SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2015

Children Under Age 18

Table 17. Recipients and average monthly payment, by SSA administrative region and state or other area, December 2015
Region and state or area Number Average monthly payment a (dollars)
All areas 1,267,160 643.06
Boston 45,041 623.59
Connecticut 8,703 635.16
Maine 4,203 616.21
Massachusetts 23,661 618.72
New Hampshire 2,526 590.74
Rhode Island 4,405 640.43
Vermont 1,543 659.22
New York 113,932 644.63
New Jersey 25,826 639.76
New York 88,106 646.05
Philadelphia 127,420 635.89
Delaware 3,574 621.78
District of Columbia 4,089 652.91
Maryland 19,199 629.47
Pennsylvania 68,753 642.08
Virginia 23,719 622.92
West Virginia 8,086 634.27
Atlanta 313,232 637.82
Alabama 25,961 641.40
Florida 105,436 635.85
Georgia 46,247 643.39
Kentucky 26,807 646.57
Mississippi 22,239 643.49
North Carolina 42,945 631.42
South Carolina 19,934 628.93
Tennessee 23,663 635.74
Chicago 187,845 641.23
Illinois 39,635 647.67
Indiana 24,245 636.92
Michigan 39,840 645.17
Minnesota 13,588 620.73
Ohio 47,648 645.31
Wisconsin 22,889 631.44
Dallas 233,401 637.62
Arkansas 27,839 648.80
Louisiana 34,148 651.99
New Mexico 9,055 640.21
Oklahoma 17,013 631.30
Texas 145,346 632.69
Kansas City 42,779 627.37
Iowa 8,015 615.69
Kansas 9,049 629.48
Missouri 21,731 634.23
Nebraska 3,984 608.87
Denver 22,062 608.84
Colorado 9,821 620.48
Montana 2,478 634.18
North Dakota 1,005 562.56
South Dakota 2,567 606.62
Utah 5,250 586.02
Wyoming 941 602.21
San Francisco 145,983 691.67
Arizona 19,952 645.25
California 114,003 705.00
Hawaii 1,539 618.08
Nevada 10,204 645.37
Northern Mariana Islands 285 670.71
Seattle 35,465 620.54
Alaska 1,248 587.19
Idaho 5,444 615.07
Oregon 10,739 626.48
Washington 18,034 620.94
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
a. Includes federally administered state supplementation payments.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 18. Percentage distribution of recipients, by monthly payment, December 2015
Payment (dollars) Percentage of total
Total  
Number 1,267,160
Percent 100.0
None a 0.1
Under 50 1.6
50–99 0.8
100–199 1.9
200–299 2.4
300–399 3.3
400–499 8.7
500–599 6.9
600–699 10.1
700–732 3.4
733 60.8
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
a. Persons receiving only a federally administered state supplementary payment on December 1, 2015.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 19. Recipients, by selected characteristics, December 2015
Characteristic Number Percentage of total
Total 1,267,160 100.0
Age  
Under 1 year 17,727 1.4
1 27,556 2.2
2 31,974 2.5
3 42,164 3.3
4 51,057 4.0
5 59,836 4.7
6 69,130 5.5
7 76,865 6.1
8 82,537 6.5
9 86,244 6.8
10 87,494 6.9
11 89,837 7.1
12 90,930 7.2
13 91,334 7.2
14 93,296 7.4
15 93,016 7.3
16 88,290 7.0
17 87,873 6.9
Sex  
Male 848,407 67.0
Female 418,753 33.0
Citizenship status  
Citizen 1,264,124 99.8
Noncitizen 3,036 0.2
Living arrangements  
Own household 164,380 13.0
Another's household 41,124 3.2
Parent's household 1,048,311 82.7
Medicaid institution 13,140 1.0
Unknown 205 (L)
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
NOTE: (L) = less than 0.05 percent.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 20. Recipients, by diagnostic group and age, December 2015
Diagnostic group All ages Under 3 3–5 6–12 13–17
  Number
All recipients under age 18 1,267,160 77,257 153,057 583,037 453,809
Congenital anomalies 69,664 13,715 14,845 27,771 13,333
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 9,528 738 1,972 4,231 2,587
Infectious and parasitic diseases 843 32 101 344 366
Injuries 6,339 493 1,052 2,824 1,970
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders 162,555 1,631 25,555 90,504 44,865
Developmental disorders 260,833 4,880 44,667 137,332 73,954
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified 244,071 37 3,884 121,746 118,404
Intellectual disability 116,945 470 4,552 45,954 65,969
Mood disorders 40,112 6 255 11,845 28,006
Organic mental disorders 28,173 786 4,052 13,410 9,925
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 3,399 0 10 831 2,558
Other mental disorders 32,014 45 790 13,017 18,162
Neoplasms 12,502 829 2,599 5,652 3,422
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 12,993 568 1,937 6,326 4,162
Circulatory system 5,118 641 958 2,133 1,386
Digestive system 16,405 5,073 5,138 4,435 1,759
Genitourinary system 3,196 239 421 1,378 1,158
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 9,816 816 1,717 3,929 3,354
Nervous system and sense organs 100,627 6,068 16,040 48,134 30,385
Respiratory system 29,154 2,103 5,478 13,399 8,174
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 2,589 131 446 1,335 677
Other 83,191 36,723 14,276 18,746 13,446
Unknown 17,093 1,233 2,312 7,761 5,787
  Percent
All recipients under age 18 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Congenital anomalies 5.5 17.8 9.7 4.8 2.9
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 0.8 1.0 1.3 0.7 0.6
Infectious and parasitic diseases 0.1 (L) 0.1 0.1 0.1
Injuries 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.4
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders 12.8 2.1 16.7 15.5 9.9
Developmental disorders 20.6 6.3 29.2 23.6 16.3
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified 19.3 (L) 2.5 20.9 26.1
Intellectual disability 9.2 0.6 3.0 7.9 14.5
Mood disorders 3.2 (L) 0.2 2.0 6.2
Organic mental disorders 2.2 1.0 2.6 2.3 2.2
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 0.3 0.0 (L) 0.1 0.6
Other mental disorders 2.5 0.1 0.5 2.2 4.0
Neoplasms 1.0 1.1 1.7 1.0 0.8
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 1.0 0.7 1.3 1.1 0.9
Circulatory system 0.4 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.3
Digestive system 1.3 6.6 3.4 0.8 0.4
Genitourinary system 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 0.8 1.1 1.1 0.7 0.7
Nervous system and sense organs 7.9 7.9 10.5 8.3 6.7
Respiratory system 2.3 2.7 3.6 2.3 1.8
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.1
Other 6.6 47.5 9.3 3.2 3.0
Unknown 1.3 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.3
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
NOTE: (L) = less than 0.05 percent.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 21. Recipients, by diagnostic group and sex, December 2015
Diagnostic group Total Male Female
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
All recipients under age 18 1,267,160 100.0 848,407 100.0 418,753 100.0
Congenital anomalies 69,664 5.5 37,559 4.4 32,105 7.7
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 9,528 0.8 4,896 0.6 4,632 1.1
Infectious and parasitic diseases 843 0.1 435 0.1 408 0.1
Injuries 6,339 0.5 3,645 0.4 2,694 0.6
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders 162,555 12.8 131,592 15.5 30,963 7.4
Developmental disorders 260,833 20.6 181,057 21.3 79,776 19.1
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified 244,071 19.3 188,870 22.3 55,201 13.2
Intellectual disability 116,945 9.2 72,500 8.5 44,445 10.6
Mood disorders 40,112 3.2 23,992 2.8 16,120 3.8
Organic mental disorders 28,173 2.2 18,685 2.2 9,488 2.3
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 3,399 0.3 2,014 0.2 1,385 0.3
Other mental disorders 32,014 2.5 19,714 2.3 12,300 2.9
Neoplasms 12,502 1.0 6,924 0.8 5,578 1.3
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 12,993 1.0 7,233 0.9 5,760 1.4
Circulatory system 5,118 0.4 2,759 0.3 2,359 0.6
Digestive system 16,405 1.3 8,844 1.0 7,561 1.8
Genitourinary system 3,196 0.3 1,863 0.2 1,333 0.3
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 9,816 0.8 4,784 0.6 5,032 1.2
Nervous system and sense organs 100,627 7.9 55,464 6.5 45,163 10.8
Respiratory system 29,154 2.3 18,253 2.2 10,901 2.6
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 2,589 0.2 1,325 0.2 1,264 0.3
Other 83,191 6.6 45,452 5.4 37,739 9.0
Unknown 17,093 1.3 10,547 1.2 6,546 1.6
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 22. Adult recipients who first became eligible for SSI before age 18, by year of first eligibility and age in December 2015
Year of first eligibility All ages Age in December 2015
18–21 22–25 26–29 30–39 40–49 50 or older a
Total  
Number 1,092,749 253,231 217,712 176,106 284,057 107,328 54,315
Percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
1974–1976 4.9 . . . . . . . . . (L) 18.7 62.3
1977–1980 5.2 . . . . . . . . . 3.5 26.9 32.5
1981–1984 5.0 . . . . . . . . . 10.2 20.9 5.2
1985–1989 8.5 . . . . . . 8.9 19.4 20.9 . . .
1990–1994 25.6 1.4 26.6 41.1 46.7 12.7 . . .
1995–1999 20.7 27.5 29.7 25.7 16.5 . . . . . .
2000–2004 16.1 30.3 24.5 19.8 3.7 . . . . . .
2005–2009 9.7 24.0 16.9 4.5 . . . . . . . . .
2010–2015 4.3 16.8 2.3 . . . . . . . . . . . .
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
NOTES: . . . = not applicable; (L) = less than 0.05 percent.
a. Those under age 18 in 1974 would be no older than 59 in 2015.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 23. Recipients and average monthly amount of child's income, by type of income, December 2015
Type of income Number Percent Average monthly amount (dollars)
Total 1,267,160 100.0 . . .
No earned or unearned income a 921,637 72.7 . . .
With income b 345,523 27.3 258
Earned income only 1,822 0.1 597
Unearned income only 342,795 27.1 234
Both earned and unearned income 906 0.1 692
With unearned income c 343,701 27.1 234
Social Security benefits 92,055 7.3 228
Veterans' benefits 7,391 0.6 67
Income based on need 19,621 1.5 228
Support from absent parents 179,613 14.2 227
Support and maintenance 70,744 5.6 169
Asset income 917 0.1 7
Other 5,786 0.5 302
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
NOTE: . . . = not applicable.
a. The percentage of children receiving the full federal benefit rate, as shown in Table 18, is smaller than the percentage of those with no income, as shown here, because of the effect of parental deemed income in the payment computation.
b. Does not include income deemed from parents in the household.
c. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some recipients may receive more than one type of unearned income.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 24. Recipients, by number of parents in the household, December 2015
Parents in household Number Percentage of total
Total 1,267,160 100.0
No parents a 154,480 12.2
One parent 854,618 67.4
Two parents 258,062 20.4
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
NOTE: The total of children with one or two parents in the household differs slightly from the number of children living in a parent's household in Table 19. This is because the data in Table 19 represent only households in which a parent is the head of the household, whereas the data in this table include children living with parents who are not the head of the household.
a. Children with no parents in the household reside independently, with other relatives or nonrelatives, or in institutions or in foster care. Deeming does not apply in these situations.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 25. Recipients with one parent in the household, by type and monthly amount of parental income, December 2015
Parental income All children living with one parent Children living with—
Mother only Father only
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
Total 854,618 100.0 798,164 100.0 56,454 100.0
No parental income 405,839 47.5 382,488 47.9 23,351 41.4
Parental income a 448,779 52.5 415,676 52.1 33,103 58.6
Earned income 316,973 37.1 293,930 36.8 23,043 40.8
Unearned income 151,948 17.8 140,761 17.6 11,187 19.8
Total income (dollars)  
None 405,839 47.5 382,488 47.9 23,351 41.4
Under 200 46,561 5.4 44,669 5.6 1,892 3.4
200–399 32,309 3.8 30,398 3.8 1,911 3.4
400–599 34,076 4.0 31,908 4.0 2,168 3.8
600–999 93,765 11.0 87,498 11.0 6,267 11.1
1,000 or more 242,068 28.3 221,203 27.7 20,865 37.0
Earned income (dollars)  
None 537,645 62.9 504,234 63.2 33,411 59.2
Under 200 6,645 0.8 6,212 0.8 433 0.8
200–399 11,542 1.4 10,983 1.4 559 1.0
400–599 18,514 2.2 17,620 2.2 894 1.6
600–999 54,035 6.3 51,582 6.5 2,453 4.3
1,000 or more 226,237 26.5 207,533 26.0 18,704 33.1
Unearned income (dollars)  
None 702,670 82.2 657,403 82.4 45,267 80.2
Under 200 50,197 5.9 48,323 6.1 1,874 3.3
200–399 25,991 3.0 24,365 3.1 1,626 2.9
400–599 18,938 2.2 17,418 2.2 1,520 2.7
600–999 44,482 5.2 40,374 5.1 4,108 7.3
1,000 or more 12,340 1.4 10,281 1.3 2,059 3.6
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
a. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some parents may receive both earned and unearned income.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 26. Recipients with two parents in the household, by type and monthly amount of parental income, December 2015
Parental income All children living with two parents Mother Father
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
Total 258,062 100.0 258,062 100.0 258,062 100.0
No parental income 49,917 19.3 164,500 63.7 89,864 34.8
Parental income a 208,145 80.7 93,562 36.3 168,198 65.2
Earned income 175,354 68.0 69,315 26.9 137,750 53.4
Unearned income 50,547 19.6 27,422 10.6 35,713 13.8
Total income (dollars)  
None 49,917 19.3 164,500 63.7 89,864 34.8
Under 200 5,246 2.0 12,004 4.7 6,318 2.4
200–399 6,101 2.4 6,924 2.7 4,981 1.9
400–599 6,917 2.7 7,534 2.9 6,627 2.6
600–999 21,693 8.4 18,341 7.1 21,240 8.2
1,000 or more 168,188 65.2 48,759 18.9 129,032 50.0
Earned income (dollars)  
None 82,708 32.0 188,747 73.1 120,312 46.6
Under 200 1,687 0.7 2,598 1.0 1,659 0.6
200–399 2,596 1.0 3,525 1.4 2,341 0.9
400–599 4,260 1.7 4,891 1.9 3,697 1.4
600–999 12,732 4.9 12,086 4.7 10,528 4.1
1,000 or more 154,079 59.7 46,215 17.9 119,525 46.3
Unearned income (dollars)  
None 207,515 80.4 230,640 89.4 222,349 86.2
Under 200 7,113 2.8 11,338 4.4 6,613 2.6
200–399 6,747 2.6 3,986 1.5 3,574 1.4
400–599 6,016 2.3 3,054 1.2 3,966 1.5
600–999 17,168 6.7 6,941 2.7 12,297 4.8
1,000 or more 13,503 5.2 2,103 0.8 9,263 3.6
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
a. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some parents may receive both earned and unearned income.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 27. Recipients with one or more parents who have income and average monthly amount of parental income, by type of income, December 2015
Type of income All children with parental income Children with parental income from—
Mother Father
Number Average monthly amount (dollars) Number Average monthly amount (dollars) Number Average monthly amount (dollars)
Total a 656,924 1,504 509,238 1,196 201,301 1,879
Earned income 492,327 1,782 363,245 1,464 160,793 2,143
Unearned income b 202,495 565 168,183 459 46,900 719
Social Security benefits 94,270 740 73,470 660 26,301 802
Other pensions 8,234 503 5,657 310 3,741 631
Public income-maintenance 62,195 149 58,310 153 8,263 168
Asset income 3,121 220 2,164 176 1,079 306
Other 41,998 613 33,158 533 9,249 927
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
a. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some parents may receive more than one type of earned or unearned income or both earned and unearned income.
b. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some parents may receive more than one type of unearned income.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 28. Recipients subject to deeming, by factors affecting parental deemed income, December 2015
Deeming factors All children living with parent(s) Children living with—
One parent Two parents
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
Total 1,112,680 100.0 854,618 76.8 258,062 23.2
  No deemed income used in child's payment computation
Subtotal 929,571 100.0 738,397 100.0 191,174 100.0
No parental income 455,756 49.0 405,839 55.0 49,917 26.1
Parent(s) receive public income-maintenance payments 62,195 6.7 52,871 7.2 9,324 4.9
Income less than deeming allocations a 46,001 4.9 35,347 4.8 10,654 5.6
Income less than exclusions b 365,619 39.3 244,340 33.1 121,279 63.4
  Deemed income used in child's payment computation
Subtotal 183,109 100.0 116,221 100.0 66,888 100.0
Parent(s) with—  
Earned income only 140,792 76.9 86,074 74.1 54,718 81.8
Unearned income only 26,837 14.7 22,455 19.3 4,382 6.6
Both earned and unearned income 12,666 6.9 5,217 4.5 7,449 11.1
Manually computed deemed income 2,814 1.5 2,475 2.1 339 0.5
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
a. Includes allocations for ineligible children and SSI-eligible aliens sponsored by parents.
b. Includes the general income exclusion ($20), the earned income exclusion ($65 plus one-half of the remaining earned income), and the parental living allowance.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.