Provisions Affecting Taxation of Benefits
These provisions revise the current rules for subjecting
Social Security benefits to personal income tax. We provide
a summary list of all
(printer-friendly PDF version)
in this category. For each provision listed below,
we provide an estimate of the financial effect on the OASDI
program over the long-range period (the next 75 years) and for
the 75th year. In addition, we provide graphs and detailed
single year tables. We base all estimates on the
intermediate assumptions described in the
2020 Trustees Report.
Choose the type of estimates (summary or detailed) from
the list of provisions.
||Table and graph selection
Starting in 2021, tax Social Security benefits in a manner similar to
private pension income. Phase out the lower-income thresholds during
Starting in 2022, modify personal income tax by: (a) establishing two-brackets
with marginal rates of 15 and 27 percent separated at $51,000 (CPI indexed);
(b) creating a non-refundable credit for low-income tax filers age 65 and older;
and (c) treating capital gains as regular income. Tax all Social Security benefits
at the applicable marginal rate (15 or 27 percent) less 7.5 percent, with 60
percent of this revenue going to OASDI and 40 percent going to HI.
Increase the threshold for taxation of OASDI benefits to $50,000 for single
filers and $100,000 for joint filers starting in 2022. Taxation of benefits
revenues transferred to the Hospital Insurance (HI) Trust Fund would be the
same as if the current-law computation applied.
Beginning in 2027, for single/head-of-household/married-filing-separate taxpayers
with MAGI of $250,000 or more and joint filers with MAGI of $500,000 or more, include
up to the remaining 15 percent of Social Security benefits in taxable income (increased
from up to 85 percent of benefits taxable under current law). In subsequent years,
update these thresholds for growth in wages (AWI). Revenue from this provision would
be credited to the Social Security trust funds. Current law taxation of up to 85
percent of Social Security benefits would remain unchanged.
Eliminate federal income taxation of OASDI benefits that is credited to
the OASI and DI Trust Funds for 2054 and later. Phase out OASDI taxation
of benefits by increasing relevant "income" thresholds from 2045 through
2053 as follows, for single/joint tax filers: (a) 2045 = $32,500/$65,000;
(b) 2046 = $40,000/$80,000; (c) 2047 = $47,500/$95,000; (d) 2048 = $55,000/$110,000;
(e) 2049 = $62,500/$125,000; (f) 2050 = $70,000/$140,000; (g) 2051 = $77,500/$155,000;
(h) 2052 = $85,000/$170,000; and (i) 2053 = $92,500/$185,000. Taxation
of benefits revenues for the Hospital Insurance (HI) Trust Fund would be
maintained at the same level as if the current-law computation applied.
Replace the current-law thresholds for federal income taxation of OASDI benefits
with a single set of thresholds at $50,000 for single filers and $100,000 for joint
filers for taxation of up to 85 percent of OASDI benefits, effective for tax year
2022. These thresholds would be fixed and not indexed to price inflation or average
wage increase. Reallocate a portion of revenue from taxation of OASDI benefits to
the HI Trust Fund such that the HI Trust Fund would be in the same position as if
the current-law computation (in the absence of this provision) applied. The net
amount of revenue from taxing OASDI benefits, after the allocation to HI, would
be allocated to the combined Social Security Trust Fund.