The original version of this report contained an error in the Background section. Under “Coordination with Other Programs: SNAP Applications,” SSI recipients in California were incorrectly reported to be ineligible for SNAP benefits. That passage is now corrected.
Since 1974, the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program has guaranteed a minimum level of income for needy aged, blind, or disabled individuals. Each year, we issue a report that presents data on the SSI program and the people who receive benefits from it. The report covers such topics as:
federal benefit rates, total annual payments, and total recipients;
federally administered payments;
recipients of Social Security, SSI, or both;
children under age 18;
diagnoses of recipients under age 65;
recipients who work;
outcomes of applications for disability benefits; and
suspensions, terminations, and duration of eligibility.
Tables from the discontinued reports Children Receiving SSI and SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work were incorporated into this report beginning with the 2007 edition.
Aneer Rukh-Kamaa managed the preparation of this report and prepared the statistical tables and narratives. Staff of the Office of Dissemination edited the report and prepared it for publication.
Natalie Lu Acting Associate Commissioner for Research, Evaluation, and Statistics October 2021
All years are calendar years unless otherwise specified.
Numbers in the text and tables may not add to totals because of rounding.
Monthly data shown in tables are for the end of the given month.
Beginning with the 2020 edition, some of the mental disorder diagnostic groups have been renamed:
Autism spectrum disorders
Childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified
Depressive, bipolar, and related disorders
Organic mental disorders
Schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders
Schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders
Other mental disorders
Also beginning with the 2020 edition, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnoses have been reallocated from the “childhood and adolescent disorders not elsewhere classified” group to the “other mental disorders” group to reflect the agency's adoption of an ADHD diagnostic code for both children and adults.
History of the SSI Program
The Basic Plan
Uniform Standards and Objective Criteria
Assistance of Last Resort
Incentives for Work and Opportunities for Rehabilitation
Administration of the SSI Program
Coordination with Other Programs
Federal Benefit Rates, Total Annual Payments, and Total Recipients (Tables 1–3)
Federally Administered Payments (Tables 4–14)
Recipients of Social Security, SSI, or Both (Tables 15–16)
Children Under Age 18 (Tables 17–28)
Noncitizens (Tables 29–33)
Recipients Under Age 65 (Tables 34–39.A)
Recipients Who Work (Tables 40–56)
Applications (Tables 57–62)
Awards (Tables 63–68)
Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits (Tables 69–74)
Suspensions, Terminations, and Duration of Eligibility (Tables 75–78)