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Summary of Provisions That Would Change the Social Security Program 
Description of Proposed Provisions:


Estimates based on the intermediate assumptions of the 2011 Trustees Report
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Change from present law  Results with this provision  

Longrange actuarial balance 
Annual balance in 75th year 
Longrange actuarial balance 
Annual balance in 75th year 

Present Law, Alternative II. 
2.22  4.24  
E1.1 
Increase the payroll tax rate (currently 12.4 percent) to 14.8 percent in
2012 and later.
graph  table  pdfgraph  pdftable  memo (Social Security Advisory Board) 
2.28  2.38  0.06  1.86  
E1.2 
Increase the payroll tax rate (currently 12.4 percent) to 14.6 percent in
20242053, and to 16.8 percent in years 2054 and later.
graph  table  pdfgraph  pdftable  memo (Social Security Advisory Board) 
2.30  4.30  0.08  0.06  
E1.3 
Reduce the payroll tax rate (currently 12.4 percent) to 11.4 percent in
2012 and later.
graph  table  pdfgraph  pdftable  memo (Warshawsky) 
0.96  1.01  3.19  5.25  
E1.4 
Increase the payroll tax rate (currently 12.4 percent) by 0.1 percentage
point each year from 20172036, until the rate reaches 14.4 percent in
2036 and later.
graph  table  pdfgraph  pdftable  memo (National Academy of Social Insurance) 
1.41  1.98  0.82  2.26  
E1.5 
Increase the payroll tax rate (currently 12.4 percent) to 12.6 percent in 2014,
12.9 percent in 2022, 13.1 in percent in 2032, 13.9 percent in 2042, 13.5 percent
in 2052, and 13.3 percent in 2062.
graph  table  pdfgraph  pdftable  memo (NRC/NAPA) 
0.74  0.90  1.49  3.34  
E1.6 
Increase the payroll tax rate (currently 12.4 percent) to 12.6 percent in 2014,
12.9 percent in 2022, 13.3 in percent in 2032, 13.8 percent in 2042, 14.4 percent
in 2062, and 14.5 percent in 2077.
graph  table  pdfgraph  pdftable  memo (NRC/NAPA) 
1.03  2.06  1.19  2.18  
E1.7 
Increase the payroll tax rate (currently 12.4 percent) to 12.7 percent in 2014, 13.0
percent in 2027, 13.3 in percent in 2042, 14.0 percent in 2062, 14.5 percent in 2072,
and 14.7 percent in 2082.
graph  table  pdfgraph  pdftable  memo (NRC/NAPA) 
0.84  2.24  1.38  2.00  
E2.1 
Eliminate the taxable maximum in years 2012 and later, and apply full 12.4 percent
payroll tax rate to all earnings. Do not provide benefit credit for earnings above
the currentlaw taxable maximum.
graph  table  pdfgraph  pdftable  memo (Social Security Advisory Board) 
2.34  2.48  0.11  1.77  
E2.2 
Eliminate the taxable maximum in years 2012 and later, and apply full 12.4 percent
payroll tax rate to all earnings. Provide benefit credit for earnings above the
currentlaw taxable maximum.
graph  table  pdfgraph  pdftable  memo (Social Security Advisory Board) 
1.91  1.64  0.32  2.60  
E2.3 
Eliminate the taxable maximum in years 2012 and later, and apply full 12.4 percent
payroll tax rate to all earnings. Provide benefit credit for earnings above the
currentlaw taxable maximum, adding a bend point at the currentlaw taxable maximum
and applying a formula factor of 3 percent for AIME above this new bend point.
graph  table  pdfgraph  pdftable  memo (National Academy of Social Insurance) 
2.18  2.17  0.04  2.07  
E2.4 
Eliminate the taxable maximum for years 2018 and later (phased in 20122017), and
apply full 12.4 percent payroll tax rate to all earnings. Provide benefit credit
for earnings above the currentlaw taxable maximum that were taxed after 2011,
using a secondary PIA formula. This secondary PIA formula uses: (1) an “AIME+”
derived from annual earnings from each year after 2011 that were in excess of that
year’s currentlaw taxable maximum; (2) a bend point equal to 134 percent higher
of the monthly currentlaw taxable maximum; and (3) formula factors of 3 percent
and 0.25 percent, respectively.
graph  table  pdfgraph  pdftable  memo (Deutch) 
2.16  2.37  0.06  1.88  
E2.5 
Apply 12.4 percent payroll tax rate on earnings above $250,000 starting in 2012, and
tax all earnings once the currentlaw taxable maximum exceeds $250,000. Do not provide
benefit credit for additional earnings taxed.
graph  table  pdfgraph  pdftable  memo (Sanders)  memo (DeFazio) 
2.09  2.47  0.13  1.77  
E2.6 
Apply a 3 percent payroll tax on earnings above the currentlaw taxable maximum
starting in 2012. Do not provide benefit credit for earnings above the currentlaw
taxable maximum.
graph  table  pdfgraph  pdftable  memo (AARP) 
0.57  0.61  1.65  3.64  
E2.7 
Apply a 6 percent payroll tax on earnings above the currentlaw taxable maximum starting
in 2012. Do not provide benefit credit for earnings above the currentlaw taxable maximum.
graph  table  pdfgraph  pdftable  memo (Wexler) 
1.14  1.21  1.09  3.04  
E2.8 
Apply a 2 percent payroll tax on earnings above the currentlaw taxable maximum for years
20142061, and a 3 percent rate for years 2062 and later. Do not provide benefit credit for
earnings above the currentlaw taxable maximum.
graph  table  pdfgraph  pdftable  memo (NRC/NAPA) 
0.41  0.60  1.81  3.65  
E2.9 
Apply the following payroll tax rates above the currentlaw taxable maximum: 2.0 percent
in 2014, 3.0 percent in 2027, 3.5 percent in 2042, 4.5 percent in 2052, and 5.5 percent in
2062 and later. Do not provide benefit credit for earnings above the currentlaw taxable maximum.
graph  table  pdfgraph  pdftable  memo (NRC/NAPA) 
0.66  1.10  1.56  3.15  
E2.10 
Eliminate the taxable maximum in years 2022 and later (phase in by applying a portion of the
payroll tax rate to earnings above the currentlaw taxable maximum: 1.24 percent in 2013;
2.48 percent in 2014; …; 11.16 percent in 2021). Provide benefit credit for earnings above
the currentlaw taxable maximum (phased in at the same proportion as the payroll tax rate
during 20132021). Revise the benefit formula by adding a bend point at the currentlaw
taxable maximum and applying a formula factor of 5 percent for AIME above this new bend point.
graph  table  pdfgraph  pdftable  memo (Harkin) 
1.90  2.10  0.32  2.14  
E3.1 
Increase the taxable maximum such that 90 percent of earnings would be subject to the payroll
tax (phased in 20122021). Provide benefit credit for earnings up to the revised taxable
maximum levels.
graph  table  pdfgraph  pdftable  memo (Social Security Advisory Board) 
0.80  0.71  1.42  3.53  
E3.2 
Increase the taxable maximum such that 90 percent of earnings would be subject to the payroll
tax (phased in 20122021). Do not provide benefit credit for additional earnings taxed.
graph  table  pdfgraph  pdftable  memo (Liebman, MacGuineas, Samwick) 
1.01  1.18  1.21  3.06  
E3.3 
Increase the taxable maximum such that 90 percent of earnings would be subject to the payroll
tax (phased in 20132018). Provide benefit credit for earnings up to the revised taxable maximum
levels.
graph  table  pdfgraph  pdftable  memo (AARP) 
0.81  0.71  1.41  3.53  
E3.4 
Increase the taxable maximum from $106,800 to $115,200 (in 2009 AWIindexed dollars), phased in
20122014. Provide benefit credit for earnings up to the revised taxable maximum levels.
graph  table  pdfgraph  pdftable  memo (Warshawsky) 
0.12  0.09  2.11  4.16  
E3.5 
Increase the taxable maximum each year by an additional 2 percent beginning in 2012 until
taxable earnings equal 90 percent of covered earnings. Provide benefit credit for earnings
up to the revised taxable maximum levels.
graph  table  pdfgraph  pdftable  memo (Bipartisan Policy Center)  memo (National Academy of Social Insurance) 
0.65  0.74  1.58  3.50  
E3.6 
Increase the taxable maximum each year by an additional 2 percent beginning in 2014 until
taxable earnings equal 90 percent of covered earnings. Do not provide benefit credit for
additional earnings taxed.
graph  table  pdfgraph  pdftable  memo (NRC/NAPA) 
0.75  1.18  1.47  3.07  
E3.7 
Increase the taxable maximum by an additional 2 percent per year beginning in 2013
until taxable earnings equal 90 percent of covered earnings. Provide benefit credit
for earnings up to the revised taxable maximum levels. Create a new bend point equal
to the currentlaw taxable maximum with a 5 percent formula factor applying above the
new bend point.
graph  table  pdfgraph  pdftable  memo (Fiscal Commission) 
0.71  0.98  1.51  3.26  
E3.8 
Beginning in 2019, apply 2 percent payroll tax rate on earnings over the wageindexed
equivalent of $200,000 in 2017, with the threshold wageindexed after 2019. Provide
proportional benefit credit for additional earnings taxed.
graph  table  pdfgraph  pdftable  memo (Johnson, Brady, Ryan) (similar provisions with 3 percent and 4 percent payroll tax rates are also available) 
0.19  0.16  2.04  4.09  
E3.9 
Beginning in 2019, apply 2 percent payroll tax rate on earnings over the wageindexed
equivalent of $200,000 in 2017, with the threshold wageindexed after 2019. Do not
provide benefit credit for additional earnings taxed.
graph  table  pdfgraph  pdftable  memo (Johnson, Brady, Ryan) (similar provisions with 3 percent and 4 percent payroll tax rates are also available) 
0.24  0.29  1.99  3.96  
E3.10 
Beginning in 2019, apply 2 percent payroll tax rate on earnings over the wageindexed
equivalent of $300,000 in 2017, with the threshold wageindexed after 2019. Provide
proportional benefit credit for additional earnings taxed.
graph  table  pdfgraph  pdftable  memo (Johnson, Brady, Ryan) (similar provisions with 3 percent and 4 percent payroll tax rates are also available) 
0.14  0.11  2.09  4.13  
E3.11 
Beginning in 2019, apply 2 percent payroll tax rate on earnings over the wageindexed
equivalent of $300,000 in 2017, with the threshold wageindexed after 2019. Do not
provide benefit credit for additional earnings taxed.
graph  table  pdfgraph  pdftable  memo (Johnson, Brady, Ryan) (similar provisions with 3 percent and 4 percent payroll tax rates are also available) 
0.17  0.21  2.05  4.03  
E3.12 
Beginning in 2019, apply 2 percent payroll tax rate on earnings over the wageindexed
equivalent of $400,000 in 2017, with the threshold wageindexed after 2019. Provide
proportional benefit credit for additional earnings taxed.
graph  table  pdfgraph  pdftable  memo (Johnson, Brady, Ryan) (similar provisions with 3 percent and 4 percent payroll tax rates are also available) 
0.11  0.09  2.11  4.15  
E3.13 
Beginning in 2019, apply 2 percent payroll tax rate on earnings over the wageindexed
equivalent of $400,000 in 2017, with the threshold wageindexed after 2019. Do not
provide benefit credit for additional earnings taxed.
graph  table  pdfgraph  pdftable  memo (Johnson, Brady, Ryan) (similar provisions with 3 percent and 4 percent payroll tax rates are also available) 
0.14  0.17  2.08  4.07  
E3.14 
Eliminate the taxable maximum for the employer payroll tax (6.2 percent)
beginning in 2012. For the employee payroll tax (6.2 percent) and for benefit
calculation purposes, beginning in 2012, increase the taxable maximum by an additional
2 percent per year until taxable earnings equal 90 percent of covered earnings.
graph  table  pdfgraph  pdftable  memo (National Academy of Social Insurance) 
1.44  1.43  0.78  2.82  
E3.15 
Increase the taxable maximum until taxable earnings equal 90 percent of covered
earnings (phased in 20122021). In addition, apply a tax rate of 6.2 percent for
earnings above the revised taxable maximum (phased in from 20122021). Provide benefit
credit on earnings taxed up to the revised taxable maximum.
graph  table  pdfgraph  pdftable  memo (Senate Special Committee on Aging) 
1.41  1.39  0.89  2.86 
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