SSA logo: link to Social Security Online home514. When do disabled widow(er)'s benefits begin?

The first month of your entitlement to disabled widow(er)'s benefits is the latest of the following months:

  1. If a waiting period is required, the sixth consecutive full calendar month of disability; or

  2. If a waiting period is not required, the first full calendar month of disability;

  3. The month your insured spouse died;

  4. The twelfth month before the month you applied for benefits (see §1513 for retroactivity of application); or

  5. The month you turn 50.

(See §409 for when disabled widow(er)'s benefits end.)

Last Revised: Aug. 5, 2003