SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2017

Children Under Age 18

Table 17. Recipients and average monthly payment, by SSA administrative region and state or other area, December 2017
Region and state or area Number Average monthly payment a (dollars)
All areas 1,182,593 647.48
Boston 42,038 630.46
Connecticut 8,496 640.38
Maine 3,970 628.24
Massachusetts 21,909 625.91
New Hampshire 2,283 600.85
Rhode Island 3,976 639.53
Vermont 1,404 669.85
New York 109,327 649.68
New Jersey 24,360 647.99
New York 84,967 650.17
Philadelphia 120,064 640.47
Delaware 3,358 626.35
District of Columbia 3,955 653.07
Maryland 19,209 628.14
Pennsylvania 63,306 649.07
Virginia 22,510 627.11
West Virginia 7,726 639.52
Atlanta 290,403 642.33
Alabama 22,799 644.71
Florida 99,742 640.66
Georgia 43,155 644.31
Kentucky 25,344 651.13
Mississippi 20,010 648.56
North Carolina 38,303 637.96
South Carolina 18,540 635.37
Tennessee 22,510 641.19
Chicago 174,832 646.97
Illinois 36,907 654.58
Indiana 22,515 643.71
Michigan 37,095 649.15
Minnesota 12,613 627.18
Ohio 44,280 649.04
Wisconsin 21,422 640.86
Dallas 217,321 642.10
Arkansas 25,653 653.79
Louisiana 33,001 654.84
New Mexico 8,228 648.01
Oklahoma 16,081 638.99
Texas 134,358 636.77
Kansas City 40,412 633.89
Iowa 7,748 628.57
Kansas 8,835 633.56
Missouri 20,017 639.46
Nebraska 3,812 616.18
Denver 20,769 612.47
Colorado 8,922 621.43
Montana 2,353 634.39
North Dakota 1,060 581.17
South Dakota 2,443 607.16
Utah 5,108 594.24
Wyoming 883 620.65
San Francisco 133,694 694.73
Arizona 17,619 651.56
California 104,636 707.19
Hawaii 1,353 626.33
Nevada 9,815 649.06
Northern Mariana Islands 271 684.14
Seattle 33,733 618.88
Alaska 1,193 585.58
Idaho 5,080 614.16
Oregon 10,656 623.57
Washington 16,804 619.70
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
a. Includes federally administered state supplementation payments.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 18. Percentage distribution of recipients, by monthly payment, December 2017
Payment (dollars) Percentage of total
Total  
Number 1,182,593
Percent 100.0
None a 0.1
Under 50 1.6
50–99 0.7
100–199 1.7
200–299 2.2
300–399 3.2
400–499 8.9
500–599 6.9
600–699 10.2
700–734 3.6
735 60.9
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
a. Persons receiving only a federally administered state supplementary payment on December 1, 2017.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 19. Recipients, by selected characteristics, December 2017
Characteristic Number Percentage of total
Total 1,182,593 100.0
Age  
Under 1 year 15,850 1.3
1 25,210 2.1
2 29,697 2.5
3 39,642 3.4
4 48,456 4.1
5 56,327 4.8
6 62,449 5.3
7 68,982 5.8
8 76,131 6.4
9 81,696 6.9
10 84,966 7.2
11 86,398 7.3
12 85,016 7.2
13 85,449 7.2
14 85,007 7.2
15 84,273 7.1
16 84,290 7.1
17 82,754 7.0
Sex  
Male 795,481 67.3
Female 387,112 32.7
Citizenship status  
Citizen 1,179,242 99.7
Noncitizen 3,351 0.3
Living arrangements  
Own household 156,467 13.2
Another's household 39,136 3.3
Parent's household 974,087 82.4
Medicaid institution 12,760 1.1
Unknown 143 (L)
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
NOTE: (L) = less than 0.05 percent.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 20. Recipients, by diagnostic group and age, December 2017
Diagnostic group All ages Under 3 3–5 6–12 13–17
  Number
All recipients under age 18 1,182,593 70,757 144,425 545,638 421,773
Congenital anomalies 65,406 12,512 13,814 25,734 13,346
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 8,896 569 1,755 4,286 2,286
Infectious and parasitic diseases 594 26 55 255 258
Injuries 5,555 479 896 2,457 1,723
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders 185,648 1,528 27,988 101,275 54,857
Developmental disorders 228,979 5,638 41,745 119,091 62,505
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified 227,653 125 4,187 114,465 108,876
Intellectual disability 114,406 246 3,956 45,970 64,234
Mood disorders 36,135 1 150 10,681 25,303
Organic mental disorders 24,967 341 3,822 12,276 8,528
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 2,814 0 8 679 2,127
Other mental disorders 31,732 36 817 13,590 17,289
Neoplasms 10,200 744 2,256 4,543 2,657
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 10,315 303 1,318 5,129 3,565
Circulatory system 4,159 677 837 1,515 1,130
Digestive system 15,286 5,148 4,886 3,782 1,470
Genitourinary system 2,805 220 384 1,186 1,015
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 9,261 731 1,569 3,778 3,183
Nervous system and sense organs 91,442 5,144 14,104 43,498 28,696
Respiratory system 20,654 1,559 3,990 9,505 5,600
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 2,103 115 351 1,078 559
Other 70,905 33,539 13,676 15,062 8,628
Unknown 12,678 1,076 1,861 5,803 3,938
  Percent
All recipients under age 18 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Congenital anomalies 5.5 17.7 9.6 4.7 3.2
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 0.8 0.8 1.2 0.8 0.5
Infectious and parasitic diseases 0.1 (L) (L) (L) 0.1
Injuries 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders 15.7 2.2 19.4 18.6 13.0
Developmental disorders 19.4 8.0 28.9 21.8 14.8
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified 19.3 0.2 2.9 21.0 25.8
Intellectual disability 9.7 0.3 2.7 8.4 15.2
Mood disorders 3.1 (L) 0.1 2.0 6.0
Organic mental disorders 2.1 0.5 2.6 2.2 2.0
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 0.2 0.0 (L) 0.1 0.5
Other mental disorders 2.7 0.1 0.6 2.5 4.1
Neoplasms 0.9 1.1 1.6 0.8 0.6
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 0.9 0.4 0.9 0.9 0.8
Circulatory system 0.4 1.0 0.6 0.3 0.3
Digestive system 1.3 7.3 3.4 0.7 0.3
Genitourinary system 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 0.8 1.0 1.1 0.7 0.8
Nervous system and sense organs 7.7 7.3 9.8 8.0 6.8
Respiratory system 1.7 2.2 2.8 1.7 1.3
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1
Other 6.0 47.4 9.5 2.8 2.0
Unknown 1.1 1.5 1.3 1.1 0.9
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
NOTE: (L) = less than 0.05 percent.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 21. Recipients, by diagnostic group and sex, December 2017
Diagnostic group Total Male Female
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
All recipients under age 18 1,182,593 100.0 795,481 100.0 387,112 100.0
Congenital anomalies 65,406 5.5 35,137 4.4 30,269 7.8
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 8,896 0.8 4,584 0.6 4,312 1.1
Infectious and parasitic diseases 594 0.1 307 0.0 287 0.1
Injuries 5,555 0.5 3,210 0.4 2,345 0.6
Mental disorders  
Autistic disorders 185,648 15.7 150,400 18.9 35,248 9.1
Developmental disorders 228,979 19.4 157,596 19.8 71,383 18.4
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified 227,653 19.3 176,178 22.1 51,475 13.3
Intellectual disability 114,406 9.7 70,393 8.8 44,013 11.4
Mood disorders 36,135 3.1 21,042 2.6 15,093 3.9
Organic mental disorders 24,967 2.1 16,410 2.1 8,557 2.2
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders 2,814 0.2 1,622 0.2 1,192 0.3
Other mental disorders 31,732 2.7 19,547 2.5 12,185 3.1
Neoplasms 10,200 0.9 5,719 0.7 4,481 1.2
Diseases of the—  
Blood and blood-forming organs 10,315 0.9 5,807 0.7 4,508 1.2
Circulatory system 4,159 0.4 2,257 0.3 1,902 0.5
Digestive system 15,286 1.3 8,320 1.0 6,966 1.8
Genitourinary system 2,805 0.2 1,665 0.2 1,140 0.3
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 9,261 0.8 4,517 0.6 4,744 1.2
Nervous system and sense organs 91,442 7.7 50,254 6.3 41,188 10.6
Respiratory system 20,654 1.7 12,798 1.6 7,856 2.0
Skin and subcutaneous tissue 2,103 0.2 1,081 0.1 1,022 0.3
Other 70,905 6.0 38,822 4.9 32,083 8.3
Unknown 12,678 1.1 7,815 1.0 4,863 1.3
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 22. Adult recipients who first became eligible for SSI before age 18, by year of first eligibility and age in December 2017
Year of first eligibility All ages Age in December 2017
18–21 22–25 26–29 30–39 40–49 50 or older a
Total  
Number 1,127,230 246,233 199,038 185,463 304,932 125,022 66,542
Percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
1974–1976 4.5 . . . . . . . . . . . . 10.6 56.1
1977–1980 4.7 . . . . . . . . . 1.2 21.7 33.4
1981–1984 4.5 . . . . . . . . . 7.1 18.1 10.0
1985–1989 7.8 . . . . . . 2.0 18.4 22.2 0.5
1990–1994 23.5 . . . 12.0 37.5 45.1 26.9 . . .
1995–1999 20.0 17.0 34.9 27.8 20.3 0.6 . . .
2000–2004 17.5 32.7 26.9 21.7 7.7 . . . . . .
2005–2009 11.0 26.7 18.5 11.0 0.3 . . . . . .
2010–2017 6.5 23.7 7.7 . . . . . . . . . . . .
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
NOTE: . . . = not applicable.
a. Those under age 18 in 1974 would be no older than 61 in 2017.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 23. Recipients and average monthly amount of child's income, by type of income, December 2017
Type of income Number Percent Average monthly amount (dollars)
Total 1,182,593 100.0 . . .
No earned or unearned income a 859,342 72.7 . . .
With income b 323,251 27.3 270
Earned income only 1,757 0.1 616
Unearned income only 320,635 27.1 240
Both earned and unearned income 859 0.1 712
With unearned income c 321,494 27.2 240
Social Security benefits 81,178 6.9 239
Veterans' benefits 8,392 0.7 70
Income based on need 16,797 1.4 223
Support from absent parents 170,689 14.4 231
Support and maintenance 68,665 5.8 175
Asset income 402 (L) 35
Other 6,190 0.5 308
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
NOTES: . . . = not applicable; (L) = less than 0.05 percent.
a. The percentage of children receiving the full federal benefit rate, as shown in Table 18, is smaller than the percentage of those with no income, as shown here, because of the effect of parental deemed income in the payment computation.
b. Does not include income deemed from parents in the household.
c. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some recipients may receive more than one type of unearned income.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 24. Recipients, by number of parents in the household, December 2017
Parents in household Number Percentage of total
Total 1,182,593 100.0
No parents a 147,892 12.5
One parent 800,597 67.7
Two parents 234,104 19.8
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
NOTE: The total of children with one or two parents in the household differs slightly from the number of children living in a parent's household in Table 19. This is because the data in Table 19 represent only households in which a parent is the head of the household, whereas the data in this table include children living with parents who are not the head of the household.
a. Children with no parents in the household reside independently, with other relatives or nonrelatives, or in institutions or in foster care. Deeming does not apply in these situations.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 25. Recipients with one parent in the household, by type and monthly amount of parental income, December 2017
Parental income All children living with one parent Children living with—
Mother only Father only
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
Total 800,597 100.0 747,811 100.0 52,786 100.0
No parental income 370,816 46.3 349,194 46.7 21,622 41.0
Parental income a 429,781 53.7 398,617 53.3 31,164 59.0
Earned income 316,665 39.6 294,416 39.4 22,249 42.1
Unearned income 131,781 16.5 121,848 16.3 9,933 18.8
Total income (dollars)  
None 370,816 46.3 349,194 46.7 21,622 41.0
Under 200 37,514 4.7 35,944 4.8 1,570 3.0
200–399 27,736 3.5 26,077 3.5 1,659 3.1
400–599 29,781 3.7 27,802 3.7 1,979 3.7
600–999 85,496 10.7 79,863 10.7 5,633 10.7
1,000 or more 249,254 31.1 228,931 30.6 20,323 38.5
Earned income (dollars)  
None 483,932 60.4 453,395 60.6 30,537 57.9
Under 200 5,795 0.7 5,403 0.7 392 0.7
200–399 10,211 1.3 9,688 1.3 523 1.0
400–599 16,934 2.1 16,070 2.1 864 1.6
600–999 50,627 6.3 48,303 6.5 2,324 4.4
1,000 or more 233,098 29.1 214,952 28.7 18,146 34.4
Unearned income (dollars)  
None 668,816 83.5 625,963 83.7 42,853 81.2
Under 200 40,860 5.1 39,326 5.3 1,534 2.9
200–399 22,212 2.8 20,814 2.8 1,398 2.6
400–599 15,872 2.0 14,549 1.9 1,323 2.5
600–999 39,855 5.0 36,221 4.8 3,634 6.9
1,000 or more 12,982 1.6 10,938 1.5 2,044 3.9
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
a. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some parents may receive both earned and unearned income.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 26. Recipients with two parents in the household, by type and monthly amount of parental income, December 2017
Parental income All children living with two parents Mother Father
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
Total 234,104 100.0 234,104 100.0 234,104 100.0
No parental income 43,194 18.5 149,168 63.7 79,905 34.1
Parental income a 190,910 81.5 84,936 36.3 154,199 65.9
Earned income 164,237 70.2 64,940 27.7 129,043 55.1
Unearned income 42,133 18.0 22,702 9.7 29,737 12.7
Total income (dollars)  
None 43,194 18.5 149,168 63.7 79,904 34.1
Under 200 4,039 1.7 9,687 4.1 4,959 2.1
200–399 4,787 2.0 5,755 2.5 4,088 1.7
400–599 5,548 2.4 6,325 2.7 5,450 2.3
600–999 17,690 7.6 16,121 6.9 17,794 7.6
1,000 or more 158,846 67.9 47,048 20.1 121,908 52.1
Earned income (dollars)  
None 69,867 29.8 169,164 72.3 105,060 44.9
Under 200 1,400 0.6 2,216 0.9 1,396 0.6
200–399 2,105 0.9 3,039 1.3 2,041 0.9
400–599 3,525 1.5 4,255 1.8 3,141 1.3
600–999 10,679 4.6 10,803 4.6 9,144 3.9
1,000 or more 146,528 62.6 44,627 19.1 113,321 48.4
Unearned income (dollars)  
None 191,971 82.0 211,402 90.3 204,366 87.3
Under 200 5,468 2.3 9,029 3.9 5,175 2.2
200–399 5,424 2.3 3,228 1.4 2,886 1.2
400–599 4,873 2.1 2,443 1.0 3,087 1.3
600–999 14,224 6.1 5,959 2.5 10,198 4.4
1,000 or more 12,144 5.2 2,043 0.9 8,391 3.6
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
a. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some parents may receive both earned and unearned income.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 27. Recipients with one or more parents who have income and average monthly amount of parental income, by type of income, December 2017
Type of income All children with parental income Children with parental income from—
Mother Father
Number Average monthly amount (dollars) Number Average monthly amount (dollars) Number Average monthly amount (dollars)
Total a 620,691 1,537 483,553 1,245 185,363 1,894
Earned income 480,902 1,776 359,356 1,478 151,292 2,123
Unearned income b 173,914 596 144,550 489 39,670 750
Social Security benefits 85,321 771 66,350 695 23,588 828
Other pensions 8,234 529 5,897 328 3,515 687
Public income-maintenance 50,731 156 47,534 159 6,634 173
Asset income 2,044 287 1,406 247 695 385
Other 33,413 620 27,129 545 6,570 975
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
a. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some parents may receive more than one type of earned or unearned income or both earned and unearned income.
b. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some parents may receive more than one type of unearned income.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.
Table 28. Recipients subject to deeming, by factors affecting parental deemed income, December 2017
Deeming factors All children living with parent(s) Children living with—
One parent Two parents
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
Total 1,034,701 100.0 800,597 77.4 234,104 22.6
  No deemed income used in child's payment computation
Subtotal 857,131 100.0 684,226 100.0 172,905 100.0
No parental income 414,010 48.3 370,816 54.2 43,194 25.0
Parent(s) receive public income-maintenance payments 50,731 5.9 43,337 6.3 7,394 4.3
Income less than deeming allocations a 42,116 4.9 33,038 4.8 9,078 5.3
Income less than exclusions b 350,274 40.9 237,035 34.6 113,239 65.5
  Deemed income used in child's payment computation
Subtotal 177,570 100.0 116,371 100.0 61,199 100.0
Parent(s) with—  
Earned income only 135,956 76.6 86,016 73.9 49,940 81.6
Unearned income only 26,719 15.0 22,529 19.4 4,190 6.8
Both earned and unearned income 12,067 6.8 5,342 4.6 6,725 11.0
Manually computed deemed income 2,828 1.6 2,484 2.1 344 0.6
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
a. Includes allocations for ineligible children and SSI-eligible aliens sponsored by parents.
b. Includes the general income exclusion ($20), the earned income exclusion ($65 plus one-half of the remaining earned income), and the parental living allowance.
CONTACT: (410) 965-0090 or statistics@ssa.gov.