 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 729
1997 9,077 3,233 1,980 1,171 796 559 381 223 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 735
1998 9,116 3,150 1,955 1,189 831 584 389 309 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 710
1999 9,224 3,066 1,972 1,202 848 591 409 299 129 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 709
2000 9,277 2,944 1,908 1,159 830 585 415 304 211 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 920
2001 9,354 2,947 1,934 1,159 812 596 423 305 247 66 . . . . . . . . . . . . 865
2002 9,442 3,048 2,024 1,175 823 594 439 310 231 155 . . . . . . . . . . . . 643
2003 9,860 3,158 2,103 1,228 853 637 461 324 248 194 . . . . . . . . . . . . 654
2004 10,088 3,152 2,144 1,252 868 663 480 346 260 230 . . . . . . . . . . . . 694
2005 10,395 3,148 2,166 1,297 920 687 511 368 276 295 . . . . . . . . . . . . 727
2006 10,705 3,175 2,216 1,329 935 709 524 400 301 231 157 . . . . . . . . . 726
2007 10,891 3,283 2,241 1,323 916 703 539 404 307 243 225 . . . . . . . . . 705
2008 10,591 3,196 2,213 1,266 860 654 522 389 302 237 188 105 . . . . . . 659
2009 10,405 3,364 2,203 1,182 802 611 469 364 270 223 173 159 . . . . . . 585
2010 10,399 3,358 2,241 1,171 802 606 452 352 278 215 175 159 . . . . . . 590
2011 10,572 3,229 2,263 1,240 844 627 491 369 289 232 183 175 . . . . . . 630
2012 10,593 3,123 2,230 1,240 854 645 499 387 295 239 194 230 . . . . . . 656
2013 10,647 3,107 2,240 1,244 854 632 503 396 310 233 197 279 . . . . . . 651
2014 10,880 3,062 2,296 1,296 880 670 519 410 314 255 200 167 172 . . . 639
2015 b 10,894 2,982 2,315 1,302 904 694 523 422 331 245 205 175 192 . . . 604
2016 b 10,937 2,984 2,303 1,312 920 691 530 427 333 259 210 171 190 . . . 607
2017 b 10,831 2,921 2,270 1,313 876 664 535 416 336 254 215 172 137 159 563
  Women
1992 4,303 2,541 819 431 225 127 55 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
1993 4,361 2,534 849 429 230 133 73 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
1994 4,458 2,553 873 435 246 142 85 15 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
1995 4,591 2,581 918 452 261 157 88 20 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
1996 4,825 2,666 967 475 285 168 104 35 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
1997 4,942 2,679 986 499 303 178 108 55 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
1998 5,121 2,686 1,056 528 327 193 116 78 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
1999 5,276 2,679 1,103 554 343 212 126 85 33 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
2000 5,395 2,646 1,111 570 359 226 145 95 58 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184
2001 5,576 2,677 1,189 581 374 238 161 95 67 17 . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
2002 5,807 2,762 1,281 602 379 256 162 116 74 42 . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
2003 6,109 2,861 1,385 625 401 262 180 117 79 55 . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
2004 6,408 2,913 1,495 667 409 288 192 126 90 70 . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
2005 6,703 2,939 1,579 709 452 303 213 140 99 93 . . . . . . . . . . . . 175
2006 7,019 2,997 1,698 748 478 324 228 154 108 80 44 . . . . . . . . . 158
2007 7,323 3,105 1,775 765 493 342 241 173 116 86 69 . . . . . . . . . 158
2008 7,382 3,068 1,881 749 482 339 235 173 122 91 63 32 . . . . . . 147
2009 7,496 3,216 1,934 724 466 324 221 166 113 84 65 55 . . . . . . 127
2010 7,545 3,232 2,038 691 454 307 227 155 117 81 60 54 . . . . . . 131
2011 7,961 3,302 2,204 739 482 340 239 173 126 89 66 55 . . . . . . 147
2012 8,058 3,226 2,248 777 488 346 253 183 133 94 75 78 . . . . . . 158
2013 8,163 3,211 2,291 794 499 355 254 189 141 98 72 97 . . . . . . 162
2014 8,405 3,158 2,419 834 521 377 281 193 144 113 82 64 58 . . . 161
2015 b 8,538 3,070 2,465 861 564 396 300 205 158 125 89 72 73 . . . 160
2016 b 8,650 3,070 2,472 878 569 430 305 227 168 128 96 72 69 . . . 166
2017 b 8,784 3,031 2,524 906 585 425 325 234 177 127 100 76 60 58 156
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Master Earnings File, 1 percent sample.
NOTES: Taxable earnings consist of self-employment income and taxable wages.
Totals do not necessarily equal the sum of rounded components.
. . . = not applicable.
a. Subject to revision.
b. Preliminary data.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 4.B10 Number of workers with Social Security (OASDI) taxable earnings, amount taxable, and contributions, by state or other area and type of earnings, 2017
State or area a Number b (thousands) Taxable earnings c (millions of dollars) OASDI contributions d (millions of dollars)
Total Wage and salary Self- employed Total Wage and salary Self- employed Total Wage and salary Self- employed
All areas 173,010 161,986 19,615 6,997,734 6,631,100 366,634 867,719 822,256 45,463
Alabama 2,441 2,304 253 87,563 83,387 4,176 10,858 10,340 518
Alaska 389 366 44 15,775 14,860 914 1,956 1,843 113
Arizona 3,456 3,256 363 133,031 126,931 6,099 16,496 15,739 756
Arkansas 1,507 1,412 169 50,303 47,734 2,569 6,238 5,919 319
California 19,403 17,782 2,641 862,423 807,310 55,113 106,940 100,106 6,834
Colorado 3,006 2,792 383 126,738 119,057 7,681 15,715 14,763 952
Connecticut 2,011 1,877 234 94,347 88,090 6,257 11,699 10,923 776
Delaware 532 510 44 22,079 21,224 855 2,738 2,632 106
District of Columbia 425 403 46 23,661 22,340 1,322 2,934 2,770 164
Florida 10,698 9,870 1,411 387,639 367,446 20,193 48,067 45,563 2,504
Georgia 5,381 5,032 632 203,634 193,883 9,751 25,251 24,042 1,209
Hawaii 789 734 91 32,585 30,705 1,880 4,041 3,807 233
Idaho 914 858 100 30,991 29,260 1,731 3,843 3,628 215
Illinois 6,806 6,393 759 280,846 267,319 13,526 34,825 33,148 1,677
Indiana 3,733 3,567 328 138,049 132,432 5,618 17,118 16,422 697
Iowa 1,810 1,712 194 68,037 64,572 3,465 8,437 8,007 430
Kansas 1,617 1,527 172 61,206 57,821 3,385 7,590 7,170 420
Kentucky 2,274 2,148 229 77,885 74,362 3,523 9,658 9,221 437
Louisiana 2,215 2,067 267 79,147 74,731 4,416 9,814 9,267 548
Maine 737 681 96 25,555 23,788 1,766 3,169 2,950 219
Maryland 3,405 3,219 356 166,395 159,339 7,056 20,633 19,758 875
Massachusetts 3,744 3,493 436 178,666 168,866 9,800 22,155 20,939 1,215
Michigan 5,342 5,052 547 208,784 199,265 9,519 25,889 24,709 1,180
Minnesota 3,334 3,163 338 143,425 136,817 6,607 17,785 16,965 819
Mississippi 1,465 1,373 178 47,769 44,993 2,776 5,923 5,579 344
Missouri 3,252 3,075 336 116,864 111,176 5,689 14,491 13,786 705
Montana 654 615 70 21,029 19,704 1,325 2,608 2,443 164
Nebraska 1,157 1,095 121 43,035 40,811 2,225 5,336 5,061 276
Nevada 1,425 1,339 153 51,485 48,753 2,732 6,384 6,045 339
New Hampshire 826 773 87 37,093 34,789 2,304 4,600 4,314 286
New Jersey 5,060 4,755 555 247,149 233,691 13,459 30,647 28,978 1,669
New Mexico 998 942 98 34,529 32,930 1,599 4,282 4,083 198
New York 10,889 10,154 1,313 488,403 462,818 25,585 60,562 57,389 3,173
North Carolina 5,381 5,067 576 201,681 192,208 9,473 25,008 23,834 1,175
North Dakota 462 437 54 18,580 17,366 1,214 2,304 2,153 151
Ohio 5,976 5,618 619 218,503 207,771 10,732 27,094 25,764 1,331
Oklahoma 2,008 1,891 214 70,949 67,619 3,330 8,798 8,385 413
Oregon 2,217 2,078 240 89,079 84,118 4,961 11,046 10,431 615
Pennsylvania 7,046 6,687 675 290,957 277,881 13,076 36,079 34,457 1,621
Rhode Island 610 578 62 24,920 23,685 1,236 3,090 2,937 153
South Carolina 2,607 2,473 257 93,844 89,754 4,090 11,637 11,130 507
South Dakota 581 549 64 19,504 18,251 1,253 2,419 2,263 155
Tennessee 3,583 3,339 433 130,718 121,234 9,484 16,209 15,033 1,176
Texas 13,826 12,814 1,751 553,618 521,719 31,899 68,649 64,693 3,955
Utah 1,667 1,599 156 62,388 59,968 2,420 7,736 7,436 300
Vermont 389 365 46 14,579 13,772 807 1,808 1,708 100
Virginia 4,713 4,468 474 213,312 204,374 8,938 26,451 25,342 1,108
Washington 4,053 3,840 381 190,357 181,640 8,717 23,604 22,523 1,081
West Virginia 858 818 72 29,982 28,626 1,357 3,718 3,550 168
Wisconsin 3,360 3,209 288 132,103 126,914 5,189 16,381 15,737 643
Wyoming 330 312 38 12,533 11,839 694 1,554 1,468 86
Outlying area  
Puerto Rico 1,063 983 105 24,636 23,070 1,566 3,055 2,861 194
Other and unknown e 583 522 66 19,370 18,084 1,286 2,402 2,242 159
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Continuous Work History Sample, 1 percent sample.
NOTES: Data are based on preliminary estimates.
OASDI = Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance.
a. Most state assignments are based on end-of-year residence obtained from electronically filed employer wage reports; the remainder are based on location of employer from reports filed on paper.
b. Workers with earnings in both wage and salary employment and self-employment are counted in each type of employment but only once in the total. National and state totals and subtotals are unduplicated counts of workers in each type of employment.
c. Includes Social Security taxable wages as reported by employers and Social Security taxable self-employment income as reported by self-employed workers. Annual maximum taxable earnings for Social Security (OASDI) from a single employer or from self-employment were $127,200 in 2017. Totals do not necessarily equal the sum of rounded components.
d. For 2017 earnings, paid at the rate of 6.2 percent of taxable wages by both employees and employers, 6.2 percent of taxable tips by employees, and 12.4 percent of self-employment income by self-employed workers. Data are unadjusted for multi-employer tax refunds. Totals do not necessarily equal the sum of rounded components.
e. Persons employed in American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, and U.S. Virgin Islands; U.S. citizens employed abroad by U.S. employers; persons employed on U.S. oceanborne vessels; and workers with unknown residence.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 4.B11 Number of workers with Social Security (OASDI) taxable earnings, amount taxable, and contributions, by type of earnings, selected years 1937–2018
Year Number a (thousands) Taxable earnings b (millions of dollars) OASDI contributions c,d (millions of dollars)
Total Wage and salary Self- employed Total Wage and salary Self- employed Total Wage and salary Self- employed
1937 32,900 32,900 . . . 29,620 29,620 . . . 592 592 . . .
1940 35,390 35,390 . . . 32,970 32,970 . . . 659 659 . . .
1945 46,390 46,390 . . . 62,950 62,950 . . . 1,259 1,259 . . .
1950 48,280 48,280 . . . 87,500 87,500 . . . 2,625 2,625 . . .
1951 58,120 54,630 4,190 120,770 111,250 9,520 3,552 3,338 214
1952 59,580 56,060 4,240 128,640 118,880 9,760 3,786 3,566 220
1953 60,840 57,220 4,340 135,870 125,840 10,030 4,001 3,775 226
1954 59,610 55,940 4,350 133,520 123,410 10,110 5,240 4,936 303
1955 65,200 59,560 6,810 157,540 141,810 15,730 6,144 5,672 472
1956 67,610 61,560 7,390 170,720 153,010 17,710 6,652 6,120 531
1957 70,590 64,730 7,150 181,380 163,990 17,390 7,966 7,380 587
1958 69,770 64,040 7,130 180,720 163,140 17,580 7,935 7,341 593
1959 71,700 66,000 7,060 202,310 183,620 18,690 9,882 9,181 701
1960 72,530 66,980 6,870 207,000 188,580 18,420 12,144 11,315 829
1961 72,820 67,360 6,790 209,640 190,850 18,790 12,297 11,451 846
1962 74,280 68,890 6,720 219,050 200,130 18,920 13,397 12,508 889
1963 75,540 70,310 6,590 225,550 206,840 18,710 16,006 14,996 1,010
1964 77,430 72,230 6,480 236,390 217,430 18,960 16,788 15,764 1,024
1965 80,680 75,430 6,550 250,730 230,830 19,900 17,810 16,735 1,075
1966 84,600 79,460 6,630 312,540 287,860 24,680 23,597 22,165 1,431
1967 87,040 82,020 6,470 329,960 305,670 24,290 25,275 23,842 1,433
1968 89,380 84,470 6,570 375,800 348,500 27,300 28,069 26,486 1,583
1969 92,060 87,200 6,350 402,510 375,010 27,500 33,233 31,501 1,733
1970 93,090 88,180 6,270 415,580 388,680 26,900 34,344 32,649 1,695
1971 93,340 88,460 6,290 426,950 399,550 27,400 38,649 36,759 1,891
1972 96,240 91,220 6,600 484,150 452,050 32,100 43,804 41,589 2,215
1973 99,830 94,610 7,100 561,850 523,450 38,400 53,463 50,775 2,688
1974 101,330 96,190 7,040 636,800 594,400 42,400 61,814 58,846 2,968
1975 100,200 94,900 7,000 664,700 621,100 43,600 64,541 61,489 3,052
1976 102,600 97,230 7,400 737,700 689,200 48,500 71,626 68,231 3,395
1977 105,800 100,450 7,480 816,600 763,600 53,000 79,306 75,596 3,710
1978 110,600 104,810 8,040 915,600 856,100 59,500 90,691 86,466 4,225
1979 112,700 106,900 8,200 1,067,000 997,500 69,500 106,246 101,346 4,900
1980 113,000 107,200 8,200 1,180,700 1,109,000 71,700 117,729 112,674 5,055
1981 113,000 107,300 8,250 1,294,100 1,220,000 74,100 136,468 130,540 5,928
1982 111,800 105,800 8,550 1,365,300 1,290,000 75,300 145,382 139,320 6,062
1983 112,100 105,900 9,200 1,454,100 1,369,000 85,100 154,703 147,852 6,851
1984 116,300 109,900 9,900 1,608,800 1,515,000 93,800 183,403 172,710 10,693
1985 119,800 113,400 10,600 1,722,600 1,621,000 101,600 196,376 184,794 11,582
1986 122,900 115,900 11,200 1,844,400 1,730,800 113,600 210,262 197,311 12,950
1987 125,600 118,200 12,000 1,960,000 1,835,100 124,900 223,440 209,201 14,239
1988 129,600 122,100 12,400 2,088,400 1,952,000 136,400 253,114 236,582 16,532
1989 131,700 123,900 12,900 2,239,500 2,096,000 143,500 271,427 254,035 17,392
1990 133,600 126,100 12,500 2,358,000 2,222,000 136,000 292,392 275,528 16,864
1991 133,000 125,200 12,800 2,422,500 2,283,000 139,500 300,390 283,092 17,298
1992 134,000 126,000 13,100 2,532,900 2,386,000 146,900 314,080 295,864 18,216
1993 136,100 128,100 13,200 2,636,100 2,483,400 152,700 326,876 307,942 18,935
1994 138,200 130,100 13,300 2,785,200 2,624,500 160,700 345,365 325,438 19,927
1995 141,000 132,800 13,500 2,919,100 2,754,300 164,800 361,968 341,533 20,435
1996 143,400 135,100 13,900 3,073,500 2,901,700 171,800 381,114 359,811 21,303
1997 146,145 137,765 14,020 3,285,000 3,104,300 180,700 407,340 384,933 22,407
1998 148,786 140,386 14,230 3,524,900 3,333,700 191,200 437,088 413,379 23,709
1999 151,333 142,703 14,500 3,749,600 3,547,300 202,300 464,950 439,865 25,085
2000 154,732 146,097 14,675 4,008,500 3,798,400 210,100 497,054 471,002 26,052
2001 155,416 146,596 14,930 4,167,900 3,950,100 217,800 516,820 489,812 27,007
2002 154,893 145,793 15,249 4,250,100 4,021,800 228,300 527,012 498,703 28,309
2003 154,576 145,101 15,969 4,355,000 4,114,000 241,000 540,020 510,136 29,884
2004 156,405 146,662 16,496 4,554,500 4,295,900 258,600 564,758 532,692 32,066
2005 158,511 148,530 17,098 4,766,000 4,490,500 275,500 590,984 556,822 34,162
2006 161,052 150,787 17,724 5,043,400 4,751,700 291,700 625,382 589,211 36,171
2007 162,928 152,474 18,214 5,268,200 4,973,300 294,900 653,257 616,689 36,568
2008 162,532 152,225 17,973 5,432,800 5,140,600 292,200 673,667 637,434 36,233
2009 157,940 147,375 17,901 5,271,200 4,985,700 285,500 653,629 618,227 35,402
2010 157,329 146,734 17,944 5,307,100 5,021,200 285,900 658,080 622,629 35,452
2011 158,674 147,734 18,533 5,485,500 5,176,900 308,600 680,202 641,936 38,266
2012 160,775 149,790 18,651 5,706,500 5,381,300 325,200 707,606 667,281 40,325
2013 163,236 152,244 18,810 5,908,600 5,577,300 331,300 732,666 691,585 41,081
2014 165,429 154,301 19,285 6,178,700 5,834,200 344,500 766,159 723,441 42,718
2015 e 168,276 157,108 19,432 6,478,200 6,126,900 351,300 803,297 759,736 43,561
2016 e 170,964 159,848 19,587 6,662,400 6,307,100 355,300 826,138 782,080 44,057
2017 f 173,010 161,986 19,615 6,997,734 6,631,100 366,634 867,719 822,256 45,463
2018 g 175,999 164,781 20,005 7,290,801 6,908,534 382,267 904,059 856,658 47,401
SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Master Earnings File, 1 percent sample; Bureau of Economic Analysis; and Bureau of Labor Statistics.
NOTES: Totals do not necessarily equal the sum of rounded components.
OASDI = Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance; . . . = not applicable.
a. Workers with earnings in both wage and salary employment and self-employment are counted in each type of employment but only once in the total.
b. Includes Social Security taxable wages as reported by employers and Social Security taxable self-employment income as reported by self-employed workers. See Table 2.A3 for annual maximum taxable earnings.
c. See Table 2.A3 for contribution rates.
d. Data are unadjusted for multi-employer tax refunds. Unadjusted for tax credits. See Table 2.A5 for information on tax credits.
e. Preliminary data.
f. Taxable earnings are preliminary estimates based on Social Security data; employment data are preliminary estimates based on data from Bureau of Labor Statistics and the National Income and Product Accounts.
g. Preliminary estimates based on data from Bureau of Labor Statistics and Bureau of Economic Analysis.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 4.B12 Number of workers with Medicare Part A (HI) taxable earnings, amount taxable, and contributions, by state or other area and type of earnings, 2017
State or area a Number b (thousands) Taxable earnings c (millions of dollars) HI contributions d (millions of dollars)
Total Wage and salary Self- employed Total Wage and salary Self- employed Total Wage and salary Self- employed
All areas 176,962 166,205 20,552 8,653,800 8,066,400 587,400 250,960 233,926 17,035
Alabama 2,446 2,310 264 96,176 90,715 5,461 2,789 2,631 158
Alaska 420 399 46 19,953 18,613 1,340 579 540 39
Arizona 3,467 3,269 379 149,957 142,058 7,899 4,349 4,120 229
Arkansas 1,510 1,416 174 56,119 52,897 3,222 1,627 1,534 93
California 20,379 18,811 2,773 1,217,922 1,127,825 90,097 35,320 32,707 2,613
Colorado 3,215 3,019 401 164,604 153,423 11,181 4,774 4,449 324
Connecticut 2,059 1,928 250 144,114 129,690 14,424 4,179 3,761 418
Delaware 534 512 47 26,306 24,697 1,609 763 716 47
District of Columbia 430 408 49 32,287 27,751 4,536 936 805 132
Florida 10,758 9,935 1,464 455,851 425,473 30,377 13,220 12,339 881
Georgia 5,484 5,141 658 249,720 235,668 14,053 7,242 6,834 408
Hawaii 803 748 93 36,054 33,669 2,385 1,046 976 69
Idaho 916 860 103 37,396 35,173 2,223 1,084 1,020 64
Illinois 7,070 6,678 796 366,898 345,123 21,775 10,640 10,009 631
Indiana 3,743 3,579 342 152,338 144,742 7,597 4,418 4,198 220
Iowa 1,814 1,715 201 73,429 69,200 4,230 2,129 2,007 123
Kansas 1,621 1,531 180 68,769 64,148 4,622 1,994 1,860 134
Kentucky 2,329 2,207 237 89,032 84,377 4,655 2,582 2,447 135
Louisiana 2,384 2,247 278 96,097 90,109 5,989 2,787 2,613 174
Maine 771 718 98 29,679 27,718 1,961 861 804 57
Maryland 3,426 3,242 379 197,561 184,770 12,792 5,729 5,358 371
Massachusetts 4,029 3,805 471 250,304 234,022 16,283 7,259 6,787 472
Michigan 5,357 5,067 573 236,177 222,420 13,757 6,849 6,450 399
Minnesota 3,342 3,172 359 165,572 156,519 9,054 4,802 4,539 263
Mississippi 1,469 1,377 183 50,865 47,389 3,477 1,475 1,374 101
Missouri 3,315 3,144 348 136,685 127,971 8,714 3,964 3,711 253
Montana 655 617 73 22,789 21,232 1,557 661 616 45
Nebraska 1,160 1,098 126 48,332 45,639 2,693 1,402 1,324 78
Nevada 1,521 1,439 159 66,515 62,377 4,138 1,929 1,809 120
New Hampshire 835 783 90 44,013 40,977 3,037 1,276 1,188 88
New Jersey 5,079 4,775 595 322,026 296,570 25,455 9,339 8,601 738
New Mexico 1,006 950 101 37,170 35,333 1,837 1,078 1,025 53
New York 10,893 10,158 1,387 653,148 585,873 67,274 18,941 16,990 1,951
North Carolina 5,385 5,070 603 226,545 213,495 13,050 6,570 6,191 378
North Dakota 463 438 57 20,784 18,988 1,795 603 551 52
Ohio 6,482 6,167 649 284,009 269,103 14,906 8,236 7,804 432
Oklahoma 2,016 1,900 222 76,715 72,773 3,942 2,225 2,110 114
Oregon 2,220 2,080 249 100,254 93,829 6,425 2,907 2,721 186
Pennsylvania 7,068 6,711 714 337,953 319,197 18,756 9,801 9,257 544
Rhode Island 619 588 66 29,419 27,459 1,960 853 796 57
South Carolina 2,607 2,473 268 104,227 99,023 5,204 3,023 2,872 151
South Dakota 582 550 66 21,494 19,853 1,641 623 576 48
Tennessee 3,599 3,355 453 155,186 137,436 17,751 4,500 3,986 515
Texas 14,571 13,603 1,826 703,690 656,087 47,603 20,407 19,027 1,380
Utah 1,677 1,608 163 68,963 65,717 3,246 2,000 1,906 94
Vermont 389 365 47 15,821 14,889 932 459 432 27
Virginia 4,721 4,478 501 246,886 231,554 15,332 7,160 6,715 445
Washington 4,069 3,857 404 228,651 216,078 12,572 6,631 6,266 365
West Virginia 861 822 74 32,225 30,369 1,857 935 881 54
Wisconsin 3,366 3,215 302 145,516 139,221 6,295 4,220 4,037 183
Wyoming 331 313 39 13,235 12,413 822 384 360 24
Outlying area  
Puerto Rico 1,102 1,022 106 27,037 25,106 1,932 784 728 56
Other and unknown e 594 533 67 21,332 19,654 1,678 619 570 49
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Continuous Work History Sample, 1 percent sample.
NOTES: Data are based on preliminary estimates.
HI = Hospital Insurance.
a. Most state assignments are based on end-of-year residence obtained from electronically filed employer wage reports; the remainder are based on location of employer from reports filed on paper.
b. Workers with earnings in both wage and salary employment and self-employment are counted in each type of employment but only once in the total. National and state totals and subtotals are unduplicated counts of workers in each type of employment.
c. No annual maximum taxable earnings amount for Medicare. Totals do not necessarily equal the sum of rounded components.
d. For 2017 earnings, paid at the rate of 1.45 percent of taxable wages by both employees and employers, 1.45 percent of taxable tips by employees, and 2.9 percent of self-employment income by self-employed workers. Totals do not necessarily equal the sum of rounded components.
e. Persons employed in American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, and U.S. Virgin Islands; U.S. citizens employed abroad by U.S. employers; persons employed on U.S. oceanborne vessels; and workers with unknown residence.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 4.B13 Social Security (OASDI) taxable earnings, by sex and age, 2017
Sex Total, all ages a Under 20 20–29 30–39 40–49 50–59 60–61 62–64 65–69 70 or older
  OASDI taxable earnings (in millions of dollars)
All workers 6,997,734 53,299 962,904 1,613,365 1,697,688 1,697,970 277,558 313,467 252,156 129,326
Men 4,126,708 28,298 536,225 944,607 1,009,378 1,010,192 165,313 189,665 156,373 86,659
Women 2,871,026 25,001 426,680 668,758 688,310 687,778 112,245 123,802 95,783 42,667
  Percentage distribution, by age
All workers 100 1 14 23 24 24 4 4 4 2
Men 100 1 13 23 24 24 4 5 4 2
Women 100 1 15 23 24 24 4 4 3 1
  Percentage distribution, by sex
All workers 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Men 59 53 56 59 59 59 60 61 62 67
Women 41 47 44 41 41 41 40 39 38 33
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Master Earnings File, 1 percent sample.
NOTES: Includes Social Security taxable wages as reported by employers and Social Security taxable self-employment income as reported by self-employed workers.
Totals do not necessarily equal the sum of rounded components.
OASDI = Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance.
a. Includes workers of unknown age.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 4.B14 Medicare Part A (HI) taxable earnings, by sex and age, 2017
Sex Total, all ages a Under 20 20–29 30–39 40–49 50–59 60–61 62–64 65–69 70 or older
  HI taxable earnings (in millions of dollars)
All workers 8,653,800 53,351 1,003,514 1,840,997 2,171,731 2,264,993 365,018 416,361 354,985 182,851
Men 5,403,620 28,344 562,974 1,104,035 1,361,616 1,457,607 234,742 273,801 246,534 133,969
Women 3,250,180 25,008 440,540 736,962 810,115 807,386 130,276 142,559 108,451 48,882
  Percentage distribution, by age
All workers 100 1 12 21 25 26 4 5 4 2
Men 100 1 10 20 25 27 4 5 5 2
Women 100 1 14 23 25 25 4 4 3 2
  Percentage distribution, by sex
All workers 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Men 62 53 56 60 63 64 64 66 69 73
Women 38 47 44 40 37 36 36 34 31 27
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Master Earnings File, 1 percent sample.
NOTES: Totals do not necessarily equal the sum of rounded components.
HI = Hospital Insurance.
a. Includes workers of unknown age.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.