Income of the Population 55 or Older, 2014

Importance of Income Sources Relative to Total Income

Relative Importance of Income Sources for Aged Units

Relative Importance of Income Sources for Units 65 or Older

Relative Importance of Family Income Sources for Aged Persons

Relative Importance of Family Income Sources for Persons 65 or Older


Key Terms and Concepts for Section 8 1

Age. Age classification is based on the age of the person at his or her last birthday as of March 2015. A married couple's age is defined as the age of the husband—unless he is under age 55 and the wife is 55 or older, in which case it is the age of the wife.

Aged unit. With age 55 as the cutoff, aged units are defined as married couples living together—at least one of whom is 55 or older—and nonmarried persons 55 or older.

Marital status. Married persons are married and living with their spouse. Nonmarried persons may be divorced, widowed, never married, separated, or married but living apart from their spouse.

Race. The categories White alone, Black alone, and Asian alone reflect respondents who reported only one race. Because of changes to the race category, data on race are not directly comparable to editions prior to 2002. A person's race is his or her reported race. A married couple's race is defined as the race of the husband.

Hispanic origin. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. A married couple is of Hispanic origin if the husband is of Hispanic origin.

Family. A family is a group of two or more people (one of whom is the householder) related by birth, marriage, or adoption and residing together; all such people (including related subfamily members) are considered as members of one family.

Social Security beneficiary. A beneficiary may be receiving retired-worker benefits, dependents' or survivor benefits, disability benefits, or transitionally insured benefits.

Per capita income. Per capita income is total family income divided by the number of persons in the family.

Relative Importance of Income Source. The relative importance of a source is the ratio of the amount of income from a given source to total income for an aged unit or family. These tables are distributions of persons or aged units by the importance of a given source at the individual unit level.

Poverty. The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to detect who is poor. If a family's total income is less than that family's threshold, then that family, and every individual in it, is considered poor. The poverty thresholds do not vary geographically, but they are updated annually for inflation with the Consumer Price Index (CPI-U). The official poverty definition counts money income before taxes and excludes capital gains and noncash benefits (such as public housing, Medicaid, and SNAP benefits).

Income sources

Retirement benefits. Include Social Security benefits, Railroad Retirement income, government employee pensions, and private pensions or annuities.

Social Security. Includes retired-worker benefits, dependents' or survivor benefits, disability benefits, and transitionally insured benefits.

Government employee pensions. Government employee pensions include payments from federal government (civil service), military, and state or local governments.

Private pensions and annuities. Private pensions and annuities include payments from companies or unions, annuities or paid-up insurance policies, individual retirement accounts (IRAs), Keogh, or 401(k) payments.

Earnings. Include wages and salaries and self-employment. Wages and salaries is defined as total money earnings received for work performed as an employee during the income year. It includes wages, salary, Armed Forces pay, commissions, tips, piece-rate payments, and cash bonuses earned, before deductions are made for taxes, bonds, pensions, union dues, and so forth. Earnings for self-employed persons in incorporated businesses are considered wage and salary. Self-employment is the combined income from farm and nonfarm self-employment.

Asset income. Includes income from interest, dividends, rent, royalties, and estates and trusts. Interest includes payments people receive (or have credited to their accounts) from bonds, treasury notes, IRAs, certificates of deposit, interest-bearing savings and checking accounts, and all other investments that pay interest. Dividends include income from stock holdings and mutual fund shares. The CPS does not include capital gains from the sale of stock holdings as income. Rents, royalties, and estates and trusts includes net income from the rental of a house, store, or other property, receipts from boarders or lodgers, net royalty income, and periodic payments from estate or trust funds.

Public Assistance. Includes Supplemental Security Income and other monetary public assistance programs. Noncash benefits are not included.

Notes

1 For more information, consult the Glossary for this report.

Tables

Relative Importance of Income Sources for Aged Units Table 8.A1 Percentage distribution of units, by source of income and age, 2014
Proportion of income Aged 55–61 Aged 62–64 Aged 65 or older
Total 65–69 70–74 75–79 80 or older
  Earnings
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 18.0 31.7 70.7 49.7 68.5 80.5 91.1
1–19 1.4 3.5 4.6 5.8 6.2 4.4 2.0
20–39 2.2 4.2 4.1 5.6 5.4 3.3 1.7
40–59 4.3 7.2 5.5 8.7 6.6 4.4 1.4
60–79 7.6 9.5 6.4 11.5 7.1 3.4 1.6
80 or more 66.5 43.8 8.7 18.7 6.2 4.0 2.3
50 or more 76.6 56.8 18.0 34.9 17.0 9.5 4.5
90 or more 59.5 36.7 6.5 13.6 4.7 3.0 1.9
100 19.7 11.0 2.1 4.1 1.7 1.1 0.9
Mean proportion 73.2 54.2 17.1 32.4 16.4 9.7 4.6
Mean proportion (recipients only) 89.3 79.3 58.5 64.3 51.9 49.8 52.0
Number (thousands) 20,104 7,395 33,423 10,670 7,799 5,872 9,082
  Retirement benefits
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 76.3 48.6 10.3 18.3 8.1 6.0 5.6
1–19 5.2 10.1 4.6 9.1 3.6 2.6 1.3
20–39 4.0 8.0 8.7 13.0 9.8 6.2 4.3
40–59 3.1 6.3 9.0 10.3 10.6 7.7 6.8
60–79 2.3 5.3 10.0 9.5 10.9 10.7 9.1
80 or more 9.1 21.8 57.5 39.7 56.9 66.9 72.9
50 or more 12.9 30.1 72.1 54.3 73.5 81.7 85.8
90 or more 8.0 19.5 50.8 34.4 49.3 58.6 66.1
100 5.0 9.6 23.1 15.8 22.1 26.6 30.0
Mean proportion 13.7 31.4 70.7 55.4 71.8 78.7 82.8
Mean proportion (recipients only) 57.7 61.1 78.9 67.8 78.1 83.7 87.6
Number (thousands) 20,104 7,395 33,423 10,670 7,799 5,872 9,082
  Social Security
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 85.2 60.2 13.5 23.3 10.7 8.2 7.9
1–19 2.7 9.8 9.1 13.3 8.7 7.6 5.4
20–39 2.5 7.9 16.9 18.8 19.7 15.4 13.2
40–59 1.9 5.8 14.5 12.5 16.4 15.3 14.7
60–79 1.6 3.5 11.8 9.1 12.2 14.2 13.1
80 or more 6.0 12.8 34.2 22.8 32.3 39.3 45.7
50 or more 8.6 19.3 52.8 37.5 51.9 61.1 66.1
90 or more 5.3 11.7 28.9 19.4 27.5 32.7 38.8
100 3.9 7.3 17.0 11.7 16.3 19.5 22.2
Mean proportion 9.0 21.2 54.7 41.9 54.9 61.2 65.5
Mean proportion (recipients only) 61.0 53.4 63.3 54.6 61.5 66.7 71.2
Number (thousands) 20,104 7,395 33,423 10,670 7,799 5,872 9,082
  Government employee pensions
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 94.5 88.1 84.1 84.9 83.0 83.8 84.3
1–19 2.0 4.3 5.3 5.6 5.9 5.0 4.7
20–39 1.5 2.8 4.4 4.3 4.6 5.0 4.2
40–59 0.9 2.5 3.4 2.9 3.8 3.2 3.6
60–79 0.4 1.0 1.8 1.4 1.6 2.0 2.2
80 or more 0.7 1.2 1.0 0.9 1.1 0.9 1.1
50 or more 1.4 3.3 4.2 3.4 4.5 4.3 4.7
90 or more 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.6
100 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1
Mean proportion 2.0 4.3 5.6 5.0 5.9 5.8 5.9
Mean proportion (recipients only) 36.2 36.0 35.3 33.3 34.8 35.9 37.8
Number (thousands) 20,104 7,395 33,423 10,670 7,799 5,872 9,082
  Private pensions or annuities
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 91.4 80.3 61.7 68.3 58.4 56.3 60.4
1–19 4.3 9.9 17.5 15.3 19.3 19.6 17.3
20–39 1.6 4.4 11.6 8.7 12.7 14.3 12.3
40–59 1.3 2.9 6.3 5.2 6.9 6.6 6.8
60–79 0.4 1.4 2.2 2.0 2.1 2.6 2.3
80 or more 0.9 1.1 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 1.0
50 or more 1.8 3.7 5.4 4.6 5.7 5.8 5.8
90 or more 0.8 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.6
100 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Mean proportion 2.6 5.6 10.2 8.3 10.7 11.6 11.0
Mean proportion (recipients only) 30.8 28.2 26.6 26.2 25.8 26.5 27.8
Number (thousands) 20,104 7,395 33,423 10,670 7,799 5,872 9,082
  Income from assets
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 36.3 34.3 36.9 34.3 35.9 38.3 39.8
1–19 56.2 55.4 52.9 56.1 54.0 51.9 48.9
20–39 3.5 4.9 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.1
40–59 1.5 2.1 2.2 1.9 2.1 2.1 2.8
60–79 0.6 1.1 1.3 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.8
80 or more 1.9 2.2 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6
50 or more 3.1 4.3 3.7 3.2 3.5 3.5 4.6
90 or more 1.8 2.0 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.3
100 1.7 1.9 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.2
Mean proportion 5.3 6.7 6.4 6.0 6.4 6.3 6.9
Mean proportion (recipients only) 8.4 10.2 10.1 9.1 9.9 10.2 11.4
Number (thousands) 20,104 7,395 33,423 10,670 7,799 5,872 9,082
  Cash public assistance
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 92.6 92.9 95.5 95.1 95.7 95.5 95.7
1–19 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.2 1.0 1.2
20–39 1.5 1.2 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.9
40–59 0.9 1.0 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.3
60–79 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2
80 or more 3.3 3.2 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.7 1.8
50 or more 3.9 4.0 2.0 2.1 1.8 2.1 2.0
90 or more 3.1 3.1 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.7 1.7
100 2.7 2.6 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.5 1.6
Mean proportion 4.5 4.4 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.5 2.4
Mean proportion (recipients only) 59.9 61.6 52.4 50.1 50.7 55.8 54.7
Number (thousands) 20,104 7,395 33,423 10,670 7,799 5,872 9,082
NOTES: Units with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or SNAP benefits) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Income Sources for Aged Units Table 8.A2 Percentage distribution of units, by source of income, marital status, and age, 2014
Proportion of income Married couples Nonmarried persons
55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older
Total 65–69 70–74 75–79 80 or older Total 65–69 70–74 75–79 80 or older
  Earnings
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 7.4 17.6 56.0 35.4 56.5 71.6 81.5 29.6 46.7 81.5 63.6 79.0 87.6 95.0
1–19 1.4 3.9 7.0 7.4 9.0 5.9 4.4 1.3 3.1 2.9 4.2 3.8 3.2 1.0
20–39 2.3 4.5 6.2 7.3 7.6 5.2 3.4 2.0 3.8 2.5 4.0 3.5 1.8 1.0
40–59 5.5 9.5 8.5 11.2 9.3 6.8 3.3 3.0 4.9 3.3 6.3 4.2 2.4 0.6
60–79 10.5 13.5 10.0 15.6 10.1 5.5 3.1 4.5 5.2 3.7 7.4 4.5 1.8 1.0
80 or more 72.9 51.0 12.3 23.1 7.5 5.0 4.4 59.6 36.2 6.1 14.4 5.0 3.2 1.4
50 or more 86.4 69.5 26.9 44.9 23.0 14.1 8.9 65.8 43.3 11.5 25.1 11.8 5.9 2.7
90 or more 63.6 41.2 8.5 15.5 5.3 3.7 3.7 55.0 31.9 5.0 11.7 4.1 2.4 1.2
100 15.7 9.7 2.3 3.7 1.7 1.2 1.3 24.0 12.4 2.1 4.5 1.7 1.0 0.7
Mean proportion 81.8 64.9 25.3 41.2 22.0 14.0 9.3 63.9 42.8 11.1 23.8 11.4 6.3 2.8
Mean proportion (recipients only) 88.4 78.7 57.6 63.7 50.5 49.4 50.2 90.7 80.4 60.1 65.3 54.6 50.6 54.6
Number (thousands) 10,506 3,811 14,127 5,274 3,640 2,601 2,612 9,598 3,584 19,297 5,396 4,160 3,271 6,470
  Retirement benefits
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 77.0 49.4 10.7 18.0 7.2 4.9 6.8 75.6 47.7 10.0 18.7 8.9 6.8 5.1
1–19 7.3 13.8 7.5 13.6 5.4 3.3 1.9 3.0 6.1 2.4 4.7 2.1 1.9 1.0
20–39 5.9 12.0 12.7 17.1 13.2 9.2 6.6 1.9 3.7 5.8 9.0 6.8 3.8 3.4
40–59 3.3 6.5 11.0 11.5 12.9 10.1 8.4 3.0 6.1 7.5 9.2 8.6 5.7 6.1
60–79 1.9 5.3 12.0 10.4 13.2 12.3 13.1 2.7 5.3 8.5 8.7 9.0 9.4 7.5
80 or more 4.6 13.1 46.1 29.4 48.1 60.0 63.2 13.9 31.0 65.8 49.7 64.7 72.3 76.8
50 or more 8.2 21.3 63.5 45.1 68.0 77.9 80.0 18.1 39.6 78.5 63.3 78.2 84.7 88.1
90 or more 3.8 10.9 38.4 23.8 38.5 51.2 54.9 12.6 28.6 59.9 44.8 58.8 64.5 70.7
100 2.1 4.2 12.4 7.9 12.1 16.3 18.1 8.2 15.4 30.8 23.5 31.0 34.8 34.9
Mean proportion 9.8 24.3 63.1 47.8 66.8 74.9 77.2 17.9 38.9 76.3 62.7 76.2 81.7 85.0
Mean proportion (recipients only) 42.8 48.1 70.7 58.3 71.9 78.8 82.8 73.1 74.5 84.8 77.1 83.6 87.7 89.6
Number (thousands) 10,506 3,811 14,127 5,274 3,640 2,601 2,612 9,598 3,584 19,297 5,396 4,160 3,271 6,470
  Social Security
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 86.7 61.4 13.9 23.1 9.5 6.6 8.6 83.6 58.9 13.3 23.6 11.8 9.4 7.6
1–19 4.5 14.9 14.1 20.1 12.7 9.9 8.1 0.7 4.3 5.4 6.7 5.2 5.8 4.3
20–39 3.7 10.4 21.5 22.7 23.6 20.9 16.9 1.2 5.2 13.5 15.1 16.2 11.0 11.7
40–59 1.6 4.5 16.3 12.4 18.3 17.8 19.6 2.2 7.2 13.2 12.7 14.8 13.3 12.7
60–79 1.0 2.8 11.6 8.3 12.2 15.2 14.3 2.3 4.3 11.9 10.0 12.2 13.4 12.6
80 or more 2.5 5.9 22.6 13.5 23.8 29.6 32.6 9.9 20.1 42.6 32.0 39.8 47.1 51.0
50 or more 4.2 11.0 41.2 26.3 44.0 53.3 55.1 13.4 28.2 61.3 48.5 58.9 67.3 70.6
90 or more 2.1 5.3 17.8 10.3 18.5 23.5 26.5 8.8 18.5 37.0 28.2 35.4 40.0 43.7
100 1.4 2.8 8.3 5.5 8.1 10.8 11.7 6.7 12.1 23.4 17.8 23.4 26.5 26.5
Mean proportion 5.5 14.5 45.8 33.6 48.6 55.4 57.1 12.9 28.4 61.3 50.0 60.4 65.8 69.0
Mean proportion (recipients only) 41.1 37.6 53.2 43.6 53.7 59.4 62.4 78.7 69.0 70.7 65.4 68.5 72.7 74.7
Number (thousands) 10,506 3,811 14,127 5,274 3,640 2,601 2,612 9,598 3,584 19,297 5,396 4,160 3,271 6,470
  Government employee pensions
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 93.8 86.8 80.4 82.0 79.9 79.8 78.6 95.3 89.5 86.8 87.7 85.8 87.0 86.6
1–19 2.7 5.4 8.0 7.9 8.3 7.5 8.4 1.3 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.8 3.0 3.1
20–39 1.8 3.8 5.5 4.9 5.7 6.6 5.6 1.1 1.8 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.6
40–59 1.0 2.4 3.6 3.2 3.9 3.1 4.5 0.8 2.7 3.2 2.6 3.8 3.2 3.3
60–79 0.4 0.9 1.6 1.5 1.3 2.3 1.5 0.4 1.2 1.9 1.4 1.8 1.8 2.4
80 or more 0.3 0.8 0.8 0.6 1.0 0.7 1.4 1.1 1.7 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.0
50 or more 1.0 2.5 3.7 3.0 3.9 3.9 4.4 1.9 4.1 4.5 3.7 5.0 4.6 4.8
90 or more 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.4 0.7 1.0 1.1 0.7 0.6 1.0 0.7 0.6
100 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Mean proportion 1.8 4.1 5.9 5.2 6.1 6.3 6.8 2.2 4.5 5.4 4.9 5.7 5.4 5.6
Mean proportion (recipients only) 29.3 31.0 30.4 28.9 30.6 31.5 31.8 46.3 42.6 40.7 39.6 40.1 41.4 41.7
Number (thousands) 10,506 3,811 14,127 5,274 3,640 2,601 2,612 9,598 3,584 19,297 5,396 4,160 3,271 6,470
  Private pensions or annuities
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 90.0 77.7 53.7 61.6 49.9 47.5 49.2 93.0 83.1 67.6 74.9 65.8 63.3 64.8
1–19 5.6 12.9 22.9 20.1 25.4 25.0 23.1 2.7 6.7 13.6 10.6 13.9 15.4 14.9
20–39 2.0 4.7 14.2 10.8 14.8 17.7 16.6 1.2 4.1 9.7 6.6 10.9 11.5 10.5
40–59 1.4 2.9 6.8 5.5 7.5 6.7 8.6 1.3 2.9 5.9 4.9 6.3 6.5 6.0
60–79 0.6 0.8 2.0 1.6 2.0 2.9 1.7 0.3 1.9 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.4 2.6
80 or more 0.5 1.0 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.8 1.4 1.3 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.1
50 or more 1.6 2.8 5.1 4.1 5.6 6.0 5.5 2.1 4.5 5.6 5.1 5.9 5.5 5.9
90 or more 0.4 0.7 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.4 1.2 1.2 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.7
100 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Mean proportion 2.5 5.3 11.2 9.0 11.9 13.0 13.1 2.8 5.8 9.4 7.7 9.7 10.5 10.2
Mean proportion (recipients only) 25.2 23.9 24.3 23.4 23.7 24.7 25.9 39.5 34.3 29.1 30.5 28.4 28.5 29.0
Number (thousands) 10,506 3,811 14,127 5,274 3,640 2,601 2,612 9,598 3,584 19,297 5,396 4,160 3,271 6,470
  Income from assets
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 25.8 24.6 24.9 23.6 24.7 25.8 26.9 47.9 44.7 45.6 44.7 45.7 48.3 45.0
1–19 67.2 65.1 63.0 65.4 63.0 62.6 58.4 44.1 45.0 45.6 47.0 46.2 43.3 45.1
20–39 4.2 5.9 6.7 6.4 7.4 5.9 7.3 2.7 3.9 4.1 4.2 3.5 4.5 4.2
40–59 1.7 2.3 2.6 2.2 2.3 2.8 3.5 1.4 1.9 1.9 1.5 1.8 1.5 2.5
60–79 0.3 0.6 1.6 1.3 1.5 1.7 2.2 0.9 1.7 1.2 1.0 1.0 0.7 1.6
80 or more 0.8 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.7 3.1 2.8 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.5
50 or more 1.9 2.9 4.0 3.5 3.4 4.2 5.5 4.6 5.8 3.6 3.0 3.7 2.9 4.2
90 or more 0.8 1.4 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.4 3.0 2.5 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.4 1.2
100 0.7 1.4 1.0 0.9 0.8 1.1 1.3 2.8 2.5 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.1 1.2
Mean proportion 4.7 6.4 7.4 6.8 7.4 7.5 8.6 6.0 7.0 5.6 5.2 5.5 5.4 6.2
Mean proportion (recipients only) 6.3 8.5 9.9 8.9 9.8 10.1 11.8 11.6 12.6 10.3 9.4 10.1 10.4 11.2
Number (thousands) 10,506 3,811 14,127 5,274 3,640 2,601 2,612 9,598 3,584 19,297 5,396 4,160 3,271 6,470
  Cash public assistance
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 96.5 96.4 97.7 97.9 97.5 97.3 98.0 88.3 89.1 93.8 92.4 94.1 94.0 94.7
1–19 1.2 1.1 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.6 0.4 1.8 1.6 1.6 2.1 1.3 1.4 1.6
20–39 1.1 1.1 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.3 2.0 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.1
40–59 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.6 0.0 1.4 1.8 0.7 1.1 0.8 0.6 0.4
60–79 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2
80 or more 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.3 0.7 0.8 1.2 6.2 5.5 2.3 2.9 2.1 2.5 2.0
50 or more 1.0 1.3 0.8 0.4 0.8 1.1 1.3 7.1 7.0 2.9 3.7 2.7 2.9 2.2
90 or more 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.8 1.1 5.9 5.4 2.3 2.8 2.1 2.5 2.0
100 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.8 1.1 5.1 4.5 2.0 2.3 1.8 2.0 1.8
Mean proportion 1.4 1.6 1.0 0.7 1.0 1.4 1.3 7.8 7.3 3.4 4.1 3.2 3.5 2.8
Mean proportion (recipients only) 39.9 45.2 44.9 33.0 41.6 51.1 67.5 66.5 67.4 54.5 54.7 54.0 57.5 52.7
Number (thousands) 10,506 3,811 14,127 5,274 3,640 2,601 2,612 9,598 3,584 19,297 5,396 4,160 3,271 6,470
NOTES: Units with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or SNAP benefits) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Income Sources for Aged Units Table 8.A3 Percentage distribution of units, by source of income, Social Security beneficiary status, marital status, and age, 2014
Proportion of income Beneficiary units Nonbeneficiary units
All units Married couples Nonmarried persons All units Married couples Nonmarried persons
55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older
  Earnings
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 60.9 55.7 75.8 31.3 33.0 61.7 87.3 78.2 86.0 10.6 15.9 38.4 3.8 7.9 20.5 18.3 24.7 52.1
1–19 4.0 5.9 5.1 5.3 7.5 7.8 2.9 4.2 3.1 0.9 2.0 1.6 0.8 1.6 1.8 1.0 2.4 1.5
20–39 5.6 6.8 4.5 7.4 8.6 6.9 4.0 5.0 2.7 1.6 2.4 1.7 1.5 1.9 2.0 1.6 2.9 1.5
40–59 7.0 10.6 5.7 12.4 14.6 8.7 2.2 6.6 3.5 3.8 5.0 4.0 4.4 6.3 6.9 3.2 3.7 1.8
60–79 13.0 10.8 6.4 25.2 18.6 10.3 2.1 3.1 3.5 6.7 8.7 6.2 8.3 10.4 8.3 4.9 6.8 4.6
80 or more 9.5 10.3 2.6 18.5 17.6 4.5 1.5 2.9 1.2 76.4 66.0 48.0 81.2 71.9 60.5 70.9 59.5 38.5
50 or more 26.9 26.8 12.0 51.3 44.9 19.5 5.3 8.7 6.5 85.2 76.7 56.3 91.8 85.0 72.9 77.7 67.4 43.6
90 or more 2.3 3.4 0.7 4.2 5.8 1.3 0.6 0.9 0.3 69.4 58.8 43.3 72.7 63.4 53.7 65.6 53.6 35.3
100 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 23.1 18.3 15.9 18.1 15.7 16.4 28.8 21.1 15.4
Mean proportion 23.1 24.5 11.3 43.2 39.2 18.3 5.3 9.9 6.3 81.9 73.8 54.0 87.7 81.0 69.0 75.4 65.8 42.5
Mean proportion (recipients only) 59.2 55.3 46.9 62.8 58.6 47.8 41.8 45.2 45.0 91.6 87.7 87.7 91.2 87.9 86.8 92.2 87.5 88.7
Number (thousands) 2,968 2,944 28,900 1,395 1,470 12,167 1,573 1,474 16,733 17,136 4,451 4,523 9,111 2,341 1,959 8,025 2,109 2,564
  Retirement benefits
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 89.5 80.8 76.1 88.8 80.5 77.2 90.4 81.1 75.2
1–19 13.2 14.2 4.4 24.1 23.0 7.5 3.4 5.3 2.2 3.9 7.4 5.4 4.7 8.0 7.1 2.9 6.7 4.1
20–39 15.8 14.9 9.6 28.1 24.3 14.1 4.8 5.5 6.4 1.9 3.4 2.8 2.5 4.2 3.9 1.3 2.5 2.0
40–59 11.6 12.2 9.9 12.4 12.7 12.1 10.9 11.6 8.2 1.7 2.5 3.3 1.9 2.6 4.2 1.4 2.3 2.6
60–79 10.8 10.7 11.2 9.0 11.0 13.6 12.4 10.5 9.5 0.8 1.7 1.7 0.8 1.7 1.7 0.8 1.7 1.7
80 or more 48.7 48.1 64.9 26.5 29.0 52.6 68.4 67.1 73.8 2.2 4.3 10.6 1.3 3.0 5.9 3.3 5.7 14.3
50 or more 65.5 65.3 81.2 42.1 46.2 72.2 86.3 84.3 87.8 3.8 6.9 14.0 2.9 5.6 9.3 4.8 8.3 17.5
90 or more 43.5 43.4 57.3 22.5 24.8 43.7 62.2 62.0 67.1 1.8 3.7 9.2 1.0 2.2 5.1 2.8 5.4 12.2
100 30.2 22.1 26.2 14.1 9.5 14.3 44.5 34.6 34.8 0.7 1.4 3.1 0.3 0.9 0.9 1.1 2.0 4.7
Mean proportion 67.2 66.6 79.6 49.1 51.7 71.6 83.2 81.5 85.4 4.4 8.1 14.4 3.8 7.2 10.6 5.1 9.2 17.3
Mean proportion (recipients only) 67.2 66.6 79.6 49.1 51.7 71.6 83.2 81.5 85.4 42.0 42.2 60.1 34.1 36.6 46.5 52.6 48.6 69.6
Number (thousands) 2,968 2,944 28,900 1,395 1,470 12,167 1,573 1,474 16,733 17,136 4,451 4,523 9,111 2,341 1,959 8,025 2,109 2,564
  Government employee pensions
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 91.5 83.2 83.5 87.5 78.6 79.1 95.0 87.9 86.7 95.0 91.3 87.7 94.7 91.9 88.4 95.4 90.7 87.2
1–19 4.1 5.8 5.7 7.1 8.3 8.7 1.5 3.3 3.5 1.6 3.3 2.8 2.0 3.5 4.1 1.2 3.1 1.7
20–39 2.7 4.7 4.8 3.3 6.4 6.0 2.1 3.1 3.9 1.3 1.6 2.4 1.6 2.2 2.6 0.9 0.9 2.3
40–59 1.1 3.9 3.6 1.2 4.4 3.9 1.0 3.5 3.3 0.9 1.6 2.1 1.0 1.2 1.8 0.7 2.0 2.2
60–79 0.5 1.4 1.9 0.7 1.6 1.8 0.4 1.3 2.0 0.4 0.8 1.0 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.4 1.1 1.3
80 or more 0.1 0.9 0.5 0.1 0.8 0.6 0.0 1.0 0.5 0.8 1.4 4.1 0.3 0.7 2.4 1.3 2.2 5.3
50 or more 0.8 3.9 3.9 1.0 4.1 3.6 0.5 3.7 4.1 1.5 2.8 6.0 1.0 1.4 4.0 2.1 4.4 7.5
90 or more 0.1 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.0 0.4 0.2 0.6 0.9 3.2 0.2 0.3 2.1 1.2 1.6 4.1
100 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.4 1.0 0.1 0.2 0.6 0.5 0.7 1.3
Mean proportion 2.2 5.7 5.5 2.8 6.8 6.1 1.6 4.6 5.0 2.0 3.4 6.5 1.7 2.4 4.7 2.3 4.4 7.8
Mean proportion (recipients only) 25.3 33.9 33.3 22.3 31.6 29.5 32.0 37.9 37.7 39.5 38.6 52.6 31.9 30.1 40.6 49.3 46.8 60.9
Number (thousands) 2,968 2,944 28,900 1,395 1,470 12,167 1,573 1,474 16,733 17,136 4,451 4,523 9,111 2,341 1,959 8,025 2,109 2,564
  Private pensions or annuities
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 83.2 72.2 58.4 75.9 66.6 49.0 89.6 77.8 65.3 92.9 85.7 82.9 92.1 84.6 83.1 93.7 86.8 82.7
1–19 8.3 13.6 19.2 13.6 20.4 25.4 3.6 6.8 14.7 3.6 7.4 6.6 4.4 8.1 7.3 2.6 6.6 6.1
20–39 5.1 7.1 13.0 6.1 7.1 15.9 4.1 7.1 10.8 1.0 2.6 2.7 1.4 3.2 3.4 0.7 2.0 2.2
40–59 2.5 4.3 6.8 3.1 4.2 7.5 2.0 4.4 6.3 1.1 2.0 2.9 1.1 2.1 2.6 1.1 1.8 3.1
60–79 0.7 2.2 2.4 1.0 1.0 2.1 0.4 3.4 2.6 0.4 0.8 1.3 0.5 0.7 1.5 0.3 0.9 1.2
80 or more 0.2 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.4 1.0 1.5 3.6 0.5 1.2 2.1 1.6 1.8 4.7
50 or more 1.7 4.3 5.3 2.4 2.4 5.2 1.1 6.3 5.4 1.8 3.2 6.1 1.5 3.1 4.4 2.3 3.3 7.3
90 or more 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.9 1.4 2.9 0.4 1.0 1.7 1.4 1.8 3.8
100 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.5 0.8 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.5 1.3
Mean proportion 4.0 7.4 10.7 5.3 7.1 12.1 2.8 7.7 9.7 2.4 4.3 7.0 2.1 4.2 5.8 2.7 4.4 7.9
Mean proportion (recipients only) 23.7 26.7 25.7 21.9 21.3 23.7 27.4 34.8 27.8 33.6 30.2 40.9 26.7 27.4 34.2 43.4 33.7 45.9
Number (thousands) 2,968 2,944 28,900 1,395 1,470 12,167 1,573 1,474 16,733 17,136 4,451 4,523 9,111 2,341 1,959 8,025 2,109 2,564
  Income from assets
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 58.7 41.4 36.9 41.8 29.0 24.8 73.6 53.7 45.8 32.5 29.6 36.2 23.3 21.7 25.7 42.8 38.4 44.3
1–19 39.2 52.2 53.9 55.2 63.9 64.0 25.0 40.4 46.6 59.1 57.5 46.7 69.0 65.9 56.8 47.8 48.2 39.0
20–39 1.4 3.9 5.3 2.0 4.9 6.8 1.0 3.0 4.2 3.8 5.6 4.8 4.6 6.5 6.4 3.0 4.6 3.5
40–59 0.5 1.4 2.2 0.8 1.3 2.6 0.2 1.5 1.9 1.7 2.6 2.3 1.8 3.0 2.6 1.6 2.2 2.0
60–79 0.1 0.9 1.4 0.2 0.8 1.7 0.1 1.0 1.2 0.7 1.2 0.9 0.3 0.4 0.9 1.0 2.2 0.9
80 or more 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.3 2.2 3.4 9.1 1.0 2.5 7.7 3.6 4.5 10.3
50 or more 0.5 1.7 2.6 0.8 1.0 3.0 0.2 2.4 2.2 3.6 6.0 11.1 2.0 4.1 9.6 5.4 8.1 12.3
90 or more 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.1 3.3 9.0 0.9 2.3 7.3 3.5 4.3 10.2
100 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.0 3.2 8.6 0.8 2.2 7.0 3.3 4.3 9.8
Mean proportion 1.6 3.7 5.3 2.4 4.2 6.5 0.9 3.2 4.4 6.0 8.7 13.4 5.1 7.8 12.9 7.0 9.6 13.8
Mean proportion (recipients only) 3.9 6.3 8.4 4.0 6.0 8.7 3.6 6.9 8.0 8.9 12.3 21.0 6.6 10.0 17.4 12.3 15.6 24.8
Number (thousands) 2,968 2,944 28,900 1,395 1,470 12,167 1,573 1,474 16,733 17,136 4,451 4,523 9,111 2,341 1,959 8,025 2,109 2,564
  Cash public assistance
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 84.0 93.8 97.0 92.8 96.1 98.5 76.1 91.5 96.0 94.1 92.3 85.4 97.0 96.6 93.2 90.7 87.5 79.4
1–19 6.4 2.4 1.4 3.5 1.6 0.7 8.9 3.1 1.8 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 1.1 0.4 0.6 0.5
20–39 5.3 1.9 1.0 2.0 1.5 0.5 8.2 2.3 1.4 0.8 0.8 0.5 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.5
40–59 3.4 1.4 0.5 1.2 0.4 0.2 5.4 2.5 0.6 0.5 0.7 1.0 0.3 0.1 0.5 0.6 1.4 1.4
60–79 0.8 0.5 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.1 1.2 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.7
80 or more 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 3.8 5.3 12.0 0.7 1.5 4.6 7.3 9.4 17.6
50 or more 2.1 0.9 0.3 0.8 0.7 0.2 3.2 1.2 0.4 4.3 6.1 12.9 1.1 1.6 4.8 7.9 11.0 19.1
90 or more 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.7 5.1 11.8 0.7 1.4 4.4 7.0 9.2 17.4
100 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.1 4.3 10.2 0.6 1.2 4.3 6.1 7.7 14.8
Mean proportion 4.4 1.8 0.7 1.7 1.1 0.4 6.8 2.6 1.0 4.5 6.1 12.9 1.3 1.9 5.1 8.0 10.6 18.9
Mean proportion (recipients only) 27.5 29.6 24.8 24.2 28.6 23.6 28.3 30.0 25.1 75.1 78.8 88.2 45.7 57.2 75.0 85.6 85.3 91.5
Number (thousands) 2,968 2,944 28,900 1,395 1,470 12,167 1,573 1,474 16,733 17,136 4,451 4,523 9,111 2,341 1,959 8,025 2,109 2,564
NOTES: Units with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or SNAP benefits) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Income Sources for Units 65 or Older Table 8.A4 Percentage distribution of units, by source of income, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status, 2014
Proportion of income White alone Black alone Asian alone Hispanic origin
All units Married couples Nonmarried persons All units Married couples Nonmarried persons All units Married couples Nonmarried persons All units Married couples Nonmarried persons
  Earnings
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 70.3 56.2 81.3 75.9 54.1 82.9 68.7 54.3 84.1 71.1 56.7 80.5
1–19 5.0 7.4 3.1 2.5 5.1 1.6 2.3 2.5 2.0 2.2 4.2 0.9
20–39 4.2 6.2 2.6 3.7 7.3 2.5 2.8 4.3 1.1 2.9 4.2 2.0
40–59 5.6 8.5 3.4 4.1 7.9 2.8 4.5 6.7 2.2 4.4 7.3 2.5
60–79 6.4 9.9 3.7 5.8 12.4 3.6 6.4 9.7 3.0 5.9 10.1 3.1
80 or more 8.5 11.7 5.9 8.2 13.2 6.6 15.3 22.6 7.6 13.5 17.4 11.0
50 or more 17.9 26.2 11.4 16.0 29.8 11.5 24.4 36.3 11.6 21.8 31.3 15.6
90 or more 6.1 7.9 4.8 6.5 10.3 5.3 12.9 18.2 7.2 11.4 13.8 9.9
100 1.9 1.9 1.8 3.4 4.5 3.0 5.2 6.7 3.6 6.5 7.7 5.8
Mean proportion 17.0 24.7 11.0 15.3 28.1 11.2 22.7 33.4 11.2 20.4 29.1 14.8
Mean proportion (recipients only) 57.3 56.4 59.0 63.3 61.2 65.1 72.4 73.0 70.3 70.8 67.3 75.8
Number (thousands) 28,170 12,415 15,755 3,355 818 2,537 1,318 681 637 2,578 1,011 1,567
  Retirement benefits
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 9.2 9.6 9.0 12.4 12.9 12.2 25.9 27.6 24.2 19.3 18.6 19.8
1–19 4.7 7.5 2.5 3.0 5.7 2.1 5.7 9.7 1.4 3.4 4.9 2.4
20–39 8.8 12.6 5.8 7.7 14.2 5.6 8.2 10.6 5.7 7.5 11.3 5.0
40–59 9.2 11.3 7.6 7.4 9.8 6.6 7.6 7.8 7.3 7.5 9.1 6.5
60–79 10.4 12.2 9.0 7.1 10.0 6.2 7.8 9.7 5.8 6.4 7.9 5.3
80 or more 57.6 46.8 66.1 62.5 47.2 67.4 44.8 34.6 55.6 55.9 48.1 61.0
50 or more 72.8 64.7 79.3 73.5 60.9 77.5 56.3 47.7 65.4 66.3 61.2 69.5
90 or more 50.5 38.6 60.0 57.3 43.4 61.8 40.7 30.8 51.2 51.3 43.2 56.5
100 21.3 11.7 28.9 36.9 20.5 42.1 22.6 15.1 30.5 36.1 26.8 42.1
Mean proportion 71.3 64.0 77.0 72.7 63.2 75.7 56.3 48.5 64.6 65.9 61.3 68.8
Mean proportion (recipients only) 78.5 70.8 84.6 83.0 72.6 86.3 76.0 67.0 85.1 81.6 75.3 85.8
Number (thousands) 28,170 12,415 15,755 3,355 818 2,537 1,318 681 637 2,578 1,011 1,567
  Social Security
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 12.4 12.7 12.2 16.1 16.8 15.9 29.2 31.3 26.9 21.6 21.3 21.8
1–19 9.5 14.4 5.6 6.0 10.6 4.5 9.0 13.6 4.2 5.1 8.2 3.0
20–39 17.5 21.9 14.0 14.0 22.4 11.3 12.8 14.0 11.6 10.9 14.2 8.7
40–59 15.0 16.9 13.6 12.4 12.5 12.4 9.5 10.1 8.9 10.1 11.5 9.2
60–79 12.3 11.9 12.6 9.4 9.9 9.3 7.5 8.2 6.9 7.3 7.8 7.0
80 or more 33.3 22.2 42.0 42.0 27.7 46.6 31.9 22.8 41.6 45.1 37.0 50.3
50 or more 52.6 41.4 61.4 58.2 42.7 63.2 43.7 34.9 53.1 57.3 50.5 61.7
90 or more 27.8 17.2 36.1 37.9 24.7 42.2 29.1 20.2 38.6 40.9 33.0 46.0
100 15.6 7.6 21.9 27.4 14.7 31.5 18.6 12.1 25.5 31.3 22.1 37.3
Mean proportion 54.6 46.0 61.4 58.9 48.2 62.3 46.4 38.8 54.6 58.2 52.6 61.8
Mean proportion (recipients only) 62.4 52.7 70.0 70.2 57.9 74.2 65.5 56.4 74.7 74.2 66.8 79.1
Number (thousands) 28,170 12,415 15,755 3,355 818 2,537 1,318 681 637 2,578 1,011 1,567
  Government employee pensions
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 83.6 80.0 86.5 85.6 79.1 87.7 90.6 89.3 92.0 92.0 89.8 93.5
1–19 5.5 8.2 3.5 4.4 8.9 2.9 2.5 4.2 0.7 2.2 3.4 1.4
20–39 4.6 5.7 3.8 3.5 4.9 3.0 3.2 3.7 2.6 1.9 2.7 1.4
40–59 3.3 3.6 3.1 4.2 4.7 4.0 1.9 2.3 1.5 2.3 2.4 2.2
60–79 1.8 1.7 2.0 1.4 1.7 1.3 0.7 0.5 0.8 1.1 1.2 1.1
80 or more 1.0 0.9 1.1 1.0 0.7 1.1 1.1 0.1 2.3 0.4 0.5 0.4
50 or more 4.2 3.8 4.5 4.2 4.1 4.3 2.9 1.8 4.1 2.6 2.3 2.7
90 or more 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.7 0.4 0.0 0.8 0.2 0.2 0.2
100 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1
Mean proportion 5.7 6.1 5.4 5.4 6.4 5.1 3.8 3.2 4.4 3.1 3.4 2.8
Mean proportion (recipients only) 34.9 30.4 40.1 37.5 30.6 41.2 40.2 29.8 55.0 38.6 33.7 43.7
Number (thousands) 28,170 12,415 15,755 3,355 818 2,537 1,318 681 637 2,578 1,011 1,567
  Private pensions or annuities
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 59.2 51.7 65.1 74.4 65.8 77.2 77.1 72.0 82.6 83.0 77.5 86.6
1–19 18.9 23.7 15.1 9.4 17.8 6.7 11.3 15.0 7.3 7.8 11.4 5.5
20–39 12.4 14.9 10.4 7.6 9.0 7.2 6.1 7.5 4.7 5.2 7.6 3.6
40–59 6.6 7.2 6.1 5.1 4.3 5.4 3.3 3.7 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.9
60–79 2.3 2.0 2.5 2.3 2.8 2.1 1.6 1.5 1.8 0.8 0.6 0.9
80 or more 0.7 0.4 0.9 1.2 0.4 1.5 0.5 0.3 0.7 0.3 0.1 0.4
50 or more 5.6 5.2 5.9 4.8 4.5 4.9 3.6 3.8 3.3 2.1 1.7 2.4
90 or more 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.9 0.4 1.1 0.2 0.0 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.3
100 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.2
Mean proportion 10.7 11.7 9.9 8.3 8.5 8.2 5.9 6.6 5.2 4.5 5.3 4.1
Mean proportion (recipients only) 26.2 24.3 28.4 32.5 25.0 36.1 25.9 23.5 30.0 26.8 23.4 30.4
Number (thousands) 28,170 12,415 15,755 3,355 818 2,537 1,318 681 637 2,578 1,011 1,567
  Income from assets
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 33.6 22.9 42.0 58.9 40.9 64.7 46.1 39.1 53.5 63.9 53.1 70.9
1–19 55.5 64.5 48.4 37.0 54.0 31.6 41.7 49.0 33.9 31.5 40.6 25.6
20–39 5.7 7.1 4.6 1.7 1.9 1.6 4.7 4.6 4.7 1.8 3.1 0.9
40–59 2.4 2.7 2.2 0.7 1.5 0.4 1.9 2.1 1.7 1.0 1.5 0.6
60–79 1.5 1.7 1.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 1.2 1.0 1.3 0.8 0.8 0.8
80 or more 1.3 1.1 1.5 1.2 1.1 1.3 4.5 4.1 4.8 1.0 0.9 1.2
50 or more 3.8 3.9 3.7 2.1 2.8 1.9 6.6 6.3 6.9 2.1 2.0 2.2
90 or more 1.1 0.9 1.3 1.2 0.9 1.3 4.3 4.1 4.5 1.0 0.7 1.2
100 1.0 0.8 1.2 1.2 0.9 1.2 3.9 3.6 4.1 1.0 0.7 1.2
Mean proportion 6.7 7.6 6.0 3.0 3.8 2.8 8.6 8.7 8.6 3.2 3.8 2.8
Mean proportion (recipients only) 10.1 9.9 10.3 7.4 6.4 7.9 16.0 14.2 18.5 8.9 8.1 9.8
Number (thousands) 28,170 12,415 15,755 3,355 818 2,537 1,318 681 637 2,578 1,011 1,567
  Cash public assistance
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 96.5 98.2 95.1 90.7 97.0 88.6 87.4 90.9 83.6 88.4 94.5 84.5
1–19 1.0 0.7 1.3 2.9 1.4 3.3 1.8 1.3 2.4 2.8 1.9 3.5
20–39 0.8 0.4 1.1 1.8 0.8 2.1 1.9 1.8 2.0 1.4 0.9 1.7
40–59 0.4 0.2 0.6 1.2 0.7 1.3 0.9 1.0 0.8 1.7 0.3 2.6
60–79 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.8 0.4 0.0 0.8 0.4 0.2 0.6
80 or more 1.2 0.4 1.7 2.9 0.1 3.8 7.6 5.0 10.3 5.2 2.2 7.1
50 or more 1.4 0.6 2.1 4.1 0.3 5.2 8.2 5.3 11.2 6.3 2.4 8.8
90 or more 1.1 0.4 1.7 2.9 0.1 3.8 7.4 4.7 10.3 5.1 2.1 7.1
100 1.0 0.4 1.4 2.6 0.1 3.4 6.9 4.6 9.3 4.5 1.9 6.2
Mean proportion 1.7 0.7 2.5 4.7 0.8 6.0 9.0 6.1 12.1 7.0 2.9 9.7
Mean proportion (recipients only) 49.7 40.3 52.5 50.6 25.9 52.7 71.4 67.4 73.7 60.6 52.7 62.5
Number (thousands) 28,170 12,415 15,755 3,355 818 2,537 1,318 681 637 2,578 1,011 1,567
NOTES: Units with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or SNAP benefits) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Income Sources for Units 65 or Older Table 8.A5 Percentage distribution of units, by source of income, marital status, and quintile of total money income, 2014
Proportion of income All units Married couples Nonmarried persons
First Second Third Fourth Fifth First Second Third Fourth Fifth First Second Third Fourth Fifth
  Earnings
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 95.1 89.6 78.2 58.7 35.1 84.9 73.9 55.5 42.2 25.2 96.9 95.5 88.3 74.8 55.0
1–19 0.8 2.8 3.7 7.0 8.2 3.7 6.0 8.7 9.0 7.4 0.3 1.5 2.9 3.1 6.1
20–39 0.6 2.2 3.8 6.7 6.7 2.5 5.7 8.5 6.3 8.0 0.4 0.6 2.5 4.1 4.5
40–59 0.5 1.5 4.6 8.6 11.5 1.8 4.4 10.1 12.5 13.0 0.2 0.6 2.0 5.9 7.2
60–79 0.4 0.7 3.7 8.6 17.7 1.7 4.2 8.4 15.0 20.4 0.3 0.3 0.7 4.4 12.2
80 or more 2.6 3.1 6.0 10.5 20.7 5.3 5.8 8.8 15.1 26.0 1.9 1.6 3.5 7.7 15.1
50 or more 3.3 4.6 12.1 23.5 44.7 8.2 12.3 22.4 37.1 53.4 2.2 2.4 5.0 15.2 30.8
90 or more 2.5 2.6 5.3 8.5 13.0 5.0 4.9 7.0 9.7 15.8 1.8 1.6 2.8 7.1 10.9
100 1.8 1.7 2.6 2.5 2.0 3.8 2.2 1.8 1.9 1.7 1.5 0.9 1.7 3.0 3.1
Mean proportion 3.3 5.1 12.2 23.0 40.2 8.5 13.1 22.6 33.6 48.0 2.3 2.4 5.9 15.1 28.2
Mean proportion (recipients only) 68.0 49.7 56.0 55.6 62.0 56.4 50.1 50.8 58.1 64.1 74.3 52.9 49.9 59.9 62.7
Number (thousands) 5,978 6,865 6,867 6,877 6,837 2,676 2,880 2,860 2,857 2,854 3,278 4,010 3,992 4,004 4,012
  Retirement benefits
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 18.7 5.0 5.8 8.8 14.3 15.1 5.3 7.6 10.2 15.7 22.7 4.1 5.0 7.4 13.1
1–19 0.4 0.6 1.0 3.5 16.8 0.6 1.6 2.5 7.8 24.4 0.2 0.5 0.7 1.0 9.4
20–39 0.9 1.4 5.3 13.3 21.7 1.6 5.3 12.8 20.1 23.0 1.1 0.6 1.7 6.9 17.7
40–59 2.4 4.3 10.6 13.2 13.5 3.9 7.4 13.8 16.8 13.0 2.6 1.9 5.4 14.3 12.1
60–79 4.3 6.8 10.8 14.8 12.3 6.0 11.1 16.6 14.4 11.4 4.4 4.9 7.9 12.1 12.4
80 or more 73.4 81.9 66.5 46.5 21.3 72.9 69.3 46.7 30.6 12.5 68.9 88.0 79.3 58.3 35.3
50 or more 79.0 91.2 83.3 68.0 39.9 80.6 84.4 71.2 52.3 29.9 75.2 93.9 90.6 78.7 53.4
90 or more 69.2 75.9 58.4 37.8 14.8 66.4 59.1 37.5 23.0 7.4 64.9 83.5 72.9 51.2 27.8
100 48.3 41.0 20.4 7.4 1.4 35.3 18.2 6.5 2.7 0.7 47.0 52.8 36.7 15.7 4.9
Mean proportion 77.0 88.1 79.4 66.1 43.8 78.2 80.6 67.7 54.5 35.3 72.9 91.6 86.9 74.6 54.9
Mean proportion (recipients only) 94.8 92.7 84.3 72.5 51.0 92.0 85.2 73.3 60.8 41.9 94.4 95.5 91.5 80.6 63.1
Number (thousands) 5,978 6,865 6,867 6,877 6,837 2,676 2,880 2,860 2,857 2,854 3,278 4,010 3,992 4,004 4,012
  Social Security
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 21.3 6.4 8.1 12.4 20.5 17.2 7.0 9.3 13.8 22.4 25.5 5.7 6.5 10.1 20.8
1–19 0.5 0.9 2.1 6.4 34.6 0.7 1.9 4.1 15.9 47.1 0.5 0.5 1.2 2.7 21.4
20–39 1.3 2.5 11.0 32.0 35.6 2.0 7.9 23.1 44.7 28.8 1.4 1.2 3.3 17.1 42.0
40–59 2.5 7.5 24.1 28.7 8.1 4.6 14.1 37.7 22.5 1.5 2.6 3.2 10.6 35.4 12.5
60–79 4.7 15.5 22.8 14.1 1.0 8.6 27.3 19.3 2.5 0.1 4.9 7.6 20.9 23.3 1.7
80 or more 69.6 67.2 31.9 6.5 0.2 66.8 41.8 6.5 0.6 0.0 64.9 81.8 57.6 11.4 1.6
50 or more 76.0 87.0 68.0 33.0 2.9 77.3 77.4 44.1 8.8 0.3 71.8 91.2 84.6 54.3 6.7
90 or more 64.7 57.4 23.4 3.4 0.1 58.7 29.8 2.9 0.3 0.0 60.8 73.8 46.9 6.6 1.1
100 45.8 32.1 9.8 1.0 0.0 31.3 10.8 0.6 0.1 0.0 45.2 47.3 24.7 3.3 0.5
Mean proportion 73.7 80.9 62.1 40.5 18.8 74.2 68.6 45.7 28.4 13.8 69.5 87.5 76.9 50.2 23.8
Mean proportion (recipients only) 93.7 86.4 67.6 46.2 23.7 89.6 73.7 50.3 32.9 17.8 93.3 92.8 82.2 55.9 30.0
Number (thousands) 5,978 6,865 6,867 6,877 6,837 2,676 2,880 2,860 2,857 2,854 3,278 4,010 3,992 4,004 4,012
  Government employee pensions
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 98.6 94.5 85.1 76.0 68.2 96.9 87.9 81.2 70.1 67.0 99.0 97.1 91.9 80.0 68.3
1–19 0.5 1.8 5.0 6.8 11.9 1.7 6.0 7.4 10.1 14.7 0.5 1.0 2.3 5.2 6.9
20–39 0.2 1.6 3.7 7.1 9.1 0.5 3.5 5.9 7.3 10.1 0.1 0.7 2.2 5.2 9.3
40–59 0.1 1.2 3.7 5.2 6.3 0.2 1.8 3.1 8.2 4.6 0.0 0.3 2.4 5.3 7.4
60–79 0.2 0.5 1.5 3.4 3.0 0.2 0.6 1.7 2.6 2.8 0.0 0.4 0.7 2.6 5.4
80 or more 0.5 0.4 1.0 1.6 1.5 0.5 0.3 0.7 1.8 0.8 0.4 0.4 0.6 1.6 2.7
50 or more 0.7 1.5 4.1 7.3 6.8 0.8 1.2 3.7 7.4 5.0 0.4 1.0 2.2 6.7 11.5
90 or more 0.3 0.4 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.5 0.2 0.3 1.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 1.0 1.5
100 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.3
Mean proportion 0.7 2.0 5.3 9.1 10.3 1.0 2.9 5.9 10.5 9.2 0.4 1.2 3.1 8.0 13.4
Mean proportion (recipients only) 50.0 36.3 35.7 37.9 32.5 33.5 24.1 31.2 35.0 27.8 41.0 40.1 37.8 39.8 42.1
Number (thousands) 5,978 6,865 6,867 6,877 6,837 2,676 2,880 2,860 2,857 2,854 3,278 4,010 3,992 4,004 4,012
  Private pensions or annuities
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 94.0 76.7 54.6 42.5 44.9 87.6 55.5 39.7 41.6 46.2 94.5 87.1 69.3 46.0 45.9
1–19 2.7 13.0 20.0 23.3 26.8 7.6 25.3 24.6 26.1 30.0 1.5 8.6 15.8 18.0 21.8
20–39 0.8 7.8 15.1 18.4 14.4 2.4 14.6 22.5 17.8 12.8 0.6 2.6 12.0 19.6 11.9
40–59 0.7 1.5 8.2 11.5 8.8 1.2 3.6 11.1 10.7 7.1 0.9 0.7 1.9 13.1 11.8
60–79 0.4 0.4 1.8 3.9 4.3 0.4 0.9 1.7 3.4 3.4 0.5 0.3 0.5 2.8 7.4
80 or more 1.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.9 0.7 0.1 0.4 0.5 0.4 1.9 0.8 0.4 0.5 1.3
50 or more 2.0 1.4 5.0 9.3 8.9 1.7 1.9 6.0 8.7 6.9 2.8 1.2 1.3 8.2 14.0
90 or more 1.1 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.0 0.3 0.4 0.0 1.3 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
100 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.0
Mean proportion 2.4 5.0 11.8 16.3 14.5 2.9 9.0 15.9 15.5 12.3 2.9 2.8 6.6 16.2 17.4
Mean proportion (recipients only) 40.3 21.4 26.0 28.3 26.2 23.7 20.2 26.4 26.5 22.9 52.7 21.8 21.4 30.1 32.2
Number (thousands) 5,978 6,865 6,867 6,877 6,837 2,676 2,880 2,860 2,857 2,854 3,278 4,010 3,992 4,004 4,012
  Income from assets
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 66.5 54.3 35.3 23.1 8.8 52.2 32.7 22.9 13.1 5.2 69.6 63.3 49.8 32.0 17.8
1–19 25.0 42.3 57.8 67.0 69.0 39.6 62.3 68.0 74.0 69.5 21.8 33.7 46.2 59.5 62.4
20–39 1.6 2.0 4.4 6.6 11.0 2.1 3.3 6.9 8.1 12.9 1.2 2.0 2.1 5.4 9.3
40–59 0.8 0.8 1.6 1.8 5.8 1.0 0.8 1.4 2.6 7.0 0.5 0.5 1.0 2.5 4.8
60–79 0.2 0.4 0.6 1.2 4.3 0.1 0.6 0.7 1.8 4.6 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.7 4.1
80 or more 6.0 0.3 0.2 0.3 1.1 5.0 0.3 0.0 0.4 0.8 6.8 0.2 0.3 0.0 1.5
50 or more 6.5 1.0 1.3 2.0 8.3 5.4 1.0 1.2 3.8 8.4 7.2 0.6 1.3 1.5 7.8
90 or more 6.0 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.4 5.0 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.2 6.8 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.6
100 5.9 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 5.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 6.8 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.3
Mean proportion 7.3 2.4 4.1 5.7 12.5 7.1 3.6 5.1 7.4 13.9 7.9 1.8 2.7 4.8 11.3
Mean proportion (recipients only) 21.8 5.3 6.3 7.4 13.7 14.9 5.4 6.6 8.5 14.7 26.1 4.8 5.4 7.1 13.7
Number (thousands) 5,978 6,865 6,867 6,877 6,837 2,676 2,880 2,860 2,857 2,854 3,278 4,010 3,992 4,004 4,012
  Cash public assistance
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 85.2 94.9 97.6 99.0 99.3 93.2 98.1 98.6 98.9 99.6 79.8 93.8 95.9 97.6 99.4
1–19 3.2 1.2 0.9 0.6 0.6 1.1 0.6 1.0 0.9 0.4 3.7 2.2 1.0 1.1 0.5
20–39 2.4 1.3 0.9 0.3 0.1 1.2 0.7 0.3 0.2 0.0 3.0 1.6 1.0 0.8 0.1
40–59 0.9 1.3 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.8 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.0 1.4 0.6 1.4 0.3 0.0
60–79 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.0
80 or more 7.7 1.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 3.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 11.4 1.4 0.5 0.1 0.0
50 or more 8.6 1.8 0.3 0.0 0.0 3.9 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 12.4 2.0 1.3 0.3 0.0
90 or more 7.7 1.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 3.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 11.3 1.3 0.5 0.1 0.0
100 6.6 0.9 0.1 0.0 0.0 3.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 10.0 0.8 0.4 0.1 0.0
Mean proportion 9.6 2.3 0.7 0.2 0.1 4.4 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.0 13.7 2.6 1.7 0.6 0.1
Mean proportion (recipients only) 64.8 45.5 28.2 15.9 10.2 64.9 28.6 14.0 11.4 8.2 68.1 42.2 41.2 25.4 15.1
Number (thousands) 5,978 6,865 6,867 6,877 6,837 2,676 2,880 2,860 2,857 2,854 3,278 4,010 3,992 4,004 4,012
NOTES: Units with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
Quintile limits are $13,499, $23,592, $39,298, and $72,129 for all units; $27,538, $44,424, $67,621, and $108,703 for married couples; and $10,859, $16,552, $24,400, and $41,151 for nonmarried persons.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or SNAP benefits) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Family Income Sources for Aged Persons Table 8.B1 Percentage distribution, by source of family income, sex, and age, 2014
Proportion of family income All persons Men Women
55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older 55–61 62–64 65 or older
  Earnings
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 14.3 26.1 59.5 13.4 23.8 56.2 15.2 28.2 62.1
1–19 1.9 4.5 5.9 1.5 3.9 6.1 2.2 4.9 5.7
20–39 3.3 5.2 5.8 2.8 5.1 6.5 3.6 5.4 5.2
40–59 6.4 9.3 7.9 5.5 9.2 8.6 7.2 9.4 7.3
60–79 11.5 12.8 9.2 10.9 12.7 10.3 12.0 12.9 8.4
80 or more 62.7 42.1 11.7 65.9 45.3 12.3 59.8 39.1 11.3
50 or more 77.8 59.5 25.3 79.9 62.5 27.2 75.8 56.7 23.8
90 or more 53.3 32.9 7.7 56.2 35.9 8.2 50.6 30.1 7.2
100 14.4 8.1 2.2 15.3 9.0 2.2 13.6 7.3 2.2
Mean proportion 73.1 55.8 23.7 75.2 58.8 25.5 71.1 53.1 22.2
Mean proportion (recipients only) 85.3 75.5 58.4 86.7 77.1 58.3 83.9 74.0 58.6
Number (thousands) 28,548 10,746 45,079 13,765 5,150 20,023 14,783 5,596 25,055
  Retirement benefits
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 67.9 41.8 10.0 71.7 46.5 10.4 64.4 37.6 9.7
1–19 9.2 13.9 7.9 8.6 13.8 8.4 9.8 14.0 7.5
20–39 7.3 11.5 11.7 6.4 10.3 12.7 8.1 12.6 10.9
40–59 4.6 7.6 10.8 3.7 6.7 11.7 5.3 8.5 10.2
60–79 3.1 6.2 10.9 2.6 5.6 11.7 3.6 6.8 10.2
80 or more 7.9 18.9 48.7 7.0 17.1 45.1 8.7 20.4 51.5
50 or more 13.0 29.1 65.0 11.2 25.8 62.7 14.6 32.1 66.9
90 or more 6.6 16.0 41.6 5.9 14.9 37.8 7.2 17.0 44.7
100 3.5 6.8 16.0 3.4 6.6 13.6 3.5 7.1 17.9
Mean proportion 15.1 31.2 64.7 13.1 28.2 62.4 16.9 34.0 66.5
Mean proportion (recipients only) 47.1 53.7 71.9 46.4 52.6 69.7 47.6 54.5 73.6
Number (thousands) 28,548 10,746 45,079 13,765 5,150 20,023 14,783 5,596 25,055
  Social Security
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 77.4 52.7 13.0 81.1 58.3 13.6 73.8 47.5 12.6
1–19 7.3 15.0 13.7 6.1 13.8 15.0 8.3 16.1 12.6
20–39 5.9 11.7 19.7 4.5 9.8 21.4 7.3 13.4 18.3
40–59 3.0 6.6 15.6 2.5 5.5 15.8 3.5 7.6 15.4
60–79 1.8 3.9 11.6 1.6 3.3 11.2 2.0 4.3 12.0
80 or more 4.7 10.2 26.5 4.2 9.3 23.0 5.1 11.0 29.2
50 or more 7.7 17.3 45.1 6.8 15.1 41.0 8.5 19.2 48.3
90 or more 4.0 8.9 21.5 3.6 8.4 18.5 4.3 9.4 24.0
100 2.7 5.3 11.3 2.7 5.0 9.2 2.7 5.7 12.9
Mean proportion 9.8 20.9 48.7 8.3 18.4 45.8 11.1 23.2 51.1
Mean proportion (recipients only) 43.1 44.2 56.0 44.2 44.1 53.0 42.3 44.3 58.4
Number (thousands) 28,548 10,746 45,079 13,765 5,150 20,023 14,783 5,596 25,055
  Government employee pensions
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 92.8 86.8 82.5 93.7 87.2 82.0 92.1 86.5 82.9
1–19 3.0 5.4 6.7 2.7 5.2 6.9 3.3 5.6 6.5
20–39 2.0 3.6 5.0 1.8 3.5 5.1 2.1 3.6 4.9
40–59 1.1 2.6 3.2 0.9 2.3 3.3 1.3 2.8 3.1
60–79 0.5 0.9 1.7 0.4 1.0 1.7 0.6 0.8 1.7
80 or more 0.5 0.7 0.9 0.5 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.9
50 or more 1.5 2.6 3.8 1.3 2.4 3.8 1.7 2.8 3.9
90 or more 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5
100 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1
Mean proportion 2.3 4.0 5.6 2.0 4.0 5.8 2.5 4.1 5.5
Mean proportion (recipients only) 31.6 30.7 32.2 31.2 31.1 31.9 32.0 30.4 32.4
Number (thousands) 28,548 10,746 45,079 13,765 5,150 20,023 14,783 5,596 25,055
  Private pensions or annuities
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 87.8 76.7 58.8 89.2 78.8 56.9 86.4 74.7 60.2
1–19 6.9 12.3 20.5 6.1 11.3 21.2 7.7 13.3 20.0
20–39 2.6 5.5 12.2 2.2 4.9 12.7 3.0 6.1 11.8
40–59 1.5 3.3 6.1 1.3 3.0 6.6 1.7 3.6 5.6
60–79 0.5 1.2 2.0 0.5 1.0 2.2 0.5 1.4 1.8
80 or more 0.7 0.9 0.5 0.7 1.0 0.5 0.7 0.9 0.6
50 or more 1.8 3.5 4.9 1.7 3.2 5.3 1.8 3.8 4.5
90 or more 0.5 0.7 0.3 0.5 0.7 0.3 0.6 0.7 0.4
100 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.1
Mean proportion 3.0 6.0 10.1 2.8 5.4 10.7 3.3 6.5 9.7
Mean proportion (recipients only) 24.7 25.6 24.5 25.5 25.4 24.8 24.2 25.7 24.3
Number (thousands) 28,548 10,746 45,079 13,765 5,150 20,023 14,783 5,596 25,055
  Income from assets
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 31.1 29.6 31.7 30.9 29.1 29.0 31.2 30.0 33.8
1–19 61.6 60.6 58.0 61.8 60.6 59.8 61.3 60.6 56.6
20–39 3.7 5.4 5.5 3.9 5.6 6.1 3.6 5.3 5.0
40–59 1.7 1.8 2.3 1.6 2.1 2.5 1.9 1.5 2.2
60–79 0.5 1.0 1.3 0.5 0.8 1.4 0.5 1.2 1.3
80 or more 1.3 1.5 1.1 1.2 1.7 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.0
50 or more 2.6 3.4 3.5 2.5 3.5 3.6 2.7 3.3 3.3
90 or more 1.3 1.4 0.9 1.1 1.6 1.0 1.4 1.2 0.9
100 1.1 1.3 0.8 1.1 1.5 0.9 1.2 1.2 0.8
Mean proportion 5.1 6.3 6.4 5.0 6.5 6.9 5.2 6.1 5.9
Mean proportion (recipients only) 7.4 8.9 9.3 7.2 9.2 9.7 7.6 8.7 8.9
Number (thousands) 28,548 10,746 45,079 13,765 5,150 20,023 14,783 5,596 25,055
  Cash public assistance
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 92.1 93.0 94.8 92.6 93.1 95.8 91.7 92.9 93.9
1–19 3.0 2.4 2.3 2.6 2.4 2.0 3.4 2.3 2.5
20–39 1.7 1.5 1.1 1.6 1.3 0.9 1.8 1.6 1.4
40–59 0.8 0.9 0.6 0.7 1.0 0.5 0.9 0.9 0.6
60–79 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.3
80 or more 2.0 1.9 1.0 2.1 1.8 0.7 1.9 2.0 1.3
50 or more 2.6 2.6 1.5 2.7 2.5 1.0 2.5 2.7 1.8
90 or more 1.9 1.8 1.0 2.1 1.7 0.6 1.7 1.8 1.3
100 1.6 1.5 0.8 1.8 1.3 0.6 1.4 1.6 1.0
Mean proportion 3.4 3.2 2.0 3.4 3.1 1.4 3.3 3.3 2.4
Mean proportion (recipients only) 42.7 46.0 37.8 45.9 45.4 34.2 40.1 46.5 39.7
Number (thousands) 28,548 10,746 45,079 13,765 5,150 20,023 14,783 5,596 25,055
NOTES: Persons in families with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or SNAP benefits) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Family Income Sources for Persons 65 or Older Table 8.B2 Percentage distribution, by income source, sex, and age, 2014
Proportion of family income All persons Men Women
65–69 70–74 75–79 80 or older 65–69 70–74 75–79 80 or older 65–69 70–74 75–79 80 or older
  Earnings
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 42.4 59.3 69.2 76.9 39.5 57.0 66.6 75.3 45.0 61.2 71.3 77.9
1–19 7.2 7.3 5.3 3.2 6.6 7.5 5.8 4.0 7.6 7.1 4.8 2.7
20–39 7.3 6.9 4.7 3.4 7.5 7.6 5.8 4.4 7.3 6.3 3.7 2.8
40–59 10.4 8.9 6.5 4.2 10.9 9.2 7.3 4.8 10.0 8.6 5.8 3.7
60–79 13.2 9.0 6.7 5.6 14.6 9.8 7.5 5.5 11.9 8.3 6.0 5.6
80 or more 19.5 8.7 7.7 6.8 20.9 9.0 7.0 5.9 18.2 8.4 8.3 7.3
50 or more 38.7 22.7 17.7 14.4 41.6 24.1 18.1 13.7 36.0 21.5 17.4 14.9
90 or more 13.0 5.4 4.7 4.4 14.0 6.0 4.0 4.2 12.0 4.9 5.4 4.6
100 3.5 1.6 1.6 1.5 3.4 1.6 1.3 1.8 3.5 1.5 1.9 1.4
Mean proportion 35.7 21.6 17.0 13.6 38.2 22.9 17.5 13.4 33.4 20.5 16.5 13.7
Mean proportion (recipients only) 61.9 53.0 55.1 58.8 63.2 53.3 52.5 54.4 60.7 52.8 57.5 62.0
Number (thousands) 15,426 10,983 7,836 10,835 7,238 5,056 3,516 4,214 8,188 5,927 4,320 6,621
  Retirement benefits
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 15.9 7.5 6.5 6.6 17.1 7.7 4.9 6.9 14.9 7.4 7.8 6.5
1–19 11.8 6.6 5.7 5.2 12.9 6.9 5.9 4.4 10.8 6.3 5.5 5.8
20–39 15.3 11.6 9.3 8.4 16.0 12.7 10.8 8.8 14.7 10.7 8.0 8.2
40–59 11.6 12.6 9.7 8.8 12.3 13.2 10.8 9.6 10.9 12.2 8.9 8.2
60–79 10.8 11.6 11.6 9.9 10.5 12.1 12.9 12.3 11.0 11.1 10.5 8.3
80 or more 34.6 50.0 57.2 61.1 31.2 47.4 54.7 58.1 37.7 52.2 59.3 63.0
50 or more 51.0 68.0 74.0 75.6 47.6 66.2 73.7 75.4 54.0 69.5 74.3 75.7
90 or more 28.8 42.2 49.0 54.0 25.8 38.9 45.6 50.5 31.4 45.0 51.7 56.2
100 11.0 15.6 18.8 21.6 10.0 13.7 15.7 18.1 11.9 17.3 21.4 23.8
Mean proportion 52.6 67.1 72.0 74.1 49.8 65.4 71.3 73.2 55.2 68.6 72.5 74.6
Mean proportion (recipients only) 62.6 72.6 77.0 79.3 60.0 70.9 75.0 78.6 64.8 74.1 78.7 79.7
Number (thousands) 15,426 10,983 7,836 10,835 7,238 5,056 3,516 4,214 8,188 5,927 4,320 6,621
  Social Security
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 20.4 9.8 8.7 8.9 22.3 10.2 6.4 8.6 18.8 9.5 10.6 9.1
1–19 17.5 13.0 11.3 10.7 19.4 13.4 12.8 11.4 15.8 12.7 10.0 10.2
20–39 21.2 21.4 19.0 16.2 21.4 23.3 21.8 18.8 21.0 19.8 16.7 14.6
40–59 13.6 17.5 16.7 15.6 12.8 17.7 17.8 17.3 14.3 17.3 15.9 14.5
60–79 9.3 12.3 14.1 12.4 8.5 11.4 14.1 12.9 9.9 13.0 14.1 12.1
80 or more 18.0 26.0 30.3 36.1 15.6 24.1 27.2 31.1 20.1 27.7 32.8 39.4
50 or more 33.1 46.0 52.1 55.9 29.4 43.3 49.4 51.4 36.5 48.4 54.2 58.8
90 or more 14.5 21.0 24.5 29.8 12.4 19.2 21.7 25.2 16.4 22.6 26.7 32.7
100 7.9 10.8 12.9 15.3 6.9 9.5 10.3 12.1 8.8 12.0 15.1 17.3
Mean proportion 38.8 50.1 54.4 57.5 35.7 48.2 52.9 54.5 41.4 51.8 55.6 59.3
Mean proportion (recipients only) 48.7 55.6 59.6 63.1 46.0 53.7 56.5 59.6 51.0 57.2 62.2 65.3
Number (thousands) 15,426 10,983 7,836 10,835 7,238 5,056 3,516 4,214 8,188 5,927 4,320 6,621
  Government employee pensions
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 82.7 81.9 82.2 83.1 83.0 81.9 81.0 81.2 82.4 81.8 83.2 84.2
1–19 7.3 6.8 6.5 5.8 7.3 6.9 7.0 6.3 7.4 6.8 6.1 5.4
20–39 4.9 5.0 5.4 4.9 4.7 4.8 5.9 5.7 5.0 5.1 5.0 4.5
40–59 2.8 3.7 3.2 3.4 2.6 4.2 3.1 3.7 2.9 3.3 3.2 3.1
60–79 1.6 1.6 1.9 1.8 1.5 1.3 2.2 2.1 1.6 1.9 1.6 1.6
80 or more 0.8 1.0 0.8 1.1 0.9 1.0 0.7 1.0 0.7 1.0 0.9 1.1
50 or more 3.2 4.2 4.0 4.3 3.1 4.0 4.0 4.6 3.3 4.3 4.0 4.0
90 or more 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6
100 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2
Mean proportion 5.2 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.1 5.9 6.1 6.4 5.3 5.9 5.6 5.5
Mean proportion (recipients only) 30.0 32.7 32.7 34.4 29.9 32.7 32.2 34.0 30.1 32.7 33.2 34.7
Number (thousands) 15,426 10,983 7,836 10,835 7,238 5,056 3,516 4,214 8,188 5,927 4,320 6,621
  Private pensions or annuities
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 64.1 55.2 53.8 58.3 64.1 54.1 51.1 52.9 64.1 56.2 56.0 61.8
1–19 18.7 22.6 21.9 20.1 18.3 23.2 23.2 22.0 19.1 22.1 20.9 18.9
20–39 9.8 13.2 14.7 12.6 9.8 13.2 15.8 14.3 9.9 13.1 13.8 11.4
40–59 5.1 6.6 6.6 6.4 5.3 7.1 6.8 8.0 5.0 6.1 6.5 5.4
60–79 1.8 2.0 2.4 1.8 2.0 2.0 2.9 2.1 1.6 2.0 2.0 1.6
80 or more 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.7 0.3 0.5 0.7 0.8
50 or more 4.3 5.2 5.8 4.8 4.6 5.6 6.0 5.8 4.0 4.9 5.5 4.2
90 or more 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.5
100 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2
Mean proportion 8.6 10.8 11.7 10.6 8.8 11.1 12.2 12.2 8.3 10.5 11.2 9.5
Mean proportion (recipients only) 23.8 24.1 25.2 25.3 24.5 24.2 24.9 25.9 23.2 24.0 25.5 24.9
Number (thousands) 15,426 10,983 7,836 10,835 7,238 5,056 3,516 4,214 8,188 5,927 4,320 6,621
  Income from assets
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 29.7 30.7 33.2 34.4 28.2 29.2 28.4 30.3 31.0 32.0 37.1 36.9
1–19 60.4 58.9 57.2 54.5 61.8 59.4 60.8 56.0 59.1 58.5 54.2 53.5
20–39 5.7 5.6 5.1 5.3 5.7 6.6 5.7 6.8 5.7 4.8 4.6 4.4
40–59 2.0 2.4 2.1 2.9 2.1 2.5 2.7 3.2 1.9 2.3 1.7 2.7
60–79 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.8 1.1 1.2 1.5 2.1 1.4 1.1 0.8 1.6
80 or more 1.0 1.2 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.2 0.9 1.6 0.8 1.3 1.5 0.8
50 or more 3.0 3.4 3.3 4.3 3.1 3.3 3.5 5.0 3.0 3.5 3.0 3.8
90 or more 0.8 1.1 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.1 0.7 1.1 0.7 1.1 1.2 0.7
100 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.7 1.1 0.6 1.1 1.0 0.7
Mean proportion 6.1 6.4 6.2 6.8 6.3 6.8 6.9 8.1 5.9 6.1 5.7 5.9
Mean proportion (recipients only) 8.6 9.3 9.3 10.3 8.7 9.6 9.6 11.6 8.5 9.0 9.0 9.4
Number (thousands) 15,426 10,983 7,836 10,835 7,238 5,056 3,516 4,214 8,188 5,927 4,320 6,621
  Cash public assistance
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 94.7 95.0 94.8 94.7 95.7 95.6 96.0 96.3 93.8 94.4 93.8 93.6
1–19 2.3 2.5 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.4 1.6 1.4 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.7
20–39 1.1 1.1 1.3 1.2 0.6 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.5 1.1 1.6 1.3
40–59 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.2 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.5
60–79 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3
80 or more 1.1 0.7 1.1 1.3 0.7 0.4 0.6 1.0 1.3 1.0 1.5 1.5
50 or more 1.5 1.1 1.6 1.6 1.1 0.7 1.0 1.1 1.9 1.5 2.0 1.9
90 or more 1.0 0.7 1.0 1.2 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.9 1.3 1.0 1.4 1.5
100 0.8 0.6 0.9 1.1 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 0.8 1.2 1.3
Mean proportion 2.0 1.6 2.1 2.2 1.5 1.2 1.5 1.5 2.5 2.0 2.6 2.6
Mean proportion (recipients only) 37.6 32.7 40.4 41.0 34.7 26.9 37.0 41.1 39.4 36.6 42.2 41.0
Number (thousands) 15,426 10,983 7,836 10,835 7,238 5,056 3,516 4,214 8,188 5,927 4,320 6,621
NOTES: Persons in families with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or SNAP benefits) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Family Income Sources for Persons 65 or Older Table 8.B3 Percentage distribution, by income source, sex, and marital status, 2014
Proportion of family income All persons Men Women
Married Nonmarried Married Nonmarried Married Nonmarried
Total Widowed Divorced Never married Total Widowed Divorced Never married Total Widowed Divorced Never married
  Earnings
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 53.6 66.9 71.2 61.0 64.0 50.9 68.5 71.7 67.2 64.1 57.0 66.3 71.0 57.0 63.9
1–19 7.4 3.9 3.6 4.9 4.5 7.2 3.7 3.1 3.6 6.6 7.7 4.1 3.7 5.8 2.8
20–39 7.3 3.9 3.5 4.5 4.7 7.4 4.4 4.4 5.0 3.6 7.1 3.7 3.3 4.2 5.5
40–59 9.2 6.1 6.0 7.1 4.9 9.8 5.6 6.3 5.5 5.4 8.5 6.3 5.9 8.1 4.5
60–79 10.1 8.1 7.5 8.8 7.6 11.3 7.8 7.1 7.7 7.3 8.6 8.2 7.6 9.5 7.8
80 or more 12.4 11.0 8.3 13.7 14.3 13.3 10.0 7.5 11.0 13.0 11.2 11.4 8.5 15.4 15.4
50 or more 27.7 22.2 18.9 26.1 24.2 30.1 20.4 17.0 21.7 23.5 24.7 23.0 19.4 29.0 24.7
90 or more 8.0 7.2 4.7 9.8 11.5 8.6 7.2 4.4 8.3 11.3 7.2 7.2 4.8 10.8 11.7
100 2.0 2.5 1.4 3.3 4.9 2.1 2.5 1.3 3.1 4.0 1.9 2.4 1.5 3.5 5.5
Mean proportion 26.1 20.6 17.3 24.5 23.3 28.2 19.3 16.5 20.5 21.9 23.6 21.1 17.5 27.1 24.4
Mean proportion (recipients only) 56.3 62.2 59.9 62.8 64.7 57.4 61.2 58.3 62.4 61.0 54.8 62.6 60.4 63.0 67.7
Number (thousands) 25,390 19,689 11,004 5,482 2,133 14,047 5,977 2,397 2,149 950 11,343 13,713 8,607 3,334 1,182
  Retirement benefits
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 9.5 10.6 6.9 13.2 21.0 10.3 10.6 5.6 11.5 20.4 8.5 10.7 7.3 14.3 21.5
1–19 8.4 7.2 7.1 7.4 5.3 9.1 6.7 7.5 6.5 4.2 7.6 7.4 7.1 7.9 6.2
20–39 13.1 9.9 9.2 11.2 8.1 14.0 9.8 8.7 10.1 10.5 12.0 9.9 9.4 11.9 6.2
40–59 11.9 9.4 9.5 9.8 8.5 12.2 10.4 11.4 10.1 9.2 11.5 9.0 9.0 9.6 8.0
60–79 12.3 9.1 8.8 10.1 8.5 12.0 11.0 12.1 11.5 9.2 12.7 8.3 7.9 9.1 8.0
80 or more 44.7 53.7 58.3 48.4 48.6 42.3 51.5 54.7 50.3 46.6 47.7 54.7 59.4 47.1 50.1
50 or more 63.0 67.7 72.1 63.3 61.8 60.3 68.3 73.1 67.6 60.7 66.2 67.5 71.8 60.6 62.6
90 or more 36.9 47.8 52.4 42.7 41.8 34.8 44.9 48.6 44.0 38.3 39.5 49.0 53.5 41.9 44.7
100 10.9 22.6 24.1 21.5 19.3 10.4 21.3 21.3 23.0 16.4 11.6 23.2 24.9 20.5 21.6
Mean proportion 62.6 67.3 71.6 63.3 60.4 60.5 66.9 71.1 66.0 59.7 65.2 67.5 71.7 61.6 61.0
Mean proportion (recipients only) 69.2 75.4 76.9 73.0 76.5 67.5 74.8 75.3 74.6 75.0 71.2 75.6 77.3 71.9 77.7
Number (thousands) 25,390 19,689 11,004 5,482 2,133 14,047 5,977 2,397 2,149 950 11,343 13,713 8,607 3,334 1,182
  Social Security
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 12.4 13.9 9.6 17.1 25.7 13.4 13.9 8.0 15.9 23.9 11.1 13.9 10.1 17.9 27.1
1–19 15.5 11.3 11.8 10.3 9.6 16.2 12.2 14.9 10.0 10.1 14.6 10.9 10.9 10.6 9.1
20–39 22.1 16.6 16.2 17.8 15.2 22.7 18.4 17.3 19.2 18.5 21.3 15.8 15.8 16.9 12.6
40–59 17.1 13.7 14.5 13.6 10.6 16.4 14.6 17.2 13.6 11.7 17.9 13.3 13.7 13.6 9.8
60–79 11.7 11.5 11.9 11.8 10.4 11.1 11.2 12.4 11.4 9.0 12.4 11.6 11.8 12.1 11.6
80 or more 21.3 33.1 36.1 29.4 28.5 20.2 29.8 30.2 29.9 26.7 22.7 34.6 37.7 29.0 29.9
50 or more 40.2 51.3 55.1 48.0 44.6 38.2 47.8 50.4 48.2 40.6 42.7 52.9 56.4 47.8 47.8
90 or more 16.4 28.1 30.6 25.8 23.2 15.6 25.1 26.2 26.4 20.4 17.4 29.3 31.8 25.4 25.3
100 7.1 16.7 17.6 15.6 15.6 6.9 14.8 14.4 16.0 12.6 7.3 17.5 18.5 15.2 18.0
Mean proportion 45.2 53.3 56.8 50.1 45.8 43.7 50.9 53.6 50.9 44.4 47.2 54.3 57.7 49.6 46.9
Mean proportion (recipients only) 51.6 61.8 62.9 60.5 61.6 50.4 59.1 58.3 60.5 58.4 53.0 63.0 64.2 60.5 64.4
Number (thousands) 25,390 19,689 11,004 5,482 2,133 14,047 5,977 2,397 2,149 950 11,343 13,713 8,607 3,334 1,182
  Government employee pensions
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 79.6 86.2 85.8 87.1 83.6 80.2 86.2 85.7 86.2 84.8 78.9 86.2 85.8 87.7 82.7
1–19 8.7 4.1 4.4 3.8 4.4 8.5 3.3 3.3 3.1 3.8 8.9 4.5 4.6 4.2 4.9
20–39 5.7 4.1 4.5 3.9 4.0 5.5 4.3 5.3 4.0 3.5 5.9 4.1 4.2 3.9 4.4
40–59 3.5 2.9 2.9 2.6 3.9 3.4 3.1 2.9 3.1 4.1 3.5 2.8 2.9 2.2 3.6
60–79 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 2.6 1.5 2.0 1.9 2.4 2.3 1.8 1.5 1.5 1.1 2.9
80 or more 0.8 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.5 0.8 1.1 0.9 1.2 1.5 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.6
50 or more 3.7 4.0 4.0 3.7 5.2 3.5 4.5 4.2 5.0 4.7 3.9 3.8 4.0 2.9 5.6
90 or more 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.7 0.9
100 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
Mean proportion 6.0 5.1 5.0 4.9 6.6 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.8 6.3 6.3 4.9 4.9 4.4 6.8
Mean proportion (recipients only) 29.7 37.0 35.5 38.1 40.4 29.4 40.4 38.1 42.1 41.7 29.9 35.5 34.8 35.3 39.4
Number (thousands) 25,390 19,689 11,004 5,482 2,133 14,047 5,977 2,397 2,149 950 11,343 13,713 8,607 3,334 1,182
  Private pensions or annuities
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 52.3 67.1 63.9 69.9 72.9 53.4 65.2 58.8 69.0 71.2 50.8 68.0 65.3 70.5 74.3
1–19 24.6 15.3 17.2 13.3 11.6 24.1 14.3 16.9 12.6 11.9 25.3 15.7 17.3 13.7 11.4
20–39 14.1 9.6 10.7 9.0 7.8 13.7 10.3 12.5 9.2 8.2 14.7 9.3 10.2 8.9 7.5
40–59 6.7 5.2 5.4 5.5 4.1 6.6 6.6 8.6 5.8 4.1 6.8 4.6 4.5 5.3 4.1
60–79 1.9 2.1 2.0 1.8 2.6 1.8 3.0 2.9 2.7 3.5 1.9 1.7 1.8 1.2 1.9
80 or more 0.4 0.7 0.8 0.5 1.0 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.6 1.2 0.4 0.7 0.9 0.4 0.8
50 or more 4.9 4.8 5.0 4.7 5.0 4.8 6.5 7.6 5.7 6.1 5.1 4.1 4.2 4.0 4.0
90 or more 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.7
100 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
Mean proportion 11.2 8.8 9.4 8.2 8.0 10.9 10.2 11.8 9.1 8.9 11.5 8.1 8.7 7.6 7.2
Mean proportion (recipients only) 23.4 26.7 26.0 27.2 29.5 23.4 29.3 28.5 29.4 31.0 23.4 25.4 25.2 25.7 28.2
Number (thousands) 25,390 19,689 11,004 5,482 2,133 14,047 5,977 2,397 2,149 950 11,343 13,713 8,607 3,334 1,182
  Income from assets
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 23.9 41.7 40.4 42.7 44.8 23.9 40.8 36.6 44.0 41.8 23.8 42.2 41.5 41.8 47.2
1–19 64.2 50.1 51.3 49.4 46.8 64.3 49.1 51.5 47.4 47.3 64.0 50.5 51.2 50.7 46.4
20–39 6.6 4.0 4.1 4.1 3.4 6.5 5.2 6.0 4.7 4.2 6.7 3.5 3.6 3.6 2.6
40–59 2.7 1.9 2.1 1.5 2.1 2.6 2.3 3.1 1.6 2.4 2.8 1.7 1.8 1.5 1.9
60–79 1.5 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.5 1.2 1.5 0.9 1.9 1.6 1.1 1.0 1.3 0.6
80 or more 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.2 1.8 1.1 1.5 1.3 1.4 2.4 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.4
50 or more 3.8 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.7 3.7 3.5 3.9 2.8 4.7 3.9 2.9 2.8 3.1 2.9
90 or more 0.9 1.0 0.8 1.1 1.7 0.9 1.2 0.8 1.1 2.3 0.9 0.9 0.8 1.1 1.2
100 0.8 0.9 0.7 1.0 1.7 0.8 1.1 0.7 1.0 2.3 0.8 0.8 0.7 1.1 1.2
Mean proportion 7.3 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.8 7.2 6.2 6.9 5.3 7.5 7.3 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.5
Mean proportion (recipients only) 9.5 8.9 8.7 8.7 10.6 9.4 10.5 10.9 9.4 12.9 9.6 8.2 8.1 8.3 8.5
Number (thousands) 25,390 19,689 11,004 5,482 2,133 14,047 5,977 2,397 2,149 950 11,343 13,713 8,607 3,334 1,182
  Cash public assistance
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 96.9 91.9 93.1 92.3 86.5 96.9 93.3 94.9 94.2 87.9 97.0 91.3 92.6 91.0 85.4
1–19 1.5 3.2 2.9 3.1 4.3 1.7 2.8 2.4 1.9 5.1 1.4 3.5 3.1 4.0 3.7
20–39 0.6 1.8 1.6 1.7 2.8 0.6 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.7 0.7 1.9 1.6 1.9 3.7
40–59 0.3 1.0 0.5 1.3 1.9 0.3 1.2 0.6 1.4 1.4 0.4 0.9 0.5 1.1 2.3
60–79 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.7 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.6
80 or more 0.5 1.7 1.5 1.3 3.8 0.5 1.1 0.5 0.9 3.2 0.5 2.0 1.8 1.6 4.3
50 or more 0.7 2.4 2.0 2.1 5.6 0.6 1.9 0.9 1.6 4.6 0.8 2.7 2.3 2.5 6.3
90 or more 0.5 1.7 1.5 1.3 3.7 0.4 1.0 0.5 0.8 2.9 0.5 2.0 1.7 1.6 4.3
100 0.4 1.4 1.2 1.0 3.2 0.4 0.9 0.4 0.8 2.6 0.4 1.6 1.5 1.1 3.6
Mean proportion 1.0 3.2 2.7 2.9 6.6 0.9 2.5 1.5 2.3 5.5 1.1 3.6 3.0 3.3 7.4
Mean proportion (recipients only) 32.7 40.3 39.4 37.4 48.6 30.7 38.0 30.4 39.9 45.1 35.2 41.0 41.1 36.4 50.9
Number (thousands) 25,390 19,689 11,004 5,482 2,133 14,047 5,977 2,397 2,149 950 11,343 13,713 8,607 3,334 1,182
NOTES: Persons in families with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or SNAP benefits) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Family Income Sources for Persons 65 or Older Table 8.B4 Percentage distribution, by source of family income, family Social Security beneficiary status, sex, and marital status, 2014
Proportion of family income Persons in beneficiary families Persons in nonbeneficiary families
All Men Women All Men Women
Total Married Non- married Total Married Non- married Total Married Non- married Total Married Non- married Total Married Non- married Total Married Non- married
  Earnings
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 64.2 58.4 71.7 61.5 56.1 74.1 66.3 61.2 70.7 28.0 19.8 37.4 22.6 17.7 33.9 32.5 22.9 38.9
1–19 6.5 8.2 4.3 6.8 8.0 4.1 6.3 8.4 4.4 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.9 1.0 1.8 1.6 1.9
20–39 6.4 8.0 4.2 7.2 8.2 4.8 5.7 7.7 4.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.0 1.9 2.1
40–59 8.3 9.6 6.7 8.9 10.2 5.9 7.8 8.8 7.0 5.0 6.8 2.8 6.3 7.4 3.9 3.8 6.0 2.3
60–79 9.4 10.4 8.1 10.4 11.6 7.7 8.6 8.8 8.3 8.1 8.3 7.8 9.0 9.4 8.3 7.3 6.7 7.6
80 or more 5.2 5.4 4.9 5.1 5.8 3.4 5.3 5.0 5.6 55.2 61.2 48.2 58.2 61.5 50.7 52.6 60.9 47.2
50 or more 19.2 21.1 16.6 20.3 23.0 13.9 18.3 18.8 17.8 66.2 74.1 57.2 71.2 75.7 61.0 61.9 71.7 55.5
90 or more 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.0 1.6 1.4 1.7 48.6 53.6 42.9 51.2 53.6 45.8 46.4 53.7 41.6
100 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 17.0 16.3 17.8 16.5 15.8 18.3 17.4 17.1 17.5
Mean proportion 17.8 20.0 15.0 19.0 21.6 13.0 16.9 18.1 15.9 62.7 69.6 54.8 67.0 71.0 58.2 59.0 67.7 53.3
Mean proportion (recipients only) 49.8 48.0 53.2 49.3 49.1 50.2 50.2 46.6 54.3 87.1 86.8 87.5 86.6 86.2 87.9 87.5 87.8 87.3
Number (thousands) 39,203 22,248 16,955 17,309 12,162 5,147 21,894 10,086 11,808 5,875 3,141 2,734 2,714 1,885 830 3,161 1,257 1,905
  Retirement benefits
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 76.7 76.8 76.7 76.8 77.0 76.4 76.7 76.4 76.8
1–19 8.1 8.6 7.5 8.6 9.4 6.8 7.7 7.6 7.8 6.6 7.7 5.3 7.0 7.5 6.0 6.2 7.9 5.0
20–39 12.9 14.4 11.0 14.1 15.6 10.7 12.0 13.1 11.1 3.6 3.9 3.3 4.1 4.0 4.2 3.1 3.6 2.8
40–59 12.0 13.1 10.5 12.9 13.5 11.5 11.3 12.7 10.1 3.1 3.5 2.6 4.0 4.3 3.2 2.3 2.3 2.3
60–79 12.3 13.8 10.3 13.3 13.6 12.6 11.5 14.0 9.3 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.8 2.0 1.7
80 or more 54.7 50.1 60.7 51.1 48.0 58.4 57.5 52.7 61.7 8.4 6.5 10.5 6.6 5.7 8.8 9.9 7.8 11.2
50 or more 73.1 70.5 76.4 71.0 68.3 77.4 74.7 73.2 76.0 11.4 9.5 13.6 9.6 8.7 11.6 13.0 10.7 14.5
90 or more 46.8 41.2 54.1 42.8 39.4 50.9 49.9 43.5 55.4 7.2 5.8 8.8 5.7 5.0 7.2 8.6 7.1 9.5
100 18.1 12.3 25.8 15.5 11.9 24.2 20.2 12.9 26.5 2.0 1.1 3.1 1.6 0.8 3.4 2.4 1.5 3.0
Mean proportion 72.5 69.9 76.0 70.5 68.3 75.6 74.1 71.9 76.1 12.3 10.8 13.9 11.0 10.2 12.6 13.4 11.6 14.5
Mean proportion (recipients only) 72.5 69.9 76.0 70.5 68.3 75.6 74.1 71.9 76.1 52.7 46.5 59.8 47.4 44.6 53.6 57.2 49.2 62.6
Number (thousands) 39,203 22,248 16,955 17,309 12,162 5,147 21,894 10,086 11,808 5,875 3,141 2,734 2,714 1,885 830 3,161 1,257 1,905
  Government employee pensions
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 81.7 78.5 85.9 81.1 79.0 86.0 82.2 77.8 85.9 87.8 88.0 87.6 87.9 88.1 87.3 87.8 87.9 87.8
1–19 7.2 9.3 4.3 7.4 9.1 3.3 7.0 9.6 4.8 3.6 4.2 2.8 4.1 4.5 3.1 3.1 3.8 2.6
20–39 5.4 6.1 4.4 5.5 6.0 4.5 5.3 6.3 4.4 2.6 2.7 2.4 2.8 2.7 3.1 2.3 2.7 2.1
40–59 3.4 3.7 3.1 3.6 3.7 3.4 3.3 3.7 2.9 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.5 1.7 1.0 1.9 1.6 2.2
60–79 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 2.1 1.8 2.0 1.6 0.9 0.6 1.2 0.8 0.5 1.5 0.9 0.8 1.0
80 or more 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.4 3.4 2.8 4.2 2.9 2.4 4.0 3.9 3.3 4.3
50 or more 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.5 4.3 3.6 3.8 3.4 5.1 4.2 6.1 4.4 3.8 5.6 5.7 4.9 6.3
90 or more 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 2.7 2.4 3.0 2.4 2.1 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.9
100 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7 1.3 0.6 0.8 0.5
Mean proportion 5.6 6.2 4.9 5.8 6.0 5.5 5.4 6.4 4.6 5.7 5.0 6.6 5.2 4.6 6.4 6.2 5.5 6.7
Mean proportion (recipients only) 30.7 28.7 34.7 30.9 28.6 39.0 30.5 28.9 32.8 47.2 41.8 53.3 42.6 39.1 50.2 51.2 45.8 54.7
Number (thousands) 39,203 22,248 16,955 17,309 12,162 5,147 21,894 10,086 11,808 5,875 3,141 2,734 2,714 1,885 830 3,161 1,257 1,905
  Private pensions or annuities
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 55.1 47.9 64.4 52.7 48.8 62.1 56.9 46.9 65.5 83.4 83.0 83.9 83.7 83.2 84.8 83.3 82.8 83.6
1–19 22.5 27.0 16.6 23.3 26.6 15.6 21.8 27.4 17.1 7.6 8.2 6.9 7.5 7.8 6.6 7.7 8.7 7.0
20–39 13.6 15.7 10.8 14.2 15.3 11.5 13.1 16.2 10.5 2.5 2.7 2.3 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.3 2.4 2.1
40–59 6.6 7.4 5.6 7.2 7.3 7.1 6.1 7.5 4.9 2.5 2.2 2.8 2.8 2.6 3.2 2.3 1.7 2.6
60–79 2.0 1.9 2.2 2.3 1.9 3.4 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.4 1.8 1.0 1.3 1.5 0.9 1.5 2.2 1.1
80 or more 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.3 2.5 2.1 3.0 2.0 2.0 1.7 3.0 2.1 3.6
50 or more 4.9 5.0 4.8 5.5 4.9 6.9 4.4 5.1 3.8 4.9 4.5 5.3 4.3 4.2 4.5 5.4 4.9 5.7
90 or more 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 2.1 1.8 2.5 1.7 1.7 1.4 2.5 1.9 3.0
100 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.7 0.2 0.0 0.5 0.5 0.0 0.8
Mean proportion 10.8 12.0 9.2 11.5 11.7 11.0 10.2 12.3 8.4 5.8 5.6 6.2 5.4 5.5 5.2 6.2 5.6 6.6
Mean proportion (recipients only) 24.0 23.0 25.8 24.4 22.9 29.0 23.6 23.1 24.3 35.3 32.8 38.4 33.1 32.8 33.9 37.2 32.7 40.3
Number (thousands) 39,203 22,248 16,955 17,309 12,162 5,147 21,894 10,086 11,808 5,875 3,141 2,734 2,714 1,885 830 3,161 1,257 1,905
  Income from assets
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 31.4 23.6 41.7 29.1 23.9 41.4 33.3 23.3 41.8 33.3 25.7 42.0 28.2 24.4 36.9 37.6 27.7 44.2
1–19 59.0 65.1 51.0 60.5 65.1 49.6 57.8 65.0 51.6 51.7 57.9 44.7 55.2 59.3 46.1 48.7 55.7 44.0
20–39 5.6 6.7 4.1 6.2 6.6 5.2 5.1 6.9 3.6 4.8 6.0 3.5 6.0 6.4 5.1 3.8 5.4 2.7
40–59 2.3 2.7 1.9 2.5 2.6 2.2 2.2 2.8 1.7 2.3 2.5 2.2 2.7 2.6 2.9 2.1 2.4 1.9
60–79 1.4 1.6 1.1 1.5 1.6 1.2 1.4 1.7 1.1 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.9
80 or more 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.2 7.1 7.3 6.8 7.1 6.7 8.2 7.0 8.1 6.3
50 or more 2.7 3.1 2.1 2.8 3.0 2.4 2.5 3.2 2.0 8.9 8.9 8.9 9.0 8.5 9.9 8.8 9.4 8.5
90 or more 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.9 6.3 8.2 6.8 7.5 6.3
100 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.5 6.0 7.7 6.4 7.3 5.8
Mean proportion 5.6 6.6 4.3 6.1 6.5 5.1 5.2 6.7 4.0 11.4 12.2 10.5 12.2 11.9 13.0 10.7 12.8 9.4
Mean proportion (recipients only) 8.2 8.6 7.4 8.5 8.5 8.7 7.8 8.7 6.9 17.1 16.5 18.0 17.0 15.7 20.6 17.2 17.7 16.8
Number (thousands) 39,203 22,248 16,955 17,309 12,162 5,147 21,894 10,086 11,808 5,875 3,141 2,734 2,714 1,885 830 3,161 1,257 1,905
  Cash public assistance
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 96.1 97.7 93.9 96.7 97.7 94.4 95.6 97.8 93.6 86.0 91.3 79.9 90.4 92.1 86.7 82.2 90.1 77.0
1–19 2.2 1.3 3.3 1.9 1.5 2.9 2.4 1.1 3.4 3.1 3.1 3.1 2.6 3.0 1.6 3.5 3.3 3.7
20–39 1.1 0.6 1.7 0.9 0.6 1.5 1.3 0.6 1.8 1.5 1.0 2.1 0.9 0.9 0.9 2.1 1.1 2.7
40–59 0.5 0.3 0.9 0.5 0.2 1.0 0.6 0.3 0.8 0.9 0.4 1.4 0.9 0.4 2.0 0.9 0.5 1.2
60–79 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.9 0.2 0.1 0.6 0.7 0.1 1.1
80 or more 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 8.0 4.1 12.5 4.9 3.5 8.1 10.6 4.8 14.4
50 or more 0.3 0.2 0.6 0.3 0.2 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.6 8.9 4.3 14.1 5.7 3.7 10.2 11.6 5.2 15.8
90 or more 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.6 3.8 12.0 4.6 3.3 7.4 10.3 4.6 14.1
100 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 6.4 3.4 9.8 4.1 3.2 6.4 8.3 3.9 11.2
Mean proportion 0.9 0.5 1.4 0.7 0.4 1.4 1.0 0.5 1.4 9.4 4.9 14.6 6.0 4.3 9.9 12.3 5.7 16.7
Mean proportion (recipients only) 22.1 20.1 23.0 21.3 18.3 24.1 22.6 22.4 22.6 67.2 55.8 72.9 62.8 54.1 74.5 69.3 57.8 72.6
Number (thousands) 39,203 22,248 16,955 17,309 12,162 5,147 21,894 10,086 11,808 5,875 3,141 2,734 2,714 1,885 830 3,161 1,257 1,905
NOTES: Persons in families with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or SNAP benefits) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Family Income Sources for Persons 65 or Older Table 8.B5 Percentage distribution, by source of family income, race, Hispanic origin, and sex, 2014
Proportion of family income White alone Black alone Asian alone Hispanic origin
All persons Men Women All persons Men Women All persons Men Women All persons Men Women
  Earnings
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 60.5 57.1 63.2 59.8 57.1 61.7 42.7 39.3 45.5 46.6 46.0 47.1
1–19 6.3 6.5 6.1 4.1 4.3 3.9 2.7 2.6 2.8 3.0 3.2 2.9
20–39 5.8 6.6 5.2 6.1 7.0 5.5 4.2 4.3 4.1 5.4 5.8 5.1
40–59 7.8 8.5 7.3 7.4 7.9 7.1 8.7 10.1 7.6 8.7 10.3 7.5
60–79 8.9 9.9 8.0 10.0 11.5 8.9 13.9 14.9 13.1 12.6 13.2 12.2
80 or more 10.8 11.5 10.2 12.6 12.1 13.0 27.8 28.8 26.9 23.7 21.5 25.3
50 or more 24.0 25.9 22.4 26.6 28.0 25.7 47.0 49.4 45.0 41.6 41.1 42.0
90 or more 7.0 7.6 6.5 8.3 8.5 8.1 18.6 19.8 17.7 17.9 16.9 18.6
100 1.9 2.0 1.9 3.5 3.5 3.5 5.1 6.0 4.3 8.4 8.5 8.3
Mean proportion 22.5 24.4 21.0 24.8 26.1 24.0 42.0 44.4 39.9 37.7 37.0 38.2
Mean proportion (recipients only) 57.0 56.9 57.0 61.8 60.9 62.6 73.2 73.1 73.3 70.7 68.6 72.3
Number (thousands) 38,350 17,179 21,171 4,007 1,611 2,397 1,971 902 1,069 3,528 1,517 2,011
  Retirement benefits
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 8.8 9.3 8.4 12.3 13.1 11.7 26.8 26.4 27.0 21.5 19.5 22.9
1–19 7.6 8.1 7.1 7.5 7.5 7.5 15.3 16.0 14.7 11.5 10.3 12.4
20–39 11.6 12.4 10.8 12.3 13.9 11.3 12.5 15.1 10.4 13.0 14.2 12.1
40–59 10.9 11.8 10.2 9.9 10.6 9.4 9.3 9.1 9.4 9.9 11.5 8.8
60–79 11.2 12.2 10.5 9.0 8.7 9.2 8.3 8.4 8.3 8.0 9.0 7.2
80 or more 49.9 46.1 52.9 49.1 46.3 51.0 27.8 25.0 30.2 36.1 35.5 36.7
50 or more 66.7 64.4 68.6 62.9 60.4 64.6 40.4 38.1 42.4 48.9 50.0 48.0
90 or more 42.4 38.4 45.7 43.9 41.3 45.6 24.7 22.5 26.6 32.2 32.0 32.3
100 15.2 12.8 17.1 25.9 23.5 27.5 11.7 10.9 12.3 19.9 19.7 20.1
Mean proportion 66.0 63.7 67.9 63.8 61.7 65.2 43.0 41.2 44.5 50.9 52.1 50.0
Mean proportion (recipients only) 72.4 70.3 74.2 72.7 71.0 73.8 58.7 56.0 61.0 64.8 64.8 64.8
Number (thousands) 38,350 17,179 21,171 4,007 1,611 2,397 1,971 902 1,069 3,528 1,517 2,011
  Social Security
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 11.8 12.3 11.4 16.0 17.1 15.3 29.8 30.3 29.4 23.4 22.4 24.2
1–19 13.5 14.9 12.3 12.3 13.0 11.8 20.0 20.4 19.7 15.3 14.2 16.1
20–39 20.1 21.9 18.6 17.3 18.6 16.5 16.1 17.4 15.0 14.9 16.2 13.9
40–59 16.1 16.5 15.8 13.4 12.3 14.1 10.3 9.5 11.1 11.8 13.3 10.7
60–79 12.1 11.6 12.5 9.7 8.9 10.3 5.8 5.8 5.9 7.9 8.0 7.8
80 or more 26.4 22.7 29.4 31.3 30.2 32.0 17.9 16.7 19.0 26.7 26.0 27.3
50 or more 45.7 41.4 49.2 47.8 45.6 49.3 28.2 26.3 29.7 39.4 39.5 39.4
90 or more 21.2 18.0 23.9 27.3 26.3 28.0 15.6 14.5 16.5 23.9 23.4 24.2
100 10.6 8.5 12.3 18.8 17.8 19.4 8.8 8.3 9.2 16.4 15.8 16.8
Mean proportion 49.4 46.3 51.9 50.6 48.9 51.7 33.9 32.7 34.8 43.5 44.0 43.1
Mean proportion (recipients only) 56.0 52.8 58.5 60.2 59.0 61.0 48.2 46.9 49.3 56.8 56.7 56.9
Number (thousands) 38,350 17,179 21,171 4,007 1,611 2,397 1,971 902 1,069 3,528 1,517 2,011
  Government employee pensions
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 82.1 81.4 82.6 83.5 83.9 83.3 89.0 89.3 88.8 90.4 89.9 90.7
1–19 6.9 7.1 6.8 5.9 6.7 5.4 4.0 4.8 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4
20–39 5.2 5.3 5.0 4.3 3.9 4.6 3.6 3.5 3.6 2.6 3.1 2.3
40–59 3.2 3.4 3.0 4.0 3.1 4.6 2.0 1.7 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3
60–79 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.4 1.6 1.2 0.9 0.5 1.2 0.7 0.8 0.7
80 or more 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 1.0 0.5 0.3 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.5
50 or more 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.9 3.4 4.2 2.4 1.6 3.2 2.2 2.4 2.1
90 or more 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.4 0.4 0.4
100 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.2
Mean proportion 5.7 5.9 5.6 5.5 5.0 5.8 3.6 3.1 4.0 3.2 3.4 3.1
Mean proportion (recipients only) 31.9 32.0 31.9 33.6 31.4 35.0 32.4 28.5 35.6 33.3 33.1 33.4
Number (thousands) 38,350 17,179 21,171 4,007 1,611 2,397 1,971 902 1,069 3,528 1,517 2,011
  Private pensions or annuities
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 56.2 54.2 57.8 72.9 73.3 72.7 74.0 75.4 72.9 81.4 79.1 83.1
1–19 21.7 22.4 21.2 12.5 12.6 12.4 15.3 13.9 16.4 9.9 10.8 9.3
20–39 13.1 13.6 12.6 7.6 6.9 8.1 5.6 5.4 5.8 5.6 6.6 4.9
40–59 6.5 7.1 5.9 4.2 3.8 4.5 3.7 3.8 3.5 2.4 2.5 2.4
60–79 2.0 2.2 1.8 2.0 2.4 1.7 1.4 1.5 1.4 0.5 0.8 0.2
80 or more 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.1 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2
50 or more 5.1 5.6 4.8 4.1 4.8 3.6 3.1 3.3 2.9 1.5 1.8 1.3
90 or more 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1
100 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0
Mean proportion 10.7 11.3 10.2 7.6 7.7 7.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 4.2 4.7 3.7
Mean proportion (recipients only) 24.5 24.8 24.3 28.0 28.7 27.6 21.1 22.2 20.3 22.3 22.6 22.1
Number (thousands) 38,350 17,179 21,171 4,007 1,611 2,397 1,971 902 1,069 3,528 1,517 2,011
  Income from assets
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 29.1 26.5 31.3 53.0 50.5 54.6 34.4 34.5 34.2 55.4 53.8 56.6
1–19 59.8 61.5 58.5 43.1 44.8 42.0 56.1 55.4 56.6 40.1 40.6 39.8
20–39 5.9 6.6 5.4 1.6 1.7 1.6 5.2 5.2 5.2 2.3 2.6 2.0
40–59 2.5 2.7 2.4 1.1 1.3 0.9 1.8 2.4 1.3 1.0 1.2 0.9
60–79 1.5 1.6 1.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.3 0.9 0.7 1.0 0.4
80 or more 1.1 1.2 1.1 0.8 1.3 0.5 1.9 2.1 1.7 0.5 0.8 0.3
50 or more 3.7 3.8 3.6 1.9 2.5 1.5 3.4 3.5 3.4 1.6 2.2 1.2
90 or more 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 1.2 0.5 1.8 2.1 1.6 0.5 0.7 0.3
100 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.1 0.5 1.6 1.9 1.4 0.5 0.7 0.3
Mean proportion 6.7 7.3 6.3 2.9 3.5 2.4 6.4 6.6 6.2 2.9 3.6 2.4
Mean proportion (recipients only) 9.5 9.9 9.2 6.1 7.0 5.4 9.7 10.1 9.4 6.5 7.8 5.5
Number (thousands) 38,350 17,179 21,171 4,007 1,611 2,397 1,971 902 1,069 3,528 1,517 2,011
  Cash public assistance
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 95.8 96.6 95.1 88.5 91.4 86.6 88.2 89.6 87.0 88.0 90.5 86.1
1–19 1.9 1.7 2.0 4.9 4.0 5.5 4.3 3.8 4.6 5.0 4.0 5.8
20–39 0.9 0.7 1.1 2.4 1.4 3.2 2.5 2.9 2.2 2.2 1.8 2.5
40–59 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.3 1.2 1.4 1.1 0.7 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5
60–79 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.8 0.5 1.0 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.5
80 or more 0.8 0.5 1.0 2.0 1.5 2.3 3.7 2.8 4.5 3.0 2.0 3.7
50 or more 1.1 0.7 1.4 3.4 2.7 3.9 4.2 3.2 5.0 3.9 3.0 4.6
90 or more 0.8 0.4 1.0 1.8 1.4 2.1 3.4 2.5 4.2 2.9 2.0 3.6
100 0.6 0.4 0.8 1.5 1.1 1.8 3.0 2.2 3.7 2.5 1.9 2.9
Mean proportion 1.5 1.1 1.9 4.3 3.2 5.1 5.4 4.4 6.3 5.1 3.9 6.0
Mean proportion (recipients only) 36.5 31.9 39.1 38.0 37.8 38.0 45.7 42.0 48.3 42.3 40.6 43.1
Number (thousands) 38,350 17,179 21,171 4,007 1,611 2,397 1,971 902 1,069 3,528 1,517 2,011
NOTES: Persons in families with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or SNAP benefits) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Family Income Sources for Persons 65 or Older Table 8.B6 Percentage distribution, by source of family income, race, Hispanic origin, sex, and marital status, 2014
Proportion of family income White alone Black alone Asian alone Hispanic origin
Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women
Married Non-married Married Non-married Married Non-married Married Non-married Married Non-married Married Non-married Married Non-married Married Non-married
  Earnings
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 52.2 69.5 58.0 67.9 47.1 67.4 55.6 63.7 36.0 51.0 44.4 46.8 42.3 53.6 46.6 47.5
1–19 7.6 3.8 8.1 4.2 5.6 3.0 5.8 3.2 2.3 3.9 3.3 2.2 4.0 1.6 4.6 1.7
20–39 7.4 4.4 6.9 3.6 9.0 5.0 7.7 4.8 4.8 2.5 5.9 2.2 6.5 4.4 5.9 4.5
40–59 9.7 5.3 8.4 6.3 10.8 4.9 8.3 6.7 9.4 12.7 8.5 6.5 11.5 7.7 10.7 5.4
60–79 10.9 7.3 8.2 7.9 13.5 9.5 8.9 8.9 15.9 11.4 13.7 12.5 14.2 11.1 12.4 12.0
80 or more 12.2 9.6 10.3 10.2 14.0 10.2 13.7 12.8 31.6 18.5 24.2 29.9 21.5 21.6 19.7 28.9
50 or more 28.4 19.6 23.4 21.4 33.9 21.9 27.4 25.1 53.6 34.2 43.2 47.1 43.3 36.6 39.7 43.5
90 or more 7.8 6.9 6.6 6.5 10.1 6.9 9.7 7.6 21.1 14.8 16.3 19.2 16.4 18.0 14.9 21.1
100 1.8 2.5 1.7 2.1 3.9 3.1 3.8 3.4 6.6 3.7 3.4 5.4 8.3 9.0 6.9 9.3
Mean proportion 26.8 18.5 22.4 19.7 31.7 20.4 26.3 23.2 47.6 33.0 38.8 41.2 38.7 33.7 35.2 40.2
Mean proportion (recipients only) 56.0 60.6 53.4 61.2 59.8 62.6 59.1 64.0 74.3 67.4 69.8 77.4 67.0 72.6 65.9 76.6
Number (thousands) 12,325 4,854 10,021 11,150 813 797 598 1,799 706 197 559 510 1,013 504 797 1,214
  Retirement benefits
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 9.2 9.8 7.5 9.3 13.0 13.3 9.8 12.3 28.1 20.2 23.4 31.1 18.8 21.1 17.4 26.5
1–19 8.7 6.5 7.3 7.0 8.6 6.3 7.7 7.4 17.0 12.4 12.0 17.7 10.5 10.0 8.9 14.6
20–39 13.8 8.9 12.0 9.8 14.9 12.8 10.3 11.6 14.2 18.1 12.4 8.1 15.2 12.2 14.0 10.7
40–59 12.4 10.5 11.4 9.1 12.0 9.1 10.8 9.0 8.7 10.6 11.2 7.4 11.5 11.5 10.5 7.6
60–79 12.3 12.0 12.8 8.4 10.7 6.7 12.1 8.2 8.8 7.2 11.5 4.8 9.1 9.0 9.0 6.0
80 or more 43.7 52.4 48.9 56.5 40.9 51.8 49.3 51.5 23.2 31.6 29.4 31.0 35.0 36.3 40.0 34.4
50 or more 62.2 70.0 67.6 69.5 56.3 64.6 65.5 64.3 35.5 47.3 46.4 38.1 49.8 50.4 53.5 44.4
90 or more 35.6 45.4 40.1 50.7 36.7 46.0 44.8 45.9 20.3 30.2 25.4 27.9 31.4 33.2 35.8 30.0
100 10.0 20.1 11.1 22.5 17.0 30.2 20.2 29.9 9.7 15.1 11.2 13.6 18.1 22.8 18.1 21.4
Mean proportion 62.0 68.1 66.3 69.4 58.9 64.6 66.0 64.9 39.1 48.6 47.1 41.6 52.0 52.3 55.8 46.1
Mean proportion (recipients only) 68.2 75.4 71.7 76.4 67.7 74.5 73.2 74.0 54.5 60.9 61.5 60.3 64.0 66.3 67.6 62.7
Number (thousands) 12,325 4,854 10,021 11,150 813 797 598 1,799 706 197 559 510 1,013 504 797 1,214
  Social Security
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 12.2 12.7 10.0 12.6 16.4 17.9 14.1 15.6 32.1 23.9 26.1 33.0 21.5 24.3 18.8 27.7
1–19 16.0 12.3 14.5 10.4 15.3 10.7 13.4 11.2 21.5 16.2 17.3 22.4 14.8 13.1 14.5 17.2
20–39 23.1 18.7 21.6 16.0 21.6 15.4 18.5 15.9 16.4 20.9 18.8 10.9 16.7 15.1 17.1 11.8
40–59 17.1 15.2 18.4 13.3 12.7 12.0 12.8 14.5 8.8 11.8 13.5 8.4 13.6 12.7 13.7 8.7
60–79 11.5 12.0 12.7 12.3 10.5 7.2 11.9 9.8 5.9 5.2 7.4 4.2 7.8 8.2 8.4 7.4
80 or more 20.2 29.1 22.7 35.5 23.6 36.8 29.3 32.9 15.2 22.1 17.0 21.2 25.6 26.7 27.6 27.2
50 or more 38.9 47.7 43.3 54.4 39.6 51.8 46.1 50.3 23.6 36.2 30.7 28.7 39.0 40.4 40.7 38.5
90 or more 15.5 24.3 17.2 29.9 20.2 32.5 25.1 28.9 12.6 21.3 14.2 19.0 23.4 23.5 24.8 23.8
100 6.5 13.6 6.8 17.2 12.2 23.6 14.7 21.0 7.1 12.4 7.9 10.5 15.0 17.4 14.6 18.3
Mean proportion 44.3 51.1 47.7 55.7 44.8 53.0 50.1 52.2 30.7 39.8 35.9 33.6 43.9 44.2 46.3 41.1
Mean proportion (recipients only) 50.5 58.6 53.0 63.7 53.6 64.6 58.3 61.9 45.3 52.3 48.6 50.2 55.9 58.4 57.0 56.8
Number (thousands) 12,325 4,854 10,021 11,150 813 797 598 1,799 706 197 559 510 1,013 504 797 1,214
  Government employee pensions
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 79.7 85.7 78.8 86.0 79.1 88.9 75.9 85.7 88.8 91.0 86.1 91.7 89.6 90.5 86.1 93.8
1–19 8.7 3.1 9.0 4.8 9.1 4.2 10.0 3.9 5.5 2.1 5.4 1.3 3.8 2.7 5.8 1.9
20–39 5.7 4.5 6.0 4.1 5.2 2.6 6.5 3.9 3.4 4.0 3.8 3.4 2.9 3.4 3.3 1.7
40–59 3.5 3.4 3.4 2.6 4.3 2.0 4.8 4.5 1.8 1.1 3.0 1.4 2.2 2.7 2.5 2.2
60–79 1.6 2.2 1.8 1.6 1.7 1.5 2.0 1.0 0.4 0.8 1.5 0.9 1.0 0.3 1.1 0.4
80 or more 0.9 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.8 1.0 0.1 1.0 0.3 1.2 0.6 0.4 1.2 0.1
50 or more 3.6 4.8 3.8 3.8 3.9 2.9 4.7 4.0 1.4 2.2 3.3 3.1 2.4 2.3 3.0 1.4
90 or more 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.0 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.4 0.8 0.1
100 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.0
Mean proportion 6.0 5.8 6.3 4.9 6.2 3.8 7.3 5.4 2.8 3.8 4.4 3.6 3.4 3.2 4.6 2.1
Mean proportion (recipients only) 29.6 40.8 29.7 34.9 29.8 34.5 30.4 37.5 25.5 41.8 31.4 43.3 32.7 34.0 32.8 34.4
Number (thousands) 12,325 4,854 10,021 11,150 813 797 598 1,799 706 197 559 510 1,013 504 797 1,214
  Private pensions or annuities
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 51.3 61.7 48.9 65.8 65.9 80.7 64.7 75.3 72.5 85.8 65.8 80.6 76.9 83.5 75.5 88.1
1–19 24.8 16.1 26.0 17.0 19.3 5.7 19.6 10.0 16.4 5.0 21.0 11.4 13.0 6.3 14.1 6.2
20–39 14.5 11.4 15.6 9.9 8.3 5.4 8.8 7.8 6.3 2.1 7.7 3.6 7.1 5.8 7.7 3.0
40–59 7.1 7.2 7.2 4.8 3.9 3.8 4.3 4.6 3.6 4.6 4.2 2.8 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.2
60–79 1.9 3.2 2.0 1.7 2.1 2.6 2.1 1.6 1.2 2.5 1.2 1.6 0.5 1.6 0.0 0.3
80 or more 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.8 0.4 1.8 0.5 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.3
50 or more 5.1 6.8 5.3 4.4 3.6 6.1 4.2 3.4 3.1 3.8 3.8 2.0 1.3 2.9 1.2 1.3
90 or more 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.4 1.2 0.5 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.1
100 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0
Mean proportion 11.5 10.9 12.1 8.6 7.8 7.6 8.2 7.3 5.6 5.0 6.6 4.3 4.7 4.9 5.0 2.9
Mean proportion (recipients only) 23.6 28.5 23.7 25.1 22.8 39.3 23.3 29.5 20.3 35.6 19.4 22.1 20.2 29.3 20.4 24.4
Number (thousands) 12,325 4,854 10,021 11,150 813 797 598 1,799 706 197 559 510 1,013 504 797 1,214
  Income from assets
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 22.2 37.4 22.4 39.2 40.0 61.2 38.6 59.9 33.7 37.7 31.2 37.6 50.7 60.1 48.1 62.2
1–19 65.5 51.4 64.8 52.7 54.6 34.8 56.4 37.2 57.2 49.0 59.0 53.9 43.2 35.3 47.0 35.0
20–39 6.9 5.9 7.1 3.8 2.1 1.2 1.8 1.6 4.7 6.7 6.0 4.4 3.3 1.2 2.9 1.4
40–59 2.7 2.5 2.8 2.0 1.5 1.1 2.1 0.5 1.9 4.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 0.9 0.9 0.8
60–79 1.6 1.4 1.7 1.2 0.6 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.0 0.5 1.3 0.8 1.5 0.7 0.3
80 or more 1.1 1.5 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.5 0.7 0.5 2.1 2.3 1.9 1.6 0.6 1.1 0.4 0.2
50 or more 3.8 3.7 4.0 3.2 2.8 2.3 2.6 1.1 3.4 3.8 3.3 3.5 1.9 2.7 1.8 0.8
90 or more 0.9 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.5 0.7 0.5 2.1 2.3 1.9 1.2 0.5 1.1 0.4 0.2
100 0.8 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.3 0.7 0.5 1.7 2.3 1.9 0.8 0.5 1.1 0.4 0.2
Mean proportion 7.5 6.7 7.6 5.2 3.9 3.1 3.4 2.1 6.3 7.9 6.7 5.6 3.6 3.6 3.1 1.9
Mean proportion (recipients only) 9.6 10.7 9.8 8.5 6.5 7.9 5.5 5.3 9.5 12.6 9.8 9.0 7.3 9.1 6.0 4.9
Number (thousands) 12,325 4,854 10,021 11,150 813 797 598 1,799 706 197 559 510 1,013 504 797 1,214
  Cash public assistance
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 97.5 94.4 97.4 93.1 94.6 88.2 95.7 83.6 90.2 87.5 91.3 82.3 93.2 85.2 93.0 81.5
1–19 1.4 2.4 1.2 2.8 3.3 4.7 2.0 6.7 4.0 3.4 3.2 6.2 3.4 5.0 3.4 7.4
20–39 0.5 1.3 0.6 1.6 0.9 1.8 1.2 3.8 2.4 4.8 1.8 2.7 1.4 2.4 1.3 3.3
40–59 0.2 1.1 0.3 0.7 1.0 1.4 0.4 1.7 0.6 1.0 0.7 2.1 0.1 4.2 0.4 2.2
60–79 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.0 1.1 0.3 1.2 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.7
80 or more 0.3 0.8 0.4 1.6 0.2 2.8 0.4 3.0 2.9 2.7 3.0 6.1 1.6 2.9 1.8 4.9
50 or more 0.5 1.3 0.7 2.1 0.5 4.8 0.8 4.9 3.1 3.3 3.4 6.8 1.8 5.5 1.9 6.3
90 or more 0.3 0.6 0.4 1.6 0.1 2.8 0.4 2.6 2.4 2.7 2.5 6.1 1.6 2.9 1.8 4.7
100 0.3 0.6 0.4 1.2 0.1 2.2 0.1 2.3 2.3 1.8 2.3 5.3 1.4 2.9 1.6 3.8
Mean proportion 0.7 2.0 0.9 2.8 1.2 5.3 1.2 6.4 4.1 5.2 4.0 8.8 2.5 6.6 2.8 8.1
Mean proportion (recipients only) 29.2 34.9 34.2 40.8 22.6 44.9 29.0 38.8 42.0 42.0 46.0 49.4 36.7 44.3 39.3 44.1
Number (thousands) 12,325 4,854 10,021 11,150 813 797 598 1,799 706 197 559 510 1,013 504 797 1,214
NOTES: Persons in families with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or SNAP benefits) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Family Income Sources for Persons 65 or Older Table 8.B7 Percentage distribution, by source of family income and quintile of per-capita family total money income, 2014
Proportion of family income Total First Second Third Fourth Fifth
  Earnings
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 59.5 78.5 74.2 61.8 47.2 36.5
1–19 5.9 3.0 4.8 6.0 8.0 7.5
20–39 5.8 3.5 4.8 7.3 6.4 7.0
40–59 7.9 3.8 4.7 7.4 12.6 10.6
60–79 9.2 3.8 4.7 7.6 11.6 18.2
80 or more 11.7 7.5 6.7 9.8 14.2 20.3
50 or more 25.3 13.4 13.9 21.2 33.2 44.2
90 or more 7.7 6.2 4.5 6.4 8.7 12.3
100 2.2 4.0 2.0 1.9 1.6 1.7
Mean proportion 23.7 13.1 13.8 21.0 30.4 39.6
Mean proportion (recipients only) 58.4 61.1 53.7 54.9 57.6 62.3
Number (thousands) 45,079 8,630 9,114 9,120 9,100 9,115
  Retirement benefits
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 10.0 18.1 5.7 6.6 8.0 12.0
1–19 7.9 1.8 3.1 5.4 9.6 19.3
20–39 11.7 4.5 6.0 9.7 15.6 22.3
40–59 10.8 6.2 6.6 11.2 17.3 12.7
60–79 10.9 7.0 9.0 12.5 13.2 12.5
80 or more 48.7 62.4 69.6 54.6 36.4 21.1
50 or more 65.0 72.7 81.7 73.5 58.1 39.7
90 or more 41.6 57.0 62.1 46.9 28.2 14.7
100 16.0 34.0 26.8 13.2 5.5 1.6
Mean proportion 64.7 70.8 79.8 71.0 58.5 43.6
Mean proportion (recipients only) 71.9 86.5 84.7 76.0 63.6 49.6
Number (thousands) 45,079 8,630 9,114 9,120 9,100 9,115
  Social Security
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 13.0 20.7 7.1 8.2 11.2 18.4
1–19 13.7 2.0 3.9 7.4 14.9 39.6
20–39 19.7 5.2 7.6 15.5 32.4 36.9
40–59 15.6 7.2 10.0 24.2 32.0 4.0
60–79 11.6 8.1 16.3 25.2 7.6 0.6
80 or more 26.5 56.8 55.2 19.5 1.8 0.6
50 or more 45.1 68.7 76.5 57.6 22.0 1.8
90 or more 21.5 50.8 44.4 12.7 0.9 0.3
100 11.3 31.0 20.8 5.0 0.4 0.1
Mean proportion 48.7 66.7 72.3 53.6 34.2 17.8
Mean proportion (recipients only) 56.0 84.2 77.8 58.4 38.5 21.8
Number (thousands) 45,079 8,630 9,114 9,120 9,100 9,115
  Government employee pensions
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 82.5 97.2 92.1 83.8 75.0 65.1
1–19 6.7 1.2 3.7 6.4 8.3 13.6
20–39 5.0 0.7 2.3 4.9 7.4 9.6
40–59 3.2 0.3 1.2 3.0 5.4 6.1
60–79 1.7 0.2 0.5 1.3 2.0 4.3
80 or more 0.9 0.5 0.2 0.6 1.9 1.3
50 or more 3.8 0.8 1.1 3.1 6.1 7.9
90 or more 0.5 0.4 0.1 0.2 1.1 0.7
100 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1
Mean proportion 5.6 1.0 2.1 4.9 8.7 11.2
Mean proportion (recipients only) 32.2 37.2 26.3 30.3 34.8 32.1
Number (thousands) 45,079 8,630 9,114 9,120 9,100 9,115
  Private pensions or annuities
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 58.8 90.2 70.4 49.1 42.2 43.5
1–19 20.5 4.8 19.9 23.4 24.6 29.2
20–39 12.2 2.2 7.3 19.2 18.6 13.0
40–59 6.1 1.2 1.9 6.7 11.9 8.4
60–79 2.0 0.5 0.3 1.3 2.5 5.2
80 or more 0.5 1.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.7
50 or more 4.9 2.1 1.1 3.5 8.3 9.4
90 or more 0.3 0.8 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2
100 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mean proportion 10.1 3.0 5.3 12.2 15.3 14.5
Mean proportion (recipients only) 24.5 30.2 17.8 24.0 26.5 25.6
Number (thousands) 45,079 8,630 9,114 9,120 9,100 9,115
  Income from assets
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 31.7 59.9 42.9 29.6 18.5 9.0
1–19 58.0 33.3 53.8 63.6 70.8 67.4
20–39 5.5 1.7 2.3 4.7 6.9 11.7
40–59 2.3 0.8 0.4 1.5 2.3 6.6
60–79 1.3 0.1 0.3 0.6 1.3 4.3
80 or more 1.1 4.2 0.3 0.1 0.2 1.0
50 or more 3.5 4.6 0.8 1.0 2.8 8.1
90 or more 0.9 4.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3
100 0.8 4.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
Mean proportion 6.4 5.8 2.4 4.2 6.3 13.1
Mean proportion (recipients only) 9.3 14.5 4.2 5.9 7.7 14.4
Number (thousands) 45,079 8,630 9,114 9,120 9,100 9,115
  Cash public assistance
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 94.8 85.6 94.1 96.7 97.6 99.2
1–19 2.3 4.0 2.7 2.2 1.8 0.7
20–39 1.1 2.9 1.9 0.6 0.5 0.0
40–59 0.6 1.7 0.8 0.4 0.1 0.0
60–79 0.2 0.7 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0
80 or more 1.0 5.1 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.0
50 or more 1.5 6.4 0.9 0.2 0.1 0.0
90 or more 1.0 4.9 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.0
100 0.8 4.1 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mean proportion 2.0 7.6 1.6 0.6 0.3 0.1
Mean proportion (recipients only) 37.8 53.0 27.6 19.1 12.1 7.1
Number (thousands) 45,079 8,630 9,114 9,120 9,100 9,115
NOTES: Persons in families with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
Per-capita family total money income quintile limits are $12,492, $19,245, $29,027, and $47,129.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or SNAP benefits) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Family Income Sources for Persons 65 or Older Table 8.B8 Percentage distribution, by source of family income, number of persons in family, and quintile of per-capita family total money income, 2014
Proportion of family income Total First Second Third Fourth Fifth
  Earnings
  Persons in 1-person families
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 80.9 97.1 93.2 84.7 71.5 53.5
1–19 3.4 0.3 2.6 3.3 4.4 6.8
20–39 2.6 0.5 1.6 3.3 3.6 4.7
40–59 3.5 0.4 0.8 2.6 8.1 6.9
60–79 3.9 0.4 0.3 1.8 5.2 13.0
80 or more 5.6 1.3 1.5 4.3 7.3 15.2
50 or more 11.3 2.1 2.0 7.2 17.2 31.3
90 or more 4.4 1.2 1.2 3.5 7.0 10.1
100 1.7 1.0 0.7 2.2 2.1 2.5
Mean proportion 10.9 2.0 2.7 7.9 16.5 28.6
Mean proportion (recipients only) 57.4 67.3 39.2 51.8 57.8 61.5
Number (thousands) 14,377 3,022 3,220 2,905 2,477 2,752
  Persons in 2-person families
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 59.4 86.4 79.1 64.0 47.2 33.0
1–19 7.3 3.5 5.4 7.9 10.4 8.1
20–39 6.4 3.0 4.6 8.1 7.3 7.7
40–59 8.1 2.3 3.9 7.5 12.5 11.9
60–79 9.2 1.4 3.3 6.8 11.6 19.2
80 or more 9.5 3.5 3.7 5.8 11.0 20.1
50 or more 23.3 6.2 9.1 16.4 29.9 46.1
90 or more 6.0 3.2 2.8 4.3 6.3 11.6
100 1.4 2.5 1.2 1.0 1.1 1.4
Mean proportion 22.0 6.7 9.7 17.0 27.8 41.0
Mean proportion (recipients only) 54.1 49.4 46.3 47.3 52.6 61.1
Number (thousands) 23,587 3,694 4,441 4,773 5,211 5,469
  Persons in families of 3 or more
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 16.1 34.0 17.4 8.6 4.7 5.5
1–19 6.1 6.2 8.1 5.2 5.6 5.3
20–39 10.4 9.2 12.4 12.8 8.0 10.0
40–59 15.8 11.8 15.8 16.8 21.0 14.2
60–79 20.1 13.8 19.0 22.2 22.8 28.0
80 or more 31.5 25.0 27.4 34.4 38.0 37.0
50 or more 60.2 45.1 54.9 65.6 73.2 72.0
90 or more 19.9 19.7 17.2 19.5 20.7 23.9
100 6.0 11.7 7.5 4.1 2.3 0.4
Mean proportion 55.2 43.1 51.3 60.3 64.6 64.6
Mean proportion (recipients only) 65.8 65.3 62.1 66.0 67.8 68.3
Number (thousands) 7,114 1,914 1,453 1,442 1,411 894
  Retirement benefits
  Persons in 1-person families
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 8.7 16.1 2.9 4.8 7.2 12.8
1–19 2.7 0.3 0.7 0.7 1.1 11.3
20–39 6.3 1.1 1.0 3.3 8.5 19.3
40–59 7.8 2.9 2.5 8.4 16.7 10.7
60–79 9.2 4.9 6.2 10.6 13.1 12.2
80 or more 65.4 74.7 86.7 72.2 53.4 33.7
50 or more 78.7 81.5 94.5 88.3 74.4 51.2
90 or more 58.7 69.8 80.5 65.7 44.7 25.9
100 27.8 47.3 44.0 26.1 11.2 4.0
Mean proportion 76.5 79.1 91.5 83.6 71.5 53.2
Mean proportion (recipients only) 83.8 94.2 94.2 87.9 77.1 61.0
Number (thousands) 14,377 3,022 3,220 2,905 2,477 2,752
  Persons in 2-person families
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 7.5 14.2 3.4 4.3 6.0 10.6
1–19 7.3 0.6 1.3 2.5 7.8 20.2
20–39 12.2 1.8 4.4 9.7 16.0 23.9
40–59 11.4 5.8 6.2 11.0 17.9 13.8
60–79 12.7 6.5 10.4 14.7 15.9 13.8
80 or more 49.0 71.1 74.3 57.8 36.5 17.6
50 or more 67.4 80.8 87.4 78.4 61.6 38.1
90 or more 40.7 64.6 65.5 48.0 27.0 11.2
100 12.4 33.9 22.1 9.0 4.2 0.6
Mean proportion 66.4 77.9 84.2 74.8 60.7 42.2
Mean proportion (recipients only) 71.8 90.8 87.2 78.2 64.5 47.2
Number (thousands) 23,587 3,694 4,441 4,773 5,211 5,469
  Persons in families of 3 or more
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 20.9 29.0 19.1 17.7 16.7 18.5
1–19 20.5 6.5 13.6 24.4 31.3 38.2
20–39 21.2 15.0 22.1 22.7 26.6 22.1
40–59 15.0 12.1 16.9 18.0 15.8 12.1
60–79 8.6 11.4 11.0 9.0 3.5 5.7
80 or more 13.8 26.1 17.3 8.3 6.0 3.4
50 or more 29.6 43.2 35.8 27.6 16.8 14.1
90 or more 10.2 21.9 11.2 5.6 3.6 1.7
100 4.5 13.3 2.7 1.5 0.3 0.0
Mean proportion 35.2 44.2 40.6 32.7 27.5 23.1
Mean proportion (recipients only) 44.5 62.3 50.1 39.7 33.0 28.3
Number (thousands) 7,114 1,914 1,453 1,442 1,411 894
  Social Security
  Persons in 1-person families
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 12.0 18.7 4.0 6.0 11.3 21.1
1–19 6.2 0.5 0.9 1.9 3.2 25.8
20–39 14.5 1.4 2.1 6.9 23.5 43.5
40–59 14.1 3.2 4.5 19.4 41.8 6.7
60–79 12.7 5.6 11.8 27.7 17.4 1.3
80 or more 40.5 70.6 76.6 38.1 2.8 1.7
50 or more 60.4 78.5 91.6 77.5 39.6 4.6
90 or more 34.5 65.2 65.9 27.8 1.3 1.0
100 20.6 45.1 36.9 12.8 0.8 0.5
Mean proportion 60.5 75.7 86.0 68.1 42.8 21.8
Mean proportion (recipients only) 68.7 93.1 89.6 72.4 48.2 27.6
Number (thousands) 14,377 3,022 3,220 2,905 2,477 2,752
  Persons in 2-person families
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 10.3 16.8 4.6 6.1 8.9 15.7
1–19 14.1 0.5 1.7 3.9 12.9 43.3
20–39 21.7 2.7 5.9 16.3 37.4 37.2
40–59 17.5 7.0 11.0 30.0 34.0 3.3
60–79 12.7 8.9 21.3 30.1 5.0 0.4
80 or more 23.7 64.1 55.5 13.7 1.9 0.1
50 or more 44.0 76.6 82.6 59.8 19.2 0.6
90 or more 18.5 56.7 42.1 7.3 0.9 0.0
100 8.1 29.7 15.9 1.8 0.3 0.0
Mean proportion 48.3 73.3 75.5 54.0 34.7 17.2
Mean proportion (recipients only) 53.8 88.2 79.2 57.5 38.0 20.4
Number (thousands) 23,587 3,694 4,441 4,773 5,211 5,469
  Persons in families of 3 or more
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 24.1 31.4 21.4 19.9 19.8 26.3
1–19 27.5 7.2 17.5 30.0 42.7 59.3
20–39 23.3 16.1 25.1 30.1 29.8 14.5
40–59 12.1 13.8 18.9 15.0 7.5 0.0
60–79 5.9 10.6 10.6 4.0 0.3 0.0
80 or more 7.2 20.9 6.6 0.9 0.0 0.0
50 or more 17.5 37.8 24.3 10.0 1.7 0.0
90 or more 5.2 16.6 3.7 0.0 0.0 0.0
100 3.1 11.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mean proportion 26.6 39.9 32.3 23.1 17.1 9.7
Mean proportion (recipients only) 35.0 58.1 41.1 28.9 21.3 13.1
Number (thousands) 7,114 1,914 1,453 1,442 1,411 894
  Government employee pensions
  Persons in 1-person families
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 85.8 98.8 95.6 87.1 76.6 66.8
1–19 3.6 0.4 1.7 3.0 6.4 7.3
20–39 4.1 0.4 1.1 3.5 7.1 9.4
40–59 3.3 0.0 0.9 3.6 5.3 7.9
60–79 2.1 0.1 0.5 1.8 2.0 6.4
80 or more 1.2 0.3 0.2 1.0 2.6 2.2
50 or more 4.8 0.4 1.2 4.4 7.4 12.1
90 or more 0.7 0.1 0.2 0.5 1.5 1.3
100 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.2
Mean proportion 5.8 0.5 1.5 5.2 9.1 14.0
Mean proportion (recipients only) 40.4 38.4 34.8 40.7 39.0 42.1
Number (thousands) 14,377 3,022 3,220 2,905 2,477 2,752
  Persons in 2-person families
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 79.1 96.8 90.4 80.9 72.1 63.0
1–19 8.5 1.3 5.0 8.3 8.6 16.4
20–39 6.0 0.8 2.7 6.1 8.3 9.9
40–59 3.7 0.3 1.3 3.0 6.4 6.0
60–79 1.8 0.2 0.5 1.1 2.5 3.6
80 or more 0.9 0.6 0.1 0.6 2.0 1.0
50 or more 3.9 1.0 1.0 2.7 6.9 6.6
90 or more 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.1 1.2 0.4
100 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0
Mean proportion 6.4 1.2 2.2 5.3 10.0 10.7
Mean proportion (recipients only) 30.4 38.3 23.2 27.8 35.7 28.9
Number (thousands) 23,587 3,694 4,441 4,773 5,211 5,469
  Persons in families of 3 or more
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 87.1 95.5 89.8 86.8 83.0 72.1
1–19 6.9 2.0 4.1 7.4 10.5 15.8
20–39 3.6 1.0 3.7 3.3 4.7 8.0
40–59 1.3 0.5 1.7 1.5 1.7 1.5
60–79 0.6 0.3 0.5 0.9 0.0 2.0
80 or more 0.3 0.7 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.6
50 or more 1.4 1.1 1.1 1.5 0.9 3.2
90 or more 0.2 0.7 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
100 0.1 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mean proportion 3.0 1.6 2.8 2.9 3.2 6.2
Mean proportion (recipients only) 23.4 35.2 27.2 22.3 19.1 22.1
Number (thousands) 7,114 1,914 1,453 1,442 1,411 894
  Private pensions or annuities
  Persons in 1-person families
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 64.5 93.5 79.0 56.9 40.2 45.3
1–19 15.2 2.5 14.7 18.9 17.9 23.4
20–39 10.6 1.1 4.9 17.7 20.9 11.2
40–59 6.3 0.8 0.8 5.3 16.8 10.4
60–79 2.6 0.5 0.3 0.9 3.7 8.3
80 or more 0.8 1.6 0.2 0.3 0.5 1.3
50 or more 5.9 2.4 0.8 2.2 11.6 14.6
90 or more 0.5 1.3 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.3
100 0.1 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mean proportion 10.1 2.8 3.7 10.3 19.1 17.3
Mean proportion (recipients only) 28.4 42.7 17.5 23.9 32.0 31.7
Number (thousands) 14,377 3,022 3,220 2,905 2,477 2,752
  Persons in 2-person families
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 52.2 88.5 64.4 40.2 38.3 41.5
1–19 23.9 5.8 23.5 26.3 26.8 31.4
20–39 14.3 2.5 9.0 22.3 20.6 13.8
40–59 7.0 1.7 2.4 9.1 11.6 8.3
60–79 2.1 0.7 0.4 1.7 2.5 4.4
80 or more 0.5 0.9 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.5
50 or more 5.3 2.3 1.4 4.9 8.2 8.0
90 or more 0.3 0.7 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.1
100 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mean proportion 11.6 3.3 6.4 15.1 15.8 14.3
Mean proportion (recipients only) 24.2 28.5 18.0 25.2 25.6 24.4
Number (thousands) 23,587 3,694 4,441 4,773 5,211 5,469
  Persons in families of 3 or more
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 68.9 88.3 69.8 62.7 59.9 50.0
1–19 20.3 6.5 20.0 23.1 28.0 33.9
20–39 8.0 3.6 7.1 11.9 7.5 13.3
40–59 2.3 1.0 2.7 1.8 4.2 2.6
60–79 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.2
80 or more 0.2 0.5 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.0
50 or more 1.6 1.1 1.1 1.5 2.7 1.6
90 or more 0.1 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
100 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mean proportion 5.4 2.6 5.3 6.6 6.9 6.9
Mean proportion (recipients only) 17.3 22.4 17.7 17.7 17.3 13.9
Number (thousands) 7,114 1,914 1,453 1,442 1,411 894
  Income from assets
  Persons in 1-person families
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 41.6 66.5 54.5 40.3 25.2 15.1
1–19 48.8 26.3 42.2 53.2 64.3 62.6
20–39 4.7 1.8 2.4 3.7 6.8 9.8
40–59 2.2 0.7 0.3 2.0 2.7 5.8
60–79 1.3 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.8 4.9
80 or more 1.4 4.6 0.2 0.3 0.2 1.7
50 or more 3.7 5.0 0.8 1.2 2.2 9.5
90 or more 1.2 4.6 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.6
100 1.1 4.4 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Mean proportion 6.0 6.0 2.1 3.9 6.0 12.9
Mean proportion (recipients only) 10.3 17.8 4.6 6.6 8.0 15.2
Number (thousands) 14,377 3,022 3,220 2,905 2,477 2,752
  Persons in 2-person families
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 24.4 52.4 34.8 23.3 16.0 6.1
1–19 63.4 39.3 61.4 68.4 72.5 68.4
20–39 6.6 1.7 2.6 6.0 7.5 13.0
40–59 2.8 1.2 0.5 1.5 2.4 7.4
60–79 1.5 0.0 0.4 0.7 1.5 4.3
80 or more 1.2 5.4 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.8
50 or more 3.9 6.0 0.9 1.0 3.3 8.0
90 or more 0.9 5.4 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
100 0.9 5.4 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0
Mean proportion 7.4 7.4 2.9 4.8 6.8 13.8
Mean proportion (recipients only) 9.8 15.6 4.5 6.2 8.1 14.7
Number (thousands) 23,587 3,694 4,441 4,773 5,211 5,469
  Persons in families of 3 or more
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 35.8 63.9 42.2 28.9 16.1 7.3
1–19 58.8 32.8 56.4 68.2 75.9 76.4
20–39 3.2 1.6 0.8 2.1 5.2 9.0
40–59 1.1 0.4 0.4 0.5 1.3 4.6
60–79 0.8 0.2 0.2 0.2 1.4 2.7
80 or more 0.3 1.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0
50 or more 1.6 1.5 0.4 0.6 1.8 5.0
90 or more 0.3 1.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
100 0.3 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mean proportion 3.6 2.4 1.5 2.6 4.8 9.5
Mean proportion (recipients only) 5.7 6.6 2.6 3.7 5.7 10.3
Number (thousands) 7,114 1,914 1,453 1,442 1,411 894
  Cash public assistance
  Persons in 1-person families
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 94.3 82.7 95.2 97.2 98.2 99.6
1–19 1.6 4.2 1.5 0.8 0.9 0.3
20–39 1.2 3.0 1.4 0.8 0.5 0.1
40–59 0.7 1.3 0.9 1.0 0.4 0.0
60–79 0.2 0.6 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.0
80 or more 1.9 8.2 0.8 0.2 0.0 0.0
50 or more 2.4 9.1 1.6 0.5 0.3 0.0
90 or more 1.9 8.0 0.7 0.2 0.0 0.0
100 1.6 7.0 0.5 0.1 0.0 0.0
Mean proportion 2.9 10.5 2.0 1.0 0.4 0.1
Mean proportion (recipients only) 51.5 60.5 40.8 34.1 23.0 14.3
Number (thousands) 14,377 3,022 3,220 2,905 2,477 2,752
  Persons in 2-person families
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 96.7 90.2 95.5 97.8 98.3 99.6
1–19 1.2 1.5 1.7 1.3 1.2 0.4
20–39 0.9 1.8 1.7 0.6 0.5 0.0
40–59 0.5 1.9 0.8 0.2 0.0 0.0
60–79 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0
80 or more 0.6 4.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
50 or more 0.9 5.2 0.6 0.1 0.0 0.0
90 or more 0.6 3.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
100 0.5 3.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mean proportion 1.3 6.0 1.2 0.4 0.2 0.0
Mean proportion (recipients only) 39.6 61.2 27.0 18.2 13.9 8.6
Number (thousands) 23,587 3,694 4,441 4,773 5,211 5,469
  Persons in families of 3 or more
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 89.1 81.4 87.6 91.8 93.9 96.1
1–19 7.3 8.3 8.5 7.9 6.1 3.9
20–39 2.0 4.8 3.4 0.1 0.0 0.0
40–59 0.6 1.8 0.5 0.2 0.0 0.0
60–79 0.4 1.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
80 or more 0.6 2.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
50 or more 1.2 4.4 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
90 or more 0.5 1.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
100 0.3 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mean proportion 2.4 6.3 2.1 0.8 0.3 0.1
Mean proportion (recipients only) 21.6 33.8 16.9 9.6 4.7 3.8
Number (thousands) 7,114 1,914 1,453 1,442 1,411 894
NOTES: Persons in families with zero total income or with negative total income, earnings, or income from assets are excluded.
Per-capita family total money income quintile limits are $12,492, $19,245, $29,027, and $47,129.
The relative importance of a source of income may not accurately reflect the resources available to elderly persons or elderly aged units. The survey on which these data are based does not include some potentially important resources as income, including lump-sum pension payments and capital gains. In addition, these statistics do not take into consideration noncash benefits that supplement money income (housing and energy subsidies or SNAP benefits) or the amount of savings available to supplement monthly income. Consult the Frequently Asked Questions for further information.
Relative Importance of Family Income Sources for Persons 65 or Older Table 8.B9 Percentage distribution, by source of family income, sex, and ratio of family total money income to the poverty threshold, 2014
Proportion of family income All persons Men Women
Under 1.00 1.00– 1.24 1.25– 1.49 1.50– 1.99 2.00 or more Under 1.00 1.00– 1.24 1.25– 1.49 1.50– 1.99 2.00 or more Under 1.00 1.00– 1.24 1.25– 1.49 1.50– 1.99 2.00 or more
  Earnings
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 87.8 85.7 84.4 78.7 48.3 83.8 83.6 82.8 79.8 47.3 89.6 86.8 85.3 77.9 49.2
1–19 1.7 3.8 2.5 4.4 7.1 1.6 3.3 2.7 4.0 7.2 1.8 4.0 2.4 4.7 7.1
20–39 2.1 2.8 3.1 3.4 7.2 2.8 3.3 4.0 2.9 7.7 1.8 2.5 2.7 3.7 6.7
40–59 1.0 2.4 3.2 4.1 10.2 1.7 3.7 3.5 4.2 10.4 0.7 1.7 3.0 4.0 10.1
60–79 1.2 1.5 2.5 4.1 12.3 1.9 2.3 2.4 3.9 12.8 0.9 1.0 2.5 4.3 11.9
80 or more 6.2 3.9 4.3 5.3 14.8 8.2 3.8 4.6 5.1 14.6 5.2 4.0 4.1 5.4 15.0
50 or more 8.1 6.9 8.1 11.6 32.8 11.2 8.4 8.9 11.3 33.0 6.7 6.1 7.7 11.8 32.6
90 or more 5.6 3.4 3.6 4.0 9.2 7.4 3.2 4.4 3.9 9.4 4.8 3.6 3.1 4.0 9.1
100 3.9 2.5 2.2 2.2 2.0 5.1 2.3 2.6 2.4 1.9 3.4 2.6 2.0 2.1 2.0
Mean proportion 8.1 7.2 8.7 11.4 30.4 11.1 8.4 9.5 11.0 30.7 6.8 6.5 8.3 11.6 30.1
Mean proportion (recipients only) 66.8 50.1 55.9 53.5 58.8 68.6 51.1 55.5 54.8 58.3 65.5 49.4 56.2 52.8 59.2
Number (thousands) 4,058 2,396 2,650 5,206 30,769 1,283 834 956 2,053 14,897 2,775 1,562 1,693 3,153 15,871
  Retirement benefits
Total percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 26.0 9.0 6.1 5.7 9.0 29.2 10.2 7.9 5.4 9.7 24.6 8.3 5.1 5.9 8.4
1–19 0.9 0.5 1.3 1.8 11.0 1.4 0.9 0.9 1.7 10.8 0.6 0.3 1.5 1.8 11.2
20–39 1.8 2.0 3.7 4.9 15.6 2.6 2.4 2.6 4.9 15.9 1.4 1.8 4.3 4.9 15.3
40–59 3.7 4.8 4.7 6.6 13.5 4.2 6.0 4.6 7.4 13.7 3.5 4.2 4.8 6.1 13.3
60–79 5.6 7.0 6.9 8.8 12.6 6.9 7.4 8.1 8.3 13.1 5.0 6.8 6.3 9.1 12.1
80 or more 61.9 76.7 77.3 72.2 38.3 55.7 73.2 75.9 72.2 36.8 64.8 78.6 78.1 72.1 39.6
50 or more 69.5 86.3 86.9 84.1 57.7 64.8 83.2 86.5 84.2 56.9 71.7 87.9 87.1 84.1 58.4
90 or more 56.8 72.5 72.4 64.7 30.7 50.0 67.4 71.2 64.7 29.2 60.0 75.3 73.1 64.7 32.0
100 37.9 42.7 40.4 28.9 6.8 33.1 38.9 41.1 31.0 6.4 40.1 44.7 40.1 27.6 7.2
Mean proportion 67.4 83.7 84.8 81.7 58.2 62.5 80.8 83.7 81.9 57.4 69.7 85.2 85.4 81.6 59.1
Mean proportion (recipients only) 91.2 91.9 90.3 86.6 64.0