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Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 83, No. 1
(released February 2023)
Effects of the Ticket to Work Program: Return on Investment and Overall Assessment of Outcomes Versus Design
Authorized by 1999 legislation, the Ticket to Work (TTW) program was designed to enhance the employment prospects of Social Security Administration (SSA) disability program beneficiaries by expanding vocational rehabilitation opportunities. SSA completed a comprehensive TTW evaluation in 2013. The evaluation included seven reports but never produced a summary of findings. This article synthesizes the evaluation's findings and extends them by estimating the effects of TTW services on program participants in relation to program costs.