Automatic Determinations
Primary Insurance Amount
Wageindexed amounts

The maximum family benefit is the maximum monthly amount that can be paid on a
worker's earnings record. There is a special formula for computing the maximum benefits
payable to the family of a disabled worker. The following,
however, is devoted to the more common family maximum for retirement and survivor benefits.
Computation of the Retirement and Survivor Family Maximum
The formula used to compute the family maximum is similar to that used to compute
the Primary Insurance Amount (PIA). The formula sums
four separate percentages of portions of the worker's PIA. For 2021 these portions
are the first $1,272, the amount between $1,272 and $1,837, the amount between
$1,837 and $2,395, and the amount over $2,395. These dollar amounts are the "bend
points" of the familymaximum formula. Thus, the familymaximum bend points for 2021
are $1,272, $1,837, and $2,395. See table showing
bend points for years beginning with 1979 (table also shows PIA formula bend points).
 For the family of a worker who becomes age 62 or dies in 2021 before attaining
age 62, the total amount of benefits payable will be computed so that it does not exceed:
 (a) 150 percent of the first $1,272 of the worker's PIA, plus
 (b) 272 percent of the worker's PIA over $1,272 through $1,837, plus
 (c) 134 percent of the worker's PIA over $1,837 through $2,395, plus
 (d) 175 percent of the worker's PIA over $2,395.
We then round this total amount to the next lower multiple of $.10 if it is
not already a multiple of $.10.
Determination of familymaximum bend points for 2021
Amounts in formula 

Bend points for 1979
First:  $230 
Second:  $332 
Third:  $433 

Computation of bend
points for 2021 
First bend point $230 times 54,099.99 divided by
$9,779.44 equals $1,272.36, which rounds to $1,272 
Second bend point $332 times 54,099.99 divided by
$9,779.44 equals $1,836.63, which rounds to $1,837 
Third bend point $433 times 54,099.99 divided by
$9,779.44 equals $2,395.36, which rounds to $2,395 
