PROVISIONS FOR ADMINISTRATION OF DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM
(1) Beneficiary eligibility.—Except as otherwise provided by the Secretary, an individual shall only be eligible to receive benefits under the program under section 1866A (in this section referred to as the “demonstration program”) if such individual—
(A) is enrolled under the program under part B and entitled to benefits under part A; and
(B) is not enrolled in a Medicare+Choice plan under part C, an eligible organization under a contract under section 1876 (or a similar organization operating under a demonstration project authority), an organization with an agreement under section 1833(a)(1)(A), or a PACE program under section 1894.
(2) Secretary’s discretion as to scope of program.—The Secretary may limit the implementation of the demonstration program to—
(A) a geographic area (or areas) that the Secretary designates for purposes of the program, based upon such criteria as the Secretary finds appropriate;
(B) a subgroup (or subgroups) of beneficiaries or individuals and entities furnishing items or services (otherwise eligible to participate in the program), selected on the basis of the number of such participants that the Secretary finds consistent with the effective and efficient implementation of the program;
(C) an element (or elements) of the program that the Secretary determines to be suitable for implementation; or
(D) any combination of any of the limits described in subparagraphs (A) through (C).
(3) Voluntary receipt of items and services.—Items and services shall be furnished to an individual under the demonstration program only at the individual’s election.
(4) Agreements.—The Secretary is authorized to enter into agreements with individuals and entities to furnish health care items and services to beneficiaries under the demonstration program.
(5) Program standards and criteria.—The Secretary shall establish performance standards for the demonstration program including, as applicable, standards for quality of health care items and services, cost–effectiveness, beneficiary satisfaction, and such other factors as the Secretary finds appropriate. The eligibility of individuals or entities for the initial award, continuation, and renewal of agreements to provide health care items and services under the program shall be conditioned, at a minimum, on performance that meets or exceeds such standards.
(6) Administrative review of decisions affecting individuals and entities furnishing services.—An individual or entity furnishing services under the demonstration program shall be entitled to a review by the program administrator (or, if the Secretary has not contracted with a program administrator, by the Secretary) of a decision not to enter into, or to terminate, or not to renew, an agreement with the entity to provide health care items or services under the program.
(7) Secretary’s review of marketing materials.—An agreement with an individual or entity furnishing services under the demonstration program shall require the individual or entity to guarantee that it will not distribute materials that market items or services under the program without the Secretary’s prior review and approval.
(8) Payment in full.—
(A) In general.—Except as provided in subparagraph (B), an individual or entity receiving payment from the Secretary under a contract or agreement under the demonstration program shall agree to accept such payment as payment in full, and such payment shall be in lieu of any payments to which the individual or entity would otherwise be entitled under this title.
(B) Collection of deductibles and coinsurance.—Such individual or entity may collect any applicable deductible or coinsurance amount from a beneficiary.
(b) Contracts for Program Administration.—
(1) In general.—The Secretary may administer the demonstration program through a contract with a program administrator in accordance with the provisions of this subsection.
(2) Scope of program administrator contracts.—The Secretary may enter into such contracts for a limited geographic area, or on a regional or national basis.
(3) Eligible contractors.—The Secretary may contract for the administration of the program with—
(A) an entity that, under a contract under section 1816 or 1842, determines the amount of and makes payments for health care items and services furnished under this title; or
(B) any other entity with substantial experience in managing the type of program concerned.
(4) Contract award, duration, and renewal.—
(A) In general.—A contract under this subsection shall be for an initial term of up to three years, renewable for additional terms of up to three years.
(B) Noncompetitive award and renewal for entities administering part a or part b payments.—The Secretary may enter or renew a contract under this subsection with an entity described in paragraph (3)(A) without regard to the requirements of section 5 of title 41, United States Code.
(5) Applicability of federal acquisition regulation.—The Federal Acquisition Regulation shall apply to program administration contracts under this subsection.
(6) Performance standards.—The Secretary shall establish performance standards for the program administrator including, as applicable, standards for the quality and cost–effectiveness of the program administered, and such other factors as the Secretary finds appropriate. The eligibility of entities for the initial award, continuation, and renewal of program administration contracts shall be conditioned, at a minimum, on performance that meets or exceeds such standards.
(7) Functions of program administrator.—A program administrator shall perform any or all of the following functions, as specified by the Secretary:
(A) Agreements with entities furnishing health care items and services.—Determine the qualifications of entities seeking to enter or renew agreements to provide services under the demonstration program, and as appropriate enter or renew (or refuse to enter or renew) such agreements on behalf of the Secretary.
(B) Establishment of payment rates.—Negotiate or otherwise establish, subject to the Secretary’s approval, payment rates for covered health care items and services.
(C) Payment of claims or fees.—Administer payments for health care items or services furnished under the program.
(D) Payment of bonuses.—Using such guidelines as the Secretary shall establish, and subject to the approval of the Secretary, make bonus payments as described in subsection (c)(2)(B) to entities furnishing items or services for which payment may be made under the program.
(E) Oversight.—Monitor the compliance of individuals and entities with agreements under the program with the conditions of participation.
(F) Administrative review.—Conduct reviews of adverse determinations specified in subsection (a)(6).
(G) Review of marketing materials.—Conduct a review of marketing materials proposed by an entity furnishing services under the program.
(H) Additional functions.—Perform such other functions as the Secretary may specify.
(8) Limitation of liability.—The provisions of section 1157(b) shall apply with respect to activities of contractors and their officers, employees, and agents under a contract under this subsection.
(9) Information sharing.—Notwithstanding section 1106 and section 552a of title 5, United States Code, the Secretary is authorized to disclose to an entity with a program administration contract under this subsection such information (including medical information) on individuals receiving health care items and services under the program as the entity may require to carry out its responsibilities under the contract.
(c) Rules Applicable to Both Program Agreements and Program Administration Contracts.—
(1) Records, reports, and audits.—The Secretary is authorized to require entities with agreements to provide health care items or services under the demonstration program, and entities with program administration contracts under subsection (b), to maintain adequate records, to afford the Secretary access to such records (including for audit purposes), and to furnish such reports and other materials (including audited financial statements and performance data) as the Secretary may require for purposes of implementation, oversight, and evaluation of the program and of individuals’ and entities’ effectiveness in performance of such agreements or contracts.
(2) Bonuses.—Notwithstanding any other provision of law, but subject to subparagraph (B)(ii), the Secretary may make bonus payments under the demonstration program from the Federal Health Insurance Trust Fund and the Federal Supplementary Medical Insurance Trust Fund in amounts that do not exceed the amounts authorized under the program in accordance with the following:
(A) Payments to program administrators.—The Secretary may make bonus payments under the program to program administrators.
(B) Payments to entities furnishing services.—
(i) In general.—Subject to clause (ii), the Secretary may make bonus payments to individuals or entities furnishing items or services for which payment may be made under the demonstration program, or may authorize the program administrator to make such bonus payments in accordance with such guidelines as the Secretary shall establish and subject to the Secretary’s approval.
(ii) Limitations.—The Secretary may condition such payments on the achievement of such standards related to efficiency, improvement in processes or outcomes of care, or such other factors as the Secretary determines to be appropriate.
(3) Antidiscrimination limitation.—The Secretary shall not enter into an agreement with an entity to provide health care items or services under the demonstration program, or with an entity to administer the program, unless such entity guarantees that it will not deny, limit, or condition the coverage or provision of benefits under the program, for individuals eligible to be enrolled under such program, based on any health status–related factor described in section 2702(a)(1) of the Public Health Service Act.
(d) Limitations on Judicial Review.—The following actions and determinations with respect to the demonstration program shall not be subject to review by a judicial or administrative tribunal:
(1) Limiting the implementation of the program under subsection (a)(2).
(2) Establishment of program participation standards under subsection (a)(5) or the denial or termination of, or refusal to renew, an agreement with an entity to provide health care items and services under the program.
(3) Establishment of program administration contract performance standards under subsection (b)(6), the refusal to renew a program administration contract, or the noncompetitive award or renewal of a program administration contract under subsection (b)(4)(B).
(4) Establishment of payment rates, through negotiation or otherwise, under a program agreement or a program administration contract.
(5) A determination with respect to the program (where specifically authorized by the program authority or by subsection (c)(2))—
(A) as to whether cost savings have been achieved, and the amount of savings; or
(B) as to whether, to whom, and in what amounts bonuses will be paid.
(e) Application Limited to Parts A and B.—None of the provisions of this section or of the demonstration program shall apply to the programs under part C.
(f) Reports to Congress.—Not later than two years after the date of the enactment of this section, and biennially thereafter for six years, the Secretary shall report to Congress on the use of authorities under the demonstration program. Each report shall address the impact of the use of those authorities on expenditures, access, and quality under the programs under this title.