Summary of Provisions That Would Change the Social Security Program
Description of Proposed Provisions:
Cost-of-Living Adjustment
Estimates based on the intermediate assumptions of
the 2019 Trustees Report
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Change from current law [percent of payroll] |
Shortfall eliminated | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
Long-range actuarial balance |
Annual balance in 75th year |
Long-range actuarial balance |
Annual balance in 75th year |
|||
Current law shortfall in long-range actuarial balance is 2.78 percent of payroll and in annual balance for the 75th year is 4.11 percent of payroll. | ||||||
A1 |
Starting December 2020, reduce the annual COLA by 1 percentage point.
graph | table | pdf-graph | pdf-table | memo (Social Security Advisory Board) |
1.82 | 2.37 | 66% | 58% | |
A2 |
Starting December 2020, reduce the annual COLA by 0.5 percentage point.
graph | table | pdf-graph | pdf-table | memo (Social Security Advisory Board) |
0.95 | 1.25 | 34% | 30% | |
A3 |
Starting December 2020, compute the COLA using a chained version of the consumer
price index for wage and salary workers (CPI-W). We estimate this new computation
will reduce the annual COLA by about 0.3 percentage point, on average.
graph | table | pdf-graph | pdf-table | memo (Ribble) | memo (FY 2014 Budget) | memo (Chaffetz) | memo (Becerra) | memo (Fiscal Commission) | memo (Bipartisan Policy Center 2010) | memo (Social Security Advisory Board) |
0.58 | 0.76 | 21% | 19% | |
A4 |
Starting December 2022, compute the COLA using a chained version of the consumer
price index for wage and salary workers (CPI-W). We estimate this new computation
will reduce the annual COLA by about 0.3 percentage point, on average. The new
COLA will not apply to DI benefits. It will apply to OASI benefits, except for
those of formerly disabled-workers who converted to retired-worker status.
graph | table | pdf-graph | pdf-table | memo (NRC/NAPA) |
0.44 | 0.58 | 16% | 14% | |
A5 |
Starting December 2020, add 1 percentage point to the annual COLA for beneficiaries
who have lived past a "specified age". The "specified age" is the sum of: (1) 65 and
(2) the unisex cohort life expectancy at age 65.
graph | table | pdf-graph | pdf-table | memo (Senate Special Committee on Aging) |
-0.10 | -0.11 | -4% | -3% | |
A6 |
Starting December 2021, compute the COLA using the Consumer Price Index for the
Elderly (CPI-E). We estimate this new computation will increase the annual COLA
by about 0.2 percentage point, on average.
graph | table | pdf-graph | pdf-table | memo (Larson, Blumenthal, Van Hollen September 2019) | memo (Deutch, Hirono 2019) | memo (Sanders, DeFazio 2019) | memo (Larson, Blumenthal, Van Hollen January 2019) | memo (Deutch, Hirono 2017) | memo (Lawson) | memo (Larson 2017) | memo (Sanders, DeFazio 2017) | memo (Sanchez) | memo (Sanders 2016) | memo (Schatz) | memo (Deutch 2015) | memo (DeFazio 2015) | memo (Sanders 2015) | memo (Larson 2015) | memo (Larson 2014) | memo (Harkin 2013) | memo (Harkin 2012) | memo (Becerra) | memo (Deutch 2010) |
-0.40 | -0.53 | -14% | -13% | |
A7 |
Starting December 2020, reduce the annual COLA by 1 percentage point, but not to
less than zero. In cases where the unreduced COLA is less than 1 percentage point,
do not carry over the unused reduction into future years.
graph | table | pdf-graph | pdf-table | memo (Hutchison) |
1.72 | 2.24 | 62% | 54% | |
A8 |
Starting December 2020, for OASI beneficiaries only (DI beneficiaries would
only be affected when their benefit converts to OASI at NRA), the annual COLA
would be based on the chain-weighted version of the CPI-U.
graph | table | pdf-graph | pdf-table | memo (Bipartisan Policy Center October 2016) | memo (Bipartisan Policy Center June 2016) |
0.50 | 0.64 | 18% | 16% | |
A9 |
For single/head-of-household/married-filing-separate taxpayers with modified
adjusted gross income (MAGI) below $91,500 and for joint filers with MAGI below
$183,000 for December 2021 ($85,000 and $170,000 multiplied by estimated CPI-U
for 2019-2021), use the chain-weighted version of the Consumer Price Index for
All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) to calculate the cost-of-living adjustment (COLA),
beginning with the December 2021 COLA. For those beneficiaries whose MAGI is
above these thresholds, provide no COLA. Use prior tax year income data for
this determination. Index the eligibility income threshold amounts to the CPI-U
after December 2021.
graph | table | pdf-graph | pdf-table | memo (Johnson 2016) |
1.42 | 2.53 | 51% | 62% |